On This Day

Historical Events on June 3

  • 350 Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, proclaims himself Roman Emperor, entering Rome at the head of a group of gladiators.

Historic Event

1083 Henry IV of Germany storms Rome, capturing St Peter's Cathedral

  • 1098 After 5-month siege during the First Crusade, the Crusaders seize Antioch
  • 1140 French scholar Peter Abelard is found guilty of heresy
  • 1326 Treaty of Novgorod delineates borders between Russia and Norway in Finnmark
  • 1357 Peace of Ath signed (in modern Belgium), settles Brabant succession

Historic Event

1540 Hernando de Soto crosses the Appalachian Mountains, 1st European to do so

  • 1620 Construction of the oldest stone church in French North America, Notre-Dame-des-Anges, begins at Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
  • 1621 Dutch West India Company (WIC) receives charter for The West Indies (The Americas, Caribbean and West Africa)
  • 1658 Pope Alexander VII appoints François de Laval vicar apostolic in New France
  • 1665 Duke of York (future James II) defeats Dutch fleet off the coast of Lowestoft
  • 1748 Amsterdam establishes municipal postal service
  • 1752 Moscow houses and churches destroyed by fire
  • 1770 Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo founded in California

Historic Event

1781 Jack Jouett rides to warn Thomas Jefferson of British attack

  • 1784 US army officially established by Congress of the Confederation
  • 1789 Explorer Alexander Mackenzie sets out on his first expedition to the Pacific from Fort Chipewyan (finds the Arctic Ocean instead)
  • 1818 Maratha Wars between British and Maratha Confederacy in India ends
  • 1833 4th national black convention meets (Philadelphia)
  • 1851 1st baseball uniforms worn when the NY Knickerbockers wear a uniform of straw hats, white shirts and blue long trousers
  • 1856 Cullen Whipple patents a machine for making screws
  • 1860 Comanche, Iowa, completely destroyed by one of a series of tornadoes
  • 1861 1st American Civil War land battle: Union forces defeat the Confederacy at Philippi in modern-day West Virginia

Victory in Battle

1864 General Robert E. Lee wins his last victory of Civil War at Battle of Cold Harbor

Historic Event

1871 Jesse James & his gang robs Obocock Bank (Corydon Iowa), of $15,000

  • 1876 Lacrosse introduced in Britain and Canada
  • 1884 John Lynch (R-MS) chosen 1st black major-party national convention chair
  • 1886 24 Christians burn to death in Namgongo, Uganda
  • 1888 Baseball poem "Casey at the Bat" 1st published by the San Francisco Examiner
  • 1889 The Canadian Pacific Railway is completed from coast to coast

Appointment of Interest

1896 British naval officer David Beatty is seconded to the Egyptian government and appointed second in command of the river flotilla

Sports History

1899 W. G. Grace's last day of Test cricket aged 50 yrs 320 days

  • 1906 Belgian King Leopold II claims Congo as his private possession
  • 1907 Centro Escolar University is established by Librada Avelino and Carmen de Luna in Manila, Philippines
  • 1911 "Come Josephine in My Flying Machine" record by Fred Fisher and Alfred Bryan, sung by Ada Jones and Billy Murray hits #1
  • 1913 Dutch 1st Chamber accepts Health laws
  • 1915 Austro-German forces recapture Przemysl, a crucial city in southeastern Poland, and the entire Russian front begins to collapse
  • 1916 US National Defense Act establishes Reserve Officers Training Corps
  • 1918 US Supreme Court in Hammer v. Dagenhart rules child labor laws unconstitutional
  • 1918 Boston Red Sox pitcher Dutch Leonard throws his 2nd no-hitter; beats Detroit Tigers, 5-0 at Navin Field
  • 1919 Supreme Liberty Life Insurance Co (Chicago) - first insurance company organized by African Americans formed
  • 1921 A sudden cloudburst kills 120 near Pikes Peak, Colorado
  • 1924 Gila Wilderness Area established by US Forest Service

