On This Day

Historical Events on June 12

  • 28 Roman General Gaius Carrinas' triumphant procession through Rome, awarded for fighting in Gaul
  • 1418 An insurrection delivers Paris to the Burgundians

Victory in Battle

1442 King Alfonso V of Aragon occupies Naples

  • 1458 Magdalen College, Oxford founded by William Waynflete, Bishop of Winchester
  • 1523 Frisian rebel leader Jancko Douwama arrested
  • 1534 Turkish admiral Chaireddin "Barbarossa" allows Giulia Gonzaga to kidnap and plunder in Naples
  • 1552 Land guardians of Netherlands attack Verdun
  • 1553 King Edward VI accepts Archbishop Cranmer's "42 Articles"
  • 1560 Battle of Okehazama: Oda Nobunaga defeats Imagawa Yoshimoto.

Historic Event

1651 The newly completed Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi (Fountain of the Four Rivers) by Gian Lorenzo Bernini is unveiled in Rome

  • 1653 - 13] First Anglo-Dutch War: Battle of the Gabbard/ Battle at North Foreland, English fleet beats the Dutch
  • 1665 New Amsterdam legally becomes an English colony and renamed New York after English Duke of York
  • 1665 England installs a municipal government in New York City
  • 1667 -13] Michiel de Ruyter destroys English fleet
  • 1672 French army under Gen Turenne crosses Rhine at Lobith

Historic Event

1673 Charles II's brother duke James of York resigns as Lord High Admiral

  • 1691 Pope Innocent XII succeeds Alexander VIII
  • 1701 Act of Settlement gives English crown to Sophia, Princess of Hanover
  • 1714 Prussia and Russia sign secret treaty
  • 1772 Marion du Fresne is killed at Tacoury's Cove, Bay of Islands, New Zealand, by local Māori
  • 1775 1st naval battle of Revolution-Unity (US) captures Margaretta (Br)
  • 1776 Virginia adopts Declaration of Rights
  • 1787 US Law passes providing a senator must be at least 30 years old
  • 1792 Captain George Vancouver discovers site of Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1819 Dutch colonial troops driven out of Palembang, Sumatra
  • 1830 Beginning of the French colonization of Algeria: 34,000 French soldiers land 27 kilometers west of Algiers, at Sidi Ferruch
  • 1838 Hopkins Observatory, dedicated in Williamstown, Massachusetts
  • 1838 Iowa Territory forms with Burlington as its capital
  • 1840 Meteorite hits Uden, Netherlands
  • 1845 George Abernethy becomes 1st governor of Oregon Country
  • 1849 Gas mask patented by Lewis Haslett (Louisville, Kentucky)
  • 1859 Comstock Silver Lode in Nevada discovered, first major silver discovery in the US
  • 1860 The State Bank of the Russian Empire is established.
  • 1861 Missouri Governor Claiborne Jackson calls for 50,000 volunteers to stop Federates from taking over his state

Historic Event

1864 General Lee sends Jubal A. Early into Shenandoah Valley

  • 1864 Skirmish at Mcafee's Cross Road, Georgia, about 57 die in battle
  • 1864 The Battle of Trevilian Station, the bloodiest and largest all-cavalry battle of the American Civil War in Louisa County ends with Confederate tactical victory and Union successful retreat
  • 1867 Austro-Hungarian Empire forms

Historic Event

1873 John William Strutt [Lord Raleigh] becomes President of the Royal Society (UK)

  • 1875 9th Belmont: Bobby Swim aboard Calvin wins in 2:42.25
  • 1880 Worcester Ruby Legs pitcher Lee Richmond throws first perfect game in MLB history in 1-0 win over Cleveland Blues at the Agricultural County Fair Grounds, Worcester
  • 1881 The USS Jeannette, under the command of George Washington De Long, is crushed by Arctic ice after 21 months of ice-bound drifting
  • 1885 Roof collapse kills 30 at murder trial in France
  • 1889 88 people are killed in the Armagh rail disaster, Ireland.
  • 1892 Netherlands Society for Currency & Coin collecting forms
  • 1894 British Open Men's Golf, Royal St George's GC: J.H. Taylor wins first Open played outside Scotland; beats Douglas Rolland by 5 strokes
  • 1896 England cricket spin bowler Jack Hearne sets record for earliest date taking 100 first-class wickets in a season when he captures 9-73 for the MCC in an innings & 18 run drubbing of Australia at Lord's
  • 1897 Possibly the most severe quake in history strikes Assam, India, Shock waves felt over an area size of Europe (low mortality rate given size of earthquake, 1,500 casualties).

