On This Day

Historical Events on June 30

  • 296 St Marcellinus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 350 Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, is defeated and killed by troops of the usurper Magnentius, in Rome
  • 833 Louis crowned King of Austria
  • 949 Otto I the Great gives away bishopric of Utrecht "foreestrecht"
  • 1294 Jews are expelled from Berne, Switzerland
  • 1371 Arnold II of Horne chosen bishop of Utrecht
  • 1397 Denmark, Norway and Sweden sign Union of Kalmar under Queen Margaretha
  • 1422 Battle of Arbedo between the Duke of Milan and the Swiss cantons

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1520 Spanish conquistadors are expelled from Tenochtitlan following an Aztec revolt against their rule under Hernán Cortés during "La Noche Triste" (the Night of Sadness). Many soldiers drown in the escape, and Aztec emperor Montezuma II dies in the struggle

Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés
Spanish Conquistador
Hernán Cortés
  • 1528 Burgundian army occupies Utrecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1548 Augsburg Interim issued by Charles V becomes law - orders Lutherans to return to Catholic practices with some concessions

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1559 King Henry II of France is seriously injured in a jousting match against Gabriel de Montgomery

King of France Henry II
King of France
Henry II
  • 1596 English and Dutch fleet reach Cadiz
  • 1598 King Philip II moves to Escorial palace
  • 1607 Annales Ecclesiastici (Scientific History of Catholicism) published
  • 1643 Battle of Atherton Moor: Royalists beat parliamentary armies

  • 1648 French premier cardinal Mazarin calls Saint Louis Chamber together
  • 1651 The Deluge: Khmelnytsky Uprising - the Battle of Beresteczko ends with a Polish victory
  • 1688 Whig Lords questions prince William III of Orange on Protestantism
  • 1690 Battle of Beachy Head: French under Tourville beat Dutch/English fleet

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1700 Gelderland goes on Gregorian calendar (tomorrow is 12/7/1700)
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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
  • 1722 Hungarian Parliament condemns Emperor Charles VI's Pragmatic Sanctions
  • 1734 Russian army occupies Danzig
  • 1741 Pope Benedict XIV encyclical forbidding traffic in alms
  • 1755 Philippines close all non-catholic Chinese restaurants
  • 1758 Seven Years' War: The Battle of Domstadtl takes place
  • 1794 Battle of Fort Recovery, Ohio
  • 1815 US naval hero Stephen Decatur ends attacks by Algerian pirates
  • 1834 Congress creates Indian Territory (now Oklahoma)
  • 1851 Battle of Viervoet (Basotho-British war)
  • 1859 French acrobat Charles Blondin is 1st to cross Niagara Falls on a tightrope

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1860 Famous debate on Charles Darwin's theory of evolution held at the Oxford University Museum and dominated by arguments between Thomas Henry Huxley and Bishop Samuel Wilberforce

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1861 CSS Sumter slips past USS Brooklyn blockade
  • 1862 Battle of Glendale [Frayser's Farm], day 6 of 7 days battles, Virginia Confederate assault attack (US Civil War)
  • 1862 Gustave Flaubert completes "Salammbo"
  • 1863 Battles in Hanover, Pennsylvania: 80 casualties

  • 1863 Dutch colony Suriname counts population of 33,000 slaves
  • 1863 Skirmish at Sporting Hill Pennsylvania
  • 1865 8 alleged conspirators in assassination of Lincoln are found guilty
  • 1870 Ada Kepley becomes 1st American female law college graduate (Old University of Chicago, later Northwestern)
  • 1871 Guatemala revolts for agrarian reforms
  • 1876 Serbia declares war on Turkey
  • 1879 Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha leaves Cairo with train full of stolen goods
  • 1881 Henry Highland Garnet named minister to Liberia
  • 1893 Excelsior diamond (blue-white 995 carats) then world's largest, discovered in Jagersfontein Mine, South Africa
  • 1894 Korea declares independence from China, asks for Japanese aid
  • 1894 London's Tower Bridge opens
  • 1896 W S Hadaway patents electric stove
  • 1897 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: R.F. Doherty beats Harold Mahony 6-4 6-4 6-3 for the first of 4 titles
  • 1898 Winton Motor Carriage Company publishes the first known automobile ad in Scientific American using the headline “dispense with a horse.”
  • 1899 Jack Hearne takes a hat-trick Eng v Australia at Headingley
  • 1900 4 German liners burn at Hobokon Docks NJ, 326 die
  • 1902 Cleveland is 1st AL team to hit 3 consecutive HRs in same inning
  • 1902 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Laurence Doherty wins his first Wimbledon singles title beating defending champion Arthur Gore 6-4, 6-3, 3-6, 6-0
  • 1903 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothea Chambers beats Ethel Larcombe 4-6, 6-4, 6-2, the first of 7 titles
  • 1903 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Laurence Doherty beats Frank Riseley 7-5, 6-3, 6-0 for his second consecutive title
  • 1905 In Russia, the "Potemkin" arrives at Odessa, where sailors take the bodies of dead crewman ashore; sailors join civilians in revolutionary actions of the '1905 Revolution'
  • 1905 The crew of the Russian battleship "Georgei Pobiedonosets" mutinies in support of the "Potemkin", which mutinied three days earlier
  • 1905 Conservative Australian Prime Minister George H. Reid is forced to resign and Alfred Deakin returns to power on July 5
  • 1906 John Hope becomes 1st black president of Morehouse College

