On This Day

Historical Events on July 24

  • 1132 Battle of Nocera between Ranulf II of Alife and Roger II of Sicily

Historic Siege

1148 Louis VII of France lays siege to Damascus during the Second Crusade

  • 1411 Battle of Harlaw, one of the bloodiest battles in Scotland, takes place
  • 1487 Citizens of Leeuwarden, Netherlands, rebel against ban on foreign beer
  • 1525 Second attempt to circumnavigate the globe as seven ships departs Corunna headed by García Jofre de Loaísa on orders of King Charles I of Spain for the Spice Islands (only one will make it)

Historic Discovery

1534 Jacques Cartier lands in Canada, claims it for France

Historic Event

1567 Mary Queen of Scots is forced to abdicate; her 1-year-old son becomes King James VI of Scots

  • 1577 Spanish army/German mercenaries conquer Namur
  • 1577 Treason of Don Juan in Brussels
  • 1581 States of Holland/Zealand recognized by Wiliam of Orange
  • 1651 Anthony Johnson, a free African American, receives grant of 250 acres in Virginia

Historic Event

1673 Edmund Halley enters The Queen's College, Oxford, as an undergraduate

  • 1683 1st settlers from Germany to US, leave aboard Concord

Historic Event

1692 French defeat William III of England at Steinkirk (Enghein)

  • 1701 Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founds trading post at Fort Pontchartrain, later becomes the city of Detroit
  • 1704 English and Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar
  • 1712 Battle at Denain: France under Villars beat Dutch army

Election of Interest

1758 George Washington elected to Virginia House of Burgesses representing Frederick County

  • 1783 Georgia becomes a protectorate of tsarist Russia
  • 1793 France passes 1st copyright law
  • 1823 Slavery is abolished in Chile

Historic Publication

1824 Harrisburg Pennsylvanian newspaper publishes results of 1st public opinion poll, with a clear lead for Andrew Jackson

  • 1832 Benjamin Bonneville leads the first wagon train across the Rocky Mountains by Wyoming's South Pass
  • 1833 HMS Beagle departs Maldonado, Uruguay

Historic Event

1847 Brigham Young and his Mormon followers arrive at Salt Lake City, Utah

  • 1847 Rotary-type printing press patents received by Richard March Hoe, NYC
  • 1851 Window tax abolished in Britain
  • 1860 Olympics beat St. George, 25-17 at St. Georges Cricket Grounds, Philadelphia in first baseball game played in enclosed field
  • 1863 Battle at Battle Mountain, Virginia
  • 1866 Tennessee becomes 1st Confederate state readmitted to Union
  • 1870 1st trans-US rail service begins
  • 1877 1st time federal troops are used to combat strikers
  • 1880 1st commercial hydroelectric power plant in the world begins generating electricity in Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • 1883 Arabi Pasha declares a holy war in Egypt
  • 1886 China takes British protectorate of Burma
  • 1893 For only time in history of US Tennis championships, an event is held off the Eastern seaboard. Men's double championship in Chicago
  • 1900 Race riot in New Orleans, 2 white policemen killed

Sports History

1902 Victor Trumper scores a century for Australia before lunch 4th Test Cricket v England

  • 1902 In Turkey, the Sultan Abdul-Hamid, under pressure from within the Ottoman Empire, appoints a commission to consider reforms that might pacify Macedonian revolutionaries
  • 1904 2nd Tour de France won by Henri Cornet of France
  • 1905 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon: Laurence Doherty & Reggie Doherty beat Holcombe Ward & Beals Wright 8-10, 6-2, 6-2, 4-6, 8-6 to give British Isles an unassailable 3-0 lead over US (ends 5-0)

Treaty of Interest

1905 Tsar Nicholas II (Russia) and Emperor Wilhelm II (Germany) sign the Björkö Treaty, whereby each country agrees to come to the other's defense if attacked by European powers

  • 1908 American Johnny Hayes wins London Olympic marathon in Games record 2:55:18.4 after Dorando Pietri of Italy disqualified for receiving assistance before the finish line
  • 1908 After days of discussion with his ministers, Sultan Abdul Hamid of Turkey announces he is restoring the liberal constitution of 1876 and will become more responsive to demands of dissidents
  • 1909 Brooklyn Superbas pitcher Nap Rucker strikes out 16 Pittsburgh Pirates in a 1-0 victory at Washington Park, Brooklyn
  • 1910 Matador Juan Belmonte (18) kills his 1st bull

