On This Day

Historical Events on March 24

  • 1379 End of Gelderse war victory

Historic Event

1401 Timur attacks city of Damascus, second city of the Mameluke Empire. Though scholar and negotiator Ibn Khaldūn's life spared, the city is sacked and the Umayyad Mosque destroyed.

  • 1545 German Parliament opens in Worms
  • 1550 France & England sign Peace of Boulogne

Historic Event

1603 Scottish King James VI son of Mary Queen of Scots, becomes King James I of England in succession to Elizabeth I, thus joining the English and Scottish crowns

Historic Event

1603 Tokugawa Ieyasu is granted the title of shogun, officially establishing the Tokugawa Shogunate which would rule Japan until 1867

  • 1629 1st game law passed in American colonies, by Virginia

Historic Event

1664 Roger Williams is granted a charter to colonize Rhode Island

Music History

1721 Johann Sebastian Bach dedicates his Brandenburg Concertos to Christian Ludwig, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt

  • 1731 Jerome (aka Hieronimus) de Salis naturalised as British by Act of Parliamentary.
  • 1765 Britain enacts Quartering Act, required colonists to provide temporary housing to British soldiers
  • 1792 Benjamin West (US) becomes president of Royal Academy of London
  • 1801 Aleksandr Pavlovich Romanov becomes Tsar Alexander I of Russia
  • 1815 Handel & Haydn Society of Boston founded

Music Premiere

1824 1st performance of Ludwig van Beethoven's "Missa Solemnis" in St. Petersburg

  • 1828 Philadelphia & Columbia Railway (1st state owned) authorized

Historic Event

1832 Mormon Joseph Smith beaten, tarred & feathered in Ohio

  • 1837 Canada gives its black citizens the right to vote
  • 1848 State of siege proclaimed in Amsterdam

Historic Publication

1853 Anti-slavery newspaper "The Provincial Freeman" first published in Windsor, Ontario, edited by Samuel Ringgold Ward and Mary Ann Shadd Cary, first black woman publisher in North America

  • 1855 Manhattan Kansas founded as New Boston Kansas
  • 1860 Clipper Andrew Jackson arrives in San Francisco, 89 days out of New York
  • 1868 Metropolitan Life Insurance Co forms
  • 1876 38th Grand National: Joe Cannon aboard 25/1 chance Regal wins by a neck from Congress
  • 1877 University boat race between Oxford & Cambridge ends in a dead heat
  • 1877 English FA Cup Final, Kennington Oval, London: Wanderers beat Oxford University, 2–1 (a.e.t.); Wanderers' 4th title
  • 1878 British frigate Eurydice sunk; 300 lost
  • 1880 Tobacco Growers' Mutual Insurance Company incorporates in CT

Scientific Discovery

1882 German scientist Robert Koch discovers and describes the tubercle bacillus which causes tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis), and establishes germ theory

  • 1882 44th Grand National: Lord Manners aboard 10/1 shot Seaman wins in heavy snow and freezing conditions
  • 1883 1st telephone call between NY & Chicago
  • 1887 Oscar Straus appointed 1st Jewish ambassador from US (to Turkey)
  • 1893 55th Grand National: Bill Dollery aboard 9/2 favourite Cloister wins by a massive 40 lengths from Aesop; owner Charles Duff fields 2 more winners 1912-13
  • 1894 37 miners killed at Franklin, Washington
  • 1899 61st Grand National: George Williamson aboard 1897 winner Manifesto wins by 4 lengths from Ford Of Fyne
  • 1900 New York City Mayor Robert Anderson Van Wyck breaks ground for a new underground "Rapid Transit Railroad" that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.

