On This Day

Historical Events on June 28

  • 767 St Paul I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1098 Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul.
  • 1119 Battle of Sarmada - Emir Ilghazi defeats French Crusaders
  • 1245 1st Council of Lyons (13th ecumenical council) opens
  • 1389 Ottomans defeat Serbian army in the bloody Battle of Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe
  • 1461 Edward IV crowned king of England
  • 1485 Gent/Brugge/Ieper recognize Maximilian of Austria as regent of Netherlands

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1519 King Carlos I elected Holy Roman Catholic Emperor Charles V

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1524 Duke of Bourbon occupies Province
  • 1575 Spanish troops conquer Buren
  • 1583 Duke Frans de Valois returns to France
  • 1593 Earl Mauritius conquers Geertruidenberg
  • 1629 Peace of Alès: Rights of French huguenots limited
  • 1635 French colony of Guadeloupe established in Caribbean
  • 1651 Battle of Beresteczko between Poles and Ukrainians starts.
  • 1675 Battle at Fehrbellin: Brandenburg army beats Sweden

  • 1748 Riot after public execution in Amsterdam, 200+ killed
  • 1762 1st reported counterfeiting attempt (Boston)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1762 Russian Tsarina Catherine II seizes power, declaring herself sovereign ruler of Russia

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great
  • 1770 Quakers open a school for blacks in Philadelphia

USAUnited States Declaration of Independence

1776 Final draft of Declaration of Independence submitted to Continental Congress
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Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
  • 1776 Charleston, South Carolina repulses British sea attack
  • 1778 Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey (General Washington beats Clinton)
  • 1778 Mary Ludwig Hayes "Molly Pitcher" aids American patriots
  • 1807 British troops land at Ensenada, Argentina
  • 1820 Tomato is proven to be non-poisonous by Colonel Robert Gibbon eating a tomato on steps of courthouse in Salem, New Jersey
  • 1832 Gerrit Moll measures noise of guns
  • 1833 Three missionaries of the Paris Evangelical Missionary Society obtain permission from Chief Moshoeshoe (Moshesh) to found a mission station in Basutoland (now Lesotho)

UKCoronation of Queen Victoria

1838 Coronation of Queen Victoria in Westminster Abbey, London
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Coronation of Queen Victoria in Westminster Abbey by Sir George Hayter
Coronation of Queen Victoria in Westminster Abbey by Sir George Hayter
  • 1841 The Théâtre de l'Académie Royale de Musique in Paris premieres the ballet Giselle
  • 1846 Saxophone is patented by Antoine-Joseph "Adolfe" Sax
  • 1855 The Sigma Chi Fraternity was founded at Miami University
  • 1859 1st dog show held (Newcastle-on-Tyne, England)
  • 1861 Leipzig Observatory discovers short-period (6.2 yrs) Comet d'Arrest
  • 1862 Day 4 of 7 Day Battle of Savage's Station [Garnett's Farm] in Virginia
  • 1865 The Army of the Potomac is disbanded

  • 1869 Amsterdam typographer strike
  • 1870 U.S. Congress creates federal holidays (New Years Day, Independence Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day), initially applicable only to federal employees
  • 1874 Freedmen's Bank closes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1880 Australian bushranger Ned Kelly captured at Glenrowan

Leader of the Kelly gang Ned Kelly
Leader of the Kelly gang
Ned Kelly
  • 1887 Phillies most lopsided shut-out beating Indianapolis 24-0
  • 1892 Phillies tie club record of 16 straight victories
  • 1894 Labor Day established as a holiday for US federal employees
  • 1894 The Natal Legislature plans to introduce the Indian Franchise Bill, South Africa
  • 1895 El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua form Central American Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1895 French painter Paul Gauguin leaves France for Tahiti for the second time

Painter and Sculptor Paul Gauguin
Painter and Sculptor
Paul Gauguin
  • 1897 Marquis C de Bonchamps' expedition reaches Gore Ethiopia