Philippine Revolution

1898 Filipino revolutionary forces under General Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed the sovereignty and independence of the Philippine Islands from the colonial rule of Spain

  • 1899 New Richmond Tornado: the eighth deadliest tornado in U.S. history kills 117 peoples and injures around 200
  • 1900 In Germany, the Reichstag pass the second Navy Bill, which calls for doubling the German Navy within 20 years
  • 1901 In Cuba, the constitutional convention - knowing that the USA will not withdraw its troops until does so - adopts the Platt Amendment as part of its constitution
  • 1903 Niagara Falls, Ontario incorporated as a city
  • 1903 The Sigma Alpha Iota International Music Fraternity is founded at the University of Michigan School of Music
  • 1907 Yanks commit 11 errors & lose 14-6 to Tigers
  • 1908 Lusitania crosses Atlantic in record 4 days 15 hours (NYC)
  • 1909 "Shine On, Harvest Moon" by Ada Jones & Billy Murray hits #1
  • 1910 Dutch soccer club PEC forms in Zwolle; renamed FC Zwolle in 1990 and back to PEC Zwolle in 2012
  • 1913 "Dachshund" by Pathe Freres, early animated cartoon, released
  • 1916 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Defending champion Molla Bjurstedt outclasses Louise Hammond Raymond 6-0, 6-1
  • 1917 US Secret Service extends protection of the President to include his family
  • 1918 1st aerial bombing raid by an American unit, France

US Golf Open

1919 US Open Men's Golf, Brae Burn CC: Walter Hagen defeats Mike Brady by 1 stroke in an 18-hole playoff to win his second and final US Open

  • 1919 Dutch 2nd Chamber accord for equal Christian-public education
  • 1920 52nd Belmont: Clarence Kummer aboard Man o' War wins in 2:14.2
  • 1920 Farmer Labor Party organized (Chicago)
  • 1922 German Reich president Friedrich Ebert visits Munich

Baseball Record

1922 Browns pitcher Hub Pruett strikes out future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Babe Ruth 3 consecutive times as St. Louis beats New York Yankees, 7 - 1 at Sportsman's Park, St. Louis

  • 1922 St Louis Cardinals make MLB record 10 straight hits in 6th inning of a 14-8 win over the Phillies at the Baker Bowl, Philadelphia

Historic Event

1923 Harry Houdini frees himself from a straight jacket while suspended upside down, 40 feet (12 m) above ground in NYC

  • 1926 58th Belmont: Albert Johnson aboard Crusader wins in 2:32.2
  • 1926 Brazil leaves League of Nations

Baseball Record

1928 New York Yankees future Baseball Hall of Fame first baseman Lou Gehrig collects 14 total bases with 2 triples and 2 home runs in a 15-7 win over Chicago White Sox

  • 1930 German boxer Max Schmeling beats Jack Sharkey by disqualification in 4 rounds in NYC for vacant NBA, NYSAC, The Ring and lineal heavyweight titles; first time title won on a foul

Historic Event

1931 Al Capone is indicted on 5,000 counts of prohibition and perjury

  • 1933 Financial and Economy World conference opens (66 countries)

Historic Event

1934 Black-McKeller Bill passes causes the break-up of William Boeing's empire into Boeing United Aircraft [Technologies] and United Airlines

  • 1935 Weapons pact ends 3 year war of Gran Chaco (Bolivia vs Paraguay)
  • 1935 Senator Huey Long of Louisiana speaks continually for 15½ hours in then Senate's longest speech (150,000 words)
  • 1936 1st 50 KW US radio station (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania)
  • 1936 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Topeka CC: Opal Hill scores a 3 & 2 win over Mrs. Charkes Dennehy to claim her second consecutive major title
  • 1937 US Open Men's Golf, Oakland Hills CC: Ralph Guldahl wins first of his 2 consecutive US titles, 2 strokes ahead of Sam Snead

