On This Day

Historical Events on June 22

  • 217 BC Battle of Raphia: Ptolemy IV of Egypt defeats Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom
  • 168 BC Battle of Pydna: Romans under Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeat and capture Macedonian King Perseus, ending the Third Macedonian War
  • 431 Council of Ephesus (3rd ecumenical council) opens
  • 816 Pope Stephen IV, [V] elected to succeed Leo III
  • 1342 Fictional character of "The Hobbit" Bilbo Baggins returns to his home at Bag End, Shire Reckoning

Historic Event

1377 Richard II succeeds Edward III as king of England

  • 1476 Battle at Morat/Murten: Charles the Stout invades Switzerland
  • 1497 Antitax insurrection in Cornwall suppressed at Blackheath

Treaty of Interest

1533 Ferdinand of Austria and Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent sign peace treaty

Execution

1535 Cardinal John Fisher is beheaded on Tower Hill, London, for refusing to acknowledge Henry VIII as head of the Church of England

  • 1559 Jewish quarter of Prague burned and looted
  • 1593 Battle of Sisak: Allied Christian troops defeat the Turks
  • 1596 Cornelis de Houtmans fleet reaches Banten Java

Historic Event

1611 English explorer Henry Hudson, his son and seven others set adrift in Hudson Bay by mutineers on his ship Discovery and never seen again

Historic Event

1633 Galileo Galilei forced to recant his Copernican views that the Earth orbits the Sun by the Pope (Vatican only admits it was wrong on Oct 31, 1992!)

Historic Event

1675 Royal Greenwich Observatory established in England by Charles II

  • 1679 Battle at Bothwell Bridge on Clyde: Duke of Monmouth beats Scots
  • 1740 King Frederik II of Prussia ends torture and guarantees religion & freedom of the press
  • 1745 Bonnie Prince Charles sails to Scotland
  • 1772 Somerset v Stewart court case finds slavery unsupported by English common law, encouraging the abolitionist movement
  • 1774 British parliament accepts Quebec Act, which extends the province's territory and restores French civil law
  • 1775 1st Continental currency issued ($3,000,000)
  • 1799 Britain and Russia decide to invade Batavian Republic
  • 1807 British board USS Chesapeake, a provocation leading to War of 1812

Victory in Battle

1812 Upon learning of plans by the Americans to execute a surprise attack, Laura Secord walks 32 km to warn British troops, results in a British surprise victory at the Battle of Beaver Dams

  • 1814 1st match at the present Lord's, MCC v Herefordshire

Historic Event

1815 2nd abdication of Napoleon (after Waterloo)

  • 1825 British Parliament abolishes feudalism and the seigneurial system in British North America
  • 1832 John Howe patents pin manufacturing machine
  • 1844 Influential North American fraternity Delta Kappa Epsilon is founded at Yale University
  • 1847 First ring doughnut supposedly created by Hanson Gregory

Presidential Convention

1848 Barnburners (anti-slavery) party nominates Martin Van Buren for President

  • 1848 Beginning of the June Days uprising in Paris by French workers
  • 1849 Stephen C Massett opens concert at San Francisco courthouse using only piano in California
  • 1851 Fire destroys part of San Francisco, including City Hall and Jenny Lind Theatre, city's seventh fire in 2 years
  • 1864 Battle of Ream's Station, Virginia (Wilson's Raid)
  • 1864 Skirmish at Culp's (Kulp's) House, Georgia

Sports History

1865 Acknowledged as 1st Class Cricket debut of Dr W. G. Grace; as a 16 year old he is dismissed for 0 playing for Gentlemen of South v Players of South at Kennington Oval, London

