Historical Events on June 15

  • 763 BC Assyrians record a solar eclipse that will be used to fix the chronology of Mesopotamian history
  • 778 Willibald, Abbot of Heidenheim, dictates his pilgrimage to the Holy Land fifty years before, to nun Hugburc, who records this and biographies of Willibald and his brother - the first known English woman writer [1]
  • 923 Battle of Soissons: King Robert I of France is killed and King Charles the Simple is arrested by the supporters of Duke Rudolph of Burgundy

Historic Event

1094 Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar [El Cid] occupies Valencia on the Moren

  • 1184 Magnus V Erlingsson, King of Norway (1156–1184), dies in the Battle of Fimreite

Dannebrog - World's Oldest National Flag

1219 Dannebrog is the flag of Denmark and the oldest national flag in the world. According to legend, it fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse (now Tallinn) in Estonia, and turned the Danes' luck

  • 1219 King Valdemar brought victory for Denmark
  • 1246 Battle at Leitha: Hungary-Austrian
  • 1246 With the death of Duke Frederick II, the Babenberg dynasty ends in Austria
  • 1567 Battle at Carberry, Scotland: Protestant troops beat Earl Bothwell's army
  • 1567 Republic of Genoa expels Jews from its whole territory
  • 1580 Phillip II of Spain declares William the Silent to be an outlaw.
  • 1598 Battle of San Juan: British forces led by Sir George Clifford attack Spanish-held San Juan, capturing the citadel El Moro and holding for 65 days [1]

Historic Event

1626 King Charles I disbands English parliament

  • 1643 Able Tasman returns to Batavia after discovering Tasmania
  • 1667 1st fully documented human blood transfusion is performed by French physician, Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys, when a small amount of sheep blood is transfused into a 15-year old boy, who survives the procedure
  • 1715 Ottoman army lands at Acrocorinth, beginning their reconquest of the Morea (Peloponnese)
  • 1741 Captain Vitus Bering leaves Petropavlovsk, sailing to America
  • 1762 Austria uses 1st paper currency

Appointment of Interest

1775 George Washington appointed commander-in-chief of the Continental Army, the day after Congress establishes the force

  • 1785 2 French balloonists die in world's 1st fatal aviation accident

Historic Event

1802 Toussaint Louverture leaves Haiti, prisoner on French ship Héros

  • 1804 Twelfth Amendment to the US Constitution, establishing the procedure for electing the President and Vice President, ratified in Congress
  • 1808 Joseph Bonaparte becomes King of Spain

Historic Event

1826 Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II abolishes the elite Janissary corps executing thousands for treason to make way for a more modern army

  • 1834 Rioters in Safed Palestine kills many Jews
  • 1836 Arkansas becomes 25th state of the Union

Historic Expedition

1842 John C. Frémont sets off from Kansas River on his first expedition of the Oregon Trail with frontierman Kit Carson as his guide

Historic Invention

1844 Charles Goodyear patents the vulcanization of rubber

  • 1846 Oregon Treaty signed, setting US-British boundary at 49°N
  • 1851 Jacob Fussell, Baltimore dairyman, sets up 1st ice-cream factory
  • 1857 San Francisco Water Works organized
  • 1859 Pig War: Ambiguity in the Oregon Treaty leads to the "Northwestern Boundary Dispute" between U.S. and British/Canadian settlers
  • 1860 1st White settlement in Idaho (Franklin)
  • 1861 Johnston evacuates Harpers Ferry

Historic Event

1862 Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart completes his "ride around McClellan"

  • 1863 Second Battle at Winchester Virginia, ends in Federal defeat; 1350 casualties
  • 1864 -17] Skirmish at Gilgal Church, Georgia

Battle of Interest

1864 Battle of Petersburg begins as General Ulysses S. Grant assaults the Confederate line at the important Southern rail center of Petersburg

  • 1864 Capt Mendell begins building 640m long ponton bridge over James River, Virginia

Historic Event

1864 Robert E. Lee's home area (Arlington, Virginia) becomes a military cemetery

  • 1864 US Congress passes legislation equalizing pay for Black soldiers
  • 1866 Prussia attacks Austria
  • 1867 Atlantic Cable Quartz Lode gold mine located in Montana
  • 1869 Mike McCoole (US) defeats Tom Allen (England) in bare-knuckle bout

