Historical Events on March 30

  • 240 BC 1st recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 804 Ludger becomes 1st Bishop of Münster in the Holy Roman Empire
  • 988 Boudouin IV with the Beard becomes earl of Flanders

When The Bells Rang Out For Freedom

1282 The people of Sicily rebel against the Angevin king Charles I, in what becomes known as the Sicilian Vespers

Historic Event

1296 Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between Scotland and England

  • 1422 Ketsugan, Zen teacher, performs exorcisms to free aizoji temple
  • 1456 Prince Louis of Bourbon elected Bishop of Liege
  • 1474 Duke Sigismund of Tirol ends contacts with Switzerland
  • 1533 Thomas Cranmer becomes Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1603 Battle at Mellifont: English army under Lord Mountjoy beats Irish

Historic Event

1778 Playwright Voltaire crowned with laurel wreath

Scientific Discovery

1796 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, discovers the construction of the heptadecagon

  • 1814 Joachim Murat issues the Rimini Declaration which would later inspire Italian Unification

Historic Event

1814 Napoleonic Wars: Sixth Coalition forces march into Paris after defeating Napoleon

  • 1822 Congress combines East & West Florida into Florida Territory
  • 1842 Ether used as an anaesthetic for 1st time by Dr Crawford Long (Georgia)

The 1856 Treaty of Paris

1856 The Russian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, Great Britain, France and the Kingdom of Sardinia sign the Treaty of Paris ending the Crimean War

  • 1858 Pencil with attached eraser patented (Hyman L Lipman of Philadelphia)
  • 1863 Danish prince Wilhelm Georg of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg chosen as king George of Greece
  • 1864 Skirmish at Mount Elba, Arkansas
  • 1865 -4] Battle at 5 Forks, Virginia
  • 1866 Bedřich Smetana's comic opera"Verkaufte Braut" (The Bartered Bride) premieres at Prague Provisional Theatre

Alaska Purchase

1867 Alaska Purchase: US buys Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000 ($109 million in 2018), roughly 2 cents an acre

  • 1870 15th Amendment to the US constitution is adopted, guarantees right to vote regardless of race
  • 1870 Florida territorial government established
  • 1870 Texas becomes last confederate state readmitted to Union
  • 1883 45th Grand National: Austrian breeder, owner Count Karel Kinsky rides Zoedone to 10 length win; only 10 starters, the smallest GN field in history; first winning jockey from outside Britain and Ireland
  • 1885 The Battle for Kushka triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire
  • 1893 Thomas F. Bayard becomes 1st US ambassador in Great Britain
  • 1894 56th Grand National: Jockey Arthur Nightingall wins his second GN aboard 5/1 joint favourite Why Not

Theater Premiere

1894 George Bernard Shaw's comedy play "Candida" premieres at Theatre Royal, South Shields, England

  • 1895 British inventor Birt Acres films Oxford and Cambridge boat race

Sports History

1900 62nd Grand National: Algy Anthony wins aboard Ambush II; owner is Prince Of Wales (King Edward VII)

  • 1900 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Compulsory education law
  • 1906 68th Grand National: Aubrey Hastings wins aboard 20/1 shot Ascetic's Silver
  • 1909 New York's Queensboro Bridge opens, linking Manhattan & Queens
  • 1910 Mississippi Legislature founded The University of Southern Mississippi
  • 1911 Lötschberg tunnel in Switzerland (13,735 m) completed
  • 1912 French protectorate in Morocco established
  • 1916 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Arena, Westmount, Quebec: Montreal Canadiens (NHA) beat Portland Rosebuds (PCHA), 2-1 for a 3-2 series victory
  • 1918 Stanley Cup, Mutual Street Arena, Toronto, ON: Toronto Arenas (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 2-1 for a 3-2 series victory; first series contested by the new NHL
  • 1919 Belgian Army occupies Düsseldorf

Historic Event

1919 Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act

  • 1919 Paul Claudel's "Tête d'Or" premieres in Paris
  • 1922 KGY-AM in Olympia WA begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 WWL-AM in New Orleans LA begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Zeta Phi Beta Sorority formed at Howard U in 1920 incorporates
  • 1925 Stanley Cup Final, Patrick Arena, Victoria, BC: Victoria Cougars (WCHL) beat Montreal Canadiens (NHL), 6-1 for a 3-1 series win; last non-NHL team to win trophy
  • 1928 87th Grand National: Mr. William Dutton aboard 100/1 long-shot Tipperary Tim wins as all of the 41 other starters fall during the race
  • 1930 Babberich-H soccer team forms
  • 1935 Newfoundland changes time to 3½ hrs W of Greenwich, repeats 44 sec
  • 1939 First flight of the Australian C.A.C. CA-16 Wirraway military aircraft
  • 1939 Heinkel He 100 fighter sets a world airspeed record of 463 mph
  • 1940 2nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Indiana beats Kansas, 60-42; Hoosiers' forward Marvin Huffman is named tournament Most Outstanding Player
  • 1941 German counter offensive in North Africa
  • 1942 1st RSHA-transport from France arrives in camp Birkenau
  • 1942 SS murders 200 inmates of Trawniki concentration camp
  • 1943 5th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Wyoming beats Georgetown, 46-34; Cowboys' point guard Ken Sailors is named tournament Most Outstanding Player
  • 1943 British 1st army recaptures Sejenane
  • 1944 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg
  • 1945 289 anti-fascists murdered by Nazis in Rombergpark Dortmund
  • 1945 USSR invades Austria
  • 1945 World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to Americans

