Historical Events on March 14

  • 1369 Battle of Montiel: Pedro of Castile with support from England is defeated by an alliance between the French and his half-brother Henry II
  • 1489 The last Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro is forced to abdicate by Venice
  • 1559 Storm floods ravage Gorinchem, Dordrecht & Woudrichem, Netherlands

Victory in BattleBattle of Ivry

1590 Battle of Ivry: French King Henry IV beats Catholic League during French Wars of Religion
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  • 1592 "Ultimate Pi day": on this day at 6.53am is the largest correspondence between calendar dates and significant digits of pi, since the introduction of the Julian calendar (3.141592653)
  • 1644 England grants patent for Providence Plantations (now Rhode Island)
  • 1647 Thirty Years' War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm.
  • 1653 Johan van Galen beats English fleet at Livorno
  • 1689 Scotland dismisses William III & Mary Stuart as king & queen
  • 1743 1st American town meeting is held in Boston's Faneuil Hall
  • 1757 On board HMS Monarch (his own flagship), British Admiral John Byng is executed by firing squad for failing to come to aide of besieged British garrison

InventionHistoric Invention

1794 Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin machine revolutionizing the cotton industry in the southern US states

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • 1800 Luigi Chiaramonti crowned Pope Pius VII

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1801 Henry Addington becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after his friend William Pitt the Younger resigns after being unable to persuade King George III of the need for Catholic Emancipation

British Prime Minister Henry Addington
British Prime Minister
Henry Addington
British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
  • 1812 Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812
  • 1821 African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded (NY)

  • 1826 General Congress of South American States assembles at Panama
  • 1840 Jose Zorilla's "El Zapatero y el Rey" premieres in Madrid
  • 1845 -5.3°F (-20.7°C) in Groningen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1847 Premiere of Giuseppe Verdi's "Macbeth" at the Teatro della Pergola, Florence

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Verdi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1858 Ellen G. White receives a vision while attending a funeral service in Lovett's Grove, near Bowling Green, Ohio

Christian Pioneer Ellen G. White
Christian Pioneer
Ellen G. White
  • 1862 Battle of New Bern North Carolina: General Burnside conquers New Bern
  • 1864 Gioacchino Rossini's "Petite Messe Solennelle" premieres in Paris
  • 1864 Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana
  • 1869 Defeat of Maori leader Titokowaru in New Zealand
  • 1870 California legislature approves act making Golden Gate Park possible
  • 1875 Smetana's "Vysehrad" premieres
  • 1885 Gilbert & Sullivan's comic opera "Mikado" premieres in London at the Savoy Theatre
  • 1888 Second largest snowfall in NYC history (21")
  • 1889 August Strindberg's "Froken Julie" premieres in Copenhagen

InventionHistoric Invention

1889 German Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his "Navigable Balloon"

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
  • 1896 Sutro Baths in San Francisco opens by Cliff House (closed Sept 1, 1952)
  • 1899 Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks beat Winnipeg Victorias, 6-2
  • 1900 Dutch botanist Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel's laws of genetics
  • 1900 US currency goes on gold standard after Congress passes the Currency Act
  • 1901 1st performance of Anton Bruckner's 6th Symphony in A
  • 1901 Germany's Chancellor von Bulow declares that the agreement Germany signed with Great Britain in October 1900, to restrain foreign aggression and maintain open trade, does not apply to Manchuria
  • 1903 1st national bird reservation established in Sebastian, Florida
  • 1903 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Rat Portage Thisles in 2 games
  • 1903 WB Yeats & Lady Gregory's "Hour-glass" premieres in Dublin
  • 1904 In a landmark case, Northern Securities Company v United States, the US Supreme Court finds the company has violated the Sherman Anti-Trust Act; first case in T. Roosevelt's 'trust-busting' campaign

