On This Day

Historical Events on March 26

Events 1 - 200 of 226

  • 685 Cuthbert (later Saint Cuthbert) s consecrated Bishop of Lindisfarne by Archbishop Theodore at York
  • 1027 Pope John XIX crowns Conrad II Holy Roman Emperor, founder of the Salian dynasty
  • 1147 Jewish community in Cologne fasts to commemorate anti-Jewish violence
  • 1484 William Caxton prints his translation of Aesop's Fables
  • 1526 King Francois I returns Spanish captivity to France
  • 1534 Lübeck accepts free Dutch ships into East Sea
  • 1552 Guru Amar Das becomes the Third Sikh Guru
  • 1636 University of Utrecht opening ceremony
  • 1668 England takes control of Bombay, India
  • 1692 King Maximilian installed as land guardian of South Netherlands
  • 1780 1st British Sunday newspaper appears (British Gazette & Sunday Monitor)
  • 1790 US Congress passes Naturalization Act, requires 2-year residency
  • 1793 Pro-royalist uprising in Vendée region of France

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1799 Napoleon captures Jaffa, Palestine

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1804 Congress orders removal of Indians east of Mississippi to Louisiana
  • 1804 Territory of Orleans organizes in Louisiana Purchase

  • 1808 Charles IV of Spain abdicates in favor of his son, Ferdinand VII.

VenezuelaMassive Earthquake in Caracas, Venezuela

1812 Earthquake measuring 7.7 on the Richter scale destroys 90% of Caracas, Venezuela and kills an estimated 15,000–20,000 people
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Caracas lies in ruins after the deadly 1812 earthquake
Caracas lies in ruins after the deadly 1812 earthquake

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1820 Future Mormon church leader Joseph Smith has his "First Vision" in a wooded area of New York, according to Mormon scholars

Religious Leader Joseph Smith
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith
  • 1821 Franz Grillparzer's "Das Goldene Vliess" premieres in Vienna
  • 1830 The Book of Mormon is published in Palmyra, New York.
  • 1839 1st Henley Royal Regatta
  • 1845 Joseph Francis from NYC, patents a corrugated sheet-iron lifeboat
  • 1845 Patent awarded for adhesive medicated plaster, precursor of band-aid
  • 1852 Decree regarding streets of Paris passed
  • 1856 New South Wales's first 1st-class game, v Victoria at Melbourne NSW, won
  • 1859 1st supposed sighting of Vulcan, a planet thought to orbit inside Mercury; it doesn't exist
  • 1862 Battle of La Glorieta Pass, New Mexico Territory (Apache Canyon, Pigeon's Ranch)
  • 1863 Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves
  • 1871 Municipal elections bring revolutionaries to power in Paris to form Commune government
  • 1872 7.8 earthquake shakes Owens Valley, California
  • 1872 Thomas J Martin patents fire extinguisher
  • 1874 36th Grand National: Mr. J. M. Richardson wins his second consecutive GN aboard French 5/1 favourite Reugny
  • 1878 Hastings College of Law founded in California
  • 1878 Sabi Game Reserve opens in South Africa, the world's 1st officially designated game reserve
  • 1881 Thessaly is freed and becomes part of Greece again

  • 1885 Eastman Film Co manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1885 Louis Riel's forces defeat Canadian forces at Duck Lake, Sask

