On This Day

Historical Events on June 2

  • 455 King Gaiseric and the Vandals sack Rome - Rome looted for 14 days
  • 575 Benedict I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 657 St Eugene I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1615 First Récollet missionaries arrive at Quebec City, from Rouen, France
  • 1619 England and the Netherlands sign treaty about trading in the Indies

Historic Event

1625 Prince Frederick Henry sworn in as viceroy of Holland/Zealand

Historic Event

1627 English king Charles I establishes Guyana Company

  • 1633 Prince Frederick Henry conquers fort Rhine at Cologne
  • 1676 Battle at Palermo: French beats Dutch and Spanish fleet
  • 1697 August, Elector of Saxony becomes Catholic
  • 1746 Russia and Austria sign agreements
  • 1763 Pontiac's Rebellion: At what is now Mackinaw City, Michigan, Chippewas capture Fort Michilimackinac by diverting the garrison's attention with a game of lacrosse, then chasing a ball into the fort

Music History

1771 "Armida", an operatic 'dramma per musica' by Antonio Salieri debuts at the Vienna Burgtheater

  • 1774 Intolerable Acts: Amendment to original Quartering Act enacted, allows governors in colonial America to house British soldiers in uninhabited houses, outhouses, barns, or other buildings if suitable quarters not provided
  • 1780 Anti-Catholic demonstration attacks parliament in London
  • 1797 Surveyor Charles Brodhead achieves the 1st ascent of Giant Mountain (4,626 feet) in Adirondack, New York, the 1st of any Adirondack High Peak [1]
  • 1834 5th national black convention meets (NYC)

Historic Event

1835 P. T. Barnum & his circus begin 1st tour of US

  • 1848 The Slavic congress in Prague begins.
  • 1851 1st US alcohol prohibition law enacted (Maine)
  • 1855 The Portland Rum Riot occurs in Portland, Maine
  • 1857 James Gibbs of Virginia, patents the chain-stitch single-thread sewing machine
  • 1858 Donati Comet 1st seen named after its discoverer

Historic Event

1862 Robert E. Lee takes command of Confederate armies of North Virginia during the American Civil War

  • 1862 Raid at Early's: Maryland towards Washington, D.C.

Historic Event

1863 Harriet Tubman leads Union guerrillas into Maryland, freeing slaves

  • 1864 Battle of Cold Harbour, Day 2
  • 1865 At Galveston, Kirby-Smith surrenders Trans-Mississippi Dept
  • 1866 Renegade Irish Fenians surrender to US forces
  • 1869 Cleveland's Forest City play their 1st game (vs Cincinnati Red Stockings)
  • 1873 Construction begins on Clay St (San Francisco) for world's 1st cable railroad
  • 1875 James Augustine Healey became 1st Black Catholic Bishop in US

Historic Event

1875 Alexander Graham Bell makes first sound transmission

  • 1876 Hristo Botev, a Bulgarian poet and national revolutionary, is killed in Stara Planina
  • 1881 Haarlem-Zandvoort Railway opens
  • 1882 Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza festival welcomed in Paris
  • 1883 1st night baseball under lights, Fort Wayne Indiana
  • 1883 Chicago's "El" opens to traffic
  • 1896 30th Belmont: Henry Griffin aboard Hastings wins in 2:24.5

Historic Invention

1896 Italian engineer and inventor Guglielmo Marconi applies for the first ever patent for a system of wireless telegraphy in the United Kingdom

  • 1899 Black Americans observed day of fasting in protest against lynchings
  • 1901 Benjamin Adams arrested for playing golf on Sunday (NY)
  • 1902 2nd statewide initiative & referendum law adopted, in Oregon

Appointment of Interest

1902 British naval officer David Beatty is appointed captain of the cruiser HMS Juno

  • 1904 Professor Schron finds microbe that causes photosynthesis
  • 1908 33rd Preakness: Eddie Dugan riding Royal Tourist wins in 1:46.4
  • 1909 43rd Belmont: Eddie Dugan riding Joe Madden wins in 2:21.6
  • 1909 Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time
  • 1910 1st roundtrip flight over English Channel (C S Rolls, England)
  • 1910 Pygmies discovered in Dutch New Guinea
  • 1913 1st strike settlement mediated by US Department of Labor - railroad clerks
  • 1913 Demonstrations for general voting right in Netherlands
  • 1914 Glenn Curtiss flies his Langley Aerodrome
  • 1916 Battle of Verdun: German troops, under Lt Rackow, launch attack on Fort Vaux with flamethrowers, forcing French defenders inside. The fort changes hand 16 times during the entire Battle of Verdun.

