Historical Events on June 27

  • 678 St Agatho begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 992 Battle of Conquereuil won by the Count of Anjou, Fulk the Black, defeating Conan I, Count of Brittany, in western France
  • 1192 Ladislaus I, Árpád dynasty King (1077-95) venerated as Roman Catholic saint
  • 1358 Republic of Dubrovnik is founded

Historic Event

1542 Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo sets sail from the Mexican port of Navidad to explore the west coast of North America on behalf of the Spanish Empire

  • 1552 Cathedral Church of Charcas established in Charcas, Spanish Empire (later La Plata, now Sucre, Bolivia) [1]
  • 1580 Duke of Alva's army occupies Portugal
  • 1652 New Amsterdam (now New York City) enacts first speed limit law in North America
  • 1693 1st sea battle of Lagos: a French fleet under Anne Hilarion de Tourville defeated an Anglo-Dutch fleet under George Rooke
  • 1697 Polish parliament selects monarch August of Saxony as king

Victory in Battle

1709 Great Northern War: Peter the Great of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava; Charles goes into exile in Bender, Ottoman Empire

Battle of Dettingen

1743 War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen: in Bavaria, King George II of Britain personally leads troops into battle. The last time a British monarch commanded troops in the field.

Historic Event

1746 Flora MacDonald helps Bonnie Prince Charlie, disguised as Betty Burke an Irish maid, evade capture by landing him on the Isle of Skye

  • 1756 French fleet conquer St Philips Castle of Minorca

Historic Siege

1759 British general James Wolfe begins the siege of Quebec.

Liberty Bell

1778 Liberty Bell returns home to Philadelphia after the British departure

French Revolution

1789 French Revolution: King Louis XVI orders the nobility and clergy of the Estates-General to meet with the Third Estate, by then called the National Assembly

  • 1806 Buenos Aires captured by British
  • 1833 Prudence Crandall, a white woman, arrested for conducting an academy for black females at Canterbury, Connecticut
  • 1847 New York & Boston linked by telegraph wires
  • 1857 Bibighar massacre of 120 British women and children following the siege of Cawnpore

Historic Event

1857 James Donnelly becomes engaged in a drunken brawl with Patrick Farrell, who suffers a fatal blow to the head. Farrell dies two days later, which makes James Donnelly a wanted man and draws the Donnelly family into the notorious feud

  • 1862 -28] Battle at Garnett's/Golding's Farms, Virginia
  • 1862 Battle of Gaines's Mill, VA (Cold Harbor, Chickahominy Bluffs) Day 3
  • 1863 Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia
  • 1864 Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia: Colonel Sherman makes unsuccessful frontal attack on Confederate defensive lin

Battle of Interest

1864 US Civil War: Atlanta Campaign - Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia: Union General Sherman makes unsuccessful frontal attack on Confederate defense

  • 1867 Bank of California opens doors
  • 1876 1st NLer to get 6 hits in 9 inn game (Dave Force, Philadelphia Athletics)
  • 1876 Democratic Party elects Samuel Tilden as US presidential candidate
  • 1890 Canadian boxer George Dixon becomes first black world champion when he stops English bantamweight champion Edwin "Nunc" Wallace in 18 rounds in London, England

Historic Event

1890 Cecil Rhodes' colonists attack Motlousi in Matabeleland

  • 1891 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia Cricket Club: Mabel Cahill beats defending champion Ellen Roosevelt 6-4, 6-1, 4-6, 6-3
  • 1893 Great stock crash on NY stock exchange
  • 1894 American Annie Londonderry [Annie Kopchovsky] sets out from Boston to become first woman to bicycle around the world (completes journey September 1895)

Historic Event

1896 Review of Paul Laurence Dunbar's second book, "Majors and Minors" by William Dean Howells in "Harper's Weekly" brings the poet to national attention

Around The World Alone In A Fishing Boat

1898 Canadian-American adventurer Joshua Slocum arrives in Newport, Rhode Island, completing the 1st solo circumnavigation of the globe

  • 1898 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Defending champion R.F. Doherty beats younger brother Laurence Doherty 6-3, 6-3, 2-6, 5-7, 6-1

