On This Day

Historical Events on June 18

  • 618 Coronation of the Chinese governor Li Yuan as Emperor Gaozu of Tang, the new Emperor of China, initiating three centuries of the Tang Dynasty's rule over China
  • 860 Rus Vikings attack Constantinople

Historic Event

1155 Pope Adrian IV crowns Frederick I Barbarossa Roman-German Emperor

  • 1178 Five monks at Canterbury report something exploding on the moon shortly after sunset (only known observation)
  • 1264 The Parliament of Ireland meets at Castledermot in County Kildare, the first definitively known meeting of this Irish legislature
  • 1316 Peace of Fexhe: prince-bishop Adolf II of Mark and Luikse towns

Treaty of Interest

1538 Treaty of Nice: ends war between Emperor Charles V & King French I

Appointment of Interest

1541 Irish parliament selects Henry VIII of England as King of Ireland

  • 1574 Polish King Hendrik of Anjou secretly leaves Poland
  • 1580 States of Utrecht forbid Catholic worship
  • 1583 Richard Martin of London takes out first life insurance policy, on William Gibbons; premium was £383

Victory in Battle

1629 Sea battle at Dungeness: Piet Heyn beats the Dunkirkers, commerce raiders in the service of the Spanish Monarchy

  • 1639 Treaty of Berwick: Ends the First Bishops' War between England and Scotland
  • 1643 Skirmish at Chalgrove Field: Prince Rupert defeats Parliamentarian armies

Historic Event

1682 English Quaker William Penn founds Philadelphia, in the Pennsylvania Colony

  • 1757 Battle at Kolin Bohemia: Austrian army beats Prussia
  • 1767 Samuel Wallis, an English sea captain, sights Tahiti; considered the first European to reach the island
  • 1778 British Redcoats evacuate Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and head for New York
  • 1779 French fleet occupies St Vincent, West Indies
  • 1812 War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain
  • 1821 Carl Maria von Weber's opera "Der Freischutz" ("The Marksman") premieres at Schauspielhaus, Berlin, Germany
  • 1822 Part of US-Canadian boundary determined
  • 1837 Spain gets new Constitution

First Photo of Lightning?

1847 American photographer Thomas Martin Easterly takes the earliest known photograph of lightning using the daguerreotype process in St. Louis, Missouri [1]

  • 1863 After long neglect, Confederates hurriedly fortify Vicksburg

Historic Siege

1864 Battle of Petersburg: Ulysses S. Grant ends four days of assaults and begins a nine month siege

  • 1872 Woman's Suffrage Convention held at Merchantile Liberty Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Historic Event

1873 Susan B. Anthony fined $100 ($2,200 in 2020 value) for voting for US President in Rochester, New York; she refused to pay and no further action against her was taken

  • 1879 W. H. Richardson, an African-American inventor, patents the children's carriage (Patent no. 405599)
  • 1887 The Reinsurance Treaty between Germany and Russia is signed
  • 1892 Brothers Edward and Robert Jordan plant 1st Macadamia nuts in Oahu, Hawaii
  • 1894 Premier Roseberry declares Uganda a British protectorate
  • 1898 Steel Pier, 1st amusement pier opens in Atlantic City, New Jersey [1]
  • 1898 US Open Men's Golf, Myopia Hunt Club: Scotsman Fred Herd easily wins by 7 strokes from countryman Alex Smith; first 72-hole US Open
  • 1898 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Defending champion Juliette Atkinson beats Marion Jones 6-3, 5-7, 6-4, 2-6, 7-5 for her third US singles title
  • 1900 Empress Dowager Cixi orders I-Ho-Chuan (Boxers) to kill all foreigners
  • 1900 General Luigi Pelloux resigns as premier of Italy
  • 1908 Japanese immigration to Brazil begins when 781 people arrive in Santos aboard the Kasato-Maru ship
  • 1909 American educator Nannie Helen Burroughs forms National Training School for Women and Girls in Washington D.C
  • 1911 Detroit Tigers trail Chicago White Sox, 13-1 at Bennett Park, Detroit; recover to win, 16-15 for the biggest comeback in Major League Baseball history

Presidential Convention

1912 The Chicago national Republican Convention splits between President Taft and Theodore Roosevelt; after Taft is nominated, Roosevelt and progressive elements of the Party form the Progressive Party (also known as the 'Bull Moose Party')

