Historical Events on June 18

  • June
  • 618 Coronation of the Chinese governor Li Yuan as Emperor Gaozu of Tang, the new Emperor of China, initiating three centuries of the Tang Dynasty's rule over China
  • 860 Rus Vikings attack Constantinople

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1155 Pope Adrian IV crowns Frederick I Barbarossa Roman-German Emperor

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1178 Five monks at Canterbury report explosion on moon (only known observation)
  • 1178 5 Canterbury monks report something exploding on the moon shortly after sunset
  • 1264 The Parliament of Ireland meets at Castledermot in County Kildare, the first definitively known meeting of this Irish legislature
  • 1316 Peace of Fexhe: prince-bishop Adolf II of Mark and Luikse towns

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1538 Treaty of Nice: ends war between Emperor Charles V & King French I

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1541 Irish parliament selects Henry VIII of England as King of Ireland

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1574 Polish King Hendrik of Anjou secretly leaves Poland
  • 1580 States of Utrecht forbid catholic worship
  • 1583 Richard Martin of London takes out first life insurance policy, on William Gibbons; premium was £383
  • 1629 Sea battle at Dungeness: Piet Heyn beat the Dunkirkers, commerce raiders in the service of the Spanish Monarchy
  • 1639 Treaty of Berwick: Ends the First Bishops' War between England and Scotland
  • 1643 Skirmish at Chalgrove Field: Prince Rupert parliamentary armies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1682 William Penn founds Philadelphia, US

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn

  • 1757 Battle at Kolin Bohemia: Austrian army beats Prussia
  • 1767 Samuel Wallis, an English sea captain, sights Tahiti, considered the first European to reach the island
  • 1778 British Redcoats evacuate Philadelphia
  • 1779 French fleet occupies St Vincent
  • 1812 War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain

Battle of InterestBattle of Waterloo

1815 Battle of Waterloo; Napoleon and France defeated by British forces under Wellington and Prussian troops under Blucher
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'Wellington at Waterloo', by Robert Alexander Hillingford, depicting Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, during the final confrontation against Napoleon
'Wellington at Waterloo', by Robert Alexander Hillingford, depicting Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, during the final confrontation against Napoleon
  • 1821 Opera "Der Freischutz" is produced (Berlin)
  • 1822 Part of US-Canadian boundary determined
  • 1837 Spain gets new Constitution
  • 1863 After long neglect, Confederates hurriedly fortify Vicksburg

BattleBattle of Interest

1864 Battle of Petersburg: Ulysses S. Grant ends four days of assaults and begins a nine month siege

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1872 Woman's Suffrage Convention held at Merchantile Liberty Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 Susan B. Anthony fined $100 for voting for US President

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Susan B. Anthony
  • 1879 W. H. Richardson, an African-American inventor, patents the children's carriage (Patent no. 405599)
  • 1887 The Reinsurance Treaty between Germany and Russia is signed
  • 1892 Macadamia nuts 1st planted in Hawaii
  • 1894 Premier Roseberry declares Uganda a British protectorate
  • 1898 1st amusement pier opens in Atlantic City, New Jersey
  • 1898 US Open Men's Golf, Myopia Hunt Club: Scotsman Fred Herd easily wins by 7 strokes from countryman Alex Smith; first 72-hole US Open
  • 1898 12th U.S. Women's National Championship: Juliette Atkinson beats Marion Jones (6-3, 5-7, 6-4, 2-6, 7-5)
  • 1900 Empress Douairiere orders I-Ho-Chuan (Boxers) to kill all foreigners
  • 1900 General Luigi Pelloux resigns as premier of Italy
  • 1906 6th Davis Cup: British Isles beats USA in Wimbledon (5-0)
  • 1908 Japanese immigration to Brazil begins when 781 people arrive in Santos aboard the Kasato-Maru ship
  • 1909 Nannie Burroughs forms national training School for Women

  • 1910 16th US Golf Open: Alex Smith shoots a 298 at Philadelphia Cricket Club PA

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1912 The Chicago national Republican Convention splits between President Taft and Theodore Roosevelt; after Taft is nominated, Roosevelt and progressive elements of the Party form the Progressive Party (also known as the 'Bull Moose Party')

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1915 21st US Golf Open: John Travers shoots a 297 at Baltusrol GC NJ
  • 1916 Yanks score in every inning but 8th to beat Indians 19-3 in baseball
  • 1924 Pope Pius XI's encyclical Maximam gravissimamque
  • 1926 Theodor Lessing laid-off "because he is a Jew" in Hanover

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1927 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 2000 m: 5:24.6

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 American aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the 1st woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean landing at Burry Port, Wales

  • 1930 Groundbreaking ceremonies for the Franklin Institute held
  • 1934 US Highway planning surveys nationwide authorized
  • 1936 1st bicycle traffic court in America established, Racine, Wisconsin
  • 1936 Polish parliament gives President Ignacy Mościcki dictatorial power

