On This Day

Historical Events on March 27

  • 196 BC Ptolemy V ascends to the throne of Egypt.
  • 1003 Peace deal signed between Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor and the pagan Wends (Slavs)
  • 1309 Pope Clement V excommunicates Venice and all its population.
  • 1329 Pope John XXII issues his 'In Agro Dominico' condemning some writings of Meister Eckhart as heretical.
  • 1351 Battle of the Thirty: 30 English and 30 Breton knights and squires square off using swords, maces, lances and daggers - considered one of the most chivalrous battles in history

Historic Expedition

1513 Spaniard Juan Ponce de León and his expedition first sight Florida

  • 1599 English nobleman Robert Devereux becomes Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
  • 1613 The first English child born in Canada at Cuper's Cove, Newfoundland to Nicholas Guy

Historic Event

1625 Charles I, King of England, Scotland and Ireland ascends the English throne

  • 1642 The sixth Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Joseph takes office.

Historic Event

1668 English king Charles II gives Bombay to East India Company

  • 1708 Pretender to the English throne James III flees to Dunkirk
  • 1709 Dike at Hardinxveld breaks (Alblasserwaard flooded)
  • 1713 Spain loses Menorca and Gibraltar to Britain under the Treaty of Utrecht
  • 1721 France & Spain sign Treaty of Madrid

Election of Interest

1782 Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain

  • 1790 The modern shoelace with an aglet patented in England by Harvey Kennedy
  • 1794 The United States Government establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of six frigates.
  • 1794 Denmark and Sweden form a neutrality compact
  • 1808 Joseph Haydn's oratorio "Die Schopfung" premieres in Vienna

Victory in Battle

1814 Battle at Horseshoe Bend: General Andrew Jackson defeats the Red Sticks, part of the Creek Indian tribe near Dadeville, Alabama

  • 1836 1st Mormon temple dedicated (Kirtland, Ohio)
  • 1841 1st US steam fire engine tested, NYC
  • 1848 John Parker Paynard originates medicated adhesive plaster
  • 1849 Joseph Couch patents steam-powered percussion rock drill

Historic Invention

1855 Canadian geologist Abraham Gesner patents kerosene

  • 1860 M L Byrn patents "covered gimlet screw with a 'T' handle" (corkscrew)

Historic Event

1863 American Confederate President Jefferson Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting & prayer

  • 1865 Siege of Spanish Fort, AL-captured by Federals
  • 1866 Andrew Rankin patents the urinal

Historic Event

1866 US President Andrew Johnson vetoes civil rights bill; it later becomes 14th amendment

  • 1868 The Lake Ontario Shore Railroad Company is organized in Oswego, New York.
  • 1871 First international rugby union match - Scotland beats England, 1-0 at Raeburn Place, Edinburgh
  • 1873 35th Grand National: J. M. Richardson wins aboard 20/1 shot Disturbance by 6 lengths from Rhyshworth
  • 1879 Longest championship fight (136 rounds)
  • 1881 Rioting takes place in Basingstoke, Hampshire in England, to protest against the Salvation Army's daily vociferous promotion of rigid Temperance
  • 1884 1st long-distance telephone call, Boston-NY
  • 1885 47th Grand National: Jockey Ted Wilson wins his second consecutive GN aboard 10/3 favourite Roquefort
  • 1890 A tornado strikes Louisville, Kentucky, killing 76 and injuring 200.
  • 1896 58th Grand National: Former owner David Campbell wins aboard 40/1 outsider The Soarer
  • 1900 Recognising that the war in South Africa is going to take a major commitment, Parliament passes the War Loan Act, calling for £35 million to support the fight against the Boers.
  • 1903 65th Grand National: Percy Woodland aboard 13/2 chance Drumcree wins by 3 lengths from Detail
  • 1906 Founding of the Alpine Club of Canada in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • 1908 70th Grand National: Henry Bletsoe wins aboard American 66/1 outsider Rubio
  • 1910 Fire during a barn-dance in Ököritófülpös, Hungary, killed 312
  • 1912 1st Japanese cherry blossom trees planted in Washington, D.C.
  • 1914 1st successful non-direct blood transfusion is performed by Dr. Albert Hustin in Brussels
  • 1914 76th Grand National: Bill Smith aboard Sunloch wins by 8 lengths from Trianon III

Historic Event

1915 Typhoid Mary [Mary Mallon] is arrested and returned to quarantine on North Brother Island, New York after spending five years evading health authorities and causing several further outbreaks of typhoid