Execution

1937 After a one-day show trial, eight Soviet generals are sentenced to death and executed by the NKVD

  • 1939 US Open Men's Golf, Philadelphia Cricket Club: Byron Nelson wins by 3 strokes from Craig Wood and 7 ahead of Denny Shute in a 36-hole playoff to claim the second of his 5 major titles
  • 1939 Baseball Hall of Fame is dedicated in Cooperstown, New York
  • 1939 Shooting begins on Paramount Pictures' Dr. Cyclops, the first horror film photographed in three-strip Technicolor.

Historic Event

1942 Anne Frank gets her diary as a birthday present in Amsterdam

Historic Event

1942 Hitler orders enslavement of Slavic peoples

  • 1942 Tornado kills 35 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • 1944 1st V-1 rocket assault on London
  • 1944 British 12th airborne battalion and the 13th & 18th Hussars attack and capture Bréville
  • 1944 Churchill/Marshall/Arnold visit Montgomery's HQ in Chateau de Creully
  • 1944 US troop march into Carentan/Caumont, Normandy
  • 1945 US 7th Marine regiment conquer summit of Kunishi Ridge, Okinawa
  • 1947 British Amateur Women's Golf, Gullane GC: Babe Didrikson becomes first American to win event; beats England's Jacqueline Gordon 5 & 4
  • 1948 "Hold It!" closes at National Theater NYC after 46 performances
  • 1948 The musical "Sleepy Hollow" closes at St James Theater NYC after 12 performances
  • 1948 US Open Men's Golf, Riviera CC: Ben Hogan dominates final 2 rounds, shooting 68-69, 2 shots ahead of runner-up Jimmy Demaret; third of his 9 major titles

Sports History

1948 80th Belmont: Eddie Arcaro wins aboard Citation to claim his second Triple Crown

Sports History

1948 In his farewell Ashes Tour, Australian cricket batting maestro Don Bradman scores 138 in 1st Test against England at Trent Bridge

  • 1950 2 Air France DC-4s crash near Bahrain, about 100 die

Sports History

1950 Following his retirement announcement after 49 years as Philadelphia Athletics manager Connie Mack is named Honorary Manager of the MLB All-Star Game

  • 1952 USSR declares peace treaty with Japan invalid
  • 1952 2nd Berlin International Film Festival: "One Summer of Happiness" wins Golden Bear (audience vote)
  • 1954 "Girl in Pink Tights" closes at Mark Hellinger NYC after 115 performances
  • 1954 86th Belmont: Eric Guerin aboard High Gun wins in 2:30.8

Music History

1954 Bill Haley's "Rock Around the Clock" is originally released

  • 1954 Milwaukee Braves spot starting pitcher Jim Wilson throws first no-hitter in history of County Stadium when he blanks Philadelphia Phillies, 2-0
  • 1955 TV comedy "Mister Peepers" starring Wally Cox airs for last time on NBC
  • 1955 Monitor (full weekend program) begins on NBC radio network
  • 1957 Paul Anderson of US back-lifts a record 2850 kg (6,270 lbs)

Baseball Record

1957 Stan Musial plays in 823rd game (new NL consecutive-game streak)

  • 1958 "Make Me Laugh" TV Game Show last airs on ABC-TV, syndicated 1979
  • 1960 KORN (now KDLT) TV channel 5 in Mitchell-Sioux Falls, SD (ABC) begins
  • 1961 Dutch Lockheed Electricity "Sirius" accident at Cairo, kills 20
  • 1962 Laos Prince Souvanna Phouma forms coalition government
  • 1962 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 56,270 m
  • 1963 American civil rights activist Medgar Evers is assassinated by white supremacist Byron De La Beckwith in Jackson, Mississippi

Film Premiere

1963 "Cleopatra" directed by Joseph Mankiewicz and starring Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton premieres in NYC, then most expensive film ever made

