On This Day

Historical Events on March 22

  • 238 Gordian I and his son Gordian II are proclaimed Roman emperor
  • 752 Stephen II elected Catholic Pope (or 23rd)
  • 871 Battle at Marton: Ethelred van Wessex beats Danish invasion army
  • 1421 Battle of Baugé - French defeat English
  • 1556 Cardinal Reginald Pole becomes archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1565 Turkish Armada leaves Constantinople bound for the siege of Malta with about 193 ships

Historic Event

1594 French King Henry IV festival in Paris

  • 1621 Dutch jurist Hugo de Groot (Hugo Grotius) escapes in book chest from Loevestein Castle in the Netherlands
  • 1622 First American Indian (Powhatan) massacre of Europeans in Jamestown Virginia, 347 killed
  • 1630 1st colonial legislation prohibiting gambling enacted (Boston)
  • 1638 Religious dissident Anne Hutchinson expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • 1680 Parliament of Breisach accepts French sovereignty over Elzas
  • 1692 Emperor Leopold I names Duke Earnest August of Braunschweig, king

Historic Event

1765 Stamp Act passed; 1st direct British tax on American colonists, organized by Prime Minister George Grenville

  • 1775 British MP Edmund Burke makes a speech to the English Parliament advocating for peace with the American colonies

Historic Discovery

1778 Captain James Cook sights Cape Flattery, now in Washington state

Papal Visit

1782 Pope Pius VI arrives in Vienna to meet with Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II to address his ecclesiastical reforms

Emerald Buddha

1784 The Emerald Buddha is moved with great ceremony to its current place in Wat Phra Kaew, Thailand

Historic Event

1790 Thomas Jefferson becomes the 1st US Secretary of State under President Washington

  • 1794 Congress bans US vessels from supplying slaves to other countries
  • 1809 Charles XIII succeeds Gustav IV Adolf to the Swedish throne
  • 1822 NY Horticultural Society founded
  • 1829 The three protecting powers (Britain, France and Russia) establish the borders of Greece

Historic Event

1832 British Parliament, led by Charles Grey, passes the Reform Act, introducing wide-ranging changes to electoral system of England and Wales, increasing electorate from about 500,000 voters to 813,000

  • 1841 A method for alkali starch extraction is patented in the US by Orlando Jones, which is later applied to corn (cornstarch)
  • 1861 1st US nursing school chartered
  • 1862 San Marino & Italy conclude treaty of friendship & cooperation
  • 1865 Wilson's Raid: 13,480 cavalry troops led by Union General James H. Wilson destroys most of Confederate Alabama and Georgia's arms-manufacturing and rail capabilities; raid lasts through mid-April, after Lee's surrender natural resources useless to the [1] [2]
  • 1871 William Holden of North Carolina becomes 1st governor removed by impeachment
  • 1872 Illinois becomes 1st state to require sexual equality in employment
  • 1873 Slavery is abolished in Puerto Rico, celebrated as Emancipation Day
  • 1874 Young Men's Hebrew Association organizes in NYC
  • 1888 English Football League established
  • 1894 Stanley Cup, Victoria Rink, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Hockey Club defeats Ottawa HC, 3-1 to win 3-team challenge tournament
  • 1895 Auguste & Louis Lumiere show their 1st movie to an invited audience
  • 1896 Charilaos Vasilakos of Greece wins 1st modern marathon in 3:18 at the Panhellenic Games
  • 1903 Niagara Falls runs out of water due to a drought

Historic Event

1903 US Anthracite Coal Commission, set up by President Theodore Roosevelt, submits its recommendations for shorter hours, a 10-per cent wage increase, and an 'open shop'

  • 1904 "Bailundo Revolt" ends after almost 2-years in Portuguese victory over Ovimbundu kingdom & allies
  • 1907 The new Boer government in the Transvaal passes an Asiatic Registration Bill, that restricts immigration from India
  • 1907 69th Grand National: Alf Newey wins aboard 8/1 chance Eremon

Historic Event

1913 Song Jiaoren, leader of the Chinese Kuomintang Party, shot at Shanghai Railway Station, dies 2 day later (thought orchestrated by Kuomintang President Yuan Shikai)

  • 1917 The USA is the first nation to recognize the new government of Russia
  • 1922 The Rand Rebellion in Southern Africa, which started as a strike by white mineworkers and became an armed rebellion against the state, is brought to a brutal end by the police
  • 1927 Federico Garcia Lorca's first play "El Maleficio" (The Butterfly's Evil Spell) premieres in Madrid

Music Premiere

1928 Noël Coward's musical "This Year of Grace" premieres in London

  • 1929 KIT-AM in Yakima WA begins radio transmissions
  • 1929 US Coast Guard vessel sinks Canadian schooner suspected of carrying liquor
  • 1929 88th Grand National: Robert W. H. Everett wins aboard 100/1 outsider Gregalach

