On This Day

Historical Events on June 8

  • 65 Jews revolt against Rome, capturing fortress of Antonia in Jerusalem
  • 68 Roman Senate accepts emperor Galba

Historic Event

218 Elagabalus becomes the emperor of Rome

Historic Event

452 Italy invaded by Attila the Hun

  • 536 St Silverius begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 793 Vikings in long ships from modern-day Norway plunder St Cuthbert's monastery on Lindisfarne Island, off the northeast coast of England capturing and killing monks
  • 979 Louis V de Luie, crowned King of France

Historic Siege

1191 King Richard I of England arrives at Acre in modern day Israel to join the Siege of Acre during the Third Crusade

Execution

1405 Richard le Scrope, Archbishop of York and Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Norfolk, are executed in York on the King of England, Henry IV's orders

Excommunication

1551 Pope Julius III excommunicates Duke Ottario Farnese of Parma

  • 1624 Earthquake strikes Peru

Victory in Battle

1632 Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, conquers Sittard

  • 1663 Battle at Amegical: English & Portuguese fleet beats Spanish
  • 1690 Siddi general Yadi Sakat, razes the Mazagon Fort in Mumbai
  • 1694 English troops attack Brest (300 killed)
  • 1761 British fleet occupies Belle Île off the Brittany Coast

Historic Event

1779 Admiral Horatio Nelson and Captain Thomas Hardy on HMS Foudroyant set sail against Spanish fleet

  • 1783 Laki volcano in southern Iceland begins 8-month eruption, killing 10,000 and causing widespread famines throughout Asia and Europe
  • 1786 Commercially made ice cream 1st advertised (Mr Hall in NYC)

Music Premiere

1787 "Tarare" an opera by Antonio Salieri premieres at the Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin in Paris

Bill of Rights

1789 James Madison introduces a proposed Bill of Rights in the US House of Representatives

  • 1809 William Hyde Wollaston invents the first reflective goniometer
  • 1815 39 German states unite under Act of Confederation
  • 1817 An uprising involving three hundred workers in the English town of Pentrich begins but is quashed almost immediately
  • 1824 Washing machine patented by Noah Cushing of Quebec
  • 1829 1st UK municipal swimming pool outside of London opens in Liverpool
  • 1834 HMS Beagle sails from Port Famine to Cape Turn
  • 1846 Battle at Gwanga: British troops beat Bantu
  • 1856 Pitcairn Islanders arrive on Norfolk Island
  • 1861 US Sanitary Commission is given executive approval
  • 1861 American Civil War: Tennessee votes to secede from the Union
  • 1862 Valley Campaign-Battle of Cross Keys, Virginia
  • 1865 Tristanderl und Zusholde, premieres
  • 1869 Ives W. McGaffey of Chicago patents the 1st vacuum cleaner, calls it a "sweeping machine"
  • 1872 US Congress endorses penny post card
  • 1878 12th Belmont: L Hughes aboard Duke of Magenta wins in 2:43.5

Historic Event

1880 Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky delivers an emotional speech at the unveiling of a monument to Pushkin in Moscow

  • 1882 16th Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aboard Forester wins in 2:43
  • 1886 First Home Rule Bill for Ireland defeated by 343 votes to 313 in the British House of Common
  • 1887 Herman Hollerith receives a patent for his punch card calculator
  • 1889 Cable Cars begin service in LA
  • 1892 Homer A Plessy refuses to go to segregated RR car (Plessy v Ferguson)
  • 1896 First car thief; Baron de Zuylen’s Peugeot is stolen by his mechanic in Paris

Sports History

1899 British Open Men's Golf, Royal St George's GC: Harry Vardon of Jersey retains Open; wins 3rd title by 5 strokes from Jack White

Historic Event

1905 US President Theodore Roosevelt sends identical notes to Japan and Russia urging them to negotiate and end hostilities, offering his personal services

  • 1911 Belgium government of Schollaert falls
  • 1912 Carl Laemmle incorporates Universal Pictures.
  • 1914 34.7°F (1.5°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands
  • 1915 92°F (33.3°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands
  • 1916 Battle of Verdun: Germans capture Fort Vaux after several days of intense fighting
  • 1917 Walt Disney graduates from Benton High School
  • 1918 Nova Aquila, brightest nova since Kepler's nova of 1604, discovered
  • 1920 Reds' Edd Roush falls asleep in center during long infield argument Heinie Groh goes to wake him, but umpire ejects Roush for delay of game
  • 1928 1st US-to-Australia flight lands (Sir Charles Kingford)
  • 1929 61st Belmont: Mack Garner aboard Blue Larkspur wins in 2:32.8
  • 1929 Venezuelan rebel Rafael Urbina overthrows Fort Amsterdam, Curacao kidnap governor Fruytier
  • 1931 Suriname Work Committee under Louis Doedel forms in Paramaribo

