On This Day

Historical Events on March 14

Victory in Battle

1369 Battle of Montiel: Peter of Castile (Peter the Cruel) with support from England is defeated by an alliance between the French and his half-brother Henry II

  • 1489 The last Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro is forced to abdicate by Venice
  • 1559 Storm floods ravage Gorinchem, Dordrecht & Woudrichem, Netherlands

Battle of Ivry

1590 Battle of Ivry: French King Henry IV beats Catholic League during French Wars of Religion

  • 1592 "Ultimate Pi day": on this day at 6.53am is the largest correspondence between calendar dates and significant digits of pi, since the introduction of the Julian calendar (3.14159265358)
  • 1644 England grants patent for Providence Plantations (now Rhode Island)
  • 1647 Thirty Years' War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm.
  • 1653 Johan van Galen beats English fleet at Livorno

Historic Event

1689 Scotland dismisses William III & Mary Stuart as king & queen

  • 1743 1st American town meeting is held in Boston's Faneuil Hall
  • 1757 On board HMS Monarch (his own flagship), British Admiral John Byng is executed by firing squad for failing to come to aide of besieged British garrison

Historic Invention

1794 Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin machine revolutionizing the cotton industry in the southern US states

Historic Event

1800 Luigi Chiaramonti crowned Pope Pius VII

Election of Interest

1801 Henry Addington becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after his friend William Pitt the Younger resigns after being unable to persuade King George III of the need for Catholic Emancipation

  • 1812 Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812
  • 1821 African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded (NY)
  • 1826 General Congress of South American States assembles at Panama
  • 1840 Jose Zorilla's "El Zapatero y el Rey" premieres in Madrid
  • 1845 -5.3°F (-20.7°C) in Groningen

Music History

1847 Premiere of Giuseppe Verdi's "Macbeth" at the Teatro della Pergola, Florence

Historic Event

1858 Ellen G. White receives a vision while attending a funeral service in Lovett's Grove, near Bowling Green, Ohio

  • 1862 Battle of New Bern North Carolina: General Burnside conquers New Bern

Music History

1864 Gioachino Rossini's "Petite Messe Solennelle" premieres in Paris

  • 1864 Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana
  • 1869 Defeat of Maori leader Titokowaru in New Zealand
  • 1870 California legislature approves act making Golden Gate Park possible
  • 1874 English FA Cup Final, Kennington Oval, London: Oxford University beats Royal Engineers, 2-0
  • 1875 Bedřich Smetana's "Vysehrad" premieres
  • 1885 Gilbert & Sullivan's comic opera "Mikado" premieres in London at the Savoy Theatre
  • 1888 Second largest snowfall in NYC history (21")
  • 1889 August Strindberg's "Froken Julie" premieres in Copenhagen
  • 1896 Sutro Baths in San Francisco opens by Cliff House (closed Sept 1, 1952)
  • 1899 Stanley Cup, Montreal Arena, Westmount, Quebec: Montreal Shamrocks beat Queens University, 6-2 to clinch trophy for CAHL

Historic Invention

1899 German Ferdinand von Zeppelin receives a US patent for a "Navigable Balloon"

  • 1900 Dutch botanist Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel's laws of genetics
  • 1900 US currency goes on gold standard after Congress passes the Currency Act

Music Premiere

1901 1st performance of Anton Bruckner's 6th Symphony in A

  • 1901 Germany's Chancellor von Bulow declares that the agreement Germany signed with Great Britain in October 1900, to restrain foreign aggression and maintain open trade, does not apply to Manchuria
  • 1903 1st national bird reservation established in Sebastian, Florida
  • 1903 Stanley Cup, Dey's Arena, Ottawa, Ontario: Ottawa HC beats Rat Portage Thisles, 4-2 for a 2-0 challenge series sweep
  • 1903 WB Yeats & Lady Gregory's "Hour-glass" premieres in Dublin
  • 1904 In a landmark case, Northern Securities Company v United States, the US Supreme Court finds the company has violated the Sherman Anti-Trust Act; first case in T. Roosevelt's 'trust-busting' campaign
  • 1907 By Presidential order, Japanese laborers are excluded from entering the USA
  • 1908 Stanley Cup, Montreal Arena, Westmount, Quebec: Montreal Wanderers beat Toronto Professionals, 6-4
  • 1909 Amsterdam Social-Democratic Party (SDP) forms
  • 1910 Lakeview Gusher, the largest U.S. oil well gusher near Bakersfield, California, vented to atmosphere
  • 1912 King Vittorio Emanuel III of Italy injured in an assassination attempt

