On This Day

Historical Events on March 9

  • 141 BC Liu Che, posthumously known as Emperor Wu of Han, assumes the throne of the Han Dynasty in China and rules for 54 years
  • 590 Bahram Chobin is crowned as King Barham VI of Persia.
  • 1009 First known written mention of Lithuania, in the annals of Quedlinburg
  • 1230 Bulgarian Tsar Ivan Asen II defeats Theodore of Epirus near the village of Klokotnitsa
  • 1276 Augsburg becomes an Imperial Free City
  • 1496 Jews are expelled from Carintha, Austria

Historic Event

1497 Nicolaus Copernicus' 1st recorded astronomical observation

Historic Expedition

1500 Pedro Álvares Cabral departs Lisbon, Portugal at the head of a 13 ship expedition to India that will also claim Brazil for Portugal

The Protestant Reformation

1522 Martin Luther begins preaching his "Invocavit Sermons" in the German city of Wittenberg, reminding citizens to trust God's word rather than violence and thus helping bring to a close the revolutionary stage of the Reformation

  • 1551 Emperor Karel appoints son Philip as heir to the throne
  • 1562 Kissing in public banned in Naples (punishable by death)
  • 1566 David Rizzio, the private secretary to Mary I of Scotland, is murdered in the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1617 Sweden & Russia sign Peace of Stolbowa
  • 1640 Pierre Corneilles "Horace" premieres in Paris
  • 1642 English Queen Henriette Maria arrives in Hellevoetsluis, Netherlands
  • 1689 Thomas Shadwell appointed second English Poet Laureate by William and Mary after John Dryden refuses to swear The Oath allegiance
  • 1701 France, Cologne & Bavaria sign alliance
  • 1721 British Chancellor Exchequer John Aislabie confined in London Tower
  • 1741 British fleet under admiral Ogle begins assault on Cartagena
  • 1745 Bells for 1st American carillon shipped from England to Boston [1]

Murder of Interest

1765 After a public campaign by the writer Voltaire, judges in Paris posthumously exonerate Jean Calas of murdering his son. Calas had been tortured and executed in 1762 on the charge, though his son had actually committed suicide.

Historic Publication

1776 Adam Smith publishes the influential economics book "The Wealth of Nations"

  • 1798 Dr George Balfour becomes 1st naval surgeon in the US Navy
  • 1804 Georges Cadoudal, Breton royalist who plotted to overthrow Napoleon in the Pichegru Conspiracy, arrested
  • 1820 -11) Philippines chases out foreigners; about 125 die
  • 1822 Charles Graham of NY granted first US patent for artificial teeth
  • 1834 French Foreign Legion is founded
  • 1839 Prussian government limits work week for children to 51 hours
  • 1841 US Supreme Court rules the kidnapped slaves from the Spanish schooner the Amistad are free

Music Premiere

1842 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Nabucco" premieres in Milan

  • 1844 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Hernani" premieres in Venice
  • 1849 Carl Nikolais opera "Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor" premieres
  • 1856 Sigma Alpha Epsilon is founded in the Johnston Mansion House on the University of Alabama
  • 1858 Albert Potts of Philadelphia patents the street mailbox
  • 1860 1st Japanese ambassador arrives in San Francisco en route to Washington
  • 1861 Us Confederate currency authorized - $50, $100, $500, $1,000
  • 1862 USS Monitor and CSS Merrimack battle in Hampton Roads

Appointment of Interest

1864 Ulysses S. Grant is appointed commander of Union Army

  • 1864 26th Grand National: George Stevens wins his 3rd GN aboard 10/1 Emblematic; winning mare's full sister Emblem the race winner the previous year
  • 1868 The opera "Hamlet" by Ambroise Thomas premieres in Paris
  • 1870 32nd Grand National: George Stevens wins consecutive GN's aboard 7/2 favourite The Colonel; his 5th and final GN victory
  • 1889 Battle at Gallabat (Metema): Mahdi's beat Abyssinian emperor John IV
  • 1889 Kansas passes 1st general antitrust law in US

Great Blizzard of 1891

1891 Great Blizzard of 1891 begins in England and lasts until March 13; Kills 200 people and 6,000 animals

  • 1895 Stanley Cup, Victoria Rink, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Victorias clinches trophy as Montreal HC beats Queens University (Kingston, Ontario), 5-1
  • 1897 Premiere of (parts of) Gustav Mahler's 3rd Symphony (Berlin)
  • 1897 MLB Cleveland Spiders sign Louis Sockalexis, full-blooded Penobscot
  • 1897 Cleveland Indians fans start calling the team "Indians" (in 1915 becomes official)

