On This Day

Historical Events on March 10

  • 241 BC First Punic War: Battle of the Aegates Islands - The Romans sink the Carthaginian fleet bringing the First Punic War to an end
  • 418 Jews are excluded from public office in the Roman Empire
  • 1198 The Giralda minaret designed by architect Ben Ahmad for the Almohad mosque in Seville is completed. Now the Bell Tower for Seville's cathedral
  • 1535 Bishop Tomés de Berlanga discovers the Galapagos Islands

Historic Event

1578 Queen Elizabeth I of England gives Johan Casimir £20,000 to aid Dutch rebellion

  • 1624 England declares war on Spain

Historic Event

1629 English King Charles I dissolves Parliament for the 4th time in his reign, summons new Parliament 11 years later, only to be dissolved after 3 months

Historic Event

1661 French King Louis XIV ends office of premier

  • 1697 Tsar Peter the Great of Russia begins a tour of Western Europe
  • 1734 Spanish army under Don Carlos (III) draws into Naples
  • 1735 An agreement between Nadir Shah and Paul I of Russia is signed near Ganja and Russian troops are withdrawn from Baku

Historic Event

1762 French Huguenot Jean Calas, who was wrongly convicted of killing his son, dies after being tortured by authorities; the event inspires Voltaire to begin campaign for religious tolerance and legal reform

  • 1783 USS Alliance under Captain Barry fights and wins last naval battle of US Revolutionary War off Cape Canaveral
  • 1791 John Stone of Concord, Massachusetts, patents a pile driver
  • 1791 Pope condemns France's Civil Constitution of the clergy
  • 1801 First official census in Great Britain, revealing a population of approximately 10 million
  • 1830 The KNIL also known as the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army is created
  • 1831 The French Foreign Legion is established by King Louis-Philippe to support his war in Algeria
  • 1847 1st money minted in Hawaii

Historic Invention

1849 Abraham Lincoln applies for a patent (only US President to do so) for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions

  • 1861 West African political leader El Hadj Umar Tall seizes the city of Segou, destroying the Bambara Empire of Mali
  • 1862 Great Britain & France recognise independence of Zanzibar
  • 1862 US issues 1st paper money in the form of $5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500 and $1000 notes

Historic Event

1864 Ulysses S. Grant is named commander of the Union armies

  • 1864 Red River campaign begun in Louisiana by Union forces
  • 1865 Battle of Monroe's Crossroads, NC
  • 1874 Purdue University (Indiana) admits its 1st student

Mr. Watson come here, I want you

1876 First telephone call; Alexander Graham Bell says "Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you" to his assistant Thomas Watson

  • 1888 1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Psyche"

Boxing Title Fight

1888 Heavyweight Boxing champ John L. Sullivan draws Charlie Mitchell in 30 rounds

  • 1891 Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patents the strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching
  • 1893 Ivory Coast becomes a French colony (Cote d'Ivoire)
  • 1893 New Mexico State University cancels its 1st graduation ceremony; its only graduand Sam Steele was robbed & killed the night before
  • 1896 Bronx acquires O'Brien Square
  • 1900 Stanley Cup, Montreal Arena, Westmount, Quebec: Montreal Shamrocks outclass Halifax Crescents, 11-0 to sweep challenge series, 2-0
  • 1900 Battle at Driefontein, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • 1900 Regents for the King of Uganda and leading chiefs sign a treaty with Great Britain agreeing to the organization of the government, taxation, courts, military, and other functions of their country, which is under British protection.
  • 1902 Earthquake destroys Turkish city of Tochangri

Film & TV History

1902 A United States court of appeals rules that Thomas Edison did not invent the movie camera

  • 1903 Harry Gammeter, Cleveland, patents multigraph duplicating machine
  • 1905 Japanese Army captures Mukden (Shenyang)

Music Premiere

1906 1st performance of Maurice Ravel's "Sonatine"

  • 1906 Europe's worst mining accident when a coal dust explosion kills 1,060 at Courrieres, France
  • 1906 Baker Street & Waterloo Railway opens, constructed by the Underground Electric Railways Company of London. The contraction Bakerloo became the official name in July 1906.
  • 1910 Republic of China officially abolishes slavery
  • 1910 Pittsburgh Courier begins publishing
  • 1913 Stanley Cup, Quebec Skating Rink, Quebec City, Quebec: Quebec Bulldogs retain trophy; defeat Sydney Millionaires (NS), 6-2 for a 2-0 sweep of the challenge series
  • 1913 William Knox becomes 1st in American Bowling Congress to bowl 300
  • 1914 Suffragettes in London damage Rokeby's painting Venus of Velasquez
  • 1915 British Army captures Neuve Chapelle, Belgium
  • 1917 Batangas was formally founded as one of the Philippines's earliest encomiendas

