On This Day

Historical Events on March 11

  • 1425 BC Thutmose III, Pharaoh of Egypt, dies (according to the Low Chronology of the 18th Dynasty).
  • 537 Goths lay siege to Rome

Hagia Sophia

843 Icon veneration officially re-instated in Hagia Sophia Cathedral in Constantinople

  • 928 Trpimir II succeeds to the Croatian throne.
  • 1387 The Battle of Castagnaro begins.
  • 1502 Ismail I, founder of the Safavid dynasty, crowned Shah of Persia (rules till 1524)

Historic Event

1513 Giovanni de' Medici chosen Pope Leo X

  • 1567 Geuzen army leaves Walcheren to return to Oosterweel
  • 1597 Archduke Albrecht occupies Amiens, France
  • 1649 The Frondeurs (French rebels) and the French government sign the Peace of Rueil.
  • 1665 NY approves new code guaranteeing Protestants religious rights
  • 1669 Mt Etna in Sicily erupts in its largest recorded eruption, killing 15,000
  • 1702 1st English daily newspaper "Daily Courant" publishes

Historic Event

1708 Queen Anne withholds Royal Assent from the Scottish Militia Bill, the last time a British monarch vetoes legislation

  • 1744 English auction house Sotheby's holds its first ever auction (of books) in London
  • 1779 US Army Corps of Engineers established (1st time)
  • 1791 Samuel Mulliken is 1st to obtain more than one US patent
  • 1795 Battle at Kurdla India: Mahratten beat Mogols
  • 1812 Citizenship granted to Prussian Jews
  • 1823 1st normal school in US opens, Concord Academy, Concord, Vermont
  • 1824 US War Department creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs

Music History

1829 Johann Sebastian Bach's "St Matthew Passion" is revived by Felix Mendelssohn, aged 20, conducting in Berlin

  • 1835 HMS Beagle anchors off Valparaiso, Chile

Treaty of Waitangi

1845 The Flagstaff War: In New Zealand, Chiefs Hone Heke and Kawiti lead 700 Māoris to chop down the British flagpole and drive settlers out of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka because of breaches of the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.

  • 1848 Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine and Robert Baldwin become the first Prime Ministers of the Province of Canada to be democratically elected under a system of responsible government
  • 1850 Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania opens, 2nd female medical school in the US

Music Premiere

1851 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Rigoletto" premieres in Venice

Historic Event

1855 Bowery Boys gang leader William Poole aka "Bill the Butcher" is buried in Brooklyn with 155 carriages and 6,000 mourners

  • 1861 Confederate convention in Montgomery adopts constitution (US Civil War)

Historic Event

1862 Abraham Lincoln removes George McClellen as general-in-chief

Historic Event

1862 12] General Stonewall Jackson evacuates Winchester Virginia Army of the Potomac. Gen Henry Halleck is named general-in-chief

  • 1863 25th Grand National: George Stevens wins his 2nd GN aboard 4/1 Emblem; winning mare's full sister Emblematic wins the following year
  • 1864 Dale Dike on Humber River crumbles killing at least 240, in Sheffield, Yorkshire, England
  • 1864 The Great Sheffield Flood: the largest man-made disaster ever to befall England kills over 250 people in Sheffield

Historic Event

1865 General William T. Sherman's Union forces occupies Fayetteville, North Carolina

  • 1867 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Don Carlos" premieres in Paris
  • 1869 The West first learns of the Giant Panda via French missionary Armand David who receives a skin from a hunter
  • 1872 Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain
  • 1872 The Meiji Japanese government officially annexes the Ryukyu Kingdom into what would become the Okinawa prefecture
  • 1876 English FA Cup Final, Kennington Oval, London: Wanderers and Old Estonians draw, 1-1; Wanderers win replay, 3-0 for 3rd title
  • 1882 Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association organized in Princeton, New Jersey

Voyage of Discovery

1882 Fridtjof Nansen sets out on a sea voyage to study Arctic zoology

  • 1888 Great blizzard of '88 strikes northeastern USA
  • 1892 1st public basketball game (Springfield, Massachusetts)

Music History

1893 Carlos Gardel and his mother, Berthe Gardès, arrive in Buenos Aires, Argentina

  • 1895 Spanish cruiser Reina Regente sinks in Straits of Gibraltar, over 400 die
  • 1897 A meteorite enters the earth's atmosphere and explodes over New Martinsville, West Virginia. The debris causes damage but no human injuries are reported.

