Historical Events on March 26

  • 127 Greek astronomer and mathematician Ptolemy begins his observations of the heavens (until 141 AD)
  • 685 Cuthbert (later Saint Cuthbert) is consecrated Bishop of Lindisfarne by Archbishop Theodore at York
  • 1027 Pope John XIX crowns Conrad II Holy Roman Emperor, founder of the Salian dynasty
  • 1147 Jewish community in Cologne fasts to commemorate anti-Jewish violence

Historic Event

1484 William Caxton prints his translation of Aesop's Fables

  • 1526 King Francis I returns from Spanish captivity to France
  • 1534 Lübeck accepts free Dutch ships into East Sea
  • 1552 Guru Amar Das becomes the Third Sikh Guru
  • 1636 University of Utrecht opening ceremony
  • 1663 The Quebec Seminary established by François de Montmorency-Laval, First Bishop of New France. North America's first institution of higher learning. [1]
  • 1668 England takes control of Bombay, India
  • 1692 King Maximilian installed as land guardian of South Netherlands
  • 1780 1st British Sunday newspaper appears (British Gazette & Sunday Monitor)
  • 1790 US Congress passes Naturalization Act, requires 2-year residency
  • 1793 Pro-royalist uprising in Vendée region of France
  • 1804 Congress orders removal of Indians east of Mississippi to Louisiana
  • 1804 Territory of Orleans organizes in Louisiana Purchase

Historic Event

1808 Charles IV of Spain abdicates in favor of his son, Ferdinand VII

Massive Earthquake in Caracas, Venezuela

1812 Earthquake measuring 7.7 on the Richter scale destroys 90% of Caracas, Venezuela and kills an estimated 15,000–20,000 people

Historic Event

1820 Future Mormon church leader Joseph Smith has his "First Vision" in a wooded area of New York, according to Mormon scholars

  • 1821 Franz Grillparzer's "Das Goldene Vliess" premieres in Vienna
  • 1830 The Book of Mormon is published in Palmyra, New York
  • 1839 1st Henley Royal Regatta on the river Thames, England
  • 1845 Joseph Francis from NYC, patents a corrugated sheet-iron lifeboat
  • 1845 Patent awarded for adhesive medicated plaster, precursor of band-aid
  • 1852 Decree regarding streets of Paris passed
  • 1856 New South Wales's first 1st-class game, v Victoria at Melbourne NSW wins
  • 1859 1st supposed sighting of Vulcan, a planet thought to orbit inside Mercury; it doesn't exist
  • 1862 Battle of La Glorieta Pass, New Mexico Territory (Apache Canyon, Pigeon's Ranch)
  • 1863 Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves
  • 1871 Municipal elections bring revolutionaries to power in Paris to form Commune government
  • 1872 7.8 earthquake shakes Owens Valley, California
  • 1872 Thomas J. Martin, of Alabama, receives a U.S. patent for a pipe and valve fire extinguisher system
  • 1874 36th Grand National: Mr. J. M. Richardson wins his second consecutive GN aboard French 5/1 favourite Reugny
  • 1878 Hastings College of Law founded in San Francisco, California
  • 1881 Thessaly is freed and becomes part of Greece again
  • 1885 1st modern, legal cremation held in England at Woking, Surrey [1]
  • 1885 Eastman Film Co manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film