Politician Louis Riel
Politician
Louis Riel
  • 1886 1st cremation in England
  • 1886 48th Grand National: Tommy Skelton wins aboard 25/1 chance Old Joe
  • 1889 Bernard Tancred carries bat for 26* out of 47! South Africa v England
  • 1889 Johnny Briggs took 15-26 (7-17 & 8-11) v South Africa at Newlands
  • 1889 South Africa all out 47, then follow-on all out 43 v England
  • 1895 King Alfonso plants pine sapling in Madrid, starts Spain's Arbor Day
  • 1897 59th Grand National: Terry Kavanagh aboard 6/1 favourite Manifesto wins by 20 lengths from Filbert
  • 1900 1st edition The (Free) People (Neth, probably Amsterdam)
  • 1903 American Hotel opens in Amsterdam
  • 1909 August Strindberg's "Bjalb-jarle-ti" premieres in Stockholm
  • 1909 In support of Mohammed Ali Shah's coup d'etat against the constitutional government in Persia, a Russian military force invades northern Persia to relieve the siege of Tabriz
  • 1909 71st Grand National: Georges Parfrement wins aboard French 100/9 hope Lutteur III
  • 1910 US forbid immigration to criminals, anarchists, paupers & the sick
  • 1910 William H Lewis appointed US Assistant Attorney General
  • 1913 Bulgaria captures Adrianople, ending the 1st Balkan War
  • 1913 Dayton, Ohio almost destroyed when Scioto, Miami, & Muskingum River reach flood stage simultaneously
  • 1915 Stanley Cup Final, Denman Arena, Vancouver, BC: Barney Stanley scores 5 goals as Vancouver Millionaires beat Ottawa Senators, 12-3 for a 3-0 sweep of first non-challenge series; Vancouver first PCHA champions
  • 1915 77th Grand National: legendary jockey Jack Anthony wins his second of 3 GN's aboard 100/8 bet Ally Sloper
  • 1917 Stanley Cup Final, Seattle Ice Arena, Seattle, WA: Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) beat Montreal Canadiens (NHL), 9-1 for a 3-1 series victory; first US team to win SC
  • 1917 British win a battle against Turks at Gaza
  • 1920 79th Grand National: legendary jockey Jack Anthony wins his record 3rd GN aboard 6/1 Troytown
  • 1924 Premiere of Bernard Shaw's "Saint Joan" in London
  • 1926 ACD de Graeff appointed governor general of Dutch East Indies
  • 1926 The 1st lip-reading tournament held in America
  • 1926 85th Grand National: Billy Watkinson victorious aboard 25/1 bet Jack Horner; first Australian jockey to win the race
  • 1927 Alfred Hugenberg purchases German film company UFA
  • 1927 Gaumont-British Film Corporation forms
  • 1930 Congress appropriates $50,000 for Inter-American highway
  • 1931 Iraq & Trans-Jordan sign peace treaty
  • 1931 Leo Bentley bowls 3 consecutive perfect games in Lorain, Ohio
  • 1931 New Delhi replaces Calcutta as capital of British-Indies
  • 1934 Driving tests introduced in Britain
  • 1935 RJ Mitchell & Mjr Sorley discuss armament of Supermarine Spitfire
  • 1936 1st parliamentary debate on NZ radio
  • 1936 200" telescope lens shipped, Corning Glass Works, NY-Cal Tech
  • 1936 Mary Joyce ends a 1,000 mile trip by dog in Alaska

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Joe DiMaggio takes Ty Cobb's advice and replaces his 40 oz bat with a 36 oz one

Baseball Player Joe DiMaggio
Baseball Player
Joe DiMaggio
MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb
  • 1937 Spinach growers of Crystal City, Texas, erect statue of Popeye
  • 1937 William H Hastie becomes 1st black federal judge (Virgin Islands)

Music concertMusic Concert

1938 NBC radio performance of Howard Hanson's 3rd Symphony

Composer and Conductor Howard Hanson
Composer and Conductor
Howard Hanson

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1940 "The Fifth Column", a play by Ernest Hemingway and adapted by Benjamin Glazer premieres in NYC courtesy of the Theater Guild

Execution'The Banality of Evil'

1942 First "Eichmann transport" to Auschwitz & Birkenau concentration camps
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Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
  • 1942 Explosion of 20 tons of gelignite in a stone quarry at Easton, Pennsylvania, kills 21

BattleBattle of Interest

1942 German offensive in North Africa under General Erwin Rommel

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1943 Battle of Komandorski Islands, Pacific Ocean
  • 1943 Elsie S Ott becomes 1st woman awarded US Air Force Medal
  • 1944 705 British bombers attack Essen

