Historical Events on July 7

Events 1 - 200 of 215

  • 1124 Tyrus surrenders to Crusaders
  • 1438 French church/King Charles VII release Pragmatieke Sanctie of Bourges

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1456 A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1495 King Ferdinand II returns to Naples
  • 1498 Emperor Maximilian I establishes choir of Imperial Chapel

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1520 Battle of Otumba Mexico: Hernán Cortés and the Tlaxcalans defeat a numerically superior Aztec force

Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés
Spanish Conquistador
Hernán Cortés
  • 1534 European colonization of the Americas: first known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, in New Brunswick
  • 1543 French troops invade Luxembourg
  • 1550 Traditional date Chocolate thought to have been introduced to Europe
  • 1585 King Henri III and Duke De Guise signs Treaty of Nemours: French Huguenots lose all freedoms
  • 1647 People's uprising against high prices and Spanish rule in Naples

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1668 Isaac Newton receives MA from Trinity College, Cambridge

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1713 1st performance of George Frideric Handel's "Te Deum" & "Jubilate"

  • 1753 British Museum founded by an Act of Parliament (opens in 1759)
  • 1753 British parliament grants Jews citizenship
  • 1754 Kings College in NYC opens (renamed Columbia College)

  • 1768 Firm of Johann Buddenbrook founded, in Thomas Mann's novel
  • 1777 American Revolutionary War: Battle of Hubbardton
  • 1798 Quasi-War: the U.S. Congress rescinds treaties with France sparking the 'war'
  • 1799 Ranjit Singh's men take up their positions outside Lahore
  • 1801 Toussaint L'Ouverture declares Haitian independence
  • 1802 1st comic book "The Wasp" is published in Hudson, New York criticizing Republican politicians
  • 1814 Walter Scott's "Waverley" published
  • 1838 Central American federation is dissolved
  • 1850 Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, Western Australia
  • 1861 Battle of Laurel Hill, Virginia
  • 1862 Land Grant Act endows state colleges with federal land
  • 1863 1st military draft by US (exemptions cost $100)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 Orders barring Jews from serving under US General Ulysses S. Grant are revoked

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1868 Ed Pooley takes 12 dismissals as keeper in match Surrey v Sussex
  • 1874 27th Postmaster General: James W Marshall of NJ takes office

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1875 Jesse James robs train in Otterville, Missouri

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • 1878 Social-Democratic United forms in Amsterdam
  • 1887 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Lottie Dod becomes youngest ever Wimbledon champion (15 years, 285 days), beats Blanche Bingley 6-2, 6-0
  • 1887 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Herbert Lawford wins his only Wimbledon title beating Ernest Renshaw 1-6, 6-3, 3-6, 6-4, 6-4
  • 1890 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Irishman Willoughby Hamilton wins his only Wimbledon title beating William Renshaw 6-8, 6-2, 3-6, 6-1, 6-1
  • 1890 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Lena Rice becomes the only Irish female to win at Wimbledon beating Blanche Bingley on a walkover
  • 1891 Marcellus F. Berry, an American Express employee is granted four copyrights for what he called "the travelers cheque"
  • 1892 Katipunan: the Revolutionary Philippine Brotherhood is established leading to the fall of the Spanish Empire in Asia
  • 1892 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Lottie Dod beats Blanche Bingley for a 4th time in a Wimbledon final 6-1, 6-1

  • 1892 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Wilfred Baddeley wins first of 3 Wimbledon singles titles beating Joshua Pim 4-6, 6-3, 6-3, 6-2
  • 1898 US President McKinley signs the Organic Act to annex Hawaii
  • 1900 Boston Beaneaters pitcher Kid Nichols notches his 300th career MLB victory with an 11-4 win over Chicago Orphans
  • 1905 127°F (53°C), Parker Ariz (state record)

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1908 The Democratic Party meets in Denver at the start of their convention; William Jennings Bryan is nominated as presidential nominee

US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1912 American athlete Jim Thorpe wins 4 of 5 events to win the Pentathlon gold medal at the Stockholm Olympics, medal stripped 1913 (played pro baseball), reinstated 1982

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Baltimore Orioles owner Jack Dunn offers Babe Ruth, Ernie Shore & Ben Egan for $10k to Connie Mack (Philadelphia A's), refuses pleading poverty