Golden Globes

1946 3rd Golden Globes: "The Lost Weekend" and its star Ray Milland, & Ingrid Bergman win

  • 1946 Australia beats NZ in cricket at 3 30pm on 2nd day

Music Premiere

1946 Harold Arlen and Johnny Mercer's musical "St Louis Woman", starring Pearl Bailey and featuring the Nicholas Brothers, opens at Martin Beck Theater, NYC; runs for 113 performances

  • 1946 Last Test Cricket appearance of Bill O'Reilly (5-14 & 3-19)

Golf Tournament

1947 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Babe Didrikson Zaharias wins her first of 3 Titleholders titles by 5 strokes ahead of Dorothy Kirby

  • 1949 Riot breaks out in Austurvöllur square in Reykjavík, when Iceland joins NATO
  • 1950 Bell Telephone Laboratories announces invention of the phototransistor in Murray Hill, New Jersey

Music Premiere

1951 1st performance of Walter Piston's 4th Symphony commissioned to mark the University of Minnesota's centennial, debuts by the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra, Antal Doráti conducting

  • 1952 6th Tony Awards: "The Fourposter" and "The King & I" win

Historic Event

1953 Albert Einstein announces revised unified field theory

  • 1954 Test Cricket debut of Garry Sobers v England at Kingston
  • 1956 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1957 111th Grand National: Fred Winter aboard 20/1 bet Sundew wins by 8 lengths from Wyndburgh

Historic Event

1959 Dalai Lama flees China and is granted political asylum in India

  • 1959 WNED TV channel 17 in Buffalo, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting

Historic Event

1961 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A. Walker takes X-15 169,600' (51,690 m)

  • 1961 The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is signed at New York
  • 1963 117th Grand National: 19-year old jockey Pat Buckley aboard 66/1 outsider Ayala wins by 3/4 of a length from Carrickbeg
  • 1963 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria

Historic Event

1964 Astronaut John Glenn withdraws from Ohio senate race

  • 1965 Vietnam War: A car bomb explodes in front of the U.S. Embassy in Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others

Television Premiere

1966 "Color Me Barbra", Barbra Streisand's second TV special and the first in color, premieres on CBS

  • 1968 122nd Grand National: 20-year old Brian Fletcher aboard 100/7 chance Red Alligator rides the first of 3 GN victories
  • 1968 General Ludvik Svoboda elected president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1969 Loyalists bomb water and electricity installations in Northern Ireland in the hope that the attacks would be blamed on the IRA and on elements of the civil rights movement, which was demanding an end to discrimination against Catholics

Album Release

1970 Miles Davis's influential double album "Bitches Brew" released

  • 1970 Soap opera "Another World in Somerset" premieres on NBC, running through 1976
  • 1970 Strouse, Adams, Comden & Green's musical "Applause", an adaptation of the 1950 film "All About Eve", starring Lauren Bacall, opens at the Palace Theatre, NYC; runs for 896 performances, and wins 4 Tony and 3 Drama Desk Awards
  • 1970 USSR wins its 8th straight world hockey championship
  • 1972 North Vietnam launches a major conventional offensive against South Vietnam
  • 1972 Northern Ireland's Government and Parliament dissolved by the British Government and 'direct rule' from Westminster is introduced

Music Premiere

1972 Revival of Stephen Sondheim's musical-comedy "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum", starring Phil Silvers opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theatre, NYC; runs for 156 performances and wins 2 Tony Awards

  • 1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1973 Ellsworth Bunker resigns as US ambassador to South Vietnam
  • 1974 128th Grand National: Brian Fletcher aboard Red Rum wins for the 2nd consecutive year; horse goes on to win 1977 race for 3 GN victories; Fletcher's record 3rd GN win
  • 1975 James Rupert kills 11 members of his family on Easter Sunday in Hamilton, Ohio
  • 1975 Ron Lalonde scores the 1st hat trick by a Washington Capital
  • 1976 Israel kills 6 Palestinians protesting land confiscation
  • 1978 "History of the American Film" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 21 performances

Palace of Westminster

1979 Airey Neave, a British politician, is killed by a car bomb as he exits the Palace of Westminster. The Irish National Liberation Army claims responsibility.