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 US Congress passes the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act; these laws owe much to the expose journalism of the period (Upton Sinclair's 'The Jungle' in particular)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908 Boston's Cy Young's 2nd no-hitter, beats NY Highlanders, 8-0

MLB Pitcher Cy Young
MLB Pitcher
Cy Young

RussiaTunguska Fireball

1908 A giant fireball, most likely caused by the air burst of a large meteoroid or comet flattens 80 million trees near the Stony Tunguska River in Yeniseysk Governorate, Russia, in the largest impact event in recorded history
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Downed Trees as a result of the Tunguska explosion in Russia in 1908
Downed Trees as a result of the Tunguska explosion in Russia in 1908

Sport awardWimbledon Women's Tennis

1908 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Charlotte Cooper Sterry wins her 5th and final Wimbledon title with a 6-4, 6-4 win over Agnes Morton

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • 1908 Wimbledon Mens' Tennis: Arthur Gore takes his 2nd of 3 Wimbledon titles beating Herbert Roper-Barrett 6-3, 6-2, 4-6, 3-6, 6-4
  • 1909 Jack Johnson fights Tony Ross to no decision in 6 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1910 Russia absorbs Finland
  • 1910 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: New Zealander Anthony Wilding beats Arthur Gore 6-4, 7-5, 4-6, 6-2 for his 1st of 4 consecutive Wimbledon singles titles
  • 1911 Adolphe Messimy appointed French minister of War
  • 1911 US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri closes
  • 1911 British Open Men's Golf, Royal St George's Golf Club: Harry Vardon wins his 5th Championship by 10 shots in a playoff with 1907 champion Arnaud Massy of France
  • 1913 NY Giants score 10 in 10th to beat Phillies 11-1
  • 1913 To increase the peacetime strength of the German Army, the Reichstag pass the Army and Finance Bills, a massive defense buildup

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Mahatma Gandhi's 1st arrest after campaigning for Indian rights in South Africa

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1916 US Open Men's Golf, Minikahda GC: Amateur Chick Evans leads wire-to-wire to set new Open scoring record and win his only Open title, 2 strokes ahead of runner-up Jock Hutchison

Battle of InterestBattle of the Somme

1916 British General Douglas Haig reports "The men are in splendid spirits" the day before the Battle of the Somme began
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A large mine placed by a British tunneling unit explodes under German positions on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. At the time it was one of the largest explosions ever and one of the loudest man-made noises.
A large mine placed by a British tunneling unit explodes under German positions on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. At the time it was one of the largest explosions ever and one of the loudest man-made noises.
  • 1918 Prominent US Socialist and Pacifist Eugene Debs is arrested on charges of denouncing the government, a violation of the Espionage Act of 1917
  • 1921 The South African Reserve Bank is established
  • 1924 England score 2-503 in day's play v South Africa at Lord's

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1924 J. B. M. Hertzog becomes Primes Minister, head of a coalition government between the National and Labour Parties in South Africa

South African Premier J. B. M. Hertzog
South African Premier
J. B. M. Hertzog
  • 1925 Charles Jenkins is granted the U.S. patent for Transmitting Pictures over Wireless (early television)
  • 1927 Augusto Cesar Sandino issues his Manifesto Politico
  • 1927 US Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota closes
  • 1928 Radio Service Bulletin lists radio stations call signs that are to be changed to conform with international standards

Sport awardUS Golf Open

1929 US Open Men's Golf, Winged Foot CC: Bobby Jones wins his third US Open title in a 36-hole playoff, dominating Al Espinosa by 23 strokes on the West Course

Golfer Bobby Jones
Bobby Jones
  • 1930 1st round-the-world radio broadcast Schenectady, NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 Don Bradman scores 254 for Australia at Lord's v England, 320 mins, 25 fours

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1933 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Olympia Fields CC: June Beebe beats Jane Weiller, 3 & 2 for golf's only major title
  • 1933 50,000 demonstrate in Antwerp against fascism/war
  • 1933 Card's Dizzy Dean strikes out 17 Cubs to win 8-2
  • 1933 US Assay Offices in Helena Mon, Boise ,Indiana and Salt Lake City Utah closes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 "Night of Long Knives" - Adolf Hitler stages a bloody purge of the Nazi party