Historic Event

1913 John D. Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation

  • 1913 South African Supreme Court declares that marriages not celebrated according to Christian rites and/or not registered by the Registrar of Marriages, are invalid; all Muslim and Hindu marriages are therefore declared invalid
  • 1914 Serbia & Turkey sign peace treaty
  • 1915 German cruiser Dresden scuttled off Más a Tierra, Chile, having been pursued by the Royal Navy after the Battle of the Falkland Islands, with her engines worn out and virtually no coal
  • 1916 Battle of Verdun: Germans capture Cumières-le-Mort-Homme and Chattancourt in France
  • 1918 1st concrete ship to cross the Atlantic (Faith) is launched in San Francisco
  • 1922 KGU-AM in Honolulu HI begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 KSD-AM in Saint Louis MO begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 WGR-AM in Buffalo NY begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Allies accepts Vilnius taking East-Galicia in Poland
  • 1923 German Supreme Court prohibits NSDAP (Nazi party)

Historic Event

1923 US President Warren G. Harding becomes 1st president to pay taxes

  • 1926 Train in Costa Rica falls into the Río Virilla, killing 248 and injuring 93
  • 1931 1st theater built for rear movie projection (NYC)
  • 1933 Civilian Conservation Corp begins tree conservation
  • 1935 36-Folsom becomes 1st line to use 1-man streetcars in San Francisco
  • 1936 Federal Register, 1st magazine of the US government, publishes 1st issue
  • 1936 Wales beats Ireland, 3-0 in Cardiff to clinch the Home Nations Rugby Championship with a 2-1-0 record

Radio History

1937 Battle of the Century: Fred Allen & Jack Benny meet on radio during their "feud"

Catholic Encyclical

1937 Pope Pius XI publishes anti-nazi-encyclical Mit brennender Sorge

  • 1939 England draw with South Africa at Durban on the 10th day
  • 1939 Nazi Germany dissolves Republic of Czechoslovakia
  • 1940 27 killed, 15 injured when truck full of migrant workers collides with a train outside McAllen, Texas

Film Premier

1940 "The Road to Singapore" directed by Victor Schertzinger starring Bob Hope, Bing Crosby and Dorothy Lamour, first of seven such films premieres

  • 1941 Nazi occupiers of Holland forbid Jewish owned companies
  • 1941 Xavier Cugat & orchestra record "Babalu"

Historic Event

1943 World War II: Kraków Ghetto is "liquidated"

  • 1945 RAF bomb cuts railway link Hannover-Hamm
  • 1948 Freedom Train arrives in San Francisco
  • 1950 FBI's "10 Most Wanted Fugitives" program begins
  • 1951 Earthquake at Euskirchen, Germany
  • 1953 KOLR TV channel 10 in Springfield, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting

Baseball Record

1954 Milwaukee Braves future home run king Hank Aaron homers in his debut exhibition game against the Boston Red Sox

  • 1954 KDAL (now KDLH) TV channel 3 in Duluth-Superior, MN (CBS) begins
  • 1954 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Louise Suggs wins her second Titleholders title by 7 strokes from Patty Berg
  • 1955 Prince Mahemdra becomes king of Nepal

Contract of Interest

1956 50-year-old baseball pitching star Satchel Paige signs a contract to play for and manage the Birmingham Black Barons of the Negro National League

  • 1957 Indonesian government of Sastroamidjojo resigns
  • 1958 RIAA certifies 1st gold record (Perry Como's Catch A Falling Star)
  • 1958 Recording Industry Association of American created
  • 1958 South Africa's government prohibits the African National Congress
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1960 14 die in a train crash in Bakersfield Calif

NBA Record

1960 Philadelphia center Wilt Chamberlain sets NBA playoff record of 53 points in Warriors' 132-112 win over Syracuse Nationals at Philadelphia Civic Center

  • 1961 Former New York Yankees general manager George Weiss becomes first President of New York Mets after MLB expansion franchise formed
  • 1962 Disarmament conference opens in Geneva without France

NHL Record

1962 Red Wings' forward Gordie Howe becomes second player in NHL history to score 500 career goals in Detroit's 3-2 loss to NY Rangers

  • 1964 "Girl Who Came to Supper" closes at Broadway NYC after 112 performances
  • 1965 Israeli cabinet approves diplomatic relations with West Germany

Film Release

1966 British film "Born Free" based on the book "Born Free" by Joy Adamson released starring Virginia McKenna and Bill Travers

Historic Event

1967 JFK's body moved from temporary grave to a permanent memorial

  • 1967 1967 NFL Draft: Michigan State defensive end Bubba Smith first pick by Baltimore Colts
  • 1968 CBS TV suspends Radio Free Europe free advertising because RFE doesn't make it clear it is sponsored by the CIA
  • 1969 Barbara Jo Rubin becomes first female jockey to win at Aqueduct Racetrack, NYC aboard 2-year-old bay Bravy Galaxy at 13 to 1
  • 1969 West Indies cricket batsman Seymour Nurse scores career high 258 in his last Test innings in 3rd Test win over NZ at Christchurch

