On This Day

Historical Events on July 8

  • 939 The Major Occultation, or Ghaybat el-Kubra of Muhammad al-Mahdi
  • 1099 First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on

Historic Event

1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama departs on his first voyage, becoming the 1st European to reach India by sea

  • 1579 Our Lady of Kazan, a holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church, was discovered underground in the city of Kazan, Tatarstan

Historic Event

1663 King Charles II of England grants a charter to Rhode Island

Historic Event

1672 William III is appointed stadholder by the States General in the Netherlands

  • 1680 The first confirmed tornado in America kills a servant at Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1693 NYC authorizes 1st police uniforms in American colonies
  • 1709 Battle of Poltava; Russians defeat Swedes, end of Swedish empire as a major power
  • 1716 Great Northern War: Battle of Dynekilen, a Danish-Norwegian force under Peter Tordenskjold traps and defeats Swedish force

Historic Event

1731 Theologian Jonathan Edwards preaches his sermon "God Glorified in Man's Dependence" in Boston, later his first published sermon

  • 1741 Theologian Jonathan Edwards preaches perhaps the most famous of all American sermons "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" at Enfield, Connecticut, part of the Great Awakening
  • 1758 British and Colonial assault on French forces at Fort Ticonderoga, New York

United States Declaration of Independence

1776 Colonel John Nixon gives the 1st public reading of the Declaration of Independence to an assemblage of citizens in Philadelphia

  • 1777 Independent Vermont introduces a new constitution, prohibiting slavery
  • 1778 George Washington headquarters at West Point for his Continental Army
  • 1792 France declares war on Prussia
  • 1796 US State Department issues 1st US passport
  • 1797 1st US senator (William Blount of Tennessee) expelled by impeachment
  • 1800 Dr Benjamin Waterhouse gives 1st cowpox vaccination in the US to his son to prevent smallpox
  • 1805 American Bill Richmond knocks out Jack Holmes, Kilburn Wells, England
  • 1816 Frost in Waltham, Massachusetts during "year without a summer"
  • 1822 Chippewas turn over huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom
  • 1833 Russia and Turkey sign defense treaty

Historic Event

1836 Charles Darwin reaches Saint Helena in HMS Beagle and takes up lodgings near the tomb of Napoleon

  • 1838 Arabs attack Jewish community of Safed
  • 1849 St Paul's Place in the Bronx named

Historic Event

1853 Commodore Matthew C. Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay, opening Japan to Western influence and trade

  • 1859 King Charles XV/Carl IV accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway
  • 1861 Confederate General Sibley is given command of rebel troops in New Mexico territory

Historic Event

1862 US Morrill Anti-Bigamy Act signed by Abraham Lincoln (not enforced)

  • 1862 Theodore R. Timby is granted a US patent for discharging guns in a revolving turret, using electricity
  • 1864 The Shinsengumi sabotage the Choshu-han shishi's planned attack on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya. This event is known as Ikedaya Jiken.
  • 1870 US Congress authorizes registration of trademarks
  • 1870 Governor Holden of North Carolina declares Casswell County to be in a state of insurrection
  • 1874 The Mounties (North West Mounted Police) begin their March West from Fort Dufferin

Boxing Title Fight

1889 John L. Sullivan successfully defends last officially sanctioned, bare-knuckle world heavyweight prizefighting championship; Jake Kilrain's trainer throws in towel after 75 x 1-minute rounds near Hattiesburg, Mississippi

  • 1889 Wall Street Journal begins publishing
  • 1889 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw wins his 7th Wimbledon singles title; beats twin brother Ernest Renshaw 6-4, 6-1, 3-6, 6-0
  • 1891 61°F, highest temperature for July 1891, in Baltimore and Philadelphia
  • 1892 American Psychological Association organized in Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts
  • 1892 St. John's, Newfoundland is devastated in the Great Fire of 1892
  • 1895 Delagoa Bay Railway opens in South Africa

Presidential Convention

1896 William Jennings Bryan's "cross of gold" speech at Democratic convention in Chicago

Historic Event

1896 Charles Tupper resigns as Prime Minister of Canada after losing the June 23rd election, his 69-day term the shortest in Canadian history

  • 1898 Philadelphia Phillies pitcher Red Donahue no-hits Boston Beaneaters, 5-0 at the Baker Bowl

Battle of Interest

1898 US battle fleet under Admiral George Dewey occupies Isla Grande at Manila

  • 1898 The shooting death of crime boss Soapy Smith releases Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip

Sports History

1902 Baltimore manager John McGraw is accused by AL President Ban Johnson of trying to wreck the Orioles & Washington Senators; negotiates his release from the Orioles, having already signed with NY Giants

