On This Day

Historical Events on July 4

Events 1 - 200 of 291

  • 836 Pactum Sicardi, peace between the Principality of Benevento and the Duchy of Naples
  • 993 Saint Ulrich of Augsburg is canonized.
  • 1054 Brightest known supernova SN 1054 (creates the Crab Nebula) 1st reported by Chinese astronomers
  • 1120 Jordan II of Capua is anointed as prince after his infant nephew's death

Victory in Battle

1187 Battle of Hittin (Tiberias): Saladin defeats Reinoud of Châtillon

  • 1301 Battle at Breukelen: Holland vs Lichtenberg
  • 1359 Francesco II Ordelaffi of Forlì surrenders to the Papal commander Gil de Albornoz.
  • 1415 Angelo Correr renounces his claim to the Papacy as Pope Gregory XII
  • 1453 41 Jewish martyrs burned at stake at Breslau

Election of Interest

1534 Christian III is elected King of Denmark and Norway in the town of Rye

Victory in Battle

1610 Battle of Klushino: King Sigismund III's Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth army beats Russia and Sweden

  • 1634 The city of Trois-Rivières is founded in New France, later to become the Canadian province of Quebec
  • 1636 City of Providence, Rhode Island form
  • 1652 Prince of Condé starts blood bath in Paris
  • 1653 English Barebones Parliament goes into session
  • 1672 States of Holland declares "Eternal Edict" void
  • 1693 Battle at Boussu-lez-Walcourt: French-English vs Dutch army

Victory in Battle

1708 Battle of Holowczyn: Swedish King Charles XII defeats superior Russian force in surprising vctory

Historic Event

1754 George Washington gives Fort Necessity to France

  • 1774 Orangetown Resolutions adopted in the Province of New York, one of many protests against the British Parliament's Coercive Acts

Liberty Bell

1776 According to popular legend the Liberty Bell rings for the Second Continental Congress

  • 1779 French fleet occupies Grenada

Election of Interest

1782 William Petty becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain following the death of Charles Watson-Wentworth

Historic Event

1785 James Hutton, geologist, publicly reads an abstract of his theory of uniformitarianism for the first time at the meeting of the Royal Society of Edinburgh

  • 1789 1st US tariff act signed by President Washington
  • 1796 1st Independence Day celebration is held
  • 1802 1st US Military Academy opens at West Point, NY

Historic Event

1803 The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people by President Thomas Jefferson

  • 1810 French troops occupy Amsterdam
  • 1817 Chief Engineer James Geddes begins construction on the Erie Canal, (Rome, New York), one of the first great engineering works in North America

Historic Event

1819 William Herschel makes last telescopic observation of 1819 comet

United States Declaration of Independence

1826 Past presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Adams both die on the 50th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence, President John Quincy Adams calls "visible and palpable remarks of Divine Favor"

  • 1827 Slavery abolished in New York
  • 1828 Construction begins on B & O (Baltimore-Ohio) 1st US passenger RR
  • 1829 Cornerstone laid for 2nd US mint at Chestnut and Juniper St, Philadelphia, the "Grecian Temple"
  • 1829 The first London bus "omnibus", operated by George Shillibeer, begins service between Marylebone Road and Bank Junction
  • 1831 "America (My Country 'Tis of Thee)", with lyric by Samuel Francis Smith, has 1st public performance at Park Street Church in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1836 Wisconsin Territory forms
  • 1837 Grand Junction Railway, the world's first long-distance railway, opens between Birmingham and Liverpool
  • 1838 Iowa Territory is organised from Wisconsin Territory, lasting until 1846
  • 1838 Huskar Colliery Mining Disaster in Silkstone England: mining pit floods drown 26 children, leads to 1842 'Mines and Collieries Act' bans women and children working underground
  • 1840 The Cunard Line's 700 ton wooden paddle steamer RMS Britannia departs from Liverpool bound for Halifax, Nova Scotia on the first transatlantic crossing with a scheduled end

