Historical Events on March 1

Events 1 - 200 of 289

  • 752 BC Romulus, first king of Rome, celebrates the first Roman triumph after his victory over the Caeninenses, following the Rape of the Sabine Women
  • 86 BC Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army, enters Athens, removing the tyrant Aristion who was supported by troops of Mithridates VI of Pontus
  • 293 Roman emperor Maximianus introduces tetrarchy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

317 Crispus and Constantine II, sons of Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius Iunior, son of Emperor Licinius, are made Caesares

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 492 St Felix III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 492 St Gelasius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 705 John VII begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 743 Slave export by Christians to heathen areas prohibited
  • 918 Balderik becomes bishop of Utrecht
  • 1260 Hulagu Khan, grandson of Genghis, conquers Damascus
  • 1382 Maillotin uprising against taxes in France
  • 1420 Pope Martinus I calls for crusade against the Hussite protestants
  • 1457 The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination.

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1516 Printing is completed of Erasmus' "Novum Instrumentum omne", first published New Testament in Greek

Humanist and Theologian Erasmus
Humanist and Theologian
  • 1562 Blood bath at Vassy: Francois de Guise's troops open fire on Huguenot congregation, first event in Wars of Religion
  • 1565 Portuguese soldier Estácio de Sá founds the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

  • 1587 Puritan English parliamentary leader Sir Peter Wentworth confined in London Tower

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1591 Pope Gregory XIV threatens to excommunicate French King Henry IV

  • 1593 The Uppsala Synod is summoned to confirm the exact forms of the Lutheran Church of Sweden.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1628 Writs are issued in February by Charles I of England mandating that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1633 Samuel de Champlain reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu.

French Explorer Samuel de Champlain
French Explorer
Samuel de Champlain
  • 1634 Battle at Smolensk: Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats Russians
  • 1642 Georgeana (York) Maine became the 1st incorporated American city
  • 1692 Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne, & Tituba arrested for witchcraft in Salem, Massachussets
  • 1711 "The Spectator" begins publishing (London)
  • 1780 Pennsylvania becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for newborns only)
  • 1781 Articles of Confederation ratified by 13th state, Maryland
  • 1781 Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation
  • 1784 E Kidner opens 1st cooking school, in Great Britain
  • 1785 Philadelphia Society for the Promotion of Agriculture organized
  • 1790 1st US census authorized
  • 1792 US Presidential Succession Act passed
  • 1796 1st National Meeting in the Hague
  • 1803 Ohio becomes 17th state of the Union
  • 1809 Embargo Act of 1807 (USA) repealed & Non-Intercourse Act signed
  • 1811 Egyptian king Muhammad Ali Pasha oversees ceremonial murder of 500
  • 1811 French Civil Code of Criminal law accepted by Netherlands Mamelukes in Cairo's Citadel
  • 1815 Sunday observance in Netherlands regulated by law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1831 Lord John Russell introduces the Reform Bill in the British House of Commons on the government's behalf to revamp the electoral system of England and Wales and increase the franchise

British Prime Minister John Russell
British Prime Minister
John Russell
  • 1840 Adolphe Thiers becomes prime minister of France.
  • 1843 5th Grand National: Tom Olliver aboard Vanguard wins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1845 US President John Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas

10th US President John Tyler
10th US President
John Tyler
  • 1847 Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)
  • 1848 10th Grand National: Capt. Josey Little aboard Chandler wins
  • 1852 Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
  • 1854 SS City of Glasgow leaves Liverpool harbour with apprpx 480 passengers and crew; she was never seen again
  • 1854 German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg.
  • 1854 16th Grand National: John Tasker aboard Bourton wins
  • 1859 Present seal of San Francisco adopted (its 2nd)
  • 1864 Louis Ducos du Hauron patents movie machine (never built)
  • 1864 Rebecca Lee in the US becomes 1st African American woman to receive a medical degree
  • 1866 Paraguayan canoes sink 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana
  • 1867 Howard University, Washington, D.C., chartered
  • 1867 Most of Nebraska becomes 37th US state (expanded later)
  • 1869 US Postage stamps showing scenes issued for 1st time. These pictorials showed post horse and rider, a locomotive, a shield an eagle, and a ship, the Adriatic
  • 1871 J Milton Turner named US minister to Liberia
  • 1872 Yellowstone becomes world's first national park
  • 1873 E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter
  • 1875 US Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883
  • 1876 Guernsey Cattle Club forms (Farmington Conn)
  • 1878 First winter ascent of Aneto, highest mountain in the Pyrenees
  • 1879 Library of Hawaii founded
  • 1886 The Anglo-Chinese School in Singapore is founded by Bishop William Oldham.
  • 1890 1st US edition of Sherlock Holmes (Study in Scarlet) published
  • 1893 Diplomatic Appropriation Act, authorizes the US rank of ambassador
  • 1896 Battle of Adwa: 80,000 Ethiopians destroy 20,000 Italians in Ethopia

InventionScientific Discovery

1896 Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Henri Becquerel
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Henri Becquerel
  • 1904 England regains cricket Ashes taking a 3-1 series lead v Australia
  • 1909 1st US university school of nursing established, University of Minnesota
  • 1910 118 die when three passenger trains buried at Steven's Pass, Wa, in Cascade Range by the worst snow slide in US history
  • 1912 U.S. Army Captain Albert Berry performs first (attached-type) parachute jump from an airplane
  • 1912 Isabella Goodwin appointed first US woman detective, NYC
  • 1913 1First state law requiring bonding of officers & state employees, ND

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 David Beatty becomes Rear-Admiral Commanding the Royal Navy's 1st Battlecruiser Squadron

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • 1914 Dutch Minister of war H Colijn named director of British Petroleum
  • 1914 The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • 1916 Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic
  • 1917 1st federal land bank chartered in USA
  • 1917 US government releases the plain text of the "Zimmermann Telegram" to the public
  • 1919 The March 1st, or Samil Movement, begins in Korea: it is a demonstration of resistance to Japanese occupation
  • 1920 Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Admiral Horthy
  • 1920 Buriat ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
  • 1920 Nikolaus Horthy is elected Regent of Hungary, which had adopted a constitution on 28 February
  • 1921 Australia Cricket team complete 5-0 drubbing of England
  • 1921 Rwanda ceded to Great Britain
  • 1921 Sailors revolt in Kronstadt, Russia
  • 1923 Allies occupy Ruhrgebied: killing railroad striker
  • 1924 Germany's prohibition of Communist Party KPD lifted
  • 1927 Bank of Italy (later Bank of America) becomes an American National Bank

Music releaseMusic Recording

1928 Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra record "Ol' Man River" for Victor Records featuring Bing Crosby

Singer and Actor Bing Crosby
Singer and Actor
Bing Crosby
  • 1932 12 pro-independence revolutionaries captured in and around Chittagong in Bengal province, British India are sentenced to deportation for life, two to three-year prison terms with the remaining 32 being acquitted.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 The "Lindbergh kidnapping", 20 month old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh kidnapped from home in East Amwell, New Jersey, found dead 12 May

Aviation Pioneer and Author Anne Morrow Lindbergh
Aviation Pioneer and Author
Anne Morrow Lindbergh
  • 1933 Bank holidays declared in 6 states, to prevent run on banks
  • 1934 Henry Pu Yi crowned Emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria
  • 1934 Primo Carnera beats Tommy Loughran in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1936 Boulder (Hoover) Dam fully completed
  • 1936 A strike occurs aboard the S.S. California, leading to the demise of the International Seamen's Union and the creation of the National Maritime Union.
  • 1937 1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Ct)
  • 1937 Governor Wouters innaugrates the radio station on the Dutch Antilles
  • 1937 US Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day
  • 1939 Japanese Imperial Army ammunition dump exploded at Hirakata, Osaka, Japan, killing 94
  • 1940 Richard Wright's novel "Native Son" is published

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1941 Captain America created by cartoonists Joe Simon and Jack Kirby first appears in comic book form, published by Timely Comics

