On This Day

Historical Events on July 29

  • 362 Emperor Julianus of Constantinople's "School Edict" prohibited Christian teachers from using pagan literature which were standard texts for classical education at the time
  • 626 Avars under khagan Bajan begin siege of Constantinople (fails, preserving the eastern Roman empire)
  • 904 Thessalonica is sacked by Saracen pirates led by renegade Leo of Tripoli
  • 1014 Battle of Strumitsa-valley: Byzantine destroys Bulgarian armies
  • 1030 Battle of Stiklestad - Norwegian King Olaf II killed trying to reclaim the throne. One of the most famous Norwegian battles
  • 1179 Lando Sittino proclaimed (anti-)pope Innocent III
  • 1221 Emperor Go-Horikawa aged only 10 years old ascends to the Chrysanthemum Throne of Japan
  • 1560 Turkish fleet recaptures Djerba on Spanjaarden

Historic Event

1563 League of High Nobles routes King Philip II

  • 1566 Great Britain executes Agnes Waterhouse, the first British woman convicted of witchcraft in Chelmsford, England

Royal Coronation

1567 James VI is crowned King of Scots at Stirling

  • 1579 Antwerp request union with Utrecht
  • 1579 Spanish King Philip II arrests plotters Antonio Perez and Princess van Eboli
  • 1585 University of Franeker/ University of Friesland opens in the Netherlands
  • 1588 The Battle of Gravelines - Spanish Armada damaged and scattered by the English fleet
  • 1588 Duke Farneses troops ready for invasion of England

Historic Event

1609 Samuel de Champlain shoots and kills two Iroquois chiefs at Ticonderoga, New York setting the stage for French-Iroquois conflicts for the next 150 years

  • 1634 Dutch fleet under Johannes van Walbeeck lands on Curacao
  • 1655 Biggest townhall in the world opens in Amsterdam
  • 1676 Nathaniel Bacon declared a rebel for assembling frontiersmen to protect settlers from Indians
  • 1693 War of the Grand Alliance: Battle of Landen/Neerwinden - France wins Pyrrhic victory over Allied forces in the Netherlands
  • 1715 10 Spanish treasure galleons sunk off Florida coast by a hurricane
  • 1751 1st international world title prize fight: Jack Stack of England, beats challenger M. Petit of France in 29 mins in England
  • 1773 1st schoolhouse west of Allegheny Mountains completed, Schoenbrunn, Ohio
  • 1773 Santa Marta earthquakes destroy much of the capitol city of Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala, New Spain (now Antigua, Guatemala); over 500 killed instantly, and 600 more die later from resulting disease and starvation
  • 1783 Skaptar Volcano on Iceland erupts killing about 9,000
  • 1786 1st newspaper published west of Alleghanies, Pitts Gazette
  • 1793 John Graves Simcoe decides to build a fort and settlement at Toronto, having sailed into the bay
  • 1794 African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas in Philadelphia, dedicated
  • 1835 1st sugar plantation in Hawaii established
  • 1836 Inauguration of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
  • 1847 Cumberland School of Law founded in Lebanon, Tennessee, USA. At the end of 1847 only 15 law schools exist in the United States
  • 1848 Irish Potato Famine: Tipperary Revolt - an unsuccessful nationalist revolt against British rule put down by police
  • 1851 Annibale de Gasparis discovers asteroid 15 Eunomia
  • 1858 Treaty of Amity and Commerce/Harris Treaty signed between US and Japan opening Japanese ports to trade
  • 1862 American Civil War: Confederate spy Belle Boyd is arrested by Union troops and detained at the Old Capitol Prison in Washington, D.C.
  • 1864 American Civil War: Battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia, 3rd and last day
  • 1864 American Civil War: Battle of Macon, Georgia (Stoneman's Raid)
  • 1874 Major Walter Copton Wingfield patents a portable tennis court

Historic Event

1884 Society of Independent Artists founded in Paris by Albert Dubois-Pillet, Odilon Redon, Georges Seurat and Paul Signac

