On This Day

Historical Events on June 23

  • 930 World's oldest parliament, the Icelandic Parliament, the Alþingi (anglicised as Althing or Althingi), established
  • 1295 Pope Boniface VIII enters Rome
  • 1298 Duke Albrecht von Habsburg crowned King of Germany
  • 1305 French-Flemish peace treaty signed at Athis-sur-Orge

Treaty of Interest

1532 Henry VIII of England & Francois I of France sign secret treaty against Emperor Charles V

The Protestant Reformation

1547 Champion of the Protestant Reformation, Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse is captured and taken to south Germany

  • 1565 Turgut Reis [Dragut], commander of the Ottoman Navy, dies during the Siege of Malta
  • 1585 Spanish army under Tassis beats Amerongen Staatse troops
  • 1658 Dutch troops occupy last Portuguese Fort at Jafnapatnam in Ceylon

Contract of Interest

1661 Marriage contract for Charles II of England and Catharina of Portugal

Treaty of Interest

1683 William Penn signs friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape indians in Pennsylvania; only treaty "not sworn to, nor broken"

  • 1713 The French residents of Acadia are given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia, Canada
  • 1724 Russia and Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople
  • 1757 Robert Clive defeats army led by Suraja Dowlaat Plassey, wins control of Bengal
  • 1758 Seven Years' War: Battle of Krefeld - British forces defeat French troops at Krefeld in Germany
  • 1760 Battle of Landshut Silesia: Austria beats Prussia
  • 1775 1st regatta held on river Thames, England
  • 1780 American Revolution: Battle of Springfield fought in and around Springfield, New Jersey (including Short Hills, formerly of Springfield, now of Millburn Township
  • 1784 1st US balloon flight (13 year old Edward Warren)

French Revolution

1789 French King Louis XVI rejects the demands of the Third Estate, calling itself the National Assembly, during the opening stages of the French Revolution

New Settlement

1794 Russian Empress Catherine II (Catherine the Great) grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev

Historic Event

1810 John Jacob Astor organizes the Pacific Fur Company in Astoria, Oregon

Historic Publication

1819 First editions of "The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent." by Washington Irving released, featuring story "Rip Van Winkle"

  • 1821 Dutch troops conquer Palembang
  • 1848 Bloody insurrection of workers in Paris
  • 1854 Antwerp-Roosendaal railway goes into use
  • 1860 US Congress establishes Government Printing Office
  • 1863 Tullahoma campaign, Tennessee
  • 1865 At Fort Towson, General Stand Watie surrenders last sizeable confederate army

Presidential Convention

1888 Frederick Douglass is 1st African-American to be nominated for US Vice President

Historic Event

1890 In an effort to solve the "Uitlander" grievances regarding voting rights, President of Transvaal Paul Kruger institutes a Second Volksraad, responsible for controlling local matters

  • 1893 US National Championship Women's Tennis: Aline Terry wins her lone major title; beats Augusta Schultz 6-1, 6-3
  • 1894 The International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne, Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin

Historic Event

1898 Emilio Aguinaldo issues a decree replacing his dictatorial government with a revolutionary government, with himself as President

  • 1900 British Governor Frederick Hodgson and some of his British supporters flee Fort Coomassie, Gold Coast, Africa, where they have been under siege since 6 April
  • 1900 The Young Turks present a manifesto to the major foreign embassies in Constantinople demanding that these foreign powers end the Ottoman Sultan's rule
  • 1900 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Myrtle McAteer beats Edith Parker 6-2, 6-2, 6-0 for her lone major singles title

Music History

1902 Monument to composer Gioachino Rossini unveiled in Santa Croce, Florence, Italy

  • 1906 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Helen Homans beats Maud Barger-Wallach 6-4, 6-3 for her lone major singles title
  • 1908 The USA suspends diplomatic relationships with Venezuela after the refusal of Cipriano Castro's government to compensate Americans for injuries suffered in the uprising of 1899
  • 1908 Shah Mohammed Ali leads a successful counter-revolution in Persia, aided by the Russian legation and a Cossack brigade
  • 1909 Confessional parties win Dutch parliamentary elections
  • 1915 Yanks get record 16 walks & 3 wild pitches beat A's Bruno Hass, 15-0
  • 1915 Italians launch the first of what will become 11 battles to dislodge the Austrians from the Isonzo River, which keeps the Italians from Trieste
  • 1917 Ammunition factory in Boleweg Bohemia explodes, killing 1,000
  • 1917 Ernie Shore enters game after Boston Red Sox pitcher Babe Ruth is ejected for throwing punch at umpire; retires all 26 batters he faces to win 4-0 vs Washington Senators; ruled combined no-hitter
  • 1917 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Two-time defending champion Molla Bjurstedt beats Marion Vanderhoef 4-6, 6-0, 6-2

