On This Day

Historical Events on June 5

Historic Event

70 Titus and his Roman legions breach the middle wall of Jerusalem

  • 754 Friezen robbers murder Bishop Boniface (later Saint) and over 50 companions near Dokkum
  • 1257 Kraków, Poland, receives city rights.

When The Bells Rang Out For Freedom

1284 Charles of Salerno is captured by Roger of Lauria during a naval battle in the Gulf of Naples, part of the Sicilian Vespers uprising

  • 1288 Battle of Worringen: Jan I, Duke of Brabant defeats army of Archbishop Siegfried II of Cologne, one of the largest and fiercest battles of the Middle Ages
  • 1305 Archbishop Bertrand the Got of Bordeaux elected Pope Clement V
  • 1507 England and Netherlands sign trade agreement
  • 1625 Spanish troops under Spinola conquer Breda

Victory in Battle

1632 Prince Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange conquers Roermond

Historic Event

1661 Isaac Newton admitted as a student to Trinity College, Cambridge

  • 1752 Prince William of Orange becomes Knight of Garter
  • 1794 US Congress passes the Neutrality Act, banning Americans from serving in foreign armed forces
  • 1798 The Battle of New Ross: The attempt to spread United Irish Rebellion into Munster is defeated

Historic Expedition

1799 Naturalists Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonpland set sail in the Pizarro from A Coruña and begin their 5 year Latin American expedition

  • 1805 1st recorded tornado in "Tornado Alley" (Southern Illinois)
  • 1806 1st trotter to break 3 minute mile (Yankee)
  • 1806 Batavian Republic becomes Kingdom of Holland
  • 1827 Turks capture the Acropolis and take Athens during the Greek War of Independence
  • 1829 HMS Pickle captures the armed slave ship Voladora off the coast of Cuba
  • 1832 Anti-monarchist forces launch an uprising in Paris, starting the unsuccessful June Rebellion
  • 1846 Telegraph line opens between Philadelphia and Baltimore
  • 1848 Statue of prince William the Silent, Prince of Orange by Lodewyk Royer unveiled in The Hague's Het Plein
  • 1849 Danish National Day, Denmark becomes a constitutional monarchy

Historic Publication

1851 Anti-slavery novel "Uncle Tom's Cabin" by Harriet Beecher Stowe first published in serial form in "The National Era"

  • 1855 Anti-foreign anti-Roman Catholic Know-Nothing Party's 1st convention
  • 1857 Walter Woodbury and James Page open photo studio in Batavia (Jakarta)
  • 1861 Federal marshals seize arms and gunpower at Du Pont works DE
  • 1863 Battle of Franklin's Crossing, Virginia (Deep Run)
  • 1863 CSS Alabama captures "Talisman" in the Mid Atlantic
  • 1864 Battle of Piedmont, Virginia (Augusta City)
  • 1869 3rd Belmont: C Miller aboard Fenian wins in 3:04.25
  • 1870 Great Fire of Pera in a district of Constantinople, the wealthiest part of the city, kills hundreds
  • 1872 Republican National Convention meets in Philadelphia
  • 1873 Sultan Bargash bin Said under British pressure closes the infamous slave market of Zanzibar in modern day Tanzania
  • 1875 Pacific Stock Exchange formally opens in San Francisco
  • 1876 Bananas become popular in US, at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia
  • 1878 American outlaw John Wesley Hardin convicted of the murder of Deputy Sheriff Charles Webb, sentenced to 25 years in prison
  • 1879 13th Belmont: George Evans riding Spendthrift wins in 2:42.75
  • 1882 Storm & floods hits Bombay; about 100,000 die
  • 1884 William Sherman refuses Republican presidential nomination saying "I will not accept if nominated & will not serve if elected"
  • 1886 20th Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aboard Inspector B wins in 2:41

Historic Event

1888 US Democrats nominate Grover Cleveland for president

  • 1888 Unusual Rio de la Plata Earthquake measures magnitude 5.5
  • 1900 Pretoria, capital of the Boer Republic of South Africa, falls to the British led by General Buller