Baseball Legend Connie Mack
Baseball Legend
Connie Mack
  • 1915 A Great Gorge and International Railway trolley with an extreme overload of 157 passengers crashes near Queenston, Ontario, killing 15
  • 1916 The New Zealand Labour party is formed
  • 1919 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen beats Dorothea Chambers 10-8, 4-6, 9-7 for the first of 6 Wimbledon singles titles
  • 1919 Philadelphia Phillies tie MLB record of 8 steals in an innings (9th) in a 10-5 loss vs NY Giants
  • 1919 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: In the first all-Australian final Gerald Patterson beats Norman Brookes 6-3, 7-5, 6-2
  • 1923 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen beats Kitty McKane 6-2, 6-2 for her 5th straight Wimbledon singles title
  • 1923 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Bill Johnston beats fellow American Frank Hunter 6-0, 6-3, 6-1 for his only Wimbledon title
  • 1923 Cleveland Indians set an AL record 27 runs including 13 in the 6th in 27-3 win v Boston Red Sox
  • 1923 University of Delaware invents "junior year abroad" (at Sorbonne)
  • 1924 American Robert LeGendre sets then long jump world record at 25' 5½" in Paris, France
  • 1928 American Edward Hamm sets then long jump world record at 25' 11" at Cambridge, Massachusetts

InventionHistoric Invention

1928 Sliced bread sold for the first time by the Chillicothe Baking Company, Missouri, using a machine invented by Otto Frederick Rohwedder. Described as the greatest forward step in the baking industry since bread was wrapped.

  • 1929 Romania & Vatican sign concord

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 Construction begins on Boulder (Hoover) Dam

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Australian cricket batsman supreme Don Bradman scores a double century during a Goodwill Tour in Montreal, Canada

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman

Sport awardTennis Open

1933 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: American Helen Wills Moody successfully defends her title beating local favourite Dorothy Round 6-4, 6-8, 6-3

Tennis Player Helen Wills Moody
Tennis Player
Helen Wills Moody
  • 1933 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Australian Jack Crawford wins his only Wimbledon singles title beating American Ellsworth Vines 4-6, 11-9, 6-2, 2-6, 6-4
  • 1936 4th MLB All Star Game, Braves Field, Boston: After losing the first 3 AS Games, NL wins 4-3, 4 different Cubs players score the runs
  • 1936 RCA shows 1st real TV program (dancing, film on locomotives, Bonwit Teller fashion show and monologue from Tobacco Road & comedy)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 5th MLB All Star Game, Griffin Stadium, Washington: AL wins 8-3, Lou Gehrig drives in 4 runs with HR & double

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig
  • 1937 Japanese and Chinese troops clash at the Marco Polo Bridge, beginning of Second Sino-Japanese War
  • 1939 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: American Alice Marble wins her only Wimbledon singles title beating Kay Stammers of England 6-2, 6-0
  • 1939 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Bobby Riggs beats fellow American Elwood Cooke 2-6, 8-6, 3-6, 6-3, 6-2 for Wimbledon sweep, also won doubles & mixed doubles titles
  • 1939 British Open Golf, St Andrews: In the last Open played for 7 years, due to WWII, England's Dick Burton wins by 2 strokes from American Johnny Bulla
  • 1939 "The Rules of the Game", French film directed by Jean Renoir, starring Nora Gregor and Paulette Dubost, premieres in Paris
  • 1941 Nazis execute 5,000 Jews in Kovono, Lithuania
  • 1941 US forces land in Iceland to forestall Nazi invasion
  • 1941 World War II: Beirut is occupied by Free France and British troops
  • 1942 Germany troop march into Woronezj
  • 1942 Milt all star team (including Bob Feller) losts to AL all stars 5-0

KnightedKnighthood

1942 John Maynard Keynes takes his seat in the British House Of Lords as Baron Keynes of Tilton after being knighted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 -10] Japanese premier Hideki Tojo visits Java