Sports History

1920 NHL's Quebec Bulldog Joe Malone scores 6 goals vs Ottawa Senators

  • 1920 Home Rule Act passed by the British Parliament, dividing Ireland into two parts; it is rejected by the southern counties, where the Ango-Irish war continues for a year
  • 1922 KLZ-AM in Denver CO begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 State of siege proclaimed during mine strike Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 1925 Walter Mittelholzer is 1st to flies over Demawend mountain, Iran
  • 1926 Run on Belgian banks
  • 1927 Albania mobilizes due to threats from the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes

Historic Event

1927 Bavaria lifts ban on Adolf Hitler's speeches

  • 1928 Christine Collins' son, Walter Collins, disappears in Los Angeles
  • 1931 Oswald Mosley leaves British Labour party and founds the "New Party"
  • 1933 Major earthquake in Long Beach, California
  • 1933 Nevada becomes 1st US state to regulate narcotics
  • 1934 Longest undefeated streak in Toronto Maple Leaf history ends - 18 games with 15 wins, 3 ties
  • 1934 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Suzanne Davis
  • 1934 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner

Academy Awards

1938 10th Academy Awards: "The Life of Emile Zola", Spencer Tracy & Luise Rainer win

Film Premier

1938 "Jezebel" film premieres directed by William Wyler, starring Bette Davis and Henry Fonda, from the play by Owen Davis

  • 1939 17 villages damaged by hailstones in Hyderabad, India
  • 1940 1st US opera telecast, W2XBS, NYC, I Pagliacci
  • 1941 Lee MacPhail, Dodger GM predicts all players will wear batting helmets
  • 1944 U-575 sinks British corvette HMS Asphodel in the Atlantic Ocean killing 92 of the 97 men aboard

Historic Event

1945 Fieldmarshal Albert Kesselring succeeds Gerd von Rundstedt as commander of German Army Command in the West

  • 1945 Germany blows up Wessel Bridge on Rhine
  • 1945 Japan grants occupied Vietnam independence

Historic Event

1945 Patton's 3rd Army makes contact with Hodge's 1st Army

Firebombing of Tokyo

1945 Tokyo in fire after night time B-29 bombings, more than 100,000 people die, mostly civilians.

  • 1945 US troops land in western Mindanao, Philippines in Operation VICTOR IV
  • 1946 Train derailment kills 185 near Aracaju, northeast Brazil
  • 1948 1st civilian to exceed speed of sound-Herb H Hoover, Edwards AFB Ca

Golden Globes

1948 5th Golden Globes: "Gentleman's Agreement", Ronald Colman, & Rosalind Russell win

  • 1949 Detroit Tiger pitcher Art Houtteman is critically injured in an auto accident but recovers to win 15 games in 1949
  • 1951 "Where's Charley?" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 56 performances

Historic Event

1951 FBI director J. Edgar Hoover declines post of baseball commissioner

  • 1951 Ireland clinches their 7th Five Nations Rugby Championship with a 3-3 draw against Wales at the National Stadium, Cardiff

Coup d'état

1952 Military coup led by General Fulgencio Batista in Cuba

  • 1956 General strike in Cyprus protesting exile of archbishop Makarios
  • 1956 Peter Twiss sets new world air record 1,132 mph (1,823 kph)
  • 1957 Thousands of soccer fans riot in Italy

Sports History

1959 Dorothy Comiskey Rigney, sells 54% of White Sox to Bill Veeck

Historic Event

1959 Tennessee Williams' "Sweet Bird of Youth" premieres in NYC

  • 1959 Tibetan uprising against Chinese occupation force in Lhasa, Tibet
  • 1960 USSR agrees to stop nuclear testing

Golden Globes

1960 17th Golden Globes: "Ben-Hur", Anthony Franciosa, & Elizabeth Taylor win

  • 1962 Due to its no black policy, Phillies leave Jack Tar Harrison Hotel & move to Rocky Point Motel, 20 miles outside Clearwater, Florida

Sports History

1963 MLB infielder Pete Rose debuts with Cincinnati at spring training in Tampa, Florida; hits in his first 2 at bats

Sports History

1963 SF Warriors center Wilt Chamberlain scores 70 points in 163-148 defeat to Syracuse Nationals at Onondaga War Memorial

  • 1964 US reconnaissance plane shot down over East Germany
  • 1964 Simon and Garfunkel record the first version of "The Sound of Silence" at Columbia Studios in New York City
  • 1965 Dutch Princess Margriet & Pieter van Vollenhoven get engaged
  • 1965 "I've Got a Tiger By the Tail" album by Buck Owens is released (Billboard Album of the Year, 1965)
  • 1966 5 time Horse of the Year, Kelso, retires
  • 1966 North Vietnamese capture US Green Beret Camp at Ashau Valley