  • 1918 Moldova and Bessarabia join Romania
  • 1920 Hermann Muller becomes German chancellor (SPD)
  • 1924 Canada recognizes USSR
  • 1924 New French government of Poincaré begins
  • 1925 84th Grand National: Major John Wilson wins aboard 100/9 shot Double Chance; first year a tape, known then as a 'gate', used at the start line
  • 1928 KGB-AM in San Diego CA begins radio transmissions
  • 1928 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • 1928 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
  • 1929 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • 1929 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
  • 1930 1st US radio broadcast from a ship at sea

Film & TV History

1931 Charlie Chaplin receives France's distinguished Legion of Honor

  • 1931 John McGraw says night baseball will not catch on
  • 1931 90th Grand National: 9 year old Grakle, at odds of 100/6 and ridden by jockey Bob Lyall wins by 1.5 lengths from 1929 winner Gregalach
  • 1932 De Bataven soccer team forms in Gendt
  • 1933 Farm Credit Administration (US) authorized
  • 1933 Japan leaves League of Nations
  • 1933 Polythene discovered by Reginald Gibson & Eric William Fawcett
  • 1936 WOS-AM in Jefferson City Missouri goes off the air
  • 1936 95th Grand National: Fulke Walwyn scores back-to-back GN victories aboard Reynoldstown at 10/1
  • 1937 Feijenoord Stadion, home ground of Dutch football club Feyenoord Rotterdam and nicknamed De Kuip opens after 2 years in construction
  • 1938 The Battle of Taierzhuang takes place.
  • 1939 1st NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: U of Oregon beats Ohio State, 46-33; Ohio State forward Jimmy Hull is named tournament Most Outstanding Player

Election of Interest

1940 Peter Fraser becomes Prime Minister of New Zealand after the death of his predecessor Michael Joeseph Savage from cancer

  • 1941 Britain leases defense bases in Trinidad to US for 99 years

Historic Event

1941 Adolf Hitler signs Directive 27 (assault on Yugoslavia)

  • 1941 Yugoslavian coup gets rid of pro-German Prince Paul
  • 1942 -28] Allies raid German submarine base in St Nazaire
  • 1942 Japan forces Java to use "Tokyo time" 1½ hour forward

Boxing Title Fight

1942 Joe Louis KOs Abe Simon in 6 to retain heavyweight boxing title (NYC)

  • 1943 Assassination attempt on Van de Peat at Amsterdams census bureau

Radio Premiere

1943 Blue Ribbon Town (with Groucho Marx) 1st heard on CBS Radio

  • 1943 US begins assault on Fondouk Pass, Tunisia

Historic Event

1944 1,000 Jews leave Drancy, France, for Auschwitz concentration camp

  • 1944 2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania
  • 1944 40 Jewish policemen in Riga, Latvia, ghetto are shot by the Gestapo
  • 1944 Children's Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno
  • 1945 7th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Oklahoma State beats NYU, 49-44; Cowboys' center Bob Kurland is named tournament Most Outstanding Player

Historic Event

1945 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill sails to eastern banks of Rhine

  • 1945 DePaul beats Bowling Green for NIT title

Music Recording

1945 Ella Fitzgerald and Delta Rhythm Boys record the Harold Arlen-Yip Harburg-Billy Rose song "It's Only a Paper Moon"

Historic Event

1945 General Eisenhower declares German defenses on Western Front broken

  • 1945 US 20th Army corps captures Wiesbaden
  • 1945 World War II: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways begins.
  • 1948 The Second Congress of the Workers' Party of North Korea is convened

Music Concert

1948 Just 11 days after being released from prison, Billie Holiday plays in front of a sold-out crowd at Carnegie Hall

Music Concert

1950 Jazz pianist, Erroll Garner's solo concert (Cleveland, Ohio)

  • 1950 Netherlands recognizes People's Republic of China
  • 1950 WHAS TV channel 11 in Louisville, Kentucky (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1951 13th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Kansas, 68-58; Wildcats' 3rd title; 16-team field is introduced

Music Recording

1951 Frank Sinatra records "I'm a Fool to Want You"

Assassination Attempt

1952 Failed assassination attempt of West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer

  • 1952 Sun Records of Memphis begins releasing records

Film Premiere

1952 "Singin' in the Rain", musical comedy directed by Gene Kelly and Stanley Donen, starring Gene Kelly and Debbie Reynolds, premieres at Radio City Music Hall in NYC

  • 1953 21 die in a train crash in Conneaut, Ohio
  • 1955 9th Tony Awards: Desperate Hours & Pajama Game win

Television Debut

1955 Steve McQueen makes his network TV debut (Goodyear Playhouse, episode "The Chivington Raid")

  • 1955 WPRI TV channel 12 in Providence, Rhode Island (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 French commandos land in Algeria

Academy Awards

1957 29th Academy Awards: "Around World in 80 Days", Ingrid Bergman, Yul Brynner win

  • 1958 CBS Labs announce new stereophonic records
  • 1958 Havana Hilton opens in Cuba, later HQ for Fidel Castro

