On This Day

Historical Events on June 25

  • 253 St Lucius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 524 Battle of Vézeronce, the Franks defeat the Burgundians
  • 841 Battle at Fontenay: Louis & Charles beat their brother Lotharius I
  • 1080 Wibbert of Ravenna chosen as anti-pope Clemens III
  • 1096 1st Crusade slaughter Jews of Werelinghofen Germany
  • 1139 Battle of Ourique: Afonso I defeats Moors

Historic Event

1183 Peace of Konstanz signed between Hohenstaufen Emperor Frederick Barbarossa and Italian Lombard League

  • 1243 Sinibaldo dei Fieschi elected as Pope Innocentius IV
  • 1298 Rindfleisch Persecutions, 250 Jews killed in Rothenburg, Germany
  • 1483 The House of Lords and Commons declares King Edward V of England as illegitimate based on his parent's alleged bigamous marriage
  • 1500 Pope Alexander VI accept Treaty of Granada
  • 1526 Diet of Speyer convenes, resulting in the Edict of Speyer, which temporarily suspends the 1521 Edict of Worms (a Papal ban on Luther's teachings); allows Lutheranism and other "reforms" to propagate unimpeded throughout Germany

Historic Event

1530 The Augsburg Confession where Germany's Protestant princes force Holy Roman Emperor Charles V to hear their Confession of Faith

  • 1580 Book of Concord, standards of Lutheran Church, 1st published
  • 1607 Mentally ill Emperor Rudolf II signs Treaty of Lieben, giving up Austria, Hungary and Moravia
  • 1621 French government army occupies Fort St Jean d'Angély at La Rochelle
  • 1630 Fork introduced to American dining by Governor Winthrop
  • 1638 Lunar eclipse is 1st astronomical event recorded in the American Colonies
  • 1646 Thomas Fairfax's New Model Army occupies Oxford
  • 1658 Spanish garrison at Dunkirk surrenders to French and English
  • 1672 1st recorded monthly Quaker meeting in US held at Sandwich, Massachusetts
  • 1675 Battle at Rathenow: Brandenburgers beat Sweden

Historic Event

1678 Venetian Elena Cornaro Piscopia is awarded a doctorate of philosophy from the University of Padua, 1st woman to receive a university doctoral degree or PhD

  • 1716 Eugenius of Savoye named land guardian of Austrian Netherlands
  • 1749 General fast because of drought in Massachusetts
  • 1794 French troops occupy Charleroi
  • 1798 US passes Alien Act allowing president to deport dangerous aliens
  • 1821 Carl Maria von Weber's "Konzertstück in f, for Piano and Orchestra" premieres
  • 1834 Pope Gregory XVI's encyclical "Singulari nos" published
  • 1835 1st building constructed at Yerba Buena (now San Francisco)
  • 1862 Battle of Oak Grove, Virginia (Orchard, Henrico, French's Field) (Kings's Schoolhouse) Day 1 of 7 Days
  • 1863 US General George Meade replaces General Hooker to be more aggressive
  • 1864 Horse tramway in The Hague, Netherlands opens
  • 1864 Battle of Petersburg: Union forces begin digging tunnels under Confederate lines
  • 1867 1st barbed wire patented by Lucien B. Smith of Ohio
  • 1868 Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina readmitted to US
  • 1868 US President Andrew Johnson passes a law that government workers would work 8 hr day

Custer's Last Stand

1876 Battle of the Little Bighorn: US 7th Cavalry under Brevet Major General George Armstrong Custer wiped out by Sioux and Cheyenne warriors led by Chiefs Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull in what has become famously known as "Custer's Last Stand"

Presidential Convention

1888 Republican Convention in Chicago nominates Benjamin Harrison

  • 1892 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia Cricket Club: Defending champion Mabel Cahill beats Elisabeth Moore 5-7, 6-3, 6-4, 4-6, 6-2
  • 1894 American Railway Union under Eugene V Debs goes on strike

Meeting of Interest

1894 Boer leader Paul Kruger meets British High Commissioner, Sir Henry Loch, on Pretoria station in South Africa and accompanies him to his hotel to discuss the grievances of the Uitlanders (Foreigners)

