Historical Events on March 1

Events 1 - 200 of 326

  • 752 BC Romulus, first king of Rome, celebrates the first Roman triumph after his victory over the Caeninenses, following the Rape of the Sabine Women
  • 86 BC Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army, enters Athens, removing the tyrant Aristion who was supported by troops of Mithridates VI of Pontus
  • 293 Roman emperor Maximianus introduces tetrarchy (rule of four people) elevating Galerius and Constantius Chlorus to Caesar

Roman Empire

317 Crispus and Constantine II, sons of Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius the younger, son of Emperor Licinius, raised to rank of Caesar

  • 492 Gelasius I elected Catholic Pope; in office until his death in 496
  • 492 St Felix III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 705 John VII begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 743 The Roman Council at Estinnes decrees that Christian slaves may not be owned by Jews, fearing that the slaves may convert to Judaism
  • 918 Balderik becomes bishop of Utrecht
  • 1260 Hulagu Khan, grandson of Genghis, conquers Damascus
  • 1382 Maillotin uprising against taxes in France
  • 1420 Pope Martinus I calls for crusade against the Hussite protestants
  • 1457 The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination.

1st New Testament in Greek Published

1516 Printing is completed of Erasmus' "Novum Instrumentum omne", first published New Testament in Greek

  • 1562 Blood bath at Vassy: Francois de Guise's troops open fire on Huguenot congregation, first event in Wars of Religion
  • 1565 Portuguese soldier Estácio de Sá founds the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Drake's Plunder

1579 British admiral and explorer Francis Drake surprises and captures the Spanish treasure ship 'Nuestra Señora de la Concepción' off the coast of Peru, Drake's richest plunder [1]

  • 1587 Puritan English parliamentary leader Sir Peter Wentworth confined in London Tower

French History

1591 Pope Gregory XIV threatens to excommunicate French King Henry IV

  • 1593 The Uppsala Synod is summoned to confirm the exact forms of the Lutheran Church of Sweden.

English History

1628 Writs are issued in February by Charles I of England mandating that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date

New France

1633 Samuel de Champlain reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu

  • 1634 Battle at Smolensk: Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats Russians
  • 1642 Georgeana (York) in Maine becomes the 1st incorporated American city

Salem Witch Trials

1692 Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne, & Tituba arrested for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts

The Spectator

1711 Richard Steele and Joseph Addison publish the 1st edition of "The Spectator" in London to "enliven morality with wit, and to temper wit with morality"

  • 1780 Pennsylvania becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for newborns only)

Articles of Confederation

1781 Continental Congress officially adopts the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States of America after ratification by the 13th state, Maryland

  • 1785 Philadelphia Society for the Promotion of Agriculture organized
  • 1790 1st US census authorized
  • 1792 US Presidential Succession Act passed
  • 1796 1st National Meeting in the Hague
  • 1803 Ohio becomes 17th state of the Union
  • 1809 Embargo Act of 1807 (USA) repealed & Non-Intercourse Act signed
  • 1811 Egyptian king Muhammad Ali Pasha oversees ceremonial murder of 500
  • 1811 French Civil Code of Criminal law accepted by Netherlands Mamelukes in Cairo's Citadel
  • 1815 Sunday observance in Netherlands regulated by law

Reform Bill

1831 Lord John Russell introduces the Reform Bill in the British House of Commons on the government's behalf to revamp the electoral system of England and Wales and increase the franchise

  • 1840 Adolphe Thiers becomes prime minister of France
  • 1843 5th Grand National: Tom Olliver aboard 12/1 Vanguard wins; first year race run as a handicap

Annexation of Texas

1845 US President John Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas

  • 1847 Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)
  • 1848 10th Grand National: Capt. Josey Little aboard 12/1 Chandler wins; race marred by fatal falls of 3 competitors
  • 1852 Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
  • 1854 16th Grand National: John Tasker wins aboard race favourite Bourton at 4/1
  • 1854 German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg.
  • 1854 SS City of Glasgow leaves Liverpool harbour with approximately 480 passengers and crew; she was never seen again
  • 1859 Present seal of San Francisco adopted (its 2nd)
  • 1864 Louis Ducos du Hauron patents movie machine (never built)
  • 1864 Rebecca Lee in the US becomes 1st African American woman to receive a medical degree

War of the Triple Alliance

1866 War of the Triple Alliance: Paraguayan canoes sink two Brazilian ironclads on the Rio Paraná

  • 1867 Howard University, Washington, D.C., chartered
  • 1867 Most of Nebraska becomes 37th US state (expanded later)
  • 1869 US Postage stamps showing scenes issued for 1st time. These pictorials showed a post horse and rider, a locomotive, a shield, an eagle and a ship, the Adriatic.