Baseball Record

1925 Eddie Collins, is 6th to get 3,000 hits

  • 1925 Goodyear airship "Pilgrim" makes the first with an enclosed cabin
  • 1929 1st trade show at Atlantic City Convention Center (electric light)
  • 1929 Chile and Peru sign the Treaty of Lima, finally resolving their border dispute from the War of the Pacific (1879–83). Chile keeps Arica and Peru regains Tacna.
  • 1929 French Championships Men's Tennis: René Lacoste wins his 3rd French title, beating fellow Frenchman Jean Borotra 6-3, 2-6, 6-0, 2-6, 8-6

French Open Women's Tennis

1929 French Championship Women's Tennis: Defending champion Helen Wills Moody beats Simonne Mathieu 6-3, 6-4

  • 1930 Grover Cleveland Alexander is released by the Phillies
  • 1932 John McGraw, who came to NY in 1902, resigns as manager of Giants

Baseball Record

1932 Future Baseball Hall of Fame first baseman Lou Gehrig first to hit 4 consecutive HRs in a MLB game; NY Yankees beat Philadelphia A's, 20-13 at Shibe Park

  • 1933 A's score 11 runs in 2nd, Yanks score 10 in 5th & win 17-11

Catholic Encyclical

1933 Pope Pius XI encyclical "On oppression of the Church in Spain"

  • 1935 French liner SS Normandie sets Atlantic crossing record of four days, three hours and 14 minutes on her maiden voyage
  • 1935 One thousand unemployed Canadian workers board freight cars in Vancouver, British Columbia, beginning a protest trek to Ottawa, Ontario
  • 1937 Josh Gibson HR's just 2 feet below rim of Yankee Stadium (580' drive)
  • 1938 German law on "Entartete Art" legalizes art robbery
  • 1939 71st Belmont: James Stout riding Johnstown wins in 2:29.6
  • 1939 "Beer Barrel Polka" by Will Glahe hits #1 on the pop singles chart

Miracle of Dunkirk

1940 Last British and French troops evacuated from Dunkirk

  • 1941 Attack on telephone exchange in Schiphol
  • 1941 German occupiers stamp "J" on Jewish passports
  • 1943 United Nations Relief & Rehabilitation Administration forms

Zoot Suit Riots

1943 A mob of 60 from the Los Angeles Naval Reserve Armory beat up everyone perceived to be Hispanic, starting the week-long Zoot Suit Riots

  • 1944 76th Belmont: G L Smith riding Bounding Home wins in 2:32.2
  • 1944 Generals Giraud & de Gaulle reach agreement on constitution
  • 1944 Nazis pull out of Rome
  • 1946 1st bikini bathing suit displayed (Paris)
  • 1946 International Military Tribunal opens in Tokyo against 28 Japanese war criminals

Historic Event

1947 British Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten visits Pakistan

Music Premiere

1948 Musical "Sleepy Hollow", based on Washington Irving's novel, opens at St James Theater, NYC; runs for 12 performances

  • 1948 200" (5.08 m) Hale telescope dedicated at Palomar Observatory
  • 1948 Korczak Ziolkowski begins sculpture of Crazy Horse near Mt Rushmore
  • 1949 1st African American to graduate from US Naval Academy (Wesley Anthony Brown)
  • 1949 Dragnet is 1st broadcast on radio (KFI in Los Angeles)
  • 1949 GN Clark becomes 1st female US treasurer
  • 1950 French expedition reaches top of Himalayan peak of Annapurna in Nepal
  • 1950 French Championships Men's Tennis: Budge Patty wins first of 2 Grand Sam titles that year; beats Jaroslav Drobný 6-1, 6-2, 3-6, 5-7, 7-5
  • 1950 French Championships Women's Tennis: Doris Hart beats fellow American Patricia Todd 6-4, 4-6, 6-2 for her 1st of 2 French singles titles
  • 1951 50th French Championships Men's Tennis: Jaroslav Drobný representing Egypt beats Eric Sturgess 6-3, 6-3, 6-3
  • 1951 50th French Championships Women's Tennis: Shirley Fry beats fellow American Doris Hart 6-3, 3-6, 6-3 for her only French singles title
  • 1952 Romanian communist leader Petru Groza chosen as President of the Presidium of the Great National Assembly
  • 1953 KVOS TV channel 12 in Bellingham/Vancouver, WA (CBS) begins
  • 1955 KLFY TV channel 10 in Lafayette, LA (CBS) begins broadcasting

