On This Day

Historical Events on June 9

Roman Empire

68 Roman Emperor Nero commits suicide, imploring his secretary Epaphroditos to slit his throat to evade a Senate-imposed death by flogging

  • 641 Arabic/Islamic army contrasts with the Hippo over Alexandria
  • 721 Odo of Aquitaine defeats a Umayyad Muslim army at the Battle of Toulouse
  • 922 French Republic chooses Robert I, King of France

Victory in Battle

1075 Battle at Homburg/Unstrut: German King Henry IV beats Saksen

  • 1310 Duccio's Maestà Altarpiece, a seminal artwork of the early Italian Renaissance, is unveiled and installed in the Siena Cathedral in Siena, Italy
  • 1456 23rd recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 1525 Tax revolt in Hertogenbosch
  • 1529 Zurich declares war on Catholic kantons

Treaty of Interest

1531 Pope Clemens VII and Francois I sign secret treaty against the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V

Historic Event

1534 Jacques Cartier 1st sails into mouth of St Lawrence River

Book of Common Prayer

1549 Book of Common Prayer is adopted by the Church of England

  • 1572 Willem van Oranges army occupies Gelderland
  • 1628 1st deportation from what is now US, Thomas Morton from Massachusetts
  • 1650 The Harvard Corporation, the more powerful of the two administrative boards of Harvard, is established. First legal corporation in the Americas.
  • 1720 Sweden and Denmark signs 3rd Treaty of Stockholm
  • 1732 Royal charter for Georgia granted to James Oglethorpe
  • 1742 Battle of Bloody Marsh-Spanish assault on Simons Island, Georgia
  • 1752 French army surrenders to the British in Trichinopoly, India
  • 1772 1st Protestant church west of Pennsylvania (in Ohio) holds communion
  • 1772 1st naval attack of Revolutionary War takes place in Providence, Rhode Island
  • 1784 John Carroll appointed supervisor of US Catholic Missions
  • 1789 Spanish capture British schooner Northwest America near Vancouver Island
  • 1790 1st book copyrighted under constitution, "Philadelphia Spelling Book"

Historic Event

1803 British explorer Matthew Flinders arrives in Sydney becoming the first person to circumnavigate Australia, proving it is one continent [1]

  • 1815 End of the Congress of Vienna: New European political situation is set
  • 1822 Charles Graham of New York patents porcelain false teeth
  • 1851 San Francisco Committee of Vigilance forms (1st time)
  • 1856 500 Mormons leave Iowa City, Iowa, and head west for Salt Lake City, Utah, carrying all their possessions in two-wheeled handcarts
  • 1860 1st US "dime novel" published: "Malaseka, The Indian Wife of the White Hunter," by Mrs Ann Stevens
  • 1862 Battle of Port Republic, last of 5 battles in Stonewall Jacksons Shenandoah Valley campaign, won by the Confederates
  • 1863 Battle of Brandy Station, Virginia (Fleetwood, Beverly Ford)
  • 1868 1st meeting of Board of Regents, University of California

Historic Event

1869 Charles E. Hires sells his 1st root beer, in Philadelphia

Meeting of Interest

1870 US President Ulysses S. Grant meets with Sioux Chief Red Cloud at The White House in Washington, D.C.

  • 1873 Alexandra Palace in London burns down, after being open for only 16 days
  • 1877 11th Belmont: C Holloway aboard Cloverbrook wins in 2:46
  • 1883 17th Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aboard George Kinney wins in 2:42.5
  • 1887 21st Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aboard Hanover wins in 2:43.5
  • 1888 22nd Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aboard Sir Dixon wins in 2:40.25
  • 1890 Comic opera "Robin Hood" by Reginald De Koven, Harry B. Smith, and Clement Scott premieres in Chicago

Historic Event

1891 French painter Paul Gauguin arrives in Papeete, Tahiti

  • 1892 26th Belmont: W Hayward aboard Patron wins in 2:12
  • 1898 China leases Hong Kong's new territories to the United Kingdom for 99 years