Historic Event

1933 FDR makes wine & beer with up to 3.2% alcohol legal

  • 1934 Fire destroys Hakodate, Japan, kills 1,500, injures 1,000
  • 1935 Blood tests authorized as evidence in court cases in New York

Film Premiere

1936 "The Great Ziegfeld" directed by Robert Z. Leonard and starring William Powell and Luise Rainer premieres in Los Angeles (Best Picture 1937

  • 1939 Lithuania forced to give Memel territory to Germany
  • 1941 Grand Coulee Dam in Washington goes into operation

Film & TV History

1941 James Stewart is inducted into the Army, becoming the first major American movie star to wear a military uniform in World War II

  • 1943 Dutch work week extended to 54 hour
  • 1943 Obligatory work for woman ends in Belgium
  • 1943 Dutch SS police chief Hans Albin Rauter threatens to kill half Jewish children
  • 1944 600+ 8th Air Force bombers attack Berlin
  • 1944 American movie star Jimmy Stewart flies his 12th combat mission, leading the 2nd Bomb Wing in an attack on Berlin
  • 1945 Arab League forms with adoption of a charter in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1945 US 3rd Army crosses Rhine at Nierstein
  • 1946 1st US rocket to leave the Earth's atmosphere (50 miles up)
  • 1946 Britain signs treaty granting independence to Jordan
  • 1952 Dutch DC-6 crashes near Frankfurt, killing 44
  • 1952 Wales wins Five Nations Rugby Championship, Grand Slam & Triple Crown with a 9-5 win over France at St. Helen's Ground, Swansea
  • 1953 Antonín Zápotocký chosen as President of Czechoslovakia
  • 1954 Northland Center, the world's largest shopping mall at the time, opens in Oakpark, Michigan
  • 1954 Closed since 1939, the London bullion market reopens

Music Premiere

1956 Musical "Mr Wonderful" with Sammy Davis, Jr. and father Sammy Davis, Sr. opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 383 performances

  • 1957 Earthquake shakes San Francisco
  • 1957 Republic of India adopts Saka calendar along with Gregorian

Music Single

1957 "All Shook Up" single released by Elvis Presley

Sports History

1958 20th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Seattle, 84-72; Seattle's future Hall of Fame small forward Elgin Baylor is named tournament MOP

Historic Event

1958 Under pressure King Saud appoints Faisal Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia

  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Historic Invention

1960 1st patent for lasers granted to Arthur Schawlow & Charles Townes

Music Premiere

1962 Musical "I Can Get It For You Wholesale" starring Barbra Streisand in her Broadway debut, opens at Shubert Theater, NYC; runs for 300 performances

  • 1963 The Beatles release their 1st album, "Please Please Me"
  • 1963 British Minister of War John Profumo denies having sex with Christine Keeler
  • 1964 Barbra Streisand appears on the cover of NY Times Magazine section
  • 1964 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Scenic Hills CC: Carol Mann her 1st of 2 major titles by 2 shots from Ruth Jessen and Judy Kimball
  • 1965 Dudley Senanayake wins his third in general elections in Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
  • 1965 US confirms its troops used chemical warfare against the Vietcong

Election of Interest

1965 Nicolae Ceausescu is elected General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party

Boxing Title Fight

1967 Muhammad Ali KOs Zora Folley in 7 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1968 Jarmila Novotna resigns presidency of Czechoslovakia
  • 1968 Lynda Johnson ordered off San Francisco cable car for eating an ice cream cone
  • 1968 Student riot in Nanterre near Paris
  • 1969 "Billy" opens & closes at Billy Rose Theater NYC after 1 performance
  • 1969 "Come Summer" closes at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC after 7 performances
  • 1969 31st NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Purdue 92-72; Bruins' 3-peat; center Lew Alcindor tournament Most Outstanding Player for 3rd consecutive year
  • 1970 "Blood Red Roses" opens & closes at John Golden Theater NYC
  • 1971 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1971 Brian Faulkner becomes the Prime Minister of Northern Ireland

Music Awards

1971 6th Academy of Country Music Awards: Merle Haggard and Lynn Anderson win

  • 1972 Musical "The Selling of the President" opens at Shubert Theater, NYC; runs for 5 performances

Historic Event

1972 US Congress approves the Equal Rights Amendment (still not ratified)

  • 1972 Nick Mileti purchases Cleveland Indians for $9 million
  • 1972 Yankees trade Danny Cater to the Red Sox for Sparky Lyle
  • 1972 In Eisenstadt v. Baird the US Supreme Court rules unmarried people have same right to contraception as married people.
  • 1975 Netherlands' "Ding-a-dong" performed by Tech-In wins Eurovision Song Contest in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1975 "Dr Jazz" closes at Winter Garden Theater, NYC, after 5 performances
  • 1975 "Letter for Queen Victoria" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 18 performances
  • 1975 AIAW Women's Basketball Tournament, Delta State beats Immaculata 90-81 in Harrisonburg
  • 1975 Walt Disney World Shopping Village opens
  • 1975 A fire at the Browns Ferry Nuclear Power Plant in Decatur, Alabama causes dangerous lowering of cooling water levels
  • 1975 20th Eurovision Song Contest: Teach-In for Netherlands wins singing "Ding-a-dong" in Stockholm