Baseball Record

1933 A's first baseman Jimmie Foxx hits 3 consecutive home runs as Philadelphia outscores New York Yankees, 14 - 10; 4 straight HRs after Foxx had homered last time up the previous day

  • 1935 US Open Men's Golf, Oakmont CC: 25 year old club pro Sam Parks Jr, with no prior tournament wins, beats Scotsman Jimmy Thomson by 2 strokes
  • 1935 67th Belmont: Willie Saunders aboard Omaha wins in 2:30.6
  • 1937 World's largest flower blooms in NY Botanical Garden, 12' calla lily
  • 1938 Gert Terblanche, a local school boy, discovers fossils of an unknown 'robust-type' human ancestor, later named Paranthropus robustus by Robert Broom, at Kromdraai, Blaauwbank River Valley in South Africa
  • 1940 72nd Belmont: Fred A Smith aboard Bimelech wins in 2:29.6
  • 1940 Discovery of element 93, neptunium, announced
  • 1940 Last British troops leave Narvik, Norway
  • 1941 British & French troops overthrow pro-German Syria

Music Recording

1942 Bing Crosby records "Silent Night"

  • 1944 1st SS-Panzer Korps counter attacks at Normandy
  • 1944 Allies occupy Port-en-Bessin Normandy
  • 1944 Dutch Resistance fighter Frans Duwaer arrested
  • 1944 General Montgomery lands in Normandy, sets up HQ in Chateau de Creully

Musical Finale

1946 Raymond Scott and Bernard Hanighen's musical "Lute Song", starring Mary Martin, Yul Brenner, and Nancy Davis, and directed by John Houseman, closes at Plymouth Theater, NYC, after 142 performances

Historic Event

1946 Sukarno calls for anti colonial defiance in Indonesia

  • 1948 Revival of Jerome Kerns' musical "Sally" closes at Martin Beck Theater, NYC, after 36 performances
  • 1948 John Rudder becomes 1st negro commissioned officer in US marines

Television Premiere

1948 "Texaco Star Theater" premieres on NBC-TV, with "Mr. Television" Milton Berle made permanent emcee in September of the same year

  • 1949 Siam changes name to Thailand

Nineteen Eighty-Four Published

1949 Secker & Warburg publishes George Orwell's seminal novel "Nineteen Eighty-Four", set in the totalitarian state of Oceania

  • 1950 Boston Red Sox rout St Louis Browns, 29-4 at Fenway Park; set 6 MLB records including runs scored and most total bases, 60
  • 1950 Jean Duvieusart becomes Belgian premier
  • 1950 Test Cricket debut of famous West Indian spin twins Alf Valentine and Sonny Ramadhin in 1st Test v England at Manchester; Valentine takes 8-104 on Day 1 but WI lose by 202 runs
  • 1950 Sir Thomas Blamey becomes the only Field Marshal in Australian history.
  • 1953 Cluster of 6 tornadoes touches down in Flint, Michigan killing 113
  • 1953 Segregated lunch counters in DC forbidden by Supreme Court

Sports History

1955 L.A. Dodgers option pitcher (and future Baseball Hall of Fame manager) Tommy Lasorda to make room on roster for future Hall of Famer, pitcher Sandy Koufax

  • 1956 Lim Yem Hock forms Singapore government
  • 1956 WDAM TV channel 7 in Laurel-Hattiesburg, MS (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Richard B. Fitzgibbon, Jr. killed by another USAF airman in Vietnam, becoming the first American killed in the Vietnam War

LPGA Championship

1958 LPGA Championship, Churchill Valley CC: Mickey Wright wins first of 13 major titles by 6 strokes from Fay Crocker

  • 1959 1st official "missile mail" lands (Jacksonville, Florida)
  • 1959 X-15 makes 1st unpowered flight, from a B-52 at 11,500 m
  • 1960 1st date in James Clavell's novel "Nobel House"
  • 1961 Test cricket debut of future Australian captain Bill Lawry, 1st Test v England in Birmingham