Historic Event

1845 Henry David Thoreau moves into his shack on Walden Pond

  • 1845 Texas Congress votes for annexation to US

Historic Publication

1855 In Brooklyn, New York, the first edition of Walt Whitman's book of poems, "Leaves of Grass" is published

  • 1861 In a special session of 27th Congress Lincoln requests 400,000 troops
  • 1861 Skirmish at Harper's Ferry, West Virginia

Historic Event

1862 Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) creates Alice in Wonderland for Alice Liddell on a family boat trip on the river Isis (Thames) in Oxford

  • 1862 R Morgan's: Tomkinsville, KY to Somerset, KY [->JUL 28]
  • 1863 Boise, Idaho, founded (now capital of Idaho)
  • 1863 Failed Confederate assault on Helena Arkansas (640 casualties)

Historic Event

1863 General Lee's army withdraws from Gettysburg

  • 1863 Skirmish at Smithburg, Tennessee
  • 1863 Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to Union forces
  • 1865 First edition of "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" by Lewis Carroll is published
  • 1866 Firecracker thrown in wood starts fire destroying half of Portland, Maine, US
  • 1868 Battle at Ueno, Japan: last Tokugawa armies defeated
  • 1868 Maori leader Te Kooti and 300 of his followers captured the schooner Rifleman in the Chatham Islands and sail for New Zealand; landing at Whareongaonga six days later
  • 1873 Aquarium opens in Woodward Gardens, San Francisco
  • 1874 Social Democratic Workmen's Party of North America formed
  • 1875 White Democrats kill several blacks in terrorist attacks in Vicksburg
  • 1876 1st public exhibition of electric light in San Francisco
  • 1876 Batholdi visits Bedloe Island, future home of his Statue of Liberty
  • 1879 Africaner Union forms by Rev SJ du Toit at Cape colony
  • 1879 Battle at Ulundi: Lord Chelmsford beats Zulu King Cetshwayo

Historic Event

1881 Booker T. Washington establishes Tuskegee Institute (Alabama)

  • 1882 Telegraph Hill Observatory opens in San Francisco
  • 1883 Buffalo Bill Cody presents 1st wild west show, North Platte, Nebraska
  • 1884 1st US bullfight held (Dodge City Ks)
  • 1886 1st scheduled transcontinental passenger train reaches Port Moody, British Columbia

Historic Event

1887 Future founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, begins his studies at Sindh Madressatul Islam University in Karachi

  • 1888 1st organized rodeo competition held, Prescott, Arizona
  • 1889 Washington state constitutional convention holds 1st meeting
  • 1890 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Lena Rice becomes the only Irish female to win at Wimbledon beating May Jacks 6-4, 6-1
  • 1891 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Wilfred Baddeley wins first of 3 Wimbledon singles championships; beats Joshua Pim 6-4, 1-6, 7-5, 6-0
  • 1892 James Keir Hardie chosen 1st socialist in British Lower house
  • 1892 Western Samoa changes the International Date Line, so that year there were 367 days in this country, with two occurrences of Monday, July 4
  • 1892 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Defending champion Wilfred Baddeley beats Joshua Pim 4-6, 6-3, 6-3, 6-2
  • 1894 Elwood Haynes successfully tests one of 1st US autos at 6 MPH
  • 1894 Republic of Hawaii proclaimed, Sanford B Dole as president
  • 1895 Katherine Lee Bates publishes "America the Beautiful"
  • 1898 French liner "La Bourgogne" collides with bark Cromartyshire, 560 die
  • 1898 US flag hoisted over Wake Island (Spanish–American War)
  • 1900 Williams Jennings Bryan nominated as Democratic Party presidential candidate, USA

Historic Event

1901 William Howard Taft, former Federal judge, is installed as first governor-general of the Philippines and declares amnesty for all insurgents who take an oath of allegiance

Historic Event

1902 Civil government is established in the Philippines by a proclamation from US President Theodore Roosevelt, who offers a general amnesty to insurgents