Sports History

1898 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Harry Vardon of Jersey wins 2nd title by 1 stroke from dual champion Willie Park Jr

  • 1898 Second Convention of Peking leases the "New Territories" of Hong Kong to United Kingdom for 99 years rent-free, expiring on 30 June 1997

Boxing Title Fight

1899 American boxer James J. Jeffries KOs defending champion Bob Fitzsimmons of England in 11th round in Brooklyn, New York to win the lineal World Heavyweight title

  • 1900 In China, Boxers destroy the race course in Peking, a few miles from the legations and the center and symbol of diplomatic social life and Western privilege
  • 1901 NY Giants get record 31 hits to beat Cincinnati Reds 25-13
  • 1902 1st Automat restaurant opens at 818 Chestnut St, Philadelphia

Sports History

1905 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Scotsman James Braid wins his 2nd Open title 5 strokes ahead of runners-up Rowland Jones and J.H. Taylor

  • 1906 Boston Beaneaters (NL) end 19-game losing streak beat Cards 6-3

Historic Event

1908 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits Tsar Nicholas II at Reval, Russia, where the two discuss the growing power of Germany and British plans for reform in Macedonia

  • 1909 Alice Huyler Ramsey, 22-year-old housewife from Hackensack, New Jersey, becomes the 1st woman to drive across the US, in a Maxwell 30, drives 3,800 miles from Manhattan to San Francisco in 59 days
  • 1910 A passenger on SS Arawatta throws bottle with note overboard (found June 6, 1983 in Queensland)

Baseball Record

1914 Pittsburgh Pirate baseball shortstop Honus Wagner is 2nd player to get 3,000 hits

Historic Event

1915 William Jennings Bryan quits as US Secretary of State

Historic Event

1915 US President Woodrow Wilson sends 2nd Lusitania note to Germany protesting sinking of the Lusitania and refuting German claim British blockade illegal

  • 1919 General steel strike in France
  • 1919 Red Army captures Ufa in Russia
  • 1922 First ringing of the Harkness Memorial Chime at Yale University

Sports History

1923 55th Belmont: Earl Sande riding Zev wins in 2:19

  • 1923 Brinks unveils 1st armored security vans
  • 1923 Bulgarian premier Stamboeliski & King Boris III overthrown
  • 1924 "Jelly-Roll Blues" is recorded by jazz pioneer pianist and composer Jelly Roll Morton
  • 1928 60th Belmont: Clarence Kummer aboard Vito wins in 2:33.2
  • 1928 Charles Kingsford-Smith & Charles Ulm are 1st to fly across the Pacific when they end their flight from California to Brisbane
  • 1929 Venezuelan rebel Urbina lets Dutch/Curacaose hostages free

World Record

1930 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 6 mile (29:36.4)

Historic Event

1930 Chicago Tribune reporter Jake Lingle is killed during rush hour at the Illinois Central train station by the Leo Vincent Brothers, allegedly over a $100,000 USD gambling debt owed to Al Capone.

