On This Day

Historical Events on June 21

Victory in Battle

68 Roman General Vespasian conquers Jericho during the Great Jewish Revolt

  • 524 Godomar, King of the Burgundians, defeats the Franks at the Battle of Vézeronce
  • 1128 Battle of Akspoele: earl Willem of Normandy beats Diederik

Historic Event

1307 Külüg Khan is enthroned as Emperor of China and seventh Great Khan after defeating rival factions and succeeding his uncle Temür Khan

  • 1498 Jews are expelled from Nurenberg Bavaria by Emperor Maximillian

Historic Event

1529 Queen Catherine Of England [Catherine of Aragon] speaks against her marriage's annulment at the Blackfriars Legatine Court

  • 1529 Battle of Landriano: Imperial-Spanish forces under Don Antonio de Leyva, Duke of Terranova, beat a French army under Francis de Bourbon, Comte de St. Pol
  • 1547 Great fire in Moscow, a third of the largely wooden city destroyed and 2-3,000 killed
  • 1572 Garrison under Adrian of Swieten conquers Gouda
  • 1582 Honnō-ji Incident: assassination of Oda Nobunaga by his own general Akechi Mitsuhide in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1607 1st Protestant Episcopal parish in America established at Jamestown
  • 1661 Treaty of Kardis: Russia & Sweden sign peace treaty
  • 1667 Dutch Admiral Michiel de Ruyter occupies Sheerness, England

Historic Event

1672 Grand Pensionary of Holland Johan de Witt seriously wounded

Historic Event

1672 French troops under King Louis XIV occupy Utrecht

Historic Event

1684 King Charles II revokes Massachusetts Bay Colony charter

  • 1734 In Montreal, New France (Quebec), black slave Marie-Joseph Angélique, having been convicted of the arson that destroyed much of the city, is tortured and hanged by the French authorities in a public ceremony
  • 1749 Pieter Steyn installed as pension advisor of Netherlands
  • 1749 Town of Halifax, Nova Scotia, is founded by the British - sparks Father Le Loutre's War
  • 1768 1st medical diploma in America is granted to Dr John Archer from the College of Philadelphia

Constitution of the United States

1788 US Constitution comes into effect when New Hampshire is the 9th state to ratify it

  • 1788 The population of Vizille, France, demands local parliament

Historic Event

1791 Fleeing French King Louis XVI and family captured at Varennes-en-Argonne

  • 1792 Vancouver meets Spanish ships Sutil & Mexicana off Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1805 Great Stone Face, or the Profile found in New Hampshire
  • 1813 Peninsular War: Battle of Vitoria results in a victory for a Spanish, Portuguese and British alliance against the French
  • 1821 African Methodist Episcopal Zion (AMEZ) Church organizes (NYC)
  • 1822 Slave revolt leaders Denmark Vesey and Peter Poyas arrested in South Carolina
  • 1824 Greek War of Independence: Egyptian forces capture Psara in the Aegean Sea
  • 1826 Maniots defeat Egyptians under Ibrahim Pasha in the Battle of Vergas

Historic Invention

1834 American inventor and businessman Cyrus McCormick patents the reaping machine

  • 1849 Battle at Waghausel: Prussian troops beat Baden rebels
  • 1853 Envelope-folding machine patented by Russell Hawes in Worcester, Massachusetts [1]
  • 1854 First Victoria Cross won during bombardment of Bomarsund in the Aland Islands (Crimean War)

Sports History

1858 Louisiana chess prodigy Paul Morphy arrives in Europe

  • 1863 Battle at Upperville, Virginia, Union forces hold off Confederate advance, 389 causalities
  • 1864 New Zealand Wars: The Tauranga Campaign ends
  • 1868 Wagner's opera "Meistersinger von Nuernberg" premieres in Munich

Historic Event

1869 William James 'the Father of American Psychology' passes his medical examination at Harvard Medical School

  • 1877 The Molly Maguires, ten Irish immigrants, are hanged at the Schuylkill County and Carbon County, Pennsylvania prisons
  • 1879 Frank W. Woolworth opens his 1st successful "F. W. Woolworth Great Five Cent Store" on North Queen Street, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
  • 1879 Infielder William White plays one game for the Providence Grays with conjecture was the first African-American to play MLB even though he appeared Caucasian

