Historical Events on May 16

  • 955 Octavian, son of Duke Alberic II of Spoleto, elected Pope John XII
  • 1165 Ramjbam & his family reach Acre Palestine
  • 1204 Baldwin IX, Count of Flanders, is crowned as the first Emperor of the Latin Empire of Constantinople
  • 1220 English King Henry III lays the foundation stone for a new Lady Chapel, start of the rebuilding of Westminster Abbey, in London
  • 1527 Florence becomes a republic

Thomas More Resigns

1532 Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor of England

  • 1547 Protestant German monarch surrenders to Karel in Wittenberg

Mary Flees to England

1568 Defeated at the Battle of Langside, Mary Queen of Scots flees to England in the hope Elizabeth I will help her regain her throne who instead detains her at Carlisle Castle

Kepler Calculates his Conception

1571 German astronomer Johannes Kepler, by his own calculations, is conceived at 4:37 AM

  • 1584 7 Westfriese towns divide monasteries of Egmond, Blokker and St Pietersdal
  • 1605 Camillo Borghese elected to succeed Pope Leo XI, becomes Pope Paul V
  • 1606 2,000 foreigners murdered in Russia
  • 1648 Battle of Zhovti Vody: Ukrainian Cossacks, commanded by Bohdan Khmelnytsky and Crimean Tatars led by Tuhaj Bej, defeat Polish King John II Casimir, after 18 days of battle
  • 1747 William V Prince of Orange sworn in as Admiral-general of Netherlands

Johnson Meets Boswell

1763 Samuel Johnson 1st meets his future biographer James Boswell in London

  • 1771 The Battle of Alamance, a pre-American Revolutionary War battle between local militia and a group of rebels called "The Regulators", occurs in present-day Alamance County, North Carolina.
  • 1777 Button Gwinnett, Georgia delegate to US Continental Congress, and signer of the Declaration of Independence, wounded in a duel with political rival Lachlan McIntosh
  • 1792 Denmark abolishes slave trade
  • 1795 Hedges Treaty: Bataafse Republic becomes French vassal state
  • 1796 Lombardian Republic forms
  • 1811 Peninsular War: Allies defeat French at Albuera
  • 1815 The Governor of New South Wales, Lachlan Macquarie, officially names the town of Blackheath in the upper Blue Mountains
  • 1817 Mississippi River steamboat service begins
  • 1822 Greek War of Independence: Turks capture the Greek town of Souli

Republican Convention

1860 -18] Chicago: Republican convention selects Abraham Lincoln as candidate

  • 1861 Confederate government offers war volunteers $10 premium
  • 1861 Kentucky proclaims its neutrality
  • 1861 Major General Twiggs surrenders to Confederate Army in San Antonio, Texas (US Civil War)
  • 1862 Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir builds 1st automobile
  • 1863 Battle of Champion's Hill, Mississippi - bloodiest action of Vicksburg Campaign
  • 1864 Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Resaca, ends (since May 13)
  • 1864 Battle of Bermuda Hundred, Virginia
  • 1864 Last battles at Drewry's Bluff, Virginia (6,666 casualties)
  • 1866 US Congress authorizes the nickel 5 cent piece (replaces silver half-dime)
  • 1868 Bedřich Smetana's opera "Dalibor" premieres at the New Town Theatre in Prague

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson

1868 US Senate fails to impeach President Andrew Johnson by one vote

  • 1872 Metropolitan Gas Company lamps lit for 1st time
  • 1874 1st recorded dam disaster in US (Williamsburg, Massachusetts)
  • 1875 Eathquake in Venezuela & Colombia kills 16,000

Hires Root Beer

1876 Pharmacist Charles E. Hires presents "Hires Root Beer" at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [1] [2]

