On This Day

Historical Events on June 11

  • 1184 BC Trojan War: Troy is sacked and burned, according to calculations by Eratosthenes
  • 631 Emperor Taizong of Tang of China, sends envoys to the Xueyantuo bearing gold and silk for the release of Chinese prisoners captured during transition from Sui to Tang from northern frontier; succeeds in freeing 80,000
  • 758 Diplomatic dispute at Tang Chinese capital Chang'an when Abbasid Arabs and Uyghur Turks both arrive to offer tribute. Settlement reached when both enter at same time through two different gates.
  • 1144 Basilica of St Denis is dedicated near Paris, the first fully Gothic church
  • 1231 Harderwijk (Netherlands) becomes a city
  • 1345 Alexios Apokaukos, chief minister of the Byzantine Empire, is lynched by political prisoners
  • 1429 Hundred Years' War: The start of the Battle of Jargeau (France)
  • 1488 Battle of Sauchieburn, rebellion against the Scottish crown results in death of King James III
  • 1517 Sir Thomas Pert reaches Hudson Bay
  • 1572 Spanish co-land guardian Duke of Medinaceli arrives in Lock
  • 1578 England grants Sir Humphrey Gilbert a patent to explore and colonize North America
  • 1594 Philip II recognized the rights and privileges of the local nobles and chieftains in the Philippines, which paves way to the creation of the Principalía (i.e., elite ruling class of native nobility in Spanish Philippines)
  • 1644 Florentine scientist Evangelista Torricelli describes his invention of the mercury barometer in 1643 in a letter to Michelangelo Ricci
  • 1666 -14] Vierdaagse Sea battle (Ruyter-Monk vs Prince Ruprecht)
  • 1676 Battle at Öland: Danish & Dutch fleet under CM Tromp beats Sweden
  • 1685 James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, rebels against Catholic king James II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1690 English king William III departs to Ireland

King of England William III
King of England
William III
  • 1699 England, France & Netherlands agree on 2nd Extermination Treaty of Spain
  • 1726 Cardinal Fleury succeeds Duke of Bourbon as French premier

InventionHistoric Invention

1742 Benjamin Franklin invents his Franklin stove

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1770 Captain James Cook discovers Great Barrier Reef off Australia

Explorer James Cook
Explorer
James Cook
  • 1774 Jews of Algiers escape attacking Spanish Army

USAUnited States Declaration of Independence

1776 Continental Congress creates committee to draft a Declaration of Independence with Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston as members

Learn More
Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
Learn More
  • 1788 1st British ship built on Pacific coast begun at Nootka Sound, BC
  • 1788 Russian explorer Gerasim Izmailov reaches Alaska
  • 1793 1st American stove patent is granted to Robert Haeterick
  • 1816 Gas Light Co of Baltimore founded
  • 1825 The first cornerstone is laid for Fort Hamilton in New York City
  • 1837 The Broad Street Riot occurs in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between English-Americans and Irish-Americans
  • 1864 The Battle of Trevilian Station, the bloodiest and largest all-cavalry battle of the American Civil War, begins in Louisa County, Virginia
  • 1864 300' (90 m) of Meigg's Wharf, in San Francisco, washed away in storm
  • 1864 Battle at Cynthiana Kentucky: General Hobsons unit caught
  • 1864 Battle of Laurel Hill, West Virginia
  • 1864 CSS Alabama, a Confederate screw sloop-of-war, arrives in port at Cherbourg, France
  • 1866 The Agra High Court (now the Allahabad High Court) is established in India
  • 1870 1st-stone Amstel Brewery opens in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1876 Republicans pick Rutherford B. Hayes as US presidential candidate

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • 1878 DC is given a new government by Congress, 3 commissioners appointed by president (change in 1974)
  • 1891 Puerto Rican flag adopted
  • 1892 The Limelight Department, one of the world's first film studios, is officially established in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1895 Charles Duryea patents a gas-driven automobile
  • 1896 US Assay Office in Deadwood South Dakota authorized

Spain Declares War Against the United StatesSpain Declares War Against the United States