Album Release

1967 "I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You", American singer Aretha Franklin's tenth overall studio album, and first on Atlantic Records is released

  • 1968 North Vietnamese and communist Laotion troops overrun a secret US radar facility, Lima Site 85, on a Laos mountaintop

Murder of Interest

1969 James Earl Ray pleads guilty to the murder of Martin Luther King Jr.

Music Recording

1970 Barbra Streisand records "The Singer" and "I Can Do It"

  • 1970 South Africa complete 4-0 series drubbing of Australia
  • 1970 Members of the Stormont Parliament of Northern Ireland given police protection
  • 1971 US Senate approves amendment lowering voting age to 18
  • 1971 Three members of the Royal Highland Fusiliers (a regiment of the British Army) are killed by members of the Irish Republican Army
  • 1972 1st black US political convention opens in Gary, Indiana
  • 1972 General Lon Nol becomes President & Prince Sirik Matak premier of Cambodia
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1972 "What's Up, Doc?", Peter Bogdanovich's film homage to screwball comedies, starring Ryan O'Neal, Barbra Streisand, Madeline Kahn & Kenneth Mars premieres
  • 1973 Morocco adopts constitution
  • 1973 20th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: NC State beats Maryland, 76-74
  • 1974 "Sextet" closes at Bijou Theater NYC after 9 performances
  • 1974 Christian Democrats win Belgium parliamentary election
  • 1974 Lawrence Rowe completes 302 v Eng Bridgetown, 36 fours 1 six
  • 1975 "The Rocky Horror Picture Show" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 45 performances
  • 1975 Dog spectacles patented in England

Music Single

1975 John Lennon releases single "Stand By Me", a cover of Ben E. King song, originally released in 1961

  • 1975 Sanyo Shinkansen open between Osaka and Fukuoka.
  • 1977 Rings of Uranus discovered during occulation of SAO
  • 1977 CBS' premiere of "A Circle of Children", starring Jane Alexander and based on the life and book about this by Mary Mac Cracken
  • 1978 Soyuz 28 returns to Earth

Television Premiere

1978 "The Incredible Hulk", starring Bill Bixby as David Banner, premieres on CBS

  • 1980 Willard Scott becomes the weather forcaster on the Today Show
  • 1981 "Bette Davis Eyes" single released by Kim Carnes (Billboard Song of the Year 1981)

Historic Event

1982 US President Reagan proclaims economic sanctions against Libya

  • 1982 Saleem Malik scores 100 in 2nd inning of Test Cricket debut (v SL)
  • 1982 Sygyzy: all 9 planets aligned on same side of Sun
  • 1982 Travis Jackson & Happy Chandler elected to Hall of Fame
  • 1982 The United States places an embargo on Libyan petroleum imports because of their support of terrorist groups.

Film and TV Awards

1982 8th People's Choice Awards: Burt Reynolds, Sally Field & Jane Fonda win (Motion Picture) and Alan Alda & Barbara Mandrell win (TV)

  • 1983 Walter Alston, Los Angeles Dodgers manager is elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1984 Heavyweight Tim Witherspoon KOs Greg Page
  • 1984 25th SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Kentucky beats Auburn, 51-49
  • 1984 5th Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: Georgetown beats Syracuse, 82-71 (OT)
  • 1985 Dallas Maverick coach Dick Motta is 4th NBA coach to win 700 games
  • 1985 French socialists lose election (National Front 9%)
  • 1985 Ice Pairs Championship at Tokyo won by Elena Valova and Oleg Vasiliev (Soviet Union)
  • 1985 India beat Pakistan to win "World Championship of Cricket"
  • 1985 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Tokyo won by Alexandr Fadeev (URS)
  • 1985 32nd ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Georgia Tech beats North Carolina, 57-54
  • 1986 Ernie Lombardi, NL MVP in 1938, & Bobby Doerr, elected to Hall of Fame
  • 1987 Vatican formal opposition to test-tube fertilization & embryo transfer

Historic Event

1988 Avalanche at Swiss Ski resort Klosters nearly kills Prince Charles

Sports History

1988 NY Islanders celebrate Mike Bossy night

  • 1990 4th American Comedy Award: "When Harry Met Sally"
  • 1990 Ice Dance Championship at Halifax won by Klimova & Ponomarenko (Soviet Union)
  • 1990 Ice Pairs World Championship at Halifax won by Ekaterina Gordeeva & Sergei Grinkov (USSR)
  • 1990 Ladies Figure Skating Champions in Halifax won by Jill Trenary (USA)
  • 1990 Prosper Avril resigns as President of Haiti
  • 1990 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Halifax won by Kurt Browning (CAN)
  • 1990 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1991 Eddie Sutton is 1st NCAA coach to lead 4 schools into playoffs
  • 1991 Marc Girardelli of Luxembourg clinches his 4th slalom World Cup
  • 1991 Merlene Ottey runs world record 200 m indoor (22.24 sec)
  • 1991 Rico Lieder, Jens Carlowitz, Karsten Just and Thomas Schonlebe walk 4x400m indoor world record (3:03.05)
  • 1991 38th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: #7 North Carolina beats #6 Duke, 96-74
  • 1991 32nd SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Alabama beats Tennessee, 88-69
  • 1991 12th Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: Seton Hall beats Georgetown, 74-62

