On This Day

Historical Events on June 16

  • 632 Origin of Persian [Yezdegird] Era
  • 1487 Battle of Stoke, Nottinghamshire: Henry VII beats John de la Pole & Lord Lovell

Historic Event

1567 Mary, Queen of Scots, imprisoned in Lochleven Castle prison, Scotland

  • 1624 Virginia becomes an English crown colony following the bankruptcy of the London Company

Historic Event

1673 Peace of Vossem: French King Louis XIV and Frederik Willem of Brandenburg

  • 1745 British fleet occupies Cape Breton on St Lawrence River
  • 1746 Battle at Piacenza: Austria & Sardinia beat Spanish and French army
  • 1755 British capture Fort Beauséjour, expel Acadians
  • 1774 Formation of Harrodsburg, Kentucky

Victory in Battle

1779 US General Anthony Wayne captures Stony Point, New York, inflicting heavy losses on the British

  • 1779 Spain declares war on Great Britain in support of France and the USA, starting the Great Siege of Gibraltar which goes on to last 3 years, 7 months and 2 weeks
  • 1784 Holland forbids the wearing of orange clothes
  • 1794 1st stone laid at biggest Dutch grain windmill De Walvisch in Schiedam

Victory in Battle

1815 French army under Napoleon defeats Prussia in the Battle of Ligny, Napoleon's last military victory

  • 1815 Battle at Quatre-Bras: allies strike French
  • 1822 Denmark Vesey (aka Telemaque) accused of planning a slave rebellion in South Carolina; tried an convicted, he was executed by hanging
  • 1823 King Willem I opens shipyard at Rotterdam-Antwerp
  • 1832 Battle of Kellogg's Grove, Illinois
  • 1836 London Working Men's Association forms

Historic Event

1858 Abraham Lincoln says "A house divided against itself cannot stand" accepting Illinois Republican Party's nomination for the Senate

  • 1861 Battle of Vienna, Virginia and Secessionville, South Carolina (James Island)
  • 1864 Battle of Lynchburg, Virginia
  • 1864 Skirmish at Golgotha, Georgia
  • 1871 Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of Mystic Shrine founded, NYC
  • 1871 The University Tests Act allows students to enter the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham without religious tests, except for courses in theology
  • 1873 US President Ulysses Grant decrees a portion of Wallowa Valley, Oregon for Nez-Percé Indians; order rescinded two years later and tribe forcibly re-located to Oklahoma
  • 1879 Gilbert & Sullivan's "HMS Pinafore" debuts at Bowery Theater NYC
  • 1881 Austria-Hungary and Serbia sign military treaty
  • 1882 17" hailstones weighing 1.75 lbs fall in Dubuque Iowa
  • 1883 1st baseball "Ladies' Day" (NY Gothams beat Cleve Spiders 5-2)
  • 1883 The Victoria Hall theatre panic in Sunderland, England kills 183 children
  • 1884 1st roller coaster used (Coney Island NY)

Historic Event

1891 John Abbott becomes Canada's third prime minister

  • 1893 German-American F.W. Rueckheim introduces "Cracker Jack" brand snack food consisting of caramel-coated popcorn and peanuts
  • 1894 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Helen Hellwig beats defending champion Aline Terry 7-5, 3-6, 6-0, 3-6, 6-3
  • 1896 Temperature hits 127°F at Fort Mojave, California
  • 1897 A treaty annexing the Republic of Hawaii to the United States is signed; the Republic would not be dissolved until a year later
  • 1898 China's emperor De Zong (Guang Xu) receives Kang Youwei

Sports History

1899 Victor Trumper's 1st Test Cricket century 135* v England, Lord's

  • 1900 In China, a fire is set by Boxers, virtually destroying the Western Quarter and spreading to engulf many Chinese landmarks
  • 1902 "The Wizard of Oz" musical first opens in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1903 1st Highlander (Yankee) shut-out victory 1-0 over White Sox