  • 1903 Pacific Cable (San Francisco, Hawaii, Guam, Philippines) opens, President Theodore Roosevelt sends a message
  • 1904 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon: Laurence Doherty & Reggie Doherty beat Paul de Borman & William le Maire de Warzée 6-0, 6-1, 6-3 to give British Isles an unassailable 3-0 lead over Belgium (ends 5-0)

Hall of Fame

1905 Baseball Hall of Fame pitchers Rube Waddell (A's) and Cy Young (Boston) matchup in 20-inning classic; Philadelphia win, 4-2

  • 1906 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Laurence Doherty beats Frank Riseley 6-4, 4-6, 6-2, 6-3 for his 5th straight Wimbledon singles title
  • 1906 Great Britain, France, and Italy declare independence of Ethiopia (Abyssinia), but all lay claim to their own 'spheres of influence' in that land

Boxing Title Fight

1907 Canadian world heavyweight boxing champion Tommy Burns KOs Bill Squires of Australia in round 1 in Colma, California, his 6th title defence

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

1907 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Australian Norman Brookes becomes the first non-Englishman and left-hander to win Wimbledon beating Arthur Gore 6-4, 6-2, 6-2

  • 1908 New York Giants pitcher George "Hooks" Wiltse no-hits Philadelphia Phillies, 1-0 in 10 inn

Boxing Title Fight

1910 "Fight of the Century": Jack Johnson beats James J. Jeffries by TKO in 15 in Reno, Nevada to retain his world heavyweight boxing title

  • 1910 The US Congress pass the Mann-Elkins Act, an important piece of railroad reform legislation
  • 1910 In a mutual defense agreements, Japan and Russia delineate their spheres of interest in Manchuria
  • 1911 105°F (41°C) at Vernon, Vermont (state record)
  • 1911 106°F (41°C) at Nashua, New Hampshire (state record)

Baseball Record

1911 Chicago White Sox pitcher Ed Walsh halts Ty Cobb's 40-game hitting streak as Cobb goes 0 for 4 in a 7-3 win over Detroit Tigers at Bennett Park

  • 1912 Detroit Tiger George Mullen no-hits St Louis Browns, 7-0
  • 1912 Jack Johnson beats "Fireman" Jim Flynn by disqualification in 9 in Las Vegas to retain world heavyweight boxing title
  • 1913 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: In an all-British final Dorothea Chambers beats Winifred McNair 6-0, 6-4
  • 1914 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothea Chambers wins her 7th and last Wimbledon singles title beating Ethel Larcombe 7-5, 6-4
  • 1914 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Australian Norman Brookes beats 4-time defending champion Anthony Wilding of New Zealand 6-4, 6-4, 7-5

Red October

1917 Troops of the Russian Provisional Government open fire on protesters in Petrograd during the 'July Days' of unrest

  • 1918 Altar dedicated at full-scale replica of Stonehenge at Maryhill, Washington
  • 1919 ADGB (Allgemeine Deutsche Gewerkschaftsbund) party forms

Boxing Title Fight

1919 Jack Dempsey beats champion Jess Willard, retired in 3rd round in Toledo, Ohio for world heavyweight championship

  • 1920 The provisional government of Siberia's Maritime Province agrees to hand over parts of the strategic oil- and coal-rich Sakhalin Islands to Japan
  • 1923 Jack Dempsey beats Tommy Gibbons on points over 15 hard fought rounds in Shelby, Montana to retain world heavyweight boxing title
  • 1924 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Kitty McKane of England beats American Helen Wills 4-6, 6-4, 6-4 for her 1st of 2 Wimbledon singles titles
  • 1925 44 die when Dreyfus Hotel in Boston collapses
  • 1925 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: In an all-French final René Lacoste beats Jean Borotra 6-3, 6-3, 4-6, 8-6
  • 1925 A's Lefty Grove beats Yanks Herb Pennock 1-0 in 15 innings
  • 1926 NSDAP-party forms in Weimar