Historic Event

1919 Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) incorporates

  • 1919 Nitti government forms in Italy

British Golf Open

1922 British Open Men's Golf, Royal St George's GC: Walter Hagen becomes first American-born winner of the Open Championship, 1 stroke ahead of runners-up Jim Barnes and George Duncan

  • 1924 8 month Twenste textile strike ends
  • 1925 British warship fires on Hong Kong harbor strikers
  • 1925 Landslides create 3-mile long "Slide Lake" (Gros Ventre Wyoming)

Historic Event

1926 8th French government of Aristide Briand forms

  • 1926 The College Board administers the first SAT exam in USA

Baseball Record

1927 New York future Baseball Hall of Fame first baseman Lou Gehrig hits 3 HRs in Yankees' 11-4 victory over Boston Red Sox at Fenway Park

  • 1928 Commencement of West Indies cricket's first ever Test match; England go on to win by an innings and 58 runs at Lord's

Historic Event

1931 Wiley Post and Harold Catty take off for a flight around the world

  • 1932 St Louis Browns beat NY Yankees, 14-10; Lou Gehrig's 1,103rd consecutive game in a Yankees uniform, equaling Joe Sewell's record with one team (Cleveland Indians)
  • 1933 Don McNeill's Pepper Pot (Breakfast Club) begins 35½ year run on NBC
  • 1938 Civil Aeronautics Authority (US) established
  • 1938 Marineland opens in Florida-1st aquarium
  • 1938 NYC Mayor LaGuardia assigns 21 cops to patrol subway

Sports History

1939 Bronko Nagurski beats Lou Thesz in Houston, to win National Wrestling Association world heavyweight title

  • 1939 France turns over Sanjak of Alexandretta (Hatay) to Turkey
  • 1939 US Congress establishes US Coast Guard Reserve (renamed US Coast Guard Auxiliary 1941) as uniformed volunteer units supporting the Coast Guard
  • 1940 Marcel Louette seeks opposition group "White Brigade" on Antwerp
  • 1940 RAF bombs Schiphol, Netherlands

Historic Event

1940 After conquering France, Adolf Hitler visits Paris and views the Eiffel Tower and the grave of Napoleon Bonaparte

  • 1941 Germany occupies Telz, Lithuania
  • 1942 World War II: Germany's latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190 is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales
  • 1943 Dutch artsens protest against Nazis

Historic Event

1943 RAF discovers Wernher von Braun's V1/V2-base in Peenemunde

  • 1944 4 tornadoes strike Appalachia, killing 153
  • 1944 Soviet offensive in central front sector

Historic Event

1944 Thomas Mann becomes a US citizen

Sports History

1945 77th Belmont Stakes: Eddie Arcaro aboard Pavot wins in 2:30.2

  • 1945 Last organized Japanese defiance broken (Tarakan)
  • 1946 In South Africa, a group of white men attack and assault Indian Passive Resisters
  • 1947 Compton and Bill Edrich make 370 stand for 3rd wkt v South Africa

Historic Event

1947 US President Truman's veto of Taft-Hartley Act overridden by Congress

  • 1949 First twelve women graduate from Harvard Medical School
  • 1949 Dutch Constellation aircraft plunges into the sea near Bari, 33 die
  • 1950 Swiss parliament refuses voting rights for women
  • 1950 New York Yankees (6) & Detroit Tigers (5) hit record 11 HRs at Briggs Stadium; Tigers win, 10-9
  • 1950 Indians' Luke Easter hits longest ball in Cleveland Stadium history, 477 feet, into upper deck, Section 4
  • 1951 Treacherous British diplomats Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean flee to USSR
  • 1951 Most expensive US hailstorm ($1.5M crop damage & $14M property-Kansas)
  • 1952 US airplanes bomb energy centers at Yalu Korea
  • 1954 122°F (50°C), Overton, Nevada (state record until June 29, 1994)

Television Finale

1956 "Jimmy Durante Show" last airs on NBC-TV

  • 1956 "Transfusion" by Nervous Norvous peaks at #8

Election of Interest

1956 Gamal Abdel Nasser elected President of Egypt

  • 1958 Dutch Reformed Church accepts women ministers
  • 1958 US Federal judge rules race separation must end in 2½ years in Little Rock, Arkansas
  • 1958 Foundation Praemium Erasmianum (Erasmus Prize) established
  • 1959 Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany (where he resumed a scientific careerhistory of ultrasounds
  • 1959 A fire in a resort hotel in Stalheim, Norway kills 34 people
  • 1960 "The Pat Boone-Chevy Showroom" last airs on ABC-TV
  • 1960 Japan signs security treaty with the US

Historic Event

1960 1st contraceptive pill is made available for purchase in the U.S.

