Historical Events on July 5

Events 1 - 200 of 217

  • 649 St Martin I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 767 Duke of Nepi names his brother (leek) Pope Constantine II
  • 1166 Austrian town of Bad Kleinkirchheim is first mentioned, in an ecclesiastical document
  • 1294 Pietro del Murrone elected as Pope Coelestinus V
  • 1295 Scotland and France form an alliance, the beginnings of the Auld Alliance, against England
  • 1436 German emperor Sigismund signs peace with Hussieten
  • 1450 Pope Nicolas V names Walraven van Meurs bishop of Munster
  • 1596 English fleet under Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, captures Cadiz
  • 1610 John Guy sets sail from Bristol with 39 other colonists for Newfoundland
  • 1626 Battle at Lenz: Rebel Austrian Boers defeated
  • 1643 1st recorded tornado in US (Essex County, Massachusetts)

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1687 Isaac Newton's great work PRINCIPIA published by Royal Society in England. Outlines his laws of motion and universal gravitation.

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • 1750 Slave revolt on Curacao
  • 1770 Battles of Chesma and Larga between the Russian and Ottoman Empires
  • 1775 Second Continental Congress drafts the Olive Branch Petition to King George III
  • 1791 Jose Maria Narvaez discovers Point Grey (now Vancouver, British Columbia)

  • 1803 The convention of Artlenburg leads to the French occupation of Hanover (which had been ruled by the British king)
  • 1807 Second Battle of Buenos Aires lost by invading British forces

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1809 -6) Battle of Wagram - Napoleon beats archduke Charles

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1811 Venezuelan Declaration of Independence: 7 provinces declare themselves independent of Spain
  • 1813 War of 1812: Three weeks of British raids on Fort Schlosser, Black Rock and Plattsburgh, New York begin
  • 1814 Americans defeat British and Canadians at Chippewa, Ontario
  • 1830 France invades Algeria, begins a 40 year conquest
  • 1834 Provisional government forms in Oregon Country
  • 1841 Thomas Cook opens first travel agency
  • 1843 Committee of 9 appointed to establish civil government in Oregon Country

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1852 Frederick Douglass, fugitive slave, delivers his 'What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?' speech to the Ladies' Anti-Slavery Society in Rochester, condemns the celebration as hypocritical sham

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • 1859 Capt N C Brooks discovers Midway Islands
  • 1861 Battle of Carthage, Missouri - US General Sigel attacks pro-secessionist
  • 1863 Battle of Jackson, Mississippi and Battle of Birdsong Ferry, Mississippi
  • 1864 Battle at Chattahoochee River, Georgia (Skirmish at Pace's Ferry) fought during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War
  • 1864 Battle of Smith's Expedition, Mississippi (Tupelo, Harrisburg)
  • 1865 Great Britain creates world's 1st speed limit law
  • 1865 US Secret Service begins operating under the Treasury Department
  • 1871 Trial against Kiowa chief Satanta (White Bear) and Big Tree, begins
  • 1878 The coat of arms of the Baku governorate was established
  • 1884 German consul-general Gustav Nachtigal takes possession of Cameroon
  • 1884 US Congress accept 2nd Chinese Exclusion Act
  • 1887 Columbia University 4's crew becomes first American boat to win at London's Henley Regatta (Visitors Challenge Cup)
  • 1891 Hail kills 16 horses in Rapid City, South Dakota
  • 1900 Compulsory education law passes Dutch 1st Chamber