  • 1899 1st motorcycle race, Manhattan Beach, NY
  • 1899 Southern California Golf Association forms
  • 1899 The First Hague Convention concerning land war customs and laws is signed
  • 1900 In Italy, King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by Italian-born anarchist Gaetano Bresci
  • 1902 Union of Orthodox Rabbis of US and Canada forms

Agreement of Interest

1905 US Secretary of War William Howard Taft makes secret agreement with Japanese Prime Minister Katsura agreeing to Japanese free rein in Korea in return for non-interference with the US in the Philippines

  • 1906 4th Tour de France won by René Pottier of France
  • 1907 1st helicopter ascent in Douai, France

Historic Event

1907 Sir Robert Baden-Powell forms Boy Scouts in England

  • 1908 St Louis Browns' future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Rube Waddell strikes out 16 Philadelphia A's in 5-4 win against his previous team at Sportsman's Park II, St. Louis
  • 1910 JWEL Hilgers is 1st Dutchman to fly above Dutch territory
  • 1911 Boston Red Sox Joe Wood no-hits St Louis Browns, 5-0
  • 1913 Independence of the Principality of Albania recognized by the Conference of London
  • 1914 1st transcontinental phone link made between New York City and San Francisco
  • 1914 Austrian-Hungary bombs Belgrade
  • 1914 British fleet leaves Portland/passes Straits of Dover
  • 1914 Russia mobilize troops along Austrian boundary
  • 1914 In response to Austria's declaration of war on Serbia, Russian diplomats and general urge general mobilization, but the Tsar calls for partial mobilization

Sports History

1915 Pirate Honus Wagner at 41, hits a grand slam HR

  • 1920 1st transcontinental airmail flight from New York to San Francisco
  • 1920 Mexican rebel Pancho Villa surrenders
  • 1920 Construction of the Link River Dam begins as part of the Klamath Reclamation Project, Oregon

Sports History

1921 Cleveland's 125th anniversary celebration: Cy Young, 54, pitches 2 inn

  • 1921 New rules of language assumed (equal rights Flemings/Walen Belgium)

Historic Event

1921 Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party

  • 1922 Greek troops defeat Turkish forces and are on their way to Constantinople, but the Allies forbid them taking the city

Historic Event

1923 Albert Einstein speaks on pacifism in Berlin

  • 1923 KPD holds struggle day against fascism, in Germany
  • 1924 Paul Runyan wins PGA golf championship
  • 1927 1st iron lung installed (Bellevue hospital, NY)
  • 1927 Phil Mead scores his 100th 100, Hampshire v Northants

Film & TV History

1928 Test footage first created for Walt Disney's "Steamboat Willie" with Mickey Mouse

  • 1928 Cleveland Indians score 17 in 1st 2 inns to beat Yanks 24-6 at Dunn Field they also set a record with 24 singles in 1 game
  • 1928 23rd Davis Cup: France beats USA in Paris (4-1)
  • 1928 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Paris, France: Home team retains title as Henri Cochet beats American Bill Tilden 9-7, 8-6, 6-4 for 3-1 lead; ends 4-1
  • 1930 115°F (46°C), Holly Springs, Mississippi (state record)
  • 1930 Airship R100, 1st passenger-carrying flight from England to Canada
  • 1932 Great Depression: in Washington, D.C., U.S. troops disperse the last of the "Bonus Army" of World War I veterans

Historic Event

1933 Police shootout with Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow's gang in Iowa, leaves one member, Clyde's brother Buck Barrow dead and one captured. Bonnie and Clyde escape.