  • 1905 Part of Angel Island in San Francisco Bay allocated for Immigration Detention Center
  • 1905 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: May Sutton becomes first American player to win the singles title at Wimbledon; beats Dorothea Chambers 6-3, 6-4
  • 1905 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Home town favourite Laurence Doherty wins his 4th consecutive Wimbledon singles title; beats Norman Brookes of Australia 8-6 6-2 6-4
  • 1905 The soldiers of the Russian battleship "Potemkin" who mutinied, surrender to Romanian authorities, who turn ship over to Russian authorities soon after
  • 1907 Florenz Ziegfeld staged 1st `Follies' on NY Theater roof
  • 1908 Uprisings spread throughout Turkey
  • 1909 1st pro baseball game (minor league) played under lights
  • 1911 Nan Aspinwall is 1st woman to make solo transcontinenal trip by horse
  • 1911 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Anthony Wilding of New Zealand wins 2nd of 4 consecutive Wimbledon singles titles beating Herbert Roper-Barrett 6-4, 4-6, 2-6, 6-2 ret
  • 1912 G E V Crutchley (Oxford) 99 retired measles v Cambridge
  • 1912 Giants Rube Marquard loses after winning 21 straight
  • 1912 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Anthony Wilding makes it 3 straight Wimbledon singles crowns beating Arthur Gore 6-4, 6-4, 4-6, 6-4

Historic Invention

1913 Alfred Carlton Gilbert's patent for the Erector Set is issued, it becomes one of the most popular toys of all time

Historic Event

1915 The Germans reply to US President Woodrow Wilson's second Lusitania note by saying that Americans may sail on clearly marked neutral ships, but Germany does not deal with Wilson's other demands

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

1922 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: French phenom Suzanne Lenglen wins her 4th consecutive Wimbledon singles title; beats American based Norwegian Molla Bjurstedt Mallory 6-2, 6-0

Historic Event

1923 Warren G. Harding becomes 1st sitting US President to visit Alaska (Metlakahtla)

  • 1923 Walter Mittelholzer flies Junkers F-13 to Spitsbergen/Oostland
  • 1928 Phillies set record of errorless 25 inning doubleheader
  • 1932 Depression low point of Dow Jones Industrial Average, 41.22
  • 1932 Herbert Sutcliffe scores his 100th 100, Yorkshire v Gloucshire

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

1933 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: American Helen Wills Moody successfully defends her title beating local favourite Dorothy Round 6-4, 6-8, 6-3

  • 1933 Public Works Administration becomes effective

British Golf Open

1933 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Denny Shute beats fellow American Craig Wood by 5 strokes in a 36-hole Saturday playoff to win his only Open title

  • 1935 3rd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-1 at Municipal Stadium, Cleve
  • 1938 Would be start of England v Australia Test Cricket at Old Trafford Washout
  • 1938 British Open Men's Golf, Royal St George's GC,: Englishman Reg Whitcombe wins his only major title by 2 strokes from Jimmy Adams of Scotland in treacherous, windy conditions

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

1939 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: American Alice Marble wins her only Wimbledon singles title beating Kay Stammers of England 6-2, 6-0

  • 1941 9th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 7-5 at Briggs Stadium, Detroit
  • 1941 All Jews living in Baltic States are obligated to wear a Jewish Star
  • 1943 4th day of battle at Kursk: General Model uses last tank reserve
  • 1943 British air raid sinks U-232

Meeting of Interest

1943 Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (Dutch National Socialist Movement) leader Anton Mussert meets with Heinrich Himmler

  • 1943 US invasion fleet passes Bizerta Tunisia
  • 1944 British troops march into Caen, Normandy
  • 1944 Japanese kamikaze attacks on US lines at Saipan
  • 1946 "Tidbits of 1946" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 8 performances
  • 1946 Baseball grants $5,000 minimum salary
  • 1947 14th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 2-1 at Wrigley Field, Chicago
  • 1947 Demolition begins for UN HQ in NYC
  • 1947 Reports are broadcast that a UFO has crash landed in Roswell, New Mexico
  • 1948 500th anniversary of the Russian Orthodox Church celebrated in Moscow
  • 1949 South Africa's Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act commences, prohibiting marriage or a sexual relationship between White people and people of other races [1]
  • 1949 Monte Irvin & Hank Thompson, 1st black players for New York Giants, 4-3 loss to Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field
  • 1950 33.4 cm rain fall at York, Nebraska (state record)
  • 1950 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Louise Brough beats fellow American Margaret Osborne duPont 6-1, 3-6, 6-1 for her third straight Wimbledon singles title

