Historical Events on March 15

Assassination of Julius Caesar

44 BC Julius Caesar is stabbed to death by Brutus, Cassius and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March in Rome

  • 221 Liu Bei, a Chinese warlord and member of the Han royal house, declares himself Emperor of Shu-Han, claiming legitimate succession to the Han Dynasty

Roman Empire

351 Constantius II elevates his cousin Gallus to Caesar, and puts him in charge of the Eastern part of the Roman Empire.

  • 493 Theodoric the Great, King of the Ostrogoths, murders King Odoacer of Italy with his sword at a banquet in Ravenna
  • 933 Battle of Riade: German King Henry I beats Magyars
  • 1311 Battle of Halmyros: The Catalan Company defeats Walter V of Brienne to take control of the Duchy of Athens, a Crusader state in Greece.
  • 1360 French attack English south coast, raiding Winchelsea
  • 1382 Conservative "Popolo Grasso" regain power in Florence, Italy
  • 1391 Anti-Semite monk in Seville, Spain stirs up people to attack Jews

Voyage of Discovery

1493 Christopher Columbus returns to Spain after his first voyage to the New World

  • 1526 French Dauphin Francis and his brother Henry exchanged as hostages for their father Francis I, beginning four years of captivity in Spain under Treaty of Madrid
  • 1529 Second Diet of Speyer convenes, condemns and attempts to reverse 1526 Diet of Speyers relaxation of ban on Luther's teachings); official protest to attempted reversal on 25 April creates the term "Protestantism"
  • 1560 Failed assault on royal palace in Amboise, France
  • 1562 General Francois de Guise enters Paris

Historic Event

1580 Spanish King Philip II puts 25,000 gold coins on head of Prince William of Orange

Historic Event

1672 King Charles II enacts Declaration of Indulgence

  • 1729 Sister St Stanislas Hachard, 1st American nun, takes her vows in New Orleans
  • 1744 French King Louis XV declares war on Britain

Historic Event

1778 Nootka Sound, Vancouver Island discovered by Captain James Cook

Battle of Interest

1781 Battle of Guilford Court House; British troops under Cornwallis defeat American forces but their heavy losses led to ceding of territory and a strategic loss

Historic Event

1783 In an emotional speech in Newburgh, New York, George Washington asks his officers not to support the Newburgh Conspiracy. The plea is successful and the threatened coup d'etat never takes place.

  • 1812 1st Russian settlement in California at Russian River
  • 1820 Maine admitted as 23rd state of the Union
  • 1827 University of Toronto is chartered
  • 1848 A revolution breaks out in Hungary. The Habsburg rulers are compelled to meet the demands of the Reform party.
  • 1855 Louisiana establishes 1st health board to regulate quarantine
  • 1862 General John Hunt Morgan begins 4 days of raids near Gallatin, Tennessee
  • 1864 Red River Campaign-Union forces reach Alexandria, Louisiana
  • 1867 Michigan becomes 1st state to tax property to support a university
  • 1869 With 10 salaried players, Cincinnati Red Stockings become baseball's first professional team
  • 1875 1st US cardinal (John McCloskey) invested
  • 1877 Australian batsman Charles Bannerman completes first Test century in cricket history in 1st Test v England in Melbourne; retires hurt on 165 the following day
  • 1877 Cricket's inaugural Test match commences as Australia plays England at the Melbourne Cricket Ground; Australia wins by 45 runs in 4 days
  • 1885 1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Lesson Djinns"
  • 1887 1st salaried fish & game warden (William Alden Smith in Michigan)
  • 1889 6 US & German warships sunk by a typhoon in Apia harbour, Samoa, 200 die
  • 1892 1st escalator patented by inventor Jesse W Reno (NYC)
  • 1892 New York State unveils automatic ballot booth (voting machine)
  • 1897 1st indoor fly casting tournament opens, at Madison Square Garden

Historic Event

1906 Britons Henry Rolls, Charles Royce and Claude Johnson formalize their existing partnership as Rolls Royce Ltd

  • 1907 Finland is 1st European country to give women the right to vote

Music Premiere

1908 1st performance of Maurice Ravel's "Rapsodie Espagnole"

Sports History

1912 Legendary pitcher Cy Young retires from baseball with 511-315 win-loss record

Conference of Interest

1913 1st US presidential press conference (Woodrow Wilson)

  • 1913 Cleveland establishes 1st small claims court
  • 1916 Dutch merchant ship Tubantia torpedoed by German submarine & sinks in North Sea
  • 1916 General Pershing and 15,000 troops chase Pancho Villa into Mexico
  • 1916 University of Ghent taken under Dutch control