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1934 French Equatorial Africa constituted a single administrative unit
  • 1934 NFL's Portsmouth Spartans become Detroit Lions
  • 1935 Danno O'Mahoney beats Ed George in Boston, to become wrestling champ
  • 1935 The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its first congress.
  • 1936 40 hour work week law approved for US federal employees

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie asks the League of Nations for sanctions against Italy

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1936 Margaret Mitchell's novel "Gone with the Wind" published

  • 1937 The world's first emergency call telephone service is launched in London using the number 999
  • 1938 Superman 1st appears in DC Comics' Action Comics Series issue #1
  • 1938 Final game at Phila's Baker Bowl, Giants beat Phils 14-1
  • 1939 Heinkel He 176 rocket plane flies for 1st time, at Peenemunde
  • 1940 "Brenda Starr, Reporter", 1st cartoon strip by a woman, Dale [Dalia] Messick, begins as a comic-book supplement to Chicago's Sunday Tribune
  • 1940 US Fish and Wildlife Service forms
  • 1940 German troops begin the invasion of the undefended Channel Islands
  • 1941 Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) declare Ukraine independent
  • 1941 World War II: Operation Barbarossa - Germany captures Lviv, Ukraine
  • 1942 Col-general Von Paul's 6th Army enters Ukraine
  • 1942 US Mint in New Orleans ceases operation
  • 1942 US bombs Celebes and Timor
  • 1942 U-boats sink and damage 146 allied ships this month (700,227 tons)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 General MacArthur begins Operation Cartwheel (island-hopping)

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1944 Allies land on Vogelkop, New Guinea
  • 1944 French Cotentin Peninsula in allied hands
  • 1944 Universal strike against Nazi terror in Copenhagen
  • 1944 World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces
  • 1945 17-day newspaper strike in NY begins
  • 1948 Cleveland Indian Bob Lemon no-hits Detroit Tigers, 2-0
  • 1948 Last British troops leave Israel
  • 1948 Transistor as a substitute for valves announced (Bell Labs)

  • 1949 Dutch troops evacuate Jakarta
  • 1950 US General MacArthur visits front in South Korea/asks for US troops
  • 1951 "Victor Borge Show" last airs on NBC-TV
  • 1951 NAACP begins attack on school segregation & discrimination
  • 1952 "Guiding Light" soap opera moves from radio to TV
  • 1952 Hussein Sirri Pasha forms Egyptian government
  • 1953 1st Chevrolet Corvette manufactured
  • 1954 Largest check: Internal US Treasury check at $4,176,969,623.57
  • 1954 Yank pitcher Tom Morgan ties record by hitting 3 batters in 1 inning This was also Bobby Brown's last game; he retired to become a doctor

Appears on tv showTelevision Debut

1955 "Johnny Carson Show" debuts on CBS-TV

Comedian and TV Host Johnny Carson
Comedian and TV Host
Johnny Carson
  • 1956 "Pipe Dream" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 245 performances
  • 1956 "Shangri-La" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 21 performances

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1956 Lenin's politics testament (1923) published in Moscow

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1956 United DC-7 & TWA collide over Grand Canyon killing 128
  • 1958 "No Chemise, Please" by Gerry Grenahan peaks at #24
  • 1958 Dutch government of Drees ends obligatory dismissal of married teachers
  • 1959 During a game in Wrigley Field, 2 balls were in play at same time
  • 1960 US stops sugar import from Cuba
  • 1960 Zaire (formerly Belgian Congo) declares independence from Belgium
  • 1961 Buddy Rogers beats Pat O'Conner in Chicago, to become NWA champ
  • 1961 NASA Explorer Micrometeoroid research mission fails to reach Earth orbit
  • 1962 US Open Women's Golf, Dunes Golf & Beach Club: Murle Lindstrom wins her first LPGA Tour victory, 2 strokes ahead of runners-up Ruth Jessen and Jo Ann Prentice
  • 1962 French Foreign Legion leaves Algeria
  • 1962 LA Dodger Sandy Koufax no-hits NY Mets, 5-0
  • 1962 Premier Ben Khedda disbands Algerian Liberation Army fighters
  • 1962 Rwanda and Burundi become independent

BeatificationPapal Inauguration

1963 Cardinal Montini elected Pope Paul VI, 262nd head of Roman Catholic Church

Pope Paul VI
Paul VI
  • 1963 Ciaculli massacre: A car bomb, intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco, kills seven police and military officers near Palermo
  • 1963 International Labour Organisation excludes South Africa from its two-day meeting because of its apartheid policies
  • 1964 Centaur 3 launch vehicle fails to make Earth orbit