Beatification

1898 Peter of Tarantaise (Pope Innocent V) beatified as a saint in the Catholic Church by Pope Leo XIII 9 March 1898

  • 1904 Brandon's Lester Patrick becomes 1st hockey defenseman to score a goal
  • 1907 1st involuntary sterilization law enacted, Indiana
  • 1907 Lady Gregory's "Rising of the Moon" premieres in Dublin
  • 1908 Italian football club Inter Milan founded as Foot-Ball Club Internazionale
  • 1914 Henry Colijn appointed as director of Bataafsche Petroleum Co

Historic Event

1914 US Senator albert fall (Teapot Dome) demands "Cubanisation of Mexico"

  • 1916 Mexican General Francisco "Pancho" Villa invades US (18 killed)
  • 1916 Germany declares war against Portugal
  • 1918 Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party
  • 1918 Ukrainian mobs massacre Jews of Seredino Buda
  • 1918 Wageningen Agricultural College Netherlands opens

Historic Event

1922 Eugene O'Neill's "Hairy Ape" premieres in NYC

  • 1922 KJR-AM in Seattle Washington begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Amsterdam taxi strike ends

Historic Event

1923 Elmer Rice's "Adding Machine" premieres in NYC

  • 1923 NHL Championship: Montreal Canadiens outscore Ottawa Senators, 3-2, in 2
  • 1924 South Slavia aproves Italy's annexation of Fiume (Rijeka)
  • 1925 Pink's War, the first RAF operation conducted independently of the Army or Navy, begins
  • 1926 Bertha Landes elected 1st woman mayor of Seattle
  • 1929 Marcel Pagnol's "Marius" premieres in Paris
  • 1930 Kurt Weill and Bertolt Brecht's satirical opera "The Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny" premieres in Leipzig, Germany

Historic Event

1932 Eamon De Valera becomes President of Ireland

  • 1932 Former Chinese emperor Henry Pu-Yi installed as head of Manchuria
  • 1933 Bulgarian communists Dimitrov, Popov & Vassili arrested in Berlin

Historic Event

1933 US Congress is called into special session by FDR, beginning its "100 days"

Historic Event

1935 Adolf Hitler publicly announces the creation of a new air force, the Luftwaffe

Sports History

1936 Babe Ruth turns down Reds to make a comeback as a player

  • 1942 Construction of the Alaska Highway begins
  • 1943 Delft opposition group-Pahud de Mortanges overthrown
  • 1943 Greek Jews of Salonika are transported to Nazi extermination camps
  • 1945 Japanese proclaim "independence" of Indo-China
  • 1946 Dutch troops land at Batavia/Semarang

Sports History

1946 Ted Williams is offered $500,000 to play in Mexican Baseball League, he refuses

  • 1947 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • 1947 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • 1948 Provisionary Indonesian government installed in Batavia
  • 1949 Brigadier General Edwin K Wright, USA, ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1949 England beat South Africa by scoring 174 runs in 94 minutes

Historic Event

1950 Willie Sutton robs Manufacturers Bank of $64,000 in NYC

Historic Event

1951 Edward Teller and Stanislaw Ulam submit a classified paper at the Los Alamos lab, in which they proposed their revolutionary new design, staged implosion, for a practical megaton-range hydrogen bomb

  • 1952 Heinz Neuhaus wins Europe Heavyweight Boxing title

Historic Event

1953 Joseph Stalin's funeral is held in Moscow after four days of national mourning

  • 1954 1st local color TV commercial WNBT-TV (WNBC-TV) NYC (Castro Decorators)

Historic Event

1954 Edward R Murrow criticizes Sen Joseph McCarthy (See it Now)

  • 1954 WMUR TV channel 9 in Manchester, NH (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus arrested & exiled to Seychelles
  • 1956 Weather forecasting phone line set up in London England
  • 1957 8.1 earthquake shakes Andreanof Islands, Alaska
  • 1957 4th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: North Carolina beats South Carolina, 95-75
  • 1958 Detroit Pistons forward George Yardley III scores 26 points in 111-90 defeat to Syracuse Nationals; 1st NBA player to score 2,000 points in a season
  • 1959 The Coasters' single "Charlie Brown" peaks at #2 on the Billboard Top 100
  • 1959 "Juno" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 16 performances
  • 1959 1st known radar contact is made with Venus
  • 1959 Barbie makes her debut at the American Toy Fair in New York. Over a billion have been sold worldwide since.