Historic Invention

1869 World's 1st plastic celluloid is patented by John Wesley Hyatt in Albany, NY

  • 1871 Phoebe Couzins is 1st woman graduate of a US collegiate law school
  • 1876 Sara Spencer (R) is 1st woman to address a US presidential convention
  • 1876 Tsunamis after earthquake floods NE coast of Japan, kills 28,000

Historic Event

1877 Henry Ossian Flipper becomes 1st African American to graduate from West Point Military Academy

First Moving Images

1878 World's first moving pictures caught on camera (used 12 cameras, each taking 1 picture) done to see if all 4 of a horse's hooves leave the ground

  • 1887 Carlisle D Graham survives 2nd ride in Niagara waterfall in barrel
  • 1887 NY Giants beat Philadelphia Phillies 29-1
  • 1887 Stanley's expedition reaches Yambuya waterfalls Congo
  • 1888 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia Cricket Club: Bertha Townsend beats defending champion Ellen Hansell 6-3, 6-5

Historic Event

1888 Wilhelm II becomes Emperor of Germany

  • 1889 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia Cricket Club: Defending champion Bertha Townsend beats Lida Voorhees 7-5, 6-2
  • 1894 Phillies beat Cincinnati Reds, 21-8
  • 1896 Tsunami strikes Shinto festival on beach at Sanriku, Japan; 27,000 are killed, 9,000 injured and 13,000 houses destroyed
  • 1897 Liberals/social-democrats win Dutch 2nd Parliamentary election
  • 1898 US House of Representatives passes resolution to annex Hawaii
  • 1898 US marines attack Spanish off Guantánamo, Cuba
  • 1902 Canada's Maritime Provinces switch from Eastern to Atlantic time
  • 1902 Minor League's most lopsided baseball game: Corsicana 51; Texarkana 3 Justin Clark of Corsicana, Texas minors hits 8 home runs in 1 game
  • 1903 The Serbian Assembly meets and elects Prince Peter Karageorgevich king
  • 1904 Side-wheeler passenger paddlesteamer "General Slocum" burns in NY's East River (1,031 die)

Sports History

1906 British Open Men's Golf, Muirfield: Scotsman James Braid successfully defends title by 4 strokes from J.H. Taylor of England; his 3rd Open victory

Historic Publication

1907 Researcher George Soper publishes the results of his investigation into recent typhoid outbreaks in the New York area and announces that Mary Mallon [Typhoid Mary] is the likely source of the outbreak

  • 1907 The 2nd Hague Peace Conference meets in an attempt to stop the arms race; Germany resists, but conference does make important rules around the rights of neutral powers
  • 1908 World congress for Women's rights opens in Amsterdam
  • 1909 Representatives from England, Australia and South Africa meet at Lord's and form the Imperial Cricket Conference.
  • 1911 Tabulating Computing Recording Corporation (IBM) is incorporated.
  • 1912 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Mary Browne beats Eleonora Sears 6-4, 6-2 for her first of 3 straight US singles titles
  • 1913 The Battle of Bud Bagsak in the Philippine concludes
  • 1915 US government mints 1st $50 gold pieces, for Panama Pacific Expo

Historic Event

1916 Boeing Model 1 [B & W Seaplane], the 1st Boeing product, flies for the 1st time

  • 1916 Boys Scouts of America forms
  • 1917 In order to calm troubled relations with Ireland, the British grant amnesty to the Prisoners taken during the Easter Rising of 1916
  • 1918 1" of snow falls in Northern Pennsylvania
  • 1919 1st nonstop Atlantic flight (Alcock & Brown) lands in Ireland
  • 1920 African American circus workers, Elias Clayton, Elmer Jackson and Isaac McGhie are taken from jail and lynched by a white mob of thousands in Duluth, Minnesota
  • 1920 De Zweef soccer team forms in Nijverdal

Historic Event

1921 Bessie Coleman earns her pilot license in France becoming the 1st African-American woman and Native American to hold one

