On This Day

Historical Events on June 29

  • 512 A solar eclipse is recorded by a monastic chronicler in Ireland.
  • 1072 Former Byzantine Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes blinded by rivals and exiled
  • 1149 Raymond of Antioch is defeated and killed at the Battle of Inab by Nur ad-Din.
  • 1194 Sverre is crowned King of Norway.
  • 1312 Holy Roman Emperor Henry VII crowned
  • 1377 French raid at Rye, England

Historic Event

1428 Jacoba of Bavaria signs cease fire with Philip the Good

  • 1529 Emperor Karel V & Pope Clemens VII sign Treaty of Barcelona

Historic Discovery

1534 Jacques Cartier discovers Prince Edward Islands Canada

Historic Event

1540 Former Lord Privy Seal and Chancellor of the Exchequer of England Thomas Cromwell indicted as a heretic

Historic Event

1552 Italian physician and mathematician Girolamo Cardano arrives in Edinburgh, Scotland to treat John Hamilton, Archbishop of St Andrews for over two thousand gold crowns

Globe Theatre Fire

1613 Shakespeare's Globe Theatre in London, burns down during a performance of "Henry VIII"

  • 1659 The Russians, led by Prince Trubetskoy are defeated by the Ukrainian armies of Ivan Vyhovsky in the Battle of Konotop.
  • 1682 Sofia names herself regent of Russia
  • 1694 Dutch fleet attacks French grain transports
  • 1749 New Governor Charles de la Ralière Des Herbiers arrives at Isle Royale (Cape Breton Island).
  • 1755 515 prominent Filipinos baptized as Catholic
  • 1755 German medieval heroic poem "Nibelungenlied" (the Song of the Nibelungs) rediscovered in Hohenems Castle Library in Vorarlberg, Austria by Jacob Hermann Oreit
  • 1767 British pass Townshend Revenue Act levying taxes on America, helping to intensify opposition to British rule
  • 1776 Mission Dolores founded at San Francisco Bay by Lieutenant José Joaquin Moraga and Francisco Palóu

Historic Event

1776 Virginia state constitution adopted and Patrick Henry made governor

  • 1786 Alexander Macdonell and over five hundred Roman Catholic highlanders leave Scotland to settle in Glengarry County, Ontario.
  • 1800 Free mason lodge establishes in Alkmaar

Historic Event

1850 British ex-Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel falls off his horse; dies three days later

  • 1850 Autocephaly Officially Granted by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople to The Church of Greece.
  • 1854 Netherlands allows corporal punishment
  • 1857 Battle at Chinhat (Indies rebel under Barkat Ahmed beat British)
  • 1858 Great fire in London docks
  • 1858 Treaty of Algun, China cedes north bank of Amur River to Russia
  • 1862 Day 5 of 7 Days-Battle of Savage's Station, Va
  • 1863 Battle at Westminster, Maryland: Federal assault

Appointment of Interest

1863 George Armstrong Custer, aged 23, appointed Union Brigadier General

  • 1863 Confederate General Robert Lee orders his forces to concentrate near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
  • 1863 Very 1st First National Bank opens in Davenport, Iowa
  • 1864 Canada's worst railway accident: Grand Trunk Railway train crashes onto a barge on the Richelieu River killing 100 people
  • 1864 Samuel Crowther, bishop of Niger, becomes the first Black bishop of the Church of England
  • 1867 Pope Pius IX declares Gorcumse holy martyrs
  • 1874 Greek politician Charilaos Trikoupis publishes a manifesto in the Athens daily Kairoi entitled "Who's to Blame?" in which he lays out his complaints against King George. He is elected Prime Minister of Greece the next year.
  • 1880 France annexes Otaheite (Tahiti)

