On This Day

Historical Events on March 2

  • 986 Louis V becomes King of the Franks.
  • 1121 Dirk VI becomes count of Holland
  • 1127 Assassination of Charles the Good, Count of Flanders
  • 1458 Hussite George van Podiebrad chosen king of Bohemia

Historic Event

1498 Vasco da Gama's fleet visits Mozambique Island

Historic Event

1629 English King Charles I dissolves Parliament against opposition, imprisoning 9 members of parliament

  • 1657 Great Fire of Meireki destroys 60-70% of the Japanese capital city of Edo, killing an estimated 100,000 people

Historic Event

1675 Prince William III installed as governor of Overijssel

  • 1717 The Loves of Mars and Venus becomes the first ballet performed in England
  • 1776 American troops begin shelling the British in Boston

Appointment of Interest

1778 Nathanael Greene is appointed Quartermaster General of the Continental Army under George Washington

  • 1789 Pennsylvania ends prohibition of theatrical performances
  • 1791 Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris

Appointment of Interest

1796 Napoléon Bonaparte is appointed Commander-in-Chief of the French Army in Italy

  • 1799 Congress standardizes US weights & measures
  • 1807 US Congress bans the slave trade within the US, effective January 1, 1808

Historic Event

1807 William Cavendish-Bentinck, Duke of Portland becomes British Prime Minister for the second time after the fall of William Grenville's Whig government

  • 1808 The inaugural meeting of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, was held in Edinburgh.
  • 1815 Signing of Kandyan treaty by British invaders and Sri Lankan King
  • 1817 1st Evangelical church building dedicated, New Berlin, Pennsylvania
  • 1819 Territory of Arkansas organized
  • 1819 US passed its 1st immigration law
  • 1824 Interstate commerce comes under federal control
  • 1825 1st grand opera in US sung in English, NYC
  • 1829 New England Asylum for the Blind, 1st in US, incorporated, Boston
  • 1831 John Frazee becomes 1st US sculptor to receive a federal commission
  • 1842 4th Grand National: Tom Olliver aboard 7/1 Gaylad wins by 4 lengths from Seventy Four
  • 1853 Territory of Washington organized after separating from Oregon Territory
  • 1853 15th Grand National: Tom Oliver aboard Peter Simple wins his third GN Steeplechase and the stallion's second; oldest horse to win event at 15
  • 1855 Aleksandr Romanov becomes tsar of Russia
  • 1858 Frederick Cook of New Orleans, patents a cotton-bale metallic tie
  • 1859 21st Grand National: Chris Green aboard 7/1 Half Caste wins by only a short neck from Jean Du Quesne
  • 1861 Government Printing Office purchases 1st printing plant, Washington
  • 1861 US creates Dakota & Nevada Territories out of the Nebraska & Utah territories
  • 1865 British newspaper "Morning Chronicle" begins publishing
  • 1865 Freedman's Bureau founded for Black Education, 1865
  • 1865 Conferate General Early's army is defeated at the battle of Waynesboro, Virginia, during American Civil War
  • 1865 Second Taranaki War: The Volkner Incident in New Zealand.
  • 1866 1st US company to make sewing needles by machine incorporated, Conn
  • 1867 1st Reconstruction act passed by US Congress
  • 1867 US Congress abolishes peonage in New Mexico
  • 1867 US Congress creates the Department of Education

Historic Event

1867 Jesse James' gang robs bank in Savannah Missouri, 1 killed

  • 1868 University of Illinois opens

Historic Event

1872 Louis Riel goes into voluntary exile in St. Paul, Minnesota

  • 1874 National Association of Professional Baseball Players officially adopts the batter's box; decide any player betting on his own team will be expelled; any player betting on any other team to forfeit his pay

Election of Interest

1877 US Electoral Commission declares Rutherford B. Hayes (R) winner of the presidential election with an electoral vote of 185-184 against Samuel J. Tilden (D)