1898 1st US Marines (600) land at Guantanamo, Cuba during the Spanish–American War

Read Article
Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
Read Article
  • 1898 23rd Preakness: Willie Simms riding Sly Fox wins in 1:49.75
  • 1898 Emperor De Zong proclaims reforms in Peking
  • 1900 -12] Battle at Diamond Hill: British troops chase General Botha

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 David Beatty and 150 men from HMS Barfleur land as part of a force of 2,400 defending Tientsin from 15,000 Chinese troops plus Boxers

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • 1901 Cook Islands annexed and proclaimed part of New Zealand
  • 1903 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Harry Vardon wins his 4th Open title by 6 strokes from younger brother Tom Vardon
  • 1904 Cubs' Bob Wicker no-hits NY Giants, wins in 12th on 1 hitter, 1-0
  • 1904 German Lt-Gen Lothar von Trotha lands in Swapokmund, SW-Africa
  • 1905 Penns Railroad debuts fastest train in world (NY-Chicago in 18 hrs)
  • 1907 Northants all out for 12 v Gloucestershire
  • 1907 George Dennett, aided by Gilbert Jessop, dismisses Northamptonshire for 12 runs, the lowest total in first-class cricket
  • 1909 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Cinque Ports GC: Englishman J.H. Taylor wins Championship for a 4th time, 6 strokes ahead of runners-up Tom Ball and James Braid

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Universal Negro Improvement Association founded by Marcus Garvey

Black Nationalist Marcus Garvey
Black Nationalist
Marcus Garvey
  • 1911 The Greek national assembly adopts a more liberal constitution
  • 1913 Grand Vizir Mahmud Shevket Pasha is assassinated, resulting in continuing Young Turk terrorism until WWI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 King Alexander assumes the throne of Greece after his father Constantine I abdicates under pressure by allied armies occupying Athens

King of Greece Constantine I
King of Greece
Constantine I
  • 1919 51st Belmont: J Loftus riding Sir Barton wins in 2:17.6 & Trip Crown

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1920 Republicans nominate Warren G. Harding for US president

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1921 53rd Belmont: Earl Sande riding Grey Lag wins in 2:16.8
  • 1921 Brazil adopts women's suffrage
  • 1924 Bene Brak Palestine founded
  • 1924 Koos Vorrink elected President of Arbeiders Jeugd Organisatie (AJC) Socialist Youth Movement
  • 1927 59th Belmont: Earl Sande riding Chance Shot wins in 2:32.6

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1927 Future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Babe Ruth hits 19th & 20th homers of MLB season record 60 HRs in New York's 6-4 win over Cleveland Indians at Yankees Stadium

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Charles Lindbergh is awarded the 1st Distinguished Flying Cross

Film release premierFilm Release

1928 Alfred Hitchcock's film, "Case Of Jonathan Drew," (or "The Lodger") is released

  • 1934 Disarmament conference in Geneva fails
  • 1935 Inventor Edwin Armstrong gives the first public demonstration of FM broadcasting in the United States, at Alpine, New Jersey
  • 1936 Presbyterian Church of America founded at Philadelphia
  • 1936 International Surrealist Exhibition opens in London, England
  • 1937 Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races", directed by Sam Wood, is released in the US
  • 1938 US Open Men's Golf, Cherry Hills CC: Ralph Guldahl wins back-to-back Open titles, 6 strokes ahead of runner-up Dick Metz
  • 1938 Cincinnati Red Johnny Vander Meer no-hits Boston Braves, 3-0
  • 1938 Compton scores 1st Test Cricket ton (102 v Aust) aged 20 yrs 19 days
  • 1938 5.0 Earthquake in Belgium kills 2, strongest in 45 years
  • 1938 England cricket team declare at 8 for 658 v Australia at Trent Bridge
  • 1938 French Championships Men's Tennis: American Don Budge beats Roderich Menzel of Czechoslovakia 6-3, 6-2, 6-4 for the 2nd leg of his Grand Slam
  • 1938 43rd Women's French Championships: Simonne Mathieu beats Nelly Adamson (6-0, 6-3)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 King and Queen of England taste 1st "hot dogs" at FDR's party

