On This Day

Historical Events on June 24

  • 451 10th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 843 Vikings destroy Nantes
  • 972 Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces; Mieszko I of Poland decisively defeated Odo I of Lusatia
  • 1128 Afonso I of Portugal defeats army of his mother Theresa
  • 1298 Rindfleisch Persecutions - Jews of Ifhauben, Austria massacred
  • 1314 Battle of Bannockburn; Scotland regains independence from England
  • 1322 Jews are expelled from France for 3rd time
  • 1340 English fleet destroys the French at the battle of Sluys (the Hundred Years' War)

The Fatal Dance Manias of Medieval Europe

1374 Sudden outbreak of St. John's Dance causes people in the streets of Aachen, Germany, to experience hallucinations and begin to jump and twitch uncontrollably until they collapse from exhaustion

  • 1396 Crusaders under Earl of Nevers reach Vienna
  • 1397 Sultan Bajezid I releases captured crusaders for ransom
  • 1441 Eton College founded in England by Henry VI

Historic Event

1472 Byzantine princess Sophia Palaiologina departs Rome with a large entourage for Moscow to marry Ivan III

Royal Coronation

1488 James IV is crowned King of Scotland at Scone Abbey in Scone, aged 15

Historic Event

1497 John Cabot claims parts of North America (what is now Eastern Canada) for England believing he has found Asia in Newfoundland

  • 1497 Cornish traitors Michael An Gof and Thomas Flamank are executed at Tyburn, London

Royal Coronation

1509 Henry VIII is crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey, London

  • 1522 Portuguese begin construction of Fort Kastela on the island of Ternate in the Maluku Islands after being encouraged to so by Sultan Bayanullah of Ternate

Historic Event

1527 Paracelsus publicly burns standard medical textbooks in Basle as a protest against the current teaching and practice of medicine

  • 1527 Gustaaf I begins Reformation in Sweden, taking Catholic possessions
  • 1529 Zürich and Catholic cantons sign Peace of Kappel
  • 1535 Anabaptist commune of Münster captured and its leaders tortured and killed

Historic Event

1540 English King Henry VIII commands his 4th wife, Anne of Cleves, to leave the court

Execution

1572 Five clergymen of Dutch city Enkhuizen are hanged during the Dutch Rebellion against Philip II of Spain

  • 1597 Cornelis de Houtman's Dutch fleet reaches Bantam, West Java
  • 1619 Tsar Michail's father Filaret becomes patriarch of Moscow
  • 1648 Cossacks slaughter 2,000 Jews and 600 Polish Catholics in Ukraine
  • 1658 French fleet recaptures Duinkerk
  • 1662 Dutch invasion of Macau repulsed (Macau Day)
  • 1664 Colony of New Jersey founded when Duke of York grants Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret ownership of land between the Hudson and Delaware Rivers

Historic Event

1690 King William III's army lands at Carrickfergus, Ireland [OS=June 14]

  • 1692 Kingston, Jamaica, founded
  • 1717 1st Free Masons' grand lodge founded in London

Appointment of Interest

1731 Freemason and Mayor of Philadelphia William Allen is appointed Provincial Grand Master of Pennsylvania, the first and youngest Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania

Historic Event

1748 The Kingswood School is opened by John Wesley and his brother Charles Wesley in Bristol. The school later moved to Bath

  • 1778 David Rittenhouse observes a total solar eclipse in Philadelphia
  • 1793 1st republican constitution in France adopted
  • 1794 Bowdoin College is founded in Maine, USA
  • 1795 US and Great Britain sign Jay Treaty, 1st US extradition treaty
  • 1806 British under Commodore Popham and Colonel Beresford reach Buenos Aires

Historic Event

1812 Napoleon Bonaparte's Grand Armée numbering half a million begin their invasion of Russia by crossing the Nieman River

  • 1813 Battle of Beaver Dams - British and native forces defeat US forces (War of 1812)
  • 1821 Battle of Carabobo; Bolívar defeats royalists outside Caracas
  • 1841 Fordham University (then St John's College), opens in the Bronx
  • 1843 Vincenzo Soliva decrees no Jew can live outside a ghetto in Italy
  • 1846 Residency tax on Jews of Hungary abolished