TV Show Appearance

1971 Barbra Streisand appears on "The Burt Bacharach Special" on CBS TV

  • 1971 South Vietnamese troops flee Laos

Music History

1971 The Rolling Stones leave England for France to escape taxes

Australian Men's Tennis Open

1971 Australian Open Men's Tennis: Ken Rosewall of Australia beats American defending champion Arthur Ashe 6-1, 7-5, 6-3; first man to win an Open era Grand Slam singles title without dropping a set

  • 1972 NBA's Cincinnati Royals, plagued by poor home attendance, announce they are moving franchise to Kansas City

Grammy Awards

1972 14th Grammy Awards: Carole King's "It's Too Late"; Bill Withers' "Ain't No Sunshine"; Carly Simon; Isaac Hayes; Muddy Waters; and Bill Evans win

Grammy Awards

1972 Muddy Waters wins his first Grammy Award, for his album"They Call Me Muddy Waters"

  • 1972 Two IRA members shot dead by British soldiers in the Bogside area of Derry
  • 1973 Liam Cosgrave appointed president of Ireland

Historic Event

1973 Future US senator John McCain is released after spending over five years in a North Vietnamese prisoner of war camp

  • 1976 Jockey Bill Shoemaker wins his 7,000th race
  • 1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1978 Marines terminate Moluccan action in Province house (1 dead)
  • 1978 NFL permanently adds 7th official (side judge)
  • 1979 A Hawker Siddeley Trident crashes into a factory near Beijing, China, killing at least 200
  • 1980 Ice Dance Championship at Dortmund West Germany won by Regoczy & Sallay
  • 1980 Ice Pairs Championship at Dortmund won by Cherkasova & Shakhrai (USSR)
  • 1980 Polish airliner crash kills all 87 aboard (22 are US amateur boxers)
  • 1980 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Dortmund won by Anett Potzsch
  • 1981 NCAA St Joseph's upsets top seed DePaul 49-48
  • 1982 Sidath Wettimuny scores Sri Lanka's 1st Test Cricket century
  • 1983 OPEC cut oil prices for 1st time in 23 years
  • 1984 Challenger moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida), for mating of STS 41-C mission
  • 1984 Gerry Adams, head of Sinn Féin, is seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in central Belfast
  • 1985 Michael Secrest (US) completes 24-hr ride of 516 miles, 427 yards
  • 1986 European Space Agency's Giotto flies by Halley's Comet (605 km)
  • 1987 Providence, with Billy Donovan's 25 points, beats Austin Peay 90-87
  • 1987 Skier Piotr Fijas jumps record 194m
  • 1987 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Cincinnati won by Katarina Witt

Sports History

1987 NY Met Darryl Strawberry charges Red Sox pitcher Al Nipper during spring training exhibition game, causes bench clearing brawl

Film and TV Awards

1987 13th People's Choice Awards: Clint Eastwood & Meryl Streep win (Motion Picture) and Bill Cosby & Cybill Shepherd win (TV)

Soul Train Music Awards

1990 4th Soul Train Music Awards: Soul II Soul, Janet Jackson win

Historic Event

1990 Mikhail Gorbachev becomes president of the Soviet Congress

  • 1991 Emir of Kuwait returns to Kuwait City, after the Iraqis leave
  • 1991 Ice Dance Championship at Munich won by Isabel & Phil Duchesnay (FRA)
  • 1991 Ice Pairs Championship at Munich won by N Mishkutenok & A Dmitriev
  • 1991 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Munich won by Kurt Browning (CAN)
  • 1991 English Court of Appeal frees "Birmingham 6" who had been unjustly sentenced in August 1975 to life imprisonment

Music Concert

1991 The Dave Matthews Band perform their first show as part of a benefit for the Middle East Children's Alliance

Sports History

1992 NY Met Daryl Boston, Vince Coleman & Dwight Gooden accused of rape

  • 1992 Soviet newspaper "Pravda" suspends publication

Farm Aid Concert

1992 Farm Aid V held in Irving, Texas; performers include Willie Nelson, John Mellencamp, Neil Young, Arlo Guthrie, Asleep At The Wheel, Kentucky Headhunters, Texas Tornadoes, Bonnie Raitt, Tracy Chapman, Paul Simon, and Mary Chapin Carpenter