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

1898 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Charlotte Cooper beats Louisa Martin 6-4, 6-4 for her 3rd Wimbledon singles championship

  • 1899 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Blanche Bingley-Hillyard beats Charlotte Cooper 6-2, 6-3
  • 1902 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Newport, RI: Marion Jones wins her second US singles title; beats Elisabeth Moore 6-1, 1-0 when the defending champion is forced to retire
  • 1903 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Elisabeth Moore beats Marion Jones 7-5, 8-6 for her third of 4 US singles titles
  • 1904 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Laurence Doherty wins 3rd consecutive Wimbledon singles crown; beats Frank Riseley for 2nd straight year 6-1, 7-5, 8-6
  • 1905 Russian sailors mutiny aboard battleship "Potemkin" and sail for Odessa
  • 1906 The IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) established in London with Lord Kelvin as President to standardize electrical units and terms [1]
  • 1908 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Maud Barger-Wallach beats defending champion Evelyn Sears 6-3, 1-6, 6-3 for her lone major title
  • 1909 Etten-Leur 1st airplane flight in Neth (Belgium count De Lambert)
  • 1909 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman outclasses defending champion Maud Barger-Wallach 6-0, 6-1 for first of 3 straight US singles titles

Boxing Title Fight

1914 Defending champion Jack Johnson beats fellow American Frank Moran on points in 20 rounds in Paris, France to retain his lineal heavyweight boxing title

  • 1914 US signs treaty of commerce with Ethiopia
  • 1915 100°F (38°C), Fort Yukon, Alaska (state record)
  • 1915 Dutch SDAP demonstrates against conscription

Historic Event

1917 Venizelos takes over as Prime Minister of Greece and severs relations with Central Powers, bringing Greece onside with the Allies in WWI

  • 1922 Newberry Medal 1st presented for kids literature (Hendrik Van Loon)

British Golf Open

1924 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Liverpool GC: American Walter Hagen wins his 2nd Open Championships, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Ernest Whitcombe

  • 1929 1st color Television demo, performed by Bell Laboratories in NYC

Historic Event

1929 President Paul von Hindenburg refuses to pay German debt of WWI

  • 1931 Ryder Cup Golf, Scioto CC: Walter Hagen captains his 2nd victorious American team; US wins, 9-3
  • 1933 Ryder Cup Golf, Southport & Ainsdale GC: Great Britain wins, 6½-5½; GB's last Cup victory until 1957
  • 1934 Federal Savings & Loan Association created
  • 1935 Danno O'Mahoney beats Jim Londos in Boston, to become wrestling champ
  • 1936 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Liverpool GC: Englishman Alf Padgham wins his only major title, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Jimmy Adams of Scotland
  • 1939 1st night game at Cleveland Municipal Stadium (Indians 5, Tigers 0)

Cricket History

1939 Brilliant West Indies batsman George Headley scores 107 to follow his 106 in the 1st innings in 1st cricket Test v England at Lord's; England still wins by 8 wickets

  • 1939 Brooklyn Dodgers tie Boston Bees, 2-2 in 23 innings; called on account of darkness after 5 hours 15 minutes
  • 1940 Soviet Army attacks Romania

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1940 USSR returns to the Gregorian calendar, using Sunday as a rest day, after 6 years using a Russian six-day calendar

  • 1941 Bialystok Poland falls to Germany
  • 1941 Nazi manifest against the Jews in Amsterdam
  • 1942 FBI captures 8 Nazi saboteurs from a sub off NY's Long Island
  • 1942 PQ-17 convoy leaves Iceland for Archangelsk
  • 1943 Elly Dammers throws Dutch record spear (41,43m)
  • 1943 Fanny Blankers-Koen runs Dutch record 200m (24.5)
  • 1944 Cherbourg, France liberated by Allies
  • 1945 Foundation 1940-45 established
  • 1947 98°F (36.8°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands
  • 1947 WRC TV channel 4 in Washington, D.C. (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1949 "Captain Video & His Video Rangers" debut on DUMONT-TV - Television's first sci-fi series
  • 1950 "Liar" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 12 performances

