On This Day

Historical Events on March 30

  • 240 BC 1st recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 804 Ludger becomes 1st Bishop of Münster in the Holy Roman Empire
  • 988 Boudouin IV with the Beard becomes earl of Flanders
  • 1282 The people of Sicily rebel against the Angevin king Charles I, in what becomes known as the Sicilian Vespers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1296 Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between Scotland and England

King of England Edward I
King of England
Edward I
  • 1422 Ketsugan, Zen teacher, performs exorcisms to free aizoji temple
  • 1456 Prince Louis of Bourbon elected Bishop of Liege
  • 1474 Duke Sigismund of Tirol ends contacts with Switzerland
  • 1533 Thomas Cranmer becomes Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1603 Battle at Mellifont: English army under Lord Mountjoy beats Irish

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1778 Playwright Voltaire crowned with laurel wreath

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
Voltaire

InventionScientific Discovery

1796 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, discovers the construction of the heptadecagon

Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss
Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist
Carl Friedrich Gauss

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1814 Napoleonic Wars: Sixth Coalition forces march into Paris after defeating Napoleon

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1814 Murat issues the Rimini Declaration which would later inspire Italian Unification
  • 1822 Congress combines East & West Florida into Florida Territory
  • 1842 Ether used as an anaesthetic for 1st time by Dr Crawford Long (Georgia)

Treaty of InterestTreaty of Paris

1856 Russia signs the Treaty of Paris, ending the Crimean War
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The Congress of Paris between the Russian Empire, France, United Kingdom, Ottoman Empire and Kingdom of Sardinia
The Congress of Paris between the Russian Empire, France, United Kingdom, Ottoman Empire and Kingdom of Sardinia
  • 1858 Pencil with attached eraser patented (Hyman L Lipman of Philadelphia)
  • 1863 Danish prince Wilhelm Georg of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg chosen as king George of Greece
  • 1864 Skirmish at Mount Elba, Arkansas
  • 1865 -4] Battle at 5 Forks, Virginia
  • 1866 Bedrich Smetana's "Verkaufte Braut" (Sold Bride) premieres

Treaty of InterestAlaska Purchase

1867 Alaska Purchase: US buys Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000 ($109 million in 2018), roughly 2 cents an acre
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The check used by the United States to purchase Alaska at less than 2 cents an acre
The check used by the United States to purchase Alaska at less than 2 cents an acre
  • 1870 15th Amendment to the US constitution is adopted, guarantees right to vote regardless of race
  • 1870 Texas becomes last confederate state readmitted to Union
  • 1870 Florida territorial government established
  • 1883 45th Grand National: Austrian breeder, owner Count Karel Kinsky rides Zoedone to 10 length win; only 10 starters, the smallest GN field in history; first winning jockey from outside Britain and Ireland
  • 1885 The Battle for Kushka triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire.
  • 1893 Thomas F Bayard becomes 1st US ambassador in Great Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894 George Bernard Shaw's "Candida" premieres at Theatre Royal, South Shields, England

  • 1894 56th Grand National: Jockey Arthur Nightingall wins his second GN aboard 5/1 joint favourite Why Not
  • 1895 British inventor Birt Acres films Oxford and Cambridge boat race
  • 1900 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Compulsory education law
  • 1900 62nd Grand National: Algy Anthony wins aboard Ambush II; owner is Prince Of Wales (King Edward VII)
  • 1906 68th Grand National: Aubrey Hastings wins aboard 20/1 shot Ascetic's Silver
  • 1909 New York's Queensboro Bridge opens, linking Manhattan & Queens

  • 1910 Mississippi Legislature founded The University of Southern Mississippi
  • 1911 Lötschberg tunnel in Switzerland (13,735 m) completed
  • 1912 French protectorate in Morocco established
  • 1916 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Arena, Westmount, Quebec:: Montreal Canadiens (NHA) beat Portland Rosebuds (PCHA), 2-1 for a 3-2 series victory
  • 1918 Stanley Cup, Mutual Street Arena, Toronto, ON: Toronto Arenas (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 2-1 for a 3-2 series victory; first series contested by the new NHL
  • 1919 Belgian Army occupies Düsseldorf