Historic Event

1900 British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury rejects peace overtures from the Boer leader Paul Kruger (on 5 March) as demanding too-favourable terms

  • 1901 Cincinnati Enquirer reports Baltimore manager John McGraw signed Cherokee Indian Tokohoma, who is really black 2nd baseman Charlie Grant
  • 1904 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Brandon Wheat Kings in 2 games
  • 1905 Stanley Cup, Dey's Arena, Ottawa, ON: Ottawa Senators beat Rat Portage Thisles, 5-4 for 2-1 challenge series victory
  • 1910 Jack Hobbs scores 187 vs South Africa, his 1st international test hundred only to get out hit wicket
  • 1912 First Stanley Cup challenge game to be played in three 20-minute periods (formerly 30-minute halves), Quebec beats Moncton, 9-3 on way to series sweep

Election of Interest

1912 Eleftherios Venizelos, leader of the Liberal Party, wins the Greek elections again.

  • 1915 The British declare a blockade of all German ports
  • 1917 1st NHL championship game ever played, Toronto Arenas beats Montreal Canadiens 7-3 in 1st of 2 game set (second game on March 13)
  • 1917 British forces occupy Baghdad, the capital of Mesopotamia, after Turkish forces evacuated
  • 1918 Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia
  • 1918 Save the Redwoods League founded

The 1918 Flu Pandemic

1918 US Army mess cook Private Albert Gitchell of Fort Riley, Kansas becomes the first documented case of Spanish flu; start of worldwide pandemic killing 50-100 million

  • 1919 General strike in Germany crushed
  • 1920 Syria proclaims Emir Feisal king after the country has fought off French domination
  • 1922 Western Hockey Championship: Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) sweep Regina Capitals, in 2 games
  • 1924 3rd term of Belgium Theunis government begins
  • 1924 Eden Phillpotts' "Farmer's Wife" premieres in London
  • 1924 NHL Championship: Montreal Canadiens sweeps Ottawa Senators in 2 games
  • 1926 Eamon da Valera ends leadership of Sinn Féin
  • 1927 1st armored commercial car hold-up in US, Pittsburgh
  • 1927 1st golden gloves tournament
  • 1927 Samuel Roxy Rothafel opens famous Roxy Theater (NYC)
  • 1930 William Taft, American 27th President & Chief Justice buried in Arlington Cemetery
  • 1931 Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR, abbreviated as GTO, is introduced in the Soviet Union
  • 1935 Bank of Canada first opens on Wellington Street, Ottawa

Historic Event

1935 Hermann Goering officially creates the Luftwaffe (German Air Force)

  • 1938 Artur Seyss-Inquart replaces Kurt von Schuschnigg as Chancellor of Austria; German troops also entered the country

Sports History

1941 Bronko Nagurski beats Ray Steele in Minn, to become wrestling champ

Historic Event

1941 FDR signs Lend-Lease Bill (lend money to Britain)

  • 1942 1st deportation train leaves Paris for Auschwitz Concentration Camp

Historic Event

1942 General MacArthur leaves Corregidor (Bataan) for Australia

  • 1942 Japanese troops land on North Sumatra
  • 1943 Nazi Militia forms in Netherlands
  • 1944 Dutch resistance fighter Joop Westerweel arrested
  • 1945 1,000 allied bombers harass Essen, 4,662 ton bombs
  • 1945 Flemish nazi collaborator Maria Huygens sentenced to death
  • 1948 Jewish Agency of Jerusalem bombed
  • 1948 WBAL TV channel 11 in Baltimore, MD (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 1st woman army doctor commissioned (FM Adams)

Historic Event

1954 US Army charges Senator Joseph McCarthy used undue pressure tactics

  • 1956 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Louise Suggs wins her 3rd Titleholders title by 1 stroke from Patty Berg
  • 1958 American B-47 accidentally drops nuclear bomb 15,000 ft on a family home in Mars Bluff, South Carolina; creates crater 75 ft across, bomb without its nuclear capsule
  • 1958 Charles Van Doren finally loses on US TV game show "Twenty-One" after winning $129,000 - later revealed to be fixed
  • 1958 Starting this season, AL batters are required to wear batting helmets
  • 1959 "Raisin in the Sun", 1st Broadway play by a black woman, opens
  • 1959 4th Eurovision Song Contest: Teddy Scholten for Netherlands wins singing "Een beetje" in Cannes
  • 1960 Pioneer 5 launched into solar orbit between Earth & Venus
  • 1961 Then NHL record 40 penalties, Black Hawks & Maple Leafs (20 each)
  • 1963 Somalia drops diplomatic relations with Great Britain

Historic Event

1963 US Defense Secretary Robert MacNamara orders the adoption by the US military of the M16 assault rifle, originally designed as the AR-15 by Eugene Stoner

Golden Globes

1964 21st Golden Globes: The Cardinal, Sidney Poitier, & Leslie Caron win

Historic Event

1965 Indonesia President Sukarno signs the 'Supersemar' order, giving army commander Lt. Gen. Suharto authority to do whatever he "deemed necessary" to restore order

Coup d'état

1966 Military coup led by Indonesian General Suharto breaks out

  • 1966 A fire at two ski resorts in Numata, Japan kills 31 people.