Historic Discovery

1911 American explorer Hiram Bingham discovers Machu Picchu, the Lost City of the Incas

  • 1911 Cleve's League Park hosts 1st unofficial ML All Star game (benefit game for Addie Joss' family). Cleveland Naps lose to All Stars 5-3
  • 1915 Excursion ship Eastland capsizes in Lake Michigan, 852 die

Music History

1917 Trial of Dutch exotic dancer Mata Hari begins in Paris for allegedly spying for Germany and thus causing the deaths of 50,000 soldiers

  • 1919 Race Riot in Washington, D.C. (6 killed, 100 wounded)
  • 1921 15th Tour de France won by Leon Scieur of Belgium
  • 1923 Allied Powers and Turkey sign peace treaty, Lausanne
  • 1927 The Menin Gate war memorial is unveiled at Ypres
  • 1929 NY to San Francisco foot race ends (2½ months) winner is 60 year old Monteverde
  • 1931 George Gunn gets 183 and son of a gunn George Vernon 100* same innings

World Record

1931 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 2 mile (8:59.6)

  • 1931 A fire at a home for the elderly in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania kills 48 people.
  • 1933 German judge Vogt signs deed of accusation against Van der Lubbe
  • 1934 1st ptarmigan hatched and reared in captivity, Ithaca, NY
  • 1935 1st greetings telegram sent in Britain
  • 1935 The world's first children's railway opens in Tbilisi, USSR
  • 1936 118°F (48°C), Minden, Nebraska (state record)
  • 1936 121°F (49°C), near Alton, Kansas (state record)
  • 1936 Generals Mola and Cabanellas form Spanish anti-government
  • 1937 Alabama drops charges against 5 blacks accused of rape in Scottsboro
  • 1940 1st illegal "Newsletter of Pieter It Hen" publishes in Netherlands
  • 1940 Linthorst Homan, de Quay and Einthoven form Dutch Union

Historic Event

1941 FDR demands Japanese troops out of Indo-China

  • 1941 Nazis kill entire Jewish population of Grodz, Lithuania

Music Premiere

1942 Irving Berlin's musical "This Is The Army" premieres in NYC

  • 1942 German troops occupy Rostov-on- Don in Southern Russia for the 2nd time
  • 1943 Operation Gomorrah: RAF begins bombing Hamburg (till 3rd August), creating a firestorm and killing 42,600 people
  • 1944 300 allied bombers drop fire bombs on Allied/German positions at Saint-Lô, France
  • 1944 Soviet forces liberate concentration camp Majdanek
  • 1944 US troops land on Tinian
  • 1945 US destroyer Underhill torpedoed West of Guam
  • 1946 9 Spokane baseball players (Western League) die in a bus crash
  • 1946 US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Bikini Island
  • 1948 4 Duluth Minn Dukes (St Louis Cards Class C farm team) die in crash
  • 1949 Indian pitcher Bob Lemon hits 2 HRs to beat Senators, 7-5
  • 1949 36th Tour de France won by Fausto Coppi of Italy
  • 1950 V-2/WAC Corporal rocket launch; 1st launch from Cape Canaveral
  • 1952 112°F (44°C), Louisville, Georgia (state record)
  • 1952 Emile Zatopek runs Olympic record 5K (14:06.6)
  • 1952 US President Harry Truman settles 53-day steel strike

Film Release

1952 "High Noon", American Western film directed by Fred Zinnemann, starring Gary Cooper and Thomas Mitchell, is released

  • 1953 KEYT TV channel 3 in Santa Barbara, CA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 Ali Sastroamidjojo of government resigns in Indonesia

Historic Event

1956 Brendan Behan's "Quare Fellow" premieres in London

  • 1956 Dodgers lose to the Reds, 2-1, playing in Jersey City's Roosevelt Stadium
  • 1956 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Blue Hill CC: Masters champion Jack Burke Jr. wins his second major championship of the season, 3 & 2 over Ted Kroll
  • 1957 KTVC TV channel 6 in Ensign, KS (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1957 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 14 people named 1st life peers in UK

Sports History

1958 Ted Williams is fined $250 for spitting at Boston fans again

  • 1958 Test Cricket debuts against NZ for Dexter, Illingworth & Subba Row
  • 1959 500,000th Dutch TV set registered
  • 1960 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Firestone CC: Jay Hebert wins his only major title by 1 stroke from Australian Jim Ferrier
  • 1961 Beginning of a trend, a US commercial plane is hijacked to Cuba
  • 1961 Edwin Newman becomes news anchor of Today Show

Baseball Record

1961 Roger Maris hits 4 home runs, in a doubleheader

  • 1963 124 Unification church couples wed in Korea
  • 1963 Dutch government of Marijnen forms
  • 1964 -27) race riot in Rochester, New York, 4 killed
  • 1965 "Flora, the Red Menace" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 87 performances