  • 1877 May 16, 1877 political crisis in France.
  • 1879 Antonín Dvořák's "Slavonic Dances" premieres
  • 1879 Treaty of Gandamak to set up Afghan state between Russia & English
  • 1881 World's 1st electric tram enters service in Lichterfelder (near Berlin)
  • 1882 8th Kentucky Derby: Babe Hurd aboard Apollo wins in 2:40.00
  • 1884 10th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Buchanan wins in 2:40.25
  • 1884 Italian inventor Angelo Moriondo receives patent for 1st espresso machine
  • 1888 CPR opens Hotel Vancouver, Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1891 George A. Hormel & Co establishes Geo. A.Hormel & Co. (Hormel Foods Corporation) in Austin, Minnesota
  • 1894 Fire in Boston destroys the South End Grounds baseball stadium and 200 other buildings
  • 1902 2 deaf-mutes face each other for 1st time as Dummy Hoy leads off for the Reds against Dummy Taylor of the Giants, Reds win 5-3
  • 1903 1st transcontinental motorcycle trip began in San Francisco by George A. Wyman (arrives in New York July 6)
  • 1907 In the Pact of Cartagena, Great Britain, France, and Spain agree to maintain the status quo in the Mediterranean and along the Atlantic coast of Europe and Africa
  • 1910 US Bureau of Mines forms
  • 1911 Remains of a neanderthal man found on Jersey, Channel Islands

Deutschland II Wrecked

1911 Zeppelin airship "Deutschland II" (LZ 8) is wrecked while leaving the balloon hangar at Dusseldorf

  • 1914 American Horseshoe Pitchers Association organizes in Kansas City
  • 1914 Ewing Field baseball park opens near Masonic Street, San Francisco. Relocated a year later.
  • 1916 41st Preakness Stakes: Hall of Fame jockey Linus McAtee aboard the J.K.L. Ross owned Damrosch wins in 1:54.80
  • 1918 The Sedition Act of 1918 is passed by the U.S. Congress, making criticism of the government an imprisonable offense.
  • 1920 Spanish matador Joselito (José Gómez Ortega) is fatally gored in his last bullfight, by "Bailador" the bull, in Talavera de la Reina, Spain
  • 1921 46th Preakness: F Coltiletti aboard Broomspun wins in 1:54.2
  • 1922 White Star Liner Majestic completes 5½ day maiden voyage, from Southampton, England to New York City
  • 1924 108°F (42°C) in Blitzen, Oregon

Kentucky Derby

1925 51st Kentucky Derby: Earl Sande aboard Flying Ebony wins in 2:07.6

  • 1927 NY Yankee Bob Meusel steals 2nd, 3rd & home
  • 1927 US Supreme Court ruled bootleggers must pay income tax
  • 1930 6th Walker Cup: US, 10-2
  • 1931 57th Kentucky Derby: Charley Kurtsinger on Twenty Grand wins 2:01.8
  • 1932 Yanks 4th straight shutout to equal record set by Cleveland & Boston
  • 1933 Cecil Travis becomes 1st player to get 5 hits in his 1st game
  • 1936 1st British air hostess Daphne Kearley flies to France
  • 1936 61st Preakness: George Woolf aboard Bold Venture wins in 1:59
  • 1938 1st animal breeding society forms (NJ)
  • 1938 38 die in Terminal Hotel fire (Atlanta Ga)

Cricket History

1938 Australian cricketer Donald Bradman scores 278 vs MCC in 349 mins with 35 fours and 1 six

  • 1939 1st AL night game, Philadelphia Shribe Park (Indians 8, Athletics 3 in 10)
  • 1939 US food stamps are 1st issued in Rochester, New York

Churchill Returns from Paris

1940 British Premier Winston Churchill returns to London from Paris

  • 1940 Nazis forbid non-professional auto workers
  • 1941 1st US radio performance of Robert Russell Bennett''s "Symphony in D for the Dodgers"
  • 1941 Italian army under Aosta surrenders to Britain at Amba Alagi, Ethiopia
  • 1941 Last great German air attack on Great Britain (Birmingham)
  • 1941 Nazis forbid Dutch Organization of Actors (NOT)
  • 1942 1st transport of British and Dutch prisoners to South Burma