Historic Event

1977 Indira Gandhi resigns as Prime Minister of India

  • 1977 Dutch Labour Party (PvdA) government under Joop den Uyl falls
  • 1978 France performs nuclear test

Historic Event

1978 Robert Frost Plaza, at California, Drumm & Market, San Francisco, dedicated

  • 1978 Karl "The Great" Wallenda, German acrobat (The Flying Wallendas) dies after falling off a tight-rope between two hotels in San Juan, Puerto Rico, at 73
  • 1978 The Rutles mockumentary "All You Need is Cash" debuts on NBC television
  • 1979 Israeli parliament approves peace treaty with Egypt
  • 1979 NHL votes to accept 4 WHA teams (Oilers, Jets, Nordiques & Whalers)
  • 1979 Provisional Irish Republican Army assassinates Richard Sykes, the British ambassador to the Netherlands, in Den Haag
  • 1979 The Provisional Irish Republican Army explode 24 bombs in various locations across Northern Ireland
  • 1981 US 1st class postage raised to 18 cents from 15 cents
  • 1981 Soyuz 39 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Mongolian) to Salyut 6
  • 1981 Toshihiko Seko runs world record 25k (1:13:55.8)/30k (1:29:18.8)
  • 1982 3rd NASA Space Shuttle Mission: Columbia 3 launches
  • 1982 Iran offensive against Iraq
  • 1983 Chaim Herzog elected Israeli president

NHL Record

1984 Islander Bryan Trottier ties NHL record scores 5 seconds into game

  • 1984 Teachers at the McMartin preschool in Manhattan Beach, California are charged with Satanic ritual abuse of the children in the school. The charges are later dropped as completely unfounded.
  • 1985 NASA launches Intelsat VA F-10
  • 1986 Ehrig skates ladies world record 5 km (7:20.99)
  • 1986 HBO launches boxing's heavyweight-title-unification-tournament
  • 1986 Heart's "These Dreams" single goes #1
  • 1986 Ice Pairs World Championship at Geneva won by Ekaterina Gordeeva & Sergei Grinkov (USSR)
  • 1986 Kania skates ladies' world record 1500m (1:59.30)
  • 1986 Ladies' Figure Skating Championship in Geneva won by Debi Thomas (USA)

Boxing Title Fight

1986 Jamaican boxer Trevor Berbick upsets Pinklon Thomas by unanimous decision in Las Vegas to win WBC heavyweight title

  • 1986 "On My Own" single released by Patti LaBelle and Michael McDonald (Billboard Song of the Year 1986)

Historic Event

1988 US Congress overrides President Reagan's veto of sweeping civil rights bill

  • 1988 WA beat Queensland by 5 wkts to win the Sheffield Shield Final

Sports History

1989 Pete Rozelle announces retirement as NFL commissioner after 29 years

  • 1989 US Supreme Court upholds 1 person 1 vote rule of NYC Board of Estimate
  • 1989 Clint Malarchuk of the Buffalo Sabres suffers a near-fatal injury when another player accidentally slits his throat.
  • 1990 "Grapes of Wrath" opens at Cort Theater NYC for 188 performances
  • 1990 Anchorage jury finds Capt Hazelwood not guilty of Valdez oil spill
  • 1990 The ML umpires announce that they will boycott exhibition games
  • 1991 Law enforcement officers raid fraternities at University of Virginaa, seizing drugs
  • 1991 NY Daily News begins using motto "Forward with NY"
  • 1991 Pamela Smart (HS teacher) found guilty in NH of manipulating her student-lover to kill her husband
  • 1992 "Private Lives" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 37 performances
  • 1992 England beat South Africa in rain-ruined cricket World Cup semi final
  • 1992 Joseph A Molloy elected NY Yankee general partner
  • 1992 US Air NY to Cleveland crashes on take off at LaGuardia, 27 die
  • 1992 Herb Gardner's play "Conversations with My Father", starring Judd Hirsch and Tony Shalhoub, opens at Royale NYC for 462 performances

Historic Invention

1993 Intel introduces Pentium-processor (80586) 64 bits-60 MHz-100+ MIPS

Hall of Fame

1993 André the Giant's induction into inaugural WWE Hall of Fame is announced; no ceremony takes place and he is inducted posthumously