  • 1900 Russia mobilizes its army in eastern Siberia preparatory to acting against the Chinese, but also in an attempt to diminish the influence of Japan on the Asian mainland
  • 1900 Dunhuang manuscripts, including the Diamond Sutra, world's oldest surviving dated book, discovered by Daoist monk Wang Yuanlu in the Mogao Caves, China
  • 1903 NY Yanks & Chicago White Sox end deadlocked game at 6-6 in 18
  • 1903 Boston Beaneater Wiley Piatt is only 20th-century pitcher to lose 2 complete games in one day, falling to Pittsburgh 1-0 & 5-3
  • 1904 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: May Sutton beats defending champion Elisabeth Moore 6-1, 6-2 for her first of 3 major titles
  • 1905 Warsaw & Lodz revolt against Russian occupation
  • 1909 US Open Men's Golf, Englewood GC: Englishman George Sargent sets a new Open scoring record to win his only major title, 4 strokes ahead of runner-up Tom McNamara
  • 1910 US Mann Act passed (no women across state lines for immoral purposes)

Music Premiere

1910 Igor Stravinsky's ballet "The Firebird" for the Ballets Russes premieres at the Opéra de Paris, Paris

Sports History

1912 British Open Men's Golf, Muirfield: Ted Ray wins wire-to-wire by 4 shots from defending champion Harry Vardon

  • 1913 Dutch Parliamentary election (confess party looses majority)
  • 1913 American Civil War veterans begin arriving at the Great Reunion of 1913
  • 1916 Russian Tsar Nicolaas II fires minister of Foreign affairs Sasonov
  • 1918 Baku-Turkish communist party forms
  • 1919 1st advanced monoplane airliner flight (Junkers F13)
  • 1919 Revolt of Spartacus in Hamburg
  • 1920 League of Nations places Internationall Court of Justice in Hague
  • 1921 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: former local Jock Hutchison (resident in US) wins his only Open Championship by 9 strokes in a 36-hole playoff over amateur Roger Wethered
  • 1921 Charlie McCartney scores 300 in 205 mins Aust v Notts
  • 1925 Military putsch under General Theodorus Pangulos in Greece

British Golf Open

1926 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Lytham & St Annes GC: American amateur Bobby Jones wins the first of his 3 Claret Jugs, 2 strokes clear of runner-up Al Watrous; 5th victory by an American in 6 years

  • 1927 WVO soccer team forms in Oosterhout
  • 1928 NY Giant Fred Lindstrom ties record of 9 hits in a doubleheader

Historic Event

1929 US President Herbert Hoover authorizes building of Boulder Dam (Hoover Dam)

  • 1932 US Open Men's Golf, Fresh Meadow CC: Reigning British Open champion Gene Sarazen shoots tournament record final round 66 to beat Bobby Cruikshank and Philip Perkins by 3 strokes
  • 1932 Commencement of India's 1st cricket Test v England at Lord's, London (England initially rattled but go on to win)
  • 1934 Hedley Verity takes 15 wickets for England v Australia (7-61 & 8-43)

Sports History

1934 NY Yankee Lou Gehrig hits for the cycle beating White Sox 11-2

  • 1934 NY Yank pitcher John Broaca ties record by striking out 5 times
  • 1934 Previously unknown Winchester Manuscript of Sir Thomas Malory's "Le Morte d'Arthur" (1485) announced discovered in the library of Winchester College, England

Boxing Title Fight

1935 Future world heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis moves to 20-0 with 6th round KO of former champion Primo Carnera of Italy at Yankee Stadium, NYC

  • 1937 Cub Augie Galan becomes 1st player to switch hit HRs in a game

#1 in the Charts

1938 "A Tisket A Tasket" by Ella Fitzgerald with Chick Webb hits #1

  • 1938 US federal minimum wage law guarantees workers 25 cents per hour (rising to 40 cents by 1945) and a maximum 44 hour working week

Historic Event

1941 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs Executive Order 8802, which forbids racial discrimination in the defense industry

  • 1941 -26] Soviet counter attack at Rovno, Ukraine
  • 1941 Fair Employment Practices Commission established
  • 1941 Finland declares war on Soviet Union
  • 1941 Germans invade Dubno Poland, giving permission to Ukrainians to do whatever they want to 12,000 Jews living there
  • 1941 Finland enters WW2 against the USSR following a massive airstrike the previous day

Historic Event

1941 James F. Byrnes is admitted to the US Supreme Court

  • 1942 British RAF stages a 1,000 bomb raid on Bremen, Germany (WWII)

Historic Event

1942 British premier Winston Churchill travels from US to London

Appointment of Interest

1942 Major General Dwight Eisenhower appointed commander of US forces in Europe

  • 1943 Crematorium 3 at Birkenau is finished
  • 1943 Racial unrest in Detroit
  • 1943 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Reichskommissar in the Netherlands, orders mass arrests of Dutch physicians
  • 1944 British assault at Caen, Normandy
  • 1945 Allied landing at Ternate, capital of the Maluku Islands in modern day Indonesia
  • 1945 Imperial General Headquarters in Tokyo announce fall of Okinawa

Historic Publication

1947 1st version of Anne Frank's diary "Het Achterhuis" published in The Netherlands

