Historical Events on June 1

Events 1 - 200 of 290

  • 4000 BC Approximate domestication of the horse in the Eurasian steppes near Dereivka, central Ukraine (hypothesis only)
  • 193 Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated.

Historic Event

794 Charles the Great (aka Charlemagne) opens general synod in Frankfurt

  • 1204 King Philip Augustus of France conquers Rouen

Battle of Interest

1215 Peking [Beijing], then a city of over one million, under control of Jurchen ruler Emperor Xuanzong of Jin, is captured and looted for a month by the Mongols under Genghis Khan

  • 1283 Albrecht I van Habsburg becomes ruler of Austrian/Bull market
  • 1283 Treaty of Rheinfelden: Duke Rudolph II of Austria waives his right to the Duchies of Austria and Styria
  • 1459 Pope Pius II opens congress of Mantua
  • 1485 Matthias of Hungary takes Vienna from Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III
  • 1495 First written record of Scotch Whisky appears in Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Friar John Cor is the distiller

Royal Coronation

1533 Anne Boleyn crowned Queen of England

De humani corporis fabrica

1543 Flemish physician Andreas Vesalius publishes "De humani corporis fabrica (On the fabric of the human body in seven books)" a major step forward in understanding human anatomy [date is representative as exact date of publication unknown]

Treaty of Interest

1562 Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I and Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent sign treaty

  • 1568 Duke of Alva oversees beheading of 18 nobles in Brussels as part of Council of Troubles/Council of Blood
  • 1608 Valse Dimitri forms his 2nd Russian anti-government
  • 1638 1st earthquake recorded in US, at Plymouth, Massachusetts
  • 1641 France and Portugal sign anti-Spanish covenant
  • 1649 Russian Tsar Alexis throws English merchants out of Moscow
  • 1657 1st Quakers arrives in New Amsterdam (NY)
  • 1660 Mary Dyer is hanged for defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony

Treaty of Interest

1670 English King Charles II & French King Louis XIV sign secret anti-Dutch treaty

Battle of Öland

1676 Battle of Öland: allied Danish-Dutch forces defeat the Swedish navy in the Baltic Sea, during the Scanian War (1675–79)

  • 1679 The Scottish Covenanters defeat John Graham of Claverhouse at the Battle of Drumclog
  • 1746 French troops conquer Antwerp
  • 1774 Boston Port Act: Following the passage of the act, the British government orders Port of Boston closed to punish colonists for the Boston Tea Party
  • 1789 1st US congressional act becomes law (on administering oaths)
  • 1792 Kentucky admitted as 15th US state
  • 1794 Glorious First of June; first naval battle between Britain (under Admiral Lord Howe) and France (Vice-Admiral Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse) during French Revolutionary Wars. Britain gains tactical win.
  • 1796 Last of Britain's troops withdraws from USA
  • 1796 Tennessee admitted as 16th US state
  • 1808 1st US land-grant university founded as Ohio University in Athens, Ohio
  • 1809 Allardyce Barclay begins a bet of walking 1 mile every hour for 1,000 hours. Each hour he walked a mile round trip from his home
  • 1813 Captain John Lawrence utters Navy motto "Don't give up the ship"

Historic Event

1815 Napoleon Bonaparte swears fidelity to the Constitution of France

  • 1834 HMS Beagle for anchor in Port Famine, Magallanes Street
  • 1835 6th national black convention (Philadelphia)

Historic Event

1836 Charles Darwin returns to Cape Town in South Africa

  • 1843 It snows in Buffalo and Rochester, NY, & Cleveland, Ohio

Historic Event

1843 Sojourner Truth leaves NY to begin her career as antislavery activist

  • 1845 Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days

Historic Event

1848 Revolutionary newspaper "Neue Rheinische Zeitung" founded by Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels and the Communist League in Cologne