Historic Event

1853 US President Franklin Pierce signs the Gadsden Purchase, buying 29,670 square-miles (76,800 square km) from Mexico for $10 million (now southern Arizona and New Mexico)

Victory in Battle

1859 Battle of Solferino, Northern Italy: a French Army under Napoleon III and a Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II overcomes the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I

  • 1861 Battle of Mathias Point, Virginia Union forces attack Confederate batteries
  • 1861 Tennessee becomes 11th (& last) state to secede from Union
  • 1863 Planning an invasion of Pennsylvania, Lee's army crosses Potomac
  • 1866 Second Battle at Custozza: the Austrian Imperial army, joined by the Venetian Army decisively defeated the Italian army, despite the Italians' strong numerical advantage
  • 1880 First performance of "O Canada," the song that would become the national anthem of Canada, at the Congrès national des Canadiens-Français
  • 1881 200 drown as train runs off bridge near Cuautla, Mexico
  • 1882 National League expels umpire Richard Higham from baseball for dishonesty after his links with gambling on games are confirmed
  • 1884 John Lynch is 1st black elected chairman of Republican convention
  • 1885 British government of Salisbury forms
  • 1885 Samuel David Ferguson becomes 1st US black bishop
  • 1894 Marie François Sadi Carnot is assassinated in Lyon by Italian anarchist Sante Geronimo Caserio
  • 1897 Hail injures 26 in Topeka, Kansas
  • 1898 American troops drive Spanish forces from La Guasimas, Cuba
  • 1899 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Marion Jones beats Maud Banks 6-1, 6-1, 7-5 for her first of 2 US singles titles
  • 1900 Dutch Social-Democratic Workers' party & Socialistenbond merge

Historic Event

1901 1st exhibition by Pablo Picasso aged 19, opens in Paris

  • 1901 Jewish National Fund starts

Royal Coronation

1902 British King Edward VII develops appendicitis, delaying his coronation

Historic Event

1902 Target Corporation is founded by American businessman George Dayton as Goodfellow Dry Goods in Minneapolis

  • 1903 Russia prohibits meetings dealing with Zionism
  • 1905 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Elisabeth Moore wins her 4th US singles title; beats Helen Homans 6-4, 5-7, 6-1

Sports History

1910 50th British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: James Braid wins Championship for a 5th time, 4 strokes ahead of fellow Scot Sandy Herd (1902 champion)

  • 1911 French couturier Paul Poiret holds his infamous 'The 1002nd Night' costume ball to launch his “Parfums de Rosine", 1st signature scent linked to a design house
  • 1913 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Liverpool GC: Englishman J H Taylor wins Championship for a 5th and final time, 8 strokes ahead of defending champion Ted Ray
  • 1914 King Peter I of Serbia names son Alexander the Prince-regent

Contract of Interest

1916 Mary Pickford becomes the first female film star to get a million dollar contract

  • 1917 Russian Black Sea fleet mutinies at Sebastopol
  • 1920 Chuvash Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR
  • 1922 American Professional Football Association renamed the National Football League

Sports History

1922 Charter NFL club Chicago Staleys renamed Chicago Bears by team founder, owner and head coach George Halas

Historic Event

1922 Adolf Hitler begins a month long prison sentence for paramilitary operations; he rails against the 'Jewish sell-out' of Germany to the Bolsheviks

Historic Event

1923 Pope Pius XI speaks against allies occupying Ruhrgebied

US Golf Open

1928 US Open Men's Golf, Olympia Fields CC: Johnny Farrell defeats amateur Bobby Jones by 1 stroke in a 36-hole playoff to win his only major title