PGA Championship

1934 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Park CC: Paul Runyan wins first of his 2 PGA crowns, defeating Craig Wood in 38 holes

  • 1934 28th Tour de France won by Antonin Magne of France
  • 1935 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon: 3rd straight GB title as Pat Hughes & Raymond Tuckey beat Americans Wilmer Allison & John Van Ryn 6-2, 1-6, 6-8, 6-3, 6-3 for unassailable 3-0 lead; ends 5-0
  • 1937 Japanese troops occupies Peking and Tientsin
  • 1937 Tongzhou Incident: East Hopei Army mutinies against Japanese troops and civilians
  • 1938 Olympic National Park established in Washington state, longest undeveloped coastline in America
  • 1940 SV. Urk Dutch soccer team forms
  • 1942 Eastern Blvd in the Bronx renamed Bruckner Boulevard, in honor of former Bronx Borough President and US Congressman, Henry Bruckner
  • 1943 1 million inhabitants flee Hamburg
  • 1943 Nazi's evacuate Hollandsche Theater in Amsterdam
  • 1944 Allied air force bomb Germany for 6 hours
  • 1944 Frank McCormick (Reds) HR off Ace Adams (Giants) in both games of DH
  • 1944 US 4th Armour division occupiers Avranches (Normandy, France)
  • 1947 Gas leak explodes in a beauty parlor, 10 women die in Harrisonburg, Virginia

Olympic Games

1948 King George VI opens the XIV Summer Olympic Games at Wembley Stadium in London

  • 1949 Moscow ends the blockade of West Berlin
  • 1950 Pee Wee Reese, hits the 3,000th Dodger home run
  • 1951 38th Tour de France won by Hugo Koblet of Switzerland
  • 1952 1st nonstop transpacific flight by a jet
  • 1953 US bomber shot down by Soviet Air Defence Forces in the Sea of Japan, north of Vladivostok

Historic Publication

1954 Publication of "Fellowship of the Ring" 1st volume of "Lord of the Rings" by J. R. R. Tolkien by George Allen and Unwin in London

  • 1955 Smokey Burgess hits 3 HRs to help Pirates beat Reds 16-5
  • 1955 USSR performs nuclear Test
  • 1956 US Open Women's Golf, Northland CC: Kathy Cornelius wins her only major title in an 18-hole playoff by 7 strokes over amateur Barbara McIntire

Historic Event

1956 Jacques Cousteau's Calypso anchors in 7,500 m of water (record)

  • 1956 WCKT (now WSVN) TV channel 7 in Miami, Florida (IND) begins broadcasting

Boxing Title Fight

1957 Floyd Patterson TKOs Tommy Jackson in 10 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1957 International Atomic Energy Agency formed by UN

Film & TV History

1957 Jack Paar's "The Tonight show" premieres on NBC

Historic Event

1958 US President Eisenhower signs into law National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958

  • 1958 Southern Pacific Bay ferries stop running in San Francisco
  • 1959 First United States Congress elections in Hawaii as a state of the Union

Music History

1961 Bob Dylan is not seriously injured in car accident in New York City

  • 1961 Philadelphia Phillies lose, 4-3 to SF Giants at Connie Mack Stadium; 1st of MLB record 23 straight defeats
  • 1961 Wallis and Futuna Islands become French overseas territory
  • 1965 Beatles movie "Help" has Royal World Premiere at the London Pavilion Theatre in the West End of London; of Princess Margaret and the Earl of Snowdon attend
  • 1965 Gemini 5 returned after 12d 7h 11m 53s
  • 1965 Major league record 26 strikeouts, Phillies (16), Pirates (10)
  • 1965 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1966 Bob Dylan hurt in motorcycle accident near Woodstock, New York
  • 1966 In Nigerian counter-coup, Head of State General Aguiyi Ironsi murdered, Yakubu Gowon appointed his successor
  • 1967 Fire aboard carrier USS Forrestal in Gulf of Tonkin kills 134
  • 1967 Moderate quake (6.5) strikes Caracas Venezuela causing severe damage
  • 1968 Cincinnati Red George Culver no hits Phillies, 6-1
  • 1968 Gram Parsons refuses to play with the Byrds in South Africa
  • 1968 Mount Arenal, Costa Rica kills 80 in Pelee-type eruption
  • 1969 Mariner 6 begins transmitting far-encounter photos of Mars
  • 1970 6 days of race rioting in Hartford, Connecicut
  • 1972 France performs nuclear Test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1973 Led Zeppelin has more than $200,000 in cash stolen from a safety-deposit box at the New York Hilton hotel
  • 1973 Greek plebiscite chooses republic over monarchy
  • 1974 2nd impeachment vote against Nixon by House Judiciary Committee
  • 1974 Episcopal Church ordains female priests
  • 1974 France performs nuclear Test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1974 MLB St Louis Cardinals Lou Brock steals his 700th base
  • 1975 Ford became 1st US President to visit Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz
  • 1975 Military coup by General Mohammed leads to firing of President Jakubu Gowon
  • 1976 USSR performs underground nuclear Test
  • 1976 In New York City, the "Son of Sam" kills one person and seriously wounds another in first of a series of attacks
  • 1978 American Penny Dean swims English Channel in record 7 hrs, 40 min; record holds until 1995