  • 1865 The CSS Shenandoah fires the last shot of the American Civil War in the Bering Strait to indicate surrender
  • 1868 Arkansas re-joins the US
  • 1870 US Congress creates Department of Justice
  • 1874 Dr Andrew T Still, discovers the science of osteopathy
  • 1874 Game of lawn tennis introduced
  • 1875 Garonne Flood: great damage in Verdun & Toulouse, kills about 1,000
  • 1889 Louisville Colonels set ML baseball record with 26th consecutive loss
  • 1893 British fleet under Vice Admiral George Tryon leaves Beirut
  • 1897 Bombay plague commissioner Walter Charles Rand shot by Chapekar brothers as protest against his extreme measures to combat city's plague epidemic (dies July 3)
  • 1900 In China, practically the whole foreign community in Peking, including many Chinese Christians, retreat to British compounds
  • 1904 Chinese laborers arrive in South Africa following a severe labor shortage
  • 1906 Haakon VII crowned King of Norway

Historic Event

1910 1st airship with passengers sets afloat-Zeppelin Deutscheland

Royal Coronation

1911 King George V crowned King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Canada, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, and all his realms and territories beyond the sea

  • 1915 BMT, then Brooklyn Rapid Transit, begins subway service
  • 1918 Circus train rammed by troop train kills 68 (Ivanhoe, Illinois)
  • 1918 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Molla Bjurstedt beats Eleanor Goss 6-4, 6-3 for her 4th consecutive US singles title

World Record

1921 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10,000m (30:40.2)

  • 1922 Herrin massacre, 19 strikebreakers and 2 union miners are killed in Herrin, Illinois.
  • 1925 Spain and France fight Morocco
  • 1926 Cardinals pick up 39-year-old Grover Alexander on waivers from Cubs
  • 1929 Mel Ott (Giants) homers off Leo Sweetland (Phillies) in doubleheader

Baseball Record

1930 New York Yankees first baseman Lou Gehrig smashes 3 HRs in 20-13 win over Philadelphia A's at Shibe Park

  • 1931 RVU, Radio-Volks-University, forms
  • 1932 Congress approves "Lindbergh Act" making kidnapping a federal offense (amended 1934)
  • 1932 NL finally approves players wearing numbers
  • 1933 German social-democratic party (SPD) forbidden

Historic Event

1934 John Dillinger is informally named America's first Public Enemy Number One

  • 1936 Harry Froboess dives 110 m from airship into Bodensee & survives
  • 1936 Virgin Islands receives a constitution from US (Organic Act)

Boxing Title Fight

1937 Challenger Joe Louis KOs James J Braddock in the 8th round at Chicago's Comiskey Park for the world heavyweight boxing title

  • 1938 Joe Louis scores a stunning 1st round KO of German Max Schmeling at Yankee Stadium, NYC to retain his world heavyweight boxing title

Meeting of Interest

1939 Princess and future Queen Elizabeth meets future husband Prince Philip of Greece (Midshipman Mountbatten, RN)

  • 1940 France surrenders to Nazi Germany, with the northern half of the country occupied and the south established as the Nazi client state Vichy France
  • 1940 SS rounds up 31 German/Polish/Dutch Jews in Roermond, Netherlands
  • 1940 About 10,000 Afrikaner women march to the union buildings in protest of South Africa's involvement in WWII
  • 1940 1st Dairy Queen restaurant opened, in Joliet, Illinois

Germany Invades the Soviet Union

1941 Operation Barbarossa: Nazi Germany and its allies invade the Soviet Union during WWII, the largest military operation in history

  • 1941 June Uprising in Lithuania begins, resulting in the collapse of the Soviet occupation, but replaced with invading German forces shortly after
  • 1941 Various Communist and Socialist French Resistance movements merge to one group
  • 1942 Japanese submarine in mouth of Columbia River, Oregon
  • 1942 Jewish Brigade attached by British Army in WW II, forms

Music Premiere

1942 European broadcast première of Dmitri Shostakovich's 7th Symphony in London conducted by Sir Henry J. Wood and the London Philharmonic Orchestra