  • 1928 With declining business, the Great Gorge and International Railway begins using one-person crews on trolley operations in Canada
  • 1930 1st detection of an airplane using reflected radio waves, a precursor to radar, by US Naval Research Laboratory engineers in Anacostia, Washington, D.C.
  • 1930 Ground is broken for construction of Cleveland Stadium, home of MLB Indians, 1932 to 1993, and NFL Browns, 1946-95
  • 1931 USSR & Afghanistan sign neutrality treaty
  • 1932 Coup ends absolute monarchy in Thailand

Baseball Record

1936 Rookie outfielder Joe DiMaggio ties 3 MLB records in New York's 10-run 5th inning against the White Sox, hitting 2 home runs for 8 total bases; Yankees beat Chicago, 18-4

  • 1936 Mary McLeod Bethune named director of Negro Affairs in National Youth Adm
  • 1938 500 ton meteorite lands near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1939 Pan Am's 1st US to England flight
  • 1940 France signs an armistice with Italy during WW II
  • 1941 Entire Jewish male population of Gorzhdy, Lithuania, exterminated
  • 1941 Germans advance into Russia and take Vilna, Brest-Litovsk and Kaunas
  • 1942 US Admiral Ernest King orders Tulagi (Solomon Island) reconquered
  • 1942 German Africa Korps invades Egypt

Execution

1942 Village of Ležáky, Czechoslovakia destroyed by Nazis after Gestapo finds a radio transmitter believed to have been involved coordinating the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, 33 adults were executed by firing squad on site, and children were sent to concentration camp gas chambers, and the village was burned down and plowed under

  • 1945 Schermerhorn government forms in the Netherlands
  • 1945 The Moscow Victory Parade takes place
  • 1946 11.72" (29.77 cm) of rainfall at Mellen, Wisconsin (state 24-hr record)
  • 1946 Georges Bidault elected premier of France
  • 1947 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Plum Hollow CC: Jim Ferrier becomes first Australian to win a major title; beats Chick Herbert, 2 & 1
  • 1947 Flying saucers sighted over Mount Rainier by pilot Ken Arnold

Sports History

1947 Future Baseball Hall of Fame infielder Jackie Robinson steals home for first of 19 times in his career as the Brooklyn Dodgers beat Pittsburgh Pirates, 4-2

Presidential Convention

1948 Republican National Convention in Philadelphia nominates Governor of NY Thomas E. Dewey

The Berlin Candy Bombers

1948 Soviet Union begins the West Berlin Blockade by stopping access by road, rail and water

  • 1949 "Hopalong Cassidy" becomes 1st network western (NBC)
  • 1949 A. M. de Jong's murderer, Ton van Gog, arrested in Scheveningen, Netherlands
  • 1949 Cargo airlines 1st licensed by US Civil Aeronautics Board

Sports History

1950 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Cherry Hills CC: Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins her 4th Western Open; beats Peggy Kirk, 5 & 3

  • 1950 French government led by prime Minister Georges Bidault resigns
  • 1950 NY Giant Wes Westrum hits 3 HRs & a triple
  • 1951 Persian army takes over nationalized oil installations
  • 1953 KSWS (now KOBR) TV channel 8 in Roswell, NM (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 "John Murray Anderson's Almanac" closes at Imperial NYC after 229 performances

Baseball Event

1955 Harmon Killebrew hits his 1st HR (off Billy Hoeff)

  • 1955 5th Berlin International Film Festival: "The Rats" wins Golden Bear (audience vote)
  • 1956 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Forest Lake CC: Marlene Hagge wins her only major title; beats Patty Berg by 2 strokes in a sudden-death playoff
  • 1956 WISC TV channel 3 in Madison, WI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1957 The U.S. Supreme Court rules that obscenity is not protected by the First Amendment in Roth v. United States

Album Release

1958 Nina Simone releases her debut jazz album "Little Girl Blue"

  • 1960 Geoff Griffin takes a hat-trick South Africa v England Lord's

Historic Event

1960 Patrice Lumumba as head of the MNC party forms a government in the Congo to become independent Congo's first Prime Minister

  • 1960 10th Berlin International Film Festival: "El Lazarillo de Tormes" wins Golden Bear
  • 1961 "Happiest Girl in the World" closes at Martin Beck NYC after 97 performances