Sports History

1978 On Old Timer's Day, NY Yankees announce that Billy Martin will return as NY Yankee manager in 1980 and Bob Lemon will become GM

Golf Tournament

1979 Canadian Open Women's Golf (Peter Jackson Classic), St. George's CC: Amy Alcott wins by 3 from Nancy Lopez for her first major title

Music History

1980 David Bowie stars in dramatic stage play "The Elephant Man" at the Auditorium Theater in Denver, Colorado

  • 1981 Cleveland Metroparks Zoo Amphitheater is dedicated (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • 1981 Former Iranian president Bani Sadr flees to Paris
  • 1981 Anti-apartheid protesters against the Springbok rugby tour are confronted by police who use batons to stop them marching to South Africa’s Consul in New Zealand
  • 1983 "Friday Night Videos" premieres on NBC TV

Baseball Record

1983 Steve Garvey ends his NL record 1,207 consecutive game streak

  • 1984 Canadian Open Women's Golf (du Maurier Classic), St. George's CC: Juli Inkster wins by 1 from Ayako Okamoto of Japan
  • 1984 American cyclists Alexi Grewal and Connie Carpenter take out the road race double around the streets of Mission Viejo at the LA Olympics
  • 1985 19th NASA Space Shuttle Mission (51-G): Challenger 8 launches
  • 1986 Bomb attack in West-Beirut, 30 killed
  • 1986 Dennis Amiss scores his 100th 100, Warwickshire v Lancashire
  • 1986 NY jury rules NFL violated antitrust laws, awards USFL $1 in damages

Agreement of Interest

1987 Ben & Jerry's Ice Cream and Jerry Garcia agree on new flavor: Cherry Garcia - cherry ice cream with cherries and fudge flakes

  • 1988 FDIC bails out 1st Republic Bank, Dallas, with $4 billion

Historic Event

1988 Gorbachev pushes plan to elect a Soviet president and parliament in March 1989

  • 1988 Judge orders NASA to release unedited tape from Challenger cockpit
  • 1988 South African government bans anti-apartheid film "Cry Freedom"
  • 1988 Baltimore trades Mike Boddicker to the Red Sox for Brady Anderson and Curt Schilling
  • 1988 Rick Sutcliffe swipes home, 1st pitcher since Pascual Perez in 1984 to steal home
  • 1989 Javier Sotomayor of Cuba sets high jump record (8'0") in San Juan

Sports History

1989 MLB Philadelphia Phillies retire Steve Carlton's # 32

  • 1989 Vince Coleman, record streak stopped at 50 straight stolen bases
  • 1989 White Sox trade Harold Baines to Rangers for Scott Fletcher & Sam Sosa
  • 1990 26th Curtis Cup: US wins 14-4
  • 1990 28th Tennis Fed Cup: USA beats USSR in Atlanta Georgia (2-1)

LPGA Championship

1990 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Bethesda CC: Beth Daniel wins her only major title by 1 stroke from fellow American Rosie Jones