Battle of Cerro Corá

1870 War of the Triple Alliance finally ends with the Battle of Cerro Corá and the death of Paraguayan Dictator Francisco Solano López after over 5 years of bloodshed between Paraguay and Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay

  • 1871 J Milton Turner named US minister to Liberia
  • 1872 Yellowstone becomes the world's 1st national park
  • 1873 E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter
  • 1875 US Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883
  • 1876 Guernsey Cattle Club forms (Farmington Conn)
  • 1878 First winter ascent of Aneto, highest mountain in the Pyrenees
  • 1879 Library of Hawaii founded
  • 1886 The Anglo-Chinese School in Singapore is founded by Bishop William Oldham.

Sherlock Holmes

1890 1st US edition of Sherlock Holmes' first story "A Study in Scarlet" by Arthur Conan Doyle published

  • 1893 Diplomatic Appropriation Act, authorizes the US rank of ambassador

Battle of Adwa

1896 Battle of Adwa: 80,000 Ethiopians destroy 20,000 Italians in Ethopia, killing two generals and capturing General Matteo Albertone

Radioactivity Discovered

1896 Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity

  • 1903 Major League Baseball Rules Committee rule that pitcher's mound must not be more than 15 inches higher than the baselines or home plate
  • 1909 1st US university school of nursing established, University of Minnesota
  • 1910 118 die when three passenger trains buried at Steven's Pass, Wa, in Cascade Range by the worst snow slide in US history
  • 1910 National Baseball Commission prohibits giving mementos to players on winning World Series teams; decision later reversed, making way for traditional winners' watches, rings, and stickpins
  • 1912 Isabella Goodwin appointed first US woman detective, NYC
  • 1912 U.S. Army Captain Albert Berry performs first (attached-type) parachute jump from an airplane
  • 1913 1First state law requiring bonding of officers & state employees, ND

Admiral Beatty

1913 David Beatty becomes Rear-Admiral Commanding the Royal Navy's 1st Battlecruiser Squadron

  • 1914 Dutch Minister of War Hendrikus Colijn named director of British Petroleum
  • 1914 The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • 1916 Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic
  • 1917 1st federal land bank chartered in USA
  • 1917 US government releases the plain text of the "Zimmermann Telegram" to the public
  • 1919 Future Hockey Hall of Fame center Newsy Lalonde sets a playoff record with 5 goals in the Canadiens' 6-3 win over Ottawa in NHL Championship Game 3 in Montreal
  • 1919 The March 1st, or Samil Movement, begins in Korea: it is a demonstration of resistance to Japanese occupation
  • 1920 Buriat ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
  • 1920 Miklós Horthy is elected Regent of Hungary, which had adopted a constitution on 28 February
  • 1921 Rwanda ceded to Great Britain
  • 1921 Sailors revolt in Kronstadt, Russia
  • 1921 Spin bowler Arthur Mailey takes 5 for 119 (record 36 wickets for series) to lead Australia to a 9 wicket 5th Test win over England in Sydney; first ever, 5-0 Ashes cricket series win for Australia
  • 1923 Allies occupy Ruhrgebied: killing railroad striker
  • 1924 Germany's prohibition of Communist Party KPD lifted

Event of Interest

1927 Bank of Italy (later Bank of America) becomes an American National Bank

Ol' Man River

1928 Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra record "Ol' Man River" for Victor Records featuring Bing Crosby

  • 1932 12 pro-independence revolutionaries captured in and around Chittagong in Bengal province, British India are sentenced to deportation for life, two to three-year prison terms with the remaining 32 being acquitted.

Lindbergh kidnapping

1932 The "Lindbergh kidnapping", 20 month old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh kidnapped from home in East Amwell, New Jersey, found dead 12 May

  • 1933 Bank holidays declared in 6 states, to prevent run on banks
  • 1934 Henry Pu Yi crowned Emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria

Boxing Title Fight

1934 Italian boxer Primo Carnera beats American challenger Tommy Loughran by unanimous points decision at Madison Square Garden, NYC for the NYSAC and NBA heavyweight titles

  • 1936 A strike occurs aboard the S.S. California, leading to the demise of the International Seamen's Union and the creation of the National Maritime Union.
  • 1936 Boulder (Hoover) Dam fully completed
  • 1937 1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Ct)
  • 1937 Governor Wouters innaugrates the radio station on the Dutch Antilles
  • 1937 US Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day
  • 1938 Federal Trade Commission orders 8 manufacturers and the PGA of America to end their practice of golf ball price-fixing
  • 1939 Japanese Imperial Army ammunition dump exploded at Hirakata, Osaka, Japan, killing 94
  • 1940 Richard Wright's novel "Native Son" is published
  • 1941 1st US commercial FM radio station goes on the air, Nashville, Tennessee