  • 1947 Heavyweight Joe Louis KOs Tami Mauriello
  • 1948 Joe Louis KOs Jersey Joe Walcott in 11 for heavyweight boxing title

Historic Event

1948 Harry Truman signs Displaced Persons Bill (205,000 Europeans to US)

  • 1949 Presidential election in Syria (some women allowed to vote)
  • 1949 "Long-Haired Hare", animated short starring Bugs Bunny, is released in theaters
  • 1950 Israeli airline El Al begins service
  • 1950 Johnny Pramesa (Reds) and Hank Thompson (Giants) hit inside the park HRs

Television Debut

1951 1st color TV broadcast, CBS' Arthur Godfrey from NYC to 4 cities

  • 1952 "Wish You Were Here" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 597 performances
  • 1952 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Big Spring CC: Jim Turnesa wins 1-up over Chick Harbert in the Wednesday final
  • 1952 Dutch social democratic party wins 2nd-Parliamentary election
  • 1953 1st passenger to fly commercially around the world < 100 hours
  • 1953 86°F in Anchorage, Alaska
  • 1955 "Can Can" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 892 performances
  • 1955 "Imogene Coca Show" last airs on NBC-TV

Historic Event

1955 Notre Dame du Haut chapel designed by Le Corbusier is consecrated in Ronchamp, France

  • 1956 WKNO TV channel 10 in Memphis, Tennessee (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1957 "Jonathan Winters Show" last airs on NBC-TV
  • 1957 2nd Rugby League World Cup: New Zealand beats Great Britain 29-21
  • 1960 Earthquake in NE Belgium
  • 1960 Madagascar gains independence from France
  • 1960 Somaliland is granted independence by British government
  • 1960 South Africa beats New Zealand 13-0 in the first rugby test of the series in Johannesburg
  • 1961 Baltimore and California use a record 16 pitchers in a game (8 each) in 14 inns
  • 1961 Iraq announces that Kuwait is a part of Iraq (Kuwait disagrees)
  • 1962 İnönü government forms in Turkey
  • 1962 Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO) forms
  • 1962 Supreme Court rules NY school prayer unconstitutional
  • 1963 Famous cricket draw at Lord's as England hang on against the Windies

Historic Event

1963 JFK speaks at Pauls Church in Frankfurt

  • 1963 Curnick Ndlovu, South African worker's union leader and African National Congress Leader, is arrested for acts of sabotage
  • 1964 Prince A Taylor becomes first African American methodist bishop (NJ)
  • 1964 WMCA (NYC) plays Beatles' Hard Days Night Album (10 days prior to its scheduled release date), they decide to release it June 26th
  • 1965 Gyula Kallai succeeds Janos Kádár as premier of Hungary
  • 1965 15th Berlin International Film Festival: "Alphaville" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1966 Beatles' "Paperback Writer" single goes #1 & stays #1 for 2 weeks

Music Premiere

1966 Dmitri Shostakovich's 13th Symphony, premieres in Leningrad

  • 1966 Kosmos 122, 1st Soviet weather satellite, launched
  • 1967 KPBS TV channel 15 in San Diego, CA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 First global satellite television program: "Our World" broadcast features 19 acts representing 19 nations including The Beatles singing "All You Need Is Love"
  • 1968 Bobby Bonds hits a grand slam in his 1st major league game (San Francisco Giants)
  • 1969 American Pancho González (41) beats Puerto Rican Charlie Pasarell (25) in 5 hour and 12 minute, 112-game marathon at Wimbledon
  • 1969 19th Berlin International Film Festival: "Early Works" wins the Golden Bear

Music History

1971 Stevie Wonder releases "Where I'm Coming From"

  • 1973 John Dean begins testifying before Senate Watergate Committee

Historic Event

1973 Russian communist party leader Leonid Brezhnev visits France

  • 1973 Udo Beyer of East Germany puts the shot a record 20.47 m
  • 1975 After a prolonged liberation struggle against Portuguese colonial rulers, Mozambique becomes independent as People Republic of Mozambique

Music History

1975 Barry White's "Can't Get Enough of Your Love Babe" is released

  • 1976 Texas Ranger Toby Harrah is only shortstop not to handle a fielding chance in doubleheader
  • 1976 The Soweto Uprising in South Africa leaves 174 blacks and two whites dead following 10 days of rioting

Film Premiere

1976 Supernatural horror film "The Omen" starring Gregory Peck and Lee Remick premieres in the US

Berlin Film Festival

1976 26th Berlin International Film Festival: "Buffalo Bill and the Indians, or Sitting Bull's History Lesson" wins the Golden Bear