Historic Event

1887 Britain celebrates golden jubilee of Queen Victoria

  • 1893 1st Ferris wheel opens at Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1894 Workers in Pittsburgh strike Pullman sleeping car company
  • 1895 British Earl of Rosebery's Liberal Party government falls
  • 1898 US captures Guam from Spain during the Spanish–American War
  • 1900 Dodgers score 7 in top of 11th to go ahead of Phillies, 20-13, In bottom of 11th Phillies stalls so umpire forfeits game to Dodgers
  • 1900 In the Philippines, General Arthur McArthur, US military governor of the Philippines, issues an amnesty proclamation to those Filipinos who will renounce the insurgent movement and accept US sovereignty
  • 1904 Boston Herald tells of Red Sox trade "Dougherty as a Yankee," 1st known reference to NY club as Yankees (became Yankees in 1913)

Presidential Convention

1904 The US Republican Party nominates Theodore Roosevelt for President, but not without opposition from those whom he calls 'malefactors of great wealth'

  • 1907 US Open Men's Golf, Philadelphia Cricket Club: Alec Ross of Scotland posts 4 sub-80 rounds to win his only major title, 2 strokes ahead of runner-up Gilbert Nicholls
  • 1907 E. W. Scripps founds United Press Associations in the US
  • 1907 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Liverpool GC: Frenchman Arnaud Massy wins by 2 strokes from J.H. Taylor; first non-Briton to win Open Championship
  • 1913 Tiny Broadwick is 1st woman to parachute from an airplane
  • 1915 Anti-British revolt in South Africa ends with arrest of General De Law
  • 1915 The U.S. Supreme Court hands down its decision in Guinn v. United States 238 US 347 1915, striking down an Oklahoma law denying the right to vote to some citizens
  • 1916 Boston Red Sox pitcher Rube Foster no-hits New York Yankees, 2-0 at Fenway Park
  • 1916 Mexican troops defeat US expeditionary force under General Pershing
  • 1917 Hawaiian Red Cross forms
  • 1919 Social Democrat Gustav Bauer forms a German government

Scuttling at Scapa Flow

1919 The German Navy, feeling betrayed by the terms of the Versailles Treaty, scuttles most of its ships interned at Great Britain's Scapa Flow Naval base in the Orkney Islands

  • 1921 The UK, the Dominions, and India, become the British Commonwealth of Nations

Historic Event

1923 Marcus Garvey sentenced to 5 years for using mail to defraud

  • 1924 NCRV, Dutch Christian Radio Society, forms
  • 1932 German champion Max Schmeling loses NYSAC, NBA and lineal heavyweight boxing titles in controversial split points decision to American Jack Sharkey in NYC, New York
  • 1933 1st Great Lakes-to-Gulf of Mexico barge trip completed, New Orleans
  • 1937 French People's Popular Front government of Socialist Léon Blum falls
  • 1938 Baseball's Pinky Higgins gets 12th straight hit

Sports History

1938 Bradman scores 101* in 77 minutes, Australia v Lancashire

Sports History

1939 NY Yankees announce Lou Gehrig's retirement after doctors reveal he has amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

  • 1940 German occupiers disband Dutch States-General/Council of State
  • 1940 The first successful west-to-east navigation of Northwest Passage begins at Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1941 2nd French troops occupies Damascus, Syria
  • 1942 129°F (54°C), Tirat Zevi, Israel (Asian record)

Historic Event

1942 Germany's Panzer Army led by Erwin Rommel takes Tobruk in Libya, North Africa

  • 1942 Anneliese Seinheuer throws female world record spear (47.24m)
  • 1943 Federal troops put down racial riot in Detroit; 30 dead
  • 1944 Very heavy bombing on Berlin
  • 1945 US defeat Japanese forces on Okinawa
  • 1946 10 die in fire at Baker Hotel, Dallas, Texas

Sports History

1946 Bill Veeck buys baseball team Cleveland Indians for $2.2 million

  • 1946 Federal judge in Seattle rules that club doesn't have to play returning serviceman
  • 1948 1st stored computer program runs on Manchester Mark I at a laboratory in Manchester University, England