  • 1923 Belgium's Theunis government falls because of mine, post and railroad strike

British Golf Open

1923 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Troon GC: Englishman Arthur Havers holes a bunker shot on 72nd hole to win his only major title, 1 stroke ahead of defending champion Walter Hagen

  • 1924 1st transmission of radio Bloemendaal

Model T

1924 Ford Motor Company manufactures its 10 millionth automobile

Historic Event

1924 J. Edgar Hoover assumes leadership of the FBI

  • 1925 Philadelphia As go into bottom of 8th inning trailing 15-4, then score 13 times to defeat Cleveland 17-15

Historic Event

1926 7th French government of Aristide Briand falls

Baseball Record

1928 Philadelphia Athletics baseball star Ty Cobb, steals home for a record 54th time

  • 1929 1st time NY curb stock exchange transacts more business than NY Exch

Sports History

1931 Eddie Collins & Harry Heilmann retire from baseball

  • 1931 Poland and USSR sign friendship and trade treaty
  • 1934 Great Smokey Mountains National Park on the border between North Carolina and Tennessee is dedicated
  • 1938 1st night game at Brooklyn Ebbets Field (Reds 6, Dodgers 0) as Cincinnati Red Johnny Vander Meer hurls unprecedented 2nd consecutive no-hitter
  • 1940 38 Italian Fiat bombers bomb Luc-en-Province
  • 1940 Bread & flour rationed in Holland
  • 1940 Soviet Army occupies Lithuania
  • 1940 World War II: France surrenders to NAZI Germany, German troops occupy Paris
  • 1943 Congress of racial Equality (CORE) forms
  • 1943 Race riot in Beaumont, Texas erupts killing 2
  • 1944 US forces begin invasion of Saipan in Pacific
  • 1945 Dutch political party ANJV established in Concert building, Amsterdam

US Golf Open

1947 US Open Men's Golf, St. Louis CC: Lew Worsham defeats Sam Snead by 1 stroke in an 18-hole playoff for his only major title

  • 1948 First night game at Briggs Stadium, Detroit: Tigers beat Philadelphia A's, 4-1

Sports History

1948 In his farewell Ashes Tour, Don Bradman is out for a duck (0) in the Australian 2nd innings, but tourists win 1st Test against England by 8 wickets at Nottingham

  • 1948 WPIX TV channel 11 in NYC, NY (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1948 WTNH TV channel 8 in New Haven, CT (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1949 Phils Eddie Waitkus, shot by Ruth Steinhagen, 19, at Eddgewater Hotel
  • 1950 Dutch police seize condoms

Sports History

1951 Joe Louis scored his last knock out victory

  • 1953 Browns end Yankees win streak at 18 & Browns 14-game losing streak
  • 1953 NY Yankees first baseman Johnny Mize is 93rd MLB player to get 2,000 hits
  • 1953 NYC Transit Authority forms
  • 1953 WLFI TV channel 18 in Lafayette, IN (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 Great Britain's 2 biggest steel factories nationalized
  • 1954 UEFA (Union des Associations Européennes de Football) is formed in Basle, Switzerland
  • 1955 Australia score 8-758 v West Indies at Kingston, their best ever

Historic Event

1955 The Eisenhower administration stages the first annual "Operation Alert" (OPAL) exercise, an attempt to assess the USA's preparations for a nuclear attack

  • 1955 The International Olympic Committee votes to award Rome the rights to host the 1960 Summer Olympic Games
  • 1957 "Ziegfeld Follies of 1957" closes at Winter Garden NYC after 123 performances
  • 1957 42.01 cm (16.54") of rainfall, East St Louis, Ill (state record)

Belmont Stakes

1957 89th Belmont: Bill Shoemaker aboard Gallant Man wins in 2:26.6

  • 1957 US Open Men's Golf, Inverness Club: Dick Mayer defeats defending champion Cary Middlecoff by 7 strokes in an 18-hole playoff to win his only major title

Sports History

1957 Yanks trade Billy Martin & Ralph Terry for Ryne Duran

  • 1959 Galapagos Islands are made Ecuador's first national park, banning the capture of species [1]

