On This Day

Historical Events on March 7

Roman Empire

161 Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, an unprecedented political arrangement in the Roman Empire

Roman Empire

321 Roman Emperor Constantine I decrees that the dies Solis Invicti (sun-day) is the day of rest in the Empire

  • 1138 Conrad II von Hohenstaufen re-elected German king
  • 1277 Condemnation of 219 philosophical and theological theses by Stephen Tempier, Bishop of Paris.

Historic Event

1530 English King Henry VIII's divorce request is denied by the Pope

  • 1560 Christian fleet under Gian Andrea lands at Djerba, North Africa
  • 1573 Turkey & Venice sign peace treaty
  • 1621 John Pieterszoon Coen's troops land on Lontor, East Indies

Historic Event

1633 Prince Frederick Henry appoints himself viceroy of Limburg

  • 1644 Massachusetts establishes 1st two-chamber legislature in colonies

Historic Event

1696 English King William III departs Netherlands

Historic Event

1774 King George III charges colonists in Boston with attempting to injure British commerce, paving the way for the closing of the port to punish colonists for the Boston Tea Party

Historic Discovery

1778 Captain James Cook 1st sights Oregon coast at Yaquina Bay

Historic Event

1785 James Hutton, geologist, presents his full theory of uniformitarianism at a meeting of the Royal Society of Edinburgh

  • 1798 The French army enters Rome: the birth of the Roman Republic
  • 1799 The Royal Institution of Great Britain founded; dedicated to scientific research and education.
  • 1801 Massachusetts enacts first state voter registration law
  • 1808 Portugal's regent Dom Juan IV arrives in Rio De Janeiro

Victory in Battle

1814 Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of Craonne against combined Russian and Prussian force in northern France

  • 1824 Giacomo Meyerbeers opera "Il Crociati in Egitto" (The Crusader in Egypt) premieres at La Fenice in Venice with famous castrato Giovanni Battista Velluti singing
  • 1827 Shrigley Abduction: Ellen Turner, a wealthy heiress in Cheshire, England, is abducted by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, a future politician in colonial New Zealand
  • 1835 HMS Beagle returns from Concepcion to Valparaiso
  • 1843 1st Catholic governor in US, Edward Kavanagh of Maine, takes office
  • 1847 US General Scott occupies Vera Cruz, Mexico
  • 1848 In Hawaii, Great Mahele (division of lands) signed
  • 1851 Poll tax levied on Russo-Polish Jews entering Austrian Galicia ends
  • 1852 Dutch telegraph traffic regulated by law
  • 1854 Charles Miller patents 1st US sewing machine to stitch buttonholes
  • 1855 17th Grand National: John Hanlon wins aboard Irish horse Wanderer at 25/1
  • 1857 Baseball decides 9 innings constitutes an official game, not 9 runs
  • 1860 22nd Grand National: Tommy Pickernell wins aboard Irish horse Anatis at 5/1
  • 1862 Battle of Elkhorn Tavern, Day 2, Generals Ben McCulloch & James McIntosh killed
  • 1865 -10] Battles around Kinston, North Carolina
  • 1866 28th Grand National: 1852 winner Alec Goodman wins his second GN aboard Irish 40/1 outsider Salamander
  • 1870 Cincinnati Red Stockings, 1st pro BB team, begin 8-mo tour of Midwest & East
  • 1872 -8°F (-22°C) in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1876 Battle at Gura: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
  • 1881 Southern University opens in New Orleans
  • 1887 North Carolina State University is founded by the North Carolina General Assembly.
  • 1896 Gilbert & Sullivan's last operette "Grand Duke" premieres in London
  • 1900 Battle at Poplar Grove South Africa, President Kruger flees
  • 1902 Boers beat British troops at Tweebosch, Transvaal

Historic Publication

1905 Arthur Conan Doyle publishes "The Return of Sherlock Holmes" collection in London after public pressure to revive his famous detective (Feb New York)

  • 1906 Finnish Senate accepts universal suffrage, except for poor
  • 1908 Cincinnati Mayor Mark Breith stands before city council and announces that, "women are not physically fit to operate automobiles"
  • 1911 US sends 20,000 troops to Mexican border
  • 1911 Willis Farnsworth of Petaluma, California, patents coin-operated locker