Historic Invention

1931 First rocket-powered aircraft design patented by Robert Goddard

  • 1933 Spanish president Niceto Alcalá-Zamora takes power

Sports History

1933 Walter Johnson takes over as Cleveland manager

  • 1934 1st appearance of Donald Duck in a cartoon, "The Wise Little Hen"
  • 1934 US Open Men's Golf, Merion Cricket Club: Olin Dutra overcomes an 8-stroke deficit after 36 holes to win his second major title by 1 stroke from Gene Sarazen
  • 1934 66th Belmont: Wayne D Wright aboard Peace Chance wins in 2:29.2
  • 1935 Ho-Umezu Agreement: the Republic of China, under KMT administration, recognizes Japanese occupations in Northeast China.
  • 1940 US Open Men's Golf, Canterbury GC: Lawson Little defeats Gene Sarazen by 3 strokes in an 18-hole playoff to win his only professional major title
  • 1941 Ammunition plant at Fort Smederovo in Belgrade explodes; kills 1,500
  • 1941 Archbishop De Young bans priests cooperating with Rijks radio
  • 1942 Adipatie Ario Soejono becomes minister in Gerbrandy government
  • 1942 German-Netherlands press reports, 3 million Dutch sent to East-Europe
  • 1943 "Pay-as-you-go" (withholding) US income tax deductions authorized
  • 1944 Soviet offensive in Carelia, Finland
  • 1945 Warner Bros cartoon "A Gruesome Twosome" starring Tweety premieres in USA
  • 1945 -10] Australian troops land in Brunei Bay, North Borneo

Sports History

1945 71st Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Hoop Jr scores his third of record 5 Derby wins

Sports History

1945 Following an 8-7 win over the Phils, Brooklyn manager Leo Durocher is arrested on a complaint by a fan that Durocher slugged him

  • 1946 19 guests at Canfield Hotel die in fire (Dubuque, Iowa)
  • 1946 66,545 fans help Yanks break million attendance mark, the earliest

Historic Event

1946 Bhumibol Adulyadej becomes King of Thailand after the death of his brother King Ananda Mahidol

Boxing Title Fight

1946 Joe Louis KOs Billy Conn in 8 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1946 New York Giant Mel Ott becomes first manager in MLB history to be ejected from both games of a doubleheader; Giants lose both games to Pittsburgh Pirates
  • 1948 WBZ TV channel 4 in Boston, MA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1949 Georgia Neese Clark of Kansas becomes 1st woman treasurer of US
  • 1951 "Doodles Weaver Show" debuts on NBC-TV

Television Finale

1953 Milton Berle's TV show "Texaco Star Theater" last airs on NBC-TV

  • 1953 South African premier D. F. Malan visits the Netherlands
  • 1953 Worcester County tornado kills 94 injures 1310 and leaves 10,000 homeless

Historic Event

1954 Joseph Welch asks US Senator Joseph McCarthy "Have you no sense of decency, sir?" during Senate-Army hearings

  • 1955 Temperature reaches 100°F in Seattle, Washington, the then hottest day on record
  • 1955 Test Cricket debut of Ken Barrington, v South Africa at Trent Bridge
  • 1956 Heavy earthquake strikes Afghanistan, 400 killed
  • 1957 First ascent of Broad Peak (the world's 12th highest mountain).
  • 1958 "Purple People Eater" by Sheb Wooley hits #1

Historic Event

1958 HM Queen Elizabeth II officially opens London Gatwick Airport, (LGW), Crawley, West Sussex, United Kingdom.

  • 1959 1st ballistic missile sub launched (George Washington-Groton, Ct)
  • 1960 ABC and AFL sign a 5 year contract
  • 1960 Typhoon Mary in China kills at least 1,600
  • 1961 Ryne Duren sets AL record with 7 straight strikeouts against Red Sox
  • 1962 Warner Bros "Bill of Hare" with Bug Bunny premieres in USA
  • 1962 94th Belmont: Bill Shoemaker aboard Jaipur wins in 2:28.8

Music Concert

1962 Singer Tony Bennett makes his Carnegie Hall concert debut, NYC

  • 1963 1st Sunday night game in baseball SF Giants lose to Houston Colts 3-0

TV Show Appearance

1963 Barbra Streisand appears, for her third time, on "The Ed Sullivan Show"

  • 1964 Lal Bahadur Shastri becomes Prime Minister of India after being selected by the ruling Congress Party after Jawaharlal Nehru passed away
  • 1965 Frenchman, Machal Jazy, runs record mile in 3:53.6

Baseball Record

1966 5 Minnesota Twins (Rich Rollins, Zolio Versailes, Tony Oliva, Don Michner, & Harmon Killebrew) all homer in 7th inning to beat A's 9-4