Historic Event

1948 Lord Mountbatten resigns as Governor General of India (formerly the last Viceroy)

  • 1948 Rhodes conference on Israeli-Arab war opens
  • 1948 WNAC (now WHDH) TV channel 7 in Boston, MA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1948 HMT Empire Windrush with the first 800 emigrants from the West Indies to the UK arrives at Port of Tilbury near London

Goodbye Scratchy 78s, Hello Vinyl

1948 Columbia Records unveil the 33-1/3 rpm LP phonograph record invented by Peter Carl Goldmark, allowing up to 20 minutes per side (available in 10 and 12 inch diameters), at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, NYC; over the next decade the popularity and profitability of the LP pushed the 78 rpm out of production [1]

Baseball Record

1950 Joe DiMaggio gets his 2,000th hit

  • 1951 "17" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 180 performances
  • 1951 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Whitemarsh Valley CC: Patty Berg defeats Pat O'Sullivan, 2-up in the final
  • 1952 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Skokie CC: Betsy Rawls defeats Betty Jameson, 1 up in the final
  • 1952 Philippine School of Commerce, through a republic act, is converted to Philippine College of Commerce; later to be the Polytechnic University of the Philippines
  • 1954 John Landy runs world record mile (3:58.0)

Music History

1955 Johnny Cash debuts Top 10 country song "Cry! Cry! Cry!"

  • 1956 Anti-protons detected in the atmosphere
  • 1956 German DR frees almost 19,000 prisoners
  • 1956 Oriole Connie Johnson beats WS Jack Harshman (1-0) in dual 1 hitters

Historic Event

1957 John Diefenbaker (C) takes office as Prime Minister of Canada

  • 1957 Ellen Louks Fairclough is sworn in as Canada's first woman Cabinet Minister

Historic Event

1957 Louis St. Laurent resigns as Prime Minister of Canada, ending the longest uninterrupted run at the federal level in Canadian history

  • 1957 7th Berlin International Film Festival: "12 Angry Men" wins Golden Bear
  • 1958 French franc devalues
  • 1960 German sprinter Armin Hary runs world record 100m (10.0)
  • 1962 USAF Major Robert M. White takes X-15 to 75,190 m

Papal Inauguration

1963 Cardinal Montini elected Pope Paul VI, 262nd head of Roman Catholic Church, succeeding John XXIII

  • 1963 13th Berlin International Film Festival: "The Devil" and "Bushido: The Cruel Code of the Samurai" win the Golden Bear (tie)
  • 1964 Byron De La Beckwith arrested for the murder of civil rights activist Medger Evers, found guilty 30 yr later

Baseball Record

1964 Phillies pitcher Jim Bunning hurls a perfect game as Philadelphia beats the New York Mets, 6-0 on Fathers Day at Shea Stadium

  • 1964 Three civil rights workers, Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James Chaney, disappear after being released from a Mississippi jail, later found murdered by members of the Ku Klux Klan
  • 1964 UEFA European Championship Final, Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid, Spain: Marcelino scores the winner as Spain beats Soviet Union, 2-1

US Golf Open

1965 US Open Men's Golf, Bellerive CC: Gary Player of South Africa beats Australian Kel Nagle by 3 strokes in an 18-hole playoff to win his only US Open title; completes his career Grand Slam at age 29

  • 1966 Queen Juliana opens Coen tunnel in Amsterdam

Film Release

1966 "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?", directed by Mike Nichols and based on the 1962 play of the same name, starring Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton, is released (Academy Awards Best Actress 1967)

  • 1967 Yanks take 5-3 lead in 11th & lose 6-5, in 2nd game Red Sox lead 3-2 in 9th & Yanks beat them 6-3

Historic Event

1968 US Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren announces he will resign once a successor is found

  • 1968 18th Berlin International Film Festival: "Who Saw Him Die?" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1969 1st reported hearing of pirate radio WGHP (With God's Help Peace)

Music Premiere

1969 Dmitri Shostakovich's 14th Symphony premieres in Moscow

  • 1969 John Pennel pole vaults world record (5.45 m)
  • 1969 Zager & Evans release "In the Year 2525"
  • 1970 US Open Men's Golf Hazeltine National GC: Englishman Tony Jacklin shoots sub-par in all 4 rounds on his way to a 7-stroke win ahead of Dave Hill