  • 1961 The Antarctic Treaty, ensuring that Antarctica is used for peaceful purposes; for international cooperation in scientific research; and does not become the scene or object of international discord, comes into force

Sports History

1961 Cubs Ernie Banks ends his 717 consecutive-games-played streak

  • 1961 Philadelphia Phillies overcome 9 run deficit; trailing 11-2 after 7 innings, score 4 in 8th and 6 in 9th to beat Pirates, 12-11 at Forbes Field, Pittsburgh
  • 1961 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to an altitude of 32,830 m
  • 1961 11th Berlin International Film Festival: "The Night" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1962 Styne, Comden and Green's musical "Subways Are For Sleeping" closes at St James Theater, NYC, after 205 performances
  • 1962 Suvanna Phuma forms government in Laos

US Golf Open

1963 US Open Men's Golf, The Country Club: Julius Boros wins his second Open title in an 18-hole playoff with Arnold Palmer and Jacky Cupit

  • 1963 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Maple Bluff CC: Mickey Wright defends title by 9 shots from Kathy Whitworth for her 10th major championship
  • 1963 NY Mets Jimmy Piersall hits his 100th HR, he circles bases backwards

Historic Event

1963 US President John F. Kennedy tours Western Europe

  • 1963 The Detroit March to Freedom occurs with 125,000 people participating, the largest civil rights demonstration in America up to that point
  • 1964 General Maxwell Taylor appointed US ambassador in South Vietnam
  • 1967 Jim Ryun sets mile record (3:51.1, Bakersfield CA)

Summit of Interest

1967 US President Lyndon B. Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin hold 1st of 2 summit meetings in Glassboro, New Jersey (about halfway between NYC and Washington, DC) [1]

  • 1967 US Senate censures Thomas J Dodd from Connecticut (D). for misusing campaign funds
  • 1967 17th Berlin International Film Festival: "The Departure" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1968 74 are killed and 150 injured in a football stampede towards a closed exit in a Buenos Aires stadium
  • 1969 French government of Couve de Murville resigns

Boxing Title Fight

1969 Joe Frazier TKOs Jerry Quarry in 8 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1969 Warren E. Burger sworn in as US Supreme Court Chief Justice
  • 1969 24 Africans from the Graaff-Reinet district, Cape Province, appear in the Grahamstown Supreme Court on charges under the Sabotage Act; alleged they had conspired or incited others to kill White people or police
  • 1970 "Red Skelton Show" last airs on CBS-TV, moved to NBC-TV

Historic Event

1970 Charles Rangel defeats Adam Clayton Powell Jr. in Democratic primary in New York

Music History

1970 Rocker and singer Chubby Checker arrested for marijuana possession

  • 1971 MLB Philadelphia Phillies Rick Wise no-hits Reds, and hits 2 HR's and 3 RBI in 4-0 win at Cincinnati
  • 1971 WTVP TV channel 47 in Peoria, IL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1972 Hurricane Agnes becomes America's costliest natural disaster, affecting 15 states, with 119 deaths and $3 billion in damage

Agreement of Interest

1972 US President Nixon & his Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman agree to use CIA to cover up Watergate

  • 1972 US President Nixon signs act barring sex discrimination in college sports
  • 1972 Bernice Gera becomes first female umpire in US pro baseball, Geneva Senators and Auburn Twins in Geneva, New York
  • 1972 45 countries leave the Sterling Area, allowing their currencies to fluctuate independently of the British Pound
  • 1972 22nd Berlin International Film Festival: "The Canterbury Tales" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1973 "Cyrano" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 49 performances
  • 1973 "Sugar" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 506 performances
  • 1973 Phillies Ken Brett 4th consecutive game HR in which he pitched
  • 1973 World Court condemns French nuclear tests in the Pacific
  • 1974 1st extraterrestrial message sent from Earth into space
  • 1974 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Pleasant Valley CC: 1965 champion Sandra Haynie wins by 2 shots from JoAnn Carner
  • 1975 US Open Men's Golf, Medinah CC: Lou Graham defeats John Mahaffey by 2 strokes in an 18-hole Monday playoff to win his only major championship

Music History

1975 Rocker Alice Cooper falls off stage in Vancouver, breaks 6 ribs

  • 1976 CCN Tower in Toronto, tallest free-standing structure (555 m) opens
  • 1976 The U.S. vetoes Angola’s application for membership of the United Nations Security
  • 1977 Violence erupts in Soweto, South Africa, again and the police make at least 146 arrests
  • 1979 Charlie Daniels Band releases "The Devil Went Down to Georgia"
  • 1979 "My Sharona" single released by The Knack
  • 1979 West Indies beat England by 92 runs to win Cricket World Cup
  • 1979 Supertramp's "Breakfast in America" becomes No. 1 album in the US featuring "Take the Long Way Home"
  • 1979 Cricket World Cup, Lord's, London: Man of the match Vivian Richards scores 138 no as defending champions the West Indies beat England by 92 runs; Joel Garner 5/38