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1919 Paul Claudel's "Tête d'Or" premieres in Paris
  • 1922 KGY-AM in Olympia WA begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 WWL-AM in New Orleans LA begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Zeta Phi Beta Sorority formed at Howard U in 1920 incorporates
  • 1925 Stanley Cup Final, Patrick Arena, Victoria, BC: Victoria Cougars (WCHL) beat Montreal Canadiens (NHL), 6-1 for a 3-1 series win; last non-NHL team to win trophy
  • 1928 87th Grand National: Mr. William Dutton aboard 100/1 long-shot Tipperary Tim wins as all of the 41 other starters fall during the race
  • 1930 Babberich-H soccer team forms
  • 1935 Newfoundland changes time to 3½ hrs W of Greenwich, repeats 44 sec
  • 1939 The Heinkel He 100 fighter sets the world airspeed record of 463 mph.
  • 1939 First flight of the Australian C.A.C. CA-16 Wirraway military aircraft
  • 1940 2nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Indiana beats Kansas, 60-42; Hoosiers' forward Marvin Huffman is named tournament Most Outstanding Player
  • 1941 German counter offensive in North Africa
  • 1942 1st RSHA-transport from France arrives in camp Birkenau
  • 1942 SS murders 200 inmates of Trawniki concentration camp
  • 1943 5th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Wyoming beats Georgetown, 46-34; Cowboys' point guard Ken Sailors is named tournament Most Outstanding Player
  • 1943 British 1st army recaptures Sejenane
  • 1944 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg
  • 1945 289 anti-fascists murdered by nazis in Rombergpark Dortmund
  • 1945 USSR invades Austria
  • 1945 World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to Americans
  • 1946 "St Louis Woman" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 113 performances
  • 1946 Australia beats NZ in cricket at 3 30pm on 2nd day
  • 1946 Last Test Cricket appearance of Bill O'Reilly (5-14 & 3-19)

Film tv awardsGolden Globes

1946 3rd Golden Globes: "The Lost Weekend", Ray Milland, & Ingrid Bergman win

  • 1947 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Babe Didrikson Zaharias wins her first of 3 Titleholders titles by 5 strokes ahead of Dorothy Kirby
  • 1949 Riot breaks out in Austurvöllur square in Reykjavík, when Iceland joins NATO
  • 1950 Phototransistor invention announced, Murray Hill, New Jersey
  • 1952 6th Tony Awards: "The Fourposter" and "The King & I" win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Albert Einstein announces revised unified field theory

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1954 Test Cricket debut of Garry Sobers v England at Kingston

Film tv awardsAcademy Awards

1955 27th Academy Awards: "On the Waterfront", Marlon Brando & Grace Kelly win

  • 1956 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1957 1st performance of Walter Piston's 4th Symphony
  • 1957 111th Grand National: Fred Winter aboard 20/1 bet Sundew wins by 8 lengths from Wyndburgh
  • 1959 WNED TV channel 17 in Buffalo, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Dalai Lama flees China and is granted political asylum in India

14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso
14th Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso
  • 1961 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 169,600' (51,690 m)
  • 1961 The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is signed at New York
  • 1963 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
  • 1963 117th Grand National: 19-year old jockey Pat Buckley aboard 66/1 outsider Ayala wins by 3/4 of a length from Carrickbeg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Astronaut John Glenn withdraws from Ohio senate race

Astronaut and Politician John Glenn
Astronaut and Politician
John Glenn
  • 1965 Vietnam War: A car bomb explodes in front of the U.S. Embassy in Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 Barbra Streisand stars on "Color Me Barbra" special on CBS