Historic Event

1905 A group of Cretans dedicated to Crete's union with Greece led by Eleutherios Venizelos, meet at the village of Therisso and proclaim a union in defiance of the Great Powers

  • 1906 "Census of the British Empire" shows Great Britain rules 1/5th of the world
  • 1907 The first issue of the Georgian Bolshevik newspaper Dro is published
  • 1910 83°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in March
  • 1911 73rd Grand National: legendary jockey Jack Anthony wins his first of 3 GN's aboard 20/1 Glenside in torrential rain
  • 1913 Dutch soccer forward Huug de Groot scores twice as Netherlands score first ever victory over England; 2-1 at HBS, The Hague
  • 1913 Palace Theater opens at 1564 Broadway, New York City
  • 1916 German submarines torpedo the unarmed French cross-channel packet 'Sussex'
  • 1920 1st US coast guard air station established (Morehead City, NC)
  • 1922 81st Grand National: Lewis Rees aboard 100/9 chance Music Hall wins; only 5 out of 32 starters finish
  • 1924 Greece becomes a republic

Music Premiere

1924 1st performance of Jean Sibelius' 7th Symphony in C at the Konsertföreningenin in Stockholm

  • 1925 KSL-AM in Salt Lake City UT begins radio transmissions
  • 1926 The Beehive in the Hague opens 1st escalator in Netherlands

Sports History

1927 Cuban chess champion José Raúl Capablanca wins 33-day Grand Chess Tournament

  • 1927 Dutch 1st Chamber condemns Belgian and Netherlands Wielingen Treaty
  • 1930 1st religious services telecast in US (W2XBS NYC)
  • 1932 1st US radio broadcast from a moving train (Belle Baker WABC from MD)
  • 1933 Peter I Island incorporated as a Norwegian dependency
  • 1933 92nd Grand National: Dudley Williams aboard 25/1 chance Kellsboro' Jack wins by 3 lengths and a neck from Really True
  • 1934 U.S. Congress passes the Tydings-McDuffie Act, declaring the Philippines independent after a period of 10 years
  • 1935 Major Bowes' Original Amateur Hour goes national on NBC Radio Network
  • 1936 Detroit Red Wings beat Montreal Maroons, 1-0 in 16:30 of 6th period of OT; record Stanley Cup playoff game lasts 9 periods (176 minutes)
  • 1937 Bus carrying a roller skater troupe to Cincinnati from St.Louis crashes into a bridge abutment in Salem, Illinois, killing 21 people
  • 1937 National Gallery of Art established by Congress
  • 1939 98th Grand National: Irish jockey Tim Hyde wins, riding 100/8 shot Workman

Film Premier

1939 "Wuthering Heights" film based on the Emily Brontë novel, directed by William Wyler and starring Merle Oberon and Laurence Olivier, premieres in Los Angeles

  • 1941 British troops defeat Italians in Somaliland
  • 1941 German troops occupy El Agheila Libya

Sports History

1941 Glenn Miller begins work on his 1st movie "Sun Valley Serenade", starring Sonja Henie and John Payne, for 20th Century Fox

  • 1941 LIU beats Ohio U 56-42 for NIT basketball championship
  • 1941 Richard Wright & Paul Green's "Native Son" premieres in NYC
  • 1942 US government begins moving native-born citizens with Japanese ancestry into detention centres under Executive Order 9066, with intention of preventing home-grown espionage
  • 1944 76 Allied officers escape Stalag Luft 3 (Great Escape)
  • 1944 811 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1944 In occupied Rome, Nazis execute 335 civilians in retaliation for the previous day's Via Rassela bombing that killed 33 Germans
  • 1944 RAF rear gunner Nicholas Alkemade survives a jump from his Lancaster bomber 18,000 feet over Germany without a parachute; his fall broken by pine trees and soft snow, suffers only a sprained leg
  • 1945 Operation Varsity: In the largest one-day airborne operation of all time, British, US & Canadian paratroopers land east of the Rhine in Northern Germany
  • 1945 US minesweepers reach Kerama Retto, South coast of Okinawa
  • 1947 Congress proposes 2-term limitation on the presidency