Sports History

1955 Stan Musial hits his 300th HR

  • 1956 3rd class travel on British Railways ends
  • 1956 KGUN TV channel 9 in Tucson, AZ (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1958 Referendum allows city to sell Chavez Ravine to the Dodgers
  • 1959 1st US Air Force Academy graduation in Colorado Springs, Colorado

Historic Communication

1959 US President Eisenhower routes Canadian premier Diefenbaker a message off the Moon

  • 1959 Singapore adopts constitution
  • 1959 European Cup Final, Stuttgart: Real Madrid beats Stade de Reims, 2-0; 4th consecutive title for Los Blancos
  • 1961 "Wildcat" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 172 performances
  • 1961 93rd Belmont: Braulio Baeza aboard Sherluck wins in 2:29.2
  • 1962 Air France Boeing 707 crashes on takeoff from Paris, kills 130

Historic Event

1962 Lee Harvey Oswald arrives by train in Oldenzaal, Netherlands

  • 1962 WBKO TV channel 13 in Bowling Green, KY (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1963 A Northwest Airlines DC-7 crashes in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of British Columbia, killing 101

Music History

1964 Ringo Starr collapses from tonsillitis and pharyngitis

  • 1965 Gemini 4 launched; 2nd US 2-man flight (McDivitt & White); mission included 1st US spacewalk
  • 1965 1st US Space walk made by NASA astronaut Ed White during the Gemini 4 mission (23 minutes)
  • 1966 European DX Council forms in Copenhagen (shortwave listeners)
  • 1966 Gemini 9 launched; 7th US 2-man flight (Stafford & Cernan)
  • 1967 99th Belmont: Bill Shoemaker aboard Damascus wins in 2:28.8

French Open Men's Tennis

1967 French Championships Men's Tennis: Roy Emerson bests fellow Australian Tony Roche, 6-1, 6-4, 2-6, 6-2 for his 12th, and final, Grand Slam title

  • 1967 French Championships Women's Tennis: Local favourite Françoise Dürr beats Lesley Turner of Australia, 4-6, 6-3, 6-4
  • 1968 Canada announces it will replace silver with nickel in coins
  • 1968 Poor Peoples March on Washington, D.C.
  • 1968 Yanks turn 21st triple-play in their history lose 4-3 to Twins

Assassination Attempt

1968 American radical feminist Valerie Solanas attempts to assassinate Andy Warhol by shooting him three times. She is later diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia and pleads guilty to "reckless assault with intent to harm", serving a 3 year sentence.

  • 1969 Last episode of Star Trek airs on NBC (Turnabout Intruder)
  • 1970 1st artificial gene synthesized
  • 1970 Ray Davies of The Kinks travels round trip NY-London to change 1 word in "Lola," (Coca-Cola to Cherry Cola) because of BBC commercial reference ban
  • 1971 Chic Cub Ken Holtzman 2nd no-hitter beats Cincinnati Reds, 1-0

Sports History

1971 Test Cricket debut of Imran Khan, v Englandl at Edgbaston (5, 0-36, 0-19)

  • 1972 "Hot Rod Lincoln" by Commander Cody & His Lost Planet Airmen hits #9
  • 1972 1st female US rabbi installed, Sally J Priesand at 25