Catholic Encyclical

1881 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Diuturnum illud

  • 1888 First (known) recording of classical music made, Handel's "Israel in Egypt" on wax cylinder
  • 1891 US National Forest Service organized
  • 1891 Street railway in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, commences operation.
  • 1895 Doukhobors burn their weapons as a protest against conscription by the Tsarist Russian government.
  • 1895 US National Championship Women's Tennis: Juliette Atkinson beats defending champion Helen Hellwig 6-4, 6-2, 6-1
  • 1897 Chicago Colts establish MLB record for most runs scored in a game by one team as they maul Louisville Colonels, 36 - 7 at the West Side Grounds, Chicago
  • 1899 Brazo River in Texas floods 12 miles wide causing $10 mil damage
  • 1900 The Imperial Chinese Court issues what is essentially a declaration of war against foreigners in China blaming them for hostilities and giving license to the Boxers for even greater ferocity
  • 1901 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Elisabeth Moore beats defending champion Myrtle McAteer 6-4, 3-6, 7-5, 2-6, 6-2 for her second of 4 US singles titles
  • 1903 US Open Men's Golf, Baltusrol GC: Willie Anderson of Scotland first to win the Open twice; beats countryman David Brown by 2 strokes in an 18-hole playoff
  • 1903 British government protests against abuses in Belgian Congo
  • 1904 2 prehistoric bones found in Weerdingerveen, Drenthe
  • 1906 US Open Men's Golf, Onwentsia GC: Scotsman Alex Smith wins first of his 2 Open titles, 7 strokes ahead of runner-up and younger brother Willie Smith
  • 1906 US Congress pass the Hepburn Act, permitting the regulation of rates charged by railroads, pipelines, and terminals engaged in interstate commerce
  • 1910 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: In an all-British final, Dorothea Chambers beats Dora Boothby 6-2, 6-2 for her 4th of 7 Wimbledon singles titles
  • 1911 Freiherr Gautsch von Frankenthurn becomes Minister-President of Austria
  • 1913 An attack by Bulgarian General Michael Savov on Greek and Serbian positions causes the start of the Second Balkan War

Assassination Attempt

1914 Jina Guseva attempts to assassinate Grigori Rasputin at his home town in Siberia

  • 1918 A provisional government opposed to the Bolsheviks establishes itself at Vladivostok, the Russian port on the Sea of Japan
  • 1922 France grants 1 km² at Vimy Ridge "freely, and for all time, to the Government of Canada, the free use of the land exempt from all taxes."
  • 1925 Canada House opens in London, England.
  • 1926 Carter G. Woodson wins Springarn Medal for research into Black history

Historic Event

1926 Arthur Meighen returns to office as Prime Minister of Canada

  • 1927 1st flight from West Coast arrives in Hawaii
  • 1927 First test of Wallace Turnbull's controllable pitch propeller.
  • 1928 The Outerbridge Crossing and Goethals Bridge in Staten Island, New York both opened.
  • 1929 1st high-speed jet wind tunnel completed Langley Field Ca
  • 1929 31.1°C (88°F) highest temperature on this day in De Bilt
  • 1929 Mexico & Vatican sign Concord
  • 1931 109°F (43°C), Monticello, Florida (state record)

Catholic Encyclical

1931 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical on Nun abbiamo bisogno (We do not need fascism and Mussolini)

  • 1932 USSR & China sign non-aggression treaty

Boxing Title Fight

1933 Italian boxer Primo Carnera KOs American defending champion Jack Sharkey in round 6 at Madison Square Garden, NYC to become third European to win the lineal world heavyweight title

  • 1934 British Open Men's Golf, Royal St. George's GC: Henry Cotton of England wins wire-to-wire by 5 shots from South African Sid Brews
  • 1935 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Sunset Ridge CC: Opal Hill scores an easy, 9 & 7 win over Mrs. S.L. Reinhart to claim her first of 2 consecutive major titles
  • 1936 Empire State Building broadcasts high definition TV-343 lines

Catholic Encyclical

1936 Pope Pius XI encyclical to US bishops "On motion pictures"

Music History

1936 George M. Cohan is the first artist to be presented with a US Congressional Gold Medal, by Franklin D. Roosevelt (for raising war morale)

  • 1939 4th Dutch government of Colijn falls
  • 1939 Dixie Clipper completes 1st commercial plane flight to Europe
  • 1940 Anjer (Carnation) Day-anniversary of Prince Bernhard
  • 1940 US passes Alien Registration Act requiring Aliens to register
  • 1940 Batman Comics, mobsters rubbed out a circus highwire team known as the Flying Graysons, leaving their son Dick (Robin) an orphan
  • 1941 DiMaggio extends hitting streak to 42 breaking Sisler's record