  • 1855 US adventurer William Walker conquers Nicaragua, reestablishes slavery
  • 1857 Charles Baudelaire's Les Fleurs du Mal (The Flowers of Evil) is published.
  • 1861 1st skirmish in US Civil War at Fairfax Court House, Virginia
  • 1861 British territorial waters & ports off-limits during Civil War
  • 1861 Skirmish at Arlington Mills, Virginia
  • 1861 US & Confederacy simultaneously stop mail interchange
  • 1862 2nd/last day of battle at Fair Oaks/7 Pines Virginia (11,165 casualties)
  • 1862 African Slave Trade Treaty Act: Bilateral treaty between the US and UK abolishing the slave trade in all US possessions

Historic Event

1862 General Robert E. Lee assumes command after Joe Johnston is injured at Seven Pines

  • 1864 -Nov] Shenandoah Valley campaign
  • 1864 Battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia (Gaines' Mill, Gaines' Farm)
  • 1864 Confederate cruiser Georgia sold to a British merchant in Liverpool
  • 1866 General Dutch Typographer Union forms
  • 1866 Renegade Irish Fenians from US invade Fort Erie, Ontario
  • 1868 Texas constitutional convention meets in Austin
  • 1868 Treaty of Bosque Redondo is signed allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico

Historic Invention

1869 Thomas Edison granted his first patent for the Electric Vote Recorder (U.S. Patent 90,646)

  • 1872 6th Belmont: James Roe aboard Joe Daniels wins in 2:58.25
  • 1877 Society of American Artists forms
  • 1877 US troops authorized to pursue bandits into Mexico

Anglo-Zulu War

1879 Napoleon Eugene, the last dynastic Bonaparte, is killed serving with British forces in the Anglo-Zulu War. He is buried in Farnborough, Hampshire.

  • 1880 The first pay telephone service in the United States is installed in New Haven, Connecticut
  • 1880 US census is 50,155,783
  • 1881 Bell Phone opens 1st Dutch telephone exchange
  • 1881 Ridden by outstanding English jockey Fred Archer, Iroquois wins the Epsom Derby to become first American-owned and bred horse to take out a European classic race
  • 1886 The railroads of the Southern United States convert 11,000 miles of track from a five foot rail gauge to standard gauge, beginning May 31
  • 1888 California gets its 1st seismograph
  • 1890 US census at 62,622,250
  • 1893 Opera "Falstaff" is produced (Berlin)
  • 1898 Trans-Mississippi International Exposition opens in Omaha

Cricket Debut

1899 English cricket icon W. G. Grace starts 22nd and final Test against Australia at Nottingham; Test debut of Wilfred Rhodes and Victor Trumper

  • 1900 British army occupies Pretoria, South Africa
  • 1907 -27°F (-33°C), Sarmiento, Argentina (South American record)
  • 1908 John Krohn begins walk around perimeter of US, which took 357 days
  • 1909 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition opens in Seattle
  • 1910 Sportclub Enschede soccer club forms in Enschede, Netherlands; merge with Enschedese Boys to form FC Twente in 1965
  • 1911 1st Inter-Empire Sports Championships close in London
  • 1911 1st US group insurance policy written in Passaic, New Jersey
  • 1912 Dutch soccer club Stormvogels forms in Ijmuiden; merges with VSV to form Telstar in 1963
  • 1913 The Serbian government concludes a ten-year treaty with Greece against Bulgaria; Serbia wishes to pursue Macedonian aspirations with Greece's help
  • 1917 Boston Braves first baseman Hank Gowdy is first active MLB player to enlist for service in World War I; only player to fight in both World War I & II

Historic Event

1918 Canadian ace Billy Bishop downs 6 aircraft over a three-day span, including German ace Paul Bilik, reclaiming his top scoring title from James McCudden

  • 1918 Chicago White Sox losing 5-4 against NY Yankees, load the bases in 9th with no outs; Chick Gandil lines to Frank Baker who turns a rare game winning triple play
  • 1919 Rhineland Republic forms in Wiesbaden
  • 1920 Adolfo de la Huerta becomes President of Mexico
  • 1920 Dutch soccer club RKSV forms in Volendam; merges with FC Volendam in 1977