Scientific Discovery

1912 Roald Amundsen announces his discovery of the South Pole (located 14 December 1911)

  • 1914 Prince Wilhelm von Wied becomes King of Albania
  • 1917 1st jazz record released on a 78 by Original Dixieland Jass Band for the Victor Talking Machine Company ("Dixie Jazz Band One Step," one side "Livery Stable Blues" other)
  • 1918 H Carroll & J McCarthy's musical "Oh, Look!" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1918 President Woodrow Wilson authorizes US Army's Distinguished Service Medal

  • 1918 World War I: Finland forms an alliance with Germany

Historic Event

1921 Red Army under Trotsky attacks sailors of Kronstadt naval base near St Petersburg, Russia

  • 1922 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard

Sports History

1922 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger

Music History

1923 Carlos Gardel applies for Argentine citizenship

  • 1925 American Negro Congress organizes
  • 1926 1st transatlantic telephone call (London-NY)
  • 1927 Earthquake measuring 8 on Richter scale strikes Tango, Japan

Historic Event

1929 First nonstop flight made from America to Asia across the Bering Strait (Nome to North Cape) by Noel Wien and Calvin Cripe for Wien Air Alaska

  • 1930 Georgetown High of Chicago defeats Homer 1-0 in basketball
  • 1930 NY Times agrees to capitalize the n in "Negro"
  • 1932 Riots at Ford factory in Dearborn, Michigan, 4 killed
  • 1935 Saar incorporated into Germany
  • 1935 Malcolm Campbell sets world land speed record speed of 276.71 mph driving his famous Blue Bird car; last record set at Daytona Beach, Florida

Treaty of Interest

1936 Adolf Hitler breaks the Treaty of Versailles by sending troops into the Rhineland

  • 1937 Bucharin, Jagoda & Rykov pushed out of CPSU in USSR
  • 1939 Glamour magazine begins publishing
  • 1939 Guy Lombardo & Royal Canadians 1st record "Auld Lang Syne"
  • 1940 Montreal Canadiens lose record tying NHL 15th straight game at home

Sports History

1940 Ray Steele beats B Nagurski in St Louis, to become wrestling champ

  • 1941 3rd largest snowfall then in NYC history (18.1")
  • 1941 50,000 British soldiers land in Greece during WWII
  • 1941 British troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • 1942 15 Mk-VB Spitfires reach Malta
  • 1942 1st cadets graduated from flying school at Tuskegee, Alabama

Historic Event

1943 US General George S. Patton arrives in Djebel Kouif, Tunisia

  • 1944 Japan begins offensive in Burma
  • 1945 Attack on car of Netherlands SS Police Chief Hans Rauter by Dutch resistance, Rauter injured
  • 1945 Cologne taken by allied armies
  • 1945 US 9th Armoured Division attacks Remagen Germany, crosses Rhine

Historic Event

1945 Yugoslavia government of Josep Broz Tito forms

  • 1946 "Three to Make Ready" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 323 performances
  • 1946 Max Frisch' play "Santa Cruz" premieres in Zurich

Bikini Atoll is Evacuated

1946 Bikini Atoll islanders are evacuated by the US government to make way for a nuclear testing site

  • 1947 The Kuomintang and Communist Party of China resume full-fledged Civil War.
  • 1948 The Dodecanese islands officially become part of Greece again, ending Italian rule
  • 1950 Ice Pairs Championship at London won by K Kennedy & P Kennedy (USA)
  • 1950 Ladies' Figure Skating Championship in London won by Alena Vrzanova CZE
  • 1950 Men's Figure Skating World Championship in London won by Dick Button (USA)

Boxing Title Fight

1951 Ezzard Charles beats Jersey Joe Walcott in 15 for 2nd time to win National Boxing Association world heavyweight title

Theater Premiere

1951 Lillian Hellman's play "Autumn Garden" premieres on Broadway in NYC

  • 1953 Jackie McGlew scores 255* for South Africa v NZ at Wellington
  • 1954 Russia wins their 1st international ice hockey competition

Emmy Awards

1955 7th Emmy Awards: "Make Room for Daddy", Danny Thomas & Loretta Young win

  • 1955 Baseball Commissioner Ford Frick says he favors legalization of spitter

Television Debut

1955 Musical "Peter Pan", starring Mary Martin broadcast live on NBC as part of "Producers' Showcase" series; attracts a then record 65 million viewers