Captain America

1941 Captain America created by cartoonists Joe Simon and Jack Kirby is first published by Timely Comics (premiere issue released on December 20, 1940)

  • 1941 Former University of Notre Dame star fullback Elmer Layden is named first Commissioner of the NFL
  • 1941 German troops invade Bulgaria

German History

1941 Himmler inspects Auschwitz concentration camp

  • 1941 Rangers' goalie Dave Kerr becomes the 5th goaltender in NHL history to record 200 career victories when New York wins, 3-1 over the Canadiens at Montreal
  • 1942 3 day Battle of Java Sea ends, US suffers a major naval defeat
  • 1942 J Milton Cage Jr's "Imaginary Landscape No 3" premieres in Chicago
  • 1942 Japanese troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java
  • 1942 Major League Baseball owners decide not to allow players in the military to play for their clubs when on furlough

Event of Interest

1942 Tito establishes 2nd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia

  • 1943 Jewish old age home for disabled in Amsterdam raided
  • 1944 Massive strikes in northern Italian towns
  • 1944 U-358 sinks in Atlantic
  • 1945 British 43rd Division under General Hubert Essame occupies Xanten
  • 1945 Chinese 30th division occupies Hsenwi
  • 1945 US infantry regiment captures Mönchengladbach
  • 1946 British government nationalises and takes control of the Bank of England, after 252 years
  • 1946 Panama accepts its new constitution
  • 1947 International Monetary Fund begins operation

Baseball History

1947 MLB Cleveland Indians owner Bill Veeck sets up spring training camp in racially tolerant Phoenix, AZ in anticipation of signing team's first black players; Larry Doby is first acquisition later in the season

Boxing Title Fight

1949 Former world heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis retires with a 66-3-0 record including 52 KOs; defended the title a record 25 times

  • 1949 Indonesia seizes Yogyakarta from the Dutch

Event of Interest

1950 Chiang Kai-shek resumed the presidency of National China on Taiwan

Event of Interest

1950 Klaus Fuchs sentenced in London to 14 years for atomic espionage

  • 1950 USSR issues golden roubles
  • 1952 Egyptian government-Ali Maher Pasha resigns
  • 1952 Helgoland, in North Sea, returned to West Germany by Britain

Film & TV History

1953 After an all-night movie and dinner session with his top advisers, Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses. He dies four days later.

Golf Tournament

1953 American golfer Babe Zaharias wins a controversial Sarasota Women's Open by 7 strokes as playing partner Louise Suggs refuses to sign the scorecard after Zaharias given a beneficial ruling

  • 1953 KAUZ TV channel 6 in Wichita Falls, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 KTNT (now KSTW) TV channel 11 in Tacoma-Seattle, WA (IND) begins
  • 1953 WFBG TV (later WTAJ) channel 10 in Altoona, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 WJZ-AM in NYC becomes WABC; WJZ-TV in Baltimore final transmission
  • 1954 4 Puerto Ricans open fire in US House of Representatives injuring 5 members

Sports History

1954 Future Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder Ted Williams fractures his collarbone on the first day of Boston Red Sox spring training; injury keeps him out of Boston lineup until May 15

  • 1954 Rebellion in Egypt during visit of president Naguib to Khartoum, Sudan, 30 die

Castle Bravo Nuclear Test

1954 US explodes Castle Bravo, a 15 megaton hydrogen bomb at Bikini Atoll, which accidentally became the most powerful nuclear device ever detonated by the US

  • 1955 Israeli assault on Gaza, kills 48
  • 1955 KFAR (now KATN) TV channel 2 in Fairbanks, AK (ABC/NBC) 1st broadcast
  • 1955 Pakistan and India play out a draw in the 5th cricket Test at the National Stadium in Karachi; 5 Test series drawn 0-0
  • 1956 "Crazy Arms" single released by Ray Price - his 1st no.1 (Billboard Song of the Year 1956)
  • 1956 The International Air Transport Association finalizes a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization.
  • 1957 "Ziegfeld Follies of 1957" opens at Winter Garden NYC for 123 performances
  • 1957 Kokomo the Chimp becomes Today Show animal editor
  • 1957 KTWO TV channel 2 in Casper, WY (NBC/ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting

Cricket Record

1958 21 year old West Indian cricket all-rounder Garfield Sobers turns his maiden Test century into a world record 365no in the Windies' 3rd Test win over Pakistan in Kingston, Jamaica; Sobers and Conrad Hunte (260) 446 run partnership for 2nd wicket

  • 1958 Samuel Alphonsus Stritch, is appointed Pro-Prefect of the Propagation of Faith and thus becomes the first American member of the Roman Curia
  • 1959 Archbishop Makarios returns to Cyprus after 3 years
  • 1961 Cellist Jacqueline du Prés debut in Wigmore Hall