Historic Event

1950 General Douglas MacArthur named commander-in-chief of UN forces in Korea

  • 1950 Leroy Deans awarded first Order of Purple Heart in Korea
  • 1952 19th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 3-2 in 5 at Shibe Park, Philadelphia
  • 1953 US stops aid to Persia
  • 1954 KMOX (now KMOV) TV channel 4 in Saint Louis, MO (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • 1954 Military junta selects colonel Armas President of Guatemala
  • 1955 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Peter Thomson of Australia wins the 2nd of 3 consecutive Open titles, 2 strokes clear of runner-up John Fallon
  • 1956 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1957 Baseball Owners re-elect Commissioner Ford Frick

Historic Event

1957 Irish premier Eamon de Valera arrests Sinn Féin leaders

Conference of Interest

1957 First Pugwash Conference, the "Thinkers Lodge" held on nuclear disarmament at Pugwash, Nova Scotia, Canada, founded by Joseph Rotblat and hosted by Cyrus Eaton

  • 1958 25th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-3 at Memorial Stadium, Balt
  • 1960 Fidel Castro ends Havana's International League team, Sugar Kings move to New Jersey
  • 1961 Fred Trueman takes 5-0 in 24 balls to rip through Aussies
  • 1961 Portuguese steamer "Save" breaks up off Mozambique, 227 die
  • 1961 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: In an all-British final Angela Mortimer wins her 3rd Grand Slam singles title; beats Christine Truman 4–6, 6–4, 7–5

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

1963 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Australian Margaret Smith wins her first of 3 Wimbledon titles beating Billie Jean Moffitt 6-3, 6-4

  • 1963 Reports of Charlie Finley's intention to move KC A's to Oakland
  • 1963 US bans all monetary transactions with Cuba

Sports History

1965 Joe Morgan is 1st Houston player with 6 hits in a game

  • 1966 US airline strike (until Aug 19th)
  • 1966 King Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng of Burundi is deposed by his son Prince Charles Ndizi
  • 1967 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Billie Jean King beats local favourite Anne Jones 6-3, 6-4 for the 2nd of 3 straight Wimbledon singles titles
  • 1967 Helen Weston of Detroit rolls a record 4,585 in 24 games
  • 1968 Israeli-Egyptian artillery duel along Suez Canal
  • 1969 US troop withdrawal begins in Vietnam
  • 1969 IBM CICS is made generally available for the 360 mainframe computer
  • 1970 SF Giant Jim Ray Hart is 8th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (5th)
  • 1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 During street disturbances, British soldiers shoot dead two Catholic civilians in Free Derry; riots erupt, the Social Democratic and Labour Party withdraw from Stormont in protest
  • 1972 US sells grain to USSR for $750 million
  • 1973 NY Mets are 12½ games back in NL and go on to win pennant
  • 1974 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1974 Yank shortstop Jim Mason ties record with 4 doubles in 9 inn game

Historic Event

1975 Israeli premier Yitzhak Rabin visits West Germany

Election of Interest

1975 US President Gerald Ford announced he'll seek Republican presidential nomination

  • 1975 Quake damages over 2,000 temples in Pagan Burma, 20-foot-high seated Buddha of Thandawgya decapitated
  • 1976 Randy Jones wins NL record 16 games before All Star break
  • 1977 Sabra Starr finishes longest recorded belly dance (100 hrs)

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

1978 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Björn Borg of Sweden wins his 3rd straight Wimbledon singles crown; beats American Jimmy Connors 6-2, 6-2, 6-3

  • 1978 Sandro Pertini elected the 7th President of the Italian Republic
  • 1978 Pioneer-Venus 2 Multi-probe launched to Venus
  • 1979 The Democratic Republic of the Congo adoptsa new constitution
  • 1979 Don Martina's MAN party wins election in Dutch Antilles

Voyager 2 Spacecraft

1979 Voyager 2 takes 1st ever photo of Jupiter's satellite Adrastea (J14)

  • 1980 51st All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 4-2 at Dodger Stadium, LA
  • 1980 All star MVP: Ken Griffey (Cincinnati Reds)
  • 1981 France performs nuclear test
  • 1981 French Prime Minister Maurois nationalizes banks/plane/steel industry in France
  • 1981 Senate confirms Sandra Day O'Conner to Supreme Court (99-0)
  • 1982 "7 Brides for 7 Brothers" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 5 performances

Sports History

1982 Billy Martin records his 1,000th career win as a manager

  • 1982 Porn star John Homes convicted of receiving stolen property
  • 1982 Senegalese Trotskyist political party LCT is legally recognized
  • 1982 15th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at Hotel San Diego
  • 1983 Rudi Koopmans retains European middleweight title

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

1984 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: John McEnroe defends his crown, thrashing fellow American Jimmy Connors 6-1, 6-1, 6-2