Music Single

1967 Pink Floyd releases 1st single "Arnold Layne"

  • 1967 14th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: North Carolina beats Duke, 82-73
  • 1968 Anti-Zionist Clandestine Radio Voice of El Assifa starts transmitting

Music History

1968 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 12nd string quartet

Music Single

1968 Otis Redding is the first person in the US to posthumously receive gold record for his single "(Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay"

  • 1970 12th Grammy Awards: Aquarius; Crosby Stills & Nash; Peggy Lee win
  • 1970 Iraqi Ba'th Party recognizes Kurd nation

Music History

1971 Jim Morrison leaves for Paris to reorient himself emotionally and creatively and to avoid the jail sentence given to him in Miami. He will never return to the US.

  • 1972 "Inner City" closes at Barrymore Theater NYC after 97 performances
  • 1972 OPEC threatens "appropriate sanctions" against companies that "fail to comply with . . . any action taken by a Member Country in accordance with [OPEC] decisions."
  • 1972 19th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: North Carolina beats Maryland, 73-64
  • 1974 Mount Etna in Sicily erupted
  • 1974 Rhino Store gives people 5 cents to take home Danny Bonaduce's Album
  • 1975 Rightist military coup in Portugal under General António de Spínola fails
  • 1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 Hanafi Muslims hold 130 hostages in Washington, D.C.
  • 1978 Terrorists attack mail truck at Tel Aviv, 45 killed
  • 1978 USF-led Bill Cartwright scores 23 points as the Dons oust NC
  • 1979 Randy Hold receives 67 min in penalties in a 60 min NHL hockey game
  • 1980 Rod Marsh bowls 10 overs for 51 runs in dull Aust v Pak cricket draw

Historic Event

1981 Chile constitution takes effect, Augusto Pinochet's second term begins

  • 1981 Johnny Mize and Rube Foster are elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1982 Failed military coup under Rambocus and Hawker in Suriname
  • 1982 Harrison Williams (Sen-D-NJ) resigns rather than face expulsion
  • 1982 Detroit Pistons play the Chicago Bulls, with final score of Detroit 152 to Chicago 144 and Detroit having 20 blocked shots
  • 1982 US boycotts Libyan crude oil

Sports History

1983 Ice Dance Championship at Helsinki, Finland won by Jayne Torvill & Christopher Dean (Great Britain)

  • 1983 Ice Pairs Championship at Helsinki won by Valova & Vasiliev (Soviet Union)
  • 1983 Ladies' Figure Skating Championship in Helsinki won by Rosalynn Sumners (USA)

Sports History

1983 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Helsinki won by Scott Hamilton (USA)

Film and TV Awards

1983 9th People's Choice Awards: Burt Reynolds, Jane Fonda & Katharine Hepburn win (Motion Picture) and Tom Selleck, Linda Evans & Loretta Swit win (TV)

  • 1984 31st ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Maryland beats Duke, 74-62
  • 1986 1 million days since the foundation of Rome on April 21st, 753 BC
  • 1986 187.27 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange

Sports History

1986 Islander Mike Bossy, 1st NHLer to score 50 goals in 9 straight seasons

  • 1986 Japanese probe Sakigake flies by Halley's Comet at 6.8 million km
  • 1986 NFL adopts instant replay rule
  • 1988 Utrecht conservatory destroyed by fire
  • 1988 British pound note ceases to be legal tender, replaced by one pound coin

Film and TV Awards

1990 16th People's Choice Awards: Dustin Hoffman & Meryl Streep win (Dramatic Motion Picture) and Bill Cosby & Phylicia Rashad win (TV)

  • 1990 Lithuania declares its Independence
  • 1990 37th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: #14 Georgia Tech beats Virginia, 70-61
  • 1990 31st SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Alabama beats Ole Miss, 70-51
  • 1990 11th Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: Connecticut beats Syracuse, 78-75

Film and TV Awards

1991 17th People's Choice Awards: Mel Gibson & Julia Roberts win (Dramatic Motion Picture) and Bill Cosby & Kirstie Alley win (TV)