Historic Event

1902 Emperor Wilhelm II responds to growing demands from Polish and other Slavic peoples living within German territory by calling for more 'Germanization' of the Slavs

Sports History

1902 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Liverpool GC: Scotsman Sandy Herd wins by 1 stroke from James Braid and Harry Vardon

  • 1906 Determined to keep pace with Britain as a major naval power, the German Reichstag passes new navy legislation, increasing the total tonnage in Germany's fleet
  • 1911 Red Sox Joe Wood strikes out 3 pinch hitters in 9th for 5-4 win
  • 1912 US marines invade Caimanera, Cuba
  • 1913 Dutch Disability laws go into effect
  • 1915 47th Belmont: George Byrne aboard The Finn wins in 2:18.6
  • 1915 Denmark amends its constitution to allow women's suffrage
  • 1916 The Sherif Hussein proclaims a revolt of the Arabs in the province of Hejaz, an action that undermines the Turkish Empire
  • 1917 10 million US men begin registering for draft in WW I

Historic Event

1920 1st rivet driven on Bank of Italy headquarters at 1 Powell in San Francisco (later Bank of America)

  • 1920 Philadelphia Athletics's VP Thomas Shibe denies charges that baseballs are livelier
  • 1922 The Banker's committee of the Reparations Commission refuses an international loan to Germany

US Golf Open

1925 US Open Men's Golf, Worcester CC: Scotsman Willie Macfarlane beats Bobby Jones by 1 stroke in a second 18-hole playoff for his only major title

  • 1926 Clevelands Indians baseball team triple-play NY Yankees & win 15-3

Sports History

1927 Johnny Weissmuller sets 100-yard & 200-yard free-style swim record

  • 1927 French Championships Men's Tennis: Hometown favourite Rene Lacoste wins 2nd of 3 French titles; beats Bill Tilden 6-4, 4-6, 5-7, 6-3, 11-9
  • 1927 32nd Women's French Championships: Kornelia Bouman beats Irene Peacock (6-2, 6-4)
  • 1929 Ramsey MacDonald forms minority Labour government in Britain
  • 1931 Jules Renkin becomes premier of Belgium
  • 1931 British Open Men's Golf, Carnoustie: American based Scotsman Tommy Armour outlasts José Jurado of Argentina by 1 stroke to win his only Open title and his 3rd and final major championship
  • 1933 US drops the Gold Standard when Congress enacts a joint resolution nullifying creditors right to demand payment in gold
  • 1933 French Championships Men's Tennis: Australian Jack Crawford wins his first and only French title; beats home favourite Henri Cochet 8-6, 6-1, 6-3
  • 1933 French Championship Women's Tennis: England's Margaret Scriven is first woman from that country to win the singles title in Paris; beats Simonne Mathieu 6-2, 4-6, 6-4
  • 1934 1st formal meeting of Baker Street Irregulars (NYC)
  • 1937 69th Belmont: Charley Kurtsinger aboard War Admiral wins in 2:28.6

Historic Event

1937 Henry Ford initiates a 32 hour work week

  • 1940 A synthetic rubber tire exhibited in Akron, Ohio by Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
  • 1940 American Negro Theater organizes
  • 1940 Battle of France begins in WW II
  • 1940 General Von Bock starts a German offensive in the Somme

Historic Event

1940 General Charles de Gaulle becomes French junior minister of Defense

  • 1940 Governor of Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles refuse entry to Jewish refugees
  • 1940 Netherlands rations petroleum