  • 1915 US Open Men's Golf, Baltusrol GC: 4-time US Amateur champion Jerome Travers captures his only Open title, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Tom McNamara
  • 1926 Theodor Lessing laid-off "because he is a Jew" in Hanover

Historic Event

1928 American aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the 1st woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean, landing at Burry Port, Wales

  • 1930 Groundbreaking ceremonies for the Franklin Institute science museum held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1934 US Highway planning surveys nationwide authorized
  • 1936 First bicycle traffic court in America established in Racine, Wisconsin

Sports History

1938 Future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Babe Ruth is signed as a Brooklyn Dodgers coach for the remainder of the season

Film & TV History

1940 General Charles de Gaulle on BBC tells French to defy Nazi occupiers

  • 1940 German occupiers slaughter cattle, pigs and chickens

Victory in Battle

1940 Winston Churchill's "this was their finest hour" speech urging perseverance during Battle of Britain delivered to British House of Commons

Boxing Title Fight

1941 In his 18th world heavyweight title defence Joe Louis KOs Billy Conn in 13th round in front of a crowd of 54,487 at the Polo Grounds, NYC

  • 1941 Turkey signs peace treaty with nazi-Germany
  • 1942 Bernard W Robinson, becomes 1st African American ensign in US Navy
  • 1942 Eric Nessler of France stays aloft in a glider for 38h21m
  • 1943 SS Police in Amsterdam sentence 12 resistance fighters to death for the fire-bombing at the census records bureau in March
  • 1944 Farewell concert of conductor Willem Mengelberg in Paris
  • 1944 German submarine U-767 sunk by English Navy destroyers in the English Channel

Film & TV History

1945 William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw), fascist politician and Nazi propaganda broadcaster, charged with treason in England

  • 1946 Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, a Socialist calls for a Direct Action Day against the Portuguese in Goa. A road is named after this date in Panjim
  • 1947 Cincinnati Reds pitcher Ewell Blackwell no-hits Boston Braves, 6-0 at Crosley Field, Cincinnati
  • 1948 American Library Association adopts Library Bill of Rights
  • 1948 National Security Council authorizes covert operations for 1st time
  • 1948 Future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Robin Roberts debuts for the Philadelphia Phillies, taking a 2-0 loss against the Pittsburgh Pirates at Shibe Park, Philadelphia
  • 1949 "Along Fifth Avenue" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 180 performances
  • 1950 Cleveland Indians score an American League record 14 runs in 1st inning; beat Philadelphia A's, 21-2 at Cleveland Stadium
  • 1951 Charles de Gaulle wins French parliamentary election
  • 1951 In South Africa, the Suppression of Communism Act commences
  • 1953 Egypt proclaimed a republic, General Neguib becomes president
  • 1953 USAF C124 Globemaster crashes near Tokyo killing 129 servicemen
  • 1953 Red Sox rookie Eugene Stephens is 1st player in AL history to register 3 hits in an inning; Boston score 17 runs in 7th Inning in 23-3 rout of Detroit Tigers at Fenway Park
  • 1953 3rd Berlin International Film Festival: "The Wages of Fear" wins Golden Bear (audience vote)
  • 1954 Pierre Mendès forms French government
  • 1954 4th Berlin International Film Festival: "Hobson's Choice" wins Golden Bear (audience vote)
  • 1955 "3 for Tonight" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 85 performances
  • 1959 1st telecast transmitted from England to US
  • 1959 Governor of Louisiana Earl K. Long is committed to a state mental hospital; he responds by having the hospital's director fired and replaced with a crony who proceeds to proclaim him perfectly sane
  • 1959 New York City premiere of the film version of Kathryn Hulme's "The Nun's Story"
  • 1960 "Destry Rides Again" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 472 performances

US Golf Open

1960 US Open Men's Golf, Cherry Hills CC: Arnold Palmer stages greatest comeback in tournament history; erases a 7-stroke final round deficit to win his only US Open title by 2 strokes ahead of Jack Nicklaus