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1940 Italy declares war on Allies
  • 1940 British Premier Winston Churchill flies to Orleans
  • 1940 World War II: British forces bomb Genoa and Turin in Italy
  • 1940 World War II: First attack of the Italian Air force on the island of Malta
  • 1941 2nd great raid on Jews of Amsterdam
  • 1941 Vichy-French planes bomb Tel Aviv, killing 20 Jews
  • 1942 German army defeated at El-Alamein, North Africa
  • 1942 US and USSR sign Lend-Lease agreement during WW II
  • 1943 British invades Pantelleria (a tiny island south of Sicily)

  • 1944 15 US aircraft carriers attack Japanese bases on Marianas
  • 1944 1st Serbian Orthodox cathedral in US, Cathedral of St Sava, NYC
  • 1947 WW II sugar rationing finally ends in US (began May 28, 1942)

Sport awardUS Golf Open

1949 US Open Men's Golf, Medinah CC: Cary Middlecoff wins the first of his 2 Open titles, 1 stroke ahead of Clayton Heafner and Sam Snead

Golfer Sam Snead
Golfer
Sam Snead
  • 1949 81st Belmont: Ted Atkinson aboard Capot wins in 2:30.2
  • 1949 Emile Zatopek runs world record 10,000m (29:28.2)
  • 1950 50th US Open Men's Golf, Merion GC: 16 months after being severely injured in an auto accident, Ben Hogan beats Lloyd Mangrum by 4 shots and George Fazio by 6 in an 18-hole playoff; the "Miracle at Merion"
  • 1951 Mozambique becomes an oversea province of Portugal
  • 1951 NY Times reports the NYC subway will auction off things found

England Cricket’s Class Divide Hit For SixEngland Cricket’s Class Divide Hit For Six

1952 Opening batsman Len Hutton becomes the 1st professional cricketer to captain England in Tests

Read Article
WG Grace, bearded, centre, leads the 'Gentlemen' in a match against the 'Players' at Lord's in 1899
WG Grace, bearded, centre, leads the 'Gentlemen' in a match against the 'Players' at Lord's in 1899
Read Article
  • 1953 "Amos 'n Andy" TV Comedy, also radio from '29; last aired on CBS
  • 1953 Test Cricket debut of Alan Davidson at Trent Bridge
  • 1955 1st magnesium jet airplane flies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 87th Belmont: Eddie Arcaro aboard Nashua wins in 2:29

Racing Hall of Fame Jockey Eddie Arcaro
Racing Hall of Fame Jockey
Eddie Arcaro
  • 1955 Le Mans race car accident kills 83 spectators (race continues)
  • 1957 12 die in a train crash in Vroman, Colorado
  • 1958 UN Security council sends observers to Lebanon
  • 1959 Saunders-Roe SR.N1, the first practical hovercraft, performs its first public flight

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Postmaster General bans D H Lawrence's book, Lady Chatterley's Lover (overruled by US Court of Appeals in Mar 1960)

  • 1959 Charlie Sifford becomes the 1st African American to play in a US Golf Open
  • 1960 92nd Belmont: Bill Hartack aboard Celtic Ash wins in 2:29.2
  • 1960 House packed with wedding celebrants collapses killing 30 (Pakistan)
  • 1961 "Winston Churchill" last airs on ABC-TV
  • 1961 Norm Cash becomes 1st Detroit Tiger to hit a ball out of Tiger Stadium

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1961 Roger Maris hits 19th & 20th of 61 HRs

Baseball Player Roger Maris
Baseball Player
Roger Maris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 US President John F. Kennedy accepts an honorary degree from Yale

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 Brothers John and Clarence Anglin and fellow inmate Frank Morris escape from Alcatraz Island prison, the only ones to do so
  • 1963 Gov Wallace tries to prevent blacks registering at University of Alabama
  • 1963 Greek government of Karamanlis resigns
  • 1963 US President JFK says segregation is morally wrong and that it is "time to act"