Music History

1965 Bob Dylan release "Like a Rolling Stone"

Sports History

1965 Casey Stengel resigns as manager of NY Mets

  • 1965 Rock group "The Animals" 1st time in British charts
  • 1966 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Firestone CC: American Al Geiberger wins his only major title by 4 shots from Dudley Wysong
  • 1967 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Columbine CC: Don January wins his only major title in 18-hole playoff with Don Messengale (69-71)
  • 1967 The Beatles sign a petition in Times to legalize marijuana

Historic Event

1967 Charles de Gaulle says 'Vive le Quebec libre! Long live free Quebec!'

  • 1967 Chinese army/air force/fleet repress uprising in Wuhan City
  • 1967 Norway requests European Common Market membership
  • 1967 Race riots in Cambridge, Maryland
  • 1967 Race riots in Detroit force postponement of Tigers-Orioles game

Historic Event

1967 First modern hospice St Christopher's founded by Dr. Cicely Saunders in London, England, beginning of modern palliative care and the hospice movement

Sports History

1968 Hoyt Wilhelm pitches in a record 907th major league game breaking Cy Young's record for pitching appearances

  • 1970 International Lawn Tennis Association institutes 9 point tie break rule
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1971 WUHQ TV channel 41 in Battle Creek, MI (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1972 Jigme Singye Wangchuk becomes king of Bhutan at 16
  • 1972 Bugojno group is caught by Yugoslav security forces.
  • 1973 44th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-1 at Royals Stadium, Kansas City
  • 1973 All Star MVP: Bobby Bonds (SF Giants)
  • 1974 Supreme Court unanimously rules Nixon must turn over Watergate tapes

Film Release

1974 "Death Wish", based on the novel by Brian Garfield, directed by Michael Winner and starring Charles Bronson is released in the US

Historic Event

1975 Giorgio Armani and Sergio Galeotti found Giorgio Armani S.p.A. in Milan, Italy

  • 1976 John Naber is 1st to swim 200m backstroke under 2 minutes

US Women's Golf Open

1977 US Open Women's Golf, Hazeltine National GC: Hollis Stacy wins wire-to-wire by 2 strokes from Nancy Lopez

Sports History

1977 Pete Rose passes Frankie Frisch as switch-hit leader with 2,881

  • 1977 Seattle's John Montague pitches 6 2/3 innings of perfect relief tying 2 game record of retiring 33 consecutive batsmen
  • 1977 64th Tour de France won by Bernard Thevenet of France
  • 1978 Margaret Gardiner, of South Africa, crowned 27th Miss Universe
  • 1978 Pete Rose ties NL hitting streak of 37 games

Sports History

1978 Billy Martin resigns as Yankee manager after "one is a born liar the other a convicted one" comment about Steinbrenner and Jackson

Appointment of Interest

1979 US President Jimmy Carter names Paul Volcker as Chairman of the Federal Reserve

Sports History

1979 Red Sox Carl Yastrzemski hits his 400th HR

  • 1981 Mohammed Ali Rajai elected president of Iran
  • 1982 "Best Little Whorehouse in Texas" closes at E O'Neill NYC after 63 performances
  • 1982 KHJ (LA) & KFRC (San Francisco) become 2nd & 3rd stereo AM stations
  • 1982 Heavy rain causes a mudslide that destroys a bridge at Nagasaki, Japan, killing 299
  • 1982 Single "Eye Of The Tiger" by Survivor from "Rocky III" soundtrack starts 6-week run at No. 1 on US charts (Grammy for Best Rock Performance)
  • 1983 "Mame" opens at Gershwin Theater NYC for 41 performances
  • 1983 21st Tennis Fed Cup: Czech beats Germany in Zurich Switzerland (2-1)

Sports History

1983 Pine Tar Game: George Brett's HR disallowed against Yanks (overturned)

  • 1983 Sonya Robinson, (Milwaukee), 23, crowned 16th Miss Black America
  • 1983 70th Tour de France won by Laurent Fignon of France

Music Single

1984 "Careless Whisper" single released by George Michael (credited in US to Wham!) (Billboard Song of the Year 1985)

Historic Event

1985 Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi signs a peace accord with Sikh leader Harchand Singh Longowai to settle the three-year Punjab crisis [1]

The Sinking of the Rainbow Warrior

1985 French DGSE officers Dominique Prieur and Alain Mafart are arrested and charged with murder over the bombing of the Rainbow Warrior