Historic Event

1943 W.E.B. Du Bois becomes 1st Black member of National Institute of Letters

Historic Event

1943 617 Squadron (Dambusters) attends investiture at Buckingham Palace, Commanding Officer Guy Gibson awarded the Victoria Cross

  • 1944 US troops occupy Biak during Battle of Biak, New Guinea
  • 1944 British 14th Army frees Imphal, Assam from the Japanese

Historic Event

1944 US President Franklin Roosevelt signs "GI Bill of Rights" (Servicemen's Readjustment Act)

  • 1944 Longest shut out in Phillies history, Phils beat Braves 1-0 in 15 inn
  • 1944 Boston Brave Jim Tobin 2nd no-hitter of yr beats Phils, 7-0 in 5 inn
  • 1944 Opening day of the Soviet Union's Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre
  • 1946 Alec Bedser takes 7-49 v India on 1st day of his 1st Test cricket

Sports History

1946 Bill Veeck purchases Cleveland Indians

Historic Event

1946 Speaking at a prayer meeting in New Delhi, Gandhi calls on the South African government to stop 'hooliganism' by Whites

  • 1947 12" rain in 42 mins (Holt, MO)
  • 1947 Ewell Blackwell just misses pitching back-to-back no-hitters (9th inn)

Boxing Title Fight

1949 Ezzard Charles beats Jersey Joe Walcott in 15 for National Boxing Association world heavyweight title

  • 1951 Gene Rayburn & Dee Finch show premieres on NBC radio
  • 1954 Congress passes revised organic act for Virgin Islands

Historic Event

1955 Antonio Segni forms government in Italy

  • 1955 US air patrol plane shot down above Bering sea

Film Release

1955 Walt Disney's animated film "Lady & the Tramp" released

  • 1956 6th Berlin International Film Festival: "Invitation to the Dance" wins Golden Bear
  • 1957 Kansas City stops using streetcars in its transit system
  • 1958 Game in KC between A's & Red Sox delayed 29 minutes due to tornado
  • 1958 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Kahkwa CC: Patty Berg wins back-to-back WO titles; beats runner-up Beverly Hanson by 4 strokes
  • 1959 "Along Came Jones" by Coasters peaks at #9

Music History

1959 "Class" the first hit by Chubby Checker peaks at #38 in the US

  • 1959 Eddie Lubanski bowls 2 consecutive perfect games

Sports History

1959 Most Phillies strike out in a game (16 by Sandy Koufax)

  • 1959 Shunryu Suzuki completes his historical Japan to SF voyage
  • 1959 Vanguard SLV-6 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
  • 1961 Moise Tsjombe freed from prison in Congo
  • 1961 Beatles record "Ain't She Sweet", "Cry for a Shadow", "When the Saints Go Marching In", "Why", "Nobody's Child" & "My Bonnie", in Hamburg, Germany

Baseball Record

1961 MLB Chicago Cubs' Ernie Banks ends 717 consecutive games played streak

  • 1962 1st test flight of a Hovercraft
  • 1962 French Boeing 707 crashes at Guadeloupe, 113 killed
  • 1962 12th Berlin International Film Festival: "A Kind of Loving" wins the Golden Bear

Music Single

1963 "Little" Stevie Wonder aged 13 releases his first single "Fingertips" (first live non-studio recording to go to No. 1 on Billboard)

  • 1965 Freddie Trueman ends his Test cricket career, v NZ at Lord's
  • 1966 South African Bishop Alphaeus Hamilton Zulu, is refused a passport and thus permission to attend an international church conference by the South African government
  • 1968 "Here Come Da Judge" by The Buena Vistas peaks at #88

Music History

1969 Aretha Franklin arrested in Detroit for creating a disturbance

  • 1969 Cleveland's Cuyahoga River catches fire due to pollution
  • 1969 The Derry Housing Action Committee (DHAC) stage a protest by blocking the Lecky Road in the Bogside area of Derry, Northern Ireland