Victory in Battle

1885 Louis Riel's forces defeat Canadian forces at Duck Lake, Sask

  • 1886 48th Grand National: Tommy Skelton wins aboard 25/1 chance Old Joe
  • 1889 Bernard Tancred carries bat for 26* out of 47! South Africa v England
  • 1889 Johnny Briggs takes 15-26 (7-17 & 8-11) v South Africa at Newlands
  • 1889 South Africa all out 47, then follow-on all out 43 v England
  • 1895 King Alfonso plants pine sapling in Madrid, starts Spain's Arbor Day
  • 1897 59th Grand National: Terry Kavanagh aboard 6/1 favourite Manifesto wins by 20 lengths from Filbert
  • 1898 Sabi Game Reserve opens in South Africa, the world's 1st officially designated game reserve; now part of Kruger National Park
  • 1898 Sabie Game Reserve proclaimed in the Transvaal - the beginnings of Kruger National Park
  • 1900 1st edition The (Free) People (Netherlands, probably Amsterdam)
  • 1903 American Hotel opens in Amsterdam
  • 1909 71st Grand National: Georges Parfrement wins aboard French 100/9 hope Lutteur III
  • 1909 August Strindberg's "Bjalb-jarle-ti" premieres in Stockholm
  • 1909 In support of Mohammed Ali Shah's coup d'etat against the constitutional government in Persia, a Russian military force invades northern Persia to relieve the siege of Tabriz
  • 1910 US forbids immigration to criminals, anarchists, paupers and the sick
  • 1910 William H. Lewis appointed US Assistant Attorney General
  • 1913 Bulgaria captures Adrianople, ending the 1st Balkan War
  • 1913 Dayton, Ohio almost destroyed when Scioto, Miami and Muskingum River reach flood stage simultaneously
  • 1915 77th Grand National: legendary jockey Jack Anthony wins his second of 3 GN's aboard 100/8 bet Ally Sloper
  • 1915 Stanley Cup Final, Denman Arena, Vancouver, BC: Barney Stanley scores 5 goals as Vancouver Millionaires beat Ottawa Senators, 12-3 for a 3-0 sweep of first non-challenge series; Vancouver first PCHA champions
  • 1917 British win a battle against Turks at Gaza
  • 1917 Stanley Cup Final, Seattle Ice Arena, Seattle, WA: Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) beat Montreal Canadiens (NHL), 9-1 for a 3-1 series victory; first US team to win SC
  • 1920 79th Grand National: legendary jockey Jack Anthony wins his record 3rd GN aboard 6/1 Troytown
  • 1924 Premiere of Bernard Shaw's play "Saint Joan" opens in London
  • 1926 85th Grand National: Billy Watkinson victorious aboard 25/1 bet Jack Horner; first Australian jockey to win the race
  • 1926 ACD de Graeff appointed governor general of Dutch East Indies
  • 1926 First lip-reading tournament held in America
  • 1927 Alfred Hugenberg purchases German film company UFA
  • 1927 Gaumont-British Film Corporation forms
  • 1930 Congress appropriates $50,000 for Inter-American highway
  • 1931 Iraq & Trans-Jordan sign peace treaty
  • 1931 Leo Bentley bowls 3 consecutive perfect games in Lorain, Ohio
  • 1931 New Delhi replaces Calcutta as capital of British-Indies
  • 1934 Driving tests introduced in Britain
  • 1935 RJ Mitchell & Major Sorley discuss armament of Supermarine Spitfire
  • 1936 1st parliamentary debate on NZ radio
  • 1936 200" telescope lens shipped, Corning Glass Works, NY-Cal Tech
  • 1936 Mary Joyce ends a 1,000 mile trip by dog in Alaska

Sports History

1937 Joe DiMaggio takes Ty Cobb's advice and replaces his 40 oz bat with a 36 oz one

  • 1937 Spinach growers of Crystal City, Texas, erect statue of Popeye
  • 1937 William H. Hastie becomes 1st black federal judge (Virgin Islands)

Radio History

1938 NBC radio performance of Howard Hanson's 3rd Symphony

Theater Premiere

1940 "The Fifth Column", a play by Ernest Hemingway and adapted by Benjamin Glazer premieres in NYC courtesy of the Theater Guild

  • 1942 Explosion of 20 tons of gelignite in a stone quarry at Easton, Pennsylvania, kills 21

'The Banality of Evil'