Historic Event

1958 Nikita Khrushchev becomes Soviet Premier as well as First Secretary of the Communist Party

  • 1961 Black demonstrators in Charleston staged ride-ins on street cars
  • 1961 Failed assassination attempt on King Saif al-Islam Achmad of Yemen
  • 1962 Ann Jellicoe's play "Knack" premieres in London
  • 1962 Archbishop Rummel ends race segregation in New Orleans Catholic schools

NHL Record

1962 NHL Montreal Canadiens goaltender Jacques Plante ties record winning 6th NHL Vezina trophy

  • 1963 Beeching axe: Dr. Richard Beeching issues a report calling for huge cuts to the United Kingdom's rail network.
  • 1964 1st true Pirate Radio station, Radio Caroline (England)
  • 1964 The Great Alaska Earthquake (9.2 magnitude) and resulting tsunami kill 139 people in the largest US earthquake and second largest ever recorded
  • 1964 Great Train Robbers sentenced to a total of 307 years behind bars
  • 1964 UN troops arrive in Cyprus
  • 1965 119th Grand National: Tommy Smith becomes first American jockey to win GN aboard US trained and owned horse, Jay Trump at 100/6
  • 1968 Japanese Trade & Cultural Center (Japan Center) dedicated in San Francisco

Historic Event

1968 Suharto officially succeeds Sukarno as president of Indonesia

  • 1969 Black Academy of Arts & Letters forms in Boston
  • 1969 Launch of Mariner 7, flies 2,190-mi above southern Mars

Album Release

1970 Ringo Starr releases his 1st solo album "Sentimental Journey", a collection of pre-rock standards

  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1971 33rd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Villanova, 68-62; UCLA's 5th consecutive title; Villanova later disqualified, ineligible player Howard Porter
  • 1971 The Alliance Party of Northern Ireland (APNI) holds its first Annual Conference in the Ulster Hall in Belfast
  • 1971 Wales clinches its 17th Five Nations Rugby Championship, 6th Grand Slam and 12th Triple Crown with a 9-5 win over France at Stade Colombes, Paris
  • 1972 Adolph Rupp retires after 42 years of coaching University of Kentucky
  • 1972 Venera 8 launches to explore Venus
  • 1972 Wyoming officially names "Curt Gowdy State Park", in honor of the nationally recognized broadcaster
  • 1972 Ulster Vanguard organise industrial strike against the imposition of direct rule on Northern Ireland by Westminster
  • 1973 Dennis Amiss out for 99 v Pakistan, 3rd 99 in Test Cricket

Music History

1973 Jerry Garcia (Grateful Dead) stopped for speeding and LSD possession

Academy Awards

1973 45th Academy Awards: "The Godfather", Marlon Brando & Liza Minnelli win. Marlon Brando then turns down the Oscar for best actor to protest Hollywood’s portrayal of Native Americans in film.

  • 1976 Washington, D.C. underground Metro opens

Tenerife Airport Disaster

1977 583 die in aviation's worst ever disaster when two Boeing 747s collide at Tenerife airport in Spain

Sports History

1977 American tennis star Chris Evert wins her 4th and final WTA Tour Championship 2–6, 6–1, 6–1 against England's Sue Barker at Madison Square Garden, NYC

  • 1978 40th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Duke, 94-88; Wildcats 5th title; forward Jack Givens scores 41 points
  • 1978 Bob Fosse's "Dancin'" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 1,774 performances
  • 1978 The Rutles mockumentary "All You Need is Cash" is shown on British TV
  • 1979 US Supreme Court rules 8-1 that cops can't randomly stop cars
  • 1980 "Happy New Year" opens at Morosco Theater NYC for 17 performances
  • 1980 "Reggae" opens at Biltmore Theater NYC for 21 performances
  • 1980 Elevator in Vaal Reefs gold mine, South Africa plunges more than 1900m killing all 23 miners aboard

Mount St. Helens Erupts

1980 Mount St Helens becomes active after 123 years

  • 1980 Norwegian oil platform Alexander Kielland collapses in the North Sea, killing 123 of its crew of 212

Music Single

1981 John Lennon single "Watching the Wheels" released posthumously in UK

Album Release

1981 "Blizzard of Ozz", the debut solo album by English rock musician Ozzy Osbourne, is released in the United States

  • 1982 "Best Little Whorehouse..." closes at 46th St NYC after 1577 performances
  • 1982 Imran takes 14-116 for cricket match v Sri Lanka at Lahore
  • 1982 Randy Holt sets Wash Cap record of 34 penalty minutes