  • 1965 "Bajour" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 232 performances
  • 1965 "I Had a BaIl" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 199 performances
  • 1965 "What Makes Sammy Run?" closes at 84th St Theater NYC after 540 performances
  • 1965 The Beatles are awarded a MBE
  • 1965 Morio Shigematsu of Japan runs world record marathon (2:12:00) in the Polytechnic Marathon in London, England

TV Show Appearance

1965 Sonny and Cher make their 1st TV appearance in "American Bandstand"

  • 1965 South Vietnam Gen Nguyen Cao Ky succeeds Phan Huy Quat as premier
  • 1965 Big Bang theory of creation of universe is supported by announcement of discovery of new celestial bodies know as blue galaxies

TV Show Appearance

1966 Dave Clark Five sets record as they appear for 12th time on "The Ed Sullivan Show"

  • 1967 Race riot in Cincinnati Ohio (300 arrested)
  • 1967 In the case of Loving v. Virginia, United States Supreme Court unanimously strikes down laws against interracial marriages
  • 1967 USSR launches Venera 4 for parachute landing on Venus
  • 1967 Washington Senators beat Chicago White Sox, 6-5 in 22 innings at D.C. Stadium

Film Premiere

1967 "You Only Live Twice", 5th James Bond film starring Sean Connery, screenplay by Roald Dahl, premieres in London

  • 1968 U.S. premiere of horror film "Rosemary's Baby", based on the bestselling novel of the same name by Ira Levin
  • 1970 Pittsburgh Pirates pitcher Doc Ellis no-hits the Padres, 2-0 at San Diego Stadium

Music Concert

1970 Rocker and blues singer Janis Joplin debuts in Kentucky

Album Release

1972 John Lennon's political album "Sometime in NYC" released including the songs "Woman is the Nigger of the World", "Attica State" and "Luck of the Irish"

  • 1973 New Zealand all-rounder Bevan Congdon scores 176 as Kiwis chase 479 in 1st Test v England at Nottingham; tourists just miss out, dismissed for 440
  • 1973 Yanks trade wife swapper Mike Kekich for Lowell Palmer
  • 1973 Coleraine bombings: six Protestant civilians were killed and 33 wounded by a Provisional Irish Republican Army car bomb in Coleraine, County Londonderry
  • 1975 Billy Williams's 400th career HR

Baseball Event

1975 Hank Aaron smacks his first home run in Milwaukee since 1965 as his new team, the Brewers beat Oakland A's, 9-7

Music History

1976 "Yes, Yes, Yes" by Bill Cosby hits #46

  • 1977 "Pippin" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 1944 performances

LPGA Championship

1977 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Bay Tree Plantation GC: Chako Higuchi of Japan wins her only LPGA major title by 3 from Pat Bradley, Sandra Post & Judy Rankin

Historic Event

1977 Groundbreaking ceremony for John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum

  • 1978 David Berkowitz sentenced in NY Supreme Court to 25 yrs to life
  • 1978 US House of Representatives allows live radio coverage
  • 1979 Kevin St Onge throws a playing card a record 185 ft-1 inch; record broken in 1992
  • 1979 Opening ceremony at Cambridge Buddhist Association meditation in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1979 Sandinista occupies parts of Managua

Baseball Event

1979 Detroit Tigers fire manager Les Moss, hiring Sparky Anderson who stays until 1995; includes World Series title 1984 and AL Manager of the Year Award 1984 and 1987

  • 1979 Bryan Allen flew man-powered Gossamer Albatross over English Channel in a human-powered aircraft; flight took 2 hrs, 49 min

Historic Event

1980 Ronald Reagan says he will submit to periodic medical tests

Film Premiere

1981 "Raiders of the Lost Ark" (the first Indiana Jones film) directed by Stephen Spielberg, produced by George Lucas, and starring Harrison Ford premieres