  • 1967 Boycott scores 246* v India, Leeds, 573 minutes, 29 fours 1 six
  • 1967 Israeli troops reach Suez Canal
  • 1967 The Monkees appear at the Hollywood Bowl

Historic Event

1968 Yugoslav president Tito promises reforms

French Open Men's Tennis

1968 French Open Men's Tennis: In an all-Australian final Ken Rosewall beats Rod Laver 6-3, 6-1, 2-6, 6-2; first Grand Slam of Open Era allowing professional players to compete

  • 1969 Brian Jones leaves the Rolling Stones after developing a serious drug problem
  • 1969 Warren Burger confirmed as US Chief Justice
  • 1970 Argentine military junta under Juan Carlos Lanusse ousts President Juan Carlos Onganía

Music History

1970 Bob Dylan given honorary Doctorate of Music at Princeton University

  • 1970 Harry Blackmun sworn in as US Supreme Court Justice
  • 1971 Abdul Zahir appointed premier of Afghanistan

Music History

1971 Paul McCartney's album "Ram" goes gold

  • 1972 14" of rain in 6 hrs burst Rapid City SD dam, drowns 237

Music History

1972 Bruce Springsteen signs a record deal with Columbia Records

  • 1972 In a show of support for Iraq, OPEC moves to prevent companies whose interests were nationalized in Iraq from increasing production elsewhere
  • 1973 105th Belmont: Ron Turcotte aboard Secretariat wins in 2:24, becoming the 1st Triple Crown winner in 25 years
  • 1975 107th Belmont: Bill Shoemaker aboard Avatar wins in 2:28.2
  • 1975 Fire in prison hospital at Sanford, Florida, kills 10 prisoners and 1 guard
  • 1975 UK House of Commons is broadcast live by radio for first time
  • 1975 Tony Orlando & Dawn receives gold record for "He Don't Love You"
  • 1977 50th National Spelling Bee: John Paola wins spelling cambist
  • 1977 Silver jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain celebrated with fireworks

Historic Event

1978 Johannes Gutenberg's Bible, the first book produced using the printing press, (1 of 21 complete versions) sells for $2.4 million, London

Boxing Title Fight

1978 Larry Holmes beats Ken Norton in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1978 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) strikes down 148 year policy of excluding black men from priesthood
  • 1979 111th Belmont: Ruben Hernandez aboard Coastal wins in 2:28.6
  • 1979 Michael Cairney topples a record row of 169,713 dominoes
  • 1979 Phillies wear burgundy uniforms for 1st and last time
  • 1979 Willie Horton is honored at Seattle's Kingdome

Music City News Awards

1980 14th Music City News Country Awards: Statler Brothers & Loretta Lynn win

Film & TV History

1980 Comedian Richard Pryor suffers severe burns from free basing cocaine

  • 1980 Phillies and SF Giants end their game at 3:11 AM
  • 1980 Soyuz T-2 returns to Earth

Historic Event

1982 General Efraín Rios Montt declares himself President of Guatemala

  • 1982 Israel wipes out Syrian SAM missiles in Bekaa Valley
  • 1983 56th National Spelling Bee: Blake Giddens wins spelling purim

Election of Interest

1983 Margaret Thatcher's Conservative Party wins British parliamentary election

  • 1983 Zimbabwe win their 1st one-day cricket international, v Australia
  • 1984 Cyndi Lauper gets her first US #1 hit with "Time After Time"
  • 1984 "Laserphonic Fantasy" premieres
  • 1984 116th Belmont: Laffit Pincay Jr.aboard Swale wins in 2:27.2
  • 1984 Donald Duck's 50th birthday celebrated at Disneyland
  • 1984 Jurgen Hingsen of West Germany sets record for decathlon, 8,798 pts
  • 1984 NASA suffers a launch vehicle failure launching Intelsat 509
  • 1984 Polygram's Hanover Germany plant produces its 10 millionth CD

