Historical Events on June 19

  • 936 Louis IV [Louis of Overseas], crowned King of France
  • 1179 The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. Earl Erling Skakke is killed, and the battle changes the tide of the civil war
  • 1205 Pope Innocent III fires Adolf I as archbishop of Cologne
  • 1269 King Louis IX of France decrees all Jews must wear a yellow badge in public or be fined 10 livres of silver
  • 1286 Rabbenu Mir of Rothenbur imprisoned in fortress of Ensisheim

Victory in Battle

1306 The Earl of Pembroke's army defeats Robert the Bruce's Scottish army at the Battle of Methven

Event of Interest

1464 French King Louis XI forms postal service

  • 1502 Emperor Maximilian I and England sign treaty of Antwerp
  • 1572 Garrison under Adrian van Swieten occupy Oudewater
  • 1586 English colonists sailed from Roanoke Island, North Carolina
  • 1588 Spanish Armada heavily damaged in storms in the Bay of Biscay along the Galician coast of Spain, some ships return to A Coruña for repairs
  • 1603 Merga Bien arrested for witchcraft in Fulda, Germany, part of Fulda witch trials. She and about 250 people later burned at the stake.

Battle of Sorel

1610 Samuel de Champlain and his French army defeat the Mohawk people at the Battle of Sorel in New France, present-day Sorel-Tracy, Quebec

  • 1631 Peace of Cherasco: Charles de Gonzaga-Nevers becomes duke of Mantua
  • 1669 Polish parliament selects Litouwer Michael Wisniopwiecki as king

Event of Interest

1741 Russian mathematician Leonhard Euler leaves St. Petersburg for a position at the Berlin Academy, offered to him by Frederick the Great of Prussia

  • 1754 Albany Congress held by seven British colonies & Iroquois indians
  • 1770 Emanuel Swedenborg reports the completion of the Second Coming of Christ in his work True Christian Religion
  • 1770 General Church of New Jerusalem established
  • 1778 Washington's troops finally leave Valley Forge
  • 1790 French Revolution: The National Assembly issues a decree abolishing the titles, orders and other privileges of the French nobility
  • 1807 Admiral Dmitry Senyavin destroys the Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Athos
  • 1816 Battle of Seven Oaks between North West Company and Hudson's Bay Company, near Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • 1819 HMS Kite chases the steamship SS Savannah on its historic voyage across the Atlantic for 3 hours off the coast of Ireland believing it to be on fire. Unable to catch the steamship HMS Kite fires warning shots forcing it to stop and be inspected to the amazement of the British.
  • 1821 Decisive defeat of the Greek revolutionary society Philikí Etaireía by the Ottomans at Drăgăşani (in Wallachia)

Music History

1825 Gioachino Rossini's "Il viaggio a Reims" premieres

‘Bobbies’ Take To The Streets Of London

1829 Robert Peel introduces the Metropolitan Police Act 1829 into Parliament to establish a unified police force for London, the city's 1st modern police force

  • 1835 New Orleans gives US government Jackson Square to be used as a mint
  • 1846 First officially recognised baseball game (played by Cartwright Rules) - NY Nines 23 defeat Knickerbockers 1 at Hoboken, New Jersey
  • 1861 Anaheim Post Office established
  • 1861 Francis Pierpont is elected provisional governor of West Virginia
  • 1862 Slavery outlawed in US territories
  • 1863 Battle at Middleburg Virginia (100+ casualties)
  • 1864 CSS "Alabama" sunk by USS "Kearsarge" off Cherbourg, France
  • 1864 Skirmish at Pine Knob, Georgia


1865 Union General Gordon Granger declares slaves are free in Texas, now the date the end of slavery is celebrated across the US as Juneteenth

  • 1867 1st Belmont Stakes: Gilbert Gilpatrick aboard Ruthless wins in 3:05
  • 1868 Major general E R S Canby removes mayor of Columbia, South Carolina
  • 1875 Formal opening of US Marine Hospital at Presidio in San Francisco.
  • 1875 The Herzegovinian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire begins
  • 1881 Muhammad Ahmad becomes Mahdi of Sudan
  • 1894 28th Belmont: Willie Simms aboard Henry of Navarre wins in 1:56.5
  • 1897 MLB Baltimore Orioles outfielder Wee Willie Keeler's then-record 44 game hitting streak ends
  • 1897 US National Championship Women's Tennis: 1895 title holder Juliette Atkinson beats defending champion Elisabeth Moore 6-3, 6-3, 4-6, 3-6, 6-3

