On This Day

Historical Events on May 14

  • 649 Theodore I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1027 Robert II of France names his son Henry I as junior King of the Franks
  • 1264 Battle of Lewes, 2nd Barons' War: Simon de Montfort the younger, Earl of Leicester, defeats English King Henry III

Royal Coronation

1483 Coronation of Charles VIII of France ("Charles the Affable")

Victory in Battle

1509 Battle of Agnadello, French forces under Louis XII defeat the Venetians in Northern Italy

  • 1576 Dutch Council of State replaced by Council of Beroerten
  • 1607 English colonists establish the 1st permanent English settlement in America at Jamestown. Unknown to them they have landed amidst the worst drought in 800 years.
  • 1608 The Protestant Union is founded in Auhausen.

Assassination

1610 Henry IV of France is assassinated by fanatical Catholic François Ravaillac who stabs him to death in the streets of Paris

  • 1638 Admiral Adam Westerwolt conquers Batticaloa, Ceylon

Historic Event

1643 Louis XIV becomes King of France aged 4

  • 1664 Turkish Grand Vizier Köprülü Fazıl Ahmed attacks 120,000 Donau soldiers
  • 1702 England & Netherlands declare war on France & Spain

Historic Event

1702 Swedish troops under King Charles XII occupy Warsaw

  • 1747 A British fleet under Admiral George Anson defeats the French at first battle of Cape Finisterre.
  • 1767 British government disbands Americans import duty on tea

Historic Event

1796 English country doctor Edward Jenner administers his revolutionary cowpox-based vaccine for smallpox, in Berkeley, Gloucestershire

  • 1800 Friedrich von Schiller's "Macbeth" premieres in Weimar
  • 1811 Paraguay gains independence from Spain (National Day)

Music Concert

1832 Felix Mendelssohn's concert overture "Hebrides" premieres in London

  • 1842 Illustrated London News; the world's first illustrated weekly newspaper, begins publication
  • 1845 Utrecht-Arnhem Railway opens

Historic Invention

1853 Gail Borden, land surveyor, newspaper publisher and inventor, patents his process for condensed milk

  • 1861 The Canellas meteorite, an 859-gram chondrite-type meteorite, strikes the earth near Barcelona, Spain
  • 1862 Adolphe Nicole of Switzerland patents chronograph
  • 1863 American Civil War: The Battle of Jackson, Mississippi takes place
  • 1868 Japanese Boshin War: end of the Battle of Utsunomiya Castle, former Shogunate forces withdraw northward to Aizu by way of Nikkō
  • 1874 1st admission charge at a football game, Harvard beats Uni of McGill (Montreal) 3-0
  • 1878 Vaseline is granted a patent (U.S. Patent 127,568)
  • 1879 The first group of 463 Indian indentured labourers arrive in Fiji aboard the Leonidas
  • 1884 Anti-Monopoly party forms in US
  • 1885 11th Kentucky Derby: Babe Henderson aboard Joe Cotton wins in 2:37.25
  • 1886 12th Kentucky Derby: Paul Duffy aboard Ben Ali wins in 2:36.50
  • 1888 14th Kentucky Derby: George Covington aboard MacBeth II wins in 2:38.00
  • 1889 The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) is launched in London
  • 1890 16th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Riley wins in 2:45

Historic Event

1890 British sailor David Beatty is promoted to sub-lieutenant

  • 1894 Fire in Boston bleachers spreads to 170 adjoining buildings
  • 1896 Lowest US temperature in May recorded (-10°F /-23°C at Climax, Colorado)

Treaty of Interest

1897 Great Britain signs treaty with Emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia

  • 1897 Oldest continuously operating movie theater in the world, the State Theatre first opens in Washington, Iowa (Guinness World Records)

Music History

1902 Italian tenor Enrico Caruso makes his Covent Garden debut opposite Nellie Melba in Verdi's opera "Rigoletto" in London

Historic Event

1903 President Theodore Roosevelt visits San Francisco

  • 1906 Flagpole at the White Sox ballpark breaks during pennant-raising
  • 1907 Sweden adopts universal suffrage for elections to its lower house and proportional representation for both houses
  • 1908 1st passenger flight in an airplane
  • 1910 Canada authorizes issuing of silver dollar coins
  • 1913 Frans Hals museum opens in Haarlem, Netherlands