Catholic Encyclical

1943 Pope Pius XII encyclical Mystic Corporis (mystic body of Christ)

  • 1943 US forces landed at Nassau Bay, near Salamaua, New Guinea
  • 1943 Germany begins withdrawing U-boats from North Atlantic in anticipation of the Allied invasion of Europe
  • 1944 German counter attack at Caen
  • 1944 Nazi Paul Touvier shoots 7 Jews dead

Historic Event

1944 Rommel & von Rundstedt travel to Berchtesgaden

  • 1944 Soviet Armies join in Bobroesjk
  • 1944 US 7th army corps conquers Cherbourg
  • 1945 20.6 cm rainfall at Litchville North Dakota (state record)
  • 1945 Ruthenia, formerly in Czechoslovakia, annexed by Soviet Union, becomes Ukrainian SSR
  • 1946 "Are You with It?" closes at Century Theater NYC after 264 performances
  • 1946 "Billion Dollar Baby" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 219 performances
  • 1946 Black Sabbath-Brits arrest 2,700 Jews in Palestine as alleged terrorist
  • 1946 British mandatory government of Palestine arrests 100 leaders of Yishnuv
  • 1947 US Open Women's Golf, Starmount Forest CC: American Betty Jameson wins her only US crown, 6 strokes ahead of runners-up Polly Riley and Sally Sessions, both amateurs
  • 1947 Yanks beat Senators 3-1 starting a 19 game winning streak
  • 1949 US troops withdraw from Korea after WW II
  • 1950 Striker Joe Gaetjens heads US to an upset, 1-0 win over England in a FIFA World Cup group match in Belo Horizonte, Brazil; Americans next win over England: 1994
  • 1950 West Indies dismiss England for 274 to win 2nd cricket Test at Lord's by 326 runs thanks to rookie spinners Sonny Ramadhin (6/86) & Alf Valentine (3/79)
  • 1952 USS Oriskany becomes 1st aircraft carrier to sail around Cape Horn

US Women's Golf Open

1952 US Open Women's Golf, Bala GC: 1949 champion Louise Suggs wins, 7 strokes ahead of runners-up Marlene Bauer and Betty Jameson

  • 1953 XETV TV channel 6 in Tijuana-San Diego, CA (IND) begins broadcasting

Historic Event

1954 US Atomic Energy Commission voted against reinstating Dr Robert Oppenheimer

  • 1955 Argentine state of siege ends
  • 1956 American Charles Dumas records first high jump over 7' (2.13m) during US Olympic Trials at Los Angeles, California
  • 1956 US Federal interstate highway system act signed
  • 1956 Dutch PM Drees refuses resignation of queen Juliana (Greet Hofmans)
  • 1957 US Open Women's Golf, Winged Foot GC: Betsy Rawls wins when apparent champion, Jackie Pung at 298 (+6) is disqualified for signing an incorrect scorecard kept by playing partner Betty Jameson

Historic Event

1957 Malenkov, Molotov, Kaganowitsj and Sjepilov leave USSR communist party

FIFA World Cup

1958 FIFA World Cup Final, Råsunda Stadium, Stockholm, Sweden: Vavá & Pelé each score 2 goals as Brazil beats Sweden, 5-2

Catholic Encyclical

1959 Pope John XXIII publishes his 1st encyclical "On truth, unity, & peace, in charity"

  • 1960 KYA-AM in San Francisco changes call letters to KDBQ (for 2 weeks)
  • 1961 Launch of Transit 4a, with 1st nuclear power supply (SNAP-3)

Baseball Record

1961 SF outfielder Willie Mays becomes the 4th player in MLB history with 3 or more home runs twice in one season with a 10th inning blast in Giants 8-7 win over the Phillies in Philadelphia