Historic Event

1950 North Korean troops reach Seoul, UN asks members to aid South Korea, Harry Truman orders US Air Force & Navy into Korean conflict

  • 1950 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Scioto CC: American Chandler Harper wins his only major title; beats Harry Williams Jr., 4 & 3 in the final
  • 1950 South Africa heeds United Nations call to assist Korea
  • 1950 US sends 35 military advisers to South Vietnam
  • 1953 Joseph Laniel appointed French premier
  • 1954 1st atomic power station opens - Obninsk, near Moscow in Russia
  • 1954 CIA-sponsored rebels overthrow elected government of Guatemala
  • 1954 Hungary beats Brazil, 4-2 in the "Battle of Berne" as FIFA World Cup quarter-final descends into an all-out brawl with 3 players sent-off; fighting continues in dressing rooms after final whistle
  • 1955 "Julius LaRosa Show" debuts on CBS-TV
  • 1955 1st automobile seat belt legislation enacted (Illinois)
  • 1956 Indians trailing Orioles 9-1 come back to win 12-11 in 11 innings
  • 1957 Hurricane Audrey, kills 526 in Louisiana & Texas
  • 1957 The British Medical Research Council publishes a report suggesting a direct link between smoking and lung cancer.

Berlin Film Festival

1958 8th Berlin International Film Festival: Ingmar Bergman's "Wild Strawberries" wins Golden Bear

  • 1958 Billy Pierce's perfect game bid broken with 2 outs in 9th
  • 1958 Harry Burrell flies KC-135 record (5:27:42.8) NY to London

Theatrical Finale

1959 "West Side Story" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 734 performances

  • 1959 Players vote Henry Aaron unanimously for the All-Star Game

US Women's Golf Open

1959 US Open Women's Golf, Churchill Valley CC: Mickey Wright successfully defends her Open title by 2 strokes from Louise Suggs

  • 1960 British Somaliland becomes part of Somalia
  • 1960 Chlorophyll "A" synthesized in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1960 Oil pipe line from Rotterdam-Ruhrgebied opens
  • 1961 Ghana imposes a total ban on exports to South Africa and South West Africa
  • 1962 Dutch soccer clubs Rapid JC and Roda Sports merge to form Roda JC Kerkrade; KNVB Cup winners 1996–97, 1999–2000
  • 1962 In South Africa, the General Law Amendment Act (Sabotage Act) No 76 commences, increasing the state president's power to declare organisations unlawful and to add further restrictions to banning orders

Historic Event

1962 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A. Walker takes X-15 to 6,606 kph, 37,700 m

Historic Event

1962 Ross Perot begins Electronic Data Systems

  • 1963 Bill J Kramer & Dakotas record Lennon & McCartney "I Call Your Name"
  • 1963 Phillies Johnny Callison hits for cycle, but Phillie centerfielder Tony Gonzalez's error ends his record 205 consecutive errorless games

Historic Event

1963 US President John F. Kennedy spend his 1st full day in Ireland

  • 1963 USAF Major Robert A Rushworth in X-15 reaches 86,900 m
  • 1964 "Sie Liebt Dich (She Loves You)" by Die Beatles peaks at #97
  • 1966 Dark Shadows, American Gothic soap opera, premieres on ABC-TV
  • 1967 Race riot in Buffalo NY (200 arrested)
  • 1967 The world's first ATM is installed in Enfield, London
  • 1968 Ludvik Vaculik publishes "Manifest of 2000 words" in Prague

Music History

1969 Denver Pop Festival opens; 50,000 attend; Frank Zappa, Creedence Clearwater Revival, and Jimi Hendrix headline; other performers include Three Dog Night, Tim Buckley, Big Mama Thornton, Johnny Winter, Joe Cocker, and Poco

  • 1969 Honduras/El Salvador breaks diplomatic relations due to soccer match

Music History

1970 Festival Express opens in Toronto, Canada - The Grateful Dead, The Band, Janis Joplin, Flying Burrito Bros, Buddy Guy, Great Speckled Bird, and Delaney & Bonnie & Friends cross Canada together by train, for 5 shows in 3 cities