Soul Train Music Awards

1992 6th Soul Train Music Awards: Natalie Cole, Color Me Badd win

  • 1992 Sandra Seuser, Katrin Schreiter, Annet Hesselbarth and Grit Breuer walk female indoor world record 4x400m (3:27.22)
  • 1992 "Come and Talk to Me" single released by Jodeci (Billboard Song of the Year 1992)
  • 1994 1 million Greeks attend actress and activist Melina Mercouri's funeral
  • 1995 Car bomb explodes in Karachi at shiite mosque, 17+ killed
  • 1995 Chiel Meijering's "St Louis Blues" premieres in Arnhem

Film and TV Awards

1996 22nd People's Choice Awards: Tom Hanks & Demi Moore win (Dramatic Motion Picture) and Tim Allen & Candice Bergen win (TV)

  • 1996 NYC Mayor Rudy Guiliani visits Israel
  • 1996 43rd ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: #12 Wake Forest beats #18 Georgia Tech, 75-74
  • 1996 37th SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Mississippi State beats Kentucky, 84-73

Television Premiere

1997 "Buffy the Vampire Slayer" created by Joss Whedon and starring Sarah Michelle Geller premieres on WB Television Network

Historic Event

1997 The PalmPilot, as developed by Jeffrey Hawkins, is released

  • 2000 The NASDAQ Composite stock market index peaks at 5132.52, signalling the beginning of the end of the dot-com boom
  • 2000 16th Soap Opera Digest Awards - General Hospital wins
  • 2001 22nd Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: Boston College beats Pittsburgh, 79-57
  • 2002 49th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: #3 Duke beats NC State, 91-61
  • 2002 43rd SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Mississippi State beats Alabama, 61-58
  • 2003 "My Front Porch Looking In" single released by Lonestar (Billboard Song of the Year 2003)

Hall of Fame

2003 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees: AC/DC; The Clash; Elvis Costello and the Attractions; The Police; The Righteous Brothers; Benny Benjamin; Floyd Cramer; Steve Douglas; and Mo Ostin

  • 2006 The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter arrives at Mars.
  • 2006 Mass unrest by the PCC started in São Paulo (the biggest city in Brazil) which would eventually kill more than 152 people.

Soul Train Music Awards

2007 21st Soul Train Music Awards: Jermaine Dupri, Jennifer Hudson win

  • 2007 28th Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: Georgetown beats Pittsburgh, 65-42

Hall of Fame

2008 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees: Leonard Cohen; The Dave Clark Five; Madonna; John Mellencamp; The Ventures; Little Walter; Kenny Gamble & Leon Huff

Music History

2009 Billy Corgan testifies in front of Congress, on behalf of the musicFIRST Coalition, in support of H.R. 848, the Performance Rights Act

Historic Event

2010 Carlos Slim becomes the first Mexican and person from an emerging economy to top Forbes Richest Person list, with net worth of US$53.5 billion

Sports History

2010 Laureus World Sports Awards, Emirates Palace, Abu Dhabi, UAE: Sportsman: Usain Bolt; Sportswoman: Serena Williams; Team: Brawn F1 team

  • 2012 At least 130 rockets are fired into Israel from Gaza
  • 2012 33rd Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: Louisville beats Cincinnati, 50-44

Election of Interest

2013 Aung San Suu Kyi is re-elected leader of the Burmese National League for Democracy

Historic Event

2014 German Chancellor Angela Merkel warns Russia's Vladimir Putin that making Crimea part of Russia is illegal and in violation of Ukraine's constitution

Music History

2015 The family of Marvin Gaye win a record $7.3 million lawsuit for music copyright infringement against Robin Thicke, Pharrell Williams, and T.I.

Film Release

2015 "See You Again" released by Wiz Khalifa featuring Charlie Puth commissioned by film "Furious 7" as tribute to Paul Walker (Billboard Song of the Year 2015)

  • 2016 Twelfth Republican presidential candidates debate hosted by CNN, held in Coral Gables, Florida

Historic Event

2017 South Korean judges uphold parliaments' decision to impeach President Park Geun-hye

  • 2018 16 people die after being struck by lightning at a church in Nyaruguru District, Rwanda