Baseball Record

1913 Washington Senator Walter Johnson ends MLB record scoreless streak at 56 innings

  • 1914 Chic Jim Scott no-hits Cleve, gives up 2 hits in 10th & loses 1-0
  • 1918 Sunday baseball is made legal in Washington, D.C.
  • 1919 44th Preakness: Johnny Loftus aboard Sir Barton wins in 1:53
  • 1919 Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical In hac tanta
  • 1920 Washington Senator Walter Johnson wins his 300th game vs Detroit
  • 1920 Giants inform Yankees that the lease allowing them to play in the Polo Grounds will not be renewed at end of 1920 season
  • 1921 Florence Allen is 1st woman judge to sentence a man to death in Ohio

Election of Interest

1921 Mussolini's fascists obtain 29 parliamentary seats in Italian elections

Historic Publication

1925 Virginia Woolf's novel "Mrs Dalloway" is published by The Hogarth Press

  • 1927 "Ain't She Sweet?" hits #1 on the singles chart by Ben Bernie
  • 1927 53rd Kentucky Derby: Linus McAtee aboard Whiskery wins in 2:06
  • 1927 Cap Arcona is launched at the Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg
  • 1927 The University of Chicago's local collegiate organization, Phi Sigma, becomes incorporated under Illinois law as Eta Sigma Phi, the National Honorary Classical Fraternity
  • 1928 John McGraw is knocked down by a taxicab & suffers a broken leg
  • 1931 Ådalen shootings: five people are killed in Ådalen, Sweden, as soldiers open fire on an unarmed trade union demonstration
  • 1932 "We Want Beer!" parade in NY
  • 1935 LA's Griffith Planetarium opens, 3rd in US
  • 1935 Plebiscite in the Philippines ratifies independence agreement
  • 1935 Northamptonshire County Cricket Club gains (over Somerset at Taunton by 48 runs) what proved to be their last victory for 99 matches, a record in the County Championship. Their next Championship win was not until May 29, 1939.
  • 1938 63rd Preakness: Maurice Peters aboard Dauber wins in 1:59.8
  • 1938 England soccer team beats Nazi-Germany, 6-3

Film Release

1938 "The Adventures of Robin Hood", directed by Michael Curtiz, William Keighley and starring Errol Flynn and Olivia de Havilland is released

  • 1939 Lina Medina of Peru becomes the world's youngest confirmed mother in medical history at the age of five
  • 1940 British Local Defence Volunteers forms, an armed citizen militia designed to support the British Army during the Second World War. It is later renamed the Home Guard.
  • 1940 Admiral Johannes Furstner, Royal Dutch Navy, departs to England

Sports History

1940 Boston's Jimmie Foxx HR goes over Comiskey Park's left field roof

  • 1940 German breakthrough at Sedan
  • 1940 Lord Beaverbrook appointed British minister of aircraft production
  • 1940 Nazis bomb Rotterdam (600-900 dead), Netherlands surrenders to Germany
  • 1941 3,600 Parisian Jews arrested
  • 1942 US Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) forms
  • 1943 Sinking of the Australian Hospital Ship Centaur off the coast of Queensland, by a Japanese submarine
  • 1944 91 German bombers harass Bristol
  • 1944 British troops occupy Kohima

Assassination Attempt

1944 General Rommel, Speidel & von Stulpnagel attempt to assassinate Hitler

  • 1945 Kamikaze Zero strikes US aircraft carrier Enterprise
  • 1945 US offensive on Okinawa, Sugar Loaf conquered

Historic Event

1945 Physician Joseph G. Hamilton injects misdiagnosed cancer patient Albert Stevens (CAL-1) with 131 kBq (3.55 µCi) of plutonium without his knowledge. Stevens lives another 20 years, surviving the highest known accumulated radiation dose in any human

Music History

1946 Paul Hindemith's "For Those We Love" premieres

  • 1948 Israeli Radio Station Kol Yisrael's 1st broadcast
  • 1948 Jordan's Arab League captures Atarot, north of Jerusalem
  • 1948 US grants Israel de facto recognition
  • 1948 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1948 WBEN (now WIVB) TV channel 4 in Buffalo, NY (CBS) begins broadcasting

Historic Event

1948 Golda Meir (Meyerson) is one of the signatories of Israel’s independence declaration

  • 1949 "Love Life" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 252 performances
  • 1949 74th Preakness: Ted Atkinson aboard Capot wins in 1:56