  • 1986 SF Federal jury convicts navy radioman Jerry Whitworth of espionage
  • 1986 13th Commonwealth Games open in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1987 IBM-PC DOS Version 3.3 (updated) released
  • 1987 USSR performs underground nuclear Test
  • 1988 US Open Women's Golf, Baltimore CC: Liselotte Neumann of Sweden wins her only major title, 3 strokes ahead of runner-up Patty Sheehan
  • 1988 US and Jamaica play scoreless tie, in 2nd round of 1990 world soccer cup
  • 1988 75th Tour de France won by Pedro Delgado of Spain
  • 1989 Paula Gwynn, 22, crowned 21st Miss Black America
  • 1990 Ms. Magazine hits newsstands again after an 8 month hiatus
  • 1990 US warships in Persian Gulf placed on alert after Iraq masses nearly 30,000 troops near its border with Kuwait
  • 1991 Ottawa Rough Riders Board of Directors resign
  • 1991 Universityof Manchester scientist announce finding a planet outside of solar system

Sports History

1992 Faye Vincent reinstates Yankee owner George Steinbrenner (eff 3/1/93)

  • 1992 Vickers Viscount crashes, 70 die
  • 1992 Shankar Dayal Sharma is elected ninth Indian President
  • 1993 Met Vince Coleman injures 3 when he throws cherry bomb at Dodger fans
  • 1993 NY Met Anthony Young loses record 27th straight
  • 1994 32nd Tennis Fed Cup: Spain beats USA in Frankfurt Germany (3-0)
  • 1994 US Open Women's Golf, Indianwood G & CC: Patty Sheehan wins her second title in 3 years, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Tammie Green; 5th of her 6 major titles
  • 1994 Asociación de Estados del Caribe (AEC) forms
  • 1994 Bodo kills 37 Muslims in Bashbari NE India

Sports History

1994 Tour de France: Miguel Induráin of Spain wins 4th consecutive Tour, 5' 39" ahead of Piotr Ugrumov; Djamolidine Abdoujaparov points winner

  • 1994 Federation Cup Women's Tennis, Frankfurt, Germany: Spain retains title with 3-0 win over US; Arantxa Sánchez Vicario clinches victory with 6-2, 6-1 win over Lindsay Davenport
  • 1998 Russell Eugene Weston Jr. bursts into the United States Capitol and opens fire killing two police officers. He is later ruled to be incompetent to stand trial.

Film Release

1998 "Saving Private Ryan", directed by Steven Spielberg, starring Tom Hanks, Edward Burns and Matt Damon, is released (Academy Awards Best Director 1999)

  • 2001 Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the last Tsar of Bulgaria when he was a child, is sworn in as Prime Minister of Bulgaria, becoming the first monarch in history to regain political power through democratic election to a different office.
  • 2001 An Iranian warship in the Caspian Sea threatens a BP oil exploration ship off the coast of Azerbaijan
  • 2002 James Traficant is expelled from the United States House of Representatives on a vote of 420 to 1

Film & TV History

2002 On 200th anniversary of his birth French author Alexandre Dumas' ('The Three Musketeers') ashes are interred in the Panthéon in Paris in a televised ceremony

Sports History

2005 92nd Tour de France: no winner; Lance Armstrong retires after winning a record seventh consecutive victory but disqualified in 2012 for doping

Golf Tournament

2005 British Senior Open Men's Golf, Royal Aberdeen: Tom Watson wins his second Open Senior title in a playoff with Ireland's Des Smyth

  • 2007 Libya frees all six of the Medics in the HIV trial in Libya
  • 2008 41st San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center
  • 2009 FINA Congress votes to ban all body-length swimsuits; men's suits to maximally cover from the waist to knee, and women's from shoulder to knee; fabric must be a "textile" or woven material; effective 1 January 2010
  • 2011 98th Tour de France won by Cadel Evans of Australia; first and only Australian to win the event
  • 2011 British Senior Open Men's Golf, Walton Heath: Russ Cochran wins by 2 shots from fellow American Mark Calcavecchia
  • 2011 Copa América Final, River Plate Stadium, Buenos Aires: Diego Forlán scores twice as Uruguay beats Paraguay, 3–0 to earn their 15th title
  • 2012 Four barrels containing 248 human fetuses are found in Sverdlovsk, Russia
  • 2012 John Dramani becomes President of Ghana after the death of President John Atta Mills

Historic Publication

2012 Danielle Steel’s novel “Friends Forever: A Novel” is published

  • 2013 22 are left dead after a conflict between the Knights Templar Cartel and Mexican police in Michoacan
  • 2013 80 people are killed and 140 are injured after a high-speed train derails in Santiago de Compostela, Spain
  • 2014 116 people are killed after Air Algérie Flight 5017 crashed in Mali