Film Premiere

1960 "The Apartment" directed by Billy Wilder and starring Jack Lemmon and Shirley MacLaine premieres in New York (Academy Awards Best Picture, Best Director, Best Screenplay 1961)

Sports History

1960 Ángel Cordero Jr. wins his 1st of over 7,000 horse races

'The Banality of Evil'

1960 Argentina complains to UN about Israeli illicit transfer of Eichmann

  • 1961 Expansion Washington Senators are 30-30, latest date an expansion team will be at .500, Washington will lose their next 10 games
  • 1962 Phillies score 10 runs in an inning against Reds en route to 13-8 win
  • 1962 South Africa passes a bill setting death penalty for many crimes
  • 1962 Students for a Democratic Society complete the Port Huron Statement
  • 1962 WWUP TV channel 10 in Sault Ste Marie, MI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1963 "Sukiyaki" sung by Japanese singer Kyu Sakamoto, hits #1
  • 1963 American Leonard "Buddy" Edelen runs world record marathon (2:14:28) at Polytechnic Marathon (from Windsor to Chiswick, England)

Historic Event

1963 Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion resigns

Musical Finale

1963 Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II's musical "The Sound of Music", closes at Lunt Fontanne Theater, NYC, after 1443 performances

Sports History

1963 SF Giants future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Juan Marichal no-hits Houston Colt .45s, 1-0

  • 1964 Last French troops leave Algeria

Music Recording

1965 Bob Dylan records single "Like a Rolling Stone" (#1 in Rolling Stone magazine's "500 Greatest Songs of All Time")

Baseball Record

1965 Detroit pitcher Denny McLain in relief strikes out first 7 batters faced & record 14 in 6 2/3 innings in Tigers 6-5 win over Boston Red Sox; Bill Freehan ties catcher record of 19 putouts

  • 1965 South Africa begins economic boycott of Dutch products
  • 1966 Mexican record temperature of 52.5 °C (126.5 °F) in the shade is recorded in San Luis Río Colorado, Sonora

Film Release

1967 "The Dirty Dozen", based on E. M. Nathanson's novel, directed by Robert Aldrich and starring Lee Marvin, Ernest Borgnine and Charles Bronson is released in the US

Historic Event

1967 Governor Reagan signs liberalized California abortion bill

  • 1968 "How Now, Dow Jones" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theatre, NYC, after 220 performances
  • 1968 "New Faces of 1965" closes at Booth Theater, NYC, after 52 performances
  • 1968 "Yummy, Yummy, Yummy" by Ohio Express hits #4
  • 1968 15th Curtis Cup: US wins 10½-7½ at Royal County Down Golf Club (Newcastle, Northern Ireland)
  • 1968 Harvey Schmidt and Tom Jones' musical "I Do! I Do!", starring Gordon MacRae and Carol Lawrence, and directed by Gower Champion, closes at 46th St Theater, NYC, after 561 performances, and 1 Tony Award

Music History

1968 John Lennon and Yoko Ono plant two acorns for peace, at Coventry Cathedral, Conventry, England

  • 1969 "Hee Haw" with Roy Clark & Buck Owens premieres on CBS TV
  • 1969 Mets help their power needs by adding 1st baseman Donn Clendenon
  • 1969 The Campaign for Social Justice publish a second edition of 'Northern Ireland The Plain Truth' which set out the allegations of discrimination against Catholics by Unionists in the region
  • 1969 US Open Golf, Champions GC: Orville Moody wins only major title by 1 stroke from Al Geiberger, Bob Rosberg & Dean Beman

LPGA Championship

1970 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Pleasant Valley CC: Shirley Englehorn wins her only major title; beats 1967 champion Kathy Whitworth by 4 strokes in an 18-hole playoff

  • 1971 Vernon E Jordan Jr, appointed exec director of National Urban League
  • 1972 Rock fall inside Vierzy Tunnel (France) causes 2 train crash; 107 die
  • 1972 The Social Democratic and Labour Party meet Secretary of State for Northern Ireland W Whitelaw, to present the IRA's conditions for a meeting
  • 1972 West German police arrested RAF leader Ulrike Meinhof