  • 1990 Boston Red Sox set major league record with 12 doubles in a game
  • 1990 South Africa Communist Party begins 1st legal conference

Federation Cup

1990 Federation Cup Women's Tennis, Norcross, Georgia: US retains title with 2-1 victory over Soviet Union; Gigi Fernández & Zina Garrison-Jackson clinch final with 6-4, 6-3 win against Larisa Neiland & Natasha Zvereva

  • 1991 1st Sunday Night game at Shea Stadium (Mets beat Cubs 6-0)

Sports History

1991 Yankee Stadium fans throw cups and blowup dolls at Jose Canseco

  • 1992 Ira Lewis's one-act drama"Chinese Coffee" closes at Circle in the Square Theater, NYC, after 18 performances
  • 1992 Yevgeni Sadovyi of the Unified Team swims world 400m record (3:45.00) to wrap up 200-400m freestyle double at the Barcelona Olympics
  • 1992 Ray Sharkey, actor (Wiseguys), arrested for narcotic possession
  • 1992 Arkadiusz Skrzypaszek of Poland (5,559 points) beats Hungarian Attila Mizsér by 113 points to win the Pentathlon gold at the Barcelona Olympics; Poland also wins teams gold
  • 1993 Cincinnati Reds pitcher Thomas Browning arrested for marijuana possession
  • 1993 Walter Koenig (Chekov in Star Trek) suffers a mild heart attack
  • 1993 Israeli Court of Appeal overturns (5-0) conviction of John Demjaujuk, saying not enough evidence he is Concentration Camp Ivan the Terrible
  • 1994 200,000 Muslims demand the death of feminist writer Taslima Nasrin in Bangladesh
  • 1994 Corrupt Italian ex-premier Craxi gets 8½ year jail sentenced
  • 1994 Henny Eman's Aruban Peoples Party wins parliamentary election in Aruba
  • 1994 India army kills 27 Muslim militants
  • 1994 Jesse Timmedequas rapes and murders Megan Kanka, 7 (results in Megan's Law)
  • 1994 American minister and anti-abortionist Paul Jennings Hill murders Dr. John Britton and Britton's bodyguard, retired Air Force Lieutenant Colonel James Barrett, outside of an abortion clinic in Pensacola, Florida
  • 1995 Carolina Panthers beat Jacksonville Jaguars in their 1st NFL exhibition game 20-14
  • 1996 The controversial child protection portion of the Communications Decency Act (1996) is struck down as too broad by a U.S. federal court

Sports History

1996 MLB Los Angeles Dodgers manager Tommy Lasorda retires, with a record of 1599-1439, 4 National League Pennants, and 2 World Series championships.

Sports History

2001 88th Tour de France: no winner (Lance Armstrong disqualified)

  • 2001 British Senior Open Men's Golf, Royal County Down: Australian Ian Stanley wins in a playoff with Bob Charles of New Zealand
  • 2001 Copa América Final, Estadio El Campín, Bogotá: Defender Iván Córdoba scores winner as home team Columbia edge Mexico, 1-0

Film Premiere

2001 "The Princess Diaries", starring Anne Hathaway (in her film debut), featuring Julie Andrews, and directed by Garry Marshall, premieres at El Capitan theater in Hollywood

  • 2005 Astronomers announce their discovery of dwarf planet Eris
  • 2007 94th Tour de France won by Alberto Contador of Spain
  • 2007 British Senior Open Men's Golf, Muirfield: Tom Watson wins his 3rd Open Senior title by 1 shot from Mark O'Meara and Stewart Ginn
  • 2009 Temperature reaches 103°F in Seattle, Washington, the hottest day on record [1]
  • 2012 Tropical Storm Khanun kills 88 people and leaves 60,000 homeless in North Korea
  • 2012 British Senior Open Men's Golf, Turnberry: Fred Couples wins by 2 strokes from fellow American Gary Hallberg