Comic Book Artist and Writer Jack Kirby
Comic Book Artist and Writer
Jack Kirby
  • 1941 1st US commercial FM radio station goes on the air, Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1941 Elmer Layden becomes 1st NFL commissioner
  • 1941 German troops invade Bulgaria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Himmler inspects Auschwitz concentration camp

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1942 3 day Battle of Java Sea ends, US suffers a major naval defeat
  • 1942 Baseball decides that players in military can't play when on furlough
  • 1942 J Milton Cage Jr's "Imaginary Landscape No 3" premieres in Chicago
  • 1942 Japanese troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java

  • 1942 Suriname camp for NSB people opens to save Jews
  • 1942 Tito establishes 2nd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia
  • 1943 Jewish old age home for disabled in Amsterdam raided
  • 1944 Massive strikes in northern Italian towns
  • 1944 U-358 sinks in Atlantic
  • 1945 British 43rd Division under General Hubert Essame occupies Xanten
  • 1945 Chinese 30th division occupies Hsenwi
  • 1945 US infantry regiment captures Mönchengladbach
  • 1946 British government nationalises and takes control of the Bank of England, after 252 years
  • 1946 Panama accepts its new constitution
  • 1947 International Monetary Fund begins operation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 Heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis retires

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • 1949 The Browns, owners of Sportsman's Park, move to evict the Cardinals
  • 1949 Indonesia seizes Yogyakarta from the Dutch.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Chiang Kai-shek resumed the presidency of National China on Taiwan

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1950 Klaus Fuchs sentenced to 14 years for atomic espionage (London)
  • 1950 USSR issues golden roubles
  • 1952 Egyptian government-Ali Maher Pasha resigns
  • 1952 Helgoland, in North Sea, returned to West Germany by Britain
  • 1953 KAUZ TV channel 6 in Wichita Falls, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 KTNT (now KSTW) TV channel 11 in Tacoma-Seattle, WA (IND) begins
  • 1953 WJZ-AM in NYC becomes WABC; WJZ-TV in Baltimore final transmission
  • 1953 WFBG TV (later WTAJ) channel 10 in Altoona, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses. He dies four days later.

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1954 4 Puerto Ricans open fire in US House of Representatives injuring 5 members

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Baseballer Ted Williams breaks his collarbone In spring training

Baseball Player Ted Williams
Baseball Player
Ted Williams
  • 1954 Rebellion in Egypt during visit of president Naguib to Khartoum, Sudan, 30 die
  • 1954 US explodes Castle Bravo, 15 megaton hydrogen bomb at Bikini Atoll - most powerful nuclear device ever detonated by the US
  • 1955 Israeli assault on Gaza, kills 48
  • 1955 KFAR (now KATN) TV channel 2 in Fairbanks, AK (ABC/NBC) 1st broadcast
  • 1955 Pakistan v India 5 Test Cricket series ends in a 0-0 draw
  • 1956 The International Air Transport Association finalizes a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization.
  • 1956 "Crazy Arms" single released by Ray Price - his 1st no.1 (Billboard Song of the Year 1956)
  • 1957 "Ziegfeld Follies of 1957" opens at Winter Garden NYC for 123 performances
  • 1957 KTWO TV channel 2 in Casper, WY (NBC/ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1957 Kokomo the Chimp becomes Today Show animal editor
  • 1958 Gary Sobers 365* v Pak, 614 min, 38 fours, best Cricket before Lara
  • 1958 Gary Sobers completes 446 stand for 2nd wicket with Conrad Hunte, 260
  • 1958 West Indies cricket team declares at stumps with a score of 3-790 vs Pakistan

  • 1958 Samuel Alphonsus Stritch, is appointed Pro-Prefect of the Propagation of Faith and thus becomes the first American member of the Roman Curia
  • 1959 Archbishop Makarios returns to Cyprus after 3 years
  • 1961 Cellist Jacqueline du Prés debut in Wigmore Hall

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 US President JFK establishes the Peace Corps