Music History

1984 Weird Al Yankovic gives a live performance at Starlight Amphitheater

French Open Women's Tennis

1984 French Open Women's Tennis: Martina Navratilova beats Chris Evert 6-3, 6-1; 2nd women in Open Era to hold all 4 Grand Slam titles at once

NBA Finals

1985 NBA Championship, Boston Garden: Los Angeles Lakers beat Boston Celtics, 111-100 for a 4 games to 2 series victory; Finals MVP: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar

  • 1985 American Thomas Sutherland is kidnapped & held hostage in Lebanon
  • 1985 USSR's Vega 1 deposits lander on surface of Venus

French Open Men's Tennis

1985 French Open Men's Tennis: Sweden's Mats Wilander wins 4th career Grand Slam title; beats Czech star Ivan Lendl 3-6, 6-4, 6-2, 6-2

Sports History

1986 In a clash of future Baseball Hall of Fame starting pitchers California Angel Don Sutton (298 wins) beats Tom Seaver of the Chicago WS (306 wins), 3-0 at Comiskey Park

  • 1986 Dow Jones-index hits record 45.71 points
  • 1986 Rogers Comm report on Challenger disaster blames Morton Thiokol
  • 1988 "Bloodsport (1987)" premieres in Germany
  • 1988 US Attorney General Edwin Meese orders Joseph Doherty deported to UK
  • 1989 "Star Trek V: The Final Frontier" premieres in USA
  • 1989 Rare tornado in Philadelphia kills 1
  • 1990 122nd Belmont: Michael Kinane aboard Go & Go wins in 2:27.2

Baseball Record

1990 Dodger Eddie Murray ties Mickey Mantle with baseball's switch hit HRs in 10 games

Music History

1990 Michael Jackson is hospitalized with inflamed rib cartilage, in California

French Open Women's Tennis

1990 French Open Women's Tennis: Monica Seles of Yugoslavia wins her first Grand Slam singles title; beats Steffi Graf 7-6, 6-4

Album Release

1990 Red Hot Organization releases music album "Red Hot + Blue" featuring contemporary pop stars (including U2; Annie Lennox; Thompson Twins; Sinéad O'Connor; Tom Waits) performing songs of Cole Porter to raise awareness and money to fight AIDS/HIV

  • 1991 Jack La Lanne, 76, arrested for suspicion of DWI
  • 1991 1st WLAF World Bowl, Wembley Stadium, London: London Monarchs beat Barcelona Dragons, 21-0

French Open Men's Tennis

1991 French Open Men's Tennis: Jim Courier wins first career Grand Slam title; beats fellow American Andre Agassi 3-6, 6-4, 2-6, 6-1, 6-4

  • 1991 Senior Players Championship Men's Golf, TPC of Michigan: Jim Albus wins his only career major title by 3 strokes from New Zealander Bob Charles, Charles Coody and Dave Hill
  • 1993 "Amantes" (1991) premieres in France
  • 1993 "Body Snatchers" (1993) premieres in France
  • 1993 "Ce que femme veut" (1993) premieres in France
  • 1993 "Passion Fish" (1992) premieres in France
  • 1993 "Tout capour ca!" (1993) premieres in France
  • 1993 "What's Love Got to Do with It" (1993) premieres
  • 1993 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Canadiens beat LA Kings, 4-1 for a 4-1 series win; Canadiens' 24th SC Championship
  • 1993 Tickets for Indians 1st season in Jacobs Field go on sale
  • 1994 "Hudsucker Proxy" premieres in Germany
  • 1994 5.6 earthquake strikes southern Mexico
  • 1994 Angolan plane bombs school in Waku Kungo (89 killed)
  • 1995 "The Brady Bunch Movie" based on the 1970s TV series premieres in UK
  • 1995 Congo (1995) premieres in USA