Sports History

1941 Sandor Szabo beats B Nagurski in St Louis, to become wrestling champ

  • 1941 World War II: At least 4,000 people who hid in a tunnel die after a Japanese air attack on the Chinese city of Chongqing
  • 1942 British offensive in North Africa under General Ritchie
  • 1942 An explosion at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant kills 48 people
  • 1942 USA declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary & Romania
  • 1943 75th Belmont: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 2:28.2
  • 1943 German occupiers arrest Louvain University's chancellor
  • 1943 Philippine President José P. Laurel survives assassination attempt after being shot 4 times with a 45 caliber pistol while playing golf at Wack Wack Golf Course in Mandaluyong
  • 1944 1st B-29 bombing raid; 1 plane lost due to engine failure

D-Day

1944 As part of Operation Tonga, the 1st British gliders touch down on French soil to prepare for the D-Day invasion

  • 1944 Allied forces march into Rome

Historic Event

1944 German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel goes on leave just before WWII D-Day landings by the Allies

Historic Event

1944 After receiving favorable weather reports, General Eisenhower decides to proceed with the D-Day invasion on June 6

Music Premiere

1945 Benjamin Britten's opera "Peter Grimes" premieres in London

  • 1945 USA, UK, USSR, France declare supreme authority over Germany
  • 1946 Fire at LaSalle Hotel cocktail lounge kills 61 in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1946 Eric de Noorman, a Dutch comic strip by Hans G. Kresse, is launched

Historic Event

1947 US Secretary of State George Marshall outlines the "Marshall Plan" to rebuild Western Europe

Baseball Record

1948 Phillies Richie Ashburn sets NL rookie consecut hitting streak at 23

  • 1948 "(Ghost) Riders in the Sky: A Cowboy Legend" single released by Stan Jones

Historic Event

1949 Enid Blyton's wooden toy character Noddy first appears in the "Sunday Graphic"

  • 1950 US Supreme Court undermines legal foundations of segregation

Boxing Title Fight

1952 1st sporting event televised nationally - Jersey Joe Walcott beats Ezzard Charles in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1952 Test Cricket debut of Freddie Trueman v India at Headingley
  • 1953 Denmark adopts a new constitution
  • 1953 US Senate rejects China People's Republic membership to UN
  • 1954 "Your Show Of Shows" last airs on NBC-TV

Catholic Encyclical

1954 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ecclesiae fastos

Sports History

1955 NY Yankee Mickey Mantle hits 550' HR off Chicago Billy Pierce

Television Finale

1956 "Milton Berle Show" last airs on NBC-TV

  • 1956 US Federal court rules racial segregation on Montgomery buses anti-Constitutional
  • 1957 NY narcotics investigator, Dr Herbert Berger, urges AMA to investigate use of stimulating drugs by athletes
  • 1959 Bob Dylan graduates from Hibbing High School in Minnesota

Historic Event

1959 The first independent government of the State of Singapore is sworn in with Lee Kuan Yew as Prime Minister

  • 1960 "George Gobel Show" last airs on CBS-TV
  • 1963 British Minister of War John Profumo resigns due to Christine Keeler scandal
  • 1963 Dutch Princess Marijke changes her name to Christina

Historic Siege

1963 State of siege proclaimed in Iran, Ayatollah Khomeini arrested

  • 1964 Rolling Stones 1st US concert tour (with Bobby Goldsboro & Bobby Vee) debuts in San Bernadino, California

Music Single

1964 Davie Jones & King Bees release debut single "I Can't Help Thinking About Me"; group disbands but Davie Jones goes on to success as David Bowie

  • 1965 "Wooly Bully" by Sam the Sham & Pharaohs hits #2
  • 1965 97th Belmont: John Sellers aboard Hail to All wins in 2:28.6
  • 1965 Lopez Arellano becomes president of Honduras
  • 1966 Cincinnati Red Leo Cardenas hits 4 HRs in a doubleheader

French Open Men's Tennis

1966 French Championships Men's Tennis: Australian Tony Roche wins his first and only Grand Slam title; beats István Gulyás of Hungary 6-1, 6-4, 7-5

French Open Women's Tennis

1966 French Championships Women's Tennis: Ann Haydon-Jones of England beats American Nancy Richey 6-3, 6-1 for her 2nd French singles crown