Historic Event

1927 Sukarno and friends form the pro-Indonesian independence party, the PNI (Perserikatan Nasional Indonesia) in Batavia, Dutch East Indies

  • 1927 First flight of the Lockheed Vega.
  • 1929 AM radio station WOWO, Indiana's transmitter burns down

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

1930 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Helen Moody wins 4th straight Wimbledon singles beating fellow American Elizabeth Ryan 6-2, 6-2

  • 1931 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Sidney Wood Jr beats fellow American Frank Shields in a walkover - ankle injury
  • 1931 1st fireworks are held at Cleveland Stadium
  • 1931 1st trailside museum opens in Cleveland Metroparks

Sports History

1932 Don Bradman scores a North American record 260 v Western Ontario in Guelph during Australian cricket team's Goodwill Tour of North America

  • 1933 Work begins on Oakland Bay Bridge
  • 1934 Jordanians revolt in Amsterdam after reduction in employment

Historic Invention

1934 Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb

  • 1936 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: American Helen Jacobs wins her only Wimbledon title beating Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling 6-2, 4-6, 7-5
  • 1936 League of Nations ends sanctions against Italy after Italian takeover of Abyssinia
  • 1938 Phillies complete move to Shribe Park in Philadelphia, lose 10-5 to Boston Bees
  • 1938 France-Turkish friendship treaty
  • 1939 Red Sox 3rd baseman Jim Tabor hits record-tying 2 grand slams in one MLB game, 18-12 win v Phillies

Sports History

1939 Lou Gehrig is first MLB player to have his number (4) retired on his "Appreciation Day" at Yankee Stadium, makes iconic "luckiest man" speech

  • 1940 British destroys French battle fleet at Oran, Algeria, 1267 die
  • 1941 Latvia partisans shoot 416 Jews dead
  • 1941 Politburo of Yugoslav communist party reorganizes

Historic Event

1941 Howard Florey and Norman Heatley meet for 1st time, 11 days later they successfully recreate penicillin

  • 1942 1st American bombing missions over Nazi Germany-occupied Europe (WWII)
  • 1942 US air offensive against Nazi Germany begins

Historic Event

1942 Siege of Sevastopol ends with the surrender of Soviet forces and after massive German bombing raids that leave just 11 city buildings undamaged

  • 1944 1,100 US guns fire 4th of July salute at German lines in Normandy
  • 1944 Allied assault on Carpiquet airport at Caen
  • 1944 Gestapo arrests German Social Democrat Julius Leber
  • 1945 Field Marshal Henry Maitland Wilson gives Britain's agreement to use the atomic bomb against Japan at the Combined Policy Committee in Washington D. C.
  • 1946 Anti Jewish riots in Kielce Poland, 42 die
  • 1946 Philippines gains independence from US

Historic Event

1946 President Manuel Roxas inaugurated as the 5th President of the Philippines and the first president of the Third Republic at the Independence Grandstand, Manila

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

1947 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Jack Kramer wins his only Wimbledon singles title beating fellow American Tom Brown 6-1, 6-3, 6-2

  • 1947 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Liverpool: Irishman Fred Daly wins his only Open, 1 stroke clear of Reg Horne and Frank Stranahan
  • 1950 Boston Braves slugger Sid Gordon ties MLB season grand slam record (4) with a bases loaded hit vs Phillies
  • 1950 Harry Truman signs public law 600 (Puerto Ricans write own constitution)
  • 1950 The first broadcast by Radio Free Europe.
  • 1952 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Australian Frank Sedgman wins his only Wimbledon singles title beating Czech Jaroslav Drobný 4-6, 6-2, 6-3, 6-2
  • 1952 Canadian Currency, Mint and Exchange Fund Act allows gold coins of $5, $10, and $20 to be minted

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

1953 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Maureen Connolly wins 3rd leg of her Grand Slam beating fellow American Doris Hart 8-6, 7-5

