On This Day

Historical Events on June 13

  • 1325 Ibn Battuta begins his travels, leaving his home in Tangiers to travel to Mecca (gone 24 years)
  • 1373 Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of Alliance (world's oldest extant) signed in London
  • 1392 Assassination attempt on Olivier de Clisson, Constable of France, by Pierre de Craon fails

Historic Event

1547 King Ferdinand of Austria subjects himself on Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent

  • 1611 John Fabricius dedicates earliest sunspot publication
  • 1665 Battle of Lowestoft, off Suffolk, England: English fleet beats Dutch
  • 1707 Hungary declares itself independent under Ferenc Rákóczi II (aka Francis II Rákóczi)
  • 1721 England signs Treaty of Madrid
  • 1727 Spain underwrites Preliminairy of Paris
  • 1753 Austria, Great Britain & Modena sign secret military treaty
  • 1774 Rhode Island becomes first colony to prohibit importation of slaves
  • 1777 Leonard Norcross patents a submarine diving suit
  • 1789 Mrs Alexander Hamilton serves ice cream for dessert to Washington

Historic Event

1792 King Louis XVI dismisses French government

  • 1798 Mission San Luis Rey de Francia founded in California

Historic Event

1828 Simon Bolívar proclaimed dictator

  • 1837 1st Mormon missionaries to British Isles leave Kirtland, Ohio
  • 1854 Anthony Faas, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, patents the 1st US accordion, having made improvements to both the keyboard, and to enhance the sound (Patent No. 11,062)

Music Premiere

1855 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Les vêpres sicilenne" (The Sicilian Vespers) premieres at the Paris Opéra

  • 1863 Second Battle of Winchester, Virginia
  • 1863 Samuel Butler publishes 1st part of "Erewhon" in Christchurch, New Zealand
  • 1863 Skirmish at Berryville, Virginia

Historic Event

1865 President Andrew Johnson proclaims reconstruction of confederate states

  • 1866 US House of representatives passes 14th Amendment (Civil rights)
  • 1868 Oscar Dunn becomes first African American to be elected a Lieutenant Governor, of Louisiana
  • 1871 Hurricane kills 300 in Labrador
  • 1874 8th Belmont: G Barbee aboard Saxon wins in 2:39.5
  • 1878 Congress of Berlin begins, determines the territories of the states in the Balkan peninsula following the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78
  • 1881 The USS Jeannette, under the command of George Washington De Long, sinks in the Arctic circle following 21 months of drifting after becoming trapped in the ice
  • 1886 Fire destroys nearly 1,000 buildings in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1888 US Congress creates Department of Labor
  • 1889 2' of snow accumulates in Rawlins, Wyoming
  • 1889 23rd Belmont: W Hayward aboard Eric wins in 2:47.25
  • 1890 Eagle Avenue in the Bronx is cut out and named
  • 1890 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia Cricket Club: Ellen Roosevelt beats defending champion Bertha Townsend 6-2, 6-2
  • 1895 Emile Levassor wins the first automobile race in history the Paris-Bordeaux-Paris, taking 48 hours and 48 minutes (1,178 km)
  • 1895 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Englishman J.H. Taylor retains title; beats Sandy Herd of Scotland by 4 shots

Sports History

1896 British Open Men's Golf, Muirfield: Harry Vardon of Jersey wins first of 6 Open titles by 4 strokes in a 36-hole playoff with defending champion J.H. Taylor

  • 1898 Yukon Territory of Canada established, Dawson chosen as capital
  • 1900 In China, Baron von Kettler, the German minister to China, beats two young Boxers with his walking stick; when word of this circulates, rioting and arson spread throughout Peking during the night
  • 1902 Prussian Upper house gives 350 million marks to Poland
  • 1905 New York Giants future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Christy Mathewson throws his 2nd no-hitter, beating Chicago Cubs, 1-0 at West Side Grounds, Chicago
  • 1907 Lowest temperature ever in 48 US states for June, 2°F in Tamarack, California