Six-Day War

1967 Six-Day War begins between Israel and the neighboring Arab states of Egypt, Jordan and Syria

  • 1967 American mass murderer Richard Speck sentenced to death in electric chair (later reversed, dies in prison)
  • 1967 WSBE TV channel 36 in Providence, RI (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 Royal Canadian Mint ordered to start converting 10 cent & 25 cent coins to pure nickel as soon as possible

Bobby Kennedy Gunned Down on Campaign Trail

1968 Palestinian Sirhan Sirhan shoots Robert F. Kennedy three times, who dies the next day. and wounds 5 others at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California

  • 1969 Dutch Antilles government of Kroon resigns
  • 1969 Race riot in Hartford, Connecticut
  • 1969 International communist conference begins in Moscow
  • 1970 KPAX TV channel 8 in Missoula, Montana (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1970 Chile becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
  • 1970 The Falls Road curfew in North Ireland, imposed by the British Army while searching for IRA weapons, is lifted after a march by women breaches the British Army cordon
  • 1971 103rd Belmont: Walter Blum aboard Pass Catcher wins in 2:30.6
  • 1971 French Open Women's Tennis: Evonne Goolagong wins her first career Grand Slam singles title; beats fellow Australian Helen Gourlay 6-3, 7-5
  • 1972 "If You Had Wings" ride opens at Walt Disney World
  • 1972 UN Conference on Human Environment opens in Stockholm

Historic Event

1972 Yugoslav president Josip Tito visits USSR

Sports History

1974 As' Reggie Jackson and Bill North engage in clubhouse fight at Detroit

  • 1975 48th US National Spelling Bee: Hugh Tosteson wins spelling incisor
  • 1975 United Kingdom electorate votes 67% to 33% in a referendum to remain part of the European Common Market

Historic Event

1975 Egyptian president Anwar Sadat reopens Suez Canal (closed since 1967)

  • 1975 The California Agricultural Labor Relations Act (CALRA), which establishes collective bargaining for farmworkers, becomes law
  • 1976 "Bigfoot" by Bro Smith hits #57

Sports History

1976 108th Belmont: Puerto Rican jockey Ángel Cordero Jr., riding Bold Forbes wins his only Belmont classic

  • 1976 Teton Dam in Idaho burst causing $1 billion damage (14 die)
  • 1976 After a suspected republican bombing kills 2 Protestant civilians in a pub, the Ulster Volunteer Force kill 5 civilians in a gun and bomb attack at the Chlorane Bar, North Ireland
  • 1977 31st NBA Championship: Port Trailblazers beat Philadelphia 76er, 4 games to 2
  • 1977 31st Tony Awards: Shadow Box & Annie win
  • 1977 Coup in Seychelles (National Day)
  • 1977 Los Angeles Dodgers retire Baseball Hall of Fame first baseman and manager Walter Alston's #24

French Open Men's Tennis

1977 French Open Men's Tennis: Guillermo Vilas of Argentina wins first career Grand Slam event; outclasses American Brian Gottfried 6-0, 6-3, 6-0

Historic Event

1977 National Council of Women of Kenya led by Wangari Maathai march to Kamukunji Park, Nairobi, and plant seven trees - beginning of the Green Belt Movement

  • 1979 Seychelles adopts constitution
  • 1980 Soyuz T-2 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6 space station

Sports History

1981 Astro's Nolan Ryan passes Early Wynn as all-time walk leader (1,777)

  • 1981 AIDS Epidemic officially begins when US Centers for Disease Control reports on pneumonia affecting five homosexual men in Los Angeles

Album Release

1981 George Harrison releases "Somewhere in England", his ninth studio album, includes John Lennon tribute "All Those Years Ago" (Featuring Paul and Ringo)