Historic Event

1970 President Richard Nixon signs extension of the 1965 Voting Rights Act that requires voting age at 18 in all federal, state, and local elections

  • 1970 Supreme Court ruled juries of less than 12 are constitutional
  • 1970 WSWO TV channel 26 in Springfield, OH (ABC) suspends broadcasting
  • 1970 Irish socialist, republican and Member of Parliament, Bernadette Devlin, loses her appeal against a 6-month prison sentence imposed for taking part in riots in Derry
  • 1971 Pretoria court rules that the former leader of the banned Pan Africanist Congress (PAC), Robert Sobukwe, will not be allowed to use his exit permit to leave South Africa for study in the United States

Album Release

1971 Reprise Records releases "Blue", Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell's 4th studio album [1] [2]

  • 1972 "Man of La Mancha" opens at Beaumont Theater NYC for 140 performances
  • 1972 The Irish Republican Army announce that it would call a ceasefire from 26 June 1972 provided that there is a "reciprocal response" from the security forces
  • 1973 Dutch High Council stops fluorine addition to drink water

Album Release

1973 George Harrison releases his fourth studio album "Living in the Material World" in the UK

  • 1973 Skylab 2's astronauts land
  • 1973 23rd Berlin International Film Festival: "Distant Thunder" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1975 Ulster Volunteer Force try to derail a train by planting a bomb on the railway line near County Kildare, Ireland; a civilian who tries to stop them is stabbed-to-death (his actions delay the explosion to let the train pass safely)
  • 1976 Stephen Schwartz' musical "Godspell" opens at Broadhurst Theater, NYC; runs for 527 performances
  • 1976 SD Padre pitcher Randy Jones ties record of 68 innings without a walk
  • 1977 Former AG John Mitchell starts 19 months in Alabama prison
  • 1977 Walt Disney's "Rescuers" released, first Disney film to get a sequel
  • 1978 James Christy's discovery of Pluto's moon Charon announced
  • 1978 Neo-Nazis call off plans to march in Jewish community of Skokie, Illinois

Music History

1979 Little Richard quits rock & roll for religious pursuit

  • 1979 Pro Football Researchers Association forms (Canton Ohio)

Beatification

1980 Pope John Paul II beatifies Kateri Tekakwitha, making her the 1st Native American to be beatified

  • 1980 Jim King begins riding Miracle Strip Roller coaster 368 hours
  • 1980 UEFA European Championship Final, Stadio Olimpico, Rome, Italy: Horst Hrubesch scores a double as Germany beats Belgium, 2-1
  • 1980 American golfer Don January beats Mike Souchak by 2 strokes to win the Atlantic City Senior International in Northfield, New Jersey; inaugural tournament of the Senior PGA Tour
  • 1981 2 Habash terrorists attack a travel agency in Greece killing 2
  • 1981 Iranian president Bani Sadr deposed

Sports History

1981 John McEnroe's famous 'You cannot be serious' rant in 1st round win over Tom Gullikson at Wimbledon

Music History

1981 Mark David Chapman pleads guilty to killing former Beatle John Lennon

  • 1982 Manhattan institutes bus-only lanes

Sports History

1982 Pete Rose gets his 3,772nd hit, moves past Aaron into 2nd place

Historic Event

1982 Prince Charles and Princess Diana take new-born son Prince William home from hospital

  • 1982 Susan Lea Hammett, of Miss, 18, crowned 25th America's Junior Miss
  • 1983 1st time a satellite is retrieved from orbit by Space Shuttle
  • 1983 NHL institutes a 5 minute sudden death overtime period
  • 1984 Calvin Griffith signs letter of intent to sell ownership of Twins
  • 1984 Carl Pohlad becomes CEO of Minnesota Twins
  • 1984 Jolande van de Meer swims Dutch record 800 m freestyle (8:39.30)
  • 1984 Joseph Luns resigns as secretary-general of NATO