Boxing Title Fight

1908 Canadian champion Tommy Burns KOs Bill Squires of Australia in 8th round at Neuilly Bowling Palace, Paris to retain world heavyweight boxing title

  • 1910 Pilot Charles Hamilton makes 1st 1-day round-trip from NY to Philadelphia
  • 1910 William D Crum, a South Carolina physician, appointed US minister to Liberia
  • 1912 NY Giant Christy Mathewson wins his 300th game
  • 1913 45th Belmont: Roscoe Troxler aboard Prince Eugene wins in 2:18
  • 1913 Yanks win 13th game of year after losing 36 games

Historic Event

1914 Eleftherios Venizelos announces that Greece intends to annex Chios and Mytilene, two large islands off the Turkish coast; Greece and Turkey have been heading towards conflict for months over claims to Aegean islands

  • 1914 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Mary Browne wins her 3rd consecutive US title beating fellow American Marie Wagner 6–2, 1–6, 6–1; event moves to Forest Hills 1915
  • 1915 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: American based Norwegian Molla Bjurstedt beats Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman 4-6, 6-2, 6-0 for her first of 4 straight US singes titles
  • 1917 World War I: the deadliest German air raid on London during World War I is carried out by Gotha G bombers and results in 162 deaths, including 46 children with 432 injuries
  • 1918 Phillies and Cards tie 8-8 in 19 innings
  • 1921 Yanks' pitcher Babe Ruth hits 2 HRs beating Tigers 11-8
  • 1922 Longest recorded attack of hiccups begins: Charlie Osborne gets the hiccups and continues for 68 years, dies 11 months after it stops
  • 1924 Bene Berak, Palestine, founded
  • 1924 Gaston Doumergue elected as the 1st protestant French President
  • 1924 Yanks win by forfeit over Tigers, their 3rd forfeit win
  • 1925 American William DeHart Hubbard sets men's long jump world record at 7.89m (25 ft 10 3⁄4 in) in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1925 57th Belmont: Albert Johnson aboard American Flag wins in 2:16.8
  • 1925 Charles Jenkins demonstrates the transmission of synchronized pictures and sound (early television)

Historic Event

1927 Ticker-tape parade welcomes Charles A Lindbergh to NYC

  • 1930 22 people killed by hailstones in Siatista, Greece
  • 1931 63rd Belmont: Charley Kurtsinger aboard Twenty Grand wins in 2:29.6
  • 1932 Great Britain and France sign peace treaty
  • 1933 1st sodium vapor lamps installed (Schenectady, NY)
  • 1933 Federal Home Owners Loan Corporation authorized

Historic Event

1933 German Secret State Police (Gestapo - Geheime Staats Polizei) established by Hermann Goering

  • 1935 Hammond scores his 100th hundred, 116 for Gloucs v Somerset
  • 1935 10-to-1 underdog James J Braddock upsets defending champion Max Baer in a 15 round unanimous points decision at Madison Square Garden, NYC for the world heavyweight boxing title
  • 1936 2nd Belgian government of Van Zealand forms

Baseball Record

1937 Joe DiMaggio hits 3 consecutive HRs against St Louis Browns

  • 1938 Great Cricket innings of 232 by Stan McCabe v England at Trent Bridge
  • 1938 Jews injured & property destroyed in Przemyal, Poland
  • 1940 Paris evacuates before German advance
  • 1942 1st V-2 rocket launch, Peenemunde, Germany; reached 1.3 km
  • 1942 Germany lands 4 saboteurs on Long Island
  • 1942 US Office of Strategic Services (OSS) formed
  • 1942 The United States opens its Office of War Information, with Elmer Davis as head
  • 1944 German counter attack on Villers-Bocage, Normandy
  • 1944 Nazi Germany begins V-1 (Fieseler Fi-103) flying bomb (doodle-bugs) attacks
  • 1945 Heerjansdam soccer team forms
  • 1945 Orokoe peninsula Okinawa captured, with 6,000 dead
  • 1946 1st transcontinental round-trip flight in 1-day, California-Maryland
  • 1946 King Umberto II of Italy abdicates
  • 1947 1st night game at Fenway Park (Red Sox 5, White Sox 3)