Historic Event

1947 John D. Rockefeller Jr donates NYC East River site to the UN

  • 1949 21st Academy Awards: "Hamlet", Laurence Olivier & Jane Wyman win, Walter & John Huston become 1st father-and-son team to win awards
  • 1949 SS police chief in the Netherlands Hanns Albin Rauter's request for a pardon denied, executed by firing squad
  • 1950 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Yvonne C Sherman
  • 1950 US Mens Figure Skating Championship won by Dick Button
  • 1952 Great demonstrations against apartheid in South Africa
  • 1953 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1955 1st seagoing oil drill rig placed in service
  • 1955 British Army patrols withdraw from Belfast after 20 years

Music History

1955 Tennessee Williams' "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" opens for 694 performances

  • 1956 18th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: San Francisco beats Iowa, 83-71; Dons' back-to-back National titles
  • 1956 Wales beats France, 5-3 at the National Stadium, Cardiff to clinch their 13th Five Nations Rugby Championship
  • 1956 110th Grand National: race best remembered for Devon Loch's inexplicable fall on final straight, just 40 yards from a certain victory; Dave Dick wins aboard E.S.B.
  • 1959 Iraq withdraws from the Baghdad Pact
  • 1959 The Party of the African Federation (PFA) is launched by Léopold Sédar Senghor and Modibo Keita.
  • 1960 US appeals court rules novel "Lady Chatterly's Lover" not obscene
  • 1961 NY Senate approves $55M for a baseball stadium at Flushing Meadows
  • 1962 24th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Cincinnati beats Ohio State, 71-59; Bearcats win back-to-back National titles
  • 1962 Emile Griffith beats Benny " Kid" Paret by TKO in 12th round in welterweight boxing title fight at MSG, NYC; Paret dies 10 days later; first use of television slow motion replay
  • 1964 Kennedy half-dollar issued
  • 1965 US Ranger 9 strikes Moon, 10 miles (16 km) NE of crater Alphonsus
  • 1966 Selective Service announces college deferments based on performance
  • 1967 University of Michigan holds 1st "Teach-in" after bombing of North Vietnam
  • 1969 Francis Turner is sworn in as the director of the Federal Highway Administration
  • 1970 Dutch cartoonist Frans Piet ends "Sjors & Sjimmie" strip
  • 1971 Serge Gainsbourg releases his concept album "Histoire de Melody Nelson"
  • 1972 Great Britain imposes direct rule over Northern Ireland
  • 1973 Harley Race beats Dory Funk Jr in Kansas City, to become NWA champ
  • 1973 Professional track debut of Kip Keino defeating Jim Ryun in the mile
  • 1973 San Francisco 49er president Lou Spadia proposes the NFL expands to 30 teams
  • 1974 36th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: North Carolina State beats Marquette, 76-64; Wolfpack first title; first tournament officially designated as a Division I championship

Boxing Title Fight

1975 Muhammad Ali TKOs Chuck Wepner in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

Coup d'état

1976 Argentine President Isabel Martínez de Perón is deposed in a military coup headed by Jorge Rafael Videla

Tony Awards

1977 Lily Tomlin is the first woman to appear solo in a Broadway show in "Appearing Nitely" (special Tony award 1977)

  • 1978 Wings release "With a Little Luck"
  • 1979 "Ballroom" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 116 performances

Sports History

1979 1st appearance as Australian cricket captain for Kim Hughes

  • 1979 Columbia flown on carrier aircraft lands at Kennedy Space Center

Sports History

1979 10 rebounds & 10 assists, as the Spartans cruise to a 101-67 by Penn Mich State's Earvin "Magic" Johnson registers triple-double 29 pts

  • 1980 42nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Louisville beats UCLA, 59-54; Cardinals' first title in first title game