Assassination Attempt

1882 Queen Victoria narrowly escapes assassination when Roderick Maclean shoots at her while boarding a train in Windsor

  • 1888 The Convention of Constantinople signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace
  • 1889 Kansas passes 1st US antitrust law
  • 1890 Norwegian speed skater Oskar Fredriksen sets inaugural 5,000m world record of 9:19.8 in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1893 1st US federal railroad legislation passed; required safety features
  • 1896 Best 9-wicket haul in cricket history; George Lohmann takes 9-28 as England beats South Africa by an innings and 197 runs in 2nd Test at Johannesburg
  • 1898 Chasing winning target of 275, Australian cricket batsman Joe Darling bashes 160 in 171 minutes with 30 fours to lead Australia to a 6-wicket 5th Test win over England in Sydney; complete 4-1 series rout
  • 1899 President McKinley signs bill creating Mt Rainier National Park (5th in US)
  • 1901 Hawaii's first telegraph company opens
  • 1901 United States Congress passes the Platt amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops

Historic Event

1903 Martha Washington Hotel, catering to women only, opens in NYC

  • 1904 Gabriele d'Annunzio's "La figlia di Iorio" premieres in Milan
  • 1904 Stanley Cup, Montreal Arena, Westmount, Quebec: Montreal Wanderers and Ottawa HC tie, 5-5; Montreal disqualified for refusing to play second game in Ottawa

Historic Event

1907 General Louis Botha named premier of Transvaal

  • 1907 Georges Feydeaus' "La Puce à l'Oreille" premieres in Paris
  • 1909 Great Britain, France, Germany & Italy asks Serbia to set no territorial demands
  • 1910 2 trains crash in snow storm in Wellington Washington, 118 die
  • 1915 British vice admiral Sackville Hamilton Carden begins bombardment of Dardanelles forts
  • 1915 Vladmir Jabotinsky forms a Jewish military force to fight in Palestine
  • 1917 Jones Act: Puerto Rico territory created, US citizenship granted

Sports History

1918 Joe Malone goes scoreless in Montreal Canadiens' 5-3 season-ending loss to Toronto Arenas; finishes the first NHL season with 44 goals, a record that stands until 1944-45

  • 1919 1st congress of Communist International opens at the Kremlin
  • 1920 Karel Čapek "Loupeznik" premieres in Prague
  • 1922 WBAP-AM, Fort Worth Texas, begins broadcasting
  • 1922 WLW-AM in Cincinnati OH begins radio transmissions
  • 1925 Dutch Socialists demand drastic disarmament
  • 1925 Japan's House of Representatives recognizes male suffrage
  • 1925 Nationwide road numbering system & US shield marker adopted
  • 1925 SDAP-Second-Faction of parliament demands drastic disarmament
  • 1929 US Congress creates Court of Customs & Patent Appeals

Sports History

1929 George Hainsworth becomes first NHL goaltender to record 20 shutouts in one season when the Montreal Canadiens beat the visiting Boston Bruins, 3-0; ends season with 22

  • 1930 1st US indoor glider flight, St Louis Terminal Building
  • 1932 Australian golf trick-shot artist Joe Kirkwood posts an incredible 83 using only his putter over 18 holes at Belleaire, Florida; round includes 6 pars and 1 birdie

King Kong Premieres

1933 "King Kong" film directed by Merian C. Cooper and Ernest B. Schoedsack, starring Fay Wray premieres at Radio City Music Hall and RKO Roxy in NYC

  • 1933 Sanriku earthquake of 8.4 and tsunami hit Japan, country's most powerful earthquake in 180 years
  • 1934 Union Pacific tests light-weight high-speed passenger train, Omaha

Sports History

1936 Australian cricket's batting maestro Don Bradman scores 369 in 253 minutes (46 fours, 4 sixes) in South Australia's innings and 349 run win over Tasmania

  • 1937 Mexico nationalizes oil
  • 1938 Landslides & floods cause over 200 deaths (Los Angeles California)
  • 1938 Trials of Soviet leaders begins in the Soviet Union

