On This Day

Historical Events on March 6

  • 1079 Omar ibn Ibrahim al-Chajjam completes Jalali-calendar
  • 1323 Treaty of Paris - Flemish relinquish claims over the County of Zeeland
  • 1447 Tommaso Parentucelli succeeds Pope Eugene IV as Nicolas V
  • 1454 Thirteen Years' War: Delegates of the Prussian Confederation pledge allegiance to Casimir IV of Poland, and the Polish king agrees to help in their struggle for independence from the Teutonic Knights.
  • 1479 Treaty of Alcaçovas: Portugal gives the Canary Islands to Castile in exchange for claims in West Africa

Historic Discovery

1521 Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan discovers Guam

  • 1579 Veluwe joins Union of Utrecht
  • 1590 Dutch and English army led by Maurice of Nassau captures heavily protected city of Breda using a small assault force hidden in a peat barge

Historic Event

1628 Emperor Ferdinand II delegates Restitutie-edict

  • 1646 Joseph Jenkes receives the 1st patent in North America for making scythes from the General Court of Massachusetts

Historic Event

1664 King Louis XIV & Emperor of Brandenburg signs covenant

  • 1665 Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society starts publishing
  • 1714 Treaty of Rastatt signed by Austria and France ending hostilities between them during the War of the Spanish Succession
  • 1728 Spain & Britain sign (1st) Convention of Pardo
  • 1775 1st Negro Mason in north America initiated, Boston
  • 1788 The British First Fleet arrives at Australian territory of Norfolk Island to found a convict settlement

Victory in Battle

1799 Napoleon Bonaparte captures city of Jaffa, Palestine, after a 5 day siege, defeating the Ottoman Empire

  • 1808 1st college orchestra in US founded, at Harvard
  • 1810 Illinois passes 1st state vaccination legislation in US
  • 1816 Jews are expelled from Free city of Lubeck, Germany

Historic Event

1831 Edgar Allan Poe removed from West Point military academy

  • 1831 Vincenzo Bellini's opera "La Sonnambula" premieres in Milan
  • 1834 Toronto incorporated with William Lyon Mackenzie as its 1st mayor

French Revolution

1835 Volume One of Thomas Carlyle's famous work "The French Revolution: A History" is accidentally burnt by a maid using it as fire starter before its publication. Carlyle re-writes it.

Battle of the Alamo

1836 Battle of the Alamo: After 13 days of fighting 1,500-3,000 Mexican soldiers overwhelm the Texan defenders, killing 182-257 Texans including William Travis, Jim Bowie and Davy Crockett

  • 1838 Franz Grillparzer's "Weh dem, der Lugt" premieres in Vienna

Theater Premiere

1851 Dion Boucicault's play "Love in a Maze" premieres in London

Music Premiere

1853 Giuseppe Verdi's Opera "La Traviata" premieres in Venice

  • 1855 Gustave Flaubert writes goodbye to the poet Louise Colet
  • 1858 20th Grand National: William Archer wins aboard outsider Little Charley at 100/6
  • 1861 Provisionary Confederate Congress establishes Confederate Army
  • 1862 Battle of Pea Ridge, Arkansas (Elkhorn Tavern)
  • 1865 Battle of Natural Bridge, Florida

Historic Event

1865 US President Abraham Lincoln's 2nd Inaugural Ball

  • 1867 29th Grand National: John Page wins aboard Irish 16/1 shot Cortolvin; trainer Harry Lamplugh's second GN victory

Historic Event

1869 Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table of the elements to the Russian Chemical Society

  • 1882 Monarch Milan Obrenovic of Serbia crowns himself king
  • 1886 1st US alternating current power plant starts, Great Barrington, Massachusetts
  • 1886 1st US nurses' magazine, The Nightingale, 1st appears, NYC
  • 1895 England beats Australia to win one of the best cricket series ever, 3-2
  • 1895 J T Brown hits the fastest 50 in test cricket (28 mins) England v Australia
  • 1896 1st auto in Detroit, Charles B King rides his "Horseless Carriage"
  • 1899 "Aspirin" (acetylsalicylic acid) patented by Felix Hoffmann at German company Bayer
  • 1900 After a meeting in Indianapolis, USA, a group forms the Social Democratic Party and nominates Eugene Debs as its candidate for President in the forthcoming election (becomes the Socialist Party in 1901)

Historic Event

1901 In Bremen an assassin attempts to kill Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany.

  • 1902 Permanent US Census office created by legislation passed by Congress
  • 1904 The Japanese fleet bombards Vladivostok, the major Russian port on the Pacific
  • 1906 Cubs sign 3rd baseman Harry Steinfeldt to complete Tinker-Evers-Chance
  • 1906 Heavy storm bursts dike, flooding Vlissingen, Netherlands
  • 1906 Nora Blatch is 1st woman elected to American Society of Civil Engineers