  • 1970 Following the arrest of Bernadette Devlin, intense riots erupt in Derry and Belfast leading to a prolonged gun battle between Irish republicans and loyalists

Theatrical Finale

1971 "You're a Good Man Charlie Brown" closes at the John Golden Theatre, NYC, after 31 performances

  • 1971 Bill Graham's New York rock venue Fillmore East closes down, to be succeeded by Fillmore West in San Francisco
  • 1971 US Open Women's Golf, Kahwa GC: JoAnne Carner wins by 7 strokes from Kathy Whitworth

Film & TV History

1972 Legendary video game and home computer Atari, Inc. founded by Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney in Sunnyvale, California

Film Release

1973 "Live & Let Die", 8th James Bond Film, 1st to star Roger Moore, also starring Jane Seymour, 1st released in the US

  • 1973 John W Dean tells Watergate Committee about Nixon's "enemies list"
  • 1973 Uruguayan president Juan Maria Bordaberry dissolves parliament and heads a coup d'état - beginning of the civic-military dictatorship
  • 1974 American TV variety program "The Flip Wilson Show" last airs on NBC-TV, after 4 seasons, winning 2 Emmy Awards
  • 1974 US President Nixon visits USSR
  • 1975 25th Berlin International Film Festival: "Adoption" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1976 "Pacific Overtures" closes at Winter Garden NYC after 193 performances
  • 1976 Air France A-300B Airbus hijacked from Athens arrives at Entebbe, Uganda; four hijackers, members of Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and Bader-Meinhof Gang in Germany
  • 1976 In South Africa, the National President of the Black People's Convention, Kenneth Hlaku Rachidi, declares that riots in Soweto have lead to a new era of political consciousness
  • 1976 Portuguese general Antonio Eanes elected president
  • 1977 5-4 Supreme Court decision allows lawyers to advertise
  • 1977 Djibouti (Afars & Issas) claims Independence from France

Baseball Record

1977 Willie McCovey smashes 2 HRs in inning for 2nd time (Apr 12, 1973)

  • 1978 Henry Rono of Kenya sets record for 3,000 m, 7:32.1
  • 1978 Soyuz 30 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Polish) to Salyut 6 space station
  • 1978 US Seasat 1, 1st oceanographic satellite, launched into polar orbit

Sports History

1979 Heavyweight Muhammad Ali confirms that his 3rd retirement is final (it isn't)

  • 1979 Supreme Court rules employers may use quotas to help minorities
  • 1980 1st female state police graduates (NJ)
  • 1980 Dodgers' Jerry Reuss no-hits SF Giants 8-0
  • 1980 Italian plane crashes into Tyrrheense Sea, kills 81
  • 1980 US revives draft registration

#1 in the Charts

1981 "Bette Davis Eyes" by Kim Carnes returns to #1 slot

Assassination Attempt

1981 Ali Khamenei narrowly escapes an assassination attempt by the Mujaheddin-e Khalq, when a bomb concealed in a tape recorder, explodes on a desk in front of him

  • 1981 Cambodia adopts its constitution
  • 1981 Pamela Jenks, aged 21, is crowned the 14th Miss Black America
  • 1982 "Dancin'" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 1,774 performances
  • 1982 "Play Me a Country Song" opens & closes at Virginia Theater NYC
  • 1982 4th NASA Space Shuttle Mission: Columbia 4 (STS-4) launches
  • 1983 Highest price paid for painting by a living artist 960,200 pounds - Joan Miro
  • 1983 Maxie Anderson and Don Ida, American balloonists, die during a crash landing in endurance race in Schweinfurt, West Germany
  • 1983 MLB Seattle Mariners bat out of order against Chicago White Sox in 2nd inning
  • 1983 NASA launches space vehicle S-205
  • 1983 Soyuz T-9 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 7 space station

Daytime Emmy Awards

1984 Emmy 11th Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 5th time

  • 1984 Fire destroys a set in "A View to a Kill"
  • 1984 Late Night's 1st Tower Drop
  • 1984 Supreme Court ends NCAA monopoly on college football telecasts