Historic Event

1917 Canadian ace Billy Bishop undertakes a solo mission behind enemy lines, shooting down three aircraft as they were about to take off and several more on the ground, for which he is awarded the Victoria Cross

  • 1919 Pulitzer prize awarded to Carl Sandburg (Cornhuskers)

Historic Event

1920 Pulitzer prize awarded to Eugene O'Neill (Beyond the Horizon)

  • 1922 Suffy McInnis (1st base) ends an errorless string of 1,700 chances

Historic Event

1924 President Calvin Coolidge signs the Indian Citizenship Act (also known as Snyder Act), declaring all Native Americans to be American citizens [1]

  • 1928 Kraft, building on the original 1918 design, rolls out Velveeta cheese
  • 1930 Sarah Dickson becomes 1st woman Presbyterian elder in US, Cincinnati

Historic Event

1932 German Chancellor Franz von Papen forms his "Cabinet of the Barons"

  • 1932 Fisherman George W. Perry catches the world record largemouth bass, weighing in at 22 pounds, 4 ounces, at Lake Montgomery, Georgia

Sports History

1933 FDR authorizes 1st swimming pool built inside the White House

  • 1933 WNJ-AM in Newark NJ goes off the air
  • 1934 French Championships Men's Tennis: Gottfried von Cramm of Germany wins 1st of 2 French titles; beats Australian Jack Crawford 6-4, 7-9, 3-6, 7-5, 6-3
  • 1934 French Championship Women's Tennis: England's defending champion Margaret Scriven beats American Helen Jacobs 7-5, 4-6, 6-1

Sports History

1935 Future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Babe Ruth announces his retirement as a player at 40 years of age

  • 1935 French Championships Men's Tennis: Englishman Fred Perry wins his only French title, beating Gottfried von Cramm of Germany 6-3, 3-6, 6-1, 6-3
  • 1935 40th Women's French Championships: Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling beats Simonne Mathieu (6-2, 6-1)
  • 1936 General Anastasio Somoza García takes over as dictator of Nicaragua

Sports History

1942 Red Sox star Ted Williams enlists as a US Navy aviator

  • 1943 99th Pursuit Squadron flies 1st combat mission (over Italy)
  • 1943 German assault on Sebastopol, Crimea, begins
  • 1944 Herzogenbusch concentration camp near Vught, Netherlands, is disbanded by Allied forces, one of two SS-run camps outside Germany
  • 1946 Italian plebiscite chooses republic over monarchy (National Day)
  • 1947 Monte Carlo and Alma Sanders' musical "Louisiana Lady" opens at Century Theater, NYC; runs for 4 performances
  • 1947 Hungarian premier Ferenc Nagy resigns
  • 1950 St Louis Browns pitcher Harry Dorish swipes home vs Washington Senators

Catholic Encyclical

1951 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Evangelii praecones

  • 1952 650,000 metal workers go on strike in US
  • 1952 Maurice Olley of General Motors begins designing the Corvette

Royal Coronation

1953 Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in Westminster Abbey, London, England

  • 1954 John Costello (Cons) becomes premier of Ireland
  • 1955 The USSR and Yugoslavia sign the Belgrade declaration and thus normalize relations between both countries, discontinued since 1948.

Historic Event

1956 Yugoslav president Tito visits Moscow

  • 1958 Alan Freed joins WABC (NYC) radio

Sports History

1958 Brooks Robinson hits into 1st of record 4 triple plays

Baseball Record

1958 Yankees pitcher Whitey Ford fans 6 in a row to tie an AL record

Historic Event

1959 Allen Ginsberg writes his poem "Lysergic Acid", San Francisco

  • 1960 Broadway theaters close (labor dispute between owners & Actors Equity)

French Open Men's Tennis

1962 French Championships Men's Tennis: In an all-Australian final Rod Laver beats Roy Emerson 3-6, 2-6, 6-3, 9-7, 6-2; 2nd leg of Laver's 1st Grand Slam

  • 1962 French Championships Women's Tennis: In an all-Australian final Margaret Smith beats doubles partner Lesley Turner 6-3, 3-6, 7-5

