On This Day

Historical Events on March 13

  • 483 St Felix III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 607 12th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 624 Battle of Badr: Muhammad's Muslim forces win significant victory over Meccan army
  • 1560 Spanish fleet occupies Djerba, at Tripoli
  • 1564 Cardinal Granvelle flees Brussels
  • 1567 Battle at Oosterweel: Spanish troops destroy Geuzenleger
  • 1569 Battle of Jarnac, Count of Anjou defeats Huguenots
  • 1591 Battle at Tondibi: Moroccan army under Judar defeats Sultan Askia Ishaq II of Songhai
  • 1634 First meeting of what would become the Academie Francaise in Paris at the house of Valentin Conrart
  • 1639 Cambridge College, Massachusetts, renamed Harvard for clergyman John Harvard
  • 1656 Jews are denied the right to build a synagogue in New Amsterdam
  • 1677 Massachusetts gains title to Maine for $6,000
  • 1735 1st US Moravian bishop, David Nitschmann, consecrated in Germany
  • 1759 27th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 1772 Gotthold Lessing's "Emilia Galotti" premieres in Brunswick

Scientific Discovery

1781 William Herschel sees what he thinks is a "comet" but is actually the discovery of the planet Uranus

  • 1790 John Martin, 1st American-born actor, performs in Philadelphia
  • 1797 Cherubini's opera "Medée" premieres in Paris
  • 1846 Friedrich Hebbel's "Maria Magdalena" premieres in Königsberg
  • 1852 Uncle Sam cartoon figure made its debut in the New York Lantern weekly
  • 1861 23rd Grand National: Joseph Kendall wins aboard Jealousy at 5/1

Historic Event

1865 Confederate President Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers (US Civil War)

Historic Event

1868 Senate begins US President Andrew Johnson's impeachment trial

  • 1869 Arkansas legislature passes anti-Ku Klux Klan law
  • 1875 English FA Cup Final, Kennington Oval, London: Royal Engineers and Old Etonians draw 1-1; replay won by Engineers, 2-0
  • 1878 Oxford University defeats Cambridge University in their 1st golf match

Assassination

1881 Alexander II of Russia is assassinated by members of far-left terror group 'People's Will' who throw a bomb at him in the city of St. Petersburg

  • 1884 Siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins by Mahdist forces, lasts 10 months
  • 1884 US adopts Standard Time
  • 1888 Great Blizzard of 1888 rages across the east coast of the USA and Canada
  • 1894 J L Johnstone of England invents horse racing starting gate
  • 1897 San Diego State University is founded.
  • 1900 British troops occupy Bloemfontein, capital of the Orange Free State (Boer War)
  • 1900 In France the length of the working day for women and children is limited by law to 11 hours.
  • 1903 Fall of the Sokoto Caliphate in Northern Nigeria, the British claim supremacy on over 500,000 square miles
  • 1904 Bronze statue of Christ on Argentine-Chilean border dedicated

Music History

1905 Mata Hari first performs her dance act at the Guimet Museum, Paris

  • 1911 Ivan Caryll's musical "The Pink Lady" premieres at the New Amsterdam Theatre, NYC; runs for 336 performances
  • 1911 Stanley Cup, Dey's Arena, Ottawa, ON: Ottawa Senators beat Galt (ON), 7-4
  • 1911 The Colonial-Born and Settlers Indian Association is formed at a meeting in Durban, South Africa, and has at its aim to fight the infamous 3 poll tax
  • 1912 Stanley Cup, Quebec Skating Rink, Quebec City, Quebec: Quebec Bulldogs rout Moncton Victorias (NB), 8-0 for a 2-0 sweep of the challenge series
  • 1912 Bulgaria and Serbia conclude an alliance pact ostensibly against Austria, but it secretly provides for a possible war against Turkey
  • 1913 Kansas legislature approved censorship of motion pictures
  • 1915 Dodgers manager Wilbert Robinson tries to catch a baseball dropped from an airplane, but the pilot substitutes a grapefruit

Historic Event

1918 Leon Trotsky gains control of the Red Army

  • 1918 American Red Magen David (Jewish Red Cross) forms
  • 1918 1st NHL championship: Toronto Arenas beat Montreal Canadiens, outscoring them 10-7 in a 2 game set
  • 1920 After the German government is forced to cut its army to 10,000 men, military groups plot an unsuccessful coup - a revolt ended by a general strike
  • 1921 Mongolia (formerly Outer Mongolia) declares independence from China