Sports History

1984 UEFA European Championship Final, Parc des Princes, Paris, France: Michel Platini & Bruno Bellone score as France beats Spain, 2-0

  • 1985 First hotel strike in New York City
  • 1985 Route 66 (Chicago to Santa Monica), is decertified
  • 1986 American tennis player Anne White shocks Wimbledon by wearing a white, one-piece, lycra body suit in 1st round match against Pam Shriver; wears regular outfit after rain break

Historic Event

1986 Ibrahim Babangida's regime in Nigeria launches the 'Structural Adjustment Program" to restructure the Nigerian economy via deregulation and privatization with the support of the IMF and the World Bank

  • 1986 In referendum, Irish uphold ban on divorce

Film Release

1986 Jim Henson's fantasy film "Labyrinth" written by Terry Jones, starring David Bowie and Jennifer Connelly is released in the US

  • 1986 Robby Thompson (SF Giants) sets record, caught stealing 4 times in 1 game
  • 1986 South African Journalist and founder of the 'New Nation' newspaper, Zwelakhe Sisulu is abducted; he was released 721 days later on 2 December 1988
  • 1986 US informs NZ it will not defend it against attack
  • 1986 World Court rules US aid to Nicaraguan contras illegal
  • 1987 "The Living Daylights", 15th James Bond film, 1st film to star Timothy Dalton premieres in London
  • 1987 In South Africa, the Afrikaans Protestant Church, a breakaway faction of Dutch Reformed Church, is formed

Boxing Title Fight

1988 Mike Tyson KOs Michael Spink in 91 seconds, in Atlantic City ($67m)

  • 1988 Reds bat out of order against Padres in 1st inning

Contract of Interest

1990 Jose Canseco signs record $4,700,000 per year Oak A's contract

  • 1990 NBA Draft: Syracuse power forward Derrick Coleman first pick by New Jersey Nets

Historic Event

1990 Salman Rushdie, condemned to death by Iran, contributes $8600 to help their earthquake victims

  • 1991 Emmy 18th Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 12th time

Music History

1992 "57 Channels (And Nothin' On)" by Bruce Springsteen peaks at #68

  • 1992 193rd ranked Andrei Olhovskiy of Russia defeats #1 seed Jim Courier 6-4, 4-6, 6-4, 6-4 in the 3rd round at Wimbledon
  • 1992 Dan O'Brien fails on pole vault & eliminated from Olympics decathlon
  • 1992 Daryl Gates retires as LA police chief
  • 1993 "Falsettos" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 487 performances

Music History

1993 Don Henley booed in Milwaukee when he dedicates the song "It's Not Easy Being Green" to President Clinton

  • 1993 NY Met pitcher Anthony Young loses record 24th straight game

Sports History

1993 Senior Players Championship Men's Golf, TPC of Michigan: Jim Colbert wins his lone career major title by 1 stroke from Raymond Floyd

  • 1994 118°F (47.8°C) at Lakewood, New Mexico a state record
  • 1994 Aerosmith become first major band to let fans download a full new track free from the internet
  • 1994 NY Daily News increases prices to 50 cents

Theatrical Finale

1994 Spalding Gray''s one-man show "Gray's Anatomy" closes at Beaumont Theater, NYC, after 8 performances

  • 1995 Former WMMS engineer William Alford is sentenced to 10 days & $1,000 fine for cutting feed during Howard Stern's broadcast from Cleveland
  • 1995 Holland's debut in English domestic comp (v Northants, NatWest)
  • 1995 Mason City Iowa's TV news personality Jodi Huisentruit disappears
  • 1995 Space shuttle STS-71 (Atlantis 14), launches

Glastonbury Festival

1997 Glastonbury Festival in Pilton, England opens: The Prodigy, and Radiohead headline; other performers include Smashing Pumpkins, Ray Davies, Van Morrison, Sting, Beck, Phish, and Nanci Griffith

  • 1998 NHL Draft: Rimouski Oceanic (QMJHL) center Vincent Lecavalier first pick by Tampa Bay Lightning
  • 1998 Opening of the Kuala Lumpur International Airport in Malaysia.