Sports History

1948 Babe Ruth's final farewell at Yankee Stadium, he dies Aug 16th

  • 1950 South African parliament accept "Groups Area Act"
  • 1951 UN arm forces reach Pyongyang Korea
  • 1952 Soviet fighters shoot Swedish Dakota down over East Sea, kills 8

US Golf Open

1953 US Open Men's Golf, Oakmont CC: Ben Hogan wins a record-tying 4th US Open title, 6 strokes ahead of runner-up Sam Snead

  • 1953 85th Belmont: Eric Guerin aboard Native Dancer wins in 2:28.6
  • 1953 Alec Bedser takes 14-99 (7-55 & 7-44) v Australia

World Record

1953 Jim Peters runs world record marathon (2:18:40.2)

  • 1953 KOAA TV channel 5 in Pueblo-Colorado Spgs, CO (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • 1954 Cornerstone of Albert Einstein College of Medicine laid in Bronx
  • 1955 Mercedes racing car kills 77 at Le Mans, France
  • 1956 "Shangri-La" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 21 performances
  • 1956 The last British troops leave the Suez Canal Zone in Egypt
  • 1956 Parliamentary election: Dutch Democrats 50/KVP 49
  • 1956 1st European Cup Final, Paris: Héctor Rial scores twice as Real Madrid beats Stade de Reims, 4-3 to claim inaugural title
  • 1957 Mayflower II from Plymouth, England, reaches Plymouth, Massachusetts

Sports History

1957 Ted Williams becomes 1st ALer to have 2, 3-HR games in a season

  • 1958 Frank Zappa graduates from Antelope Valley High School in Lancaster, California
  • 1959 "Sammy Kaye Show" last airs on ABC-TV
  • 1959 91st Belmont: Bill Shoemaker aboard Sword Dancer wins in 2:28.6
  • 1960 "Alley-Oop" by Dyna-Sores peaks at #59
  • 1960 Prince Norodom Sihanoek becomes head of Cambodia
  • 1961 Billy Barnes' musical revue "Billy Barnes People", starting Ken Berry, Dave Ketchum, and Jo Anne Worley, opens at Royale Theater, NYC; runs for 7 performances
  • 1962 Norway named ombudsman

Film Release

1962 "Lolita" film based on Vladimir Nabokov's novel directed by Stanley Kubrick, starring James Mason and Sue Lyon is released

  • 1964 Basil Heatley runs world record marathon (2:13:55)
  • 1965 19th Tony Awards: "Subject Was Roses" & "Fiddler on the Roof" win
  • 1965 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Beverly CC: Susie Maxwell wins by 3 strokes ahead of runner-up Marlene Hagge
  • 1965 Vietnam War: Battle of Dong Xoai ends in a Viet Cong victory
  • 1966 US Supreme Court's Miranda decision; suspects must be informed of rights

Historic Event

1967 Thurgood Marshall nominated as 1st African American Supreme Court justice

Music History

1969 Mick Taylor leaves John Mayall Band and joins The Rolling Stones

  • 1970 "In The Summertime" by Mungo Jerry hits #1 in UK
  • 1970 Beatles' "Let It Be" album goes #1 & stays #1 for 4 weeks
  • 1970 Beatles' "Long & Winding Road" single goes #1 & stays #1 for 2 weeks

LPGA Championship

1971 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Pleasant Valley CC: Kathy Whitworth wins by 4 strokes from Kathy Ahern