Historic Event

1917 Nicholas II, the last Russian Tsar abdicates and nominates his brother Grand Duke Michael to succeed him [OS Mar 2]

  • 1919 American Legion forms (Paris)
  • 1922 1st southern radio station begins (WSB, Atlanta Georgia)
  • 1922 France, which up until now has insisted on currency for all WWI reparation payments from Germany, now accepts raw materials as payment
  • 1922 Sultan Faud crowned King of Egypt, England recognizes Egypt
  • 1926 Belgium's "black monday", franc falls

Historic Event

1928 Benito Mussolini modifies Italy electoral system (abolishes right to choose)

  • 1930 1st seaplane glider flown at Port Washington, NY
  • 1930 1st streamlined submarine of US navy, USS Nautilus, launched
  • 1933 NAACP begins coordinated attack on segregation & discrimination
  • 1934 US Information Service opens

Cricket History

1935 Brilliant batsman George Headley steers West Indies to an innings victory over England in 4th cricket Test at Kingston, Jamaica with a patient, unbeaten 270

  • 1937 1st state contraceptive clinic opens in Raleigh, North Carolina
  • 1937 First American blood bank in a hospital is opened at Cook County Hospital in Chicago, Illinois

Hitler Invades Czechoslovakia

1939 Adolf Hitler summons Czech President Emil Hácha to a meeting in Berlin and informs him of the impending attack by Germany; Hácha suffers a heart attack and later capitulates

Historic Event

1939 Reneging on his pledge in the Munich Agreement, Adolf Hitler and Germany occupy and annex Czechoslovakia

Historic Event

1940 Hermann Goering says 100-200 church bells enough for Germany, smelt the rest

  • 1941 Blizzard in North Dakota kills 151 people
  • 1943 Allied reconnaissance flight over Java
  • 1943 Red Army evacuates Kharkov
  • 1944 Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing
  • 1945 As a symbol of wartime baseball, Bert Shepard (one-legged WWII veteran) begins a successful tryout as a pitcher for the Washington Senators
  • 1945 Billboard publishes its 1st album chart (King Cole Trio is #1)
  • 1945 Catholic University of Nijmegen reopens

Agreement of Interest

1946 British Prime Minister Clement Attlee agrees with India's right to independence

  • 1947 John Lee appointed 1st black commissioned officer in US Navy

Film & TV History

1948 Sir Laurence Olivier on the cover of LIFE magazine

  • 1948 WCAU TV channel 10 in Philadelphia, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting

Knighthood

1949 Cricket's master batsman Don Bradman receives his knighthood from the Governor-General of Australia, the Rt Hon. WJ McKell at the investiture in Queen’s Hall, Parliament House, Melbourne

  • 1949 WICU TV channel 12 in Erie, PA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1949 WLWD (now WDTN) TV channel 2 in Dayton, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1950 Gian Carlo Menotti's Pulitzer Prize winning opera "The Consul" opens at Barrymore Theater, NYC; runs for 269 performances
  • 1950 NYC hires Dr Wallace E Howell as its official "rainmaker"
  • 1951 Persia nationalizes Anglo-Iranian Oil Company
  • 1951 UN forces recapture Seoul, the fourth and final time the city changes hands in the Korean War
  • 1952 "2 in the Aisle" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 276 performances
  • 1952 Greatest 24-hr rainfall begins: 187 cm at La Reunion, Indian Ocean

Golf Tournament

1953 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Patty Berg wins her 5th Titleholders title by 9 strokes from Betsy Rawls

  • 1953 West Germany loses in soccer to Netherlands, 2-1
  • 1954 WSJV TV channel 28 in Elkhart-South Bend, IN (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 Dutch 2nd Chamber requires TV licenses
  • 1955 US Air Force unveils self-guided missile
  • 1955 WLEX TV channel 18 in Lexington, KY (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 "My Fair Lady" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 2,715 performances
  • 1958 "Body Beautiful" musical closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 60 performances
  • 1958 England retains the Five Nations Rugby Championship with a 3-3 draw against Scotland at Murrayfield, Edinburgh; England’s 16th FN title
  • 1958 KULR TV channel 8 in Billings, MT (NBC/ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting

Sports History

1958 Oscar Robertson of Cincinnati Royals scores a NBA midwest region-record 56-point game

  • 1958 Royals basketball star Maurice Stokes collapses during a playoff game with encephalitis; He goes into a coma & is permanently disabled
  • 1958 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test in Ground Zero, Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan (of 36 total for 1958)
  • 1959 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Louise Suggs wins her 4th Titleholders title by 1 stroke from Betsy Rawls
  • 1959 Robert Foster sets record by staying underwater 13 m 42.5 s
  • 1959 WILX TV channel 10 in Lansing, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1960 Key Largo Coral Reef Preserve, also known as John D. Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park, established as 1st underwater park, off the coast of Florida
  • 1961 South Africa withdraws from British Commonwealth
  • 1962 Donald Jackson of Canada is 1st to land a triple lutz ice skate jump
  • 1962 Five research groups announce the discovery of anti-matter
  • 1962 KATU TV channel 2 in Portland, OR (ABC) begins broadcasting

Music Premiere

1962 Richard Rodgers' musical drama "No Strings", starring Diahann Carroll and Richard Kiley, opens at the 54th Street Theatre (later transferring to the Broadhurst), New York; runs for 580 performances and wins 3 Tony Awards

Sports History

1962 Wilt Chamberlain is 1st to score 4,000 pts in an NBA season

  • 1963 WFAN TV channel 14 in Washington, D.C. (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1964 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1965 T.G.I. Friday's 1st restaurant opens in NYC
  • 1965 WMFE TV channel 24 in Orlando, FL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1966 Racial riots erupt in the Watts section of Los Angeles, California
  • 1967 Allied Forces Central Europe (AFCENT)-headquarter moves from France to Brunssum, Netherlands
  • 1967 Marshal Arturo da Costa e Silva sworn in as President of Brazil
  • 1967 WSJK TV channel 2 in Sneedville/Knoxville, Tennessee (PBS) 1st broadcast
  • 1968 Bob Beamon sets indoor long jump record (27'2-3/4")

Historic Event

1968 British Foreign Secretary George Brown resigns after having a drunken row with Prime Minister Harold Wilson

  • 1968 Diocese of Rome announces that it "deplored the concept", but wouldn't prohibit rock & roll masses at Church of San Lessio Falconieri

Music History

1968 LIFE magazine calls Jimi Hendrix "most spectacular guitarist in the world"

  • 1968 Uprising in South Yemen
  • 1968 US Mint stops buying & selling gold
  • 1969 US Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas resigns
  • 1969 Violent Chinese-Russian border dispute leaves 100s dead
  • 1970 Expo '70 opens in Osaka, Japan
  • 1970 Gary Geld & Peter Udell's "Purlie" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 689 performances
  • 1971 Chatrooms make their debut on ARPANET, the forerunner of the Internet

Film Premiere

1972 "The Godfather", based on the book by Mario Puzo, directed by Francis Ford Coppola and starring Marlon Brando and Al Pacino, premieres in NYC (Academy Awards Best Picture 1973)

  • 1972 Danish airliner hit mountain in Sheikdom of Oman killing 112
  • 1972 NASA selects 3 part configuration for Space Shuttle
  • 1972 Two British soldiers killed when attempting to defuse a bomb in Belfast; an RUC officer is also killed in an IRA attack in Coalisland, County Tyrone
  • 1974 Brazilian president Garastazu Médici resigns
  • 1975 "That's the Way of the World" 6th studio album by Earth, Wind & Fire is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1975)
  • 1975 Bundy victim Julie Cunningham disappears from Vail, Colorado
  • 1975 Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 500m (37.99 sec)
  • 1975 Wales trounce Ireland, 32-4 at the National Stadium, Cardiff to clinch their 18th Five Nations Rugby Championship
  • 1976 Failed coup in Niger
  • 1977 "Eight is Enough" premieres on ABC-TV
  • 1977 TV comedy "Three's Company" starring John Ritter, Suzanne Somers and Joyce DeWitt premieres on ABC
  • 1977 US House of Representatives begins 90 day test of televising its sessions
  • 1978 -21] operation Litani: Israeli offensive in South Lebanon
  • 1978 A's trade Vida Blue to Giants for 7 players & $390,000
  • 1978 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1979 Apparat releases Newdos + 2.1 for Radio Shack's TRS-80