Space Dog Laika Launched to her Death

1961 Soviet flight Sputnik 9 carries and returns from orbit a dog named Chernushka (Blackie), frogs and a guinea pig

  • 1961 Mine cave-in in Japan, kills 72

Music Single

1961 The Supremes release singles "I Want A Guy" and "Never Again"

Sports History

1961 Philadelphia Warriors center Wilt Chamberlain scores 67 points in 135-126 win over NY Knicks at Philadelphia Civic Center

Historic Event

1962 Egyptian President Nasser declares Gaza belongs to Palestinians

  • 1962 US advisors in South-Vietnam join the fight
  • 1963 Beatles began 1st British tour, supporting Tommy Roe & Chris Montez
  • 1964 1st Ford Mustang produced
  • 1964 Creighton's Paul Silas grabs Midwest record 27 rebounds against Okla
  • 1964 Supreme Court issues NY Times vs Sullivan decision, public officials must prove malice to claim libel & recover damages
  • 1966 Andrew Brimmer becomes 1st black governor of Federal Reserve Board
  • 1968 10th Grammy Awards: Up Up & Away, Sgt Pepper's wins 4
  • 1968 15th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: North Carolina beats NC State, 87-50
  • 1971 J M Noreiga takes 9-95 WI v India at Port-of-Spain
  • 1971 Three off-duty Scottish soldiers are killed by the Provisional Irish Republican Army; 4000 shipyard workers take to the streets to demand internment in response
  • 1972 Players on White Sox vote 31-0 in favor of a strike, if necessary
  • 1972 Four members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) die in a premature explosion at a house in Clonard Street, Lower Falls, Belfast
  • 1974 Last Japanese soldier, a guerrilla operating in the Philippines, surrenders, 29 years after World War II ended
  • 1974 21st ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: NC State beats Maryland, 103-100 (OT)
  • 1975 "Lieutenant" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 9 performances
  • 1975 Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System begins.
  • 1977 Hanafi Muslims invade 3 buildings in Washington, D.C., siege ended Mar 11th
  • 1977 Adm Stansfield Turner, USN (Ret), becomes 12th director of CIA replacing acting director Knoche
  • 1978 Ice Dance Championship at Ottawa Canada won by Linichuk & Karponosov
  • 1978 Ice Pairs Championship at Ottawa won by Rodnina & Zaitsev (Soviet Union)
  • 1978 Ladies Figure Skating Champions in Ottawa won by Anett Pötzsch (East Germany)
  • 1978 Men's Figure Skating Champions in Ottawa won by Charles Tickner (USA)

Sports History

1979 MLB Commissioner Bowie Kuhn orders baseball to give equal access to female reporters

  • 1979 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1979 "The Passage", directed by J. Lee Thompson and starring Anthony Quinn, is released in the United States
  • 1980 Flemish and Walloon battle in Belgium, 40 injured
  • 1981 Dan Rather becomes primary anchorman of CBS-TV News

Film and TV Awards

1981 7th People's Choice Awards: Clint Eastwood, Jane Fonda & Goldie Hawn win (Motion Picture) and Alan Alda & Carol Burnett win (TV)

  • 1983 Caryl Churchill's "Fen" premieres in London
  • 1983 Zimbabwe opposition leader Joshua Nkomo flees to Botswana
  • 1984 Emile Gumbs' Anguilla National Alliance wins elections

Music Single

1984 John Lennon single "Borrowed Time" released posthumously

  • 1984 Philadelphia 76'ers block 20 Seattle shots tying NBA regulation game record
  • 1984 Tim Witherspoon beats Greg Page in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1984 The Competitive Enterprise Institute is founded in Washington, D.C.
  • 1985 Ladies' Figure Skating Championship in Tokyo won by Katarina Witt (East Germany)
  • 1985 26th SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Auburn beats Alabama, 53-49
  • 1986 16th Easter Seal Telethon raises $30,100,000
  • 1986 NASA announces searchers found remains of Challenger astronauts
  • 1986 Soviet probe Vega 2 flies by Halley's Comet at 8,030 km
  • 1986 33rd ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Duke beats Georgia Tech, 68-67
  • 1987 Chrysler Corp offered to buy American Motors Corp for $1 billion