Historic Event

1903 Ford Motors under Henry Ford incorporates

  • 1903 Pepsi Cola company forms

Historic Event

1903 Roald Amundsen commences the first east-west navigation of the Northwest Passage by leaving Oslo, Norway

  • 1903 Reichstag elections with gains for the Social Democratic Party of Germany

Historic Event

1904 Bloomsday (date of events in James Joyce's Ulysses)

  • 1904 Eugen Schauman assassinates Nikolai Bobrikov, Governor-General of Finland

Historic Event

1907 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia dissolves the Second Duma (parliament) and issues an edict that will increase representation of propertied classes while reducing that of peasants, workers and national minorities

Republican Party

1908 The Republican Party convenes in Chicago where President Theodore Roosevelt picks William Howard Taft as his successor

  • 1909 1st US airplane sold commercially, by Glenn Curtiss for $5,000

Olympic Gold

1909 Jim Thorpe makes his pro baseball pitching debut for Rocky Mount (ECL) with 4-2 win, this will cause him to forfeit his Olympic gold medals

  • 1911 A 772 gram stony meteorite strikes the earth near Kilbourn, Columbia County, Wisconsin damaging a barn
  • 1913 South African Government pass the segregationist Native Land Act, which restricts purchase or lease of land by native Africans
  • 1915 The foundation of the British Women's Institute
  • 1916 Boston Brave's Tom Hughes 2nd no-hitter beats Pitts, 2-0
  • 1916 Passing of the Military Services Bill introduces conscription in New Zealand
  • 1917 1st All Russian Congress of the Soviets convenes in Petrograd, Russia [OS Jun 3]
  • 1917 49th Belmont: James Butwell aboard Hourless wins in 2:17.8
  • 1922 Henry Berliner demonstrates his helicopter to US Bureau of Aeronautics
  • 1922 Irish republicans are beaten in a national election; the vote is in favor of the Treaty of London, which leaves the Irish Free State as a dominion within the British Commonwealth

Historic Event

1923 Sun Yat Sen founds Chinese military academy

  • 1924 South Africa all out 30 v England in 48 minutes, Gilligan 6-7
  • 1925 The most famous Young Pioneer camp of the USSR, Artek, is established
  • 1925 The Union Government rejects a round-table conference with India on the grounds that it will constitute interference in South African affairs
  • 1929 Otto E Funk, 62, ends marathon walk (NY to SF, 4165 miles in 183 days)
  • 1930 Sovnarkom establishes decree time in the USSR
  • 1931 Austrian government of Ender falls
  • 1932 Germany forbids SA/SS-gang fights

Presidential Convention

1932 US President Herbert Hoover and Vice President Charles Curtis renominated by Republican Convention

  • 1932 Sutcliffe and Holmes make 555 opening cricket stand for Yorks v Essex
  • 1933 US National Industrial Recovery Act becomes law (later struck down)
  • 1933 US Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) created

Historic Event

1936 Pope Pius XI receives Anton Mussert (Dutch Nazi collaborator)

Sports History

1938 Boston first baseman Jimmie Foxx is walked a record 6 consecutive times by St Louis Browns; Red Sox still win, 12-8

  • 1940 Communist government installed in Lithuania
  • 1940 General De Gaulle arrives in Bordeaux
  • 1941 1st US federally owned airport opened Washington, D.C.
  • 1943 Race riot in Beaumont Texas (2 die)

George Stinney is Executed

1944 George Stinney, a 14-year-old African-American boy, is wrongfully executed for the murder of two white girls, becoming the youngest person ever executed in 20th-century America

  • 1944 Iceland adopts constitution

Historic Event

1944 King George VI visits General Montgomery's HQ in Normandy

  • 1944 US bombs Kyushu Japan
  • 1945 70th Preakness: Wayne D Wright aboard Polynesian wins in 1:58.8
  • 1945 Boo Ferriss loses to Yanks 3-2 after starting his career with 8 wins