French Open Women's Tennis

1972 French Open Women's Tennis: American icon Billie Jean King wins her only French singles title; beats Evonne Goolagong of Australia 6-3, 6-3

  • 1973 "Smith" closes at Eden Theater NYC after 17 performances
  • 1973 At Paris air show, Tupolev 144, a Soviet supersonic airliner ("Concorde-ski"), crashes, 15 killed

French Open Men's Tennis

1973 French Open Men's Tennis: Ilie Năstase of Romania wins his second Grand Slam singles title, besting Croat player Niki Pilić of Yugoslavia, 6-3, 6-3, 6-0

Historic Event

1974 Yitzhak Rabin replaces resigning Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir, and forms a new government

  • 1976 Queen's "Bohemian Rhapsody" goes gold
  • 1976 Test Cricket debut of Mike Brearley v West Indies (0 & 17)
  • 1977 Baltimore Orioles pull their 6th triple play (9-6-4-6-6 vs KC Royals)
  • 1977 Belgium government of Tindemans forms
  • 1977 US & Cuba talk about diplomatic relations
  • 1978 Phillies Dave Johnson is 1st to hit 2 pinch hit grand slams in a year
  • 1979 "Madwoman of Central Park West" opens on Broadway
  • 1979 33rd Tony Awards: "Elephant Man" and "Sweeny Todd" win
  • 1979 Ixtoc I rig in the Gulf of Mexico blows, spilling 3 million barrels of oil in one of the worst oil spills in history
  • 1980 "It's So Nice to Be Civilized" opens at Martin Beck theater, NYC; runs for 8 performances
  • 1980 Crew of Soyuz 36 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 35
  • 1980 ESPN begins televising college world series games

Historic Event

1980 Jimmy Carter wins enough delegates for renomination

Sports History

1980 NY Mets draft Darryl Strawberry, 18, #1

Assassination Attempt

1981 Pope John Paul II released from hospital after assassination attempt

  • 1982 55th National Spelling Bee: Molly Dieveney wins spelling psoriasis
  • 1982 Israeli ambassador Shlomo Argov seriously wounded by Palestinians
  • 1983 Prolific studio drummer Jim Gordon murders his mother, Osa Marie Gordon in North Hollywood, California. [1]
  • 1984 Revival of the musical "The Wiz" closes at Lunt Fontanne Theater, NYC, after 13 performances

LPGA Championship

1984 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Jack Nicklaus GC: Defending champion Patty Sheehan finishes 10 strokes ahead of runners-up Pat Bradley and Beth Daniel

  • 1984 38th Tony Awards: Real Thing & La Cage Aux Folles win
  • 1985 Brewers draft B J Surhoff #1
  • 1985 Massive anti-ETA demonstration in Basques

Television Debut

1985 "Larry King Live" debuts on CNN, airing each weeknight through December, 2010

  • 1986 Battles in Beirut; 53 killed
  • 1987 "Little Shop of Horrors" released in France
  • 1987 "Pee-wee's Big Adventure" film released in France
  • 1987 Cubs & Astro tie Oriole & Ranger record of 3 grand slams in a game

Film Premiere

1988 "Big" film directed by Penny Marshall, starring Tom Hanks premieres in US

Tiananmen Square Massacre

1989 Beginning of the Tiananmen Square Massacre as Chinese troops open fire on pro-democracy supporters in Beijing

  • 1989 Houston Astros beat LA Dodgers, 5-4, in 22 innings (7:14:09)
  • 1989 Leaking pipe in Asha, USSR, causes 2 trains to catch fire; 460 die

Sports History

1989 Nolan Ryan pitches his 2nd one-hitter this season & 11th overall

Sports History

1989 Sportscasting legend Vin Scully broadcasts 23 innings in two different cities on one day

  • 1990 3rd Children's Miracle Network Telethon raises $894,560
  • 1990 44th Tony Awards: "Grapes of Wrath" and "City of Angels" win
  • 1991 Mount Unzen erupts in Japan, worst eruption in Japanese history
  • 1991 MLB Draft: East Carteret HS pitcher Brien Taylor first pick by New York Yankees