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • 1943 3rd day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Dubrova
  • 1943 Erich Hartmann shoots 7 Russian aircraft at Kursk
  • 1943 Liberator bombers sinks U-517
  • 1943 German Submarine U-951 sunk by depth charges, off Cape St. Vincent in the North Atlantic
  • 1944 RAF Bomber Command drop 2,572 tons of bombs on Caen, France
  • 1944 Heavy Japanese counter offensive on Saipan
  • 1946 Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini canonized as 1st American saint
  • 1947 Alleged and disputed Roswell UFO incident occured
  • 1948 6 female reservists become 1st women sworn into regular US Navy
  • 1948 Cleveland Indians stun MLB by signing 42 year old veteran Negro Leagues pitcher Satchel Paige
  • 1949 "Cabatgata (A Night in Spain)" opens at Broadway NYC for 76 performances
  • 1949 "Dragnet" premieres on NBC radio; also a TV series in 1951 & 1967
  • 1950 Korean War: UN Security Council establishes the United Nations Command to combat North Korean forces
  • 1950 1st Farnborough airshow held
  • 1950 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: American Budge Patty wins his lone Wimbledon singles title over 6-1, 8-10, 6-2, 6-3 over Australian Frank Sedgman
  • 1950 British Open Golf, Royal Troon: Bobby Locke of South Africa retains title by 2 strokes from Roberto De Vicenzo of Argentina
  • 1950 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Louise Brough beats fellow American Margaret duPont 6-1, 3-6, 6-1 for her 3rd straight Wimbledon singles title
  • 1952 SS United States cross Atlantic in record 82:40
  • 1953 PGA Championship, Birmingham CC: Walter Burkemo wins 2 & 1 from Felize Torza

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Che Guevara sets out on a trip through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara
  • 1954 Formation of the TANU party (Tanganyika African National Union ) in Tanzania
  • 1956 Douglas Moore/John Latouche' opera "Ballad of Baby Doe," premieres
  • 1956 Fritz Moravec reaches the peak of Gasherbrum II (8,035 m).

Appears on tv showTelevision Debut

1956 "Hancock's Half Hour" premieres as a TV show starring Tony Hancock and Sid James, written by Ray Galton and Alan Simpson

Comedian Tony Hancock
Comedian
Tony Hancock
  • 1957 Heavy storm ravages Belgian coast
  • 1958 England cricket batsman Arthur Milton scores an unbeaten 104 in his Test debut, drawn 3rd Test v NZ at Headingley

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 President Eisenhower signed a bill approving Alaskan statehood

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1958 William Shea outlines plans for a $12M stadium at Flushing Meadows NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 26th MLB All Star Game, Forbes Field, Pittsburgh: Willy Mays triples to score Hank Aaron as NL wins 5-4

Baseball Player Hank Aaron
Baseball Player
Hank Aaron
  • 1960 US cemetery officially opens at Margraten, Netherlands

  • 1960 USSR shoots down a US aircraft over Barents sea
  • 1961 James R Hoffa elected chairman of Teamsters
  • 1962 Bill Hartack becomes 8th jockey to win 3,000 American thoroughbred races
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 35th MLB All Star Game, Shea Stadium, New York: NL wins 7-4 on the back of Johnny Callison's 3-run 9th inning homer
  • 1965 Otis Redding records "Respect"
  • 1967 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: John Newcombe outclasses Wilhelm Bungert of Germany 6-3 ,6-1, 6-1 for his 1st of 3 Wimbledon singles titles
  • 1967 Beatles' "All You Need is Love" is released
  • 1967 Doors' "Light My Fire" hits #1
  • 1967 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Billie Jean King beats local favourite Anne Jones 6-3, 6-4 for the 2nd of 3 straight Wimbledon singles titles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 US Open Women's Golf, Moselem Springs GC: Susie Maxwell Berning beats Mickey Wright by 3 strokes