  • 1980 Mark Medoff's "Children of a Lesser God" premieres in NYC
  • 1981 "Chariots of Fire" directed by Hugh Hudson and starring Ben Cross and Ian Charleson premieres at a Royal Command Film Performance (Best Picture 1982)

Sports History

1981 43rd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Indiana beats North Carolina, 63-50; Hoosiers' future Hall of Fame point guard Isiah Thomas is named Tournament Most Outstanding Player

Ronald Reagan is Shot

1981 US President Ronald Reagan is shot and wounded in an assassination attempt by John Hinckley, three others are also wounded

  • 1982 3rd NASA Space Shuttle Mission: Columbia 3 lands at White Sands, New Mexico
  • 1982 John Pielmeier's play"Agnes of God", about a nun who gives birth and insists it was immaculate conception, premieres at the Music Box Theatre. NYC, runs for 599 performances
  • 1983 New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) begins trading in crude oil future
  • 1983 Ray Cooney's "Run for your Wives" premieres in London
  • 1983 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1984 US ends participation in multinational Lebanon peace force
  • 1984 World's most valuable tip - New York police detective Robert Cunningham offers waitress Phyllis Penzo half of $1 lottery ticket, next day they win $6 million
  • 1985 139th Grand National: Welsh jockey Hywel Davies aboard 11-year old 50/1 outsider Last Suspect wins by 1½ lengths from Mr. Snugfit
  • 1985 Ireland beats England, 13-10 at Lansdowne Road, Dublin to clinch its 10th outright Five Nations Rugby Championship and 6th triple Crown
  • 1986 "Tango Argentino" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 198 performances
  • 1986 5th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Texas beats USC, 97-81; Longhorns' Clarissa Davis MOP award; complete first undefeated season (34-0)
  • 1986 PGA Tournament Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: John Mahaffey wins by 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Larry Mize

Historic Event

1987 Vincent van Gogh's "Sunflowers" sells for a record 22.5 million pounds ($39.7 million)

  • 1988 Tamil Nadu beat Railways by inns & 144 to win Ranji Trophy
  • 1990 Jack Nicklaus makes his debut on the Senior PGA Tour with a 71 (-1) in the first round of The Tradition at Desert Mountain; wins the event by 4 strokes from Gary Player
  • 1991 "Speed of Darkness" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 36 performances
  • 1991 1st exhibition baseball games at Joe Robbie Stadium (Yanks-Orioles)
  • 1991 Last issue of Dutch Newspaper "Vr˜e Folk" (Free People)
  • 1991 Northern Michigan wins its 1st NCAA hockey title
  • 1991 PBA National Championship Won by Mike Miller
  • 1991 William Kennedy Smith allegedly rapes a woman (found not guilty)

Academy Awards

1992 64th Academy Awards: "The Silence of the Lambs", Anthony Hopkins & Jodie Foster win

  • 1992 CBS TV premieres overnight news program "Up To The Minute"

Sports History

1992 Man accidentally backs into Oakland A's Jose Canseco's $225,000 Lamborghini

  • 1992 P J Patterson, resigns as 6th Prime Minister of Jamaica
  • 1992 WNSR-FM (105.1) changes callsign to WMXV-FM (NYC)
  • 1993 Jamaican premier Percival Patterson wins parliamentary election
  • 1993 Lanford Wilson's play "Redwood Curtain", starring Jeff Daniels, opens at Brooks Atkinson Theatre, NYC; runs for 40 performances
  • 1993 New South Wales beat Qld by eight wkts to win Sheffield Shield
  • 1993 Punjab beat Maharashtra by 120 runs to win Cricket's Ranji Trophy
  • 1994 ABC Masters Tournament won by Hobo Boothe
  • 1994 Bombay beat Bengal by 8 wickets to win Cricket's Ranji Trophy
  • 1994 England Cricket all out for 46 at Port-of-Spain
  • 1995 "Arcadia" opens at Vivian Beaumont Theater NYC for 204 performances
  • 1996 149th Grand National: 7/1 favourite Rough Quest, ridden by Irish jockey Mick Fitzgerald wins by 1¼ lengths from Encore Un Peu

Sports History

1996 Lara hits 146 cricket not out in ODI vs NZ at Port-Of-Spain

  • 1996 NY Mets beats NY Yankees 5-3 in an exhibition game

Historic Event

1996 Prince Edward & girl-friend Sophie visited Greystoke Castle

  • 1997 16th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Tennessee beats Old Dominion, 68-59; Volunteers 5th national title

Golf Major

1997 Nabisco Dinah Shore Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: 41-year old Betsy King wins her 3rd title in this event, 2 strokes ahead of Kris Tschetter and Amy Fruhwirth; last of her 6 major titles

PGA Players Championship

1997 PGA Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: Steve Elkington of Australia leads wire-to-wire to win his 2nd PC title, a record 7 strokes ahead of runner-up Scott Hoch.