Historic Event

1922 Over 50,000 Fascists gather for a meeting in Bologna where Mussolini warns that he will lead a full-scale revolt against a government favoring 'anti-Fascist reaction'

  • 1922 Royal Ulster Constabulary is founded
  • 1923 New York Giants rout Philadelphia Phillies, 22-5 at the Baker Bowl; first time in 20th century a MLB team has scored in every inning

Baseball Record

1925 Future NY Yankees Hall of Famer Lou Gehrig pinch hits for shortstop Pee-Wee Wanninge in a 5-3 loss to Washington; first of record 2,130 consecutive games

  • 1926 Ignacy Mocicki elected President of Poland
  • 1927 Peace Bridge between US and Canada opens

Cricket History

1930 Australian cricket master batsman Don Bradman cracks 191 in tour match v Hampshire at Southampton; Bradman smashes 26 fours in 240 minutes

French Open Men's Tennis

1930 French Championships Men's Tennis: Frenchman Henri Cochet wins 3rd of 4 French titles; beats American Bill Tilden 3-6, 8-6, 6-3, 6-1

French Open Women's Tennis

1930 French Championships Women's Tennis: Helen Wills Moody wins her 3rd straight French title; beats fellow American Helen Jacobs 6-2, 6-1

Historic Event

1932 Franz von Papen becomes Reich Chancellor of Germany

  • 1933 Century of Progress world's fair opens in Chicago
  • 1936 "Lux Radio Theater" moved from NYC to Hollywood

French Open Men's Tennis

1936 French Championships Men's Tennis: Gottfried von Cramm of Germany wins his 2nd French title; beats Englishman Fred Perry 6-0, 2-6, 6-2, 2-6, 6-0

  • 1936 French Championships Women's Tennis: German Hilde Sperling beats Simonne Mathieu of France 6-3, 6-4 for her second of 3 straight French titles
  • 1936 Queen Mary completes its maiden voyage, arriving in NY
  • 1937 Chicago White Sox pitcher Bill Dietrich no-hits St Louis Browns, 8-0 at Comiskey Park, Chicago

Historic Event

1937 Edith Wharton suffers a heart attack and collapses at the French country home of Ogden Codman

  • 1937 Prince Konoye becomes Japanese premier
  • 1939 British submarine "Thetis" sinks in Liverpool Bay with all 99 aboard
  • 1939 First major boxing match on US television is the heavyweight bout from NY's Yankee Stadium between former world champion Max Baer and Lou Nova; Nova wins by TKO in 11th round
  • 1939 First night MLB game takes place at Philadelphia's Shribe Park; Phillies lose 5-2 to Pittsburgh Pirates
  • 1939 Retired German Colonel-general Gerd von Runstedt returns to service
  • 1940 Coffee & tea rationed in Holland

Historic Event

1940 Major General Bernard Montgomery returns to London

  • 1940 Nazi occupiers kick Jews out of Dutch air guard
  • 1941 12.59" (31.98 cm) rainfall, in Burlington, Kansas (state 24-hr record)
  • 1941 British troops occupy Baghdad, Iraq

Sports History

1941 Future Hall of Fame outfielder Mel Ott hits his 400th career HR and his 1,500th RBI to help New York Giants to a 3-2 win over the Cincinnati Reds

  • 1941 Germany bans all Catholic publications
  • 1941 Germany occupies Crete after Allied evacuation
  • 1943 Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London, 13 passengers, included actor Leslie Howard, and 4 crew die
  • 1943 Pittsburgh Pirates pitcher Rip Sewell patents his "eephus" or "blooper ball" pitch; uses pitch on way to a 20-win campaign


1944 Allied generals Bernard Montgomery, George S. Patton, Omar Bradley, Miles Dempsey and Harry Crerar meet in Portsmouth, England just prior to D-Day