Historic Event

1939 Eugenio Pacelli chosen as Pope Pius XII

  • 1939 Massachusetts Legislature votes to ratify the US Bill of Rights - 147 years late
  • 1940 The first televised intercollegiate track meet is seen in NYC on W2XBS; NYU wins the meet presented live from Madison Square Garden
  • 1940 Soviet armies conquer Tuppura Island, Finland
  • 1940 Beaten by a nose in both the 1937 and 1938 Santa Anita Handicaps, Seabiscuit finally wins the Big 'Cap in his final race; retires the leading money-winning horse in the world
  • 1941 World War II: First German military units enter Bulgaria after it joined the Axis Pact.

Academy Awards

1942 14th Academy Awards: "How Green was My Valley", Gary Cooper, and Joan Fontaine win

  • 1942 Admiral Helfrich departs Java for Ceylon
  • 1943 1st transport from Westerbork Netherlands to Sobibor concentration camp
  • 1944 Fumes from locomotive stalled in a tunnel suffocate 521 in Italy
  • 1945 US 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
  • 1945 King Michael of Romania gives in to Communist government
  • 1946 Dutch troops land on East Bali

Election of Interest

1946 Ho Chi Minh elected President of North Vietnam

  • 1946 Kingman Douglass becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1949 1st automatic street light (New Milford, Ct)
  • 1949 Lucky Lady II (USAF B-50 Superfortress), completes 1st nonstop round- the-world flight at Fort Worth, Texas, covering 23,452-mis in 94 hrs
  • 1951 1st NBA All-Star Game, Boston Garden: East beats West, 111-94; MVP: Ed Macauley, Boston Celtics, G
  • 1955 King Norodom Sihanukh of Cambodia succeeded by his father
  • 1955 William Inge's "Bus Stop" premieres in NYC
  • 1956 Morocco tears up the Treaty of Fez, declaring independence from France

Music Single

1956 "Lawdy Miss Clawdy" single cover released by Elvis Presley

  • 1958 1st surface crossing of Antarctic continent is completed in 99 days
  • 1958 Yemen announces it would join the United Arab Republic
  • 1959 Ceremony to mark the start of construction of the Sydney Opera House at Bennelong Point, Sydney
  • 1961 Eaton Magoon's musical "13 Daughters", starring Don Ameche and Sylvia Syms, opens at 54th St Theater, NYC; runs for 28 performances

Historic Event

1962 President John F. Kennedy announces US will resume above ground nuclear testing

Sports History

1962 Philadelphia center Wilt Chamberlain scores 100 points, most ever by an NBA player in a single game, in Warriors' 169-147 win over NY Knicks in Hershey; 36-of-63 from field, 28-of-32 from free-throw line

  • 1962 In Burma, the army led by General Ne Win seizes power in a coup
  • 1963 10th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament, Reynolds Coliseum, Raleigh, NC: Duke beats Wake Forest, 68-57

Music History

1964 Beatles begin filming "A Hard Day's Night", George Harrison meets future wife Pattie Boyd

  • 1965 Montcalm Community College founded in Sidney, Mich

Film Premiere

1965 One of the most popular musical films of all time, "The Sound of Music", starring Julie Andrews and Christopher Plummer, premieres (Academy Awards Best Picture - 1966)

  • 1965 US Air Force begins Operation Rolling Thunder, a three year sustained bombing campaign against North Vietnam
  • 1966 215,000 US soldiers in Vietnam

Sports History

1966 Black Hawks right wing Bobby Hull becomes the NHL's first 2-time 50-goal scorer when he strikes in a 5-4 win against the Detroit Red Wings at Chicago Stadium

Sports History

1966 Jean Béliveau scores his 380th career NHL goal when Montreal ties Toronto, 3-3; moves him ahead of Ted Lindsay into the #3 spot all time, behind Gordie Howe and Maurice Richard

  • 1966 After suffering a hairline fracture of his right hind foot, 5-time US Horse of the Year Kelso is immediately retired; racing's all-time leading money winner with lifetime earnings of $1,977,896