Sport awardWimbledon Women's Tennis

1897 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: England's Blanche Bingley-Hillyard wins her 4th title beating Charlotte Cooper 5-7, 7-5, 6-2

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • 1902 US Congress authorizes Louisiana Purchase Expo $1 gold coin
  • 1902 US buys concession to build Panama canal from French for $40 million
  • 1902 Germany, Italy, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire renew their Triple Alliance for six more years
  • 1904 International Anti-Military Cooperation (IAMV) forms in Amsterdam
  • 1904 SS Norge runs aground and sinks off Rockall, North Atlantic, more than 635 die, largest maritime loss of life until Titanic
  • 1904 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Reigning champion Dorothea Chambers beats Charlotte Cooper 6-0, 6-3
  • 1907 Nationals steal a record 13 bases off catcher Branch Rickey
  • 1909 1st French air show, Concours d'Avation opens
  • 1911 Joseph Caillaux forms government in France


1914 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip at 10.45, the casus belli of WWI

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
Assassin Gavrilo Princip
Gavrilo Princip
  • 1917 Potato entrepreneurs begins in Amsterdam
  • 1918 1st flight between Hawaiian Islands
  • 1919 Carl Mazes pitches a complete doubleheader against NY Yankees
  • 1919 Treaty of Versailles, ending WWI and establishing the League of Nations, is signed in France
  • 1922 The Irish Civil War starts when Irish Free State forces attack anti-treaty republicans in Dublin
  • 1923 Dodgers lost 7-0 lead, as Phillies score 8 in bottom of 9th
  • 1923 Queen Wilhelmina and Prince Henry of the Netherlands state visit to London
  • 1924 Test cricket umpire debut for Frank Chester, v South Africa at Lord's
  • 1924 Tornado strikes Sandusky and Lorain, Ohio, killing 93
  • 1926 Mercedes Benz forms when the world's oldest automobile manufacturers DMG and Benz & Cie merge
  • 1928 Alfred E Smith (NY-Governor) nominated for US President at Democratic Convention
  • 1928 Friedrich Schmiedl attempts rocket mail in Austria (unsuccessful)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Louis Armstrong makes 78 recording of "West End blues"

Jazz Musician Louis Armstrong
Jazz Musician
Louis Armstrong
  • 1930 1st night game in Detroit at newly built Hamtramck Stadium as Negro League Detroit Stars take on KC Monarchs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Hitler flies to Essen ( for Night of Long Knives)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1935 Earl Averill's consecutive-game streak ends at 673

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 FDR orders a federal gold vault to be built at Fort Knox, Kentucky

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1935 British Open Men's Golf, Muirfield: Alf Perry wins his only major title, by 4 shots from fellow Englishman Alf Padgham
  • 1936 Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 Bradman scores 102* in drawn 2nd Test cricket at Lord's

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1939 Joe Louis TKOs Tony Galent in 4 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • 1939 Pan Am opens southern route transatlantic air service (Dixie Clipper)
  • 1939 Yanks hit 13 HRs, sweep A's 23-2 & 10-0
  • 1940 "Quiz Kids?" premieres on radio
  • 1940 Romania cedes Bessarabia to Soviet Union
  • 1941 German and Romanian soldiers kill 11,000 Jews in Kishinev
  • 1941 German troops occupy Galicia, Poland
  • 1942 Col-gen Von Hoth' 6th Pantser enters Voronezj
  • 1945 Polish Provisional government of National Unity set up by Soviets
  • 1946 Enrico de Nicola becomes 1st President of Italy
  • 1946 Permanent radio play-by-play of Cleveland Indians games begins
  • 1947 "Temptation" (Tim-Tayshun) by Red Ingle with Jo Stafford hits #1
  • 1948 British begin airlift “Operation Plainfare” to West Berlin