Music Recording

1961 Tony Sheridan, backed by the Beatles, records "If You Love Me Baby" (aka "Take Out Some Insurance On Me, Baby") in Hamburg, Germany

  • 1961 Iraq demands dominion over Kuwait
  • 1962 Outfielder Jack Reed hits his only MLB home run in the 22nd-inning as NY Yankees edge Detroit Tigers, 9-7 in slowest extra-inning game in league history; 7:00 hours
  • 1963 1st demonstration of home video recorder, at BBC Studios, London
  • 1963 Levi Eshkol forms 11th Israeli government
  • 1963 Zanzibar granted internal self-government by Britain
  • 1964 FTC rules health warnings must appear on all cigarette packages
  • 1964 In South Africa, the 90-Days Act commences, providing for any person to be detained, without trial, for 90 days; further, the person could be re-arrested under the same law for another 90 days
  • 1966 Period of relative peace following WW II exceeds that following WW I
  • 1966 16th Berlin International Film Festival: "Cul-de-Sac" wins the Golden Bear

Catholic Encyclical

1967 Pope Paul VI publishes encyclical Sacerdotalis coelibatus

  • 1967 Zaire adopts constitution

LPGA Championship

1968 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Pleasant Valley CC: Canadian Sandra Post wins an 18-hole playoff against Kathy Whitworth by 7 strokes

  • 1968 Australia all out for 78 v England at Lord's
  • 1968 Deadline for redeeming silver certificate dollars for silver bullion
  • 1968 Jim Northrup hits 2 grand-slammers to help Tigers beat Cleve 14-3

Boxing Title Fight

1968 Joe Frazier stops Mexican challenger Manuel Ramos in 2nd round TKO at NYC's Madison Square Garden in his first heavyweight boxing title defence

  • 1968 Resurrection City in Washington, D.C. closed permanently
  • 1970 "Catch 22" opens in movie theaters
  • 1970 Bobby Murcer ties record of 4 consecutive HRs
  • 1970 Reds play final game at Cincinnati's Crosley Field, beat Giants 5-4
  • 1970 US Senate votes overwhelmingly to repeal Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
  • 1972 "Troglodyte (Cave Man)" by Jimmy Castor Bunch peaks at #6
  • 1972 Wake Island becomes unincorporated territory of US (US Air Force)
  • 1972 Yvonne Brathwaite Burke becomes 1st black chair of a Democratic convention
  • 1972 South African runner Danie Malan sets a new 1,000m world record 2:16.0 in Munich, Germany
  • 1972 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) kill 3 British Army soldiers in a land mine attack near Dungiven, County Derry
  • 1973 Marlene Raymond (15), limboes under a flaming bar at 6 1/8"
  • 1974 India is dismissed for 42 in 17 overs in 2nd Test defeat to England at Lord's; lowest total in country's Test cricket history; Chris Old 5-21, Geoff Arnold 4-19
  • 1974 Kansas City pitcher Steve Busby retires first 9 White Sox to set AL record with 33 consecutive batsmen retired; Royals still lose, 3-1 to Chicago
  • 1975 Eastern 727 crashes at JFK Airport NY, kills 113
  • 1975 Moon tremor perceived (hit by Taurid meteors)
  • 1976 1975 movie "The Rocky Horror Picture Show" released in Germany
  • 1976 A Principal's office in Hlengisi Primary, Nyanga, outside Cape Town, South Africa, is burnt down; part of the broader resistance against the oppressive new Bantu Education policy of Afrikaans as a teaching medium in their schools

Historic Event

1977 IRS reveals Jimmy Carter paid no taxes in 1976

  • 1977 Josiah Mutabuzi Isaya Kibira is the first African to be elected president of the Lutheran World Federation (LWF)
  • 1977 27th Berlin International Film Festival: "The Ascent" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1977 Crystal Gayle releases best-selling album "We Must Believe in Magic" featuring worldwide hit "Don't It Make My Brown Eyes Blue" (1st platinum album by a female country music artist)