  • 1994 Dutch Ambassador to US christens a new tulip (the Hillary Clinton)
  • 1994 Mark Foster swims world record 50m butterfly (23.68 sec)
  • 1994 South African government and ANC take power in Ciskei homeland
  • 1994 Soyuz TM-21 lands

Album Release

1994 "Not a Moment Too Soon" second studio album by Tim McGraw is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1994)

  • 1995 Deputy Governor of Bank of England, Rupert Pennant-Rea, resigns following revelations of his affair with a freelance journalist
  • 1996 Cheryl Depew of Florida crowned 13th Miss Hawaiian Tropic International
  • 1996 STS 76 (Atlantis 16), launches into orbit

Musical Finale

1997 Andrew Lloyd Webber, Don Black and Christopher Hampton's musical "Sunset Boulevard", based on the film, and starring Glenn Close closes at Minskoff, NYC, after 977 performances and 7 Tony Awards

  • 1997 Comet Hale-Bopp Closest Approach to Earth (1.315 AU)
  • 1997 Ladies' Figure Skating Championship in Lausanne won by Tara Lipinski (USA)
  • 1998 18th Golden Raspberry Awards: The Postman wins
  • 1999 "Amazed" single released by Lonestar (Billboard Song of the Year 1999)
  • 2003 23rd Golden Raspberry Awards: "Swept Away" wins
  • 2004 Ahmed Yassin, co-founder and leader of the Palestinian Sunni Islamist militant group Hamas, and bodyguards killed in the Gaza Strip by Israeli Air Force AH-64 Apache fired Hellfire missiles
  • 2006 ETA, armed Basque separatist group, declares permanent ceasefire
  • 2006 BC Ferries' M/V Queen of the North runs aground on Gil Island British Columbia and sinks; 101 on board, 2 presumed deaths
  • 2006 Three Christian Peacemaker Teams Hostages are freed by British forces in Baghdad after 118 days captivity and the death of their colleague, American Tom Fox
  • 2008 French Swimmer Alain Bernard sets world record of 47.50 for 100m freestyle long course after winning the European LC Championships 2008
  • 2009 Mount Redoubt, a volcano in Alaska began erupting after a prolonged period of unrest
  • 2009 Cricket Women's World Cup: England defeats New Zealand by 4 wickets
  • 2010 NASA's rover 'Spirit' gets caught in a sand trap on Mars and ceases communications with Earth [1]

Sports History

2011 Lawrence Taylor pleads guilty for misdemeanors of sexual misconduct and is sentenced to six years probation

  • 2012 Massive fire devours thousands of hectares of ancient forests and threatens wildlife on Mount Kenya
  • 2012 Australia's most wanted man, Malcolm Naden, is captured after seven years on the run in Gloucester, New South Wales
  • 2012 Largest protest in Quebec's history occurs in Montreal with over 200,000 people marching against government tuition hikes and for free access to post-secondary education
  • 2012 Ireland returns to recession as GDP falls by 0.2% in the fourth quarter of 2011 following a fall of 1.1% in the third quarter
  • 2013 37 people are killed and 200 are injured in a refugee camp fire in Ban Mae, Thailand

Music History

2013 American rock band My Chemical Romance announce their break-up

  • 2014 251 people are killed after a boat capsizes in Lake Albert, Uganda
  • 2014 43 people are killed by a mudslide in Oso, Washington
  • 2014 Guinea confirms Ebola outbreak has already killed 59 people
  • 2014 The US and EU impose sanctions on Russia
  • 2016 Suicide bombings at Brussel's Zaventem airport and Maelbeek metro station, leave around 28 victims dead and 260 injured, ISIS claim responsibility
  • 2017 Arctic records its lowest ever winter ice cover according to US National Snow and Ice Data Center, 5.5 million square miles
  • 2017 Tomb of Jesus reopens after restoration in Jerusalem
  • 2017 Terrorist attack on London's Westminster Bridge and Houses of Parliament kills 4 including a police officer and injures 40

Historic Event

2018 US President Donald Trump imposes $60 billion worth of tariffs on Chinese imports

  • 2018 The "Great Pacific Garbage Patch" between Hawaii and California has 1.8 trillion pieces of plastic and increasing rapidly according to new research
  • 2018 Musical "Frozen" opens on Broadway based on the film, starring Patti Murin and Caissie Levy
  • 2019 "Mind-blowing" discovery announced of 518 million year old fossil site in near Danshui river, Hubei province, China, with thousands of unknown fossils well preserved
  • 2019 US Special Council Robert S. Mueller submits his findings on the 2016 election (The Mueller Report) to Deputy US Attorney General Rod Rosenstein and US Attorney William Barr


2020 India puts 1 billion people under a daytime curfew to curb COVID-19

COVID-19 Pandemic

2020 Iranian supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei refuses American COVID-19 help, refers to conspiracy theory that it was manufactured by the US