  • 1961 The International Labour Organisation (ILO) calls for South Africa's withdrawal at the Geneva Conference in protest of the racial policies of the South African government
  • 1962 1st flight Vickers (British Aerospace) VC-10 long-range airliner
  • 1962 Frank Howard hits the 5,000th Dodger home run
  • 1963 "Little Me" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC after 257 performances
  • 1963 Beatles' 1st song "From Me to You" hits UK charts
  • 1963 SVB, Students Unions, established under Barrel Regtien
  • 1964 1st draft of Star Trek's pilot "Cage" released

Historic Event

1964 Civil Rights Act of 1964 passes after an 83-day filibuster in the US Senate

  • 1965 USAF Capt Joseph Henry Engle reaches 85,530 m in X-15
  • 1966 Vietnam War: US planes bomb the North Vietnamese capital Hanoi and the port city of Haiphong for the first time
  • 1966 KBSC (now KVEA) TV channel 52 in Corona-Los Angeles, CA begins
  • 1967 Israel removes barricades, re-unifying Jerusalem

Music History

1967 Keith Richards is sentenced to 1 year in jail on drugs charge

  • 1968 "Tip-Toe Thru' The Tulips With Me" by Tiny Tim peaks at #17
  • 1969 1st Jewish worship service at White House
  • 1969 US Open Women's Golf, Scenic Hills CC: Donna Caponi wins first of 4 major titles; beat Peggy Wilson by 1 stroke

Baseball Record

1969 On 'Billy Williams Day' at Wrigley Field, Chicago, the Cubs outfielder passes Stan Musial's NL record for consecutive MLB games played (896) as Chicago sweeps St. Louis Cardinals, 3-1 and 12-1

  • 1970 US ends 2 month military offensive into Cambodia

Music History

1971 Rolling Stones Mick Jagger & Keith Richards sentenced on drug offense

  • 1972 Supreme Court rules (5-4) that death penalty is cruel & unusual
  • 1972 USSR launches Prognoz 2 into earth orbit (549/200,000 km)
  • 1974 Military coup in Ethiopia
  • 1975 Canadian Open Golf (Peter Jackson Classic), St. George's CC: JoAnne Carner wins in a playoff with Carol Mann
  • 1975 8.10" (20.57 cm) of rainfall, Litchville No Dakota (state 24-hr rec)
  • 1976 The Seychelles become independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1977 Supreme Court rules out death penalty for rapists of adults

Sports History

1977 Future Hall of Fame outfielder Willie Stargell hits his 400th career HR as his Pittsburgh Pirates rout the St Louis Cardinals, 9-1 at Busch Stadium

  • 1977 South Africa opposition party, the New Republic Party (NRP), is formed after the integration of the United Party (UP) and Democratic Party (DP)

Historic Event

1978 US Vice President Walter Mondale begins trip to Middle East

  • 1979 San Diego Chicken reborn at Jack Murphy Stadium
  • 1980 "Sweeney Todd" closes at Uris Theater NYC after 557 performances
  • 1980 US Senior Open Men's Golf, Winged Foot GC: Roberto De Vicenzo of Argentina wins inaugural event by 4 strokes ahead of amateur William C. Campbell; his Champions Tour debut
  • 1981 Bomb attack on headquarters of Islamic Party in Tehran, 72 killed

Historic Event

1981 Hu Yaobang succeeds Hua Guofeng as Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China

  • 1982 US Voting Rights Act of 1965 extended

Sports History

1983 40 year old Puerto Rican jockey Ángel Cordero Jr. wins his 5,000th race with a victory in the last race at Belmont; 4th jockey to achieve milestone

  • 1983 Challenger flies back to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly Air Force Base

Sports History

1984 Orel Hershiser begins string of making every sched start until 1990

  • 1984 USSR offers to start talking about banning SDI
  • 1985 NASA launches Intelsat VA F-11
  • 1985 STS 51-F vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1986 FIFA World Cup Final, Estadio Azteca, Mexico City: Argentina beats West Germany, 3-2 in front of 114,600

Sports History

1986 Boston Red Sox trade for Tom Seaver

Sports History

1986 Sparky Anderson is 1st to win 600 games as manager in both leagues

  • 1986 Moses Mayekiso, former General Secretary of Metal and Allied Workers Union (MAWU) and member of South African Communist Party (SACP), detained for a second time, spends months in solitary confinement