Victory in BattleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

1945 Allies led by US Marine Corps secure island of Iwo Jima from Imperial Japanese Army, after 18,000 Japanese & 6,000 Americans killed
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United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 British premier Winston Churchill looks over at the Rhine (near Ginsberg)

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 De Paul wins NIT basketball championship, George Mikan scores 34

NBA Center George Mikan
NBA Center
George Mikan

BattleBattle of Interest

1945 Allied generals Dwight D. Eisenhower, Omar Bradley and George S. Patton launch attack at Remagen on the Rhine

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
  • 1945 Kamikaze attack on US battle fleet near Kerama Retto
  • 1945 US 7th Army crosses Rhine at Worms

  • 1945 Venray soccer team forms
  • 1949 11th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Oklahoma State, 46-36; Wildcats' back-to-back titles; center Alex Groza MOP
  • 1949 103rd Grand National: Leo McMorrow aboard 66/1 outsider Russian Hero wins by a comfortable 8 lengths ahead of Roimond

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 United States Air Force flag officially adopted by President Harry S. Truman

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1952 14th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kansas beats St. Johns, 80-63; first tournament to have a true "Final Four" format
  • 1952 Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Die Ehe des Herrn Mississippi" premieres in Munich

InventionScientific Discovery

1953 Dr Jonas Salk announces vaccine to prevent polio

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 1953 "Ugetsu", Japanese film directed by Kenji Mizoguchi, starring Masayuki Mori, Machiko Kyō and Kinuyo Tanaka, is released
  • 1954 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1955 "Ballad of Davy Crockett" becomes the #1 record in US
  • 1955 109th Grand National: Pat Taaffe wins aboard Quare Times at 100/9; third consecutive GN victory for trainer Vincent O'Brien
  • 1955 France misses out on a maiden Grand Slam after losing, 16-11 to Wales at Stade Colombes; share Five Nations Rugby Championship with Wales with 3-1 record
  • 1956 Medic Alert Foundation forms
  • 1956 Red Buttons debuts on TV in Studio One

Film ReleaseThe Bridge on the River Kwai

1958 30th Academy Awards-"The Bridge on the River Kwai" wins Best Picture, Joanne Woodward & Alec Guinness win Best Actress and Best Actor, respectively
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The Bridge on the River Kwai movie poster
The Bridge on the River Kwai movie poster
  • 1958 US Army launched America's third successful satellite, "Explorer III"
  • 1958 The African Regroupment Party (PRA) is launched at a meeting in Paris.
  • 1959 Test debut for Pakistani cricketer Mushtaq Mohammad v West Indies, aged 15 years
  • 1960 Iraq executes 30 after attack on President Kassem
  • 1960 Orioles-Reds series planned for Havana is moved to Miami
  • 1960 USC captures NCAA swimming title
  • 1960 114th Grand National: Gerry Scott wins aboard 13/2 favourite Merryman II; first clear favourite to win in 33 years
  • 1962 US Supreme Court backs 1-man-1-vote apportionment of seats in state legistature
  • 1964 "Funny Girl" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 1,348 performances
  • 1966 Large-scale anti-Vietnam War protests take place in the United States, including in New York, Washington D.C. and Chicago
  • 1966 120th Grand National: Tim Norman aboard 50/1 outsider Anglo wins by 20 lengths, giving Freddie 2nd place for a second straight year
  • 1966 Wales beats France, 9-8 at the National Stadium, Cardiff to clinch their 15th Five Nations Rugby Championship
  • 1967 21st Tony Awards: Homecoming & Cabaret win

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1967 Pope Paul VI publishes encyclical Populorum progressio

Pope Paul VI
Pope
Paul VI
  • 1969 Marcus Welby MD, a TV movie is shown on ABC-TV