1942 First "Eichmann transport" to Auschwitz & Birkenau concentration camps

Battle of Interest

1942 German offensive in North Africa under General Erwin Rommel

  • 1943 Battle of Komandorski Islands, naval battle between American navy and Japanese Imperial forces in the Pacific Ocean, ends inconclusively
  • 1943 Elsie S. Ott is 1st woman to be awarded US Air Force Medal
  • 1944 705 British bombers attack Essen, Germany

Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima

1945 Allies led by US Marine Corps secure island of Iwo Jima from Imperial Japanese Army, after 18,000 Japanese & 6,000 Americans killed

Historic Event

1945 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill looks over at the Rhine (near Ginsberg)

Sports History

1945 De Paul wins NIT basketball championship, George Mikan scores 34

  • 1945 Kamikaze attack on US battle fleet near Kerama Retto
  • 1945 US 7th Army crosses Rhine at Worms
  • 1945 Venray soccer team forms
  • 1949 103rd Grand National: Leo McMorrow aboard 66/1 outsider Russian Hero wins by a comfortable 8 lengths ahead of Roimond
  • 1949 11th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Oklahoma State, 46-36; Wildcats' back-to-back titles; center Alex Groza MOP

Historic Event

1951 United States Air Force flag officially adopted by President Harry S. Truman

  • 1952 14th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kansas beats St. Johns, 80-63; first tournament to have a true "Final Four" format
  • 1952 Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Die Ehe des Herrn Mississippi" premieres in Munich
  • 1953 "Ugetsu", Japanese film directed by Kenji Mizoguchi, starring Masayuki Mori, Machiko Kyō and Kinuyo Tanaka, is released
  • 1954 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1955 "Ballad of Davy Crockett" version recorded by Bill Hayes becomes the #1 record in US
  • 1955 109th Grand National: Pat Taaffe wins aboard Quare Times at 100/9; third consecutive GN victory for trainer Vincent O'Brien
  • 1955 France misses out on a maiden Grand Slam after losing, 16-11 to Wales at Stade Colombes; share Five Nations Rugby Championship with Wales with 3-1 record
  • 1956 Medic Alert Foundation forms
  • 1956 Red Buttons stars as an angel on TV anthology series "Studio One" episode "Tale of St. Emergency"

The Bridge on the River Kwai

1958 30th Academy Awards-"The Bridge on the River Kwai" wins Best Picture, Joanne Woodward & Alec Guinness win Best Actress and Best Actor, respectively

  • 1958 The African Regroupment Party (PRA) is launched at a meeting in Paris
  • 1958 US Army launches America's third successful satellite, "Explorer III"
  • 1959 Test debut for Pakistani cricketer Mushtaq Mohammad v West Indies, aged 15 years
  • 1960 114th Grand National: Gerry Scott wins aboard 13/2 favourite Merryman II; first clear favourite to win in 33 years
  • 1960 Iraq executes 30 after attack on Prime Minister Abd al-Karim Qasim
  • 1960 Orioles-Reds series planned for Havana is moved to Miami
  • 1960 USC captures NCAA swimming title
  • 1962 US Supreme Court backs 1-man-1-vote apportionment of seats in state legistature

Music Premiere

1964 Jule Styne and Bob Merrill's musical "Funny Girl", starring Barbra Streisand as Fanny Brice, opens at Winter Garden Theater, New York City; runs for 1,348 performances

  • 1966 120th Grand National: Tim Norman aboard 50/1 outsider Anglo wins by 20 lengths, giving Freddie 2nd place for a second straight year
  • 1966 Large-scale anti-Vietnam War protests take place in the United States, including in New York, Washington, D.C. and Chicago
  • 1966 Wales beats France, 9-8 at the National Stadium, Cardiff to clinch their 15th Five Nations Rugby Championship
  • 1967 21st Tony Awards: Homecoming & Cabaret win