Dambusters Raid

1943 Operation Chastise: No. 617 Squadron RAF begins the famous Dambusters Raid, bombing the Möhne and Eder dams in the Ruhr valley with bouncing bombs

Liquidation of the Warsaw Ghetto

1943 SS General Jürgen Stroop orders the burning of the Warsaw Ghetto, ending a month of Jewish resistance. 13,000 Jews have died, about half burnt alive or suffocated, German casualties less than 300

German History

1944 1st of 180,000+ Hungarian Jews reach Auschwitz

  • 1945 Violent battles around Sugar Loaf and Half Moon, Okinawa

Annie Get Your Gun

1946 Irving Berlin, Dorothy and Herbert Fields' musical "Annie Get Your Gun" starring Ethel Merman and featuring "There's No Business Like Show Business" opens at Imperial Theater, NYC

Music History

1947 Billie Holiday is arrested in her New York apartment for possession of narcotics

  • 1948 CBS news correspondent George Polk's body is found in Greece

President Chaim Weizmann

1948 Chaim Weizmann elected 1st President of Israel

  • 1948 Egyptians enter Gaza
  • 1948 First chess world championship since WWII; Russian player Mikhail Botvinnik wins a 5-player tournament to begin 20-year Russian domination
  • 1948 Israel issues its 1st postage stamps
  • 1951 The first regularly scheduled transatlantic flights begin between Idlewild Airport (New York International Airport) and Heathrow Airport (London), operated by El Al Israel Airlines
  • 1952 "New Faces of 1952" opens at Royale Theater, NYC; runs for 365 performances
  • 1953 Philadelphia Phillies Curt Simmons gives up a lead-off single, then retires next 27 in a row in 3-0 win over Braves at County Stadium in Milwaukee

Baseball History

1954 Ted Williams gets 8 hits in 1st game (DH) since breaking collarbone

  • 1954 WGAN (now WGME) TV channel 13 in Portland, ME (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • 1955 King Baudouin of Belgium visits Congo
  • 1955 Ray Lindwall scores his 2nd Test Cricket century 118 at Bridgetown

Marciano TKOs Cockell

1955 Rocky Marciano beats Don Cockell by TKO in the 9th round at Kezar Stadium, San Francisco to retain his world heavyweight boxing title

  • 1956 Egypt recognizes People's Republic of China
  • 1956 England cricket spin bowler Jim Laker takes 10-88 for Surrey v Australia in tour match at The Oval, London
  • 1956 Great Britain performs nuclear Test at Monte Bello Is Australia
  • 1956 Kraft Theater presents an act from "Profiles in Courage"

Copacabana Incident

1957 NY Yankee players including Mickey Mantle, Yogi Berra, Whitey Ford, and Hank Bauer are involved in a brawl at the Copacabana nightclub while watching Sammy Davis Jr. perform, leads to Billy Martin trade

Catholic Encyclical

1957 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Invicti Athletae

  • 1957 US launches its 3rd atomic submarine, USS Skate, at Groton, Connecticut
  • 1958 Eli Beeding experiences 83 g deceleration on a rocket sled, New Mexico
  • 1958 Major Irwin, USAF, flies a Lockheed Starfight F-104 A to a record 1,404.18 MPH
  • 1959 84th Preakness: William Harmatz aboard Royal Orbit wins in 1:57
  • 1959 WTOM TV channel 4 in Cheboygan, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1960 Big 4 summit in Paris collapses as USSR levels spy charges against US
  • 1960 Theodore Maiman operates the first optical laser, at Hughes Research Laboratories in Malibu, California

