On This Day

Historical Events on March 16

  • 597 BC Babylonians capture Jerusalem, replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king
  • 1079 Iran adopts solar Hijrah calendar
  • 1190 York Progrom: Jews living in York, England, besieged in Clifford's Tower and massacred or commit suicide rather than submit to baptism
  • 1249 The Servite Order is officially approved by Cardinal Raniero Capocci, papal legate in Tuscany
  • 1322 The Battle of Boroughbridge takes place in the First War of Scottish Independence
  • 1345 Holy spirit glides above fire: "the miracle of Amsterdam" (legend)

Historic Event

1517 Pope Leo X signs 5th Council of Lateranen

Victory in Battle

1527 Battle of Khanua: Mughal Emperor Babur defeats Rajput forces led by Rana Sanga consolidating Mughal power

  • 1621 Native American chief visits colony of Plymouth, Massachusetts
  • 1641 General court declares RI a democracy & adopts new constitution
  • 1660 English Long Parliament disbands
  • 1689 The 23rd Regiment of Foot or Royal Welch Fusiliers is founded. In 2004 it merged with the Royal Regiment of Wales to form the Royal Welsh Regiment.

Historic Event

1690 French King Louis XIV sends troops to Ireland

  • 1730 Willem Charles Henry Friso installed as viceroy of Drenthe
  • 1731 Treaty of Vienna signed by Prince Eugene of Savoy, Count Sinzendorf and Count Gundacker, Thomas Stahremberg and the British envoy to Vienna, Sir Thomas Robinson.

Assassination of King Gustav III

1792 King Gustav III of Sweden is shot by Count Jacob Johan Anckarström at a masked ball at the Opera; he dies on March 29

  • 1802 US Army Corps of Engineers established (2nd time)
  • 1802 1st US Military Academy at West Point is established through Congressional act (opened July 4, 1802)
  • 1815 Willem I proclaimed King of the Netherlands, including Belgium

Victory in Battle

1818 Second Battle of Cancha Rayada - Spanish forces defeat Chileans under José de San Martín

  • 1827 First US newspaper, "Freedom's Journal" owned and operated by African Americans begins publishing in New York City
  • 1829 Ohio authorizes high school night classes
  • 1830 London's re-organised police force (Scotland Yard)
  • 1830 New York Stock Exchange slowest day ever (31 shares traded)

Historic Event

1834 Charles Darwin, aboard HMS Beagle, anchors in the recently British-acquired Falklands Islands for the first time

  • 1836 Constitution of the Republic of Texas approved, legalises slavery

Historic Publication

1850 Nathaniel Hawthorne's "The Scarlet Letter" published by Ticknor, Reed and Fields in Boston

  • 1861 Arizona Territory votes to leave the Union (US Civil War)
  • 1861 Confederate government appoints commissioners to Britain

Historic Event

1861 Edward Clark became Governor of Texas, replacing Sam Houston, who is evicted from the office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy (US Civil War)

  • 1862 Battle at Pound Gap, Kentucky: Confederates separate battles
  • 1865 Battle of Averasboro North Carolina (1,500 casualties)
  • 1867 First publication of an article by Joseph Lister outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery, in "The Lancet"

Historic Event

1869 Hiram R. Revels makes 1st official speech by an African American in the Senate

  • 1871 1st fertilizer law enacted
  • 1872 1st English FA Cup Final, Kennington Oval, London: Wanderers defeat Royal Engineers, 1-0; Morton Betts scores winner
  • 1875 English FA Cup Final Replay, Kennington Oval, London: Royal Engineers beat Old Etonians, 2-0 after initial 1-1 draw
  • 1876 Nelly Saunders & Rose Harland fight 1st female boxing match (NY)

First Geneva Convention

1882 U.S. Senate ratifies the Geneva Convention of 1864, legitimatizing the International Red Cross and the American Red Cross