Theater Premiere

1909 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Griselda" premieres in Vienna

  • 1918 US naval boat "Cyclops" disappears in Bermuda Triangle
  • 1919 NHL Championship: Montreal Canadiens beat Ottawa Senators, 3 games to 1 with 1 tie
  • 1921 Police in Sunbury, Pennsylvania, issue an edict requiring Women to wear skirts at least 4 inches below the knee
  • 1921 The Natal Indian Congress is resuscitated and reorganised at a meeting in Durban, with Ismail Gora as President

Contract of Interest

1922 Babe Ruth signs 3 year contract with NY Yankees at $52,000 a year

  • 1922 GB Shaw's "Back to Methusaleh III/IV" premieres in NYC
  • 1923 Cards announce their players will wear numbers on their uniforms
  • 1924 British Labour government cuts military budget
  • 1925 Belgium annexes Eupen, Malmö dy & Sankt Vith
  • 1926 China asks for a seat on the Security council
  • 1929 Turkey & Bulgaria sign friendship treaty

Historic Event

1933 FDR declares a nationwide bank holiday

Historic Event

1933 Maxwell Anderson's "Both your Houses" premieres in NYC

  • 1933 Poland occupies the free city of Danzig (Gdańsk)
  • 1934 Sidney Howard & Paul de Kruif's "Yellowjacket" premieres in NYC
  • 1935 Frank Bartell (Czech), cycles record 80.584 mph in LA
  • 1936 Belgium ends Locarno pact
  • 1940 1st US telecast from an airplane, NYC

Battle of Interest

1943 Battle at Medenine, North Africa: Rommel's counterattack

Historic Event

1943 Sukarno asks for cooperation with Japanese occupiers

  • 1944 USAAF begins daylight bombing of Berlin
  • 1945 Chinese 38th division occupies Lashio
  • 1945 Erich Honnecker & Erich Hanke flee Nazis
  • 1945 Federico Garcia Lorca's "La Casa" premieres in Buenos Aires

Historic Invention

1945 George Nissen of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, receives a patent for the first modern trampoline

  • 1945 Dutch resistance fighters kill two, and injure one Nazi officer in an attempt to hijack food supplies at de Woeste Hoeve, Netherlands
  • 1946 France recognizes Vietnam statehood within Indo-Chinese federation
  • 1947 XB-45, 1st US 4-engine jet bomber, makes 1st test flight, Muroc, CA
  • 1950 Silly Putty goes on sale in the US
  • 1951 Belgium extends conscription to 24 months

Historic Event

1953 Malenkov becomes chairman of the USSR

  • 1954 1st ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: NC State beats Wake Forest, 82-80 (OT)

Historic Event

1955 Dutch premiere of Samuel Beckett's "Waiting for Godot"

  • 1957 Ghana (formerly Gold Coast) declares independence from UK

Historic Event

1957 Centenary of Dred Scott slavery court decision marked by rediscovery of Scott's grave

Emmy Awards

1959 11th Emmy Awards: Playhouse 90, Jack Benny Show, Raymond Burr win

  • 1959 Farthest radio signal heard (Pioneer IV, 400,000 miles)
  • 1960 President Sukarno disbands Indonesia's parliament
  • 1961 1st London minicabs introduced
  • 1961 Dutch Queen Juliana celebrates 12½ year jubilee
  • 1961 Dutch guilder revalued 4.74%
  • 1962 St Louis vote to build a new downtown stadium for the Cardinals
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1962 US promise Thailand assistance against communist aggression
  • 1964 Constantine succeeds Paul I as king of Greece

Sports History

1964 Boxing legend Cassius Clay joins the Nation of Islam and changes his name to "Muhammad Ali", calling his former title a "slave name"

  • 1964 Tom O'Hara runs world record mile (3:56.4)
  • 1965 "How to Succeed in Business" closes at 46th St NYC after 1415 performances
  • 1965 1st nonstop helicopter crossing of North America, JR Willford
  • 1965 Bruce Taylor hits 105 for NZ v India in 1st Test Cricket innings
  • 1965 12th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: NC State beats Duke, 91-85
  • 1966 Barry Sadler's "Ballad of the Green Berets" becomes #1 (13 weeks)

Music Awards

1967 2nd Academy of Country Music Awards: Merle Haggard and Bonnie Guitar win

  • 1967 Jimmy Hoffa enters Lewisburg Federal Prison
  • 1967 Muhammad Ali is ordered by selective service to be inducted
  • 1967 Joseph Stalin's daughter Svetlana Allilujeva approaches the US Embassy in New Delhi, India, and asks for political asylum
  • 1967 WACS TV channel 25 in Dawson, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1970 Beatles release single "Let it Be" in UK
  • 1970 A Catholic man is shot dead by British soldiers in Belfast, North Ireland