Historic Invention

1949 US President Harry Truman signs bill establishing a rocket test range at Cape Canaveral

  • 1950 Pitts Johnny Hopp goes 6 for 6 including 2 HRs
  • 1951 Sammy Fain and Yip Harburg's musical "Flahooley" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 40 performances
  • 1951 Ernie Kovacs Show, TV Variety debut on NBC
  • 1954 Belgium shortens military conscription from 20 to 18 months
  • 1955 US performs nuclear test at Pacific Ocean
  • 1955 Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania
  • 1957 Bob Merrill's musical "New Girl in Town" opens at 46th St Theater, NYC; runs for 432 performances
  • 1960 "At the Drop of a Hat" closes at John Golden NYC after 216 performances
  • 1960 USSR launch 1st (unmanned) space capsule
  • 1960 Virgil Thomson's "Missa Pro Defunctis" premieres in Potsdam, NY
  • 1961 Bus with 1st group of Freedom Riders bombed & burned in Alabama

Sports History

1961 Stirling Moss wins the 1961 Monaco Grand Prix

Historic Event

1962 Ex-president of Yugoslavia Milovan Djilas sentenced to 5 years in jail

  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1962 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan elected second President of India
  • 1963 Kuwait is 111th member of the United Nations
  • 1964 17th Cannes Film Festival: "The Umbrellas of Cherbourg" directed by Jacques Demy wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film
  • 1965 2nd Chinese atom bomb explodes
  • 1965 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1966 1st reported monitoring of pirate radio station WBBH (NJ)
  • 1966 A Lover's Concerto by Mrs Miller hits #95

Sports History

1967 NY Yankee Mickey Mantle hits career HR #500 off Baltimore Oriole's Stu Miller

  • 1968 Beatles announce formation of Apple Corp

Historic Event

1968 Czech government announces liberalizing reforms under Alexander Dubček

Historic Event

1968 RAF-leader Andreas Baader sentenced to 3 years in West Berlin

  • 1969 Abortion & contraception legalized in Canada
  • 1969 Last Chevrolet Corvair built

Presidential Convention

1970 Harry Blackmun (61), nominated by Richard Nixon, earns seat on US Supreme Court after confirmation by US Senate, 94-0; serves until 1994

  • 1970 NYC local newspaper "Our Town" begins publishing
  • 1970 Militant leftist Red Army Faction leader Andreas Baader freed from prison after serving 2 years in West Berlin
  • 1972 24th Emmy Awards: "All in the Family", Carrol O'Conner & Jean Stapleton win

Baseball Record

1972 In Willie Mays' 1st game as New York Met, his homer beats San Francisco Giants, 5-4 (his former team of over 20 years), at Shea Stadium, New York

  • 1972 A 13 year old Catholic girl is shot dead by Loyalist paramilitaries in Ballymurphy, Belfast
  • 1973 Gold hits record $102.50 an ounce in London
  • 1973 Skylab launched, 1st Space Station
  • 1973 US Supreme court approves equal rights to females in military
  • 1973 French film "Day for Night" written and directed by François Truffaut, starring Jacqueline Bisset and Jean-Pierre Léaud premieres at Cannes (Academy Award Best Foreign Language Film)
  • 1974 Underground America Day is 1st observed to honor the 6,000 Americans that make their homes in the Earth
  • 1975 Dynamo Kyiv of the Soviet Union win 15th European Cup Winner's Cup over Ferencvár osi TC of Hungary 3-0
  • 1975 French press reports massive deportation from Cambodia
  • 1975 US forces raid Cambodian island of Koh Tang to free Mayaguez ship
  • 1975 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1975 Cult feminist film "Jeanne Dielman, 23 Quai du Commerce, 1080 Bruxelles" written and directed by Chantal Ackerman and starring Delphine Seyrig premieres at Cannes
  • 1976 Lowell Thomas ends 46 years as radio network reporter
  • 1976 Oil tanker Urqui Ola explodes off Spanish coast
  • 1977 English football international Bobby Moore retires
  • 1977 KC Royals Jim Colborn no-hits Texas Rangers, 6-0
  • 1977 Netherlands State Delta Kappa Gamma Society forms

Sports History

1977 Stanley Cup Final, Boston Garden, Boston, MA: Jacques Lemaire scores twice as Montreal Canadiens edge Boston Bruins, 2-1 in OT for a 4 game sweep and back-to-back titles