LPGA Golfer Mickey Wright
LPGA Golfer
Mickey Wright
  • 1968 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1968 Rock group "Yardbirds" disband
  • 1969 Canada's House of Commons approves equality of French-English language
  • 1969 German newspaper Der Spiegel reveals Bishop Defregger of Munich is a war criminal
  • 1971 MLB Commissioner Bowie Kuhn announces that Negro League players elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame to be given full membership in the Museum
  • 1972 1st women FBI members sworn in (Susan Lynn Roley & Joanne E Pierce)
  • 1972 Dutch Minister of Agt decides to ignore soft drug usage
  • 1972 Secret Talks Between IRA and British Government: Gerry Adams is part of a delegation to London for talks with the British Government
  • 1972 7 people are killed in separate incidents across Northern Ireland
  • 1973 78 drown as flash flood sweeps a bus into a river (India)
  • 1973 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Billie Jean King beats Chris Evert 6-0, 7-5 for her 10th career Grand Slam singles title
  • 1973 All women board of directors takes control of ABA's Kentucky Colonels
  • 1973 Shoelace Park in the Bronx named
  • 1974 Milwaukee's Don Money sets MLB record for consecutive errorless games at 3rd base (78) in Brewers 8-5 win v Twins
  • 1974 FIFA World Cup Final: Striker Gerd Müller scores 43rd minute winner as West Germany beat the Netherlands 2-1 in Munich, West Germany
  • 1974 New Zealand imposes a blanket ban on sports teams from South Africa
  • 1975 TV soap opera "Ryan's Hope" premieres
  • 1976 119 women joined the Corps of Cadets, establishing the first class of women in the US Military Academy at West Point
  • 1976 Lt General Vernon A Walters, USA, ends term as deputy director of CIA; succeeded by E Henry Knoche
  • 1977 12,000 police occupy university in Mexico City

Film release premierFilm Premier

1977 "The Spy Who Loved Me", 10th James Bond film starring Roger Moore and Barbara Bach, premieres in London

  • 1978 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Martina Navratilova wins her first Grand Slam singles title beating Chris Evert 2-6, 6-4, 7-5
  • 1978 Solomon Islands declares independence from UK
  • 1978 NBA approves franchise swap; Buffalo Braves owner John Y. Brown and Harry Mangurian acquire Boston Celtics, while the Celtics owner Irv Levin gets Braves, later moved to San Diego to become the Clippers
  • 1979 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Björn Borg beats American Roscoe Tanner 6-7, 6-1, 3-6, 6-3, 6-4 for his 4th consecutive Wimbledon title
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1980 Jim King completes riding Miracle Strip Roller coaster 368 hours

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1980 American boxer Larry Holmes scores a 7th round TKO of Scott LeDoux in Bloomington, Minnesota in defence of his WBC heavyweight title

WBC Heavyweight Champion Larry Holmes
WBC Heavyweight Champion
Larry Holmes
  • 1980 Shawn Weatherly, of USA, crowned 29th Miss Universe

  • 1980 Jineane Ford, (AZ) replaces S Weatherly (Miss Univ) as 29th Miss USA
  • 1980 Institution of Sharia law in Iran
  • 1980 The Safra massacre in Lebanon
  • 1981 The solar-powered aircraft, Solar Challenger, successfully completes a 163 mile flight across the English Channel
  • 1981 Sandra Day O'Connor nominated for the Supreme Court

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 England cricket captain Ian Botham resigned after no wins in 12 matches under his reign and a pair in the 2nd Test v Australia at Lord's

Cricketer Ian Botham
Cricketer
Ian Botham
  • 1982 English athlete David Moorcroft beats Kenyan Henry Rono's 5000m world record by nearly 5 seconds, 13:00.41 in Oslo, Norway
  • 1983 11 year old Samantha Smith of Manchester, Maine, leaves for USSR
  • 1984 5 die in a train crash in Williston, Vermont
  • 1984 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Martina Navratilova beats Chris Evert 7-6, 6-2 for her 26th Grand Slam title
  • 1985 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Boris Becker beats South African Kevin Curren 6-3, 6-7, 7-6, 6-4 to become the youngest man (17) to win a Wimbledon singles title
  • 1986 IBM-PC DOS Version 3.2 (updated) released
  • 1986 It is reported that Boy George is being treated for heroin addiction
  • 1986 Jordan government shuts al-Fatah offices
  • 1986 Supreme Court struck down Gramm-Rudman deficit-reduction law
  • 1986 American athlete Jackie Joyner-Kersee sets world heptathlon record of 7,148 points in the inaugural Goodwill Games at Moscow
  • 1987 Kiwanis Clubs end men-only tradition, vote to admit women
  • 1987 Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North begins public testimony at Iran-Contra hearing
  • 1988 Soviet Union launches Phobos 1 to probe Martian moon (unsuccessful)
  • 1988 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1988 Five prominent anti-apartheid activists are released in Cape Town, South Africa after being detained for up to two years under the Internal Security Act
  • 1990 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Martina Navratilova wins her record 9th Wimbledon singles title beating American Zina Garrison 6-4, 6-1
  • 1990 New Jersey Devils sign star Russian defensemen Viacheslav Fetisov & Sergei Starikov to NHL contracts despite criticism they are taking North American jobs