FIFA World Cup

1970 FIFA World Cup Final, Estadio Azteca, Mexico City: Brazil and Pelé become first team and player to win World Cup 3 times, beating Italy, 4-1 in front of 107,412

  • 1970 Detroit's Cesar Gutierrez goes 7-for-7 to tie a record set in 1892

Music Concert

1971 50,000 attend Celebration of Life, rock concert in McCrea, Louisiana; performers included Chuck Berry; Stephen Stills; WAR; John Sebastian; and Delaney and Bonnie

  • 1971 US Open Men's Golf, Merion GC: Lee Trevino wins his 2nd Open by 3 strokes in a Monday 18-hole playoff with Jack Nicklaus
  • 1971 Indians Ken Harrelson retires from baseball to play pro golf
  • 1971 International Court of Justice asks South Africa to pull out of Namibia
  • 1974 24th Berlin International Film Festival: "The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz" wins the Golden Bear

Music History

1975 Elton John, The Eagles and The Beach Boys play to 72,000 fans at Wembley Stadium, London

Music History

1975 British rock guitarist Ritchie Blackmore quits Deep Purple, forms Rainbow

  • 1975 Soyuz 19 returns to Earth
  • 1975 Cricket World Cup, Lord's, London: Player of the Match Clive Lloyd scores 102 as West Indies beats Australia by 17 runs; first major limited overs One Day International (ODI) tournament
  • 1975 Ruffian leads all the way to win the Coaching Club American Oaks at Belmont and clinch American thoroughbred racing's Triple Tiara for fillies
  • 1976 Italian General Election; Enrico Berlinguer's Communist party win their greatest-ever share of the vote (34.4%)

Historic Event

1977 Former White House chief of staff H. R. Haldeman enters prison

Historic Event

1977 Menachem Begin (Likud) becomes Israel's 6th Prime Minister

  • 1977 Bülent Ecevit forms a minority government in Turkey which lasts only 1 month

Music Premiere

1978 Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice's musical "Evita", starring Elaine Page, premieres at the Prince Edward Theatre, London

  • 1978 The British Army shoots dead 3 Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteers and a passing Ulster Volunteer Force member at a postal depot on Ballysillan Road, Belfast; it is claimed that the PIRA volunteers were about to launch a bomb attack
  • 1979 Sri Lanka beat Canada by 60 runs to win the 1st ICC Trophy
  • 1981 12-bottle case of 1979 Napamedoc Cabernet wine auctioned for $24,000
  • 1981 US Open Men's Golf, Merion GC: David Graham wins his second major title and becomes the first Australian to win the US Open, 3 strokes ahead of runners-up George Burns and Bill Rogers
  • 1981 Bread riots in Casablanca, Morocco, kill 66 people (government figure vs opposition estimate of 637)
  • 1981 Socialists and communists win French parliamentary election

Music Single

1982 Paul McCartney releases single "Take It Away"

  • 1983 Stephanie Kay Ashmore, of Alabama, 18, crowned America's Junior Miss

Sports History

1983 Tennis ace Arthur Ashe undergoes double bypass heart surgery

  • 1985 American, Brazilian & West German forensic pathologists confirm skeletal remains exhumed in Brazil were Nazi Dr Josef Mengele
  • 1986 "Living on Video" by Trans-X peaks at #61
  • 1986 "Vienna Calling" by Falco peaks at #18

Contract of Interest

1986 1985 Heisman Trophy winner Bo Jackson, signs 3-year contract to play baseball with the Kansas City Royals

  • 1986 Heike Drechsler of East Germany long jumps 7.45 m (women's record)

Historic Event

1986 President Reagan gives speech defending his judicial appointments

  • 1987 US Open Men's Golf, Olympic Club: Scott Simpson passes and holds off 1982 champion Tom Watson on the Lake Course to win his only major title by 1 stroke
  • 1987 Discovery rolls over from OPF to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida)