  • 1944 Nazi occupiers make it punishable to give aid to allied pilots
  • 1944 Washington Senators MLB outfielder Stan Spence goes 6-for-6 in an 11-5 win over the St. Louis Browns; collects 5 singles and a home run
  • 1945 WLB-AM in Minneapolis Minn changes call letters to KUOM
  • 1946 78th Belmont Stakes: Warren Mehrtens aboard Assault wins in 2:30.8; 7th horse to win the Triple Crown
  • 1947 OPA, which issued WW II rationing coupons, disbands
  • 1947 The development of photosensitive glass, which had occurred ten years previously, is announced publicly
  • 1948 Israel & Arabs agree to a cease fire
  • 1949 British government grants Cyrenaica (East-Libya) independence
  • 1949 KSL TV channel 5 in Salt Lake City, UT (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1950 WKZO (now WWMT) TV channel 3 in Kalamazoo, MI (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • 1951 1st self-contained titanium plant opens (Henderson Nevada)
  • 1951 International Cheese treaty signed

Historic Event

1952 Catholic church puts Andre Gides "Labor" on the index

French Open Men's Tennis

1952 French Championships Men's Tennis: England based Czech Jaroslav Drobný wins his 2nd straight French title; beats Frank Sedgman of Australia 6-2, 6-0, 3-6, 6-4

French Open Women's Tennis

1952 French Championships Women's Tennis: Doris Hart beats fellow American Shirley Fry 6-4, 6-4 for her 2nd French singles title

  • 1953 KMJ (now KSEE) TV channel 24 in Fresno, CA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 WDAY TV channel 6 in Fargo, ND (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 Czech distance runner Emile Zatopek breaks his own 10,000m world record, clocking 28:54.2 in Brussels, Belgium
  • 1955 Tunisian nationalist leader Habib Bourguiba returns to Tunisia after imprisonment and exile in France
  • 1957 Don Bowden becomes first American to run a sub-4 minute mile (3:58.7) at the Pacific Association AAU Meet in Stockton, California
  • 1957 French Championships Men's Tennis: Sven Davidson becomes first Swede to win a Grand Slam title; beats American Herbert Flam 6-3, 6-4, 6-4
  • 1957 French Championships Women's Tennis: England's Shirley Bloomer wins her lone Grand Slam singles title; beats American Dorothy Knode 6-1, 6-3
  • 1958 Belgian christian-democrats win parliamentary election

Election of Interest

1958 Charles de Gaulle elected premier of France

  • 1958 The Riverside International Raceway in Southern California opens with three 500-mile races in one weekend; Eddie Gray wins the Crown America 500 for NASCAR Grand National cars
  • 1959 Constitution of Tunisia promulgated (National Day)
  • 1959 Two-time defending champion Monterrey, Mexico ruled ineligible to compete in Little League Baseball World Series for using players outside predetermined geographical area
  • 1960 "Finian's Rainbow" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 12 performances
  • 1960 WDTV TV channel 5 in Clarksburg-Weston, WV (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1961 FM multiplex stereo broadcasting 1st heard
  • 1962 Oscar 2 (ham radio satellite) launched into Earth orbit
  • 1962 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 40,420 m
  • 1963 "El Watusi" by Ray Barreto hits #17

Historic Event

1964 Kenya becomes a republic with Jomo Kenyatta as its 1st President

  • 1964 Rolling Stones arrive in New York's Kennedy International Airport for 1st US tour, greeted by about 500 fans
  • 1965 A Penzias & R Wilson detect 3°K primordial background radiation
  • 1965 Coal mine explosion in Fukuoka Japan kills 236
  • 1965 Robert Manry begins his 78 day voyage to sail a 13.5-foot yacht "Tinkerbelle" across the Atlantic Ocean
  • 1966 2,400 people attend White House Conference on Civil Rights