  • 1971 "The New York Times" begins publishing excerpts from the Pentagon Papers, classified documents on the long history of the U.S. in Vietnam
  • 1971 In defiance of a government ban, members of the Orange Order march through the mainly Catholic town of Dungiven, County Londonderry, causing a riot
  • 1972 The Irish Republican Army invites British Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Willie Whitelaw to 'Free Derry'; Whitelaw rejects offer and reaffirms his policy to not "let part of the United Kingdom ... default from the rule of law"
  • 1973 Garvey, Lopes, Cey & Russell play together for 1st time, set record of staying together as an infield for 8½ years (LA Dodgers)
  • 1974 Henry Aaron addresses House of Representatives
  • 1974 IMF establishes its "oil facility", a special fund for loans to nations whose balance of payments have been severely affected by high oil prices

Golf Major

1976 Canadian Open Golf (Peter Jackson Classic), Cedar Brae CC: Donna Caponi wins in a playoff with Judy Rankin

Music History

1976 Bob Marley performs at Jaap Edenhal, Amsterdam, Netherlands

  • 1976 Inge Helten runs female European record 100m (11.04)
  • 1976 French Open Women's Tennis: Sue Barker of England claims her lone major singles title; beats Renáta Tomanová of Czechoslovakia 6-2, 0-6, 6-2

Historic Event

1977 Convicted Martin Luther King assassin James Earl Ray recaptured

  • 1978 Israeli Defense Forces withdraw from Lebanon.
  • 1979 "Madwoman of Central Park West" opens at 22 Steps NYC for 86 performances
  • 1979 Sioux nation receives $100 million in compensation for Black Hills, South Dakota

Album Release

1979 Asylum Records releases "Mingus", Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell's 10th studio album

  • 1980 Deborah Harry and Meat Loaf film "Roadie" premieres

Music History

1980 Paul McCartney releases "Waterfall"

  • 1980 Rep John Jenrette Jr (D-SC) indicted in "Abscam" investigation

Historic Event

1980 UN Security Council calls for South Africa to free Nelson Mandela

  • 1981 39 Unification church couples wed in Germany

Historic Event

1981 Teenager fires 6 blank rounds at Queen Elizabeth II

Historic Event

1981 Tom Snyder interviews Charles Manson on "Tomorrow"

  • 1982 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Jack Nicklaus GC: Jan Stephenson of Australia wins by 2 strokes from JoAnne Carner
  • 1982 Fahd becomes King of Saudi Arabia after King Khalid dies at 69
  • 1983 NASA's Pioneer 10 becomes the 1st man-made object to leave the solar system

Film Release

1985 "Prizzi's Honor", starring Jack Nicholson, Kathleen Turner, and Anjelica Huston, is released

Historic Event

1986 US President Reagan criticizes South African state of emergency

Sports History

1986 Los Angeles Dodger Steve Garvey 1st ejection from a game, after Atlanta's triple-play

  • 1987 Daniel Buettner, Bret Anderson, Martin Engel & Anne Knabe complete cycling journey of 15,266 mi from Prudhoe Bay, Alaska to Argentina
  • 1988 45th time opposing pitchers hit HRs, Mark Davis (Padres)/Mike Krukow
  • 1988 Boston Red Sox are 10 games back in AL, & go on to win AL East
  • 1988 Fed jury finds Liggett liable in death of NJ woman of lung cancer

Music Single

1988 George Harrison releases single "This Is Love"

  • 1988 US Supreme Court refuses to hear Yonkers argument they aren't racist
  • 1989 43rd NBA Championship: Detroit Pistons sweeps LA Lakers in 4 games
  • 1989 Houston's Terry Puhl plays in his 1,403rd game (most by a Canadian)