Baseball Record

1961 Milwaukee sets record of 4 consecutive HRs (Eddie Mathews, Hank Aaron, Joe Adcock & Frank Thomas)

  • 1962 Jim Beatty runs world record 2 mile (8:29.8)
  • 1963 "Mr President" closes at St James Theater NYC after 265 performances
  • 1963 95th Belmont: Braulio Baeza aboard Chateaugay wins in 2:30.2
  • 1963 American Heart Association is 1st agency to campaign against cigarettes
  • 1964 "The Little Old Lady (from Pasadena)", recorded by 1960s American pop singers, Jan and Dean, is released
  • 1965 MLB Draft: Kansas City Athletics A's select Arizona State University outfielder Rick Monday #1; inaugural MLB Draft
  • 1965 US troops ordered to fight offensively in Vietnam
  • 1965 USSR launches Luna 6; it missed the Moon by 99,000 miles
  • 1966 NFL & AFL announce plans to become NFC and AFC in 1970
  • 1966 Topeka, Kansas is devastated by a tornado that registers as an "F5" on the Fujita Scale: the first to exceed US$100 million in damages. Sixteen people are killed, hundreds more injured, and thousands of homes damaged or destroyed.
  • 1967 Israel attacks USS Liberty in Mediterranean, killing 34 US crewmen
  • 1968 Bermuda adopts its constitution

Baseball Record

1968 Don Drysdale pitches a record 58th consecutive scoreless inning

  • 1968 Gary Puckett and Union Gap release "Lady Will Power"

Historic Event

1968 James Earl Ray, alleged assassin of Martin Luther King Jr., captured

  • 1968 New colonial constitution for Bermuda adopted
  • 1968 Rolling Stones release "Jumpin' Jack Flash"

Assassination

1968 The body of assassinated U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy is laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery

French Open Women's Tennis

1968 French Open Women's Tennis: American Nancy Richey beats Ann Haydon-Jones 5-7, 6-4, 6-1 for her second and last Grand Slam singles title

  • 1969 "Smothers Brothers comedy Hour" last airs on CBS-TV
  • 1969 21st Emmy Awards: "Get Smart", Don Adams and Susan St James win

Music History

1969 Brian Jones is asked to leave The Rolling Stones

Historic Event

1969 General Franco closes Spain's frontier with Gibraltar

  • 1969 KDNL TV channel 30 in Saint Louis, MO (IND) begins broadcasting

Sports History

1969 MLB legend Mickey Mantle gives his farewell retirement speech during "Mickey Mantle Day" at Yankee Stadium, 60,096 see #7 retired

  • 1969 Nixon says 25,000 US troops would leave Vietnam by end of August
  • 1969 Rolling Stones guitarist Mick Taylor replaces Brian Jones

French Open Men's Tennis

1969 French Open Men's Tennis: Rod Laver wins second leg of his 2nd Grand Slam; beats fellow Australian Ken Rosewall 6-4, 6-3, 6-4

  • 1970 MLB players union and management end labor dispute, raising minimum salary to $12,000
  • 1971 North Vietnam demands US end aid to South Vietnam
  • 1971 White Sox draft Danny Goodwin #1, he refuses to sign
  • 1971 General Officer Commanding the British Army Harry Tuzo, then claims that a permanent military solution to the 'troubles' in Northern Ireland could not be achieved
  • 1972 Padres draft Dave Roberts #1, Indians draft Rick Manning #2

Sports History

1972 Test Cricket debut of Tony Greig, v Australia at Old Trafford (57/62)

  • 1973 Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco appointed premier of Spain
  • 1974 106th Belmont: Miguel Rivera aboard Little Current wins in 2:29.2
  • 1974 Keyboardist Rick Wakeman quits rock group "Yes" (for the first time)
  • 1974 US and Saudi Arabia sign military-economic contract
  • 1975 2 passenger trains collided near Munich, Germany killing 35
  • 1975 USSR launches Venera 9 for Venus landing
  • 1976 Houston Astros draft Floyd Bannister #1

Contract of Interest

1976 Bobby Orr signs a five-year contract with the Chicago Blackhawks

Baseball Record

1977 MLB California Angels pitcher Nolan Ryan notches his 4th career 19-strikeout game, in 10-inning, 2-1 win over visiting Toronto Blue Jays

  • 1978 51st National Spelling Bee: Peg McCarthy wins spelling deification
  • 1978 Braves draft Bob Horner #1

Historic Event

1978 Nevada jury rules Howard Hughes "Mormon Will" is a forgery

  • 1979 "The Source," 1st computer public information service, goes on-line
  • 1979 Mariners draft Al Chambers #1
  • 1979 Wings release "Back to the Egg" album
  • 1980 "It's So Nice to Be Civilized" closes at Martin Beck NYC after 8 performances
  • 1980 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Jack Nicklaus GC: South African Sally Little wins first of her 2 major titles, 3 strokes ahead of runner-up Jane Blalock
  • 1980 34th Tony Awards: Children of a Lesser God & Evita win

French Open Men's Tennis

1980 French Open Men's Tennis: Björn Borg of Sweden wins 3rd straight French title; beats American Vitas Gerulaitis 6-4, 6-1, 6-2

  • 1981 15th Music City News Country Awards: Mandrell Sisters win
  • 1981 Seattle Mariners draft Mike Moore #1
  • 1982 36th NBA Championship: LA Lakers beat Philadelphia 76ers, 4 games to 2
  • 1982 Brazilian B-727 flight crashes into mountain; 135 die

Daytime Emmy Awards

1982 Emmy 9th Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 3rd time

  • 1982 Falklands War: Royal Fleet Auxiliary Sir Gahalad attacked in San Carlos Water ("Bomb Alley") by Argentine aircraft: 48 soldiers and crewman were killed.