  • 1960 San Francisco Giants hire Tom Sheehan to replace Bill Rigney; baseball's oldest debuting manager (66) goes 46-50-2 for remainder of season
  • 1961 CBS radio cancels Gunsmoke
  • 1961 KBMT TV channel 12 in Beaumont, Texas (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1963 3,000 blacks boycott Boston public school to protest de facto segregation
  • 1964 African Groundnut Council forms in Dakar
  • 1967 US Open Men's Golf, Baltusrol GC: Jack Nicklaus shoots a final round 65 for a new tournament record 275, 4 strokes ahead of Arnold Palmer
  • 1967 Houston Astros pitcher Don Wilson no-hits Atlanta Braves, 2-0 at the Astrodome, Houston

Music History

1967 Closing day of the Monterey International Pop Festival, Southern California. First major US appearances of Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, The Who, and Otis Redding

  • 1968 Supreme Court bans racial discrimination in sale and rental of housing
  • 1969 A report published by the International Commission of Jurists on the British government's policy in Northern Ireland is critical of both the British government and the Northern Ireland government

Film Release

1969 "The Wild Bunch", directed by Sam Peckinpah and starring William Holden and Ernest Borgnine, is released

Election of Interest

1970 Edward Heath's Conservative Party win the General Election in UK, replacing the Labour Party

  • 1971 Social Democratic and Labour Party and Nationalist Members of Parliament refuse to attend the state opening of Stormont (North Ireland Parliament)
  • 1972 US Open Men's Golf, Pebble Beach GL: Jack Nicklaus captures his 3rd Open title, 3 strokes ahead of Bruce Crampton of Australia
  • 1972 BEA Trident crashes after takeoff from Heathrow killing 118
  • 1972 US Supreme Court, 5-3, confirms lower court rulings in Curt Flood case, upholding baseball's exemption from antitrust laws [1]
  • 1972 3 members of the British Army are killed by an Irish Republican Army (IRA) bomb in a derelict house near Lurgan, County Down

Sports History

1972 UEFA European Championship Final, Heysel Stadium, Brussels, Belgium: Gerd Müller scores a brace as West Germany beats Soviet Union, 3-0

Meeting of Interest

1973 Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev visits the US and President Nixon

  • 1973 NCAA makes urine testing mandatory for participants
  • 1974 Gaston Thorn forms Luxembourg government
  • 1975 Fred Lynn gets 10 RBIs in a single Red Sox game in a 15-1 victory over the Detroit Tigers
  • 1975 Left-arm fast bowler Gary Gilmour takes 6-14 to guide Australia to a 4 wicket win with 188 balls remaining in Cricket World Cup semi final v England at Leeds
  • 1975 NBC News & Information Service (24 hr news) premieres on radio
  • 1976 A Joseph William Turner watercolor auctioned for £340,000
  • 1976 St Louis Cards Lou Brock & Hector Cruz hit inside-the-park HRs

Sports History

1976 Bowie Kuhn voids A's sales, totaling $35 million, of Joe Rudi & Rollie Fingers to Red Sox, & Vida Blue to Yankees

Music History

1977 Sex Pistols johnny rotten & Paul Cook, beaten by a group of rabble-rousers outside of a London pub

  • 1977 Space Shuttle test model "Enterprise" carries a crew aloft for 1st time, it was fixed to a modified Boeing 747
  • 1978 US Open Men's Golf, Cherry Hills CC: Andy North holds on for a 1-stroke victory over runners-up Dave Stockton and J. C. Snead to claim the first of his 2 US Open titles
  • 1978 Victor de la Torre wins Peru election

Sports History

1979 Billy Martin becomes Yankee manager (2nd time), replacing Bob Lemon

  • 1979 Sri Lanka beat India by 47 runs in Cricket World Cup upset
  • 1979 US President Carter and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev sign SALT II treaty limiting nuclear weapons
  • 1980 Dutch 2nd Chamber joins oil boycott of South Africa

World Record

1980 Indian "human computer" Shakuntala Devi sets a world record by mentally multiplying two random 13-digit numbers in 28 seconds; She correctly answered that 7,686,369,774,870 × 2,465,099,745,779 = 18,947,668,177,995,426,462,773,730 !