Historic Event

1984 Richard Branson's Virgin Atlantic Airways commences operations with flight from Gatwick to Newark

  • 1985 "Grind" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 79 performances

Music History

1985 "Smuggler's Blues" by Glenn Frey peaks at #12

  • 1986 Pirate Radio Euro Weekend (Holland) begins transmitting
  • 1986 Spain's premier Gonzalez' Socialist Party wins elections
  • 1986 Senior Tournament Players Championship Men's Golf, Canterbury GC: Chi Chi Rodriguez wins his first career major title by 2 strokes from Bruce Crampton of Australia

Sports History

1987 Tom Seaver retires after 3rd try with NY Mets

  • 1987 The International Labour Organisation, meeting for its annual conference in Geneva, calls for international sanctions against South African minerals
  • 1987 A bomb blast in a Johannesburg video-game arcade kills an unborn baby and injures ten people
  • 1989 Business Day reports that SA is about to test an intermediate range ballistic missile capable of carrying nuclear warheads

Music Concert

1990 Billy Joel performs a concert at Yankee Stadium, New York City

  • 1990 MLB Atlanta Braves replace manager Russ Nixon with GM Bobby Cox
  • 1990 Florida passes a law which prohibits wearing a thong bathing suit
  • 1990 Longest game in Toronto, Yanks beat Blue Jays 8-7 in 15 inns

United Nations Speech

1990 Nelson Mandela addresses the United Nations Special Committee against Apartheid in New York, saying that nothing has occurred in South Africa to reverse the ANC's position

Glastonbury Festival

1990 Glastonbury Festival in Pilton, England opens: The Cure, and Ladysmith Black Mambazo headline; other performers include Sinead O'Connor, Neville Brothers, Ry Cooder, Del Amitri, Flaco Jiminez, Hothouse flowers, and World Party

  • 1991 "I Hate Hamlet" closes at Walter Kerr Theater NYC after 88 performances

Sports History

1991 NHL Draft: Oshawa Generals center Eric Lindros first pick by Quebec Nordiques

  • 1991 Underwater volcano, Mount Didicas, erupts in the Philippines

Historic Event

1992 Two skeletons excavated in Yekaterinburg, Russia identified as Tsar Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra

  • 1992 Supreme Court rules "hate crime" laws violated free-speech rights
  • 1993 NY Met Anthony Young ties record of 23rd straight lose

Music History

1993 Wilson Pickett pleads guilty to auto assault due to drunk driving

NBA Finals

1994 48th NBA Championship: Houston Rockets beat NY Knicks, 4 games to 3

Baseball Record

1994 Ken Griffey Jr. breaks Ruth's record for most HRs by end of June (31)

  • 1994 Mets reliever John Franco sets lefty save mark at 253
  • 1994 FIFA World Cup: USA beats Colombia 2-1 in round match at the Rose Bowl, Pasadena, 1st WC win since 1950
  • 1996 29th Curtis Cup: Great Britain & Ireland wins 11-6

Boxing Title Fight

1996 Michael Moorer beats Axel Shultz in 11 for IBF heavyweight boxing title

  • 1996 Saurav Ganguly scores 131 at Lord's on Test cricket debut
  • 1996 NHL Draft: Prince Albert Raiders (WHL) defenceman Chris Phillips first pick by Ottawa Senators
  • 1997 WLAF World Bowl 5, Olympic Stadium, Barcelona: Barcelona Dragons beat Rhein Fire, 38-24
  • 1999 Former Mpumalanga premier, Ndaweni Mahlangu causes a storm within political circles with his now infamous statement, "It is acceptable for politicians to lie", South Africa
  • 2002 An earthquake in western Iran measuring 6.5 on the Richter scale kills more than 261 people.
  • 2002 WLAF World Bowl 10, Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf: Berlin Thunder beats Rhein Fire, 26-20
  • 2009 Two Metro subway trains collide in Washington, D.C., killing 9 and injuring over 80