Grammy Awards

1967 9th Grammy Awards: "Strangers in the Night" by Frank Sinatra wins best record, "Michele" by The Beatles best song

  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 Ice Dance Championship at Geneva won by Towler & Ford of Great Britain
  • 1968 Ice Pairs Championship at Geneva won by Belousova & Protopopov of the Soviet Union
  • 1968 Men's Figure Skating Champions in Geneva won by Emmerich Danzer of Austria
  • 1968 USAF displays Lockheed C-5A Galaxy, biggest plane in the world, with a cargo compartment 37m long
  • 1968 USSR launches space probe Zond 4; fails to leave Earth orbit
  • 1968 19 year-old American Peggy Fleming wins her 3rd consecutive World Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Geneva, Switzerland; announces her retirement, turns professional and eventually goes into broadcasting
  • 1969 1st test flight of the supersonic Concorde
  • 1969 Chinese-Russian borders fight (approx 70 die)

Music History

1969 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 14th Symphony

Sports History

1969 Boston center Phil Esposito becomes first player in NHL history to record 100 points in a season when he scores 2 3rd-period goals in the Bruins' 4-0 win over the visiting Pittsburgh Penguins

  • 1970 White government of Rhodesia declares itself a republic
  • 1970 American Airlines' 1st flight of a Boeing 747
  • 1970 Supreme Court ruled draft evaders can not be penalized after 5 years

Album Release

1970 Reprise Records releases "Ladies of the Canyon", Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell's 3rd studio album

  • 1972 NASA launches its Pioneer 10 space probe to Jupiter, NASA's first mission to the outer planets

Sports History

1972 American jockey Bill Shoemaker wins his record 555th stakes race aboard Royal Owl in the San Jacinto Stakes at Santa Anita; Eddie Arcaro 554

  • 1973 "Black September" terrorists occupy Saudi Embassy in Khartoum

Grammy Awards

1974 16th Grammy Awards: Roberta Flack Best Record - "Killing Me Softly", Stevie Wonder Best Album - "Innervisions"

  • 1974 1st class postage raised to 10 cents from 8 cents

Historic Event

1974 Grand jury concludes US President Richard Nixon is involved in Watergate cover-up

  • 1974 Australian cricket batsman Greg Chappell makes 247no in drawn 1st Test vs NZ in Wellington; also hits 133 in 2nd innings; brother Ian 145 and 121 also scores twin centuries
  • 1976 Musical revue featuring song from the Harlem Renaissance "Bubbling Brown Sugar" opens at ANTA Theater, NYC; runs for 766 performances
  • 1976 Walt Disney World logs its 50 millionth guest

Film & TV History

1977 Bette Davis is 1st woman to receive American Film Institute's Life Achievement Award

Film & TV History

1977 Future The Tonight Show host Jay Leno debuts with host Johnny Carson

  • 1977 Libya amends constitution
  • 1978 Soyuz 28 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Czechoslovakian) to Salyut 6
  • 1980 Phoenix point guard Mike Bratz ends NBA free throw streak of 57 games with a miss in the Suns' 123-115 home win over the LA Lakers
  • 1981 Aircraft hijacked by 3 Pakistani terrorists
  • 1981 Howard Stern begins broadcasting on WWDC in Washington, D.C.

Scientific Discovery

1981 Discovery of minor planet 5020 Asimov, named after sci-fi writer Isaac Asimov

  • 1982 Terror group "The Illuminated Path" frees 260 prisoners in Peru
  • 1983 Compact Disc recordings developed by Phillips & Sony introduced
  • 1983 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1984 Iran offensive against Iraq fails
  • 1985 FDA in the US approves an ELISA screening test for AIDS antibody for all blood banks
  • 1986 1st million-dollar purse for a handicap race won at Santa Anita
  • 1986 Protesters try to stop Land Rover motor company being sold to US
  • 1986 Qualifier Kenny Knox is the last player to score in the 80’s (R3 80) and still win a PGA Tour event, the Honda Classic at TPC Eagle Trace; total 287 is highest winning score in PGA tournament history