  • 1958 Chicago Cardinals announce they will play their 1958 opener in Buffalo
  • 1959 "Bells Are Ringing" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 925 performances
  • 1959 1st aviator to fly a million miles (1.61 M km) in a jet (MC Garlow)
  • 1959 West Indies all out 76 v Pakistan at Dacca, Fazal Mahmood 6-34
  • 1959 6th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: NC State beats North Carolina, 80-56
  • 1960 Dutch Builders strike for CLA
  • 1962 The Beatles made their broadcasting debut on BBC radio
  • 1962 Launch of OSO 1, 1st astronomy satellite (solar flare data)
  • 1962 Ground-breaking report "Smoking and Health" published by the British Royal College of Physicians, first major report to warn of the dangers of smoking

Music History

1963 John Coltrane and Johnny Hartman recorded their self-titled album "John Coltrane and Johnny Hartman" at Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey

  • 1964 11th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Duke beats Wake Forest, 80-59

Historic Event

1965 Alabama state troopers and 600 black protesters clash in Selma during "Bloody Sunday", protesters, including future congressman John Lewis beaten and hospitalized

  • 1965 Bruce Taylor takes 5-86 in debut innings for NZ after ton
  • 1965 Christian-democrats win parliament in Chile
  • 1966 "Wait A Minim!" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 457 performances
  • 1966 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 Clark Gesner's musical "You're a Good Man" premieres in NYC
  • 1967 Teamster president Jimmy Hoffa begins 8-year jail sentence for defrauding the union & jury tampering (commuted Dec 23, 1971)
  • 1968 The BBC broadcasts the news for the first time in color on television
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1970 Ice Dance Championship at Ljubljana won by Pakhomova & Gorshkov (URS)
  • 1970 Ice Pairs Championship at Ljubljana won by Rodnina & Ulanov (URS)
  • 1970 Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Ljubljana won by Gabriele Seyfert (GDR)
  • 1970 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Ljubljana won by Tim Wood (USA)
  • 1970 WXOW TV channel 19 in La Crosse, WI (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1970 17th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: NC State beats South Carolina, 42-39 (2 OT)
  • 1971 Egypt refuses to renew the Suez cease fire
  • 1972 “The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face” single written by Ewan MacColl, released by Roberta Flack (Billboard Song of the Year 1972)
  • 1973 Comet (Lubos) Kohoutek discovered at Hamburg Observatory

Election of Interest

1973 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's Awami League wins election in Bangladesh

  • 1974 "USS Monitor", Union Ship sunk in 1862 during US Civil War, restored at Cape Hatteras
  • 1974 1st general strike in Ethiopia
  • 1975 US Senate revises filibuster rule, allows 60 senators to limit debate
  • 1975 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1975 "Mirror", Russian film directed by Andrei Tarkovsky, starring Margarita Terekhova and Ignat Daniltsev, is released

Album Release

1975 RCA releases "Young Americans", David Bowie's 9th studio album, recorded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and New York City; featuring appearances by John Lennon on two tracks, it peaks in the U.S. charts at No. 9, and No. 2 in the U.K.

  • 1976 Morocco & Mauretania break diplomatic relations with Algeria
  • 1977 Ali Bhutto's Pakistan People's Party wins elections
  • 1978 Belgian baron Charles Bracht kidnapped
  • 1978 Canuck's Ron Sedlbauer fails on 5th penalty shot against Islanders
  • 1978 Dutch 2nd Chamber votes against neutron bomb
  • 1979 Baseball exhibition season opens with semi-pro & amateur umpires
  • 1979 Warren Giles and Hack Wilson selected for the Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1981 Michael Stewart's musical "Bring Back Birdie" closes at Martin Beck Theater, NYC, after 4 performances
  • 1981 1st homicide at Disneyland, 18 year old is stabbed to death
  • 1981 28th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: North Carolina beats Maryland, 61-60
  • 1981 22nd SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Ole Miss beats Georgia, 66-62
  • 1982 Jarmilla Kratochvilova run world record 400 m indoor (49.59 sec)
  • 1982 NCAA Tournament Selection televised live for 1st time
  • 1982 29th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: North Carolina beats Virginia, 47-45
  • 1983 TNN (The Nashville Network) begins on Cable TV
  • 1984 The United States attacks San Juan del Sur in Nicaragua.
  • 1985 IBM-PC DOS Version 3.1 (update) released
  • 1986 South-Africa emergency crisis in Brabant & Limburg ends