VietnamVietnamese Monk Burns Himself Alive

1963 Buddhist monk Thích Quảng Đức immolates himself at a Saigon intersection, creating one of the Vietnam War's most iconic images

Learn More
Thích Quảng Đức moments after setting fire to himself in Saigon as an act of protest
Thích Quảng Đức moments after setting fire to himself in Saigon as an act of protest
Learn More
  • 1964 Chicago police break up Rolling Stones press conference
  • 1964 Manfred Mann record Do Wah Diddy Diddy Dum Diddy Do
  • 1964 Queen Elizabeth orders Beatles to her birthday party, they attend
  • 1964 West Germany seeks talks with Czechoslovakia
  • 1966 "(I'm A) Road Runner" by Jr Walker & The All-Stars peaks at #20
  • 1966 "I Am A Rock" by Simon & Garfunkel peaks at #3
  • 1966 "On A Clear Day You..." closes at Mark Hellinger NYC after 280 performances

Music release#1 in the Charts

1966 "Paint It Black" by The Rolling Stones peaks at #1 in the US

Drummer Charlie Watts
Drummer
Charlie Watts
  • 1966 "Skyscraper" closes at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC after 248 performances
  • 1966 "Sloop John B" by The Beach Boys hits #1 in UK
  • 1966 French and German media mistakenly report death of Roger Daltry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 Janis Joplin plays her 1st gig (San Francisco)

Singer-Songwriter Janis Joplin
Singer-Songwriter
Janis Joplin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 A. J. Foyt and Dan Gurney drive a Ford to victory in Le Mans

Racing Car Driver A. J. Foyt
Racing Car Driver
A. J. Foyt
  • 1967 Chicago Cubs (7) & NY Mets (4) tie record of 11 HRs in a game
  • 1967 Race riot in Tampa, Florida; National Guard mobilizes
  • 1967 Mexico becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
  • 1969 "The Ballad Of John & Yoko" by The Beatles hits #1 in UK
  • 1970 US leaves Wheelus AFB Libya
  • 1971 US & Japan sign accord to return Okinawa to Japan
  • 1971 US ends ban on China trade
  • 1972 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Pleasant Valley CC: Kathy Ahern wins her only major title, by 6 strokes ahead of runner-up Jane Blalock
  • 1972 31°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in June
  • 1972 KPAT-AM in Berkeley CA returns from KRE
  • 1972 Gun battle between Loyalist and Republican paramilitaries break out in the Oldpark area of Belfast
  • 1973 Libya nationalizes Bunker Hunt concession; Nigeria acquires 35 percent participation in Shell-BP concession
  • 1974 Bundy victim Georgann Hawkins disappears from UW, Seattle, Washington
  • 1974 Mel Stottlemyre sets an American League record by making his 272nd consecutive start without pitching a game in relief
  • 1975 1st oil pumped from North Sea oilfield
  • 1975 Greece adopts constitution

  • 1975 One-day international cricket debut of Javed Miandad aged 17 yrs 364 days

Film release premierFilm Release

1975 "Nashville", directed by Robert Altman and starring Ned Beatty and Ronee Blakley, is released

Film Director Robert Altman
Film Director
Robert Altman
  • 1976 "Magnificent Marble Machine" last airs on NBC-TV
  • 1976 Anti-apartheid advocate Dumisa Ntsebeza arrested in South Africa
  • 1976 Australian band AC/DC begin their 1st headline tour of Britain
  • 1976 Beatles "Rock & Roll Music" LP is released in USA
  • 1977 109th Belmont: Jean Cruguet riding Seattle Slew wins in 2:29.6
  • 1977 Dutch marines rescued hostages from a Moluccan held train in Holland
  • 1977 Main Street Electrical Parade premieres in the Magic Kingdom at Walt Disney World
  • 1977 "I'm Your Boogie Man" by KC and the Sunshine Band peaks at #1

Sport awardLPGA Championship

1978 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Jack Nicklaus GC: Nancy Lopez wins by 6 strokes from fellow American Amy Alcott