Music Single

1973 “Let’s Get It On” single released by Marvin Gaye (Billboard R&B Song of the Year, 1973; No. 4 overall)

Historic Publication

1974 "All the President's Men" by Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward detailing their Watergate investigation is published by Simon and Schuster in the US

Album Release

1974 "Back Home Again" 8th studio album by John Denver is released (Billboard Album of the Year, 1975)

French Open Women's Tennis

1974 French Open Women's Tennis: American teenager Chris Evert beats Olga Morozova of Russia 6-1, 6-2 for first of a record 7 French singles titles

  • 1974 Novelty song "The Streak" by Ray Stevens hits #1 on UK pop chart
  • 1976 In a blockbuster MLB trade, NY Yankees send May, Martinez, Pagan, MacGregor & Demsey to Baltimore Orioles for Holtzman, Alexander, Grant Jackson, Elrod Henrick & Jim Freeman
  • 1976 Rain out! Astrodome cancels game heavy rains make it difficult for visiting team and umpires to get through flooded streets to the stadium

Sports History

1977 NY Mets trade Tom Seaver to Reds for Pat Zachry

  • 1977 Spain's 1st free elections since 1936 (41 years)
  • 1977 Wim Polak becomes mayor of Amsterdam
  • 1978 Belgian government resigns
  • 1978 Italy's pres Leone resigns due to Lockheed affair
  • 1978 Soyuz 29 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6; they stay 139 days
  • 1979 1st space shuttle SRB qualification test firing; 122 seconds
  • 1980 "Fearless Frank" opens at Princess Theater NYC for 12 performances
  • 1980 Jorge Orta of Cleveland gets 6 hits in a baseball game
  • 1980 US Open Men's Golf, Baltusrol GC: Jack Nicklaus sets new tournament scoring record 272 (-8) to win his 4th Open title, 2 strokes ahead of Isao Aoki of Japan
  • 1982 Riots occur in Argentina after the country is defeated in the Falklands Island War
  • 1982 Supreme Court rules all children, regardless of citizenship, are entitled to a public education

Television Premiere

1983 "Black Adder" TV comedy premieres starring Rowan Atkinson and Tony Robinson and written by Richard Curtis and Rowan Atkinson on BBC1

Sports History

1983 Cards trade Keith Hernandez to Mets for Neil Allen & Rick Ownbey

  • 1983 Supreme Court struck down state and local restrictions on abortion
  • 1984 "Thicke Of The Night" TV Talk Show last airs in syndication

Sports History

1984 American boxer Thomas Hearns retains WBC light middleweight title with 2 round KO of Roberto Durán of Panama at Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas; marks first time in his illustrious career Durán knocked out

  • 1985 "Pryor's Place" children's show last airs on CBS-TV
  • 1985 En route to Halley's Comet, USSR's Vega 2 drops lander on Venus

Boxing Title Fight

1985 Pinklon Thomas KOs Mike Weaver in 8 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1985 Rembrandt's painting Danaë is attacked by man later judged insane; he throws sulfuric acid on the canvas and cuts it twice with his knife
  • 1985 Russian space probe Vega 2 lands on Venus

Music Concert

1986 Amnesty International "Conspiracy of Hope" tour concludes with megaconcert at Giants Stadium in Rutherford, New Jersey; participants include: U2; Sting; Bryan Adams; Peter Gabriel; Lou Reed; Neville Brothers; Joan Baez; Joan Armatrading; Joni Mitchell; The Police; Jackson Browne; Yoko Ono; Miles Davis; Peter, Paul & Mary; and The Hooters

  • 1986 US Open Men's Golf, Shinnecock Hills GC: Raymond Floyd wins his 4th and final major, 2 strokes ahead of Chip Beck and Lanny Wadkins
  • 1987 Bettino Craxi's Socialist Party wins election in Italy
  • 1987 Michael Spinks TKOs Gerry Cooney in 5 for The Ring heavyweight boxing title at Convention Hall, Atlantic City, New Jersey
  • 1988 NASA launches space vehicle S-213
  • 1988 Turkish premier Özal meets Greek premier Papandreou in Athens