US Golf Open

1946 US Open Men's Golf, Canterbury GC: World War II veteran Lloyd Mangrum defeats Byron Nelson and Vic Ghezzi in 36 playoff holes to win his only major title

  • 1947 1st network news-Dumont's "News from Washington"
  • 1947 Pravda denounces Marshall Plan
  • 1949 Gas turbine-electric locomotive demonstrated at Erie, Pennsylvania
  • 1951 US Open Men's Golf, Oakland Hills CC: Ben Hogan wins his second consecutive US Open title, 2 strokes ahead of runner-up Clayton Heafner.
  • 1951 83rd Belmont: David Gorman aboard Counterpoint wins in 2:29
  • 1952 Soviet Fighters shoot Swedish Catalina reconnaissance flight down
  • 1953 Despite Johnny Mize 2,000th hit, NY Yankees lose ending an 18 game winning streak and also ending St Louis Brown 14 game losing streak
  • 1954 Dutch military conscription shortened from 20 to 18 months

Election of Interest

1954 Ngô Đình Diệm elected Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam (South Vietnam)

Historic Event

1955 Pope Pius XII ex-communicates Argentine President Juan Perón

  • 1956 US Open Men's Golf, Oak Hill CC: Cary Middlecoff wins his second Open title, 1 stroke ahead of runners-up Julius Boros and Ben Hogan
  • 1956 88th Belmont: David Erb aboard Needles wins in 2:29.8
  • 1957 French offensive in Algeria
  • 1957 White Sox reliever Dixie Howell hits 2 HRs to beat Washington Senators 8-6
  • 1958 "Flip Top Box" by Dicky Doo & The Don'ts hits #46
  • 1958 Government troops land on North-Celebes Indonesia
  • 1959 South African Apartheid government efforts to remove Black people from Cato Manor close to the Durban city center to newly established black township Kwa Mashu, on outskirts met with violent resistance

Film Release

1960 "Psycho", psychological horror film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, starring Janet Leigh, Anthony Perkins, and Vera Miles, opens in New York City

Historic Event

1960 President Eisenhower cancels trip to Japan

  • 1961 Dave Garroway is fired as host of NBC's "Today Show"
  • 1961 Discoverer 25 launched
  • 1961 Soviet ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev defects to West at Le Bourget Airport in Paris
  • 1962 2 US army officers killed in Saigon

Historic Event

1963 Soviet space mission Vostok 6 is launched with Valentina Tereshkova onboard, who becomes the 1st woman in space

Historic Event

1963 Levi Eshkol replaces David Ben-Gurion as Israeli Prime Minister

  • 1964 Quake strikes Niigata, Japan

Music History

1966 Rowan & Martin host "The Dean Martin Show" Summer Series, on NBC-TV

  • 1966 20th Tony Awards: Marat/Sade & Man of La Mancha win
  • 1967 50,000 attend first day of the Monterey International Pop Festival - beginning of the Summer of Love
  • 1968 US Open Golf, Oak Hill CC: Lee Trevino wins his first major title by 4 shots from Jack Nicklaus; first to play sub-70 golf in Open history
  • 1969 US Supreme Court rules suspension of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr from House of Representatives violated Article I of the Constitution by citing reasons beyond the exclusive list of qualifications in the article [1]
  • 1970 Kenneth A Gibson elected 1st black mayor of Newark, NJ
  • 1970 Race riots in Miami Florida
  • 1971 Groningen soccer team forms in Groningen
  • 1971 Racial disturbance in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1972 The largest single-site hydro-electric power project in Canada starts at Churchill Falls, Labrador
  • 1974 US Open Men's Golf, Winged Foot GC: Hale Irwin's score of 287 (+7) is good enough for the first of his 3 Open titles, 2 strokes ahead of runner-up Forrest Fezler

French Open Men's Tennis

1974 French Open Men's Tennis: Björn Borg of Sweden wins first career Grand Slam title; beats Manuel Orantes of Spain 2-6, 6-7, 6-0, 6-1, 6-1