LPGA Golfer Nancy Lopez
LPGA Golfer
Nancy Lopez
  • 1978 Christa Tybus of London sets record of 24½ hrs of hula-hoop
  • 1978 Joseph Freeman Jr is 1st black priest in Church Of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints

Sport awardFrench Open Men's Tennis

1978 French Open Men's Tennis: Sweden's Björn Borg wins his 3rd French title; beats Guillermo Vilas of Argentina 6-1, 6-1, 6-3

Tennis Player Björn Borg
Tennis Player
Björn Borg
Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion Guillermo Vilas
Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion
Guillermo Vilas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Chuck Berry pleads guilty to income tax evasion, sentenced to 4 months

Rock Guitarist and Singer-Songwriter Chuck Berry
Rock Guitarist and Singer-Songwriter
Chuck Berry
  • 1979 French Open Men's Tennis: Björn Borg wins 2nd of 4 straight French titles and 6 overall; beats Victor Pecci of Paraguay 6-3, 6-1, 6-7, 6-4
  • 1980 K-Ingleside streetcar converts to METRO service (San Francisco)
  • 1981 Cannibal Issei Sagawa kills Dutch student
  • 1981 Mariners beat Orioles 8-2 at Kingdome, then players go on strike
  • 1981 Richter Scale 6.9 magnitude Golbaf earthquake in Iran, kills at least 2,000
  • 1982 Israel and Syria stop fighting in Lebanon

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1982 Larry Holmes TKOs Gerry Cooney in 13 for heavyweight boxing title

WBC Heavyweight Champion Larry Holmes
WBC Heavyweight Champion
Larry Holmes

BeatificationPapal Visit

1982 Pope John Paul II visits Argentina

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II

Film release premierFilm Release

1982 "E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial", directed by Steven Spielberg, starring Henry Thomas and Drew Barrymore, is released

  • 1983 "Always Something There To Remind Me" by Naked Eyes peaks at #8
  • 1983 "Cool Places" by Sparks & Jane Wiedlin peaks at #49
  • 1983 "Faithfully" by Journey peaks at #12

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 "My Love" by Lionel Richie peaks at #5

  • 1983 "Theme From Doctor Detroit" by Devo peaks at #59
  • 1983 "When I'm With You" by Sheriff peaks at #61

  • 1983 115th Belmont: Laffit Pincay Jr.aboard Caveat wins in 2:27.8
  • 1983 Cards outfielder Lonnie Smith checks into a drug rehab
  • 1983 Zhu Jianhua of China set a new world record in high jump at 7-9 14
  • 1984 Funeral for S Nakagawa & burial of half of his ashes
  • 1984 US Supreme Court declares illegally obtained evidence may be admitted at trial if it could be proved that it would have been discovered legally
  • 1984 Michael Larson shown winning record $110,237 on American TV game show "Press Your Luck" by memorizing patterns
  • 1985 Russian space probe Vega 1 lands on Venus
  • 1985 Von Hayes becomes 21st to hit 2 HRs in an inning (Phils-26, Mets-7)
  • 1985 WJW-AM/TV in Cleveland Ohio change call letters to WRMR
  • 1986 "Blacke's Magic" last airs on NBC-TV
  • 1986 Amnesty International megaconcert

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 Margaret Thatcher is 1st British Prime Minister in 160 years to win a third consecutive term

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher
  • 1988 "Everything Your Heart Desires" by Daryl Hall & John Oates peaks at #3
  • 1988 "Rooty Toot Toot" by John Cougar Mellencamp peaks at #61

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 "We All Sleep Alone" by Cher peaks at #14

Goddess of Pop  Cher
Goddess of Pop
Cher
  • 1988 120th Belmont: Eddie Delahoussaye aboard Risen Star wins in 2:26.6
  • 1988 25th Curtis Cup: British Isles, 11-7
  • 1988 Freedomfest - Mandela addresses Wembley Stadium London
  • 1988 Galina Chistyakova of USSR sets long jump woman's record (24"8½")