Sports History

1986 Edmonton's Finnish right wing Jari Kurri scores 2 goals, including the overtime winner, to lead Oilers to a 2-1 win over Philadelphia; Kurri, 100 points for the 4th straight NHL season

  • 1986 The first million dollar purse for a handicap race is won by British bred 5-year old Greinton with Laffit Pincay Jr. aboard taking out the $1,359,500 Santa Anita Handicap

Grammy Awards

1988 30th Grammy Awards: Record of the year - Paul Simon "Graceland"; Album of the Year - U2 "The Joshua Tree"; Jody Watley Best New Artist

  • 1988 Dutch Liberal Party merged with SDP
  • 1988 The flaming basketball is adopted as NBA franchise Miami Heat’s official logo from over 13,000 entries; Mark Henderson submits the winning entry
  • 1989 12 European nations agree to ban chlorofluorocarbon production by 2000
  • 1989 Tanker Exxon Houston runs aground in Hawaii, spills 117,000 gallons of oil

Music History

1989 Madonna's "Like a Prayer" premieres on worldwide Pepsi commercial

Sports History

1989 NY Mets stars Keith Hernandez and Darryl Strawberry famously nearly come to blows in front of reporters and TV crews at spring training

  • 1990 Greyhound Bus goes on strike
  • 1991 "Aspects of Love" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 377 performances
  • 1991 "La Bete" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC after 24 performances
  • 1991 Del Ballard Jr throws most famous gutter ball in PBA Tour history
  • 1991 NC State point guard Chris Corchiani becomes 1st NCAA Div I player to record 1,000 career assists in a 89-84 loss to Wake Forest
  • 1991 UN votes in favor of US resolutions for cease fire with Iraq
  • 1991 US Army controversially destroys a retreating Iraqi Republican Guard column at Rumaila Oil Field, despite a ceasefire being observed

Sports History

1991 St. Louis right wing Brett Hull becomes a 70-goal scorer for the 2nd straight season and has 3 assists to help the Blues earn a 4-4 tie in Philadelphia; finishes season with NHL career-best 86 goals

  • 1992 Moldova joins the United Nations.
  • 1992 American swimmer Anita Hall breaks the 200m breaststroke world record twice in the one day at the US Swimming championships in Indianapolis; wins final in 2:25.35

Film & TV History

1993 Actress Claudette Colbert suffers a stroke at 89

Sports History

1993 Mario Lemieux undergoes his 22nd and final radiation treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma, then joins the Pittsburgh Penguins in Philadelphia and has a goal and assist in a 5-4 loss to the Flyers

  • 1993 Winnipeg Jets Finnish right wing Teemu Selänne breaks NHL record for goals by a rookie with a hat-trick in a 7-4 loss to the visiting Quebec Nordiques; passes Mike Bossy's mark of 52

Music Concert

1993 Rock for the Rainforest benefit concert held at Carnegie Hall, NYC; performers include: Sting, James Taylor, Bryan Adams, Tom Jones, George Michael, and Herb Alpert

Music History

1994 Miami begins a Latin walk of fame, 1st star for Gloria Estefan

  • 1994 American politician William Natcher, (Rep-D-Ky), casts his 18,401 & last consecutive vote
  • 1994 Branch Davidian cult leader David Koresh promises to surrender if taped statement is broadcasted, it is, but he doesn't
  • 1995 "Smokey Joe's Cafe" opens at Virginia Theater NYC
  • 1995 British trader Nick Leeson arrested for collapse of Barings Bank PLC
  • 1995 Ferry boat sinks off Sumbe Angola, 42+ killed
  • 1995 Space shuttle STS-67 (Endeavour 8), launches
  • 1995 Joe Mullen becomes 2nd NHL player to appear in 300 NHL games with 3 different teams when he plays for the Penguins in a 6-3 loss in Buffalo; Pittsburgh 379, St. Louis 301, Calgary 345