  • 1906 Calgary City Rugby Football Club forms
  • 1907 By Presidential order, Japanese laborers are excluded from entering the USA
  • 1908 Stanley Cup: Mont Wanderers beat Toronto Trolley Leaguers, 6-4
  • 1909 Amsterdam Social-Democratic Party (SDP) forms
  • 1910 Lakeview Gusher, the largest U.S. oil well gusher near Bakersfield, California, vented to atmosphere
  • 1912 King Vittorio Emanuel III of Italy injured in an assassination attempt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 John D. Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • 1913 South African Supreme Court declares that marriages not celebrated according to Christian rites and/or not registered by the Registrar of Marriages, are invalid; all Muslim and Hindu marriages are therefore declared invalid
  • 1914 Serbia & Turkey sign peace treaty
  • 1915 German cruiser Dresden scuttled off Más a Tierra, Chile, having been pursued by the Royal Navy after the Battle of the Falkland Islands, with her engines worn out and virtually no coal
  • 1916 Battle of Verdun - German attack on Mort-Homme ridge, West of Verdun
  • 1918 1st concrete ship to cross the Atlantic (Faith) is launched in San Francisco
  • 1922 KGU-AM in Honolulu HI begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 KSD-AM in Saint Louis MO begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 WGR-AM in Buffalo NY begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Allies accepts Vilnus taking East-Galicia in Poland
  • 1923 German Supreme Court prohibits NSDAP (Nazi party)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 US President Warren G. Harding becomes 1st president to pay taxes

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1926 Train in Costa Rica falls into the Río Virilla, killing 248 and injuring 93
  • 1931 1st theater built for rear movie projection (NYC)
  • 1933 Civilian Conservation Corp begins tree conservation
  • 1935 36-Folsom becomes 1st line to use 1-man streetcars in sSn Francisco
  • 1936 Federal Register, 1st magazine of the US government, publishes 1st issue
  • 1937 Battle of the Century: Fred Allen & Jack Benny meet on radio during their "feud"
  • 1937 Pope Pius XI publishes anti-nazi-encyclical Mit brennender Sorge
  • 1939 England draw with South Africa at Durban on the 10th day
  • 1939 Nazi Germany dissolves Republic of Czechoslovakia
  • 1940 27 killed, 15 injured when truck full of migrant workers collides with a train outside McAllen, Texas

Film release premierFilm Premier

1940 "The Road to Singapore" directed by Victor Schertzinger starring Bob Hope, Bing Crosby and Dorothy Lamour, first of seven such films premieres

Entertainer Bob Hope
Bob Hope
Singer and Actor Bing Crosby
Singer and Actor
Bing Crosby
  • 1941 Nazi occupiers of Holland forbid Jewish owned companies
  • 1941 Xavier Cugat & orchestra record "Babalu"
  • 1943 World War II: Kraków Ghetto is "liquidated"
  • 1945 RAF bomb cuts railway link Hannover-Hamm
  • 1948 Freedom Train arrives in San Francisco
  • 1950 FBI's "10 Most Wanted Fugitives" program begins
  • 1951 Earthquake at Euskirchen, Germany
  • 1953 KOLR TV channel 10 in Springfield, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 Braves Henry Aaron homers in his 1st exhibition game
  • 1954 KDAL (now KDLH) TV channel 3 in Duluth-Superior, MN (CBS) begins
  • 1954 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
  • 1954 NBA Baltimore Bullets end a 32 game road losing streak
  • 1955 Prince Mahemdra becomes king of Nepal
  • 1956 Satchel Paige signs with the Birmingham Black Barons (Negro League)
  • 1957 Indonesian government of Sastroamidjojo resigns
  • 1958 RIAA certifies 1st gold record (Perry Como's Catch A Falling Star)
  • 1958 Recording Industry Association of American created
  • 1958 South Africa's government prohibits the African National Congress
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1960 14 die in a train crash in Bakersfield Calif

Sports record brokenNBA Record

1960 Wilt Chamberlain (Philadelphia) sets NBA playoff record of 53 points

NBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain
NBA Legend
Wilt Chamberlain
  • 1961 George Weiss becomes President of NY Mets
  • 1962 Disarmament conference opens in Geneva without France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Gordie Howe (Det Red Wings) is 2nd NHLer to score 500 goals

Ice Hockey Legend Gordie Howe
Ice Hockey Legend
Gordie Howe
  • 1963 San Francisco Guy Rogers ties NBA record with 28 assists
  • 1964 "Girl Who Came to Supper" closes at Broadway NYC after 112 performances

MurderMurder of Interest

1964 Dallas, Texas; Jack Ruby sentenced to death for Lee Harvey Oswald's murder

Killer of Lee Harvey Oswald Jack Ruby
Killer of Lee Harvey Oswald
Jack Ruby
  • 1965 Israeli cabinet approves diplomatic relations with West Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 JFK's body moved from temporary grave to a permanent memorial