  • 1902 All-rounder Monty Noble takes 6 for 52 as Australia wins the one and only cricket Test played at Sheffield's Bramall Lane, England
  • 1904 NY Giants 18-game winning streak ends as Phillies win 6-5 in 10 innings at Huntington Park
  • 1904 British Isles beats Belgium 5-0 at Wimbledon to win the International Lawn Tennis Challenge (later Davis Cup)
  • 1906 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothea Chambers beats May Sutton 6-3, 9-7 for her 3rd of 7 Wimbledon singles titles
  • 1906 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Laurence Doherty beats Frank Riseley 6-4, 4-6, 6-2, 6-3 for his 5th straight Wimbledon singles title
  • 1907 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: American May Sutton avenges previous year's defeat, beating Dorothea Chambers 6-1, 6-4
  • 1907 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Australian Norman Brookes becomes the first non-Englishman and left-hander to win Wimbledon beating Arthur Gore 6-4, 6-2, 6-2
  • 1908 Niazi Bey, a chief organizer of the revolutionary movement in Turkey, raises the standard of revolt at Resna, Macedonia
  • 1913 Queen Wilhelmina meets SDAP-leader Troelstra
  • 1914 MLB Boston Braves (26-40) are 15 games back in NL, go on to win World Series 4-0 vs Philadelphia A's
  • 1914 Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia
  • 1922 1st general election in Netherlands
  • 1922 Uprising of social righteousness in Rio de Janeiro
  • 1922 Women 1st vote in Dutch elections, Christian parties win
  • 1924 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Kitty McKane of England beats American Helen Wills 4-6, 6-4, 6-4 for her 1st of 2 Wimbledon singles titles
  • 1924 Military revolt in Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • 1924 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: In the first all-French final Jean Borotra beats René Lacoste 6-1, 3-6, 6-1, 3-6, 6-4
  • 1929 WOWO-AM, Indiana returns to air, 1 day after transmitter burns down

Sport awardTennis Open

1930 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Helen Moody wins 4th straight Wimbledon singles beating fellow American Elizabeth Ryan 6-2, 6-2

Tennis Player Elizabeth Ryan
Tennis Player
Elizabeth Ryan
  • 1930 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Bill Tilden beats fellow American Wilmer Allison 6-3, 9-7, 6-4 for his 3rd and final Wimbledon singles crown
  • 1932 António de Oliveira Salazar becomes the premier and dictator of Portugal (1932-1968), founding the authoritarian Estado Novo (New State) regime
  • 1933 German party Catholic Center disbands
  • 1934 "Bloody Thursday" - Police open fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1934 Lou Gehrig hits record 17th career grand slam in Yankees 8-3 win v Washington, passes Babe Ruth's total

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig
Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • 1935 1st "Hawaii Calls" radio program is broadcast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 FDR signs US National Labor Relations Act

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1935 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Helen Wills Moody wins her 7th of 8 Wimbledon singles titles beating Helen Jacobs 6-3, 3-6, 7-5
  • 1935 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Fred Perry successfully defends his title against German Gottfried von Cramm 6-2, 6-4, 6-4
  • 1935 Tony (Brooklyn Dodgers) and Al (NY Giants) Cuccinello become the first brothers to both hit a MLB homer in the same game, Dodgers win 14-4
  • 1936 120°F (49°C), Gannvalley, South Dakota (state record)
  • 1937 117°F (47°C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1937 NY Yankees outfielder Joe DiMaggio hits 20th HR of the season but 1st career grand slam in 8-4 win vs Boston Red Sox

Baseball Player Joe DiMaggio
Baseball Player
Joe DiMaggio
  • 1937 Republican offensive by Brunete in Spain
  • 1937 Spam, the luncheon meat is first introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation
  • 1938 Herb Caen's 1st column in San Francisco Chronicle
  • 1940 Diplomatic relations broken between Britain and Vichy government in France
  • 1941 German occupiers disband political parties
  • 1942 1st performance of Heitor Villa-Lobos' Choros 6/9/11
  • 1942 Ian Fleming graduates from a training school for spies in Canada
  • 1943 Battle of Gulf of Kula
  • 1943 Battle of Koersk, USSR begins (6,000 tanks)
  • 1943 Liberator bombers sink U-535 in Gulf of Biskaye
  • 1943 US invasion fleet (96 ships) sails to Sicily
  • 1944 Harry Crosby takes 1st rocket airplane, MX-324, for maiden flight

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1945 Labour Party under Clement Attlee wins British parliamentary elections (results not declared until 26 July)

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • 1945 World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared
  • 1946 Louis Reard's bikini swimsuit design debuts at Paris fashion show
  • 1946 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: In an all-American matchup Pauline Betz beats Louise Brough 6-2, 6-4 for her only Wimbledon crown
  • 1946 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Frenchman Yvon Petra beats Australian Geoff Brown 6-2, 6-4, 7-9, 5-7, 6-4 for his only Wimbledon title

Sport awardGolf Major

1946 British Open Golf, St Andrews: In first post-WWII Championship, Sam Snead wins his only Open title, 4 strokes clear of runners-up Johnny Bulla & Bobby Locke