Television Debut

1980 "David Letterman Show" debuts on NBC-TV daytime

  • 1980 1st solar-powered coast-to-coast two-way radio conversation
  • 1980 West German wins European soccer title (2-1 against Belgium)

Historic Event

1980 South African Prime Minister P. W. Botha warns the country that confrontation will be inevitable if his proposed President's Council fails

  • 1981 "This Was Burlesque" opens at Princess Theater NYC for 28 performances
  • 1981 Longest game in Professional Baseball: Pawtucket Red Sox finally beat Rochester Red Wings 3-2 in 33 innings (game began 18th April)
  • 1981 Amanda Maccaro becomes 1st American to win Russian Ballet Competition
  • 1981 French government of Mauroy forms, with 4 communists
  • 1981 NYC Mayor Koch turns down a $7,500 offer to perform comedy
  • 1982 "Cleavage" opens and closes at Playhouse Theater NYC
  • 1982 -117°F; All time low at South Pole
  • 1982 Himmy, of Australia, weighs in at domestic cat record 20.7 kg (45 lb)
  • 1982 US pass the Intelligence Identities Protection Act (Public Law 97-200)
  • 1982 Mary Hart joins Entertainment Tonight
  • 1983 Syria throws out PLO leader Arafat
  • 1983 US Supreme Court ruled Congress could not veto presidential decisions

Meeting of Interest

1983 Solidarity leader Lech Wałęsa meets Pope John Paul II during papal visit to Poland

  • 1985 Bomb destroys Air India Boeing 747 in air near Ireland, 329 die
  • 1985 Laffit Pincay Jr.becomes 2nd jockey to win $100 million
  • 1985 Senior Tournament Players Championship Men's Golf, Canterbury GC: Defending champion Arnold Palmer wins his final major by 11 shots from Miller Barber, Lee Elder, Gene Littler & Charles Owens
  • 1986 Pedro Morales swims world record 100m butterfly (52.84)

Historic Event

1986 Tip O'Neill refuses to let President Reagan address House

  • 1988 Charlotte Hornets & Miami Heat begin their NBA expansion draft

Sports History

1988 Yanks manager Billy Martin's 5th term ends, Lou Pinella named manager

  • 1990 A rally to save Alien Nation from cancellation held at Statue of Liberty
  • 1990 Moldavia declares independence

Music History

1990 Police find marijuana at Chuck Berry's home

Appointment of Interest

1990 TV Guide selects Arsenio Hall as TV personality of year

  • 1990 Zimbabwe beat the Netherlands by 6 wickets to win ICC Trophy

Historic Event

1990 African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela, on a US tour, receives a tumultuous welcome in Boston

  • 1991 "Odd Couple" opens & closes at Belasco Theater NYC

Music Recording

1991 "Weird Al" Yankovic records "Babalu Music"

  • 1991 Mazda becomes 1st Japanese car to capture Le Mans 24 hour race
  • 1991 A peace summit, brokered by the clergy and business and attended by all major political parties, but boycotted by the Conservative Party, is held to end the violence in South Africa
  • 1992 "Tin Bigha Day" protest in India of corridor opening to Bangladesh

Daytime Emmy Awards

1992 Emmy 19th Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 13th time

Election of Interest

1992 Yitzhak Rabin wins Israeli parliamentary election

  • 1993 Lorena Gallo Bobbitt amputates husband's John Wayne Bobbitt's penis
  • 1993 United Nations authorizes worldwide oil embargo against Haiti

Election of Interest

1993 Nigeria's military dictator, General Ibrahim Babangida, annuls results of presidential elections and halts a return to democracy

  • 1994 South Africa reclaims its seat in United Nations
  • 1994 Replay shows Oakland Athletics's Bobby Witt beat Kansas City's Greg Gagne to 1st in 6th but umpire Gary Cedarstrom calls him safe, ruining Witt's perfect game
  • 1994 Opération Turquoise: 2,500 French troops head into Rwanda to protect civilians under the mandate of the United Nations
  • 1994 Moshood Abiola is accused of treason and arrested after declaring himself president of Nigeria

Glastonbury Festival

1995 Glastonbury Festival in Pilton, England opens: Oasis, Pulp, and The Cure headline; other performers include Sinéad O'Connor, Tanita Tikaram, Simple Minds, War, Indigo Girls, and Jeff Buckley

  • 1996 "Tartuffe: Born Again" closes at Circle in Sq NYC after 29 performances
  • 1996 Nintendo 64 goes on sale in Japan