Boxing Title Fight

1983 Larry Holmes beats Lucien Rodriguez in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

Film & TV History

1983 Neil Simon's "Brighton Beach Memoirs" premieres in NYC

Music Premiere

1984 Premiere of Andrew Lloyd Webber and Richard Stilgoe's rock musical "Starlight Express"

  • 1984 Beginning of "tanker war": over the next 9 months, 44 ships, including Iranian, Iraqi, Saudi Arabian and Kuwaiti tankers, are attacked by Iraqi or Iranian warplanes or damaged by mines

Film & TV History

1985 Billy Dee Williams receives a star on Hollywood Walk of Fame

  • 1986 Disney-MGM Studio Tour groundbreaking

Victory in Battle

1987 Chadian President Hissène Habré's troops reconquer Faya Largeau in Chad

  • 1988 Ice Dance Championship at Budapest won by Bestemianova & Bukin (URS)
  • 1988 Ice Pairs Championship at Budapest won by E Valova & O Vasiliev (URS)
  • 1988 Ladies' Figure Skating Championship in Budapest won by Katarina Witt (GDR)

Sports History

1988 Men's Figure Skating Champions in Budapest won by Brian Boitano (USA)

  • 1988 Ok-Hee Ku wins Standard Register Turquoise Classic Golf Tournament
  • 1988 WrestleMania IV, Historic Atlantic City Convention Hall, NJ: Randy "Macho Man" Savage beats Ted DiBiase for WWF Heavyweight title
  • 1988 PGA Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: Local resident Mark McCumber wins with record total 273 (−15), 4 strokes ahead of runner-up Mike Reid
  • 1989 1st African American soap opera, "Generations" premieres on NBC-TV
  • 1989 Delhi beat Bengal by innings & 210 to win Cricket's Ranji Trophy
  • 1990 Bus accidentally touches high voltage wire in Karagpur India; 21 die
  • 1990 NSW beat Queensland by 345 runs to win Sheffield Shield Final
  • 1990 The United States begins broadcasting TV Martí to Cuba in an effort to bridge the information blackout imposed by the Castro regime.
  • 1991 NCAA bans U of Minn football team from postseason play in 1992
  • 1991 New Kid Donnie Wahlberg, arrested on arson charges in Kentucky

Hall of Fame

1991 Scotty Bowman inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame as a "builder" of the game

Album Release

1992 Columbia Records releases Bruce Springsteen's 9th and 10th studio albums - "Human Touch" and "Lucky Town" - on the same day; musicians other than the E-Street Band are used

Appointment of Interest

1993 Jiang Zemin appointed President of the People's Republic of China

  • 1994 Church in Piedmont Alabama collapses in tornado, 19 killed
  • 1994 Ice Dance Championship at Chiba Japan won by Gritschuk & Platov (RUS)
  • 1994 Ice Pairs Championship at Chiba won by Shishkova/Vadim Naumov (RUS)
  • 1994 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Chiba won by Yuka Sato (JPN)
  • 1994 World Men's Figure Skating Championship in Chiba won by Elvis Stojko of Canada
  • 1994 The Eurofighter takes its first flight in Manching, Germany

PGA Players Championship

1994 PGA Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: Australian Greg Norman sets scoring record of 264 (−24) to finish 4 strokes ahead of runner-up Fuzzy Zoeller

Golf Major

1994 Nabisco Dinah Shore Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: Donna Andrews wins her only major title by 1 over British runner-up Laura Davies; Andrews birdies final hole while Davies makes bogey.

Music Single

1995 "Back for Good" single released by British boy band Take That, reaches No. 1 in 31 countries

  • 1996 Stage adaptation of Rodgers & Hammerstein's musical "State Fair" opens at Music Box Theater, New York City; runs for 118 performances
  • 1997 "Young Man From Atlanta" opens at Longacre NYC for 85 performances

Meeting of Interest

1997 Martin Luther King's son meets James Earl Ray, his father's killer

  • 1998 Chicago Bulls - Atlanta Hawks matchup at Georgia Dome in Atlanta, draws a crowd of 62,046, largest in any game in NBA history; Bulls win, 89-74
  • 2000 Phillips explosion kills 1 and injures 71 in Pasadena, Texas.
  • 2000 PGA Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: 1983 champion Hal Sutton leads wire-to-wire to win by a stroke ahead of runner-up Tiger Woods
  • 2002 Passover Massacre: A suicide bomber kills 29 people in Netanya, Israel.
  • 2004 HMS Scylla, a decommissioned Leander class frigate, is sunk as an artificial reef off Cornwall, the first of its kind in Europe.
  • 2004 France beats England, 24-21 at Stade de France, Saint Denis to complete a Grand Slam and win the Six Nations Rugby Championship; England earns the Triple Crown
  • 2005 Kraft Nabisco Championship Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: Annika Sörenstam of Sweden wins event for the 3rd time, 8 strokes ahead of American Rosie Jones