Golfer Sam Snead
Golfer
Sam Snead
  • 1947 "Barefoot Boy with Cheek" closes at Martin Beck NYC after 108 performances
  • 1947 Cleveland Indians rookie Larry Doby becomes 1st black player in AL when he strikes out in 6-5 loss vs Chicago WS
  • 1948 Britain's National Health Service Act begins
  • 1950 US forces enter combat in the Korean War for the first time, in the Battle of Osan
  • 1950 Law of Return passes, guarantees all Jews right to live in Israel

InventionHistoric Invention

1951 Dr William Shockley invents the junction transistor (Murray Hill, NJ)

Physicist William Shockley
Physicist
William Shockley
  • 1952 "Of Thee I Sing" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 72 performances
  • 1953 WANC TV channel 21 in Asheville, NC (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 Phillies pitcher Robin Roberts hurls his 28th consecutive MLB complete game in a 2-0 win over Pittsburgh
  • 1954 B-52A bomber makes its maiden flight
  • 1954 The BBC broadcasts its first television news bulletin.
  • 1955 Six week old British dock strike ends as London dockers return to work
  • 1956 France raises tobacco tax 20% due to war in Algeria
  • 1957 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Lew Hoad successfully defends in crown beating fellow Australian Ashley Cooper 6-2, 6-1, 6-2
  • 1957 England cricket batsman Tom Graveney scores a brilliant 258 in the drawn 3rd Test v West Indies at Trent Bridge
  • 1957 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Althea Gibson becomes the first black female athlete to win Wimbledon beating Darlene Hard 6-3, 6-2
  • 1957 British Open Golf, St Andrews: South African Bobby Locke wins his 4th Open by 3 strokes from defending champion Peter Thomson of Australia
  • 1958 J Pengel forms government/Emanuels premier of Suriname
  • 1958 First ascent of Gasherbrum I (Pakistani–Chinese border), 11th highest peak on earth
  • 1958 British Open Golf, Royal Lytham & St Annes GC: Australian Peter Thomson wins by 4 strokes in a 36-hole playoff with Welshman Dave Thomas, for his 4th Open title

  • 1959 Ben-Gurion's Israeli government resigns
  • 1959 Indonesia restores constitution
  • 1959 Jack Gelber's "Connection" premieres in NYC
  • 1960 Mongolia adopts constitution
  • 1961 80 die in collisions in Algiers
  • 1961 KUSD TV channel 2 in Vermillion, SD (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1961 St Louis Cardinals first baseman Bill White smashes 3 HRs & a double in 9-1 rout of LA Dodgers
  • 1962 96 murder at massacre in Oran, Algeria
  • 1962 Algeria gains independence after 132 years of French rule
  • 1963 1st Beatle tune to hit US charts, Del Shannon "From Me to You" at #87
  • 1963 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Australian Margaret Smith wins her first of 3 Wimbledon titles beating Billie Jean Moffitt 6-3, 6-4
  • 1963 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: American Chuck McKinley wins his only Grand Slam singles title beating Fred Stolle of Australia 9-7, 6-1, 6-4
  • 1966 NYC transit fare rises from 15 cents to 20 cents
  • 1966 National Guard mobilizes in Omaha after 3rd night of rioting
  • 1966 Saturn I rocket launched at Cape Kennedy
  • 1967 Congo uprising under Belgian mercenary Jean Schramme
  • 1968 "Manifest of 1000 words" published in Prague
  • 1968 John Lennon sells his psychedelic painted Rolls-Royce
  • 1968 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Billie Jean King beats Judy Tegart 9-7, 7-5 to earn first ever prize money (£750) offered at Wimbledon
  • 1969 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Rod Laver beats John Newcombe 6-4, 5-7, 6-4, 6-4 for the 3rd leg of his Grand Slam
  • 1969 Rolling Stones play a free concert in London's Hyde Park
  • 1970 US Open Women's Golf, Muskogee CC: Donna Caponi successfully defends her title by 1 from Sandra Haynie and Sandra Spuzich
  • 1970 Air Canada DC-8 crashes 7 miles from Toronto's airport killing 109
  • 1970 20th Berlin International Film Festival cancelled due to controversy surrounding the participation of Michael Verhoeven's anti-war film "o.k."
  • 1971 26th amendment to the US constitution certified (reduces voting age to 18)
  • 1971 Simon Gray's "Butley" premieres in London
  • 1972 Pierre Messmer appointed French premier
  • 1972 Two Protestant brothers are found shot dead outside of Belfast (speculation that they were killed by Loyalists because they had Catholic girlfriends)
  • 1973 Isle of Man begins issuing its own postage stamps