Presidential Convention

1900 Republican Party nominates President William McKinley for re-election, but chooses a new candidate for Vice-President, Theodore Roosevelt

Sports History

1908 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Scotsman James Braid wins his 4th Championship by 8 strokes from Tom Ball

  • 1910 1st airship in service "Germany"
  • 1910 Father's Day celebrated for 1st time (Spokane, Washington)
  • 1912 Tennessee University is established (as the Tennessee Agricultural & Industrial State Normal School for Negroes), in Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1913 Natives Land Act, Act No 27, passed in South Africa: confines Africans to hopelessly overcrowded reserves and deprives them of rights to purchase land outside the native reserves

Sports History

1914 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Harry Vardon of Jersey wins a record 6th Open Championship, 3 strokes ahead of defending champion J.H. Taylor

  • 1917 The British Royal Family, which has had strong German ties since George I, renounces its German names and titles and adopts the name of Windsor
  • 1919 Opposed to dismemberment of Turkey by the Allies, Mustafa Kemal declares his Turkish Nationalist Congress, headquartered in Ankara, independent of Constantinople
  • 1921 Census held in Great Britain
  • 1921 Turks and Christians of Palestine sign a friendship treaty against Jews

World Record

1922 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 5000m (14:28.2)

  • 1923 Comic Strip "Moon Mullins" debuts
  • 1924 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 1500m of 3:52.6; 50 minutes later sets 5,000m WR 14:28.2; also runs WR 3-mile time 14:02.00 within that event in Finnish Olympic trials in Helsinki
  • 1926 DeFord Bailey is 1st African American to perform on Nashville's "Grand Ole Opry"
  • 1931 1st photoelectric cell installed commercially West Haven, Connecticut
  • 1932 1st concert given in San Francisco's Stern Grove
  • 1932 Hailstones kill 200 in Hunan Province, China
  • 1933 Austrian government-Dollfuss bans nazi-organizations
  • 1934 Federal Communications Commission (FCC) created
  • 1936 Dutch Prime Minister Hendrikus Colijn denies relation with German call-girl

Boxing Title Fight

1936 German boxer Max Schmeling KOs up-and-coming American heavyweight Joe Louis in 12 rounds at Yankee Stadium, New York

  • 1936 Joe McCarthy is named to manage AL All-Stars, rather than high-strung Mickey Cochrane, who is very close to a nervous breakdown

Victory in Battle

1937 Francisco Franco's troops conquer the Bilbao Basques

  • 1937 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Beverly CC: Helen Hicks wins the first of her 2 major titles, defeating amateur Bea Barrett 6 & 5 in the final

Music Recording

1937 Second of two legendary recording sessions by Delta Blues musician Robert Johnson with producer Don Law at the Vitagraph Studios, Dallas, Texas

  • 1938 "Olympian Flyer" express train crashes in Montana, killing 47
  • 1938 FIFA World Cup Final, Stade Olympique de Colombes, Paris, France: Luigi Colausig & Silvio Piola each score 2 goals as Italy beats Hungary, 4-1
  • 1938 Reds Johnny Vander Meer extends his string of hitless baseball innings to 21 2/3 before Debs Garms singles for Boston in 4th

Event of Interest

1940 German 7th Armoured division under command of Rommel occupies Cherbourg

Event of Interest

1940 Hermann Goering orders seizure of Dutch horses, car, buses and ships

  • 1941 Romania orders Jewish evacuation of Darabani
  • 1941 Soviet anthropologist Michael Gerasimov opens tomb of Timurid Empire founder Timur and allegedly finds the inscription that whoever opens the tomb shall "unleash an invader more terrible than I." Three days later Germany invades Russia.

