Historical Events on March 5

  • 363 Roman Emperor Julian moves from Antioch with an army of 90,000 to attack the Sassanid Empire, in a campaign that brings about his own death
  • 1046 Persian scholar Naser Khosrow begins the 7 year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book Safarnama
  • 1179 3rd Lateran Council (11th ecumenical council) opens in Rome

Historic Event

1496 English King Henry VII grants John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) a commission to explore for new lands

  • 1528 Utrecht governor Maarten van Rossum plunders The Hague
  • 1558 Smoking tobacco introduced into Europe by Spanish physician Francisco Fernandes
  • 1579 Betuwe joins Union of Utrecht

Historic Event

1616 Astronomical work 'de Revolutionibus' by Nicolaus Copernicus placed on Catholic Forbidden index

  • 1623 1st American temperance law enacted, Virginia
  • 1645 Battle of Jankau in Bohemia: Sweden defeats Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III
  • 1651 South Sea dike in Amsterdam breaks after storm
  • 1684 Emperor Leopold I, Poland & Venice sign Heilig Covenant of Linz
  • 1713 Handel's "Jubilate" first performance in a public rehearsal at St. Paul's Cathedral, London
  • 1731 Mission San Francisco de la Espada, first of the San Antonio missions, reestablished by Spanish missionaries on the bank of the San Antonio River [1]
  • 1743 1st US religious journal, The Christian History, published in Boston
  • 1746 Jacobite troops leave Aberdeen

Historic Event

1750 1st American Shakespearean production-"altered" Richard III, NYC

  • 1766 Don Antonio de Ulloa takes possession of Louisiana Territory from the French

Historic Event

1770 Boston Massacre (Incident on King Street): British soldiers kill 5 men in a crowd throwing snowballs, stones and sticks at them. African American Crispus Attucks 1st to die; later held up as early black martyr. Massacre galvanizes anti-British feelings.

Historic Event

1774 John Hancock delivers the fourth annual Massacre Day oration, a commemoration of the Boston Massacre, and denounces the presence of British troops in Boston, enhancing Hancock's stature as a leading Patriot

  • 1783 King Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski grants rights to Jews of Kovno
  • 1784 Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney, is named President of the Board of Trade.
  • 1793 French troops are defeated by Austrian forces and Liège is recaptured
  • 1795 Amsterdam celebrates Revolution on the Dam; Square of Revolution
  • 1795 Treaty of Basel - Prussia ends war with France
  • 1803 First newspaper published in Australia the Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser by government printer and ex-convict George Howe [1]

Music Premiere

1807 1st performance of Ludwig van Beethoven's 4th Symphony in B

  • 1820 Dutch city of Leeuwarden forbids Jews to go to synagogues on Sundays
  • 1821 Monroe is 1st US President inaugurated on March 5th, because 4th was Sunday
  • 1824 First Burmese War: The British officially declare war on Burma

Historic Event

1836 Samuel Colt manufactures first pistol, 34-caliber "Texas" model

  • 1840 2nd Grand National: Bartholomew Bretherton wins aboard 16/1 Jerry; a then smallest field of 13
  • 1841 1st continuous filibuster in US Senate began, lasting until March 11
  • 1842 Over 500 Mexican troops led by Rafael Vasquez invade Texas, briefly occupy San Antonio and then head back to the Rio Grande.
  • 1845 7th Grand National: William Loft aboard outsider Cure-All wins in record time of 10 minutes, 47 seconds
  • 1848 Louis Antoine Garnier-Pages is named French minister of Finance

Historic Event

1849 Zachary Taylor sworn in as 12th US President

  • 1850 The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the Isle of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened

Steinway & Sons Piano

1853 Piano company Steinway & Sons founded by Heinrich Steinweg (later Henry Steinway) in New York City

  • 1856 Covent Garden Opera House, London, destroyed in a fire
  • 1856 Georgia becomes 1st state to regulate railroads
  • 1858 Abolitionists establish "Crispus Attucks Day" in Boston
  • 1860 Parma, Tuscany, Modena and Romagna vote in referendums to join the Kingdom of Sardinia
  • 1862 Union troops under Brigadier General Wright occupy Fernandina, Florida (US Civil War)
  • 1864 1st track meet between Oxford & Cambridge
  • 1868 Arrigo Boito's opera "Mefistofele" premieres in Milan
  • 1868 Stapler patented in England by C H Gould
  • 1868 US Senate organizes to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson

Historic Invention

1872 George Westinghouse Jr patents triple air brake for trains

President Inaugurated

1877 Rutherford B. Hayes publicly inaugurated as 19th President of the United States

Historic Event

1894 Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, becomes First Lord of the Treasury (the official title of the UK Prime Minister)

  • 1894 Seattle authorizes 1st municipal employment office in US
  • 1896 Italian governor of Eritrea, General Baldissera, reaches Massawa
  • 1896 Italian premier Francesco Crispi resigns
  • 1897 American Negro Academy forms
  • 1899 1st performance of Edward MacDowell's 2nd Concerto in D
  • 1900 American Hall of Fame founded
  • 1903 Definitive treaty for construction of Baghdad railway drawn up

Historic Invention

1904 Nikola Tesla describes the process of the ball lightning formation in Electrical World and Engineer

  • 1907 1st radio broadcast of a musical composition aired
  • 1907 The second Duma opens in St. Petersburg, Russia and 40,000 demonstrators have to be dispersed by Russian troops
  • 1908 1st ascent of Mt Erebus, Antarctica
  • 1910 Ramon Inclan's "La Farsa Infantil de la Cabeza del Dragon" premieres
  • 1910 Stanley Cup, Dey's Arena, Ottawa, ON: Montreal Wanderers beat Ottawa Senators, 3-1
  • 1912 Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines.
  • 1912 Spanish steamer "Principe de Asturias" sinks NE of Spain, 500 die
  • 1915 World War I: The LZ 33, a zeppelin, is damaged by enemy fire and stranded south of Ostend.

President Inaugurated

1917 US President Woodrow Wilson is inaugurated for a second term

  • 1919 Louis Hirsch & Harold Atteridge's musical premieres in NYC
  • 1921 The Durban Land Alienation Ordinance passes, enabling the Durban City Council to exclude Indians from ownership or occupation of property in white areas, South Africa
  • 1921 The US warns Costa Rica and Panama to settle disputes peacefully
  • 1923 Montana & Nevada become 1st states to enact old age pension laws
  • 1924 Computing-Tabulating-Recording Corp becomes IBM
  • 1924 Frank Carauna, becomes 1st to bowl 2 successive perfect 300 games
  • 1924 King Hussein of Hedzjaz appoints himself kalief
  • 1927 1,000 US marines land in China to protect American property
  • 1928 Karl Zuckmayer's "Der Hauptmann von Köpenick" premieres in Berlin

Treaty of Interest

1931 Gandhi & British viceroy Lord Irwin sign pact

Historic Event

1933 FDR proclaims 10-day bank holiday

  • 1933 Germany's Nazi Party wins majority in parliament (43.9%-17.2M votes)
  • 1934 Mother-in-law's day 1st celebrated (Amarillo, Texas)
  • 1935 1st premature baby health law in US (Chicago)
  • 1936 Spitfire makes its 1st flight (Eastleigh Aerodrome in Southampton)
  • 1942 Japanese troop march into Batavia

Historic Event

1942 Josip Tito establishes 3rd Proletarian Brigade in Bosnia

Music Premiere

1942 World première of Dmitri Shostakovich' 7th Symphony in Kuybyshev, Russia

  • 1943 Anti-fascist strikes in Italy
  • 1943 RAF bombs Essen Germany

Music Premiere

1944 1st performance of Walter Piston's 2nd Symphony by the National Symphony, in Washington, D.C.

  • 1945 Allies bombs The Hague, Netherlands
  • 1945 US 7th Army Corps captures Cologne
  • 1945 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • 1945 World War II: The Battle of the Ruhr begins.
  • 1946 Hungarian Communists and Social Democrats co-found the Left Bloc.

Historic Event

1946 Winston Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech in Fulton, Missouri, popularizes the term and draws attention to the division of Europe

  • 1948 US rocket flies record 4800 kph to 126km height

Cricket History

1949 Bradman plays his last innings in 1st-class cricket, gets 30

  • 1949 The Jharkhand Party is founded in India.