  • 1978 "Working" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 25 performances
  • 1978 First round of the presidential elections in Upper Volta
  • 1979 "Kids Are All Right" rockumentary film featuring The Who premieres at the Cannes Film Festival
  • 1979 "Stalker", Russian film directed by Andrei Tarkovsky, starring Alexander Kaidanovsky and Anatoli Solonitsyn, is released
  • 1980 "Musical Chairs" opens at Rialto Theater NYC for 15 performances
  • 1980 Department of Health & Human Services begins operation
  • 1980 Valencia of Spain wins 20th European Cup Winner's Cup against Arsenal of England 5-4 on penalties in Brussels
  • 1980 Bucky Dent hits an inside park HR, Royals walk 14 Yanks including 5 with bases loaded, Yanks win 16-3
  • 1981 35th NBA Championship: Bost Celtics beat Houston Rockets, 4 games to 2
  • 1981 NASA launches space vehicle S-192
  • 1982 Guinea adopts constitution
  • 1983 "She Blinded Me with Science" by Thomas Dolby hits #5
  • 1983 Rosa Mota runs female world record 20k (1:06:55.5)
  • 1984 19th Academy of Country Music Awards: Alabama, Lee Greenwood, and Janie Fricke win

Historic Publication

1986 Netherlands Institute for War Documentation publishes Anne Frank's complete diary

  • 1986 Pride of Baltimore lost at sea.
  • 1986 NHL Clarence Campbell Conference Final: Calgary Flames beat St. Louis Blues, 4 games to 3
  • 1987 "Little Shop of Horrors" is released in Germany
  • 1987 Colt revolver (Peacemaker) of 1873 sells for $242,000
  • 1987 NHL Prince of Wales Conference Final: Philadelphia Flyers beat Montreal Canadians, 4 games to 2
  • 1988 "Mail" closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 36 performances
  • 1988 1st non-pitcher (Jose Oquendo) in 20 years to get a decision in a baseball game, he & St Louis Cards lose to Braves 7-5 in 19 inn
  • 1988 Carrollton bus collision: a drunk driver going the wrong way on Interstate 71 near Carrollton, Kentucky, United States hits a converted school bus carrying a church youth group. The crash and ensuing fire kill 27.
  • 1988 NHL Prince of Wales Conference Final: Boston Bruins beat New Jersey Devils, 4 games to 3
  • 1989 1st Tour de Trump bicycle race run (Atlanta)

Sports History

1989 1st time since 1948 a player hit 6 consecutive doubles (Kirby Puckett)

  • 1989 Demonstration for democratic reforms in Beijing's Tiananmen square
  • 1989 Final TV episode of "Family Ties" airs on NBC with a 36 million audience
  • 1989 Moonlighting, TV Crime Drama last airs on ABC

Sports History

1990 46th time opposing pitchers hit HR, Fernando Valenzuela (Dodgers)/Gross (Expos)

  • 1990 Dow Jones average hits a record 2,821.53
  • 1991 42 die in a train collision in Japan
  • 1991 Robert M Gates becomes head of CIA
  • 1991 World's Largest Burrito created at 1,126 lbs

Historic Event

1991 Winnie Mandela sentenced to 6 years for complicity in kidnapping & beating of four youths, one of whom died, She is freed pending appeal

  • 1992 WIBC Bowling Queens won by Cindy Coburn-Carroll

Sports History

1994 Dave Winfield passes Frank Robinson for 12th on RBI list with 1,617

  • 1994 FA Cup Final: Manchester United defeat Chelsea 4-0 at Wembley Stadium, London
  • 1995 "My Thing of Love" closes at Beck Theater NYC after 16 performances

LPGA Championship

1995 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, DuPont CC: Kelly Robbins wins her only major title by 1 stroke from defending champion Laura Davies of England

Baseball Record

1995 Eddie Murray of Indians hits his 463rd career home run (ties for 18th)

Historic Event

1995 Dalai Lama proclaims 6-year-old Gedhun Choekyi Nyima 11th reincarnation of Panchen Lama, Tibet's 2nd most senior spiritual leader

  • 1995 At 43 years, 162 days Manchester City goalkeeper John Burridge becomes the oldest player to appear in an EPL match, a 3-2 home defeat to Queens Park Rangers

Sports History

1996 New York Yankees' controversial pitcher Dwight Gooden no-hits Seattle Mariners, 2-0 at Yankee Stadium

Sports History

1997 Baseball's Executive Council suspends NY Yankees owner George Steinbrenner for his suing other team owners

  • 1997 FC Barcelona of Spain win 37th European Cup Winner's Cup against Paris Saint-Germain of France 1-0 in Rotterdam

Television Finale

1998 Seinfeld's final 2-part episode "The Finale" airs on NBC-TV to 76.3M viewers with commercials priced at $2M for 30 seconds

  • 2000 46th British Academy Television Awards: "The League of Gentlemen" Best Comedy, "The Cops" Best Drama
  • 2000 "Yi Yi" Taiwanese film by Edward Yang debuts at Cannes
  • 2002 Ten members of the Darwin-based Network Against Prohibition invade the Legislative Assembly of the Northern Territory of Australia.