Event of Interest

1941 US President Franklin Roosevelt signs the Two Ocean Navy Expansion Act

  • 1942 Paul Waner is 7th to get 3,000 baseball hits
  • 1943 NFL's Philadelphia Eagles & Pittsburgh Steelers merge, (dissolves on Dec 5)

Famous Photo

1944 Five of the "The Magnificent Eleven" photos taken by Robert Capa during the D-Day landings at Omaha Beach, Normandy first published in "Life Magazine"

  • 1944 French troops free Elba
  • 1944 Heavy air raid on US fleet at Guam "Turkey Shoot"
  • 1944 Japanese troops conquer Changsha China
  • 1944 World War II: First day of the 2 day Battle of the Philippine Sea, US naval forces defeat Japanese fleet
  • 1945 El Teniente Mine accident [Smoke Tragedy] 355 men die from smoke inhalation from a fire in the Andes, Chile
  • 1946 1st TV sports/boxing spectacular-Joe Louis KOs Billy Conn
  • 1947 1st plane (F-80) to exceed 600 mph (1004 kph)-Albert Boyd, Muroc, California
  • 1948 Panama and Costa Rica recognize Israel
  • 1952 "I've Got A Secret" debuts on CBS-TV with Garry Moore as host
  • 1952 Brooklyn Dodgers Carl Erskine no-hits Chicago Cubs, 5-0
  • 1953 Albert W Dent elected president of US National Health Council
  • 1953 WCSC TV channel 5 in Charleston, South Carolina (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 WTPA (now WHTM) TV channel 27 in Harrisburg, PA (ABC) 1st broadcast

Sports History

1954 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Glen Flora CC: Betty Jameson wins 6 & 5 over Louise Suggs in the final

  • 1954 Tasmanian Devil debuts in "Devil May Hare" by Warner Bros
  • 1954 US Open Men's Golf, Baltusrol GC: Ed Furgol wins his only major title, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Gene Littler

Sports History

1955 Mickey Mantle hits career HR # 100

  • 1955 Philadelphia Phillies beat the Chicago Cubs, 1-0 in 15 innings; ties longest shutout in club history

US Golf Open

1955 US Open Men's Golf, Olympic CC: Jack Fleck wins an 18-hole playoff by 3 strokes to claim his only major title and deny Ben Hogan a record fifth US Open title

Music History

1956 Jerry Lewis & Dean Martin end partnership after 10 years, and 16 films

  • 1959 Senate rejects Ike's appointment of Lewis Strauss for Secetary of Commerce
  • 1960 1st Copa Libertadores Final, Asunción: Luis Cubilla scores 83' equaliser for Peñarol of Uruguay for 1-1 draw against Olimpia (Paraguay); win 2-1 on aggregate after taking 1st-leg 1-0 in Montevideo

Music Recording

1960 Loretta Lynn records "I'm a Honky Tonk Girl"

  • 1961 "Little Egypt (Ying-Yang)" by The Coasters peaks at #23

Sports History

1961 Charlie Finley, changes A's manager Joe Gordon (26-33) for Hank Bauer

  • 1961 Kuwait declares independence from UK

Baseball Record

1961 NY Yankee Roger Maris hits his 25th of 61 HRs

  • 1961 US Supreme Court struck down a provision in Maryland's constitution requiring state office holders to believe in God
  • 1963 2 Russian space missions return to Earth
  • 1963 Charter members of Canadian Football Hall of Fame chosen
  • 1963 Greek government of Pipinolis forms

Event of Interest

1963 Valentina Tereshkova 1st woman in space returns to Earth

Music History

1964 Bob Dylan completes UK tour

  • 1964 Cambuur Leeuwarden BVO soccer team forms in Leeuwarden

Event of Interest

1964 Luther Burbank Home and Gardens, home of the famous horticulturist, is designated a National Historical Landmark in Santa Rosa, California

  • 1965 Algerian coup under colonel Houari Boumedienne, pres Ben Bella fired
  • 1965 KYW-AM in Cleveland Ohio returns call letters to Philadelphia

Music History

1967 Paul McCartney admits on TV that he took LSD

  • 1968 50,000 participate in Solidarity Day March of Poor People's Campaign
  • 1969 State troopers ordered to Cairo Ill, to quell racial disturbances
  • 1970 A Nikolayev & V Sevastyanov return after 18 days in Soyuz 9