Iran Hostage Crisis

1980 ABC's nightly Iran Hostage crisis program renamed "Nightline"

  • 1980 Capitol Records releases some rare Beatles tracks on the LP "Rarites"
  • 1981 "Nightline with Ted Koppel" premieres on ABC
  • 1981 Bombay beat Delhi by innings & 46 to win Ranji Cricket Trophy
  • 1981 Colombia drops diplomatic relations with Cuba
  • 1982 US sub Jacksonville collides with a Turkish freighter near Virginia
  • 1984 Andrea Schone skates ladies world record 5 km (7:34.52)
  • 1984 IOC agrees to 6-team exhibition baseball tournament in Olympics
  • 1984 Igor Malkov skates world record 10 km (14:21.51)
  • 1985 5th Golden Raspberry (Razzie) Awards: "Bolero" wins
  • 1985 Norman Gifford makes cricket ODI debuts at age 44 (v Aust, Sharjah)

Sports History

1985 Third straight WTA Tour Championship for tennis legend Martina Navratilova; beats Helena Suková 6–3, 7–5, 6–4 at Madison Square Garden, NYC

Sports History

1986 Men's International Professional Tennis Council announces Jimmy Connors' 10 week suspension and $20,000 fine for storming off the court after defaulting against Ivan Lendl at Boca Raton, Florida in February

  • 1986 Suriname army capt Etienne Boerenveen arrested for cocaine smuggling
  • 1986 US & Libya clash in Gulf of Sidra
  • 1986 NASA publishes "Strategy for Safely Returning the Space Shuttle to Flight Status"

Soul Train Music Awards

1987 1st Soul Train Music Awards: Janet Jackson, Luther Vandross win

  • 1987 WA win the Sheffield Shield by drawing cricket final vs Victoria
  • 1988 "Gospel at Colonus" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 61 performances
  • 1988 Quarterback Dan Fouts retires

Film & TV History

1989 NBC rebroadcasts Mary Martin and Cyril Ritchard's 1960 version of "Peter Pan" for the first time since 1973

  • 1989 Exxon tanker Valdez spills 10.8 million gallons of crude oil in Prince William Sound, near Tatitlek, Alaska
  • 1990 Indian troops leave Sri Lanka
  • 1990 Tom Hunter swims world record 50m freestyle (21.81 sec)
  • 1991 11th Golden Raspberry Awards: Ford Fairlane & Ghosts Can't Do It wins
  • 1991 Barcelona Dragons beat NY/NJ Knights 19-7 in their 1st WLAF game
  • 1991 Banks reopen in liberated Kuwait
  • 1991 NY Yankees beat NY Mets, 9-3

WrestleMania

1991 WrestleMania VII in LA Memorial Sports Arena, CA: Hulk Hogan beats Sgt Slaughter for WWF Heavyweight title

Sports History

1991 Ayrton Senna wins the Brazilian Grand Prix for the 1st time, at Interlagos, São Paulo

  • 1992 "Jake's Women" opens at Neil Simon Theater NYC for 245 performances
  • 1992 Sudanese Boeing 707 crashes on mountain Hymettos at Athens: 5-6 die
  • 1992 Space Shuttle STS-45 (Atlantis 11) launches into space with the 1st Belgium in space onboard, Dirk Frimout
  • 1993 Ezer Weizman elected president of Israel
  • 1994 "Carousel" opens at Beaumont Theater NYC for 322 performances
  • 1994 "Song of Jacob Zulu" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 53 performances
  • 1994 F-16 collides with C-130 Hercules above AFB in NC, 120 die
  • 1996 16th Golden Raspberry Awards: "Showgirls" wins
  • 1996 MTA raises NYC bridge tolls to $3.50 each way
  • 1997 Australian parliament overturns world's 1st & only euthanasia law
  • 1998 Jonesboro massacre: Two students, ages 11 and 13, fire upon teachers and students at Westside Middle School in Jonesboro, Arkansas; five people are dead and ten are wounded.
  • 1998 A tornado sweeps through Dantan in India killing 250 people and injuring 3000 others.
  • 1999 Kosovo War: NATO commences air bombardment against Yugoslavia, marking the first time NATO has attacked a sovereign country.
  • 1999 Mont Blanc Tunnel Fire: 39 people die when a Belgian transport truck carrying flour and margarine caught fire in the Mont Blanc Tunnel.