Singer-Songwriter and Actress Barbra Streisand
Singer-Songwriter and Actress
Barbra Streisand
  • 1967 Cover picture of Beatles' "Sgt Pepper's" is photographed
  • 1968 General Ludvik Svoboda elected president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1968 122nd Grand National: 20-year old Brian Fletcher aboard 100/7 chance Red Alligator rides the first of 3 GN victories
  • 1969 Loyalists bomb water and electricity installations in Northern Ireland in the hope that the attacks would be blamed on the IRA and on elements of the civil rights movement, which was demanding an end to discrimination against Catholics
  • 1970 "Applause" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 900 performances

Music releaseAlbum Release

1970 Miles Davis's influential double album "Bitches Brew" released

Jazz Musician Miles Davis
Jazz Musician
Miles Davis
  • 1970 Soap opera "Somerset" premieres
  • 1970 Strouse, Adams, Comden & Green's musical "Applause" premieres in NYC
  • 1970 USSR wins its 8th straight world hockey championship
  • 1972 "Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum" opens at Lunt-Fontanne NYC for 156 performances
  • 1972 North Vietnam launches a major conventional offensive against South Vietnam
  • 1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1972 Northern Ireland's Government and Parliament dissolved by the British Government and 'direct rule' from Westminster is introduced
  • 1973 Ellsworth Bunker resigns as US ambassador to South Vietnam
  • 1974 128th Grand National: Brian Fletcher aboard Red Rum wins for the 2nd consecutive year; horse goes on to win 1977 race for 3 GN victories; Fletcher's record 3rd GN win
  • 1975 Ron Lalonde scores the 1st hat trick by a Washington Capital
  • 1976 Israel kills 6 Palestinians protesting land confiscation
  • 1978 "History of the American Film" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 21 performances

UKPalace of Westminster

1979 Airey Neave, a British politician, is killed by a car bomb as he exits the Palace of Westminster. The Irish National Liberation Army claims responsibility.
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The Palace of Westminster, London
The Palace of Westminster, London
  • 1980 Mark Medoff's "Children of a Lesser God" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 43rd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Indiana beats North Carolina, 63-50; Hoosiers' future Hall of Fame point guard Isiah Thomas is named Tournament Most Outstanding Player

NBA Point Guard and Coach Isiah Thomas
NBA Point Guard and Coach
Isiah Thomas

Assassination AttemptRonald Reagan is Shot

1981 US President Ronald Reagan is shot and wounded in an assassination attempt by John Hinckley, three others are also wounded
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The scene moments after John Hinckley, Jr. attempted to assassinate President Reagan on March 30, 1981
The scene moments after John Hinckley, Jr. attempted to assassinate President Reagan on March 30, 1981
  • 1981 "Chariots of Fire" directed by Hugh Hudson and starring Ben Cross and Ian Charleson premieres at a Royal Command Film Performance (Best Picture 1982)
  • 1982 3rd space shuttle mission-Columbia 3 lands at White Sands, NM
  • 1982 John Pielmeier's "Agnes of God" premieres in NYC
  • 1983 Ray Cooney's "Run for your Wives" premieres in London
  • 1983 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1983 New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) begins trading in crude oil future
  • 1984 US ends participation in multinational Lebanon peace force
  • 1984 World's most valuable tip - New York police detective Robert Cunningham offers waitress Phyllis Penzo half of $1 lottery ticket, next day they win $6 million
  • 1985 139th Grand National: Welsh jockey Hywel Davies aboard 11-year old 50/1 outsider Last Suspect wins by 1½ lengths from Mr. Snugfit
  • 1985 Ireland beats England, 13-10 at Lansdowne Road, Dublin to clinch it's 10th outright Five Nations Rugby Championship and 6th triple Crown
  • 1986 "Tango Argentino" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 198 performances
  • 1986 5th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Texas beats USC, 97-81; Longhorns' Clarissa Davis MOP award; complete first undefeated season (34-0)
  • 1986 PGA Tournament Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: John Mahaffey wins by 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Larry Mize