Emmy Awards

1961 13th Emmy Awards: Jack Benny Show, Raymond Burr & Barbara Stanwyck win

  • 1963 "Beast in Me" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 4 performances
  • 1963 Gordon Cooper completes 22 orbits in Faith 7, ends US Project Mercury
  • 1964 89th Preakness: Bill Hartack aboard Northern Dancer wins in 1:56.8
  • 1964 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1964 Verne Gagne beats Mad Dog Vachon in Omaha, to become NWA champ
  • 1965 "Roar of the Greasepaint" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 232 performances
  • 1965 18th Cannes Film Festival: "The Knack...and How to Get It" directed by Richard Lester wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film

Baseball History

1965 Baltimore Oriole Jim Palmer's pitching debut, beats Yankees 7-5 & homers

  • 1965 Bomb destroys USAF base Bien Hoa, South Vietnam
  • 1965 The Campbell Soup Company introduces SpaghettiOs under its Franco-American brand
  • 1965 WNJU TV channel 47 in NY-Linden, NY (TEL) begins broadcasting
  • 1966 "May 16 Notification" released, Mao's official justification for the Cultural Revolution
  • 1966 National Welfare Rights Organization organizes
  • 1966 Stokely Carmichael named chairman of Student Nonviolent Coordinating
  • 1966 The Beach Boys release their groundbreaking album "Pet Sounds", containing hit singles "Sloop John B" and "Wouldn't It Be Nice", and "God Only Knows"
  • 1967 Philalphia voters approve a $13 million bond issue to build a new stadium
  • 1968 Earthquake kills 47 in Japan
  • 1968 In the Stormont (Northern Ireland Parliament) by-election in the city of Londonderry (Derry) the Ulster Unionists retain the seat

Music History

1969 Barbra Streisand appears at a Friars Club Tribute

  • 1969 Students occupies Magden House Amsterdam

Music History

1969 The Who's Pete Townsend and Roger Daltrey charged with assault

  • 1969 US nuclear sub Guitarro sinks off San Francisco
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh, Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1969 Venera 5 lands on Venus, returns data on atmosphere

Music History

1970 "Grover Henson Feels Forgotten" by Bill Cosby hits #70

Cannes Film Festival

1970 23rd Cannes Film Festival: "M*A*S*H" film, directed by Robert Altman wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film

  • 1970 95th Preakness: Eddie Belmonte aboard Personality wins in 1:56.2

Music Premiere

1971 Benjamin Britten's opera "Owen Wingrave" premieres in Aldwych, London

  • 1971 Bulgaria adopts its constitution
  • 1971 US 1st class postage now costs 8 cents (was 6 cents)

Theater Premiere

1972 Melvin Van Peebles' musical "Don't Play Us Cheap" opens at Barrymore Theater, NYC; runs for 164 performances

  • 1972 Phillies' Greg Luzinski's 500' HR hits Liberty Bell monument in Philadelphia Veteran's Stadium
  • 1973 ABC Masters Bowling Tournament won by Dave Soutar
  • 1973 AC Milan of Italy win 13th European Cup Winner's Cup against Leeds of England 1-0 in Saloniki
  • 1974 Helmut Schmidt becomes West German Chancellor
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1975 India annexes Principality of Sikkim
  • 1975 Junko Tabei from Japan becomes 1st woman to reach summit of Mt Everest

Boxing Title Fight

1975 Muhammad Ali TKOs Ron Lyle in 11 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1975 Wings release "Listen to What the Man Said" in UK

Stanley Cup

1976 Stanley Cup Final, The Spectrum, Philadelphia, PA: Guy Lafleur and Pete Mahovlich each have a goal and 2 assists as Montreal Canadiens beat Philadelphia Flyers, 5-3 for a 4 games series sweep