NHL Record

1979 Isle's Bryan Trottier's 5th career hat trick

  • 1979 Sarfraz takes 9-86 at MCG as Australia lose 7-5 to lose the Test
  • 1980 England beats Scotland, 30-18 at Murrayfield, Edinburgh to claim it's 18th outright Five Nations Rugby Championship, 8th Grand Slam and 15th Triple Crown
  • 1981 "Broadway Follies" opens/closes at Nederlander Theater NYC
  • 1981 Suriname failed coup under sgt-mjr Wilfred Hawker
  • 1982 Actress Theresa Saladana, stabbed repeatedly by obsessed fan
  • 1982 KGB-AM in San Diego CA changes call letters to KCNN (now KPOP)
  • 1982 Nicaragua suspends their citizens rights for 30 days
  • 1983 Karnataka beat Bombay on 1st innings to win cricket Ranji Trophy
  • 1984 Tanzania adopts constitution

Boxing Title Fight

1985 Larry Holmes TKOs David Bey in 10 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1985 The first Internet domain name, symbolics.com is registered
  • 1985 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1986 Funeral services held for murdered Swedish PM Olaf Palme
  • 1986 Scotland (10-9 v Ireland) and France (29-10 v England) win their final round matches to share the Five Nations Rugby Championship with 3-1 records
  • 1987 "Starlight Express" opens at Gershwin Theater in NYC for 761 performances
  • 1987 "Sweet Charity" closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 368 performances
  • 1987 Last day in Test cricket for Larry Gomes & Joel Garner
  • 1987 NZ beat WI by 5 wickets in Jeremy Coney's last Test Cricket
  • 1987 US Davis Cup team loses to Paraguay
  • 1988 Eugene Marino of Atlanta appointed 1st African American archbishop
  • 1988 NASA reports accelerated breakdown of ozone layer by CFK
  • 1988 NFL's St Louis Cardinals officially move to Phoenix
  • 1989 "Les Miserables" opens at Royal Alexandra Theatre Toronto
  • 1989 NY Rangers retire goalie Eddie Giacomin's #1 uniform
  • 1989 US Department of Veterans Affairs officially established as a Cabinet position
  • 1990 Fernando Collor de Mello sworn in as President of Brazil

Rodney King Riots

1991 4 officers of the Los Angeles Police Department are charged with excessive force over the beating of Rodney King

  • 1991 Sergei Bubka pole vaults world record 6.14m (20 feet 1 3/4)
  • 1991 Territories of Amapa & Roraima become states in Brazil
  • 1992 13th Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: Syracuse beats Georgetown, 56-54
  • 1992 33rd SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Kentucky beats Alabama, 80-54
  • 1992 39th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: #1 Duke beats #20 North Carolina, 94-74
  • 1992 UN officially embarks on its largest peacekeeping operation
  • 1993 In a landmark case, Mohamed Tabet, police commissioner of Casablanca, is convicted of sexually abusing over 1,500 women and sentenced to death
  • 1993 Vinod Kambli scores 227 v Zimbabwe, his 2nd consecutive Test 200

Soul Train Music Awards

1994 8th Soul Train Music Awards: Toni Braxton, Whitney Houston win

  • 1994 Experts from AL certify the Cleveland Indians Jacobs Field is properly lit
  • 1997 France beats Scotland, 47-20 at Parc des Princes, Paris to claim an 11th outright Five Nations Rugby Championship and 5th Triple Crown; fly-half Christophe Lamaison lands 6 penalties and 3 conversions
  • 1997 Pitts Penguins' Joe Mullen, is 1st American to score 500 NHL goals
  • 1998 An earthquake measuring 6.4 on the Richter scale hits southeastern Iran

Music History

1998 Revival of John Kander and Fred Ebb's "Cabaret", starring Alan Cumming and Natasha Richardson, opens at Club Expo Theater, NYC; runs for 2,377 performances and wins 4 Tony Awards

Hall of Fame

1999 14th Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees: Billy Joel; Curtis Mayfield; Paul McCartney; Del Shannon; Dusty Springfield; Bruce Springsteen; The Staple Singers; Charles Brown; Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys; and George Martin

  • 2001 The world's largest oil rig, located off Brazil and operated by Petrobras, suffers three explosions
  • 2003 24th Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: Pittsburgh beats Connecticut, 74-56

Historic Event

2003 Hu Jintao becomes President of the People's Republic of China

Hall of Fame

2004 19th Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees: Jackson Browne; The Dells; George Harrison; Prince; Bob Seger; Traffic; ZZ Top; and Jann Wenner

  • 2004 Announcement of the discovery of 90377 Sedna, the farthest natural object in the Solar system so far observed
  • 2006 18th Commonwealth Games open in Melbourne, Australia
  • 2008 29th Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: Pittsburgh beats Georgetown, 74-65