Music History

1991 Janet Jackson signs $40M 3 album deal with Virgin records

  • 1991 John Smith, US amateur wrestler, wins James E Sullivan Award
  • 1993 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Prague won by Kurt Browning CAN
  • 1994 Eduardo Frei succeeds Patricio Aylwin as President of Chile
  • 1995 -36.8°F (-38.2°C) in Chosedachar, Komi-district, on 67°N
  • 1995 President Nazarbajev disbands Kazakhstan parliament
  • 1995 Sinn Féin party leader, Gerry Adams, arrives in US
  • 1995 Yolanda Chen hop-skip-jumps world indoor record 15.03m
  • 1996 Chris Harris scores 130 in losing NZ side v Australia, World Cup
  • 1996 Mark Waugh scores 110 v NZ for his third century of the World Cup
  • 1996 The EU Database Directive is passed
  • 1996 John Winston Howard becomes the 25th Prime Minister of Australia. His term in office is the second longest in Australian history, ending December 3, 2007.
  • 1997 San Francisco Giant J T Snow suffers a fractured eye socket when hit by a pitch
  • 1999 Infosys becomes the first Indian company listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange.
  • 2000 21st Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: St. John's beats Connecticut, 80-70
  • 2001 48th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: #3 Duke beats #6 North Carolina, 79-53
  • 2001 42nd SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Kentucky beats Ole Miss, 77-55
  • 2003 The International Criminal Court holds its inaugural session in The Hague.
  • 2004 Terrorists explode simultaneous bombs on Madrid's rail network ripping through a commuter train and rocking three stations, killing 190

Historic Event

2006 Michelle Bachelet is inaugurated as the first female president of Chile

  • 2006 27th Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: Syracuse beats Pittsburgh, 65-61
  • 2007 54th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: #8 North Carolina beats NC State, 89-80
  • 2007 48th SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Florida beats Arkansas, 77-56

Music History

2008 Plácido Domingo named "The King of Singers" in BBC Music Magazine, based on voting by 16 renowned opera critics for the April 2008 issue

  • 2009 Winnenden school shooting - 17 people are killed at a school in Germany.
  • 2010 Sebastián Piñera becomes Chilean president for the 1st time
  • 2011 9.0 magnitude earthquake strikes 130 km (80 miles) east of Sendai, Japan, triggering a tsunami killing thousands of people and causing the second worst nuclear accident in history at Fukushima nuclear plant
  • 2012 US soldier kills 16 civilians in Afghanistan
  • 2012 59th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: #17 Florida State beats #4 North Carolina, 85-82
  • 2012 53rd SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Vanderbilt beats Kentucky, 71-64
  • 2013 European Union bans the sale of cosmetics that have been tested on animals
  • 2013 North Korea cuts the phone line with South Korea, breaching the 1953 armistice
  • 2013 Falkland Islands’ sovereignty referendum: 99.8% choose to remain an Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom

Sports History

2013 Laureus World Sports Awards, Municipal Theater, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Sportsman: Usain Bolt; Sportswoman: Missy Franklin; Team: FC Bayern Munich

  • 2014 Refugees from Syria pour into the Kingdom of Jordan
  • 2017 At least 65 killed in landslide at rubbish dump near Addis Ababa, Ethopia
  • 2017 England retains the Six Nations Rugby Championship with 61-21 win over Scotland at Twickenham; England's 11th consecutive Six Nations win and equals NZ's record of 18 consecutive international wins

Historic Event

2018 China's National People's Congress approves removal of term limits for a leader, will allow Xi Jinping presidency for life

Film & TV History

2018 Superhero movie "The Black Panther" becomes the fifth Marvel movie to earn $1 billion worldwide

  • 2018 Greek football Super League suspended after PAOK Salonika's president Ivan Savvidis invades pitch with a gun after goal disallowed

Historic Event

2019 Israeli President Reuven Rivlin, refutes Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's statement “Israel is the nation state of the Jewish people – and only it.”

  • 2019 Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika (82) changes his mind saying he will not seek a fifth term and postpones elections after mass protests


2020 COVID-19 declared a pandemic by the head of the World Health Organization Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, with 121,564 cases worldwide and 4,373 deaths

Film & TV History

2020 Harvey Weinstein is sentenced to 23 years in prison for a criminal sex act and rape in New York

  • 2020 Smallest dinosaur ever discovered - skull preserved in piece of amber smaller than a fingertip from a mine in Myanmar, reported in "Nature"
  • 2020 11-year bull market ends as the Dow Jones industrial average falls more than 20%, becoming a bear market
  • 2020 NBA suspends 2019-20 season until further notice after Utah Jazz center Rudy Gobert tests positive for COVID-19

Historic Event

2021 British Prince William says the royal family is “very much not a racist family” in first public comments since interview by brother Harry and wife Meghan

  • 2021 Digital art work "Everydays: The First 5,000 Days" a digital college by Beeple, with a non-fungible token, sells for record $69.3 million in online auction by Christie's [1]