On This Day

Historical Events on May 19

  • 715 St Gregory II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1182 The high altar of Paris cathedral Notre Dame is consecrated by Cardinal Henri de Château-Marçay and Maurice de Sully

Appointment of Interest

1506 Christopher Columbus selects his son Diego Columbus as sole heir

  • 1515 George van Saksen-Meissen sells Friesland for 100,000 gold guilders to arch duke Charles
  • 1517 Philip van Bourgondie installed as bishop of Utrecht
  • 1518 Public unveiling of Titian's masterpiece "Assumption of the Virgin" a painted altarpiece in the Basilica di Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, Venice

Execution of Anne Boleyn

1536 Anne Boleyn, second wife of English King Henry VIII, is beheaded at the Tower of London on charges of adultery, incest and treason

  • 1547 Monarch Johan Frederik surrenders to Karel
  • 1571 Miguel Lopez de Lagazpi founds Manilla in the Philippines
  • 1585 Spain confiscates English ships
  • 1608 Matthias von Habsburgs army reaches Lieben, at Prague
  • 1635 France's First Minister, Cardinal Richelieu declares war on Spain (Franco-Spanish War 1635–59)
  • 1643 Battle at Rocroi/Allersheim: French army destroys Spanish army
  • 1643 Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut and New Harbor form the United Colonies of New England
  • 1649 England is declared a Commonwealth by an act of the Rump Parliament making England a republic for the next 11 years
  • 1652 Spanish troops occupy Grevelingen
  • 1662 Uniformity Act of England goes into effect

New Settlement

1749 George II grants charter to Ohio Company to settle Ohio Valley

  • 1780 About midday, near-total darkness descends on New England, now known to be caused by forest fires in Canada
  • 1792 Russian army enters Poland
  • 1793 Netherlands captures French island of St Maarten (held until 1795)
  • 1796 Game protection law restricts encroachment on Indian hunting grounds
  • 1802 French Order of Legion d'Honneur forms

Historic Event

1828 U.S. President John Quincy Adams signs the Tariff of 1828/Tariff of Abominations into law to protect industry in the North

  • 1856 Senator Charles Sumner of Massachesetts speaks out against slavery
  • 1857 Americans William Francis Channing and Moses G Farmer patent the electric fire alarm
  • 1863 Siege of Vicksburg, investment of city complete
  • 1864 Battle of Port Walthall Junction, Virginia (Bermuda Hundred)
  • 1864 Last engagement in series of battles known as Spotsylvania
  • 1864 Skirmish at Cassville, Georgia
  • 1878 Blanche Kelso Bruce appointed register of treasury by President Garfield
  • 1883 William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody opened Buffalo Bill's Wild West show in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1884 Ringling Brothers circus premieres
  • 1885 1st mass production of shoes (Jan Matzeliger in Lynn, Massachusetts)

Historic Event

1885 German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck takes possession of Cameroon and Togoland

  • 1886 Camille Saint-Saëns' 3rd Symphony in C premieres at St. James Hall, London, with the composer conducting
  • 1891 Rice Institute, which became Rice University in Houston, Texas, is chartered
  • 1892 Charles Brady King invents pneumatic hammer
  • 1892 National Society of Colonial Dames of America founded
  • 1893 Heavy rain washes "quick clay" into a deep valley killing 111 in Norway

Historic Event

1896 1st auto (Karl Benz) arrives in Netherlands

Historic Event

1897 Oscar Wilde is released from Reading Gaol

  • 1898 US Congress passes the Private Mailing Card Act, allowing private publishers and printers to produce postcards, had to be labelled "Private Mailing Cards" until 1901, known as "souvenir cards"
  • 1900 World's longest railroad tunnel (Simplon) linking Italy and Switzerland opens
  • 1902 Great Britain and Boers resume peace talks in Pretoria
  • 1905 Tom Jenkins beats Frank Gotcha for heavyweight wrestling champ
  • 1906 Federated Boys' Club (Boys' Club of America) organizes
  • 1906 Portugal's King Carlos I names Joao Franco premier