Sports History

1971 Test Cricket debut of Indian cricket great Sunil Gavaskar versus West Indies at Port-of-Spain; 125 Tests, 10,122 runs @ 51.12; 34 Test centuries

Sports History

1972 Jack Nicklaus, passes Arnold Palmer as golf's all-time money winner

  • 1972 Keswick to Penrith railway officially closes
  • 1973 In an exhibition game with the Pirates, Twins Larry Hisle becomes the 1st designated hitter (he hits 2 HRs & knocks in 7 RBIs)
  • 1974 "Over Here!" musical written by Richard & Robert Sherman opens at Shubert Theater, NYC for 341 performances (top-grossing production 1974)
  • 1974 An unnamed Italian industrialist loses a record $1,920,000 at roulette over 5 hours in Monte Carlo Casino
  • 1974 Australian cricketing brothers Ian (145 & 121) and Greg Chappell (247no and 133) score unique twin centuries in drawn 1st Test vs New Zealand in Wellington
  • 1975 Algiers Accord: Iran and Iraq announce a settlement of their border dispute.
  • 1976 Ice Dance Championship at Gothenburg won by Pakhomova & Gorshkov (URS)
  • 1976 Ice Pairs Championship at Gothenburg won by Rodnina & Zaitsev (Soviet Union)
  • 1976 European Men's Figure Skating Championship in Gothenburg, Sweden won by John Curry (Great Britain)

Sports History

1976 Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Gothenburg won by American Dorothy Hamill

  • 1976 23rd ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Virginia beats North Carolina, 67-62

Sports History

1976 In his 10th title defence, WBA light welterweight champion Antonio Cervantes of Colombia is beaten by 17 year old Puerto Rican boxer Wilfred Benítez in a 15-round split decision in San Juan, Puerto Rico; Benitez youngest ever world champion

  • 1976 Wales clinch their 7th Five Nations Rugby Championship title, 7th Grand Slam and 13th Triple Crown with a 19-13 win over France at the National Stadium, Cardiff

Historic Event

1978 Hustler publisher Larry Flynt and his lawyer shot by a militant white supremacist sniper in Georgia, leaving Flynt crippled and wheelchair bound

Daytime Emmy Awards

1980 Emmy 7th Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 1st time

  • 1980 Princess Theater (Latin Quarter, Cotton Club) opens at 200 W 48th NYC
  • 1980 French Academy, founded in 1635, elects it 1st woman novelist (Marguerita Youcenar)
  • 1981 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1981 Soyuz 39 returns to Earth

Film & TV History

1981 Walter Cronkite signs off as anchorman of "CBS Evening News"

  • 1981 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Hartford won by Denise Biellmann
  • 1982 NBA highest scoring game: San Antonio beat Milwaukee 171-166 (3 OT)
  • 1982 Susan Birmingham makes then world's loudest recorded human shout (120 dB)
  • 1982 23rd SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Alabama beats Kentucky, 48-46
  • 1983 "On Your Toes" opens at Virginia Theater NYC for 505 performances

Election of Interest

1983 Helmut Kohl's CDU/CSU wins West German parliament elections

  • 1983 In New Bedford, Massachusetts, woman charges she was gang-raped atop a pool table
  • 1983 US Football League begins its 1st season
  • 1984 Twelve-month-long strike in British coal industry begins.
  • 1985 Enos Slaughter & Arky Vaughan are elected to baseball Hall of Fame

Boxing Title Fight

1985 Future undisputed world heavyweight boxing champion Mike Tyson KOs Hector Mercedes at 1:47 in round 1 of 4 in Albany, NY in his first professional fight

Film & TV History

1985 Yul Brynner appears in his 4,500th performance of "The King & I"

  • 1985 Atlantis (OV-104) rollout at Palmdale
  • 1986 Ken Ludwig's "Lend me a Tenor" premieres in London
  • 1986 USSR's Vega 1 flies by Halley's Comet at 8,889 km
  • 1987 6.8 earthquake hits Ecuador, kills 100
  • 1987 Belgium ferry "Herald of Free Enterprise" sinks; 192 die
  • 1988 18th Easter Seal Telethon raises $35,200,000
  • 1988 3 IRA suspects shot dead in Gibraltar by SAS officers
  • 1988 Julie Krone becomes winningest female jockey (1205 victories)
  • 1989 Yanks beat Mets 6-4 in exhibition game (1st meeting since 1985)
  • 1990 SR-71 sets a transcontinental record, flying 2,404 miles in 1:08:17

Historic Event

1991 Following Iraq's capitulation in the Persian Gulf conflict, US President George H. W. Bush told Congress that "aggression is defeated. The war is over"

  • 1992 Yankee pitcher Pascual Perez suspended for 1 year due to cocaine
  • 1992 The Michelangelo computer virus begins to take affect
  • 1992 Founding of the Council of the Baltic Sea States.
  • 1994 Colin Jackson runs world record 60m hurdles indoor (7.30 sec)
  • 1994 United Arab Emirates beat Kenya by 2 wickets to win ICC Trophy
  • 1994 Referendum in Moldova results in the electorate voting against possible reunification with Romania.