  • 1950 "Michael Todd's Peep Show" opens at Winter Garden NYC for 278 performances
  • 1950 North Korean forces capture Seoul, South Korea in opening phase of the Korean War
  • 1951 "Amos 'n' Andy" premieres on CBS TV

Sport awardUS Women's Golf Open

1953 US Open Women's Golf, CC of Rochester: Betsy Rawls wins an 18-hole Sunday playoff by 6 strokes over runner-up Jackie Pung

LPGA Golfer Betsy Rawls
LPGA Golfer
Betsy Rawls
  • 1954 111°F (44°C) at Camden, South Carolina (state record)
  • 1956 1st atomic reactor built for private research operates (Chicago Illinois)
  • 1956 Riots break out in Poznan, Poland, 38 die
  • 1957 Reds' fans stuff ballot box, electing 8 Reds as All Star starters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Frick overrules and names Stan Musial, Willie Mays, & Hank Aaron to team

MLB Legend Stan Musial
MLB Legend
Stan Musial
MLB Legend Willie Mays
MLB Legend
Willie Mays
  • 1958 Brazil becomes world soccer champ in Sweden
  • 1958 Nancy Ramey swims world record 100m (1:09.6)
  • 1958 US Open Women's Golf, Forest Lake CC: Mickey Wright wins 1st of 4 Open titles by 5 from Louise Suggs; 1st player to win Open & LPGA in same year
  • 1959 Phils Wally Post is only outfielder to throw out 2 runners in an inning twice (Losing to Giants 6-0)
  • 1959 Meldrim trestle disaster; freight train derails over Ogeechee River in Georgia causing IPG tanks to explode killing 23
  • 1960 10.40" (26.42 cm) of rainfall, Dunmor, Kentucky (state 24-hour record)
  • 1961 Phils and San Francisco set then record longest night game (5h11m) 7-7 15 innings tie
  • 1962 Thalidomide drug banned in Netherlands
  • 1963 Belaunde Terry inaugurated as President of Peru

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Nikita Khrushchev visits East Berlin

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Organization for Afro-American Unity formed in New York by Malcolm X

African American Activist Malcolm X
African American Activist
Malcolm X

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 1st US ground combat forces in Vietnam authorized by President Lyndon B. Johnson

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1965 Dutch Princess Beatrice and Claus von Amsberg announce their engagement
  • 1966 Ernie Terrell beats Doug Jones in 15 wba for heavyweight boxing title

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 George Harrison is fined £6 for speeding

Singer-Songwriter George Harrison
George Harrison
  • 1967 Israel annexes East Jerusalem
  • 1968 Daniel Ellsberg indicted for leaking Pentagon Papers
  • 1969 Police carry out an early morning raid on gay bar Stonewall Inn, Greenwich Village, NY; about 400 to 1,000 patrons riot against police, it lasts 3 days. Beginning of the modern LGBT rights movement
  • 1969 John Hampshire scores 107 on Test cricket debut v WI at Lord's
  • 1970 Around 500 Catholic workers at the Harland and Wolff shipyard are forced to leave their work by Protestant employees as serious rioting continues in Belfast
  • 1971 Phillies' Rick Wise hits 2 HRs and no-hits Reds

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 US Supreme Court (8-0) overturns draft evasion conviction of Muhammad Ali

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Muhammad Ali
  • 1973 Lawsuit in Detroit challenges Little League's "no girls" rule

Hall of fameHall of Fame

1973 Black Sports Hall of Fame forms: Paul Robeson, Elgin Baylor, Jesse Owens, Jim Brown, Wilma Rudolph, Joe Louis and Althea Gibson elected