Event of Interest

1961 US President JFK establishes the Peace Corps

  • 1962 American Airlines 707 plunges nose first into Jamaica Bay, NY, killing 95
  • 1962 Kresge Corporation openes the first Kmart store in Garden City, Michigan
  • 1962 US and British nuclear test experiment in Nevada
  • 1963 200,000 French mine workers strike

Olympic Gold

1965 Australian swimming authorities suspend triple Olympic gold medal winning sprinter Dawn Fraser for 10 years for misconduct at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics

  • 1965 Gas explosion kills 28 in apartment complex in La Salle, Quebec
  • 1965 WPSX TV channel 3 in Clearfield, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1966 Ba'ath-party takes power in Syria
  • 1966 Venera 3 becomes 1st man-made object to impact on a planet (Venus)
  • 1967 Dominica & St Lucia gain independence from Britain
  • 1967 MLB Commissioner William Eckert approves the Baseball Writers Association of America's plan to name a Cy Young Award recipient from both the National and American Leagues
  • 1967 Queen Elizabeth Hall in London's South Bank Centre opens
  • 1967 US House of Representatives expels Rep Adam Clayton Powell Jr (307 to 116)
  • 1967 WMET (now WHSW) TV channel 24 in Baltimore, MD (IND) 1st broadcast

Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat

1968 Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice's musical "Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat" first performed as a 15-minute pop cantata at Colet Court School in London

  • 1968 High winds blow-off the Philadelphia Spectrum's roof, forcing the Flyers to play their final month of the NHL season on the road, with home games moved to Toronto, NYC and Quebec City
  • 1968 NBC's unprecedented on-air announcement, Star Trek will return
  • 1968 Pirate Radio Atlantis South (England) begins test transmitting
  • 1968 Political Party Radikalen (PPR) established in Netherlands
  • 1968 Vatican City's Apostolic Constitution of 1967 goes into effect
  • 1969 "Red, White, & Maddox" closes at Cort Theater NYC after 41 performances
  • 1969 After 88 weeks, the Beatles' album "Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" drops off the charts

Music History

1969 Jim Morrison allegedly exposes himself on stage at the Dinner Key Auditorium in Miami, Florida

Sports History

1969 New York Yankees legend Mickey Mantle announces his retirement due to persistent knee injuries; finishes 18-season career with 536 home runs and .298 batting average

NHL Record

1969 Phil Esposito has a goal and assist in Boston Bruins' 8-5 win over NY Rangers to give him 99 points for the season, breaking the NHL record for most points in a season (97) held by Stan Mikita

  • 1969 Pirate Radio 259 begins operation off the French coast
  • 1969 Tuesdee Testa becomes the first female jockey to win a race at a major American Thoroughbred track when she takes out the 3rd race at Santa Anita Park aboard Buz On

Sports History

1970 Boston's Bobby Orr becomes the first defenseman in NHL history to score 25 goals in a season during a 3-1 Bruins win over the visiting St. Louis Blues


1970 Charles Manson's album "Lie" is released

  • 1970 Dutch speed skater Atje Keulen-Deelstra becomes Women's Allround World Champion at West Allis, Wisconsin, US, winning her first of four titles
  • 1970 End of US commercial whale hunting
  • 1970 Kreisky's Social Democrats win Austrian parliamentary election
  • 1970 Minnesota coach Charlie Burns becomes the final player/coach in NHL history, when he plays in the North Stars' 8-0 win over Toronto Maple Leafs; remains in role for final month of the season
  • 1971 Bomb attack on the Capitol in Washington, D.C.
  • 1971 Clandestine Radio Deutsche Reich (Germany) begins transmitting on FM
  • 1972 Club of Rome publishes report "Boundaries on the Growth"
  • 1972 David Rabe's "Sticks & Bones" premieres in NYC
  • 1972 KHMA TV channel 11 in Houma, LA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1972 Two Catholic teenagers shot dead by the Royal Ulster Constabulary while 'joy riding' in a stolen car in Belfast

Dark Side of the Moon

1973 Harvest (UK) and Capitol Records (US) release Pink Floyd's 8th studio album "Dark Side of the Moon"; it stays on Billboard Top 200 Album charts for most of the next 14 years, selling over 50 million copies worldwide

  • 1973 Robyn Smith rides North Sea to victory in the Paumanok Handicap at Aqueduct Race Track in NYC to become the first American female jockey to win a stakes race

Cricket Record

1974 Australian cricketing brothers Ian (145) and Greg Chappell (162no) record 264 partnership in 1st Test draw vs New Zealand at Wellington; Ian (121) and Greg (133) double up with centuries in 2nd innings

Music Concert

1974 George Harrison announces his concert tour of US in November

  • 1974 Watergate grand jury indicts 7 presidential aides