Film Premier

1999 "The Matrix" film written and directed by The Wachowskis, starring Keanu Reeve, Lawrence Fishburne and Carrie-Ann Moss premieres

  • 2001 21st Golden Raspberry Awards: "Battlefield Earth" wins

Academy Awards

2002 74th Academy Awards: "A Beautiful Mind", Denzel Washington and Halle Berry win; Berry is the first woman of colour to win the Best Actress award

  • 2002 PGA Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: Unheralded New Zealander Craig Perks chips-in twice on the final 3 holes for his only PGA Tour career win, 2 strokes ahead of Stephen Ames
  • 2003 The Arab League votes 21-1 in favor of a resolution demanding the immediate and unconditional removal of U.S. and British soldiers from Iraq.

Television Premiere

2005 US version of "The Office" created by Ricky Gervais and Stephen Merchant, developed by Greg Daniels, starring Steve Carell and John Krasinski premieres on NBC

  • 2006 Long-term protests in Belarus are broken by police.

Historic Event

2006 Pope Benedict XVI adds 15 men to the College of Cardinals, in the first consistory of his Pontificate

  • 2007 The Australian Labor Party is reinstated after the New South Wales state elections.
  • 2008 Bhutan officially becomes a democracy, with its first ever general election.
  • 2010 Lee Kun-hee returns to Samsung Electronics chief executive officer (CEO) position after his resignation in April 21, 2008

Music History

2010 The World Health Organization appoints Craig David as a Goodwill Ambassador against tuberculosis on World Tuberculosis Day

  • 2012 African Union deploys 5,000 strong force with the aim of catching or killing warlord Joseph Kony
  • 2013 17 soldiers are killed by a suicide bomber at a military checkpoint in North Waziristan, Pakistan
  • 2013 25 people are killed by gunmen in a coordinated attack in Adamawa State, Nigeria
  • 2013 A series of emergency meetings in Brussels undertaken to resolve Cyprus’ financial situation
  • 2013 Scotland defeats Sweden to win the 2013 World Women's Curling Championship
  • 2014 Ukraine withdraws its forces from the Crimea
  • 2015 Germanwings flight on route between Barcelona and Düsseldorf crashes in the French Alps killing all 150 on board
  • 2016 Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadžić found guilty of genocide during 1995 Srebrenica massacre, sentenced to 40 years
  • 2016 English footballer Adam Johnson sentenced to 6 years in prison for sexual activity with a schoolgirl

Historic Event

2017 US President Donald Trump and Republican party forced to pull their attempt to repeal Obamacare after internal opposition

  • 2018 Tens of thousands attend 'March for Our Lives' rallies held in Washington, D.C. and around the world to protest gun violence
  • 2018 American conducts it first ever drone strike against Qaeda militants in southern Libya
  • 2018 Hundreds of protesters shut down special meeting at Sacramento City Hall investigating police shooting of Stephon Clark
  • 2018 Australian batsman Cameron Bancroft is caught on camera rubbing match ball with an object during 3rd Cricket Test in Cape Town, resulting in an infamous ball tampering scandal
  • 2019 New England Patriots tight end Rob Gronkowski announces retirement as 3-time Super Bowl winner, TE postseason record, most receptions (81), receiving yards (1,163) and receiving TDs (12)
  • 2019 Investigation headed by Special Council Robert S. Mueller finds no evidence President Trump colluded with Russia in 2016 election
  • 2019 2-time American League MVP Mike Trout signs the biggest contract in North American sports history, a $426.5 million, 12-year extension with the Los Angeles Angels

COVID-19 Pandemic

2020 Indian PM Narendra Modi orders a 21 day lockdown for world's second most populous country of 1.3 billion people to deal with COVID-19

COVID-19

2020 Japan's Prime Minister Shinzō Abe announces postponement of Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games until summer of 2021 because of the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic

  • 2020 China's Hubei province, the original center of the COVID-19 outbreak eases restrictions on travel after a nearly two-month lockdown