Film & TV History

1995 9th American Comedy Award: Rodney Dangerfield

  • 1995 American Express Travel begins charging for domestic air tickets
  • 1995 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Phoenix AZ on KEDJ 106.3/100.3 FM
  • 1996 10th American Comedy Award: James Burrows
  • 1996 Aravinda De Silva smashes 145 v Kenya in cricket World Cup at Kandy Sri Lanka score 5-398 in 50 overs in World Cup v Kenya

Historic Event

1997 Picasso's painting Tête de Femme is stolen from a London gallery, and is recovered a week later.

Historic Event

1998 British Union Flag begins to be flown full-mast over Buckingham Palace whenever British monarch not in residence, following change of protocol after the death of Diana, Princess of Wales

  • 1998 Matt Beck, an angry lottery accountant kills 4 at Connecticut state lottery
  • 1999 20th Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: Connecticut beats St. John's, 82-63

Sports History

2000 Long-time Boston Bruin defenseman Ray Bourque is traded to the Colorado Avalanche

Hall of Fame

2000 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees: Eric Clapton; Earth, Wind, and Fire; Lovin' Spoonful; The Moonglows; Bonnie Raitt; James Taylor; Nat King Cole; Billie Holiday; Hal Blaine; "King" Curtis; James Jamerson; Scotty Moore; Earl Palmer; and Clive Davis

  • 2001 US Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham establishes the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve to be used in emergency circumstances
  • 2004 35th NAACP Image Awards: "The Fighting Temptations" wins Outstanding Motion Picture
  • 2006 South Dakota Governor Mike Rounds signs a bill into legislation that would ban most abortions in the state.
  • 2007 Former White House aide I. Lewis Libby, Jr. is found guilty on four of five counts of perjury and obstruction of justice trial.
  • 2010 30th Golden Raspberry Awards: "Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen" wins
  • 2012 9,000 residents are evacuated from Wagga Wagga, Australia, as the Murrimbidgee River threatens to overflow

Album Release

2012 Columbia Records releases Bruce Springsteen's 17th studio album "Wrecking Ball"

  • 2013 Syrian rebels capture Ar-Raqqah, their first major city
  • 2013 Microsoft is fined €561M ($731M USD) by the Euro Commission for failing to respect an antitrust settlement to provide options to chose an alternative web browser
  • 2013 9 people die after a plane crashes after being ensnared in power lines in Peru
  • 2014 Crimean parliament votes unanimously to make the Crimea part of Russia
  • 2015 US State Department charges 2 Vietnamese and a Canadian citizen with cyberfraud, for stealing 1 billion email addresses for spam
  • 2015 NASA's Dawn space probe enters orbit around the dwarf planet Ceres
  • 2016 Seventh Democratic presidential candidates debate hosted by CNN and held in Flint, Michigan

Historic Event

2017 US President Donald Trump signs his second executive order barring travelers from 6 mostly-Muslim countries for 90 days but leaves out Iraq

  • 2017 Wikileaks publishes "Vault 7" CIA documents detailing its hacking and surveillance techniques
  • 2018 "Highest overdose death rates ever recorded in the US", 142,000 overdoses in 2016-17 period according to US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • 2018 Sri Lanka imposes first nationwide state of emergency since civil war after unrest between Sinhalese and Muslim areas in Kandy District
  • 2018 World's oldest message in a bottle found in Western Australia, thrown from German ship Paula 132 years ago (12 June 1886)
  • 2018 American WWII aircraft carrier USS Lexington rediscovered in Australia's Coral Sea, lost during 1942 Battle of the Coral Sea
  • 2018 Nashville mayor Megan Barry resigns a month after admitting to an extramarital affair with her bodyguard

Canonization

2018 Pope Francis announces that murdered Salvadorean Archbishop Óscar Romero will be made a saint

  • 2018 British health officials tells the country it's time "to get on a diet" and urging manufacturers to reduce calories in foods

Historic Event

2018 Forbes names Amazon founder Jeff Bezos the world's richest person for the first time at $112 billion, Bill Gates no. 2

Sports History

2019 LeBron James scores his 32,293rd point in the 2nd quarter of a Lakers' 115-99 loss to Denver in LA to pass Michael Jordan into 4th place on the NBA all-time point scoring list