#1 in the Charts

1962 Ray Charles' cover of Don Gibson's "I Can't Stop Loving You", from his influential crossover album "Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music" hits #1 on Billboard

  • 1964 "Folies Bergère" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 191 performances
  • 1965 2nd of 2 cyclones in less than a month kills 35,000 (Ganges River, India)
  • 1966 US Surveyor 1 lands in Oceanus Procellarum; 1st lunar soft-landing
  • 1967 Race riots in Roxbury suburb of Boston
  • 1967 Capitol Records releases The Beatles' album "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" in the US; it is their first album with identical track listings in US and UK, and goes to number one for 15 weeks in US, 22 weeks in UK
  • 1968 Canadians must get government permission to export silver
  • 1968 WBLG (now WTVQ) TV channel 62 in Lexington, KY (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • 1969 Australian aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne slices US destroyer USS Frank E Evans in half, killing 74 (South Vietnam)
  • 1971 European Cup Final, Wembley Stadium, London: Ajax beats Panathinaikos, 2-0; Dutch champions begin 3-year period of domination
  • 1972 Two British soldiers die in an IRA land mine attack near Rosslea, County Fermanagh
  • 1973 "Nash at Nine" closes at Helen Hayes Theater NYC after 21 performances

French Open Women's Tennis

1973 French Open Women's Tennis: Margaret Court of Australia beats American teenager Chris Evert 6-7, 7-6, 6-4 for her 5th and last French singles crown

  • 1974 Mali adopts constitution
  • 1974 Malta's constitution goes into effect
  • 1975 First recorded snowfall in London in June
  • 1975 James A Healy, 1st black Roman Catholic bishop, consecrated (Maine)
  • 1975 VP Rockefeller finds no pattern of illegal activities at CIA
  • 1976 East Timor People's Assembly accepts annexation by Indonesia
  • 1977 New Jersey allows casino gambling in Atlantic City

Album Release

1978 Columbia Records releases Bruce Springsteen fourth studio album "Darkness on the Edge of Town"

Papal Visit

1979 John Paul II becomes 1st pope to visit a Communist country (Poland)

  • 1979 NASA launches space vehicle S-198

Historic Event

1979 Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley signs first homosexual rights bill

  • 1980 "Your Arm's Too Short To Box With God" opens at Ambassador NYC for 149 performances

Film & TV History

1981 Barbara Walters famously asks Katharine Hepburn “If you were a tree, what kind of tree would you be?”

  • 1982 "Blues in the Night" opens at Rialto Theater NYC for 53 performances
  • 1983 1980 movie "Attack of the Killer Tomatoes" released in Germany
  • 1983 Toilet catches fire on Air Canada's DC-9, 23 die at Cincinnati
  • 1984 "Welcome To Fun Zone" hosted by Dr Demento airs on NBC-TV
  • 1984 Actress Jill Ireland has a radical mastectomy
  • 1984 Flight readiness firing of Discovery's main engines

LPGA Championship

1985 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Jack Nicklaus GC: Nancy Lopez wins by 8 shots from fellow American Alice Miller

  • 1985 39th Tony Awards: Biloxi Blues and Big River win
  • 1985 Andreas Papandreou's PASOK-party wins election in Greece
  • 1985 RJ Reynolds Company proposed a merger with Nabisco
  • 1986 NYC transit system issues a new brass with steel bullseye token
  • 1986 Regular TV coverage of US Senate sessions begins
  • 1988 61st National Spell Bee: Rageshree Ramachandran wins spelling elegiacal
  • 1988 Consumer Reports calls for a ban on the Suzuki Samurai automobile

Film Premiere

1989 "Dead Poets Society" film starring Robin Williams premieres

  • 1989 14 year old Scott Isaacs spells spoliator to win 1989 Spelling Bee
  • 1989 Cincinnati Red Eric Davis hits for cycle

Goddess of Democracy

1989 10,000 Chinese soldiers are blocked by 100,000 citizens in Tiananmen Square, Beijing, protecting students demonstrating for democracy

  • 1990 "Turtle Power" by Partners In Kryme hits #13
  • 1990 Seattle's Randy Johnson, no-hits Tigers, 2-0
  • 1991 45th Tony Awards: "Lost in Yonkers" & "Will Rogers Follies" win
  • 1991 4th Children's Miracle Network Telethon
  • 1991 Seppo Raty of Finland improves his world javelin record to 318' 1"
  • 1991 Three Andrettis finished 1-2-3 in the Miller 200 at Wisconsin