  • 1953 Imre Nagy succeeds Matyas Rákosi as premier of Hungary
  • 1954 WMSL (WYUR, now WAFF) TV channel 48 in Huntsville, AL (ABC) begins
  • 1954 FIFA World Cup Final, Wankdorf Stadium, Bern, Switzerland: Helmut Rahn scores twice as West Germany beats Hungary, 3-2
  • 1954 Dr Sam Sheppard's wife Marilyn is murdered (he is accused of the crime)
  • 1954 Meat and all other food rationing officially ends in Britain, nine years after the end of World War II
  • 1956 Independence National Historical Park forms in Philadelphia
  • 1956 US most intense rain fall (1.23" in 1 minute) at Unionville Maryland
  • 1957 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts temporary tax increase

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

1958 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: In an all-Australian final Ashley Cooper wins his only Wimbledon singles title beating Neale Fraser 3-6, 6-3, 6-4, 13-11

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

1959 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Maria Bueno of Brazil wins her first of 3 Wimbledon singles titles beating Darlene Hard 6-4, 6-3

  • 1959 America's new 49-star flag honoring Alaska statehood unfurled
  • 1959 Cayman Islands separated from Jamaica, made a crown colony
  • 1959 Island Records founded in Jamaica
  • 1960 America's new 50-star flag honoring Hawaiian statehood unfurled

Baseball Record

1960 Yankees outfielder Mickey Mantle hits 3-run homer vs Washington, 18th MLB player to hit 300 HRs

  • 1961 Walt Disney is one of the two main speakers on the Independence Day in The Rebuild Hills at Skørping in Denmark
  • 1962 KIKU (now KHNL) TV channel 13 in Honolulu, HI (IND) 1st broadcast
  • 1964 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Brazilian Maria Bueno earns a 3rd Wimbledon singles title with a 6-4, 7-9, 6-3 win over Margaret Smith of Australia
  • 1964 Beachboys' "I Get Around" reaches #1
  • 1965 US Open Women's Golf, Atlantic City CC: Carol Mann wins by 2 shots from fellow American Kathy Cornelius

Music History

1966 Beatles attacked in the Philippines after (unintentionally) insulting Imelda Marcos

Historic Event

1966 LBJ signs Freedom of Information Act

  • 1967 Opening ceremony of Tassajara Zen Mountain Center
  • 1968 Arthur Kopit's "Indians" premieres in London
  • 1968 Radio astronomy satellite Explorer 38 launched
  • 1969 "Give Peace a Chance" by Plastic Ono Band is released in UK

Music History

1969 140,000 attend 2-day Atlanta Pop Festival in Byron, Georgia; performers include: Janis Joplin; Blood, Sweat & Tears; Chicago; Led Zeppelin; Delaney and Bonnie; Creedence Clearwater Revival, Canned Heat; Joe Cocker; Chuck Berry; Spirit; and Johnny Winter

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

1969 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Home favourite Ann Jones upsets 3-time defending champion Billie Jean King 3-6, 6-3, 6-2

  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1969 The Ohio Fireworks Derecho kills 18 Ohioans and destroys over 100 boats on Lake Erie.
  • 1970 100 injured in race rioting in Asbury Park, NJ

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

1970 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: In an all-Australian thriller, John Newcombe beats Ken Rosewall 5,7 6-3, 6-2, 3-6, 6-1

Radio Premiere

1970 Casey Kasem's "American Top 40" debuts on LA radio

  • 1970 Chartered Dan-Air Comet crashes into mountains north of Barcelona, Spain killing 112 vacationing Britons
  • 1970 The Falls Road curfew in North Ireland, imposed by the British Army while searching for IRA weapons, continues throughout the day; a man is killed by the British Army
  • 1971 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1972 The Royal Ulster Constabulary forward a file about the killings on 'Bloody Sunday' (30 January 1972) to the Director of Public Prosecutions for Northern Ireland
  • 1973 Alan Ayckbourne's "Absurd Person Singular," premieres in London
  • 1973 CARICOM - Caribbean Community & Common Market, forms
  • 1974 Mike Marshall goes 9-0 with 3 saves in 20 appearances in 30 days