  • 1993 "Conversations with My Father" closes at Royale NYC after 462 performances
  • 1993 "Face Value" closes at Cort Theater NYC after * performances
  • 1993 "Saint Joan" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 49 performances
  • 1993 3,000th performance of "Nunsense"
  • 1993 Johan Koss skates world record 5km (6:36.57)
  • 1993 Ricky Ponting hits twin tons for Tasmania aged 18 years 84 days
  • 1993 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Championship in Prague won by Ukrainian Oksana Baiul
  • 1993 40th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Georgia Tech beats #1 North Carolina, 77-75
  • 1993 34th SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Kentucky beats LSU, 82-65
  • 1993 14th Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: Seton Hall beats Syracuse, 103-70
  • 1994 Mexican banker and billionaire Alfredo Harp Helu kidnapped
  • 1994 Soyuz TM-21 launches with V Dezyurov, G Strekalov & N Thagard
  • 1994 Timeline of Linux development: Linux kernel version 1.0.0 is released.
  • 1995 1st time 13 people in space
  • 1996 Australia beat West Indies by 5 runs in amazing cricket World Cup semi
  • 1996 Crufts show at NEC Birmingham, (1995 winner, Joshua, an Irish setter)
  • 1997 68 year old Gordie Howe signs AHL contract with Syracuse Crunch
  • 1997 Iranian military plane crashes, killing 80
  • 1997 Olympic gold medalist Michael Johnson wins 67th James E Sullivan Award

Historic Event

1997 President Clinton trips & injures his knee requiring surgery

  • 1997 The Chinese city of Chongqing (formerly Chunking) is upgraded to a centrally administered municipality.
  • 2003 Start of weekend of protests against war in Iraq that are attended by millions
  • 2004 51st ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Maryland beats #5 Duke, 95-87
  • 2004 45th SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Kentucky beats Florida, 89-73

WrestleMania

2004 WrestleMania XX, Madison Square Garden, NYC: Chris Benoit wins Triple Threat title match with Triple H and Shawn Michaels

  • 2005 Cedar Revolution, where over a million Lebanese march in the streets of Beirut to demonstrate against the Syrian military presence in Lebanon, and against the government, following the assassination of Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.

Hall of Fame

2005 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees: Buddy Guy; The O'Jays; The Pretenders; Percy Sledge; U2; Frank Barsalona; and Seymour Stein

Film & TV History

2006 Mike Wallace retires from news program "60 Minutes" after 37 years

  • 2009 Canterbury winger Hazem El Masri becomes highest point scorer in Australian Rugby League history; 33rd minute penalty in Bulldogs' 34-12 win over Manly at ANZ Stadium, Sydney takes him to 2,178; Andrew Johns, 2,176
  • 2010 57th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: #4 Duke beats Georgia Tech, 65-61
  • 2010 51st SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Kentucky beats Mississippi State, 75-74 (OT)

Hall of Fame

2011 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees: Alice Cooper Band; Neil Diamond; Dr. John; Darlene Love; Tom Waits; Leon Russell; Jac Holzman; and Art Rupe

  • 2013 25 people are killed and 50 are wounded by a series of car bombings in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013 7 people are killed after gunmen storm a bar in Cancun, Mexico

Historic Event

2013 Xi Jinping is named as the new President of the People's Republic of China

  • 2015 62nd ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Notre Dame beats North Carolina, 90-82
  • 2015 36th Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: Villanova beats Xavier, 69-52

Historic Event

2016 President Putin orders Russian troops out of Syria

  • 2016 Marco Rubio announces he is dropping out of the Republican presidential nomination race
  • 2016 NASA releases data showing February 2016 warmest month ever recorded globally - 1.35C above the long-term average
  • 2017 European Court of Justice rules companies can ban staff from wearing religious symbols, including headscarves
  • 2017 World's oldest golf club Muirfield in Scotland, votes to admit women as members for 1st time in 273 years
  • 2018 UK announces it will expel 23 Russian diplomats after Russian-made nerve agent used on former spy in UK

Historic Event

2018 NASA twin study finds that Scott Kelly is no longer identical to his twin brother after one year in space, 7% of his genes altered

  • 2018 World Happiness Report names Finland as world's happiest country and Burundi the unhappiest

Election of Interest

2018 Angela Merkel sworn in for fourth term as German Chancellor, head of a coalition government, 171 days after the general election

  • 2018 US students across American commemorate Florida high school shooting with mass walkouts across the country
  • 2018 Brazilian human rights politician Marielle Franco is murdered in Rio, prompting mass protests

Historic Event

2019 US Senate passes resolution overturning President Donald Trump's national emergency declaration

  • 2019 Former US Democratic representative Beto O'Rourke announces he is running for president
  • 2019 Google announces its employee Emma Haruka Iwao has broken the world record for calculating pi, to 31.4 trillion digits, on pi day using Google Cloud
  • 2019 California officially free of drought for the first time in more than 7 years (Dec 2011)
  • 2019 Tropical Cyclone Idai comes ashore in Mozambique, killing at least 417 people, and Malawi killing at least 56, after causing widespread flooding,