Sports History

1992 Former NFL NY Giant Coach Bill Parcells undergoes open heart surgery

  • 1992 Wilson Phillips release their second album "Shadows & Light"

Music Concert

1992 Ringo Starr's second All-Starr Band debuts in concert; members include Joe Walsh, Dave Edmunds, Todd Rundgren, Burton Cummings, Timothy B. Schmit, Zak Starkey, and Timmy Capello

  • 1994 67th National Spelling Bee: Ned Andrews wins spelling antediluvian
  • 1994 Chinook helicopter crashes in North Scotland (29 killed)

Film & TV History

1994 Indonesian censors ban Steven Spielberg's "Schindler's List"

  • 1994 Sharon Stone files $12m lawsuit against her jeweler
  • 1995 John Valentin hits 3 HRs
  • 1996 50th Tony Awards: "Master Class" & "Rent" win

US Women's Golf Open

1996 US Open Women's Golf, Pine Needles GC: Annika Sörenstam retains her title by 6 shots from Kris Tschetter

  • 1996 9th Children's Miracle Network Telethon
  • 1997 Albert Belle's Chicago White Sox tying 27-game hitting streak ends
  • 1997 Liberals beat Conservatives in France

Historic Event

1997 Timothy McVeigh found guilty of 1995 Oklahoma City bombing that killed 168

  • 1998 The CIH computer virus is discovered in Taiwan
  • 1999 The Bhutan Broadcasting Service brings television transmissions to the Kingdom for the first time
  • 2002 56th Tony Awards: "Thoroughly Modern Millie", "The Goat", or Who is Sylvia?" win

Television Debut

2002 Crime drama "The Wire" created by David Simon and starring Idris Elba and Dominic West debuts on HBO

  • 2003 Europe launches its first voyage to another planet, Mars. The European Space Agency's Mars Express probe launches from the Baikonur space centre in Kazakhstan.

Film & TV History

2004 Ken Jennings begins his 74-game winning streak on the syndicated television game show "Jeopardy!"

  • 2009 Switzerland officially enters the global recession
  • 2014 The unity government is sworn into power in Palestine; it agrees to the following: recognition of Israel, compliance to diplomatic agreements, renunciation of violence
  • 2014 Former Liberation Front guerilla fighter Salvador Sánchez Cerén, 69, is sworn in as president in El Salvador
  • 2014 Telangana with Hyderabad as it's capital becomes India's 29th state after it is separated from Andhra Pradesh
  • 2015 US Congress passes new legislation to reform National Security Agency procedures, restricting gathering of phone records
  • 2015 FIFA President Sepp Blatter announces his resignation, 5 days after his re-election, amid FIFA's involvement in a bribery scandal
  • 2015 100 volunteers in Bhutan set a world record for tree planting - 49,672 in 1 hour
  • 2017 "Wonder Woman" directed by Patty Jenkins released, earns over $100 million in North American in its opening weekend - domestic record for a female director

Historic Event

2018 Socialist Pedro Sánchez is sworn in as Spanish Prime Minister

  • 2019 US Open Women's Golf, CC of Charleston: Lee Jeong-eun of South Korea wins her first major title; beats runners-up Lexi Thompson, Agel Yin and Ryu So-yeon by 2 strokes
  • 2020 New outbreak of Ebola has killed five people in city of Mbandaka, Democratic Republic of Congo
  • 2020 Brazilian death toll passes 30,000 from COVID-19 at 31,199 with 555,383 number of cases confirmed, 2nd only to the US

Historic Event

2020 UN human rights chief, Michelle Bachelet says pandemic exposing "endemic inequalities" around the world, cites death of George Floyd and higher death toll for ethnic minorities

  • 2020 UK death toll from COVID-19 passes 50,000 (50,032) according to its Office of National Statistics
  • 2022 Queen Elizabeth II marks her Platinum Jubilee with four days of celebrations starting with a military parade at Buckingham Palace [1]

Film & TV History

2022 Jury in defamation case brought by Johnny Depp against ex-wife Amber Heard awards Depp $15 million in damages and compensation and Heard $2 million in damages in Fairfax, Virginia [1]