NBA Forward Elgin Baylor
NBA Forward
Elgin Baylor
NFL Legend Jim Brown
NFL Legend
Jim Brown
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • 1973 New Zealand ship HMNZS Otago sails for Mururoa nuclear test zone after France’s refusal to accept an International Court of Justice injunction against its atmospheric nuclear testing
  • 1973 Northern Ireland Assembly elections take place
  • 1974 Fall of earth and rocks kill 200 (Quebrada Blanca Canyon, Colombia)
  • 1974 Wings release singles "Band on the Run" and "Zoo Gang" in UK
  • 1975 Reigning PGA Championship winner Lee Trevino and playing partners Jerry Heard, Bobby Nichols, Jim Ahern and Tony Jacklin are struck by lightning at Western Open; suffer minor burns
  • 1975 The South African rugby team beats France 33-18 in Pretoria
  • 1976 1st woman was admitted to Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, Colorado
  • 1976 Three British mercenaries are sentenced to death for their part in the Angolan civil war
  • 1977 Billy Hunter becomes Rangers' 4th manager in 6 days
  • 1977 Supreme Court allows Federal control of Nixon tapes papers
  • 1977 The United Party, main political opposition party in South Africa, is formally disbanded by the majority faction after members leave the party to join other new political parties
  • 1978 UNICEF chooses rock group Kansas as ambassadors of goodwill
  • 1978 Supreme Court orders Cal medical school to admit Allan Bakke a white man claiming reverse discrimination when application was rejected
  • 1979 OPEC raises oil prices 24%
  • 1980 NYC transit fare rises from 50 cents to 60 cents
  • 1980 The South African Springbok rugby team lead by Morné du Plessis beats the British Lions 12-10 in Port Elizabeth to lead 3-0 in the series
  • 1981 "Piaf" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 165 performances
  • 1981 74 government officials die in attack in Iran

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 Prince Charles and Diana, Princess of Wales, name their baby "William"

Princess of Wales Diana Spencer
Princess of Wales
Diana Spencer
Prince of Wales Prince Charles
Prince of Wales
Prince Charles
  • 1983 Bridge section along I-95 in Greenwich, Connecticutt collapses, killing 3
  • 1983 NASA launches Galaxy-A
  • 1984 Former member of South African Congress of Trade Unions (SACTU), Jeannette Schoon, and her six-year old daughter, Katryn, are killed by a letter bomb at Lubango, in northern Angola
  • 1984 17th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at Hotel San Diego
  • 1985 Discovery ferried back to Kennedy Space Center via Bergstrom AFB, Tx
  • 1986 Irish population condemns divorce
  • 1986 Kenneth and Nellie Pike challenge Ala Dem runoff win by AG C Graddick
  • 1986 West European leaders, meeting in the Netherlands, delay indefinitely imposing economic sanctions against South Africa

  • 1987 "Dreamgirls" opens at Ambassador Theater NYC for 177 performances
  • 1987 Don Baylor sets career hit-by-pitch mark at 244 (Pitcher Rick Rhoden)

AgreementContract of Interest

1988 Mike Tyson sues to break contract with manager Bill Cayton

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Mike Tyson
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Mike Tyson
  • 1990 Emmy 17th Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 11th time
  • 1991 South Africa signs the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
  • 1992 "Chinese Coffee" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 18 performances
  • 1992 2 earthquakes, including 3rd strongest in US (7.4) rock California
  • 1992 Burharnuddin Rabbani becomes president of Afghanistan
  • 1992 Italian government of Amato forms
  • 1992 LA Police commisioner Daryl Gates steps down
  • 1992 US Dream Team beats Cuba in 1st exhibition basketball game, 133-57
  • 1992 The Constitution of Estonia is signed into law
  • 1993 Doctors recommend ligament transplant to Jose Canseco's arm
  • 1993 Jacques Lemaire is named NJ Devils 8th Head Coach
  • 1993 NCRV shows last "Cheers" in Netherlands
  • 1993 Carlton Fisk, 45, released by White Sox, as all time leader of most games caught and most HRs by a catcher
  • 1994 NY Met Pitcher Dwight Gooden suspended for 60 days due to drug charges

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 Jonah Lomu becomes the youngest-ever All Black at 19 yrs 45 days playing rugby for New Zealand against France in Christchurch