  • 1985 Marge Schott becomes CEO of Cincinnati Red
  • 1986 Farthest thrown object-an "Aerobie" flying ring, 383 m (1,257')
  • 1986 NASA establishes Safety, Reliability Maintain & Quality Assurance
  • 1986 Zimbabwe beats Netherlands by 25 runs to win ICC Trophy
  • 1987 Kitty Dukakis reveals an addiction to amphetamines for 26 years
  • 1988 Indians' Bud Black sets club record for most batters hit in inning (3)
  • 1988 Miami Arena opens in Miami, Florida
  • 1988 Rockers Jonathan "Chico" & Robert DeBarge indicted on drug trafficking

Music History

1988 Stevie Wonder announces he will run for mayor of Detroit in 1992

  • 1989 Carlos Saul Menum becomes President of Argentina
  • 1989 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1990 12:34:56 on 7/8/90 (1234567890)
  • 1990 Brewers beat Angels 20-7, including 13 in 5th inning
  • 1990 FIFA World Cup Final, Stadio Olimpico, Rome, Italy: 85th minute penalty by Andreas Brehme gives West Germany, 1-0 win over Argentina
  • 1990 Trailing 7-0, Brewers tie Angels & then score 13 in 5th to win 20-7

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

1990 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Stefan Edberg beats Boris Becker 6-2, 6-2, 3-6, 3-6, 6-4 for his 2nd Wimbledon singles crown

  • 1991 Pitts Pirate President Carl Barger becomes 1st President of Florida Marlins
  • 1991 Major league umpire Steve Palermo and former NFL defensive lineman Terence Mann shot trying to help 2 waitresses from being robbed
  • 1992 Florida Marlins unveil their uniform
  • 1992 Thomas Klestil installed as President of Austria
  • 1992 Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe creates the office of High Commissioner on National Minorities

Sports History

1994 Preliminary trial rules there is enough evidence to try O.J. Simpson

  • 1994 Sonia O'Sullivan runs female 2K world record (5:25.36)
  • 1994 Space shuttle STS-65 (Columbia 17), launches
  • 1994 St Maarten "Godfather" Claude Wathey sentenced to 1½ years

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

1995 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: German superstar Steffi Graf beats Arantxa Sánchez Vicario of Spain 4-6, 6-1, 7-5 for her 6th Wimbledon title

  • 1995 1st CFL game between 2 US teams, Las Vegas Posse vs Sacramento Gold
  • 1995 NHL Draft: Detroit Jr. Red Wings (OHL) defenceman Bryan Berard first pick by Ottawa Senators

Music Single

1996 British girls group the Spice Girls release their debut single "Wannabe" in the UK

  • 1997 68th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 3-1 at Jacobs Field, Cleveland
  • 1997 NATO invites Poland, Hungary & Czech Republic to join
  • 1999 Allen Lee Davis is executed by electrocution by the state of Florida, the last use of the electric chair for capital punishment in Florida

Historic Publication

1999 "Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban" the 3rd book of the series by J. K. Rowling is published by Bloomsbury in the UK

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

2000 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Venus Williams wins her first career Grand Slam singles title; beats fellow American Lindsay Davenport 6-3, 7-6

  • 2000 "Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire", the 4th book in the series by J. K. Rowling is published in the UK (Bloomsbury) and the US (Scholastic)
  • 2001 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Venus Williams wins 3rd career Grand Slam singles title; beats Justine Henin 6-1 3-6 6-0; Henin first Belgian player (male or female) to reach Wimbledon singles final
  • 2003 Sudan Airways Flight 39, with 116 people on board, crashes in Sudan; the only survivor is a two-year-old boy who subsequently dies as a result of his injuries

Film Premiere

2005 Marvel superhero film "The Fantastic Four" starring Ioan Gruffudd, Jessica Alba, Chris Evans and Michael Chiklis premieres

  • 2006 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Amélie Mauresmo of France wins her 2nd and last Grand Slam singles event; beats Justine Henin-Hardenne 2-6, 6-3, 6-4

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

2007 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Roger Federer of Switzerland wins the singles title for 5th consecutive year; beats Spaniard Rafael Nadal 7-6, 4-6, 7-6, 2-6, 6-2

  • 2007 US Senior Open Men's Golf, Whistling Straits: Brad Bryant wins by 3 strokes from Ben Crenshaw

Historic Event

2008 American businessman T. Boone Pickens announces his "Pickens Plan", an energy policy that moves away from imported oil

Film Premiere

2010 "Inception", directed by Christopher Nolan and starring Leonardo DiCaprio and Joseph Gordon-Levitt, premieres in London

  • 2010 During 1st round of the John Deere Classic, Paul Goydos becomes the 4th, and oldest player in PGA Tour history to shoot 59; round included 12 birdies and 6 pars
  • 2011 Space Shuttle Atlantis is launched in the final mission of the U.S. Space Shuttle program