Historic Event

1922 George Bernard Shaw's "Back to Methusaleh V" premieres in NYC

  • 1922 WRR-AM in Dallas TX begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 NHL Championship: Ottawa Senators outscore Toronto St Pats, 5 to 4, in 2 games
  • 1923 American inventor Lee de Forest demonstrates his sound-on-film moving pictures (NYC)
  • 1925 NHL Championship: Montreal Canadiens sweep Toronto Arenas in 2 games
  • 1925 Tennessee makes it unlawful to teach evolution
  • 1928 Rudolph Friml's musical "Three Musketeers" premieres in NYC

Sports History

1929 20 year old Australian cricket super-batsman Don Bradman scores 123 in 5th Test vs England at MCG; his second Test century

  • 1930 Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory
  • 1933 American banks allowed to reopen after a government imposed bank holiday

Historic Event

1933 Joseph Goebbels becomes Nazi Germany's Minister of Information and Propaganda

  • 1935 Driving tests introduced in Great Britain
  • 1936 Irish-bred Golden Miller with Evan Williams aboard wins record 5th consecutive Cheltenham Gold Cup steeplechase at 21/20 favourite; only horse to complete Gold Cup-Grand National double
  • 1938 In a process known as Anschluss, Austria is annexed into Nazi Germany
  • 1938 World News Roundup is broadcast for the first time on CBS Radio in the United States.
  • 1940 Finland-Russian cease fire signed, the Winter War ends. Finland gives up Karelische
  • 1941 A Bougne forms AGRA (Amis du Grand Reich Allemand)
  • 1942 Julia Flikke of the Nurse Corps, becomes 1st woman colonel in US army
  • 1943 Baseball approves official ball (with cork & balata)

Historic Event

1943 Failed assassin attempt on Adolf Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight

  • 1943 Frank Dixon wins Knights of Columbus mile (4:09.6)

Historic Event

1943 Nazis liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Kraków; Oskar Schindler with advance information, saves his workers by keeping them in his factory overnight

  • 1944 USSR recognizes Italian government of Pietro Badoglio
  • 1945 Nazi Sicherheitsdienst arrests Dutch resistance fighter Henry Werkman
  • 1946 Paul-Henri Spaak (Belgium Socialist Party) forms Belgian government - shortest Belgian government (ends 31 March)
  • 1947 "Brigadoon" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 581 performances
  • 1947 19th Academy Awards: "Best Years of Our Lives", De Havilland, March win
  • 1948 Ireland beats Wales, 6-3 at Ravenhill Stadium, Belfast to clinch the Five Nations Rugby Championship and first Grand Slam
  • 1949 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Yvonne C Sherman
  • 1949 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

Historic Event

1950 General Motors Corporation reports record net earnings of $656,434,232

  • 1951 2nd Dutch government of Drees forms
  • 1951 Israel demands DM 6.2 billion compensation from Germany

Sports History

1954 Braves' Bobby Thomson breaks his ankle, he is replaced by Hank Aaron

Historic Event

1954 Viet Minh General Võ Nguyên Giáp opens the assault on French forces at Dien Bien Phu, northwest Vietnam

  • 1955 Bir BSD Mahendra succeeds Tribhubana as king of Nepal
  • 1955 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Patty Berg wins her 6th Titleholders title by 2 strokes from Mary Lena Faulk
  • 1956 NZ bowl out WI for 77 at Eden Park to score their 1st Test Cricket win

Film Release

1956 "The Searchers" American western film directed by John Ford and starring John Wayne and Natalie Wood is released

Battle of Interest

1957 Bloody battles after anti-Batista demonstration in Havana Cuba

  • 1958 Government troops land in Sumatra Indonesia
  • 1960 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Fay Crocker of Uruguay wins by 7 strokes ahead of Kathy Cornelius
  • 1960 NFL's Chicago Cardinals moves to St Louis
  • 1960 White Sox unveil new road uniforms with players' names above number
  • 1961 Elizabeth Gurley Finn (70) becomes President of US Communist Party

Boxing Title Fight

1961 Floyd Patterson KOs Ingemar Johansson in 6 for heavyweight boxing title

Historic Event

1961 JFK sets up the Alliance for Progress

  • 1961 Landslide in USSR, kills 145
  • 1961 Old type, black & white notes cease to be legal tender
  • 1962 Yugoslavia grants 1,000 prisoners amnesty
  • 1963 Two Russian reconnaissance flights over Alaska