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 Babe Ruth is signed as a Dodgers coach for the rest of the season

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 General Charles de Gaulle on BBC tells French to defy Nazi occupiers

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1940 German occupiers slaughter cattle, pigs and chickens

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1940 Winston Churchill's "this was their finest hour" speech urging perseverance during Battle of Britain delivered to British House of Commons

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1941 Joe Louis KOs Billy Conn in 13 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • 1941 Turkey signs peace treaty with nazi-Germany
  • 1942 Bernard W Robinson, becomes 1st African American ensign in US Navy
  • 1942 Eric Nessler of France stays aloft in a glider for 38h21m
  • 1943 SS Police in Amsterdam sentence for 12 resistance fighter to death (Jewish, communists, homosexuality) at the census bureau
  • 1944 Farewell concert of Willem Mengelberg in Paris
  • 1944 German submarine U-767 sunk by English Navy destroyers in the English Channel
  • 1945 William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) charged with treason
  • 1946 Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, a Socialist calls for a Direct Action Day against the Portuguese in Goa. A road is named after this date in Panjim
  • 1947 Cincinnati Red Ewell Blackwell no-hits Boston Braves, 6-0
  • 1948 American Library Association adopts Library Bill of Rights
  • 1948 National Security Council authorizes covert operations for 1st time
  • 1948 Phillies pitching great Robin Roberts debut, loses 2-0 to Pirates
  • 1948 UN Commission on Human Rights adopts the International Declaration of Human Rights
  • 1949 "Along Fifth Avenue" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 180 performances
  • 1950 Cleveland Indians score 14 runs in 1st inning, beat A's 21-2
  • 1951 Charles de Gaulle wins French parliamentary election
  • 1951 In South Africa, the Suppression of Communism Act commences
  • 1953 Egypt proclaimed a republic, General Neguib becomes president
  • 1953 USAF C124 Globemaster crashes near Tokyo killing 129 servicemen
  • 1953 Eugene Stephens is 1st to get 3 hits & Red Sox score 17 runs in 1 Inning (7th) Red Sox beat Detroit 23-3
  • 1953 3rd Berlin International Film Festival: "The Wages of Fear" wins Golden Bear (audience vote)
  • 1954 Pierre Mendès forms French government
  • 1954 4th Berlin International Film Festival: "Hobson's Choice" wins Golden Bear (audience vote)
  • 1955 "3 for Tonight" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 85 performances
  • 1957 John Diefenbacker (C) takes office as PM of Canada
  • 1959 1st telecast transmitted from England to US
  • 1959 Governor of Louisiana Earl K. Long is committed to a state mental hospital; he responds by having the hospital's director fired and replaced with a crony who proceeds to proclaim him perfectly sane
  • 1959 New York City premiere of the film version of Kathryn Hulme's "The Nun's Story"
  • 1960 "Destry Rides Again" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 472 performances

Sport awardUS Golf Open

1960 60th US Golf Open: Arnold Palmer shoots 280 at Cherry Hills in Denver

  • 1960 Giants hire Tom Sheehan as baseball's oldest debuting manager (66)
  • 1961 CBS radio cancels Gunsmoke
  • 1961 KBMT TV channel 12 in Beaumont, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1963 3,000 blacks boycott Boston public school
  • 1964 African Groundnut Council forms in Dakar
  • 1967 US Open Men's Golf, Baltusrol GC: Jack Nicklaus shoots a final round 65 for a new tournament record 275, 4 strokes ahead of Arnold Palmer
  • 1967 Houston Don Wilson no-hits Atlanta Braves, 2-0
  • 1967 Monterey International Pop Festival rocks Southern California
  • 1968 Supreme Court bans racial discrimination in sale and rental of housing
  • 1969 A report published by the International Commission of Jurists on the British government's policy in Northern Ireland is critical of both the British government and the Northern Ireland government

Film release premierFilm Release

1969 "The Wild Bunch", directed by Sam Peckinpah and starring William Holden and Ernest Borgnine, is released

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1970 Edward Heath's Conservative Party win the General Election in UK, replacing the Labour Party

British Prime Minister Edward Heath
British Prime Minister
Edward Heath
  • 1971 Social Democratic and Labour Party and Nationalist Members of Parliament refuse to attend the state opening of Stormont (North Ireland Parliament)
  • 1972 US Open Men's Golf, Pebble Beach GL: Jack Nicklaus captures his 3rd Open title, 3 strokes ahead of Bruce Crampton of Australia
  • 1972 BEA Trident crashes after takeoff from Heathrow killing 118
  • 1972 US Supreme Court, 5-3, confirms lower court rulings in Curt Flood case, upholding baseball's exemption from antitrust laws
  • 1972 3 members of the British Army are killed by an Irish Republican Army (IRA) bomb in a derelict house near Lurgan, County Down
  • 1972 UEFA European Championship Final, Heysel Stadium, Brussels, Belgium: Gerd Müller scores a brace as West Germany beats Soviet Union, 3-0