  • 1977 5 die as NY Airway helicopter topples on Pan Am building in NYC
  • 1977 Muhammad Ali beats Alfredo Evangelist in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1977 TV drama “Alexander: The Other Side of Dawn”, starring Leigh McCloskey, follow up to "Dawn: Portrait of a Teenage Runaway" premieres on US network NBC, focusing on what happened to him after Dawn left L.A. to return to her hometown
  • 1979 FC Barcelona of Spain wins 19th European Cup Winner's Cup against Fortuna Düsseldorf of West Germany 4-3 in Basel
  • 1979 NL approves Astros sales from Ford Motors to John J McMullen for $19M
  • 1980 34th NBA Championship: LA Lakers beat Philadelphia 76ers, 4 games to 2

Music History

1980 Brian May of rock band Queen collapses on stage with hepatitis

  • 1980 Former Buggles members Geoff Downes & Trevor Horn replace Jon Anderson & Rick Wakeman in Yes

McCartney II

1980 Paul McCartney releases "McCartney II" album

#1 in the Charts

1981 "Bette Davis Eyes" by Kim Carnes hits #1 for next 9 weeks

  • 1981 106th Preakness: Jorge Velásquez aboard Pleasant Colony wins in 1:54.6
  • 1981 Houston shortstop Craig Reynolds hits 3 triples as Astros beat Chicago Cubs, 6-1
  • 1982 "Barnum" closes at St James Theater NYC after 854 performances
  • 1982 "Is There Life After High School?" closes at Barrymore after 12 performances
  • 1982 Columbia moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) for mating in preparation for STS-4
  • 1982 Salvador Jorge Blanco wins presidential election in Dominican Rep
  • 1982 Stanley Cup Final, Pacific Coliseum, Vancouver, BC: 3-peat for NY Islanders; sweep Vancouver Canucks in 4 games with a 3-1 Game 4 win

Event of Interest

1983 Chinese American architect I. M. Pei is awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize in New York

  • 1983 Lebanese parliament accepts peace accord with Israel
  • 1983 Sudan People's Liberation Army and Movement rebels against the Sudanese government

When Doves Cry

1984 "When Doves Cry" single released by Prince Rogers Nelson (Billboard Song of the Year, 1984)

  • 1984 Guinea-Bissau adopts constitution
  • 1984 Juventus of Italy win 24th European Cup Winner's Cup against Porto of Portugal 2-1 in Basel
  • 1984 Mackay pays $218,718 for 44,166 tickets to keep Twins in Minnesota Twins sell 51,863 tickets but only 6,346 fans show up for the game

Sports History

1984 MLB Philadelphia Phillies pitcher Steve Carlton hits a grand slam homer off Fernando Valenzuela, in 7-2 win against Dodgers, in Los Angeles

  • 1984 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site

Sports History

1985 Michael Jordan named NBA Rookie of Year

  • 1985 NHL Clarence Campbell Conference Final: Edmonton Oilers beat Chicago Black Hawks, 4 games to 2
  • 1985 NHL Prince of Wales Conference Final: Philadelphia Flyers beat Quebec Nordiques, 4 games to 2
  • 1985 Pope John Paul II arrives in Belgium

Film & TV History

1986 "Top Gun", directed by Tony Scott and starring Tom Cruise premieres

  • 1986 Action film "Top Gun" starring Tom Cruise and Val Kilmer, directed by Tony Scott, is released across the US

Film & TV History

1986 Bobby Ewing (Patrick Duffy) comes back from the dead on TV show "Dallas"

  • 1986 Joaquín Balaguers PRSC wins Dominican Rep parliamentary election

Event of Interest

1986 South African President P. W. Botha sends Coetsee to visit Mandela

  • 1986 The Seville Statement on Violence is adopted by an international meeting of scientists, convened by the Spanish National Commission for UNESCO, in Seville, Spain.
  • 1987 "Bobro 400", a barge carrying 3,200 tons of garbage sets sail from NYC, beginning an unsuccessful 8 week search for a dumping site
  • 1987 "Mystery of Edwin Drood" closes at Imperial NYC after 608 performances
  • 1987 112th Preakness: Chris McCarron aboard Alysheba wins in 1:55.8