Historic Event

1986 Richard Branson aboard Virgin Atlantic Challenger II reaches Bishop Rock, Isles of Scilly, fastest crossing of Atlantic

Sports History

1986 US Senior Open Men's Golf, Scioto CC: Dale Douglass wins by 1 stroke ahead of Gary Player for his lone Champions Tour major title

  • 1987 Phil's Steve Bedrosian is 1st to record 12 saves in 12 attempts

Sports History

1987 Yanks blow 11-4 lead but trailing 14-11 Dave Winfield's 8th inning grand slammer beats Toronto 15-14; Mattingly also grand slams

Election of Interest

1988 Vigdís Finnbogadóttir is elected the 4th President of Iceland becoming the world's 1st democratically elected female President

Daytime Emmy Awards

1988 Emmy 15th Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 9th time

  • 1989 Emmy 16th Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 10th time
  • 1989 South Africa's National Party adopts five year programme of its objectives, including a political "reform" plan to give Black majority role in national and local government; ANC responds it would consider only a one-man, one-vote system

Film & TV History

1990 Marla Maples father sues National Enquirer for $12M

  • 1990 NY Mets tie their team career high 11 game winning streak

Sports History

1990 A's Dave Stewart no-hits Blue Jays & Dodger's Fernando Valenzuela no-hits St Louis 6-0, 1st time no-hitters in both leagues

  • 1990 World's first female diocesan Anglican bishop, Dr Penny Jamieson, appointed in New Zealand

Theatrical Finale

1991 "Jackie Mason - Brand New" closes at Neil Simon Theater, NYC, after 216 performances

  • 1991 6.0 earthquake hits southern Calif

Sports History

1991 With a world ranking of 591, Englishman Nick Brown upsets 10th-seeded (and 2001 champion) Goran Ivanišević 4-6, 6-3, 7-6, 6-3 in the 2nd round at Wimbledon

  • 1992 "Salome" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 9 performances
  • 1992 2 earthquakes including 7.4 hits southern Calif
  • 1992 A's Dennis Eckersley sets record of 26th straight save of season

Sports History

1992 NHL decides Eric Lindross goes to Flyers instead of Rangers

  • 1992 Algerian head of state, Mohamed Boudiaf, is assassinated by military officers during a public speech at the opening of a cultural center in Annaba
  • 1994 Socialist, Tomiichi Murayama, elected premier of Japan
  • 1994 US reopens Guantanamo Naval Base to process refugees
  • 1994 NBA Draft: Purdue small forward Glenn Robinson first pick by Milwaukee Bucks

Boxing Title Fight

1995 George Foreman loses IBF boxing title for refusing to re-fight Axel Schulz

  • 1995 Memphis Mad Dogs 1st CFL game (vs Calgary Stampeders)
  • 1996 Andrea Leah Plummer, of Tennessee, crowned 39th America's Junior Miss
  • 1996 Superman's Action Comic #1 (1938) auctioned at Sotheby at $61,900
  • 1997 "American Daughter" closes at Cort Theater NYC after 88 performances
  • 1997 "London Assurance" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 72 performances
  • 1997 US Senior Open Men's Golf, Olympia Fields CC: Graham Marsh of Australia wins by 1 stroke ahead of South African John Bland
  • 1997 Progress M-35 Soyuz Launch (Russia)
  • 1997 Tyrenda Williams, 18, of Alabama, crowned 40th America's Junior Miss

Music History

2000 Eminem's mother goes to court claiming defamation of character in a $10 million civil suit, after taking exception to the line "My mother smokes more dope than I do" from her son's single 'My Name Is'

Film Release

2001 "A.I. Artificial Intelligence", directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Haley Joel Osment, Jude Law and Frances O'Connor, is released

Historic Event

2002 US Vice President Dick Cheney, serves as Acting President for two and a half hours, while President George W. Bush undergoes a colonoscopy procedure.

  • 2002 Naval clashes between South Korea and North Korea lead to the death of six South Korean sailors and sinking of a North Korean vessel.