Music concertMusic Concert

1990 First Three Tenors concert featuring Plácido Domingo, José Carreras and Luciano Pavarotti at Baths of Caracalla in Rome - recording of is world's best-selling classical record

Operatic Tenor Luciano Pavarotti
Operatic Tenor
Luciano Pavarotti
  • 1991 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: In the first ever all-German final Michael Stich beats Boris Becker 6-4, 7-6, 6-4
  • 1992 South Africa beats Cameroon 1-0 in Durban in first FIFA sanctioned match after nearly 20 years international isolation, apartheid
  • 1993 Guntis Ulmanis elected president of Latvia
  • 1993 Lenny Dykstra hits bases loaded 2-run double to end Phillies 7, LA Dodgers 6 in 20 innings in Philadelphia
  • 1993 Prodigy announces it will offer Cox newspapers
  • 1994 North Yemenite troops occupy Aden
  • 1995 Memphis Mad Dogs 1st CFL home game (vs BC Lions)
  • 1995 Space shuttle STS-71 (Atlantis 14), lands
  • 1996 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Richard Krajicek becomes first Dutchman to win a Grand Slam singles title beating American MaliVai Washington 6-3, 6-4, 6-3

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996 US Open Senior Golf, Canterbury GC: Dave Stockton wins by 2 strokes from Hale Irwin

Golfer and Two-Time PGA Champion Dave Stockton
Golfer and Two-Time PGA Champion
Dave Stockton
  • 1996 Space Shuttle STS 78 (Columbia 20), lands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996 Nelson Mandela steps down as President of South Africa

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1997 Tower, Minnesota temperature dips to 24°F
  • 1998 69th MLB All Star Game, Coors Field, Denver: In the highest scoring AS Game in history, AL wins 13-8
  • 2001 Australian cricketer Karen Rolton smashes an unbeaten 209 to set a new world record for highest score in a women's Test in Australia's 9 wicket win v England at Headingley
  • 2001 In his first appearance at Daytona since the death of father Dale Earnhardt Sr., Dale Jr. wins Pepsi 400 coming from 7th with 9 laps remaining to beat teammate Michael Waltrip
  • 2002 A scandal breaks out in the United Kingdom when news reports accuse MI6 of sheltering Abu Qatada, supposed European Al Qaeda leader
  • 2002 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Lleyton Hewitt of Australia wins his only Wimbledon singles title beating David Nalbandian of Argentina 6-1, 6-3, 6-2
  • 2003 Tour de France: After 2nd stage, Australians are in possession of both yellow & green jerseys for the first time, Brad McGee overall leader & Robbie McEwen sprint leader
  • 2003 The United Communist Party of Armenia is formed

Sport awardGolf Tournament

2003 US Open Women's Golf, Pumpkin Ridge GC: Hilary Lunke wins in a playoff with Kelly Robbins & Angela Stanford for her only career LPGA tournament victory

LPGA Golfer Kelly Robbins
LPGA Golfer
Kelly Robbins
  • 2005 Coordinated terrorist bomb blasts strike London's public transport system during the morning rush hour killing 52 and injuring 700
  • 2005 Influenced by Live 8, the G8 leaders pledge to double 2004 levels of aid to Africa from US$25 to US$50 billion by the year 2010
  • 2006 Cleveland Indians first baseman Travis Hafner becomes first player in MLB history to hit 5 grand slams before the All-Star break when he homers off Baltimore's Kris Benson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2007 Pope Benedict XVI issues the Apostolic Letter Summorum Pontificum, removing restrictions on celebrating the old Tridentine Mass

265th Pope  Benedict XVI
265th Pope
Benedict XVI