  • 1883 Susan Hayhurst becomes 1st US woman graduate of a pharmacy college

Music Premiere

1894 Jules Massenet's opera "Thaïs" premieres in Paris, includes piece “Méditation” for violin and orchestra

  • 1896 Premiere of Mahler's "Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen"

Meeting of Interest

1900 AL meets in Chicago, Ban Johnson announces AL league will be Chicago White Stockings, Washington Senators, Milwaukee Brewers, Detroit Tigers, Cleveland Blues, Boston Americans, Philadelphia Athletics and Baltimore Orioles

  • 1900 Sir Arthur Evans rediscovers the bronze age city of Knossos in Crete, home of the legendary Minotaur

Music History

1900 Isadora Duncan giver her first dance performance in Europe, in London

  • 1907 First 1st-class cricket game between NSW & Western Australia
  • 1910 Barney Oldfield uses a Benz to break the existing records at Daytona Beach Road Course (131.25mph)
  • 1911 Stanley Cup, Dey's Arena, Ottawa, ON: Ottawa Senators beat Port Arthur Bearcats (ON), 13-4
  • 1912 American first lady Helen Herron Taft plants the 1st cherry tree in Washington, D.C.
  • 1915 British battle cruisers Inflexible & Irresistible hit mines in Dardanelles
  • 1915 Federal Trade Commission organizes
  • 1916 James Barries' "Kiss for Cinderella" premieres in London
  • 1916 US & Canada sign migratory bird treaty

Historic Event

1917 Russian Grand Duke Michael, brother of Tsar Nicholas II declines the Russian throne [OS Mar 3]

  • 1918 Geoffrey O'Hara's "K-K-K-Katy" song published

Theater Premiere

1919 Frank Wedekind's play "Elius Erweckung" premieres in Hamburg

  • 1920 1 Acre Park also known as Baby Park in the Bronx renamed Melrose Park
  • 1921 Britain signs a trade agreement with the USSR and sends a trade mission to Moscow: this goes against the US, who in the same month refused to sign a trade agreement
  • 1922 Egypt achieves independence from Britain, but British troops remain
  • 1922 WKY-AM in Oklahoma City OK begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Hugo von Hofmannsthal's "Der Unbestechliche" premieres in Vienna

Historic Event

1924 The free port of Fiume is formally annexed by Mussolini's fascist regime.

Historic Invention

1926 Robert H. Goddard launches the first liquid-fueled rocket, goes 184' (56 meters)

  • 1929 WHP-AM in Harrisburg PA begins radio transmissions
  • 1930 USS Constitution (Old Ironsides) floated out to become a national shrine
  • 1931 Genootschap Onze Taal (Our Language) organizes (Netherlands)

Appointment of Interest

1933 Adolf Hitler names Hjalmar Schacht as President of Bank of Germany

  • 1934 US Congress passes Migratory Bird Conservation Act
  • 1934 Academy Award gold statuette 1st called Oscar in print by Sidney Skolsky

Academy Awards

1934 6th Academy Awards: "Cavalcade" and its director Frank Lloyd, Charles Laughton (The Private Life of Henry VIII), and Katharine Hepburn (Morning Glory) win; host Will Rogers announces "Come and get it, Frank" and Frank Capra gets up

  • 1935 Adolf Hitler orders German re-armament in violation of The Treaty of Versailles
  • 1935 Scotland beats England, 10-7 at Murrayfield, Edinburgh to allow Ireland to win the Home Nations Rugby Championship with a 2-1 record

Music Premiere

1938 Noël Coward's musical "Operette" premieres in London

  • 1938 Temple defeats Colorado to win 1st NIT
  • 1939 Germany occupies Czechoslovakia
  • 1939 Hungary annexes republic of Karpato-Ukraine
  • 1939 NHL record 10 goals in 1 period-NY Rangers (7), NY Americans (3) & a record 26 points in the 3rd period
  • 1940 German air raid on British fleet base Scapa Flow
  • 1941 Blizzard hits North Dakota & Minnesota killing 60