Sports History

1987 Mike Tyson sexually harasses a parking lot attendant

  • 1988 42nd NBA Championship: LA Lakers beat Detroit Pistons, 4 games to 3
  • 1988 Many killed at demonstration against General Ne Win in Rangoon
  • 1988 American rock band The Rascals begin their 1st tour in 20 years
  • 1989 Carlton Fisk becomes AL catcher HR hitter, 307th at Yankee stadium
  • 1989 Supreme Court rules ok to burn US flag as a political expression

Sports History

1989 Yankees trade Rickey Henderson to A's for Plunk, Cadaret & Polonia

  • 1990 7.7 Manjil-Rudbar Earthquake with hundreds of aftershocks hits Iran; killing about 50,000

Music History

1990 Little Richard [Penniman] gets a star on Hollywood's Walk Of Fame

  • 1990 NYC's Zodiac killer shoots 4th victim, Larry Parham
  • 1990 Parliaments of W & E Germany recognize Oder-Neissegrens
  • 1990 US House of Representatives votes 254-177 to stop US flag burning, doesn't pass
  • 1990 At Yankee Stadium rally, Nelson Mandela dons a NY Yankee baseball cap and proclaims "I am a Yankee!"
  • 1991 Jirg Haider resigns as premier of Austrian province of Karinthia

Hall of Fame

1991 NY Islanders Denis Potvin and Mike Bossy are elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame

  • 1991 P. V. Narasimha Rao becomes Prime Minister of India as head of a Congress Party minority government
  • 1992 US Open Men's Golf, Pebble Beach GL: Perennial runner-up Tom Kite breaks through for his only major title, 2 strokes ahead of runner-up Jeff Sluman

Sports History

1992 Last day of test cricket for English star players Ian Botham and Allan Lamb

Music Premiere

1993 Revival of Lerner and Loewe' musical "Camelot", with Robert Goulet as King Arthur, opens at Gershwin Theater, NYC; runs for 56 performances

  • 1993 English mathematician Andrew Wiles proves last theorem of Fermat
  • 1993 STS-57 (Endeavour) launches into orbit

Sports History

1994 German tennis superstar Steffi Graf becomes first defending champion to lose in the 1st round of a major tournament (Wimbledon to American Lorrie McNeal)

  • 1997 "Defending the Caveman" closes at Helen Hayes NYC after 671 performances

Sports History

1997 NHL Draft: Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds (OHL) center Joe Thornton first pick by Boston Bruins

  • 1997 Women's National Basketball Association begins as NY Liberty beats LA Sparks
  • 1998 US Open Men's Golf, Olympic Club, SF: Lee Janzen recovers from 7 stroke deficit to win his second Open title, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Payne Stewart
  • 1998 "Don't Be Cruel" second studio album by Bobby Brown is released (Grammy Award Best Male R&B Vocal Performance, 1990)
  • 2000 Section 28 (outlawing the 'promotion' of homosexuality in the United Kingdom) is repealed in Scotland with a 99 to 17 vote
  • 2001 Total solar eclipse in Madagascar-Indian Ocean (4m56s)
  • 2001 A federal grand jury in Alexandria, Virginia, indicts 13 Saudis and a Lebanese in the 1996 bombing of the Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia that killed 19 American servicemen

Historic Event

2001 Mexican artist Frida Kahlo is the 1st Hispanic woman to be honored on a US postage stamp

Boxing Title Fight

2002 Lennox Lewis retains boxing's WBC world Heavyweight crown with an eight round knockout over Mike Tyson

Historic Publication

2003 "Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix" the 5th book of the series by J. K. Rowling is published worldwide in English

  • 2004 SpaceShipOne becomes the first privately funded spaceplane to achieve spaceflight

Album Release

2005 Billy Corgan releases "TheFutureEmbrace", his first solo album

  • 2006 Pluto's newly discovered moons are officially named Nix and Hydra
  • 2009 ICC Women's Cricket T20 World Cup, Lord's: England 86/4 win inaugural event; beat New Zealand 85; England's Katherine Brunt takes 3 for 6
  • 2012 Moody's downgrades 15 major banks in the UK, US, Canada and Europe
  • 2012 A boat of 200 asylum seekers headed to Australia capsizes and 110 survivors are rescued