Historic Event

1982 US President Ronald Reagan addresses the British Parliament in his "ash heap of history" speech

  • 1983 "Trading Places", American comedy film, is released
  • 1983 Charlos Vieira begins 191 hr "nonstop" cycling in Leiria, Portugal
  • 1983 East German sprinter Marlies Göhr sets world record for 100m (10.81) in Berlin, Germany
  • 1984 Homosexuality is declared legal in the state of New South Wales, Australia

Film Release

1984 "Ghostbusters", American supernatural comedy film, directed and produced by Ivan Reitman, starring Bill Murray, Dan Aykroyd, HArold Ramis, and Ernie Hudson is released

  • 1984 "Gremlins", American comedy horror film, is released
  • 1985 117th Belmont: Eddie Maple aboard Creme Fraiche wins in 2:27

French Open Women's Tennis

1985 French Open Women's Tennis: Chris Evert beats Martina Navratilova 6-3, 6-7, 7-5 for her 17th Grand Slam title and 6th French singles crown

  • 1986 "Big Deal" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 70 performances
  • 1986 40th NBA Championship: Boston Celtics beat Hous Rockets, 4 games to 2

Election of Interest

1986 Alleged Nazi Kurt Waldheim elected President of Austria

  • 1986 Longest 9 inning AL game (4h16m), Baltimore Orioles beat Yankees 18-9
  • 1986 Iraqi jets attack Assadabad satellite station in Afghanistan

French Open Men's Tennis

1986 French Open Men's Tennis: Czech star Ivan Lendl wins 3rd career Grand Slam title; beats Mikael Pernfors of Sweden 6-3, 6-2, 6-4

Historic Event

1987 Oliver North's secretary Fawn Hall testifies at Iran-Contra hearing

  • 1987 New Zealand's Labour government legislates against nuclear weapons and nuclear powered vessels in NZ. Only nation to legislate against nuclear power.
  • 1988 Nippon Airways announces that painting eyeballs on Jets cut bird collisions by 20%
  • 1989 Pirates score 10 in 1st (their best inning since 1942), prompts Pirate broadcaster Jim Rooker to say he would walk from Pitts to Philadelphia if Pirates lost, Phillies beat them 15-11, Rooker walks at end of season
  • 1990 "It's Garry Shandling's Show" last airs on Fox-TV
  • 1990 Phil Bradley hits 18th inside-the-park HR in Oriole history
  • 1991 "Our Country's Good" closes at Nederlander Theater NYC after 48 performances
  • 1991 123rd Belmont: Jerry Bailey aboard Hansel wins in 2:28
  • 1991 College World Series: Louisiana State defeats Wichita State 6-3
  • 1991 Former NY Jet Mark Gastineau wins 1st pro boxing fight in 12 seconds
  • 1991 Victory parade following success in the Gulf War is held in Washington, D.C.
  • 1991 Warren Schutte is 1st non American to win NCAA Division 1 golf title

Music City News Awards

1992 26th Music City News Country Awards: Alan Jackson & Garth Brooks win

  • 1992 NY Yankee pitcher Steve Howe is banned from baseball for 7th time
  • 1992 Thomas Klestil succeeds Kurt Waldheim as president of Austria
  • 1993 Premier Marc Bazin of Haiti resigns

Album Release

1993 Drag queen RuPaul releases his debut album "Supermodel of the World"

  • 1994 7.8 earthquake strikes North Bolivia
  • 1994 Mass murderer Joel Rifkin sentenced to 27 years
  • 1995 "Buttons on Broadway" opens at Ambassador Theater NYC for 40 performances
  • 1995 Downed U.S. Air Force pilot Captain Scott O'Grady is rescued by U.S. Marines in Bosnia.
  • 1996 128th Belmont: Rene Douglas aboard Editor's Note wins in 2:28.96
  • 1996 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1996 Australian cricketer Dean Jones takes career-best 5-112 for Derbyshire v Hampshire
  • 1996 Lloyd and Titchard complete 358 stand for 4th wkt Lancs v Essex
  • 1996 PBA National Championship Won by Butch Soper
  • 1996 Panama becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty

Lady Godiva

1996 Revival of the legendary procession of Lady Godiva (Godgifu) naked through Coventry, England