  • 1969 Nuclear reactor Dodewaard Neth goes into use
  • 1969 Soviet weather satellite Meteor 1 launched
  • 1970 "Minnie's Boys" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 80 performances
  • 1970 500th nuclear explosion announced by the US since 1945
  • 1970 Golden Gate Park Conservatory made city landmark
  • 1970 Peter Yarrow (Peter, Paul & Mary) pleads guilty to "taking immoral liberties" with a 14 year old girl
  • 1970 The Police (Northern Ireland) Act becomes law; the act provides for the disarmament of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) and the establishment of an RUC reserve force
  • 1971 "Benny Hill Show" tops TV ratings
  • 1971 "Cannon" with William Conrad premieres on CBS-TV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Bangladesh (East Pakistan) under Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declares its independence from Pakistan

Founding Father of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Founding Father of Bangladesh
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
  • 1972 "Only Fools Are Sad" closes at Edison Theater NYC after 144 performances
  • 1972 LA Lakers break NBA wins record by winning 69 of 82 games (69-13), record will stand for 24 years
  • 1972 William Whitelaw appointed as the first Secretary of State for Northern Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 35th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Memphis 81-76; Bruins' 7th straight title; future Hall of Fame center Bill Walton tournament MOP for 2nd consecutive year

NBA Center and Television Sportscaster Bill Walton
NBA Center and Television Sportscaster
Bill Walton
  • 1973 TV Soap "The Young & the Restless" premieres on CBS
  • 1973 Susan Shaw is first woman in 171 years in London's Stock exchange

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1974 George Foreman TKOs Ken Norton in 2 for heavyweight boxing title in Caracas, Venezuela

Boxing Champ George Foreman
Boxing Champ
George Foreman
  • 1974 Romanian communist party names party leader Ceausescu president
  • 1975 "Tommy" premieres in London
  • 1975 Washington Capitals play record NHL 37th road game without a win & NHL record of 17 straight loses
  • 1975 The Biological Weapons Convention enters into force.
  • 1976 AL approves purchase of Toronto franchise by LaBatt Brewing for $7M
  • 1976 Wings release "Wings at the Speed of Sound" album

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 Queen Elizabeth II sent out the first royal email, from the Royal Signals and Radar Establishment

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1977 Elvis Costello releases his 1st record "Less Than Zero"
  • 1977 Focus on the Family is founded by Dr. James Dobson
  • 1977 AIAW Women's Basketball Tournament, Delta State beat Louisiana State University 68-55 in Minneapolis

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1979 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and Egyptian President Anwar Sadat sign the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty in Washington, D.C.

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 41st NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Michigan State beats Indiana State, 75-64; marks start of rivalry between future Hall of Famers Magic Johnson and Larry Bird; highest-rated game in history of televised college basketball

NBA Legend Magic Johnson
NBA Legend
Magic Johnson
NBA Legend Larry Bird
NBA Legend
Larry Bird
  • 1979 Michigan State Spartans snaps Indiana State's 33-game winning streak

  • 1979 Padres & Giants announce plans to play exhibition series in Tokyo but Giant players reject it
  • 1979 OPEC makes full 14.5% oil price increase for 1979 effective on April 1
  • 1980 Bombay gets its 1st rock concert in 10 years (The Police)
  • 1981 Police & Albanian demonstrators battle in Kosovo, Yugoslavia
  • 1981 Soyuz T-4 lands
  • 1982 Groundbreaking in Washington, D.C. for Vietnam Veterans Memorial

Music releaseMusic Single

1982 Paul McCartney and Stevie Wonder release the single "Ebony & Ivory" in the UK

Singer-Songwriter Stevie Wonder
Singer-Songwriter
Stevie Wonder
Musician and Beatle Paul McCartney
Musician and Beatle
Paul McCartney
  • 1982 Soap opera "Capitol" premieres
  • 1983 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 Pope John Paul II proclaims first ever World Youth Day

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1986 Geffen records signs Guns & Roses
  • 1987 August Wilson's "Fences" premieres in NYC
  • 1987 Hyderabad beat Delhi on 1st innings to win Ranji Trophy
  • 1987 NASA launches Fltsatcom-6, it fails to reach orbit
  • 1987 National Federation of State High School Associations adopt the college 3 point shot (21 feet)
  • 1988 Janet B Evans swims 1500m freestyle female world record (15:52.10)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1989 1st free elections in USSR; 190 million votes cast; Boris Yeltsin wins