Music Premiere

1963 Paul Hindemith and Thornton Wilder's opera "Long Christmas Dinner" premieres in NYC

  • 1963 Indonesia & Netherlands reinstate diplomatic relations
  • 1964 Turkey threatens Cyprus with armed attack
  • 1965 Beatles' "Eight Days a Week" single goes #1 & stays #1 for 2 weeks

Music History

1965 British guitarist Eric Clapton quits the Yardbirds due to the band moving away from traditional blues; Jeff Beck becomes his replacement

  • 1967 Congo sentences ex-premier Moise Tsjombe to death
  • 1967 Robert Anderson's "You Know I Can't Hear You ..." premieres in NYC
  • 1968 Beatles release single "Lady Madonna" in the UK
  • 1968 Nerve gas accident at Skull Valley, Utah, kills 6,000 sheep
  • 1969 Apollo 9 returns to Earth
  • 1970 100 year Beehive anniversary ends in brawl in Amsterdam
  • 1970 Digital Equipment Corp introduces PDP-11 minicomputer
  • 1970 San Francisco city employees begin 4-day strike
  • 1971 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Margaret Court wins her 10th Australian singles title; beats fellow Australian Evonne Goolagong 2-6, 7-6, 7-5
  • 1971 18th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: South Carolina beats North Carolina, 52-51

Music Awards

1972 7th Academy of Country Music Awards: Freddie Hart and Loretta Lynn win

  • 1973 Syria adopts constitution
  • 1973 "Irene" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 605 performances
  • 1973 Minskoff Theater opens at 200 W 45th St NYC
  • 1974 Glenn Turner scores twin tons for NZ's 1st win against Aust
  • 1975 Bernard Slade's "Same Time, Next Year" premieres in NYC
  • 1977 Dennis Lillee takes 6-26, England all out 95 in Centenary Test
  • 1978 Moluccan "suicide commandos" occupies Province house
  • 1979 European Monetary System is established, ECU created
  • 1979 Gairy dictatorship in Grenada overthrown by New Jewel Movement

NHL Record

1979 Isle's Mike Bossy's 5th career hat trick

World Record

1980 Eric Heiden skates world record 1000m (1:13.60)

  • 1980 Ford Motor Co found innocent in death of 3 women in a fiery Pinto
  • 1980 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Dortmund won by Jan Hoffmann GDR

Murder of Interest

1980 American John Wayne Gacy receives the death sentence in Illinois for the murder of 12 people

Sports History

1982 Ice Dance Championship at Copenhagen won by Jayne Torvill & Christopher Dean (GBR)

  • 1982 Ice Pairs Championship at Copenhagen won by Baess & Thierbach (GDR)

Sports History

1982 Men's Figure Skating Champions in Copenhagen won by Scott Hamilton (USA)

  • 1982 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champs in Copenhagen won by Elaine Zayak (USA) who lands 6 triple jumps

Television Premiere

1982 ABC TV crime drama "T.J. Hooker" premieres, starring William Shatner

  • 1983 Peter Stone's musical "Woman of the Year" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 770 performances
  • 1983 1st USFL overtime game-Birmingham Stallions beat Oakld Invaders 20-14
  • 1983 30th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: NC State beats Virginia, 81-78
  • 1983 24th SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Georgia beats Alabama, 86-71
  • 1984 Last day of 1st-class cricket for G Chappell, R Marsh, B Laird
  • 1984 WA beat Queensland by four wickets to win the Sheffield Shield

Historic Event

1985 Funeral services held for Konstantin Chernenko in Moscow

  • 1985 Michael Secrest (US) begins 24-hr ride of 516 miles, 427 yards
  • 1986 Soyuz T-15 carries 2 cosmonauts to Soviet space station Mir
  • 1986 Microsoft has its Initial public offering.
  • 1987 Ice Dance Championship at Cincinnati won by Bestemianova & Bukin (URS)

Historic Event

1987 John Gotti, boss of the Gambino crime family, is acquitted of racketeering

  • 1987 Washington Caps score 5 goals against Toronto in 3 mins & 3 secs

Film and TV Awards

1988 14th People's Choice Awards: Michael Douglas & Glenn Close win (Motion Picture) and Bill Cosby & Cybill Shepherd win (TV)