Film tv awardsAcademy Awards

1987 59th Academy Awards: "Platoon", Paul Newman & Marlee Matlin win

Actor & Entrepreneur Paul Newman
Actor & Entrepreneur
Paul Newman
Deaf Actress Marlee Matlin
Deaf Actress
Marlee Matlin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 Vincent van Gogh's "Sunflowers" sells for a record 22.5 million pounds ($39.7 million)

Music awardsMusic Awards

1988 2nd Soul Train Music Awards: Michael Jackson, Whitney Houston win

King of Pop Michael Jackson
King of Pop
Michael Jackson
Singer Whitney Houston
Singer
Whitney Houston
  • 1988 Tamil Nadu beat Railways by inns & 144 to win Ranji Trophy

Sport awardGolf Tournament

1990 Jack Nicklaus makes his debut on the Senior PGA Tour with a 71 (-1) in the first round of The Tradition at Desert Mountain; wins the event by 4 strokes from Gary Player

  • 1991 "Speed of Darkness" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 36 performances
  • 1991 1st exhibition baseball games at Joe Robbie Stadium (Yanks-Orioles)
  • 1991 Last issue of Dutch Newspaper "Vr˜e Folk" (Free People)
  • 1991 Northern Michigan wins its 1st NCAA hockey title
  • 1991 PBA National Championship Won by Mike Miller
  • 1991 William Kennedy Smith allegedly rapes a woman (found not guilty)

Film tv awardsAcademy Awards

1992 64th Academy Awards: "The Silence of the Lambs", Anthony Hopkins & Jodie Foster win

  • 1992 CBS TV premieres overnight news program "Up To The Minute"
  • 1992 Man accidentally backs in A's Jose Canseco's $225,000 Lamborghini
  • 1992 P J Patterson, resigns as 6th Prime Minister of Jamaica
  • 1992 WNSR-FM (105.1) changes callsign to WMXV-FM (NYC)
  • 1993 "Redwood Curtain" opens at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC for 40 performances
  • 1993 French government of Balladur forms
  • 1993 Jamaican premier Percival Patterson wins parliamentary election
  • 1993 Lanford Wilson's "Redwood Curtain" premieres in NYC
  • 1993 New South Wales beat Qld by eight wkts to win Sheffield Shield
  • 1993 Punjab beat Maharashtra by 120 runs to win Cricket's Ranji Trophy
  • 1994 ABC Masters Tournament won by Hobo Boothe
  • 1994 Bombay beat Bengal by 8 wickets to win Cricket's Ranji Trophy
  • 1994 England Cricket all out for 46 at Port-of-Spain
  • 1995 "Arcadia" opens at Vivian Beaumont Theater NYC for 204 performances
  • 1996 Lara hits 146 cricket not out in ODI vs NZ at Port-Of-Spain
  • 1996 NY Mets beats NY Yankees 5-3 in an exhibition game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996 Prince Edward & girl-friend Sophie visited Graystoke Castle

Earl of Wessex Prince Edward
Earl of Wessex
Prince Edward
  • 1996 149th Grand National: 7/1 favourite Rough Quest, ridden by Irish jockey Mick Fitzgerald wins by 1¼ lengths from Encore Un Peu

  • 1997 16th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Tennessee beats Old Dominion, 68-59; Volunteers 5th national title
  • 1997 Five (channel) Begins broadcasting in the UK

Sport awardPGA Players Championship

1997 PGA Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: Steve Elkington of Australia leads wire-to-wire to win his 2nd PC title, a record 7 strokes ahead of runner-up Scott Hoch.