Catholic Encyclical

1967 Pope Paul VI publishes encyclical Populorum progressio

  • 1969 "Marcus Welby, M.D.", starring Robert Young and James Brolin debuts as a TV movie on ABC-TV, prior to becoming a weekly series
  • 1969 Nuclear reactor Dodewaard Neth goes into use
  • 1969 Soviet weather satellite Meteor 1 launched
  • 1970 500th nuclear explosion announced by the US since 1945
  • 1970 Folk singer Peter Yarrow (Peter, Paul & Mary) pleads guilty to "taking immoral liberties" with a 14 year old girl and serves 3 months in prison; granted a presidential pardon in 1981
  • 1970 Golden Gate Park Conservatory made San Francisco city landmark

Music Premiere

1970 Musical "Minnie's Boys", starring Shelley Winters as the mother of the Marx Brothers, and Drama Desk Award winner Lewis J. Stadlen as Groucho, opens at the Imperial Theater, New York City; runs for 80 performances

  • 1970 The Police (Northern Ireland) Act becomes law; the act provides for the disarmament of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) and the establishment of an RUC reserve force
  • 1971 "Benny Hill Show" tops TV ratings
  • 1971 "Cannon" starring William Conrad as a private detective premieres on CBS-TV; airs for 5 seasons

Historic Event

1971 Bangladesh (East Pakistan) under Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declares its independence from Pakistan

  • 1972 "Only Fools Are Sad" closes at Edison Theater NYC after 144 performances
  • 1972 LA Lakers break NBA wins record by winning 69 of 82 games (69-13), record will stand for 24 years
  • 1972 William Whitelaw appointed as the first Secretary of State for Northern Ireland

Sports History

1973 35th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Memphis 81-76; Bruins' 7th straight title; future Hall of Fame center Bill Walton tournament MOP for 2nd consecutive year

  • 1973 Susan Shaw is first woman in 171 years in London's Stock exchange
  • 1973 TV soap opera "The Young & the Restless" premieres on CBS

Boxing Title Fight

1974 George Foreman TKOs Ken Norton in 2 for heavyweight boxing title in Caracas, Venezuela

  • 1974 Romanian communist party names party leader Ceausescu president

Film Premiere

1975 Ken Russell's film "Tommy", based on the rock opera by The Who, premieres in London; Roger Daltrey and Ann-Margret star, Tina Turner and Elton John are featured

  • 1975 The Biological Weapons Convention enters into force.
  • 1975 Washington Capitals play record NHL 37th road game without a win & NHL record of 17 straight loses
  • 1976 AL approves purchase of Toronto franchise by LaBatt Brewing for $7M

Historic Event

1976 Queen Elizabeth II sent out the first royal email, from the Royal Signals and Radar Establishment

  • 1976 Wings release "Wings at the Speed of Sound" album
  • 1977 AIAW Women's Basketball Tournament, Delta State beat Louisiana State University 68-55 in Minneapolis

Music History

1977 Elvis Costello releases his 1st record "Less Than Zero"

  • 1977 Focus on the Family is founded by Dr. James Dobson

Sports History

1979 41st NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Michigan State beats Indiana State, 75-64; marks start of rivalry between future Hall of Famers Magic Johnson and Larry Bird; highest-rated game in history of televised college basketball

Treaty of Interest

1979 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and Egyptian President Anwar Sadat sign the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty in Washington, D.C.

  • 1979 Michigan State Spartans snaps Indiana State's 33-game winning streak
  • 1979 MLB San Diego Padres & San Francisco Giants announce plans to play exhibition series in Tokyo but Giant players reject it
  • 1979 OPEC makes full 14.5% oil price increase for 1979 effective on April 1
  • 1980 Bombay gets its 1st rock concert in 10 years (The Police)
  • 1981 Police & Albanian demonstrators battle in Kosovo, Yugoslavia
  • 1981 Soviet space mission Soyuz T-4 lands
  • 1982 Groundbreaking in Washington, D.C. for Vietnam Veterans Memorial