Music History

1941 Russian composer and pianist Dmitri Shostakovich receives the Stalin Prize

  • 1941 National Gallery of Art opens in Washington, D.C.
  • 1943 Ships Elin K (Norway) and Zaanland (Netherlands) torpedoed by German U-boats and sink
  • 1944 French Vichy Internal minister Pierre Pucheu sentenced to death for treason
  • 1945 Würzburg, Germany is 90% destroyed, with 5,000 dead, in only 20 minutes by British bombers
  • 1946 "Would-Be Gentleman" closes at Booth Theater NYC after 77 performances
  • 1947 Convair Liner, 1st US twin-engine pressurized airplane, tested

Music History

1948 Billie Holiday is released from prison early due to good behavior

  • 1949 KFMB TV channel 8 in San Diego, CA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1950 1st annual National Book Awards
  • 1952 1870 mm rain in Cilaos, Island of Reunion (world record)

Golf Tournament

1952 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Babe Didrikson Zaharias wins her 3rd Titleholders title by 7 strokes from Betsy Rawls

Sports History

1953 AL rejects Bill Veeck's request to move St Louis Browns to Baltimore

  • 1955 Josephine Kroesen appointed as 1st Dutch female judge

Historic Event

1955 President Eisenhower upholds the use of atomic weapons in case of war

Sports History

1955 NHL President Clarence Campbell suspends Montreal Canadiens superstar Maurice "Rocket" Richard for the remainder of the season after he viciously attacked an opponent; Riots ensued in Montreal

  • 1956 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • 1956 US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • 1957 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Patty Berg wins her 7th Titleholders title by 3 strokes from amateur Anne Quast
  • 1957 Toronto Maple Leafs tie NHL record 37 points beating NY Rangers 14-1
  • 1957 England clinches its 15th Five Nations Rugby Championship, the Grand Slam, Triple Crown and Calcutta Cup with a 16-3 win over Scotland at Twickenham, London
  • 1958 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Beverly Hanson wins by 5 strokes ahead of Betty Dodd
  • 1959 Iraq & USSR sign economic and technical treaty
  • 1962 1st launching of Titan 2-rocket
  • 1962 US Super-Constellation disappears above Pacific Ocean, kills 167
  • 1963 England edges Scotland, 10-8 at Twickenham, London to win its 17th Five Nations Rugby Championship

Historic Event

1964 LBJ asks Congress to pass Economic Opportunity Act as part of his War on Poverty

  • 1964 KCOY TV channel 12 in Santa Maria, California (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1964 Paul Hornung & Alex Karras reinstated in NFL after 1 year suspension

Historic Event

1966 Gemini 8 launched with Neil Armstrong and David R. Scott aboard, conducts the 1st docking of two spacecraft in orbit, flight aborted after critical system failure with the crew returned safely to Earth

  • 1966 Man From Uncle star David McCallum receives huge welcome in London
  • 1967 Pirate Radio Station 333 (Radio Britain) ship breaks down
  • 1968 My Lai massacre occurs when American soldiers kill ~400 unarmed Vietnamese civilians, in one of the most controversial incidents of the Vietnam War

Historic Event

1968 Robert F. Kennedy announces presidential campaign

  • 1968 General Motors produces its 100 millionth automobile, the Oldsmobile Toronado
  • 1969 Boston Bruins scores a NHL record 8 goals in 1 period
  • 1969 Peter Stone & Sherman Edward's "1776" premieres at 46th St Theater NYC for 1217 performances
  • 1969 Viasa DC-9 crashes at Maracaibo's Grano de Oro airport, killing 155
  • 1970 New English Bible published
  • 1970 WNIN TV channel 9 in Evansville, IN (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1971 13th Grammy Awards: Bridge over Troubled Water, Carpenters win
  • 1971 KDCD TV channel 18 in Midland, TX (IND) suspends broadcasting

Meeting of Interest

1971 Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark meets with British PM Edward Heath to discuss the security situation in Northern Ireland