  • 1981 Kimberley Ann Smith, of NC, 17, crowned America's Junior Miss
  • 1981 US Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart retires
  • 1981 Test cricket debut of Terry Alderman, v England at Trent Bridge
  • 1981 Vaccine to prevent hoof & mouth disease announced
  • 1981 The AIDS epidemic is formally recognized by medical professionals in San Francisco, California
  • 1982 ABC's All Talk radio network expands to 22 stations
  • 1982 Voting Rights Act of 1965 extended by Senate by 85-8 vote
  • 1983 "Pump Boys & Dinettes" closes at Princess Theater NYC after 573 performances

Historic Event

1983 7th Shuttle Mission-Challenger 2 launches Sally Ride as 1st US woman in space

  • 1983 IRA's Joseph Doherty arrested in NYC
  • 1984 US Open Men's Golf, Winged Foot GC: Fuzzy Zoeller beats Greg Norman of Australia by 8 strokes in a Monday 18-hole playoff to win his first Open title
  • 1986 De Havilland Twin Otter & Bell 206 helicopter collide, kills 25
  • 1986 California Angels'Don Sutton becomes 19th MLB pitcher to win 300 games
  • 1986 Heike Friedrich swims female world record 200m freestyle (1:57.55)
  • 1986 Papua New Guinea score 9-455 in 60 overs v Gibraltar, ICC Trophy
  • 1986 US House of Representatives approves Bill to impose stricter sanctions on Apartheid South Africa
  • 1987 Charles Glass, ABC journalist, kidnapped in Lebanon
  • 1988 Jeff Hamilton, hits 8,000th Dodger home run
  • 1989 "Starmites" closes at Criter Ctr SR Theater NYC after 60 performances
  • 1989 US Open Men's Golf, Oak Hill CC: Curtis Strange wins by 3 from Scott Simpson for first back-to-back Open titles since Ben Hogan 1950-51
  • 1989 Comet Churyunov-Gerasimenko at perihelion
  • 1990 1st sudden death US Open Golf Championship is won by Hale Irwin

Historic Event

1991 Boris Yeltsin, President of Russia, arrives in US

  • 1991 Mud storm in Antofagasta Chile, kills 80
  • 1991 SF Giant pitcher Dave Dravecky's cancerous left arm is amputated
  • 1991 Yankee pitchers pick-off 3 Toronto Blue Jays

Music Single

1991 "(Everything I Do) I Do It for You" single released by Bryan Adams (Billboard Song of the Year, 1991)

  • 1992 Ottawa Senators make goalie Peter Sidorkiewicz their 1st draft pick
  • 1992 Tampa Bay Lightning make goalie Wendell Young their 1st draft pick

Sports History

1993 Expo's Dennis Martínez is 92nd MLB pitcher to win 200 games

  • 1993 Tōru Takemitsu's "Archipelago S" premieres in Aldeburgh England
  • 1994 Aleksander Popov swims world record 100m free style (48.21 sec)
  • 1994 Gay Games open in NYC
  • 1995 US Open Men's Golf, Shinnecock Hills GC: Corey Pavin wins his only major championship, 2 strokes ahead of runner-up Greg Norman of Australia

Film & TV History

1995 Memorial service for Elizabeth Montgomery is held at the Canon Theatre in Beverly Hills

Sports History

1995 All Black Jonah Lomu scores the try of the Rugby World Cup, running over Mike Catt in New Zealand's 45-29 defeat of England

  • 1995 FIFA Women's World Cup Final, Råsunda Stadium, Stockholm, Sweden: Hege Riise & Marianne Pettersen score within 3 minutes of each other to give Norway a 2-0 win over Germany

Historic Event

1996 Ted Kaczynski, suspected of being the Unabomber, is indicted on ten criminal counts

Film Premier

1999 Hindi film "Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam" premieres directed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali, starring Salman Khan, Ajay Devgn and Aishwarya Rai

  • 2000 100th US Open Men's Golf, Pebble Beach GL: Tiger Woods wins his first US Open by a major championship record-setting 15 strokes over Ernie Els and Miguel Ángel Jiménez
  • 2001 Protests occur in Manipur over the extension of the ceasefire between Naga insurgents and the government of India
  • 2001 US Open Men's Golf, Southern Hills CC: Retief Goosen of South Africa wins first of 2 US Open titles in an 18-hole Monday playoff, 2 strokes ahead of runner-up Mark Brooks

Film Premier

2001 "The Fast and the Furious" film directed by Rob Cohen starring Paul Walker, Vin Diesel and Michelle Rodriguez premieres