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1973 Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev visits the US and President Nixon

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
  • 1973 NCAA makes urine testing mandatory for participants
  • 1974 Gaston Thorn forms Luxembourg government
  • 1975 Fred Lynn gets 10 RBIs in a Red Sox 15-1 victory over Tigers
  • 1975 Gary Gilmour takes 6-14 in Cricket World Cup semi v England

  • 1975 NBC News & Information Service (24 hr news) premieres on radio
  • 1976 A Joseph William Turner watercolor auctioned for £340,000
  • 1976 St Louis Cards Lou Brock & Hector Cruz hit inside-the-park HRs
  • 1976 Bowie Kuhn voids A's sales, totaling $35 million, of Joe Rudi & Rollie Fingers to Red Sox, & Vida Blue to Yankees

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Billy Martin & Reggie Jackson get into a dug out altercation

MLB Right Fielder Reggie Jackson
MLB Right Fielder
Reggie Jackson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Sex Pistols johnny rotten & Paul Cook, beaten and robbed by London pub

Musician John Lydon
John Lydon
  • 1977 Space Shuttle test model "Enterprise" carries a crew aloft for 1st time, it was fixed to a modified Boeing 747
  • 1978 78th US Golf Open: Andy North shoots a 285 at Cherry Hill CC in Denver
  • 1978 Victor de la Torre wins Peru election
  • 1979 Billy Martin becomes Yankee manager (2nd time), replacing Bob Lemon
  • 1979 Sri Lanka beat India by 47 runs in Cricket World Cup upset
  • 1979 US President Carter and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev sign SALT II treaty limiting nuclear weapons
  • 1980 Dutch 2nd Chamber joins oil boycott of South Africa
  • 1980 Mrs Shakuntala Devi mentally multiplies 2 13-digit #s in 28 sec
  • 1981 Kimberley Ann Smith, of NC, 17, crowned America's Junior Miss
  • 1981 Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart retires (replaced by Sandra Day O'Connor, 1st woman on US Supreme Court)
  • 1981 Test cricket debut of Terry Alderman, v England at Trent Bridge
  • 1981 Vaccine to prevent hoof & mouth disease announced
  • 1981 The AIDS epidemic is formally recognized by medical professionals in San Francisco, California
  • 1982 ABC's All Talk radio network expands to 22 stations
  • 1982 Voting Rights Act of 1965 extended by Senate by 85-8 vote
  • 1983 "Pump Boys & Dinettes" closes at Princess Theater NYC after 573 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 7th Shuttle Mission-Challenger 2 launches Sally Ride as 1st US woman in space

1st American Woman in Space Sally Ride
1st American Woman in Space
Sally Ride
  • 1983 IRA's Joseph Doherty arrested in NYC
  • 1984 US Open Men's Golf, Winged Foot GC: Fuzzy Zoeller beats Greg Norman of Australia by 8 strokes in a Monday 18-hole playoff to win his first Open title
  • 1985 Boston Red Sox Fred Lynn gets 10 RBIs
  • 1986 De Havilland Twin Otter & Bell 206 helicopter collide, kills 25
  • 1986 Don Sutton becomes 19th pitcher to win 300 games
  • 1986 Heike Friedrich swims female world record 200m freestyle (1:57.55)
  • 1986 Papua New Guinea score 9-455 in 60 overs v Gibraltar, ICC Trophy
  • 1986 US House of Representatives approves Bill to impose stricter sanctions on Apartheid South Africa
  • 1987 Charles Glass, ABC journalist, kidnapped in Lebanon
  • 1988 Jeff Hamilton, hits 8,000th Dodger home run
  • 1989 "Starmites" closes at Criter Ctr SR Theater NYC after 60 performances
  • 1989 89th US Golf Open: Curtis Strange wins by 3 from Scott Simpson for first back-to-back Open titles since Ben Hogan 1950-51
  • 1989 Comet Churyunov-Gerasimenko at perihelion
  • 1990 1st sudden death US Open Golf Championship is won by Hale Irwin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Boris Yeltsin, President of Russia, arrives in US

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin
  • 1991 Mud storm in Antofagasta Chile, kills 80
  • 1991 SF Giant pitcher Dave Dravecky's cancerous left arm is amputated

  • 1991 Yankee pitchers pick-off 3 Toronto Blue Jays

Music releaseMusic Single

1991 "(Everything I Do) I Do It for You" single released by Bryan Adams (Billboard Song of the Year 1991)