Music History

1972 John Lennon and Yoko Ono are served with deportation papers

Agreement of Interest

1973 Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and Consortium members agree to nationalize all assets immediately in return for an assured 20-year supply of Iranian oil

  • 1973 OPEC discusses raising prices to offset decline of U.S. dollar value
  • 1974 1st performance at new Grand Ole Opry House at Opryland in Nashville
  • 1974 Both Wales (12-16 v England) and France (6-19 v Scotland) lose their final round matches handing Ireland their 8th Five Nations Rugby Championship
  • 1975 "Lieutenant" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 9 performances
  • 1975 US Mariner 10 makes 3rd & final fly-by of Mercury

Historic Event

1976 British Prime Minister Harold Wilson announces his resignation

Historic Event

1977 US President Jimmy Carter pleads for a Palestinian homeland

  • 1978 Amoco Cadiz spills 223,000 tons of crude oil off French coast

Historic Event

1978 Red Brigade kidnaps former premier Aldo Moro in Italy, 5 killed

  • 1978 Soyuz 26 returns to Earth
  • 1978 US Senate accepts Panama Canal treaty
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Music History

1979 CBS-TV airs "Wings Over the World" with Paul McCartney

  • 1983 Smallest crowd at Cleveland Coliseum (Cavs vs Nets-1,814)
  • 1984 Gunmen kidnap William Buckley, CIA station chief in Beirut
  • 1984 South Africa & Mozambique sign non attack treaty
  • 1985 Associated Press correspondent Terry Anderson taken hostage in Beirut

Sports History

1985 Two-time Cy Young Award winner Denny McLain is convicted of embezzlement and drug trafficking; sentenced to 25 years but conviction later reversed

  • 1988 Federal grand jury indicts North & Poindexter in Iran-Contra affair
  • 1988 North Ireland Protestant fires on Catholic funeral, 3 killed
  • 1988 US sends 3,000 soldiers to Nicaragua's neighbor Honduras
  • 1988 Chemical attack on Kurdish town of Halabja by Iraqi forces kills 5000 civilians - largest ever chemical weapons attack

Plane Crash

1991 Seven members of Reba McEntire's band are killed in a plane crash

  • 1991 Members of Irish Gay & Lesbian Organization march in NYC parade
  • 1991 NJ Net coach Bill Fitch is 4th coach to win 800 NBA games
  • 1991 NY Lotto pays $33.3 million to one winner (#s are 18-21-32-33-35-38)
  • 1991 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Munich won by Kristi Yamaguchi
  • 1991 England beats France, 21-19 at Twickenham for it's 19th outright Five Nations Rugby Championship, 9th Grand Slam and 16th Triple Crown; fullback Simon Hodgkinson 4 penalties and a conversion
  • 1994 Moravcik forms Slovakia government

Sports History

1994 American figure skater Tonya Harding pleads guilty to felony attack on former Olympic teammate Nancy Kerrigan

  • 1995 Manhattan upsets 4th seeded Oklahoma 77-67
  • 1995 Mississippi House of Representatives formally abolishes slavery & ratifies 13th Amendment
  • 1995 World best 7th wkt stand 461 by Bhupinder Singh Jr & P Dharmani

Boxing Title Fight

1996 Mike Tyson TKOs Frank Bruno in 3rd round to gain heavyweight title

  • 1996 Montreal Canadien's 1st game in their new arena (Bell Center)
  • 1996 England beats Ireland, 28-15 at Twickenham for a second consecutive Five Nations Rugby Championship and Triple Crown; fly-half Paul Grayson lands 6 penalties, a conversion and drop goal
  • 1997 NJ Devils' Dave Andreychuk is 26th NHL to score 500 goals
  • 1997 Sandline affair: On Bougainville Island, soldiers of commander Jerry Singirok arrest Tim Spicer and his mercenaries of the Sandline International.