Election of Interest

1970 Conservatives led by Edward Heath win British parliamentary election

Historic Publication

1970 Jim Bouton's controversial baseball diary "Ball Four" is published

  • 1970 The Patent Cooperation Treaty is signed
  • 1971 Mayor declares state of emergency in Columbus Georgia due to racial disturbance
  • 1972 -29] Tropical storm Agnes upgraded to a hurricane, makes landfall in Panama City (would kill 128)
  • 1972 A Catholic civilian is shot dead by the Provisional Irish Republican Army in the Cracked Cup Social Club, Belfast
  • 1972 Hundreds of thousands of holidaymakers face flight delays and cancellations after pilots threaten to strike over hijack fears
  • 1972 Secretary of State for Northern Ireland William Whitelaw concedes 'special category' status, or 'political status' for paramilitary prisoners in Northern Ireland
  • 1973 "The Rocky Horror Show" stage production first opens in London written by Richard O'Brian and directed by Jim Sharman and starring Tim Curry

Sports History

1973 Pete Rose (Cincinnati Reds) and Willie Davis (LA Dodgers) both record 2,000th MLB career hit; Rose, a single in 4-0 win vs SF Giants; Davis, a HR in 3-0 win vs Atlanta Braves

  • 1974 KC Royals pitcher Steve Busby throws his 2nd career no-hitter; beats Milwaukee Brewers, 2-0
  • 1974 Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) suspends constitution
  • 1976 US Viking 1 goes into Martian orbit after 10-month flight from Earth

Sports History

1977 MLB Cleveland Indians fire manager Frank Robinson and replace him with Jeff Torborg

Event of Interest

1977 Pope Paul VI makes 19th-cen bishop John Neumann 1st US male saint

  • 1977 Red Sox set 3 game record of 16 HRs, all against Yanks
  • 1977 US Open Golf, Southern Hills CC: Hubert Green shoots 2-under 278 to beat Lou Graham by 1 stroke
  • 1978 "Best Little Whorehouse..." opens at 46th St NYC for 1577 performances

Event of Interest

1978 Garfield, created by Jim Davis, 1st appears as a comic strip

Cricket History

1978 Ian Botham takes 8-34 v Pakistan, his best Test cricket bowling

Sports History

1979 In NYC 36,211 show up to witness return of Billy Martin as manager of the New York Yankees

  • 1979 Mali's constitution goes into effect
  • 1980 Battle between police and demonstrators in Capetown, 34 killed
  • 1981 Boeing commercial Chinook 2-rotor helicopter is certified
  • 1981 European Space Agency's Ariane carries 2 satellites into orbit
  • 1981 Glastonbury Festival in Pilton, England opens: Hawkwind and Ginger Baker headline; other performers include New Order, Taj Mahal, Aswad, Gordon Giltrap, Judie Tzuke, Gong, Matumbi, Robert Hunter, Supercharge, and Talisman
  • 1981 Heaviest known orange (2.5 kg) exhibited, Nelspruit, South Africa
  • 1981 India's APPLE satellite, 1st to be stabilized on 3 axes, launched
  • 1982 The body of God's Banker, Roberto Calvi is found hanging beneath Blackfriars Bridge in London
  • 1984 1st live TV appearance by Chief Justice Warren Burger (Nightline)

Music History

1984 Weird Al Yankovic gives free live performance at Del Mar Fair

Sports History

1985 Reggie Jackson hits his 513th HR to move into 10th place

  • 1987 ETA bomb attack in Barcelona, 15 killed

Woman Jockey Rides Into Record Books

1987 Gay Kelleway rides 12-1 shot Sprowston Boy to win the two-mile six-furlong Queen Alexandra Stakes; becomes first female jockey to ride a winner at England’s Royal Ascot Racecourse

Glastonbury Festival

1987 Glastonbury Festival in Pilton, England opens: Elvis Costello, and Van Morrison headline; other performers include: New Order, The Robert Cray Band, Los Lobos, Ben E. King, Taj Mahal, Richard Thompson, Courtney Pine, Hüsker Dü, The Woodentops, The Mighty Lemon Drops, Michelle Shocked, and World Party

  • 1987 Supreme Court rules school teaching evolution need not teach creation
  • 1988 32 divers finish cycling underwater on a standard tricycle, to complete 116.66 mi in 75 hrs 20 mins
  • 1988 Namphy takes control of Haitian government
  • 1988 World's then largest sausage completed at 13 1/8 miles long
  • 1989 Barry Switzer resigns as head coach of Oklahoma's football team

Sports History

1989 Mets Dwight Gooden wins his 100th game (100-37)

  • 1990 Gary Carter catches his 1,862nd career game breaks Al López's NL mark

Event of Interest

1990 Grupo Carso, S.A. de C.V., founded by Carlos Slim is listed on the Mexico Stock Exchange

  • 1991 2 of Mia Farrow's daughters arrested for shoplifting lingerie
  • 1991 NY Yankee Steve Howe records his 1st major league save since 1987