  • 1997 TV network Channel 5 begins broadcasting in the UK
  • 1998 60th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Utah, 78-69; Wildcats' 2nd title in 3 seasons and 7th overall

Knighthood

2000 Richard Branson is knighted by Charles, Prince of Wales for "services to entrepreneurship" at Buckingham Palace, London

World Record

2001 At 15 years, 9 months American swimmer Michael Phelps breaks 200m butterfly world record at the US World Championship trials at Austin, Texas; becomes youngest male to set a world mark

  • 2003 In a final match decider, England beats Ireland 42-6 in Dublin to complete a Grand Slam and win the Six Nations Rugby Championship; Jonny Wilkinson kicks 3 conversions, a penalty and 2 dropped goals for England
  • 2003 Kraft Nabisco Championship Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: Patricia Meunier-Lebouc of France wins her only major title, 1 stroke ahead of the 2-time defending champion Annika Sörenstam of Sweden
  • 2003 PGA Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: Davis Love III shoots a final round 64 to win his 2nd Players title, 6 strokes ahead of runners-up Jay Haas and Pádraig Harrington

WrestleMania

2003 WrestleMania XIX, Safeco Field, Seattle, WA (54,097): Brock Lesnar wins WWE Heavyweight Championship against Kurt Angle

  • 2006 Marcos Pontes is the first Brazilian astronaut in space
  • 2006 UK Terrorism Act 2006 becomes law.

WrestleMania

2008 WrestleMania XXIV, Florida Citrus Bowl, Orlando, FL: Kane defeats Chavo Guerrero; Randy Orton beats Triple H and John Cena in a title Triple Threat match; The Undertaker downs Edge

  • 2011 Global credit information group Experian report that economic recovery in Wales slower than the rest of the UK, forecasting growth of 1.6% vs 2.2% for the rest of the UK
  • 2012 American Mega Millions lottery hits a world record lottery amount of 640 million dollars
  • 2012 Mastercard and Visa announce a massive breach in security with over ten million compromised credit card numbers
  • 2012 Spanish Government cuts 27 billion Euros from its budget in a tough austerity measure

Election of Interest

2013 Kenya's Supreme Court declares Uhuru Kenyatta the rightful winner of the Kenyan presidential election

  • 2013 North Korea declares it is at a state of war with South Korea

Historic Event

2017 Ex-South Korean president Park Geun-hye arrested in corruption investigation

  • 2017 North Carolina repeals its controversial bathroom law that restricted transgender use
  • 2017 Venezuela Supreme Court takes over legislative powers of the National Assembly, opposition calls it a coup

Album Release

2018 Country singer songwriter Kacey Musgraves releases her fourth album "Golden Hour" (Grammy Album of the Year 2019)

  • 2018 Palestinians begin a "Great March of Return", 6 weeks of protests on the Gaza Strip demanding Palestinian refugees be allowed to return to Israel. 19 Palestinians killed, 1,416 injured on the first day.

Papal Visit

2019 Pope Francis arrives in Rabat, Morocco, on his first-ever visit to the Magreb region of Northern Africa

Film & TV History

2019 Swedish gamer and YouTuber PewDiePie overtaken by Indian channel T-Series as YouTube channel with most subscribers (both on 92 million)

  • 2019 Zuzana Caputova elected President of Slovakia, the country's first female head of state

COVID-19

2020 International Olympic Committee announces postponed 2020 Summer Olympic Games will be held July 23-August 8 in 2021 because of the COVID-19 pandemic

  • 2020 Russian city Moscow begins a city-wide lockdown after 4 hours notice due to COVID-19
  • 2020 Three out of four Americans now ordered to stay home due to COVID-19 as states of Virginia, Maryland, Arizona and Florida issue lockdowns

Film & TV History

2022 Bruce Willis announces he is stepping away from acting after a diagnosis of aphasia [1]

  • 2022 Computer's Turing Award won by American programmer Jack Dongarra, whose work paved the way for supercomputers [1]

Music History

2022 Rock band Foo Fighters cancel their world tour after the unexpected death of their drummer Taylor Hawkins in Bogota, Colombia [1]

Sports History

2022 State memorial service held for Australian cricketing great Shane Warne at Melbourne Cricket Ground, attended by 50,000