Music History

1989 Jerry Lee Lewis gets a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

  • 1989 "Licence to Kill", 16th James Bond film, last directed by John Glen and starring Timothy Dalton premieres in London
  • 1990 "Les Miserables" opens at S Alberta Jubilee Centre, Calgary
  • 1990 Boeing 767 sets non-stop commercial flight, Seattle to Narobi Kenya
  • 1990 Washington, D.C. mayor Marion Barry announces he will not seek a 4th term
  • 1991 A spectator is killed by lightning at US Open Golf tournament
  • 1991 NHL owners present contract to players (leads to Apr 1, 1992 strike)
  • 1991 The National, 1st all-sports daily newspaper, ceases publication
  • 1993 "Someone Who'll Watch Over Me" closes at Booth NYC after 232 performances
  • 1993 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Bethesda CC: Patty Sheehan wins her 4th major title by 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Lauri Merten
  • 1993 Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani re-elected President of Iran

Pro Wrestling

1993 YokoZuna beats Hulk Hogan to become WWF champ

  • 1994 Chicago Cub 2nd baseman Ryne Sandberg, retires due to poor play, he forfeits $15.7 million of his $25 million contract

Sports History

1994 Don Mattingly plays 1st base 1,469 game for Yankees (2nd most)

  • 1994 A jury in Anchorage, Alaska, blames recklessness by Exxon and Captain Joseph Hazelwood for the Exxon Valdez disaster, allowing victims of the oil spill to seek $15 billion in damages

Sports History

1995 Indians' Dennis Martínez no-hits Balt 11-0

  • 1995 New Jersey Devils beat Philadelphia Flyers, 4-2 for a 4-2 series win; qualify for their first Stanley Cup Finals Series (beat Detroit Red Wings, 4-0)
  • 1995 NHL Eastern Conference Final: New Jersey Devils beat Philadelphia Flyers, 4 games to 2

Album Release

1995 Björk releases her 2nd art pop solo album "Post"

Album Release

1995 "Jagged Little Pill", 3rd studio album by Alanis Morissette is released (Grammy Award Album of the Year, 1996)

  • 1996 Montana Freemen surrender after an 81-day standoff with FBI agents
  • 1997 51st NBA Championship: Chicago Bulls beat Utah Jazz 4, games to 2

Historic Event

1997 Jurors in Oklahoma City bombing trial sentence Timothy McVeigh to death

  • 1997 American fugitive Ira Einhorn is arrested in France for the murder of Holly Maddux after 16 years on the run, though he would not return for another four years
  • 2000 Italy pardons Mehmet Ali Agca, the Turkish gunman who tried to kill Pope John Paul II in 1981

Summit of Interest

2000 South Korean President Kim Dae Jung meets leader of North Korea Kim Jong-il, for the beginning of the first ever inter-Korea summit, in the northern capital of Pyongyang

Film & TV History

2000 Samuel L. Jackson is honoured with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

Music Awards

2001 35th TNN & CMT Country Weekly Music Awards: George Strait, Faith Hill & Alan Jackson win

  • 2002 The United States of America withdraws from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty

NHL Record

2002 Stanley Cup Final, Joe Louis Arena, Detroit, MI: Detroit Red Wings beat Carolina Hurricanes, 3-1 for a 4-1 series win; Red Wings' 10th title; coach Scotty Bowman retires with record 9th title

  • 2004 50th LPGA Championship Women's Golf, DuPont CC: Sweden's Annika Sörenstam goes back-to-back by 3 strokes ahead of runner-up Shi Hyun Ahn

Music History

2005 A jury in Santa Maria, California acquits pop singer Michael Jackson of molesting 13-year-old Gavin Arvizo at his Neverland Ranch

  • 2006 The US Senate issues a formal resolution apologizing for failure to create anti-lynching legislation
  • 2007 The Al Askari Mosque in Samarra is bombed reportedly by Iraqi Baathists, destroying the mosque's two ten-story minarets

Historic Event

2007 First large scale exhibition of Mexican artist Frida Kahlo's work in Mexico opens at Palacio de Bellas Artes on the 100th anniversary of her birth

Music Single

2008 "Viva la Vida" single released by Coldplay, - their 1st US No. 1, (Grammy Song of the Year)

  • 2010 64th Tony Awards: Memphis & Red win