Film & TV History

2003 Google launches AdSense, a program that enables website publishers to serve ads targeted to the specific content of their individual web pages, many of which like On This Day (then HistoryOrb.com) go on to start their own publishing businesses

Film & TV History

2005 David Tennant's first appearance as the Tenth Doctor in BBC "Doctor Who" episode "The Parting of the Ways"

  • 2006 The first Kazakh space satellite, KazSat is launched
  • 2006 US Open Men's Golf, Winged Foot GC: Geoff Ogilvy of Australia makes clutch pars on the final 2 holes to win by 1, as runners-up Jim Furyk, Colin Montgomerie and Phil Mickelson all fail to par the 72nd hole

Album Release

2010 "Recovery" 7th studio album by Eminem is released (best selling album worldwide 2010)

  • 2012 15 people are killed and 40 injured in a suicide attack in Baquba, Iraq
  • 2012 2nd Critics' Choice Television Awards: Community wins Best Comedy Series, Homeland wins Best Drama Series
  • 2013 31 people are killed and 60 are injured by two suicide bombings in al-Qahira, Baghdad
  • 2013 27 people are killed and 30 are injured by a suicide bomb in Sher Garh, Pakistan
  • 2013 Russia passes a law banning foreign same-sex couples from adopting children

Film & TV History

2014 British actor Ian McKellen is awarded an honorary degree by Cambridge University, becoming a Doctor of Letters

Historic Event

2014 King Juan Carlos I of Spain abdicates the Spanish throne to make way for his son Felipe VI

Catholic Encyclical

2015 Pope Francis blames human selfishness for global warming in his encyclical, named "Laudato Si (Be Praised), On the Care of Our Common Home"

  • 2015 18 vigilantes are killed & 53 are injured after an accidental detonation of an explosive device in Monguno, Nigeria
  • 2016 Soyuz capsule returns to Earth 1st British International Space Station astronaut Tim Peake, Russian Yuri Malenchenko and American Timothy Kopra after 186 days

Election of Interest

2017 French President Emmanuel Macron's party La République en Marche and allies win a majority in 2nd round French legislative elections

  • 2017 Pakistan defeat India to win cricket's Champions Trophy at the Oval in London by 180 runs, Fakhar Zaman scores 114 runs
  • 2017 US Open Men's Golf, Erin Hills GC: Brooks Koepka wins his first major title by 4 strokes from Brian Harman and Hideki Matsuyama
  • 2017 Rare magnitude-four earthquake causes a tsunami to hit Nuugaatsiaq in northwestern Greenland

Historic Event

2018 US President Trump orders US military to set up sixth branch of the military - a space force

  • 2018 Ferry sinks on Lake Toba in Sumatra, Indonesia, with 193 suspected dead
  • 2019 Chennai, India's 6th largest city with 4 million people, runs out of water as its reservoirs dry up
  • 2019 China has been forcefully harvesting organs from marginalized groups in prison camps on a significant scale according to International Tribunal in London
  • 2019 US President Donald Trump announces his campaign for re-election
  • 2019 Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam announces the suspension of the pro-China and highly controversial extradition law, after massive protests in the city
  • 2019 Sex-changing Australian bush tomato study published in journal "PhytoKeys" detailing how Solanum Plastisexum can change from male to female to hermaphrodite
  • 2019 Two 14 year-old boys become the youngest in Irish history to be convicted of murder when found guilty of the murder and sexual assault of a 14 year-old girl in Dublin
  • 2019 England cricket captain Eoin Morgan smashes a ODI world record 17 sixes against Afghanistan in his side's 150-run World Cup victory at Old Trafford; Morgan, 148 from 71 balls

Historic Event

2020 US Supreme Court rules the Obama-era Dreamers Program (DACA), enabling undocumented migrant children ability to study and work, can stay

  • 2020 Global COVID-19 death toll passes 450,000 (451,118) with 8,421,357 cases known according to Johns Hopkins figures
  • 2020 Canadian coronavirus COVID-19 known cases pass 100,000 with 8,361 deaths
  • 2021 Jurist and conservative Ebrahim Raisi elected President of Iran on a low turn out
  • 2021 Record 82 million people now forcibly displaced, or over 1% of world's population, according to UN refugee agency [1]