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 American Airlines 707 plunges nose first into Jamaica Bay, NY, killing 95
  • 1962 Kresge Corporation openes the first Kmart store in Garden City, Michigan
  • 1962 US and British nuclear test experiment in Nevada
  • 1963 200,000 French mine workers strike
  • 1965 Australia suspends champion swimmer Dawn Fraser for 10 years for misconduct
  • 1965 Gas explosion kills 28 in apartment complex in La Salle, Quebec
  • 1965 WPSX TV channel 3 in Clearfield, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1966 Ba'ath-party takes power in Syria
  • 1966 Venera 3 becomes 1st man-made object to impact on a planet (Venus)
  • 1967 Dominica & St Lucia gain independence from Britain
  • 1967 US House of Representatives expels Rep Adam Clayton Powell Jr (307 to 116)
  • 1967 Queen Elizabeth Hall in London's South Bank Centre opens
  • 1967 WMET (now WHSW) TV channel 24 in Baltimore, MD (IND) 1st broadcast
  • 1968 NBC's unprecedented on-air announcement, Star Trek will return
  • 1968 Pirate Radio Atlantis South (England) begins test transmitting
  • 1968 Political Party Radikalen (PPR) established in Netherlands
  • 1968 Vatican City's Apostolic Constitution of 1967 goes into effect
  • 1969 "Red, White, & Maddox" closes at Cort Theater NYC after 41 performances
  • 1969 After 88 weeks the Beatles' album Sgt Pepper's Lonly Hearts Club Band drops off the charts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Jim Morrison allegedly exposes himself on stage at the Dinner Key Auditorium in Miami, Florida

Poet and Rocker Jim Morrison
Poet and Rocker
Jim Morrison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 NY Yankees' Mickey Mantle retires

Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle
  • 1969 Pirate Radio 259 begins operation off the French coast
  • 1970 Atje Keulen-Deelstra becomes world champion all-round ladies skater

Music releaseAlbum Release

1970 Charles Manson's album "Lie" is released

Murderer Charles Manson
Charles Manson
  • 1970 End of US commercial whale hunting
  • 1970 Kreisky's social democrats win Austrian parliamentary election
  • 1971 Bomb attack on the Capitol in Washington, D.C.
  • 1971 Clandestine Radio Deutsche Reich (Germany) begins transmitting on FM
  • 1972 Club of Rome publishes report "Boundaries on the Growth"
  • 1972 David Rabe's "Sticks & Bones" premieres in NYC
  • 1972 KHMA TV channel 11 in Houma, LA (IND) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Wilt Chamberlain is 1st NBA player to score 30,000 points

NBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain
NBA Legend
Wilt Chamberlain
  • 1972 Two Catholic teenagers shot dead by the Royal Ulster Constabulary while 'joy riding' in a stolen car in Belfast
  • 1973 Robert Joffrey Dance Company opens
  • 1973 Robyn Smith becomes 1st female jockey to win a major race in the US - Aqueduct's Paumonok Handicap

Music releaseAlbum Release

1973 Pink Floyd release their album "Dark Side of the Moon", since sold over 45 million copies

Singer-songwriter and Producer David Gilmour
Singer-songwriter and Producer
David Gilmour
Rock Bassist and Vocalist Roger Waters
Rock Bassist and Vocalist
Roger Waters

Music concertMusic Concert

1974 George Harrison announces his concert tour of US in November

Singer-Songwriter George Harrison
George Harrison
  • 1974 Ian & Greg Chappell make 264 partnership v NZ cricket at Wellington
  • 1974 Watergate grand jury indicts 7 presidential aides
  • 1975 17th Grammy Awards: I Honestly Love You, Marvin Hamlisch win
  • 1975 Eagles' "Best of My Love" reaches #1
  • 1975 Colour television transmissions begin in Australia.

Music awardsMusic Awards

1976 11th Academy of Country Music Awards: Conway Twitty and Loretta Lynn win

Singer-songwriter Loretta Lynn
Loretta Lynn
  • 1977 Bank of America adopts the name VISA for its credit cards
  • 1977 US extends territorial waters to 200 miles