Sports History

1975 NBA Milwaukee Bucks trade Kareem Abdul-Jabbar and Walt Wesley to L.A. Lakers for 4 players

  • 1975 Italy's Communist party PCI, wins
  • 1975 Randy Farland finds a 14-leaf clover near Sioux Falls, SD
  • 1975 Supreme Court rules uniform minimum legal fees are a violation
  • 1976 Students in Soweto, South Africa, march against the use of Afrikaans as a medium of instruction in Black secondary schools
  • 1977 "Beatlemania" opens on Broadway
  • 1977 Fianna Fail party wins Irish elections

Historic Event

1977 Leonid Brezhnev named Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union

Historic Event

1977 Oracle Corporation is incorporated in Redwood Shores, California, as Software Development Laboratories (SDL) by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner and Ed Oates

Film Release

1978 Film "Grease" opens, starring John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John, based on the 1971 musical

Sports History

1978 Cincinnati Red Tom Seaver no-hits St Louis Cards, 4-0

Album Release

1978 Ringo Starr releases album "Bad Boy"

  • 1979 "Logical Song" by Supertramp peaks at #6

Sports History

1979 Carl Yastrzemski hits his 1,000th extra base hit

  • 1979 Muslim Brotherhood kills 62 sheiks in Aleppo Syria

Film Premier

1980 Musical comedy film "The Blues Brothers", starring Dan Aykroyd and John Belushi, and directed by John Landis, premieres in Chicago

  • 1980 US Supreme Court rules that live, human-made micro-organisms created in labs could be patentable, in Diamond v. Chakrabarty
  • 1982 Britain requests Argentina to arrange for return of prisoners
  • 1983 Charlos Vieira completes 191 hr "nonstop" cycling in Leiria, Portugal
  • 1983 European Space Agency launches European Comm Satellite 1, Oscar 10

Papal Visit

1983 Pope John Paul II visits Poland

Appointment of Interest

1983 General Secretary Yuri Andropov appointed President of the Soviet Union

  • 1984 Edwin Moses wins his 100th consecutive 400-meter hurdles race
  • 1984 Matt de Waal finishes 14,290-mi round trip from Salt Lake City (106d)
  • 1985 US Open Men's Golf, Oakland Hills CC: 1978 champion Andy North wins by 1 stroke ahead of runners-up Dave Barr, T C Chen and Denis Watson
  • 1985 Willie Banks of USA sets triple jump record (58 feet 11 inches) in Indianapolis
  • 1986 1 day general strike in South Africa
  • 1987 Joe Robbie Stadium in Miami, opens
  • 1987 New York City subway gunman Bernhard Getz acquitted on all but gun possession charges after shooting 4 black youths who tried to rob him
  • 1988 Boston Red Sox Barrett steals home
  • 1988 In Santa Barbara, CA, a team of 32 divers begin cycling underwater on a standard tricycle, to complete 116.66 mi in 75 hrs 20 mins
  • 1989 "Ghostbusters II" directed by Ivan Reitman, starring Bill Murry and Dan Aykroyd premieres
  • 1989 Funeral for Imre Nagy, leader of Hungarian uprising in 1956
  • 1989 Only 17 holes-in-one recorded since US open began, today 4 more are made all on 6th hole (Weaver, Wiebe, Pate & Price)
  • 1990 "U Can't Touch This" by MC Hammer peaks at #8