Film Release

1992 "Batman Returns", starring Michael Keaton as Batman, Danny DeVito as the Penguin, and Michelle Pfeiffer as Catwoman, is released

Boxing Title Fight

1992 Evander Holyfield beats Larry Holmes in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1992 Guardian Angel Curtis Sliwa is shot twice in NYC
  • 1992 Inkhata-blood bath in Boipatong South-Africa
  • 1992 NY Yankees 1st game in Baltimore Oriole's Camden Yards

Cricket History

1993 David Boon completes 15th Test cricket century, 164* v England at Lord's

  • 1994 "Sally Marrand Her Escorts" closes at Helen Hayes NYC after 50 performances
  • 1994 "She Loves Me" closes at Atkinson Theater NYC after 294 performances
  • 1994 "Twilight - Los Angeles 1992" closes at Cort NYC after 72 performances
  • 1994 Ernesto Samper elected president of Colombia
  • 1994 Tigers tie record of hitting HRs in 25th consecutive games

Agreement of Interest

1995 NY Yankees announce agreement with Darryl Strawberry

  • 1997 "Forever Tango!" opens at Walter Kerr Theater NYC

Event of Interest

1999 At about 4:30 pm, Stephen King is hit by a car on the shoulder of Route 5, in Lovell, Maine. He would suffer numerous injuries, including a collapsed right lung, multiple fractures of his right leg, scalp laceration and a broken hip

Stanley Cup

1999 Stanley Cup, Marine Midland Arena, Buffalo, NY: Dallas Stars edge Buffalo Sabres, 2-1 in triple overtime for 4-2 series win; Brett Hull clinches series with infamous "No Goal" ruling

NBA Finals

2000 NBA Finals: Los Angeles Lakers beat Indiana Pacers, 116-111 in Game 6 to win the franchise's first title in 12 years; MVP: Shaquille O'Neal

Sports History

2005 Michael Schumacher wins controversial United States Formula 1 Grand Prix where only 6 of 20 cars complete the race amongst ridicule of F1 safety and tyre rules

  • 2005 US Open Men's Golf, Pinehurst CC: Michael Campbell of New Zealand holds off a charging Tiger Woods to clinch his only major title by 2 shots
  • 2006 Prime ministers of several northern European nations participate in a ceremonial "laying of the first stone" at the Svalbard Global Seed Vault in Spitsbergen, Norway.
  • 2006 Stanley Cup Final, PNC Arena, Raleigh, NC: Carolina Hurricanes beat Edmonton Oilers, 3-1 for a 4-3 series victory; Hurricane's first Championship

Music Concert

2008 Ringo Starr's tenth All-Starr Band debuts in concert; members include: Billy Squier, Colin Hay, Edgar Winter, Gary Wright, Hamish Stuart, and Gregg Bissonette

Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen

2009 "Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen" directed by Michael Bay and starring Shia LaBeouf and Megan Fox is released

  • 2011 US Open Men's Golf, Congressional CC: Irishman Rory McIlroy wins by 8 strokes ahead of Australian Jason Day; sets 11 tournament records, including lowest total 72-hole score (268) and lowest total under par (−16)
  • 2012 A man is beheaded for witchcraft and sorcery in Saudi Arabia
  • 2012 Antonis Samaras, the leader of the New Democracy party in Greece, forms a coalition government
  • 2013 48 people are killed by armed bandits in Zamfara State, Nigeria

Film Premiere

2014 "Transformers: Age of Extinction" directed by Michael Bay and starring Mark Wahlberg premieres in Hong Kong. Highest grossing film of 2014 ($1.104 billion)

Film & TV History

2014 4th Critics' Choice Television Awards: Orange Is the New Black wins Best Comedy Series, Breaking Bad wins Best Drama Series

Event of Interest

2014 Felipe VI ascends to the Spanish throne after the abdication of his father King Juan Carlos

Film & TV History

2015 Actress Shannen Doherty reveals that she has breast cancer

Film Release

2015 Pixar's animated film "Inside Out" is released with voices by Amy Poehler, Phyllis Smith, Lewis Black, Bill Hader and Mindy Kaling