Singer Bryan Adams
Bryan Adams
  • 1992 Ottawa Senators make goalie Peter Sidorkiewicz their 1st draft
  • 1992 Tampa Bay Lightning make goalie Wendell Young their 1st draft

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Expo's Dennis Martínez is 92nd to win 200 games

MLB Pitcher Dennis Martínez
MLB Pitcher
Dennis Martínez
  • 1993 Toru Takemitsu's "Archipelago" premieres in Aldeburgh England
  • 1994 Aleksander Popov swims world record 100m free style (48.21 sec)
  • 1994 Gay Games open in NYC
  • 1995 95th US Golf Open: Corey Pavin shoots a 280 at Shinnecock Hills NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 Memorial service for Elizabeth Montgomery is held at the Canon Theatre in Beverly Hills

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 All Black Jonah Lomu scores the try of the Rugby World Cup, running over Mike Catt in New Zealand's 45-29 defeat of England

Rugby Union Superstar Jonah Lomu
Rugby Union Superstar
Jonah Lomu
  • 1995 FIFA Women's World Cup Final, Råsunda Stadium, Stockholm, Sweden: Hege Riise & Marianne Pettersen score within 3 minutes of each other to give Norway a 2-0 win over Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996 Ted Kaczynski, suspected of being the Unabomber, is indicted on ten criminal counts

Serial Murderer and Domestic Terrorist Ted Kaczynski
Serial Murderer and Domestic Terrorist
Ted Kaczynski

Film release premierFilm Premier

1999 Hindi film "Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam" premieres directed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali, starring Salman Khan, Ajay Devgn and Aishwarya Rai

  • 2000 100th US Open Men's Golf, Pebble Beach GL: Tiger Woods wins his first US Open by a major championship record-setting 15 strokes over Ernie Els and Miguel Ángel Jiménez
  • 2001 Protests occur in Manipur over the extension of the ceasefire between Naga insurgents and the government of India
  • 2001 101st US Golf Open: Retief Goosen shoots a 276 at Southern Hills CC OK

Film release premierFilm Premier

2001 "The Fast and the Furious" film directed by Rob Cohen starring Paul Walker, Vin Diesel and Michelle Rodriguez premieres

  • 2003 Google launches AdSense, a program that enables website publishers to serve ads targeted to the specific content of their individual web pages, many of which like On This Day (then HistoryOrb.com) go on to start their own publishing businesses

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2005 David Tennant's first appearance as the Tenth Doctor in BBC "Doctor Who" episode "The Parting of the Ways"

  • 2006 The first Kazakh space satellite, KazSat is launched
  • 2006 106th US Golf Open: Geoff Ogilvy shoots a 285 at Winged Foot GC NY

Music releaseAlbum Release

2010 "Recovery" 7th studio album by Eminem is released (best selling album worldwide 2010)

Rapper Eminem
  • 2012 15 people are killed and 40 injured in a suicide attack in Baquba, Iraq
  • 2012 2nd Critics' Choice Television Awards: Community wins Best Comedy Series, Homeland wins Best Drama Series
  • 2013 31 people are killed and 60 are injured by two suicide bombings in al-Qahira, Baghdad
  • 2013 27 people are killed and 30 are injured by a suicide bomb in Sher Garh, Pakistan
  • 2013 Russia passes a law banning foreign same-sex couples from adopting children

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014 Ian McKellen is awarded an honorary degree by Cambridge University, becoming a Doctor of Letters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014 King Juan Carlos I of Spain abdicates the Spanish throne to make way for his son Felipe VI

King of Spain Juan Carlos I
King of Spain
Juan Carlos I
King of Spain Felipe VI
King of Spain
Felipe VI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 Pope Francis blames human selfishness for global warming in his encyclical, named "Laudato Si (Be Praised), On the Care of Our Common Home"

  • 2015 18 vigilantes are killed & 53 are injured after an accidental detonation of an explosive device in Monguno, Nigeria
  • 2016 Soyuz capsule returns to Earth 1st British International Space Station astronaut Tim Peake, Russian Yuri Malenchenko and American Timothy Kopra after 186 days

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2017 French President Emmanuel Macron's party La République en Marche and allies win a majority in 2nd round French legislative elections

President of France Emmanuel Macron
President of France
Emmanuel Macron
  • 2017 Pakistan defeat India to win cricket's Champions Trophy at the Oval in London by 180 runs, Fakhar Zaman scores 114 runs
  • 2017 US Open Golf, Erin Hills GC: Brooks Koepka wins his first major by 4 strokes from Brian Harman and Hideki Matsuyama
  • 2017 Rare magnitude-four earthquake causes a tsunami to hit Nuugaatsiaq in northwestern Greenland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018 President Trump orders US military to set up sixth branch of the military - a space force

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
  • 2018 Ferry sinks on Lake Toba in Sumatra, Indonesia, with 193 suspected dead