Rugby Union Superstar Jonah Lomu
Rugby Union Superstar
Jonah Lomu
  • 1994 NHL Draft: Windsor Spitfires (OHL) defenceman Ed Jovanovski first pick by Florida Panthers
  • 1995 NJ Devils Stanley Cup Victory Party, admidst rumours they were moving to Nashville, goalie Chris Terreri holds up "Nashville? NO WAY!" sign
  • 1995 NBA draft: Maryland power forward Joe Smith first pick by Golden State Warriors

Film release premierFilm Release

1996 "Nutty Professor" starring Eddie Murphy opens in theaters in the USA

  • 1996 The Constitution of Ukraine is signed into law.
  • 1997 "Master Class" closes at Golden Theater NYC after 601 performances
  • 1997 "Steel Peer" closes at Richard Rodgers Theater NYC after 76 performances
  • 1997 TV evangelist Robert Schuller attacks a flight attendant
  • 2000 Cuban exile Elián González returns to Cuba following a Supreme Court order.
  • 2000 NBA Draft: Cincinnati power forward Kenyon Martin first pick by New Jersey Nets
  • 2002 In South Africa, the Congress of South African Trade Unions and the Treatment Action Campaign table a national HIV/AIDS treatment plan in the National Economic, Development and Labour Council

Film release premierFilm Premier

2003 "Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl", directed by Gore Verbinski, starring Johnny Depp, Keira Knightley and Orlando Bloom, premieres at Disneyland

  • 2004 Estonia, Lithuania and Slovenia join the European Exchange Rate Mechanism
  • 2004 The 17th NATO Summit starts in Istanbul.
  • 2004 Sovereign power is handed to the interim government of Iraq by the Coalition Provisional Authority, ending the U.S.-led rule of that nation
  • 2005 A final design for Manhattan's Freedom Tower is formally unveiled
  • 2005 NBA Draft: Utah center Andrew Bogut first pick by Milwaukee Bucks
  • 2006 The Republic of Montenegro admitted as the 192nd Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution 60/264
  • 2006 NBA Draft: Benetton Treviso (Italy) power forward Andrea Bargnani first pick by Toronto Raptors
  • 2007 Craig Biggio of the Houston Astros becomes the 27th member of the 3000 hit club, going 5 for 5 against the Colorado Rockies
  • 2007 NBA Draft: Ohio State center Greg Oden first pick by Portland Trail Blazers

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2011 Christine Lagarde becomes the 1st women to be elected head of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Lawyer, Politician and International Bureaucrat Christine Lagarde
Lawyer, Politician and International Bureaucrat
Christine Lagarde
  • 2012 A series of car bombs in Iraq kills 14 and injures 50 people
  • 2012 NBA Draft: Kentucky center Anthony Davis first pick New Orleans Pelicans

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2013 Jay Onrait and Dan O'Toole's final "Sportscentre" broadcast on TSN

Sports Anchor Jay Onrait
Sports Anchor
Jay Onrait
Sports Anchor Dan O'Toole
Sports Anchor
Dan O'Toole
  • 2015 David Sweat shot and captured near Canadian border. 2nd prisoner to escape maximum-security Clinton Correctional Facility June 6
  • 2015 Greek Credit Crisis: Greek government says banks closed for a week and ATM withdrawals restricted after European Central Bank refused to supply emergency funds
  • 2015 US Senior Open Men's Golf, Del Paso CC: Jeff Maggert shoots final round 65 (-5) to win by 2 strokes from defending champion Colin Montgomerie of Scotland
  • 2016 Suicide bombings and gun attacks at Istanbul's Ataturk Airport kill 42 and wound more than 200
  • 2017 Wilshire Grand Center becomes the tallest building in Los Angeles and in the US west of the Mississippi at 1,100 ft

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 China’s president, Xi Jinping begins 3 day trip to Hong Kong to mark 20 years since the territory handed back to China

Paramount Leader of China Xi Jinping
Paramount Leader of China
Xi Jinping