Music Single

1982 Paul McCartney and Stevie Wonder release the single "Ebony & Ivory" in the UK

  • 1982 Soap opera "Capitol" premieres
  • 1983 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

1985 Pope John Paul II proclaims first ever World Youth Day

Music History

1986 Geffen records signs Guns & Roses

Historic Event

1987 August Wilson's "Fences" premieres at the 46th Street Theatre, New York City in NYC; wins Pulitzer Prize for Drama, 4 Tony and 3 Drama desk Awards

  • 1987 Hyderabad beat Delhi on 1st innings to win Ranji Trophy
  • 1987 NASA launches Fltsatcom-6, it fails to reach orbit
  • 1987 National Federation of State High School Associations adopt the college 3 point shot (21 feet)
  • 1988 American Janet Evans swims 1,500m freestyle female world record 15:52.10 in the USA Spring Nationals in Orlando, Florida

Academy Awards

1990 Japanese filmmaker Akira Kurosawa wins the Academy Award for Lifetime Achievement

  • 1991 Fuel pipe explodes under 58th street & Lexington Ave, NYC
  • 1991 Marc Camoletti's "Don't Dress for Dinner" premieres in London
  • 1991 Orlando Thunder beats San Antonio Riders in their 1st WLAF game 35-34
  • 1991 Victoria beat NSW by 7 wickets to win Sheffield Shield Final

Sports History

1992 Mike Tyson sentenced to 10 years in rape of Desiree Washington

  • 1992 NHL NY Rangers clinch 1st NHL regular season championship in 50 years

World Record

1994 Bonnie Blair skates world record 500 m ladies (38.99 sec)

  • 1994 Gunda Niemann skates un-official world record 10 km ladies (14:22.60)
  • 1994 Gunda Niemann skates world record 5 km ladies (7:03.26)
  • 1994 Yuka Sato of Japan wins world figure skating championship in Tokyo
  • 1995 "Defending the Caveman" opens at Helen Hayes Theater NYC for 671 performances
  • 1995 "Moliere Comedies" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 56 performances
  • 1995 15th Golden Raspberry Awards: "Color of Night" wins
  • 1995 Mashonaland beat Mashonaland U-24 by 165 runs to win Logan Cup
  • 1995 Nabisco Dinah Shore Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: Nanci Bowen wins her only major title, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Susie Redman; her sole LPGA Tour victory

PGA Players Championship

1995 PGA Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: Lee Janzen wins by a stroke ahead of runner-up Bernhard Langer of Germany

  • 1995 The Schengen Treaty goes into effect.

Cricket History

1996 Last day of 1st-class cricket for Allan Border (Qld v Vic)

  • 1996 The International Monetary Fund approves a $10.2 billion loan for Russia
  • 1997 "Annie" opens at Martin Beck Theater New York City, and runs for 239 performances.
  • 1997 NHL announces Anaheim Mighty Ducks & Vancouver Canucks to open 1998 season in Japan
  • 1997 Thirty-nine bodies found in the Heaven's Gate cult suicides
  • 1998 Oued Bouaicha massacre in Algeria; 52 people killed with axes and knives, 32 of them babies under the age of 2.

Murder of Interest

1999 A jury in Michigan finds Dr. Jack Kevorkian guilty of second-degree murder for administering a lethal injection to a terminally ill man

  • 1999 The "Melissa worm" infects Microsoft word processing and e-mail systems around the world.

Golf Major

2000 Nabisco Championship Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: Karrie Webb of Australia wins the first of her 2 titles in this event, 10 strokes ahead of defending champion Dottie Pepper

  • 2001 Kazakhstan's Prime Minister opens an oil pipeline from the giant Tengiz Field to the Russian port of Novorossiysk on Monday, giving the Central Asian producer its first direct link to international markets
  • 2001 PGA Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: Tiger Woods wins the first of his 2 PC's, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Vijay Singh of Fiji