Album Release

1987 U2 release their fifth album "The Joshua Tree" (Grammy for Best Album 1988)

Historic Event

1988 President Reagan presides at unveiling of Knute Rockne stamp

Appointment of Interest

1988 Actress Audrey Hepburn is appointed a UNICEF Special Ambassador (Goodwill Ambassador 1989)

  • 1989 Eastern Airlines files for bankruptcy
  • 1989 Roger Kingdom runs world record 60m hurdles indoor (7.36 sec)

Historic Event

1989 US Senate rejects President George H. W. Bush's nomination of John Tower as Defense Secretary

  • 1989 Soviet Union officially submits to jurisdiction of the World Court
  • 1989 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1990 Dr Antonia Novello sworn-in as 1st Hispanic and female US Surgeon General
  • 1991 "Les Miserables" opens at Lyric Theatre, Brisbane
  • 1991 5th American Comedy Award: Dennis Wolfberg
  • 1991 Joe Dumaars (Detroit) begins NBA free throw streak of 62 games
  • 1991 US 70th manned space mission STS 39 (Discovery 12) launches into orbit
  • 1993 Pittsburgh Penguins begin NHL record 17 game winning streak
  • 1994 IRA launch 1st of 3 mortar attacks on London's Heathrow Airport
  • 1995 Baseball awards a franchise to Tampa Bay Devil Rays
  • 1995 Mexican peso worth 7.55 pesos to a dollar (record)
  • 1995 President Konstantine Karamanlis (88) of Greece, resigns
  • 1996 Javed Miandad's last international in Pakistan's Cricket World Cup Quater Final loss to India

Sports History

1996 Sri Lanka's Sanath Jayasuriya hammers 82 off 44 balls (13x4 3x6) v England in Cricket World Cup Quarter Final

  • 1996 NASA space shuttle STS-75 (Columbia 19) lands
  • 1997 44th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: #5 North Carolina beats NC State, 64-54
  • 1997 38th SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Kentucky beats Georgia, 95-68

Music History

1998 Dr. Dre's Aftermath Entertainment signs then unknown rapper Eminem

Sports History

2002 Joe Sakic plays his 1,000th career game

Television Premiere

2002 Financial advice TV show The Suze Orman Show" starring Suze Orman premieres on CNBC

  • 2006 Liquid water is discovered on Enceladus, the sixth largest moon of Saturn
  • 2007 The US Justice Department releases an internal audit that found that the Federal Bureau of Investigation had acted illegally in its use of the USA Patriot Act to secretly obtain personal information about US citizens
  • 2011 Space Shuttle Discovery makes its final landing after 39 flights
  • 2012 Senior members of hacking group Lulz Sec are arrested, including one member of the FBI, in the United States, United Kingdom and Ireland

Sports History

2012 Indian batsman Rahul Dravid announces his retirement from Test and domestic cricket

  • 2013 19 people are killed in two suicide bombings in Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 2013 Asteroid 2013 ET comes within 960,000 km from the Earth’s surface
  • 2013 Bernard Hopkins defeats Tavoris Cloud to win IBF light heavyweight title

Historic Event

2015 US President Barack Obama signs an executive order declaring Venezuela a national security threat to the US

  • 2016 Eighth Democratic presidential candidates debate hosted by Univision and the Washington Post and held in Miami, Florida
  • 2016 EU Migrant Crisis: Macedonia, Croatia and Slovenia close their borders to migrants trying to reach Northern Europe

COVID-19

2020 Italy announces it is locking down the whole country due to a spike in COVID-19 cases with 10,040 cases and 630 deaths

  • 2020 National one-day women's strike held in Mexico to protest high rates of femicide (more than 10 women murdered every day)

Film & TV History

2021 UK TV host Piers Morgan leaves ITV's "Good Morning" after 41,000 complaints made about him saying he did not believe Meghan, Duchess of Sussex's statement about her mental health

  • 2021 Brazil records its highest daily COVID-19 death toll to date of 1,972 deaths with 168,370 deaths overall

Historic Event

2021 Queen Elizabeth II publicly expresses "concern" after Harry and Meghan, Duke and Duchess of Sussex interview, saying allegations including of racism with be dealt with privately

  • 2021 China and Russia agree to build a research station on or around the Moon and collaborate on lunar missions, in move that could start another space race