BattleCoup d'état

1973 General Juvénal Habyarimana becomes president of Rwanda in a military coup d'état

Dictator and President of Rwanda Juvénal Habyarimana
Dictator and President of Rwanda
Juvénal Habyarimana
  • 1973 Test cricket debut of English umpire Harold "Dickie" Bird v NZ at Leeds (66 Tests, 69 ODI)
  • 1974 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Chris Evert wins her first Wimbledon title beating Russian Olga Morzova 6-0, 6-4
  • 1975 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Arthur Ashe becomes first African-American to win Wimbledon, beats Jimmy Connors 6-1, 6-1, 5-7, 6-4
  • 1975 Cape Verde Islands gain independence after 500 years of Portuguese rule
  • 1975 At Knebworth Festival in England, Pink Floyd debut their album "Wish You Were Here" with pyrotechnics and an exploding plane which flies into the stage
  • 1977 Pakistani army, led by Gen Mohammad Zia ul-Haq, seizes power
  • 1978 Soyuz 30 spacecraft touches down in Soviet Kazakhstan
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1980 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Australian Evonne Goolagong Cawley beats Chris Evert 6-1, 7-6 for her 3rd Wimbledon single crown

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 Canadian Open Golf (Peter Jackson Classic), Summerlea GC: Jan Stephenson of Australia wins by 1 shot from Pat Bradley & Nancy Lopez

LPGA Golfer Pat Bradley
LPGA Golfer
Pat Bradley
LPGA Golfer Nancy Lopez
LPGA Golfer
Nancy Lopez

  • 1981 Premier Begin's Likud party wins Israeli elections
  • 1981 Rajan Mahadevan recites 31,811 digits of π (Pi) from memory
  • 1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1982 Challenger flies to Kennedy Space Center via Ellington AFB, Texas
  • 1983 France invades Algeria
  • 1983 Woman gives birth to baby 84 days after brain death (Roanoke, Virginia)
  • 1984 Supreme Court weakens 70-year-old "exclusionary rule"-evidence seized with defective court warrants can now be used in criminal trials

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1985 Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) party wins re-election in Zimbabwe for a second term

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe
  • 1985 Nicholas Mark Sanders (England) begins circumnavigation of globe, covering 13,035 road miles in 78 days, 3 hr, 30 min
  • 1986 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Martina Navratilova beats Hana Mandlíková 7-6, 6-3 for her 7th Wimbledon singles title
  • 1986 Ingrid Kristiansen of Norway sets 10K woman's record (30:13.74)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 Nancy Reagan cuts a red, white and blue ribbon to reopen Statue of Liberty after refurbishment

US First Lady Nancy Reagan
US First Lady
Nancy Reagan
  • 1987 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Pat Cash of Australia scores his only Grand Slam singles success 7-6, 6-2, 7-5 over Ivan Lendl

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1987 A's 1st baseman Mark McGwire becomes first rookie to hit 30 HRs before the MLB All-Star Game as Oakland beats Red Sox, 6-2

MLB First Baseman Mark McGwire
MLB First Baseman
Mark McGwire
  • 1988 Wist Indies cricket paceman Malcolm Marshall takes career best 7-22, beat England by an innings & 156 at Old Trafford

Appears on tv showTelevision Debut

1989 "Seinfield" (originally titled The Seinfeld Chronicles" screens its pilot episode starring Jerry Seinfeld, Jason Alexander, Julia Louis-Dreyfus and Michael Richards on NBC

Comedian Jerry Seinfeld
Comedian
Jerry Seinfeld
Comedian Jerry Stiller
Comedian
Jerry Stiller

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Rod Stewart hits his head while on stage and knocks himself out

Singer Rod Stewart
Singer
Rod Stewart

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1989 South African President P. W. Botha visits ANC leader Nelson Mandela