  • 1988 35th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Duke beats North Carolina, 65-61
  • 1988 29th SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Kentucky beats Georgia, 62-57
  • 1988 9th Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: Syracuse beats Villanova, 85-68
  • 1989 27th shuttle, Discovery 8, launched, 1st woman to do the countdown
  • 1989 FDA orders recall of all Chilean fruit in US
  • 1989 US space shuttle STS-29 launched
  • 1990 Nicholoas Braithwaite elected premier of Grenada
  • 1991 Exxon pays $1-billion dollars in fines & cleanup of Valdez oil spill
  • 1991 Saudi Arabia and Iran say OPEC oil production cuts will take effect April 1
  • 1992 FCC rules companies can own 30 AM & 30 FM stations (formerly 12)

Sports History

1992 Martina Navratilova & Judy Nelson settle their galamony suit

  • 1992 An earthquake registering 6.8 on the Richter scale kills over 500 in Erzincan, eastern Turkey.
  • 1993 Blizzard of '93 hits north-east USA

Election of Interest

1993 Australian Federal elections: Australian Labor Party headed by Paul Keating re-elected for a fifth term

  • 1994 33.3% of Austria votes for ultra-right Freedom Party
  • 1994 Oil tank/airship crash at Bosporus (huge fire/15+ killed)
  • 1994 President Mangope of Bophuthatswana deposed
  • 1994 41st ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: #4 North Carolina beats Virginia, 73-66
  • 1994 35th SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Kentucky beats Florida, 73-60
  • 1994 15th Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: Providence beats Georgetown, 74-64
  • 1995 9th Soul Train Music Awards: Boyz II Men, Anita Baker win
  • 1995 Anti-fascist Kazakhstan anti-parliament forms
  • 1995 Hungarian Forint devalued 9%
  • 1995 Istanbul police shoot dead 16 Alawitische demonstrators
  • 1996 Sri Lanka beat India in World Cup semi as riots stop play
  • 1996 At Dunblane Primary School, Scotland, 16 children and 1 teacher are shot dead by Thomas Hamilton who then commits suicide. Results in handguns being banned in the UK.
  • 1997 India's Missionaries of Charity chooses Sister Nirmala to succeed Mother Teresa as its leader
  • 1997 Phoenix lights seen at night over Phoenix, Arizona by hundreds of people, and by millions on television. Now a hotly debated controversy.
  • 2003 The journal Nature reports that 350,000-year-old footprints of an upright-walking human have been found in Italy
  • 2004 25th Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: Connecticut beats Pittsburgh, 61-58

Sports History

2004 Luciano Pavarotti performs in his last opera at New York Metropolitan Opera's "Tosca"

  • 2005 Terry Ratzmann shoots and kills six members of the Living Church of God and the minister at Sheraton Inn in Brookfield, Wisconsin before killing himself.
  • 2005 52nd ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: #3 Duke beats Georgia Tech, 69-64
  • 2005 46th SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Florida beats Kentucky, 70-53

Film & TV History

2005 Bob Iger is named CEO of Walt Disney International, succeeding Michael Eisner

Hall of Fame

2006 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees: Black Sabbath; Blondie; Miles Davis; Lynyrd Skynyrd; The Sex Pistols; Herb Alpert and Jerry Moss

  • 2008 Gold prices on the New York Mercantile Exchange hit $1,000.00 an ounce for the first time.
  • 2009 30th Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: #5 Louisville beats #10 Villanova, 69-55
  • 2010 31st Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: #7 West Virginia beats #22 Georgetown, 60-58
  • 2011 58th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: #5 Duke beats #6 North Carolina, 75-58
  • 2011 52nd SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Kentucky beats Florida, 70-54
  • 2012 19 people are shot dead in a bus attack in Ethiopia
  • 2012 Encyclopaedia Britannica announces that it will no longer publish printed versions of its encyclopaedia
  • 2012 110 people are killed and 63 are missing after a ferry collides with an oil tanker near Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • 2012 28 people, including 22 children, are killed in a motorway bus crash near Sierre, Switzerland
  • 2013 10 people are killed by a suicide bombing in Kunduz province, Afghanistan
  • 2013 The European Parliament rejects a European Union budget for the first time
  • 2013 An Embraer 821 aeroplane crashes and kills 9 people in Para, Brazil