Baseball Record

1979 Rickey Henderson debuts for Oakland & steals his 1st base

  • 1980 Affirmed wins $500,000 Hollywood Cup, 1st horse to win $2 million

Film Premiere

1981 "For Your Eyes Only", 12th James Bond, starring Roger Moore and 1st drected by John Glen premieres in London

Historic Event

1982 Equal Rights Amendment goes down to defeat

  • 1982 1st spacionaut Jean-Loup Chrétien and 2 Soviet cosmonauts, lift off aboard Soyuz T-16
  • 1982 Soyuz T-6 Launch (USSR)
  • 1982 US Supreme Court rules president can't be sued for actions in office
  • 1983 7th NASA Space Shuttle Mission: Challenger 2 lands at Edwards AFB
  • 1983 Don Sutton becomes 8th pitcher to strikeout 3,000 batters

Baseball Record

1984 Joe Morgan sets career HR mark for 2nd basemen with #265

Sports History

1984 Senior Tournament Players Championship Men's Golf, Canterbury GC: Arnold Palmer wins 2nd straight Champions Tour major by 3 strokes ahead of Peter Thomson of Australia

  • 1985 18th NASA Space Shuttle Mission (51-G): Discovery 5 returns to Earth
  • 1985 Challenger moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) for mating of STS 51-F
  • 1986 Guy Hunt elected 1st Republican governor of Alabama in 112 years
  • 1986 US Senate approves "tax reform"

Meeting of Interest

1986 In Britain, Foreign Office Minister Lynda Chalker, meets Oliver Tambo, president of the African National Congress to discuss means of ending Apartheid without violence

  • 1987 CFL's Montreal Alouettes fold
  • 1987 Salt Lake City Trappers begin pro baseball record 29 consecutive win streak
  • 1988 Cleveland pitcher Doug Jones sets record of 14 consecutive saves
  • 1988 Red Sox begin AL record 23rd consecutive home win streak
  • 1989 Cards Vince Coleman steals record 39th & 40th consecutive bases

Appointment of Interest

1989 Jiang Zemin appointed the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China

  • 1991 NHL adopts instant-replay and tenth of second clock in final minute

Music History

1992 Billy Joel gets an honorary diploma from Hicksville High School (Nassau, Long Island, New York) at 43

  • 1992 Commissioner Fay Vincent permanently bans Steve Howe from baseball
  • 1992 Eddie Antar, CEO (Crazy Eddies), $74 m stock fraud caught in Israel

Murder of Interest

1992 Mafia boss John Gotti begins life sentence in jail for murder and other crimes

Sports History

1992 NBA Draft: LSU center Shaquille O'Neal first pick by Orlando Magic

  • 1993 Arab terrorist group planning bombing of Holland and Lincoln Tunnels caught
  • 1993 Yale computer science professor Dr. David Gelernter loses the sight in one eye, the hearing in one ear, and part of his right hand after receiving a mailbomb from the Unabomber
  • 1994 1st French "all news" TV (LCI) begins broadcasting

Glastonbury Festival

1994 Glastonbury Festival in Pilton, England opens: Levellers, Elvis Costello, and Peter Gabriel headline; other performers include Spin Doctors, Johnny Cash, Meshell Ndegeocello, Dwight Yoakam, Lucky Dube, Oasis, and Iris Dement

  • 1995 Stanley Cup Final, Meadowlands Arena, East Rutherford, NJ: New Jersey Devils beat Detroit Red Wings, 5-2 for a 4-0 series sweep; Devils' first Stanley Cup finals appearance
  • 1995 3rd Rugby World Cup, Ellis Park, Johannesburg: Springboks fly-half Joel Stransky lands the winning drop goal in extra time as South Africa beats New Zealand, 15-12
  • 1995 Wrapped Reichstag art installation completed by artists Christo and Jeanne Claude; German parliament building completely wrapped by polypropylene fabric [1]
  • 1997 Melissa Drexler, 18, charged with killing her baby during her prom