Music Concert

1966 George Harrison is impressed by sitarist Ravi Shankar's concert in London

  • 1966 Joaquin Balaguer elected president of Dominican Republic
  • 1966 Shortwave station Radio NY Worldwide changes calls from WRUL to WNYW
  • 1967 EMI releases The Beatles' album "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" nation-wide in the UK; it goes to number one for 22 weeks in the UK
  • 1967 Mayor-council form of government instituted for Washington, D.C.
  • 1968 100th Belmont: Gus Gustines aboard Stage Door Johnny wins in 2:27.2
  • 1968 Simon & Garfunkel's single "Mrs Robinson" from "The Graduate" hits #1 (first rock song to win Grammy for Record of the Year)
  • 1968 St. Louis Cardinals side-arming left-hander Joe Hoerner ties NL record for most consecutive strikeouts by a relief pitcher, fanning the final 6 batters to earn a 6-5 victory over the New York Mets
  • 1969 Tobacco advertising is banned on Canadian radio & TV
  • 1970 "Everything Is Beautiful" by Ray Stevens hits #1

Sports History

1970 MLB Commissioner Bowie Kuhn reprimands Astro Jim Bouton for writing "Ball Four"

  • 1970 Soyuz 9 launched into Earth orbit for 18 days

Music History

1971 "You're a Good Man Charlie Brown" opens at the John Golden Theatre, NYC; runs for 31 performances

Music Premiere

1972 Dmitri Shostakovich's 15th Symphony, Dutch premieres in West Berlin

  • 1972 Iraq nationalizes Iraq Petroleum Company's (IPC) concession owned by British Petroleum, Royal Dutch-Shell, Compagnie Francaise des Petroles, Mobil and Standard Oil of New Jersey
  • 1972 Tswanaland becomes Bophuthatswana in South Africa

Historic Event

1972 West German police arrest Red Army Faction leader Andreas Baader

  • 1973 Eight OPEC countries raise price of petroleum by 11.9 percent
  • 1973 George Harrison's "Living in the Material World" album goes gold, 2 days after its US release
  • 1973 Greek President Papadopoulos asks for "parliamentary presidential republic"

Music Single

1973 Paul McCartney & Wings release single "Live & Let Die"

  • 1974 "My Girl Bill" by Jim Stafford hits #12
  • 1974 Arab oil ministers decide to end most restrictions on exports of oil to the United States but continue embargo against the Netherlands, Portugal, South Africa, and Rhodesia
  • 1974 Bundy victim Brenda Ball disappears from Burien, Washington
  • 1974 Chemical plant explodes in Flixborough Lincolnshire killing 28 in UK
  • 1974 The Heimlich maneuver for rescuing choking victims is published in the journal Emergency Medicine

Sports History

1975 California Angels pitcher Nolan Ryan records his record equalling 4th MLB career no-hitter in beating the Baltimore Orioles, 1-0

  • 1975 Cars in Netherlands must have seatbelts
  • 1975 John Kander and Fred Ebb's musical "Chicago" opens at 46th St Theater, NYC; runs for 947 performances

LPGA Championship

1975 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Pine Ridge GC: Kathy Whitworth wins her 3rd LPGA C'ship by 1 stroke from Sandra Haynie

  • 1975 Ronnie Wood replaces Mick Taylor as Rolling Stones guitarist
  • 1976 Great Britain and Iceland end the "cod war"
  • 1977 British Virgin Islands adopts constitution
  • 1977 Dutch soccer club FC Volendam is established as a result of split up with RKSV; 6-time Eerste Divisie champions
  • 1977 Russia charges Jewish rights activist Anatoly Shcharansky with treason
  • 1978 England cricket fast bowler Chris Old becomes only third man to capture 4 wickets in 5 balls in a Test, as Pakistan dismissed for 164 in 1st Test at Edgbaston; Old 5 for 70

Cricket Debut

1978 Future England cricket captain David Gower makes his Test debut in 1st Test against Pakistan in Birmingham; England win by an innings and 57 runs

Historic Event

1978 High Council destroys judgment against Dutch war criminal Pieter Menten