  • 1964 Last UN troops leave Congo
  • 1965 NFL grants Atlanta Falcons a franchise
  • 1966 Beatles land in Tokyo for a concert tour
  • 1966 Leopoldville, Congo is renamed Kinshasa
  • 1966 Richard Helms promoted from deputy director to 8th director of US Central Intelligence Agency
  • 1966 Test cricket debut of Derek Underwood, v WI Trent Bridge, wicketless
  • 1966 Vice Adm William F Raborn Jr, USN, ends term as 7th director of CIA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Robert Henry Lawrence, Jr. named 1st black astronaut

  • 1967 Moise Tsjombe kidnapped to Algeria
  • 1967 Phillies Cookie Rojas pitches, plays 9th position since joining Phils
  • 1968 East German Communist Party leader Walter Ulbricht receives "Order of October Revolution"
  • 1968 Gaullists win French parliamentary election, 358 of 458 seats
  • 1969 Derek Clayton of Australia sets Marathon record at 2:08:34
  • 1969 Spain cedes Ifni to Morocco
  • 1969 In South Africa, General Laws Amendment Bill is passed; the Bill contains far-reaching provisions and restrictions affecting the administration of justice and the disclosure of evidence
  • 1970 Cincinnati's Riverfront Stadium opens, Braves beat Reds 8-2
  • 1971 Crew of Russian space mission Soyuz 11 found dead upon arrival on earth (only people to die in space)
  • 1971 Ohio becomes 38th state to approve of lower voting age to 18, thus ratifying 26th amendment
  • 1972 One leap second is added to the UTC time system; also 1981, 1982, 1983, 1985
  • 1972 Cincinnati Reds are 11 games back in NL, & go on to win pennant
  • 1972 Ulster Defence Association (UDA) begin to organise its own 'no-go' areas (this is a response to the continuation of Republican 'no-go' areas and fears about concessions to the IRA)
  • 1973 "Burns & Schreiber Comedy Hour" TV Variety; debut on ABC
  • 1973 Biggest US tanker "Brooklyn" christened (230,000 ton)
  • 1973 Observers aboard Concorde jet observe 72-min solar eclipse
  • 1974 Canadian Open Golf (Peter Jackson Classic), Candiac GC: Carole Jo Skala wins by 3 from JoAnn Carner
  • 1974 Petty thief Peter Leonard sets fire to cover burglary that torches "Gulliver's" nightclub killing 24 (Port Chester NY)
  • 1974 Soviet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov defects to west
  • 1975 Bundy victim Shelley Robertson disappears in Colorado
  • 1975 University of California reports galaxy 3C123 at 8 billion light years distance

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1975 Muhammad Ali retains his world heavyweight boxing crown by beating Englishman Joe Bugner by unanimous points decision in a re-match in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Muhammad Ali

  • 1976 John Walker of NZ sets record for 2000 m, 4:51.4

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Jimmy Carter cans B-1A bomber later "B-1's the B-52"

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Marvel Comics publish "Kiss book" tributing rock group Kiss

Comic-Book Artist and Marvel Creative Leader Stan Lee
Comic-Book Artist and Marvel Creative Leader
Stan Lee
  • 1977 US Railway Post Office final train run (NY to Washington, D.C.)
  • 1977 Yankee DH Cliff Johnson hit 3 consecutive HRs in Toronto
  • 1978 Giants' Willie McCovey becomes 12th to hit 500 HRs
  • 1978 Larry Doby becomes manager of Chicago White Sox
  • 1979 "Got To Go Disco" closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 8 performances

Appears on tv showTV Show Appearance

1979 johnny rotten and Joan Collins appear together on BBC TV's "Juke Box Jury"

Musician John Lydon
John Lydon
  • 1979 "Good Times" single released by Chic (Billboard Song of the Year 1979)
  • 1979 Davona Dale wins the Coaching Club American Oaks at Belmont to clinch American thoroughbred racing's Triple Tiara for fillies
  • 1980 West German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt visits Moscow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 China's Communist Party condemns late Mao Zedong's policy

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1981 Zwelakhe Sisulu, President of the Black Media Workers Association of South Africa, is detained
  • 1982 "Lena Horne: Lady, Music" closes at Nederlander NYC after 333 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 Federal Equal Rights Amendment fails 3 states short of ratification

Eagle Forum President Phyllis Schlafly
Eagle Forum President
Phyllis Schlafly
  • 1982 Orbiter Challenger (OV-099) rolled out at Palmdale
  • 1982 New Jersey NHL franchise officially named Devils by fan balloting; legend of the Jersey Devil, a creature that allegedly inhabited the Pine Barrens of South Jersey
  • 1984 Failed coup by cocaine growers in Bolivia