  • 1977 Roy C. Sullivan of Virginia is struck by lightning for 7th time!
  • 1977 8th Rugby League World Cup: Australia beats Great Britain 13-12
  • 1978 FIFA World Cup Final, El Monumental, Buenos Aires, Argentina: Striker Mario Kempes scores 2 goals as Argentina beats the Netherlands, 3-1 after extra time
  • 1978 First use of the rainbow flag, symbol of gay pride, made by Gilbert Baker at a march in San Francisco
  • 1979 "Got Tu Go Disco" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 8 performances
  • 1979 Failed attack on NATO commander Alexander Haig Jr. in Obourg, Belgium by German terrorist Rolf Klemens Wagner, a former member of the Red Army Faction
  • 1980 "Fearless Frank" closes at Princess Theater NYC after 12 performances
  • 1981 Supreme Court upholds male-only draft registration as constitutional
  • 1981 Microsoft is restructured to become an incorporated business in its home state of Washington
  • 1982 Porn star John Holmes acquitted on murder charges
  • 1982 San Francisco holds its 1st County Fair
  • 1982 US Secretary of State Alexander Haig Jr. resigns, replaced by George P. Schultz
  • 1982 Greece abolishes headshaving of recruits in the military

Historic Event

1982 South African President P. W. Botha issues a new Proclamation again placing Ingwavuma under government control

Film Release

1982 Science-fiction film "Blade Runner", directed by Ridley Scott, starring Harrison Ford and Rutger Hauer, is released

  • 1983 "Evita" closes at Broadway Theater, NYC, after 1568 performances
  • 1983 Cricket World Cup, Lord's, London: India upsets West Indies by 43 runs to win first title; Mohinder Amarnath 3/12 off 7 overs, Player of the Match
  • 1983 Udo Beyer of East Germany sets record for shot put, 22.22 m
  • 1984 Lydia Garrett, 24, crowned 17th Miss Black America
  • 1984 STS 41-D launch attempt scrubbed because of computer problem

Album Release

1984 Prince releases his "Purple Rain" album

  • 1985 Fireworks factory near Hallett, Oklahoma, explodes killing 21
  • 1985 Thurman v City of Torrington decides in favor of Tracey Thurman, 1st woman to sue a police department for violating her civil rights (not protecting against abusive husband)
  • 1986 Former Belgium premier Vanden Boeynants sentenced for fraud

Sports History

1986 Philadelphia Phillies give Steve Carlton, 41, his unconditional release

  • 1988 "Chess" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 68 performances
  • 1988 104°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in June

Sports History

1988 MLB player Cal Ripken Jr. plays in his 1,000th consecutive game

  • 1988 Expos Pitcher Floyd Youmans suspended for 60 days due to drugs
  • 1988 Kristen Logan, 17, of Mississippi, crowned America's Junior Miss
  • 1988 UEFA European Championship Final, Olympiastadion, Munich, Germany: Ruud Gullet & Marco van Basten score as the Netherlands beats Soviet Union, 2-0
  • 1988 Roger Rabbit Cartoon Character debuts in "Who Framed Roger Rabbit?"
  • 1989 "Day By Day" last airs on NBC-TV
  • 1989 1st US postmark dedicated to Lesbian & Gay Pride (Stonewall, NYC)
  • 1989 Mets' defense does not record a single assist in a 5-1 win over Phils
  • 1990 "Dave Thomas Comedy Show" last airs on CBS-TV
  • 1990 120°F in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1990 NBC decides to air episodes of "Quantum Leap" for 5 straight days
  • 1990 Supreme Court rules family members cannot end lives of comatose relatives unless those relatives previously made their wishes known
  • 1990 Anti-government riots break out in Lusaka, Zambia

Meeting of Interest

1990 African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela meets with President George H. W. Bush at the White House

Sports History

1991 Martina Navratilova wins record 100th singles match at Wimbledon, beating Elna Reinach of South Africa 4-6, 6-2, 6-4 in the 1st round

Historic Event

1991 Slovenia and Croatia declare independence from Yugoslavia

  • 1991 Japan lifts its call for voluntary restraint on expanding trade with South Africa
  • 1991 Six persons are killed and eighteen injured when gunmen open fire on a crowded commuter train in Soweto, South Africa
  • 1992 Stage musical "Les Miserables" opens at Vinohradské divadlo (Vinohrady Theatre), Prague, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic)
  • 1992 Alexanders Department store closes all 11 stores in the US
  • 1992 STS 50 launches (Columbia)
  • 1993 NY Islander goalie Billy Smith elected to NHL Hall of Fame
  • 1993 Parliamentary election in Morocco

Television Finale

1993 "Late Night with David Letterman" airs for the last time on NBC-TV