NHL Record

1986 Wayne Gretzky breaks own NHL season record with 136th assist

  • 1987 Gavaskar becomes 1st cricket batsman to score 10,000 Test runs

Boxing Title Fight

1987 Mike Tyson beats James 'Bonecrusher' Smith by unanimous decision in 12 rounds in Las Vegas for WBC / WBA heavyweight boxing titles

Historic Event

1988 Howard Stern's 1st pay-per-view "Underpants & Negligee Party"

  • 1988 Jim Abbott, 1-handed pitcher, wins 58th James E Sullivan Award
  • 1988 Colombia becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty

Historic Event

1989 Iran drops diplomatic relations with Britain over Salman Rushdie's book "Satanic Verses"

  • 1989 Partial eclipse of the Sun (Hawaii, NW North America, Greenland)

Sports History

1989 Dino Ciccarelli is traded by the Minnesota North Stars to the Washington Capitals

  • 1990 3 passengers killed & 162 injured as subway train derails (Philadelphia)
  • 1990 Wayne Huizenga buys ½ of Joe Robbie Stadium and 15% of Dolphins for $30m
  • 1991 Iraq continues to explode oil fields in Kuwait
  • 1992 Nicole Stevenson swims world record 200m backstroke (2:06.78)
  • 1992 England routs Wales, 24-0 at Twickenham for it's 2nd straight outright Five Nations Rugby Championship, Grand Slam and Triple Crown titles; fullback Jonathan Webb 2 penalties and 3 conversions
  • 1993 Diff'rent Strokes actor Todd Bridges arrested for stabbing a tenant
  • 1994 8th American Comedy Award: Carrot Top
  • 1994 Charles Taylor resigns as President of Liberia
  • 1994 US Navy issues 1st permanent order assigning women on combat ship

Historic Event

1994 ANC chief Nelson Mandela rejects demand by white right-wingers for separate homeland in South Africa

  • 1994 The United States Supreme Court rules in Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc.that parodies of an original work are generally covered by the doctrine of fair use.
  • 1995 US dollar worth record 1.5330 Dutch guilders
  • 1995 NY becomes 38th state to have the death penalty
  • 1996 1st surface photos of Pluto (photographed by Hubble Space Telescope)
  • 1996 British Steel in Workington wins Lithuanian multi-million pound order

Sports History

1996 Magic Johnson is 2nd NBA player to reach 10,000 career assists

  • 1996 The first democratically elected Palestinian parliament formed
  • 1997 Athens, Buenos Aires, Cape Town, Rome & Stockholm are finalists for 2004 Olympics site
  • 1997 5 sue Japanese PM Ryutaro Hashimoto, because his smoking has violated the country's constitution guaranteeing a wholesome life
  • 1998 19th Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: Connecticut beats Syracuse, 69-64
  • 1999 46th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: #1 Duke beats #15 North Carolina, 96-73
  • 1999 40th SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Kentucky beats Arkansas, 76-63
  • 2004 New Democracy wins the national elections in Greece.
  • 2005 Mass protest outside the National Assembly of Kuwait building for women's voting rights in Kuwait.
  • 2007 British House of Commons votes to make the upper chamber, the House of Lords, 100% elected

Sports History

2009 Despite only being 17 years old, Brazilian soccer star Neymar makes his professional debut for Santos

Film & TV History

2011 Charlie Sheen is fired from the CBS sitcom "Two and a Half Men"

  • 2011 "Crazy Girl" single released by Eli Young Band (ACM Awards Song of the Year 2012, Billboard Song of the Year 2011)
  • 2013 Hilary Mantel is awarded the 2013 David Cohen Prize for literature
  • 2013 UN Security Council approves further North Korean sanctions for its nuclear testing
  • 2015 54 people are killed & 143 are wounded by 5 Boko Haram suicide bombings in Maiduguri city, Nigeria

Sports History

2016 Peyton Manning announces his retirement from the Denver Broncos and the NFL

Sports History

2016 Russian tennis star Maria Sharapova reveals failed drug test for meldonium at Australian Open in January, subsequently suspended for 15 months