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1967 1967 NFL Draft: Bubba Smith from Michigan State first pick by Baltimore Colts
  • 1968 CBS TV suspends Radio Free Europe free advertising because RFE doesn't make it clear it is sponsored by the CIA
  • 1969 Barbara Jo Rubin becomes 1st woman jockey to win at Aqueduct
  • 1969 Seymour Nurse scores 258 in his last Test Cricket innings, WI v NZ

Appears on tv showTV Show Appearance

1971 Barbra Streisand appears on "The Burt Bacharach Special" on CBS TV

Singer-songwriter & Actress Barbra Streisand
Singer-songwriter & Actress
Barbra Streisand
  • 1971 South Vietnamese troops flee Laos

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 The Rolling Stones leave England for France to escape taxes

Drummer Charlie Watts
Charlie Watts

Sport awardTennis Open

1971 Australian Open Men's Tennis: Ken Rosewall of Australia beats American defending champion Arthur Ashe 6-1, 7-5, 6-3; first man to win an Open era Grand Slam singles title without dropping a set

Tennis Player and Eight-Time Major Champion Ken Rosewall
Tennis Player and Eight-Time Major Champion
Ken Rosewall
Tennis Player Arthur Ashe
Tennis Player
Arthur Ashe
  • 1972 NBA's Cincinnati Royals announce they are moving to KC
  • 1972 Two IRA members shot dead by British soldiers in the Bogside area of Derry
  • 1973 Liam Cosgrave appointed president of Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Future US senator John McCain is released after spending over five years in a North Vietnamese prisoner of war camp

US Senator John McCain
US Senator
John McCain
  • 1976 Jockey Bill Shoemaker wins his 7,000th race
  • 1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1978 Marines terminate Moluccan action in Province house (1 dead)
  • 1978 NFL permanently adds 7th official (side judge)
  • 1979 A Hawker Siddeley Trident crashes into a factory near Beijing, China, killing at least 200
  • 1980 Ice Dance Championship at Dortmund West Germany won by Regoczy & Sallay
  • 1980 Ice Pairs Championship at Dortmund won by Cherkasova & Shakhrai (USSR)
  • 1980 Polish airliner crash kills all 87 aboard (22 are US amateur boxers)
  • 1980 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Dortmund won by Anett Potzsch
  • 1981 NCAA St Joseph's upsets top seed DePaul 49-48
  • 1982 Sally Little wins LPGA Olympia Gold Golf Classic
  • 1982 Sidath Wettimuny scores Sri Lanka's 1st Test Cricket century
  • 1983 OPEC cut oil prices for 1st time in 23 years
  • 1984 Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 41-C mission
  • 1984 Gerry Adams, head of Sinn Féin, is seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in central Belfast
  • 1985 Michael Secrest (US) completes 24-hr ride of 516 miles, 427 yards
  • 1986 European Space Agency's Giotto flies by Halley's Comet (605 km)
  • 1987 Providence, with Billy Donovan's 25 points, beats Austin Peay 90-87
  • 1987 Skier Piotr Fijas jumps record 194m
  • 1987 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Cincinnati won by Katarina Witt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 NY Met Darryl Strawberry charges Red Sox pitcher Al Nipper during spring training exhibition game, causes bench clearing brawl

Baseball Player Darryl Strawberry
Baseball Player
Darryl Strawberry

Film tv awardsFilm and TV Awards

1987 13th People's Choice Awards: Clint Eastwood & Meryl Streep win (Motion Picture) and Bill Cosby & Cybill Shepherd win (TV)

Actress Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
Actor/Comedian Bill Cosby
Bill Cosby
Actor and Director Clint Eastwood
Actor and Director
Clint Eastwood

Music awardsMusic Awards

1990 4th Soul Train Music Awards: Soul II Soul, Janet Jackson win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Mikhail Gorbachev becomes president of the Soviet Congress

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • 1991 Emir of Kuwait returns to Kuwait City, after the Iraqis leave
  • 1991 Ice Dance Championship at Munich won by Isabel & Phil Duchesnay (FRA)
  • 1991 Ice Pairs Championship at Munich won by N Mishkutenok & A Dmitriev
  • 1991 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Munich won by Kurt Browning (CAN)
  • 1991 English Court of Appeal frees "Birmingham 6" who had been unjustly sentenced in August 1975 to life imprisonment