Historic Event

1952 Terence Rattigan's stage drama "Deep Blue Sea" premieres in London

  • 1953 6th British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAs): "The Sound Barrier" Best Film
  • 1954 "Girl in Pink Tights" opens at Mark Hellinger NYC for 115 performances
  • 1955 2nd ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: NC State beats Duke, 87-77
  • 1955 WBBJ TV channel 7 in Jackson, TN (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 "King Kong" 1st televised

Album Release

1956 Capitol Records releases "Songs for Swingin' Lovers!", the tenth album by American singer Frank Sinatra: upbeat collection of pop tunes with jazz arrangements by Nelson Riddle became the first album ever to top the new UK Albums Chart

Election of Interest

1957 Eamon de Valera's Fianna Fail-party wins election in Ireland

  • 1957 Sgt Bilko satirizes Elvis Presley (Elvis Pelvin)
  • 1958 Explorer 2 fails to reach Earth orbit
  • 1958 KDUH TV channel 4 in Scottsbluff-Hay Spring, NB (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • 1959 Iran & US sign economic & military treaty
  • 1960 7th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Duke beats Wake Forest, 63-59
  • 1960 Ice Dance Championship at Vancouver won by Denny & Jones (GRB)
  • 1960 Ice Pairs Championship at Vancouver won by Wagner & Paul (CAN)

Famous Photo

1960 Iconic photograph 'Guerrillero Heroico' taken of Che Guevara at a memorial service in Havana, by Cuban photographer Alberto Korda, possibly the most reproduced photo in history

  • 1960 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Vancouver won by Alain Giletti (FRA)
  • 1960 The Aquatic Ape Hypothesis originates when Alister Hardy publicly announces his idea that ape-human divergence may have been due to a coastal phase.
  • 1960 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champions in Vancouver won by Carol E Heiss (USA)
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Beatles record "From Me to You" & "Thank You Girl"
  • 1964 Atlanta Mayor Ivan Allen Jr, announces a baseball team is moving there
  • 1964 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Ceylon due to social unrest
  • 1965 1st performance of Walter Piston's 8th Symphony (his last), by the Boston Symphony, conducted by Erich Leinsdorf
  • 1965 Ernie Terrell beats Eddie Machen by unanimous points decision over 15 rounds in Chicago, Illinois to win vacant WBA heavyweight boxing title
  • 1965 March Intifada: A Leftist uprising erupts in Bahrain against British colonial presence
  • 1966 11th Eurovision Song Contest: Udo Jurgens for Austria wins singing "Merci, Cherie" in Luxembourg
  • 1966 13th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Duke beats NC State, 71-66
  • 1966 75 MPH air currents causes BOAC 707 crash into Mount Fuji, 124 die
  • 1966 Bob Seagren pole vaults 5.19m indoor world record
  • 1966 Player reps elect Marvin Miller as executive director of the Major League Baseball Players Association
  • 1966 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 WEDN TV channel 53 in Norwich, CT (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 US launches Solar Explorer 2 to study the Sun
  • 1969 Gold reaches then record high ($47 per ounce) in Paris
  • 1969 Gustav Heinemann elected President of West Germany
  • 1969 Joe Orton's "What the Butler Saw" premieres in London

Film Release

1970 "Airport" based on the book by Arthur Hailey, directed by George Seaton and starring Burt Lancaster and Dean Martin is released

  • 1970 Dubnium atoms are first detected conclusively.
  • 1970 Edison Theater opens at 240 W 47th St NYC
  • 1970 Nuclear non-proliferation treaty goes into effect
  • 1970 SDS Weathermen terrorist group bomb 18 West 11th St in NYC

Music Premiere

1971 "Stairway to Heaven" by Led Zeppelin first played live at Ulster Hall, Belfast by Robert Plant, Jimmy Page, John Bonham and John Paul Jones