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
President of South Africa P. W. Botha
President of South Africa
P. W. Botha

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1989 Barry Bonds homers in Pittsburgh's 6-4 loss vs SF Giants, joining father Bobby Bonds as MLB father-son HR record holders (408)

MLB Legend Barry Bonds
MLB Legend
Barry Bonds

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Steffi Graf's record run of 13 consecutive Grand Slam finals is over, beaten in Wimbledon semi-finals by American Zina Garrison

Tennis Player Zina Garrison
Tennis Player
Zina Garrison
Tennis Player Steffi Graf
Tennis Player
Steffi Graf
  • 1991 MLB owners approve Colorado Rockies and Florida Marlins as new NL franchises to start play in 1993
  • 1991 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1991 American jockey Ray Sibille wins his 3,000th career race, aboard Sporting Surf at Pleasanton, California
  • 1992 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Andre Agassi wins his first of 8 Grand Slam titles beating Goran Ivanišević 6-7, 6-4, 6-4, 1-6, 6-4
  • 1992 Sixto Durán Ballén elected president of Ecuador

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1993 As' outfielder Rickey Henderson leads off both games of Oakland's doubleheader vs Cleveland with homers (first time since 1913)

MLB Outfielder Rickey Henderson
MLB Outfielder
Rickey Henderson
  • 1993 Kurd guerrillas murder 32 villager in East Turkey
  • 1993 Richard Chelimo run world record 10 km (27:07.91)

Music releaseAlbum Release

1993 Icelandic musician Björk releases her 1st solo album "Debut"

Singer Björk
Singer
Björk
  • 1994 The United States announces it will no longer accept unrestricted immigration from Haiti

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 Amazon.com founded in Bellevue, Washington by Jeff Bezos

Amazon Entrepreneur Jeff Bezos
Amazon Entrepreneur
Jeff Bezos
  • 1994 "Cracked Rear View" debut album by Hootie & the Blowfish is released
  • 1996 Angels score 3 top 1st, Oakland A's respond with 13 bottom 1st, highest-scoring 1st inning by 2 teams in MLB history, A's win 16-8
  • 1997 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Martina Hingis (16) beats Jana Novotná 2-6, 6-3, 6-3 to become the youngest Wimbledon winner in 110 years
  • 1998 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Pete Sampras beats Goran Ivanišević 6-7, 7-6, 6-4, 3-6, 6-2 for his 5th of 7 Wimbledon titles

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1998 Toronto Blue Jays pitcher Roger Clemens collects his 3,000th career strikeout in 2-1 win vs Tampa Bay (11th to achieve milestone)

MLB Pitching Legend Roger Clemens
MLB Pitching Legend
Roger Clemens
  • 1998 NY Yankees beat Baltimore Orioles 1-0 to improve record to 61-20, equalling best 81-game start in MLB history
  • 2001 Australia and East Timor sign an agreement to share royalties from oil and natural gas production in the Timor Sea, which separates the two countries
  • 2003 SARS is declared "contained" by the WHO
  • 2003 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Serena Williams successfully defends her title beating older sister Venus 4-6, 6-4, 6-2
  • 2003 French driver Sébastien Bourdais wins first-ever night road-course event in Champ Car history on Cleveland's Burke Lakefront Airport layout
  • 2004 First Indonesian presidential election by the people - first round (eventually won by Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono)
  • 2006 North Korea missle tests: at least two short-range Nodong-2 missiles, one SCUD missile and one long-range Taepodong-2 missile.
  • 2006 Emergency United Nations Security Council meeting at the U.N in New York City because of North Korean missile tests that day
  • 2008 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Venus Williams successfully defends her title beating younger sister Serena 7-5, 6-4
  • 2009 Ethnic rioting breaks out in Ürümqi, Xinjiang, People's Republic of China
  • 2009 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Roger Federer beats Andy Roddick 5-7, 7-6, 7-6, 3-6, 16-14 for a record 15th Grand Slam singles title
  • 2011 "Somebody That I Used to Know" single released by Gotye ft. Kimbra (Grammy Award Best Pop Duo/Group Performance, Record of the Year 2013)
  • 2012 Harness racing trainer/driver Dave Palone sets a new North American record for wins when he drives Herculotte Hanover to the winner's circle for his 15,181st career victory