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin

Film tv awardsAcademy Awards

1990 62nd Academy Awards: "Driving Miss Daisy", Daniel Day-Lewis, Jessica Tandy win

Film tv awardsAcademy Awards

1990 Japanese filmmaker Akira Kurosawa wins the Academy Award for Lifetime Achievement

Film Director and Screenwriter Akira Kurosawa
Film Director and Screenwriter
Akira Kurosawa
  • 1991 Fuel pipe explodes under 58th street & Lexington Ave, NYC
  • 1991 Marc Camoletti's "Don't Dress for Dinner" premieres in London
  • 1991 Orlando Thunder beats San Antonio Riders in their 1st WLAF game 35-34
  • 1991 Victoria beat NSW by 7 wickets to win Sheffield Shield Final

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Mike Tyson sentenced to 10 years in rape of Desiree Washington

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Mike Tyson
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Mike Tyson
  • 1992 NHL NY Rangers clinch 1st NHL regular season championship in 50 years

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1994 Bonnie Blair skates world record 500 m ladies (38.99 sec)

Speed Skater Bonnie Blair
Speed Skater
Bonnie Blair
  • 1994 Gunda Niemann skates world record 5 km ladies (7:03.26)
  • 1994 Gunda Niemann skates un-official world record 10 km ladies (14:22.60)
  • 1994 Yuka Sato of Japan wins world figure skating championship in Tokyo
  • 1995 "Defending the Caveman" opens at Helen Hayes Theater NYC for 671 performances

  • 1995 "Moliere Comedies" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 56 performances
  • 1995 15th Golden Raspberry Awards: "Color of Night" wins
  • 1995 Mashonaland beat Mashonaland U-24 by 165 runs to win Logan Cup
  • 1995 The Schengen Treaty goes into effect.

Sport awardPGA Players Championship

1995 PGA Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: Lee Janzen wins by a stroke ahead of runner-up Bernhard Langer of Germany

Golfer and Two-Time Masters Champion Bernhard Langer
Golfer and Two-Time Masters Champion
Bernhard Langer
  • 1995 Nabisco Dinah Shore Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: Nanci Bowen wins her only major title, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Susie Redman; her sole LPGA Tour victory
  • 1996 Last day of 1st-class cricket for Allan Border (Qld v Vic)
  • 1996 The International Monetary Fund approves a $10.2 billion loan for Russia
  • 1997 "Annie" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC
  • 1997 NHL announces Anaheim Mighty Ducks & Vancouver Canucks to open 1998 season in Japan
  • 1997 Thirty-nine bodies found in the Heaven's Gate cult suicides
  • 1998 Oued Bouaicha massacre in Algeria; 52 people killed with axes and knives, 32 of them babies under the age of 2.
  • 1999 The "Melissa worm" infects Microsoft word processing and e-mail systems around the world.
  • 1999 A jury in Michigan finds Dr. Jack Kevorkian guilty of second-degree murder for administering a lethal injection to a terminally ill man.

Film tv awardsAcademy Awards

2000 72nd Academy Awards: "American Beauty", Kevin Spacey & Hilary Swank win

  • 2000 Nabisco Championship Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: Karrie Webb of Australia wins the first of her 2 titles in this event, 10 strokes ahead of defending champion Dottie Pepper
  • 2001 Kazakhstan's Prime Minister opens an oil pipeline from the giant Tengiz Field to the Russian port of Novorossiysk on Monday, giving the Central Asian producer its first direct link to international markets
  • 2001 PGA Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: Tiger Woods wins the first of his 2 PC's, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Vijay Singh of Fiji
  • 2005 The Taiwanese government calls on 1 million Taiwanese to demonstrate in Taipei, in opposition to the Anti-Secession Law of the People's Republic of China. Around 200,000 to 300,000 attend the walk.