  • 1972 Dutch speed skater Atje Keulen-Deelstra becomes Women's Allround World Champion at Heerenveen, Netherlands, her second title in 3 years
  • 1972 Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis leaves communist party
  • 1973 Yankee pitchers Peterson & Kekich announce they swapped wives
  • 1974 "Candide" opens at Broadway Theater, NYC; runs for 740 performances
  • 1974 First performance in 3,000 years of world's oldest known song "Hymn to Nikkal" a 3,400 year old Hurrian hymn to moon god Nikkal from Ugarit in Syria, played at Berkeley University by Anne Kilmer and Richard Crocker [1]
  • 1974 Ralph Stewart failed in 2nd Islander penalty shot
  • 1976 British pound falls below $2 for 1st time
  • 1977 24th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: North Carolina beats Virginia, 75-69
  • 1978 "Hello, Dolly!" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 152 performances
  • 1978 Landsat 3 launched from Vandenberg AFB, California
  • 1979 Iran resumes petroleum exports
  • 1979 Voyager I's closest approach to Jupiter (172,000 miles)
  • 1980 Earth satellites record gamma rays from remnants of supernova N-49

Sports History

1981 Ice Dance Championship at Hartford won by Jayne Torvill & Christopher Dean (GRB)

  • 1981 Ice Pairs Champ at Hartford won by Irina Vorobieva & I Lisovski (URS)

Sports History

1981 Men's Figure Skating Champions in Hartford won by Scott Hamilton (USA)

  • 1981 Michael Stewart's musical "Bring Back Birdie" opens at Martin Beck Theater, NYC for 4 performances
  • 1981 US government grants Atlanta $1 million to search for black boy murderer

Sports History

1982 MLB pitcher Gaylord Perry (with 297 wins) signs with Seattle Mariners

  • 1982 Russian spacecraft Venera 14 lands on Venus sends back data

Election of Interest

1983 Australian Labor leader Bob Hawke defeats sitting Liberal Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser in a general election

  • 1983 NSW beat Western Australia by 54 runs to win Sheffield Shield
  • 1984 Supreme Court (5-4): city may use public money for Nativity scene
  • 1984 US accuse Iraq of using poison gas
  • 1985 38th British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAs): "The Killing Fields" Best Film, Wim Wenders Best Director
  • 1985 Mexican authorities find the body of US drug agent Enrique "Kike" Camarena Salaazar

Sports History

1985 NY Islander Mike Bossy is 1st to score 50 goals in 8 straight seasons

  • 1986 "Today" tabloid launched (Britain's 1st national colour newspaper); it folded in 1995
  • 1988 Constitution of Turks and Caicos Islands is restored and revised.
  • 1989 19th Easter Seal Telethon raises $37,002,000
  • 1989 Elly Verhulst runs world record 3000 m indoor (8:33.82)
  • 1991 Iraq repealed its annexation of Kuwait
  • 1991 Reggie Miller (Indiana Pacers) begins NBA free throw streak of 52 games
  • 1992 Ethic committee votes to reveal congressmen who bounced checks

Sports History

1993 Boston Celtic Larry Bird undergoes backfusion surgery

  • 1993 Fokker 100 crashes at Skopje Macedonia, 81 die
  • 1993 Marlins beat Astros 12-8 in their 1st spring training game
  • 1994 Jefffesron Airplane/Starship singer Grace Slick arrested for pointing a gun at a cop
  • 1994 Largest milkshake made; 1,955 gallons of chocolate in Nelspruit, South Africa
  • 1994 PBA National Championship won by David Traber
  • 1995 Estonia Centrumlinkse Coalition party wins parliamentary election

Historic Event

1995 Graves of Tsar Nicholas II and family found in St Petersburg

  • 1995 Marc Velzeboer skates world record 3 km short track (5:00.26)

Hall of Fame

1997 Tommy Lasorda, Nellie Fox and Willie Wells inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame

  • 1999 Paul Okalik is elected first Premier of Nunavut
  • 2001 In Mecca, 35 Muslim pilgrims are crushed to death during the annual Hajj pilgrimage.

Television Premiere

2002 American reality TV program The Osbournes" featuring family of Ozzy Osbourne premieres on MTV

  • 2003 In Haifa, 17 Israeli civilians are killed by a Hamas suicide bomb in the Haifa bus 37 massacre.
  • 2005 The Burkinabé Party for Democracy and Socialism holds its first National Convention.