  • 1981 Baseball players begin a 50 day strike, their 3rd strike
  • 1981 Only candidate Hassan Gouled Aptidon wins Djibouti Presidential election
  • 1982 750,000 anti-nuclear demonstrators, rally in Central Park NYC
  • 1982 Battle of Mount Longdon Falkland Islands
  • 1982 Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel perform in Rotterdam
  • 1983 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Jack Nicklaus GC: Patty Sheehan comes from 7 strokes behind with a final round a 66 (−6) to finish 2 strokes ahead of runner-up Sandra Haynie
  • 1983 Comet C/1983 (Sugano-Saigusa-Fujikawa) approaches 0.0628 AUs of Earth
  • 1983 Winston Davis takes 7-51 in Cricket World Cup match v Australia
  • 1983 Senior Tournament Players Championship Men's Golf, Canterbury GC: Miller Barber inaugural champion by 1 stroke from Gene Littler
  • 1984 38th NBA Championship: Boston Celtics beat LA Lakers, 4 games to 3, to win the championship title

Historic Event

1986 P. W. Botha declares South African national emergency

  • 1987 US President Ronald Reagan challenges Mikhail Gorbachev to "tear down" the Berlin wall
  • 1988 Andy Hampton is 1st American to win Round of Italy
  • 1988 The Republic of Ireland beats England 1-0 at Euro88 thanks to a headed goal by Ray Houghton. This is Ireland's first competitive match at a major football tournament.
  • 1988 Senior Tournament Players Championship Men's Golf, TPC of Sawgrass: Billy Casper wins final career major title by 2 strokes from Al Geiberger

A Beautiful Day in Moscow

1988 Soviet Union holds its 1st beauty content in Moscow, 16 year old Maria Kalinina crowned the winner

  • 1989 "Doctor Doctor", TV Comedy starring Matt Frewer, debuts on CBS-TV
  • 1989 Canadian Olympian Ben Johnson admits using steroids
  • 1990 Egypt (500-1 longshot) ties favorite the Netherlands 1-1 in World Cup game

Baseball Record

1990 NY Yankee reliever Dave Righetti becomes 9th to record 200 saves

Baseball Record

1990 Oakland A's Rickey Henderson becomes 2nd to steal 900 bases

Baseball Record

1990 Orioles Cal Ripken plays in his 1,308th consecutive game to move past Everett Scott into 2nd place on the all-time list

  • 1990 NY Mets beat Chicago Cubs 19-8 at Wrigley Field, Cubs outfielder Doug Dazcenzo pitched a scoreless 9th inning

Album Release

1990 "Mariah Carey" debut album by Mariah Carey is released

Election of Interest

1991 Boris Yeltsin wins Russia's first presidential election with 57% of the vote

NBA Finals

1991 NBA Finals: Chicago Bulls beat LA Lakers, 108-101 in Game 5 for first of 3 straight titles; MVP: Michael Jordan in his first NBA Finals appearance

  • 1991 Boris Yelstin elected President of Russian Federation
  • 1993 "Three Little Pigs" by Green Jelly hits #17

Papal Visit

1994 -17] Pope John Paul II visits Spain

  • 1994 48th Tony Awards: Angels in America: Perestroika & Passion win
  • 1994 Cab Calloway suffered massive stroke at his home in White Plaines NY
  • 1994 Moshood Abiola declares himself lawful President of Nigeria
  • 1996 3 Philadelphia Fed Court judges overturn US indecency ban on internet
  • 1996 Marge Schott gives up day-to-day operations because of her numerous insensitive comments about Adolf Hitler, working women & Asians
  • 1997 1st ever baseball inter-league game SF Giants beat Texas Rangers 4-3

Globe Theatre Fire

1997 Shakespeare's Globe theatre opens in London, England, replica of original Globe theatre (1599-1642) with performance of Henry V, after campaign by Sam Wanamaker

  • 1999 Kosovo War: Operation Joint Guardian begins - a NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping force KFor enters the province of Kosovo in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
  • 2000 Sandro Rosa do Nascimento takes hostages while robbing Bus #174 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; the highly-publicized standoff becomes a media circus and ends with the death of do Nascimento and a hostage.

NBA Finals

2002 NBA Finals: Los Angeles Lakers beat New Jersey Nets, 113-107 for a 4-0 sweep and 3rd straight title; MVP: Shaquille O'Neal for 3rd consecutive Finals series