  • 1981 World's first today in history program with editable data "TODAY", invented by Michael Butler runs for the first time on a mainframe computer
  • 1982 "Murphy's Law" by Cheri hits #39
  • 1982 114th Belmont: Laffit Pincay Jr.aboard Conquistador Cielo wins in 2:28
  • 1982 Waterfront streetcar begins operating in Seattle

French Open Women's Tennis

1982 French Open Women's Tennis: Martina Navratilova beats American teenager Andrea Jaeger 7-6, 6-1 for her first French singles crown

  • 1983 37th Tony Awards: "Torch Song Trilogy" and "Cats" win

French Open Men's Tennis

1983 French Open: Home town favourite Yannick Noah wins his 1st and only career Grand Slam title; beats defending champion Mats Wilander of Sweden 6-2, 7-5, 7-6

Historic Event

1984 Indira Gandhi orders an attack on Sikh's holiest site, the Golden Temple in Amritsar

  • 1985 Steve Cauthen wins aboard Slip Anchor at Epsom Downs to become the only jockey to win both the Kentucky Derby (1978) and The Derby

Sports History

1986 SD Padre Steve Garvey ejected for 1st time

  • 1987 "Nightline" presents its 1st "Town Meeting" the subject is AIDS & the show runs until 3:47 AM

Sports History

1987 Dwight Gooden returns from drug rehabilitation & allows wins game

  • 1988 1st Children's Miracle Network Telethon raises $590,000
  • 1988 Kay Cottee sails into Sydney as 1st woman to circle globe alone
  • 1988 Longest champagne cork flight is 177'9 in NY
  • 1988 Russian Orthodox Church celebrates its 1,000th anniversary

French Open Men's Tennis

1988 French Open Men's Tennis: Mats Wilander of Sweden wins 3rd French title; beats home favourite Henri Leconte 7-5, 6-2, 6-1

Music City News Awards

1989 23rd Music City News Country Awards: Ricky Van Shelton & Randy Travis win

  • 1989 Billy Smith, last original NY Islander, retires
  • 1989 Paul McCartney releases "Flowers in the Dirt", his eighth solo studio album, featuring the Elvis Costello collaboration "My Brave Face"
  • 1989 Toronto Blue Jays Skydome stadium opens, Milwaukee Brewers win 5-3
  • 1991 Lesbian priest Elizabeth Carl ordained in Episcopal Church, Washington, D.C.

Nobel Prize

1991 Mikhail Gorbachev receives his 1990 Nobel Peace Prize

  • 1991 Space Shuttle STS 40 (Columbia 12) launched
  • 1993 "Livin' On The Edge" by Aerosmith hits #18
  • 1993 125th Belmont: Julie Krone aboard Colonial Affair wins in 2:29.8
  • 1993 Liberian Charles Taylors rebellion kills 550 fugitives
  • 1993 Somali warlord Aidids murders 23 Pakistani

French Open Women's Tennis

1993 French Open Women's Tennis: Germany's Steffi Graf wins her 3rd of 6 French singles titles; beats Mary Joe Fernández of the US 4-6, 6-2, 6-4

Music History

1994 Spalding Gray's one-man show "Gray's Anatomy" opens an encore run at Beaumont Theater, NYC; runs for 8 performances

  • 1994 7th Children's Miracle Network Telethon
  • 1994 French Open Men's Tennis: In an all-Spanish final Sergi Bruguera beats Alberto Berasategui 6-3, 7-5, 2-6, 6-1 for his second French title

Music City News Awards

1995 29th Music City News Country Awards: Alan Jackson & Reba McEntire win

Historic Event

1995 The Bose-Einstein condensate is first created

  • 1996 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Memphis, Tennessee, on WMFS 92.9 FM
  • 1998 A strike begins at the General Motors parts factory in Flint, Michigan, that quickly spreads to five other assembly plants (the strike lasted seven weeks)

Film Release

1998 "The Truman Show", starring Jim Carrey, Laura Linney, and Ed Harris, is released

  • 1998 NHL Western Conference Final: Detroit Red Wings beat Dallas Stars, 4 games to 2