Music concertMusic Concert

1991 The Dave Matthews Band perform their first show as part of a benefit for the Middle East Children's Alliance

Musician Dave Matthews
Dave Matthews
  • 1992 Farm Aid V
  • 1992 NY Met Daryl Boston, Vince Coleman & Dwight Gooden accused of rape
  • 1992 Soviet newspaper "Pravda" suspends publication
  • 1993 "Conversations with My Father" closes at Royale NYC after 462 performances
  • 1993 "Face Value" closes at Cort Theater NYC after * performances
  • 1993 "Saint Joan" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 49 performances
  • 1993 3,000th performance of "Nunsense"
  • 1993 Johan Koss skates world record 5km (6:36.57)
  • 1993 Meg Mallon wins LPGA Ping/Welch's Golf Championship

  • 1993 Ricky Ponting hits twin tons for Tasmania aged 18 years 84 days
  • 1993 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Prague won by Oksana Baiul (UKR)
  • 1993 40th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Georgia Tech beats #1 North Carolina, 77-75
  • 1993 34th SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Kentucky beats LSU, 82-65
  • 1993 14th Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: Seton Hall beats Syracuse, 103-70
  • 1994 Mexican banker and billionaire Alfredo Harp Helu kidnapped
  • 1994 Soyuz TM-21 launches with V Dezyurov, G Strekalov & N Thagard
  • 1994 Timeline of Linux development: Linux kernel version 1.0.0 is released.
  • 1995 1st time 13 people in space
  • 1996 Australia beat West Indies by 5 runs in amazing cricket World Cup semi
  • 1996 Crufts show at NEC Birmingham, (1995 winner, Joshua, an Irish setter)
  • 1997 68 year old Gordie Howe signs AHL contract with Syracuse Crunch
  • 1997 Iranian military plane crashes, killing 80
  • 1997 Olympic gold medalist Michael Johnson wins 67th James E Sullivan Award

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1997 President Clinton trips & injures his knee requiring surgery

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1997 The Chinese city of Chongqing (formerly Chunking) is upgraded to a centrally administered municipality.
  • 2003 Start of weekend of protests against war in Iraq that are attended by millions
  • 2004 51st ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Maryland beats #5 Duke, 95-87
  • 2004 45th SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Kentucky beats Florida, 89-73
  • 2005 Cedar Revolution, where over a million Lebanese march in the streets of Beirut to demonstrate against the Syrian military presence in Lebanon, and against the government, following the assassination of Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.
  • 2010 57th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: #4 Duke beats Georgia Tech, 65-61
  • 2010 51st SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Kentucky beats Mississippi State, 75-74 (OT)
  • 2013 25 people are killed and 50 are wounded by a series of car bombings in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013 7 people are killed after gunmen storm a bar in Cancun, Mexico

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2013 Xi Jinping is named as the new President of the People's Republic of China

Paramount Leader of China Xi Jinping
Paramount Leader of China
Xi Jinping
  • 2015 62nd ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Notre Dame beats North Carolina, 90-82
  • 2015 36th Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: Villanova beats Xavier, 69-52

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 President Putin orders Russian troops out of Syria

Russian President Vladimir Putin
Russian President
Vladimir Putin
  • 2016 Marco Rubio announces he is dropping out of the Republican presidential nomination race
  • 2016 NASA releases data showing February 2016 warmest month ever recorded globally - 1.35C above the long-term average
  • 2017 European Court of Justice rules companies can ban staff from wearing religious symbols, including headscarves
  • 2017 World's oldest golf club Muirfield in Scotland, votes to admit women as members for 1st time in 273 years
  • 2018 UK announces it will expel 23 Russian diplomats after Russian-made nerve agent used on former spy in UK

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018 NASA twin study finds that Scott Kelly is no longer identical to his twin brother after one year in space, 7% of his genes altered

Astronaut Scott Kelly
Scott Kelly
  • 2018 World Happiness Report names Finland as world's happiest country and Burundi the unhappiest

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2018 Angela Merkel sworn in for fourth term as German Chancellor, head of a coalition government, 171 days after the general election

Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel
Chancellor of Germany
Angela Merkel
  • 2018 US students across American commemorate Florida high school shooting with mass walkouts across the country
  • 2018 Brazilian human rights politician Marielle Franco is murdered in Rio, prompting mass protests