Historic Event

1990 Nelson & Winnie Mandela visit Leidseplein, Amsterdam

  • 1990 NHL Draft: Cornwall Royals (OHL) right wing Owen Nolan first pick by Quebec Nordiques
  • 1991 Revival of musical "Fiddler on the Roof" closes at Gershwin Theater, NYC, after 241 performances
  • 1991 -23] NYC Mayor Dinkins declares "Joseph Doherty Week"
  • 1991 Minnesota Twins win a team record 15 games in a row
  • 1991 Otis Nixon steals NL record 6 bases in 1 day
  • 1991 With 3 runs in 9th, Balt ends Twins 15 game winning streak 6-5
  • 1992 Caspar Weinberger (Sec of Def 1981-87), indicted on Iran-contra charge
  • 1992 Colorado Rockies 1st minor league team's (Bend Oregon in Class A) game
  • 1992 British postage stamp celebrates 350th anniversary of the Battle of Edgehill
  • 1992 Jeff King is 5th to be thrown out twice trying to steal in an inning
  • 1992 Red Sox Jeff Reardon sets record of 342 saves (vs Yanks 1-0) [1]
  • 1992 Longest salami is 68'9 & 25 circumference, weighed 1,492lbs/5oz in Flekkefjord, Norway

Baseball Record

1993 Ken Griffey Jr. slugs his 100th career home run in Seattle's

Sports History

1994 Canadian goaltender Martin Brodeur becomes 1st New Jersey Devil to win Calder Trophy, for Rookie of the Year

Film Release

1995 "Batman Forever" opens with a record $528 million weekend starring Val Kilmer, Chris O'Donnell, Tommy Lee Jones and Nicole Kidman

Sports History

1995 Marlins outfielder Andre Dawson hits his 400th NL career HR (429)

  • 1995 Salt Lake City awarded the XIX Winter Olympics in 2002
  • 1996 50th NBA Championship: Chicago Bulls beat Seat Supersonic, 4 games to 2
  • 1996 US Open Men's Golf, Oakland Hills GC: Steve Jones wins his lone major title, 1 stroke ahead of runners-up Tom Lehman and Davis Love III

Music City News Awards

1997 31st Music City News Country Awards: Alan Jackson & LeAnn Rimes win

  • 1997 The Dairat Labguer massacre in Algeria; 50 people are killed
  • 1998 Stanley Cup Final, MCI Center, Washington, D.C.: Detroit Red Wings go back-to-back, defeating debutant finalists Washington Capitals, 4-1 for a 4-0 series sweep

Election of Interest

1999 Thabo Mbeki is elected 2nd President of a democratic South Africa

  • 2000 Israel complies with UN Security Council Resolution 425 after 22 years, which calls on Israel to completely withdraw from Lebanon. Israel withdraws from all of Lebanon, except the disputed Sheba Farms
  • 2002 US Open Men's Golf, Bethpage State Park: Tiger Woods wins his second Open title, 3 shots ahead of runner-up Phil Mickelson
  • 2008 US Open Men's Golf, Torrey Pines GC: Tiger Woods wins his 3rd US Open and 14th major title, beating Rocco Mediate on the 1st hole of sudden-death, following a Monday 18-hole playoff

Appointment of Interest

2010 Hockey HOF right wing Cam Neely is named President of his former team, the Boston Bruins

  • 2012 32 people are killed by a car bomb in Baghdad
  • 2012 Coca-Cola begins business in Myanmar after 60 years
  • 2012 Collapse of a stage at a Radiohead concert kills one person (Toronto, Ontario)
  • 2012 30 people are killed and 15 injured after a bus falls into a gorge in Osmanabad, India
  • 2013 20 people are killed by a series of car bombings across Iraq
  • 2013 US Open Men's Golf, Merion GC: Englishman Justin Rose wins his first major title, 2 strokes ahead of runners-up Jason Day and Phil Mickelson

Film Premier

2013 "Despicable Me 2" directed by Pierre Coffin and Chris Renaud with voices by Steve Carell and Kristen Wiig premieres at the Champs-Elysées Film Festival

Film & TV History

2015 TV personality and Real estate mogul Donald Trump launches his campaign for the Republican nomination for US President at Trump Towers

  • 2015 NBA Finals: Golden State Warriors beat Cleveland Cavaliers, 105-97 in Game 6 for first title in 40 years and their 4th in franchise history; MVP: Andre Iguodala
  • 2016 British MP (L) Jo Cox is shot and killed outside her constituency surgery in Birstall, West Yorkshire