Historic Event

1998 Pope John Paul II asks God for forgiveness for the inactivity and silence of some Roman Catholics during the Holocaust

  • 2003 The largest coordinated worldwide vigil takes place, as part of the global protests against Iraq war.
  • 2003 50th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: #12 Duke beats NC State, 84-77
  • 2003 44th SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Kentucky beats Mississippi State, 64-57
  • 2005 Israel officially hands over Jericho to Palestinian control.
  • 2006 The United Nations General Assembly votes overwhelmingly to establish the UN Human Rights Council.
  • 2008 55th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: #1 North Carolina beats #22 Clemson, 86-81
  • 2008 49th SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Georgia beats Arkansas, 66-57

Music History

2011 U.S. Postal Service issues a set of five "Latin Music Legends" stamps, including one of Carlos Gardel

  • 2012 Turkish NATO helicopter crashes into a house killing ten people in the outskirts of Kabul, Afghanistan

Sports History

2012 Indian batsman Sachin Tendulkar becomes first cricketer to score 100 international centuries

Film & TV History

2012 George Clooney and other several prominent participants, including Martin Luther King III, are arrested outside the Sundanese Embassy for civil disobedience

  • 2013 A €10 billion Cyprus bailout plan will wipe out 10% of the citizens' bank deposits
  • 2013 24 Pakistani Army soldiers are killed in Rawalpindi after their bus falls down a ravine
  • 2013 Kim Yu-Na of South Korea wins the women’s 2013 World Figure Skating Championships
  • 2013 34th Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: Louisville beats Syracuse, 78-61
  • 2013 Wales routs England by a record 30-3 at Millennium Stadium, Cardiff to retain their Six Nation Rugby Championship; Welsh winger Alex Cuthbert scores 2 tries and fullback Leigh Halfpenny lands 4/4 penalties
  • 2014 Voters in Crimea vote overwhelmingly to leave Ukraine and rejoin Russia amid international condemnation of its design
  • 2014 61st ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: #6 Virginia beats #7 Duke, 72-63
  • 2014 55th SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Florida beats Kentucky, 61-60

Historic Event

2015 Google commemorate Anna Atkins's 216th birthday with a Google Doodle image representing her cyanoprint work

Historic Event

2016 US President Barack Obama nominates Merrick Garland as Supreme Court Justice

  • 2016 US college student Otto Warmbier is sentenced to 15 years hard labour for trying to steal a political poster, in Pyongyang, North Korea

Historic Event

2017 US President Donald Trump's second travel ban is blocked by 2 federal courts

  • 2018 Indian actor Irrfan Khan reveals he has been diagnosed with a neuroendocrine tumour
  • 2018 Asia's second-richest person, Hong Kong's Li Ka-Shing, announces his retirement at 89
  • 2019 Beached dead whale found to have 88 pounds of plastic inside it, including 40 pounds of plastic bags, in Mabini, Philippines
  • 2020 Global infections and deaths from COVID-19 overtake those in China for the 1st time, 86,000 vs 80,860 infections, 3,241 vs 3,208 deaths according to John Hopkins Uni
  • 2020 COVID-19: France orders a national lockdown, US recommends meetings 10 or less, 6 counties in San Francisco and surrounding counties told to "shelter in place"
  • 2020 COVID-19 study by London Imperial College showing migration approach could lead to 250,00 deaths in UK, over 1 million in US, prompts strategy changes from both countries
  • 2020 Major League Baseball suspends remainder of Spring Training and delays start of regular season in response to COVID-19 pandemic; return dependent on recommendations by Centers for Disease Control
  • 2021 French architects Anne Lacaton and Jean-Philippe Vassal win the Pritzker Prize for architecture
  • 2021 Israeli researchers reveal re-discovery of 2,000 year-old Dead Sea Scrolls, 1st found in 60 years, left by Jews fleeing Romans in "Horror Cave", Israel

Election of Interest

2021 Declassified US intelligence report says Russian President Vladimir Putin authorized efforts to aid re-election of Donald Trump [1]

  • 2021 Gunman shots and kills eight people at three different spas in Atlanta, Georgia