Golfer and PGA Champion Steve Elkington
Golfer and PGA Champion
Steve Elkington

Sport awardGolf Major

1997 Nabisco Dinah Shore Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: 41-year old Betsy King wins her 3rd title in this event, 2 strokes ahead of Kris Tschetter and Amy Fruhwirth; last of her 6 major titles

LPGA Golfer Betsy King
LPGA Golfer
Betsy King
  • 1998 60th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Utah, 78-69; Wildcats' 2nd title in 3 seasons and 7th overall

KnightedKnighthood

2000 Richard Branson is knighted by Charles, Prince of Wales for "services to entrepreneurship" at Buckingham Palace, London

Business Magnate Richard Branson
Business Magnate
Richard Branson
Prince of Wales Prince Charles
Prince of Wales
Prince Charles

Sports record brokenWorld Record

2001 At 15 years, 9 months American swimmer Michael Phelps breaks 200m butterfly world record at the US World Championship trials at Austin, Texas; becomes youngest male to set a world mark

  • 2003 In a final match decider, England beats Ireland 42-6 in Dublin to complete a Grand Slam and win the Six Nations Rugby Championship; Jonny Wilkinson kicks 3 conversions, a penalty and 2 dropped goals for England
  • 2003 PGA Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: Davis Love III shoots a final round 64 to win his 2nd Players title, 6 strokes ahead of runners-up Jay Haas and Pádraig Harrington
  • 2003 Kraft Nabisco Championship Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: Patricia Meunier-Lebouc of France wins her only major title, 1 stroke ahead of the 2-time defending champion Annika Sörenstam of Sweden
  • 2003 WrestleMania XIX, Safeco Field, Seattle, WA (54,097): Brock Lesnar wins WWE Heavyweight Championship against Kurt Angle
  • 2006 Marcos Pontes is the first Brazilian astronaut in space
  • 2006 UK Terrorism Act 2006 becomes law.

Sport defeatWrestleMania

2008 WrestleMania XXIV, Florida Citrus Bowl, Orlando, FL: Kane defeats Chavo Guerrero; Randy Orton beats Triple H and John Cena in a title Triple Threat match; The Undertaker downs Edge

Professional Wrestler and Actor John Cena
Professional Wrestler and Actor
John Cena
  • 2011 Global credit information group Experian report that economic recovery in Wales slower than the rest of the UK, forecasting growth of 1.6% vs 2.2% for the rest of the UK
  • 2012 Spanish Government cuts 27 billion Euros from its budget in a tough austerity measure
  • 2012 Mastercard and Visa announce a massive breach in security with over ten million compromised credit card numbers
  • 2012 American Mega Millions lottery hits a world record lottery amount of 640 million dollars
  • 2013 North Korea declares it is at a state of war with South Korea
  • 2013 Uhuru Kenyatta is declared the rightful winner of the Kenyan presidential election by the Supreme Court
  • 2017 North Carolina repeals its controversial bathroom law that restricted transgender use
  • 2017 Venezuela Supreme Court takes over legislative powers of the National Assembly, opposition calls it a coup
  • 2017 Ex-South Korean president Park Geun-hye arrested in corruption investigation
  • 2018 Palestinians begin a "Great March of Return", 6 weeks of protests on the Gaza Strip demanding Palestinian refugees be allowed to return to Israel. 19 Palestinians killed, 1,416 injured on the first day.

Music releaseAlbum Release

2018 Country singer songwriter Kacey Musgraves releases her fourth album "Golden Hour" (Grammy Album of the Year 2019)

Singer Songwriter Kacey Musgraves
Singer Songwriter
Kacey Musgraves
  • 2019 Zuzana Caputova elected President of Slovakia, the country's first female head of state

BeatificationPapal Visit

2019 Pope Francis arrives in Rabat, Morocco, on his first-ever visit to the Magreb region of Northern Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2019 Swedish gamer and YouTuber PewDiePie overtaken by Indian channel T-Series as YouTube channel with most subscribers (both on 92 million)

YouTube Star PewDiePie
YouTube Star
PewDiePie