Boxing Title Fight

1991 Thomas Hearns captures WBA light heavyweight title

  • 1991 Kuwait asks Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) members to produce 800,000 bbl/d (130,000 m3/d) of oil on its behalf
  • 1992 Joan Lunden ordered to pay her ex-husband $18,000 a month support
  • 1992 World's largest environmental summit opens in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 1992 Landmark Australian High Court Mabo Decision: recognizes Torres Strait Islanders ownership of Murray Island, rendering terra nullius a legal fiction
  • 1993 66th National Spelling Bee: Geoff Hooper wins spelling kamikaze
  • 1994 5.9 earthquake/floods SE Java (150+ killed)
  • 1994 WIIZ (98.7) FM goes off the air
  • 1995 Expos pitcher Pedro Martinez perfect game is broken up in 10th inning as San Diego's Bip Roberts leads off with a double, Mont wins 1-0
  • 1995 1st Blockbuster Entertainment Awards held at Pantages Theatre, Hollywood
  • 1998 Eschede train disaster: an ICE high speed train derails in Lower Saxony, Germany, causing 101 deaths

Tony Awards

2001 55th Tony Awards: "The Producers" and "Proof" win

  • 2001 Iraq announces that it will halt crude oil exports in response to the UN's resolution that extends the oil-for-food program by only 1 month, instead of the normal 6-month period

Television Premiere

2001 TV drama "Six Feet Under" created by Alan Ball, starring Peter Krause, Michael C. Hall and Frances Conroy premieres on HBO

US Women's Golf Open

2001 US Open Women's Golf, Pine Needles Lodge & GC: Defending champion Karrie Webb of Australia repeats by 8 strokes ahead of runner-up Se Ri Pak; largest margin in 21 years

Historic Publication

2003 Danielle Steel’s novel “Sunset in St. Tropez” is published

Historic Publication

2005 'The Knight of Sainte-Hermine' by Alexandre Dumas is published in France by Editions Phébus, completed by Claude Schopp, 135 years after the author's death.

  • 2006 The union of Serbia and Montenegro comes to an end with Montenegro's formal declaration of independence
  • 2007 USS Carter Hall (LSD-50) engages with pirates after they board Danish ship Danica White off the coast of Somalia

Sports History

2010 Canadian sportscaster Ron MacLean saves a man from drowning in the Delaware River in Philadelphia

  • 2012 Suicide car bombing kills 15 and inures 42 people in Bauchi, Nigeria
  • 2012 Plane crash in Lagos, Nigeria, kills all 152 passengers and 40 people on the ground

Golf Tournament

2012 Tiger Woods claims his 73rd PGA tour victory with a 2 stroke win over Andrés Romero & Rory Sabbatini in the Memorial Tournament at Muirfield Village GC; equals Jack Nicklaus's record

  • 2013 20 people, including 10 children, are killed by a suicide bombing in Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 2013 US extends sanctions against Iran through its automotive industry and currency
  • 2013 119 people are killed in a poultry farm fire in Jilin Province, China

Music Single

2013 Lorde releases her debut single "Royals" (Grammy Song of the Year, 2014)

  • 2014 Hashim Amla becomes the first non-white captain of the South African national cricket team

Historic Event

2014 President Obama announces his plan for a $1 billion fund to increase deployment of US troops to Europe

Music Single

2014 Dove Cameron releases a single, “Count Me In"

  • 2015 200 people are killed by an explosion at a gasoline station in Accra, Ghana
  • 2015 Dr. Jesse Selber performs the world's first partial-skull and scalp transplant at Houston Methodist Hospital
  • 2016 A week of heavy rains in Germany and France leave 10 dead and closing Paris museums along the Seine, including the Louve