Boxing Title Fight

1909 In his first title defence Jack Johnson fights "Philadelphia" Jack O'Brien to a no decision in 6 rounds in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to retain his world heavyweight crown

  • 1910 Passage of Earth through tail of Halley's Comet causes near-panic

Music Premiere

1911 Maurice Ravel's opera "L'Heure Espagnole" premieres at the Opéra-Comique, Paris, France

Sports History

1912 AL President Ban Johnson tells Tigers if they continue protest of Ty Cobb's suspension, they will be banned from baseball

  • 1913 Webb Alien Land-Holding Bill passes, forbidding Japanese from owning land
  • 1918 Wash 1st Sunday game, Senators beat Cleveland 1-0 in 18 innings
  • 1919 Kelud volcano on Java, erupts killing 5,160

Historic Event

1919 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lands at Samsun on the Black Sea coast, beginning the Turkish War of Independence

  • 1921 Congress sharply curbs immigration, setting a national quota system

Sports History

1923 49th Kentucky Derby: Earl Sande wins aboard Zev for his first Derby success

  • 1923 KPD (communist revolts) in German Ruhr cities occupied by Allies
  • 1926 French air force bombs Damascus Syria
  • 1928 54th Kentucky Derby: Chick Lang aboard Reigh Count wins in 2:10.4
  • 1928 "Firedamp" explodes in Mather coal mine, Pennsylvania, killing 195 of 273 miners
  • 1928 51 frogs enter 1st annual "Frog Jumping Jubilee" (Angel's Camp, California)
  • 1929 Cloudburst causes stampede in Yankee Stadium, crushes 2 people to death

Declaration of War

1929 Chinese warlord Feng Yuxiang declares war on Chiang Kai-shek's nationalist government

  • 1930 White women win voting rights in South Africa
  • 1931 Cruiser Deutschland launched in Kiel
  • 1934 Military coup by Colonel Damian Veltsjev in Bulgaria
  • 1934 Sherlock Holmes crossword puzzle in "Sat Review of Lit" Males who solved puzzle became members of Baker Street Irregulars
  • 1935 NFL adopts an annual college draft to begin in 1936


1935 English Cardinal John Fisher and statesman Thomas More, executed by Henry VIII, canonized as saints by Pope Pius XI

  • 1937 John Murray and Allen Boretz's "Room Service" premieres in NYC
  • 1940 Amsterdam time becomes MET (Middle European Time)

Historic Event

1940 French counter attack at Pronne under General Charles de Gaulle

  • 1941 Germany occupiers in Holland forbid bicycle taxis
  • 1941 New Nazi battleship Bismarck leaves Gdynia, Poland
  • 1942 Braves Paul Waner is 3rd NLer to get 3,000 hits (Anson & Wagner)
  • 1943 Berlin is declared "Judenrien" (free of Jews)
  • 1943 Churchill pledges Britain's full support to US against Japan

Historic Event

1944 240 gypsies transported to Auschwitz from Westerbork, Netherlands

  • 1944 German defense line in Italy collapses
  • 1945 Start of the 1st Victory Test Cricket between England & Aust Services
  • 1946 Dutch Cooperation for Sexual Reform (NVSH) forms in Amsterdam
  • 1950 NY Times reports of worlds smallest & dumbest mechanical brain

Sports History

1951 76th Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Bold wins in 1:56.4

  • 1953 Nuclear explosion in Nevada (fall-out in St George, Utah)
  • 1954 Postmaster General Summerfield approves CIA mail-opening project
  • 1955 Atkinson & Depeiaza make 347 stand for 7th wkt WI v Australia
  • 1956 81st Preakness: Bill Hartack aboard Fabius wins in 1:58.4
  • 1956 Pirate Dale Long hits 9th-inning HR, 1st HR in 8 straight games
  • 1957 Adone Zoli forms Italian government

Theater Premiere

1958 Premiere of Harold Pinter's play "Birthday Party" in London

  • 1958 "South Pacific" soundtrack album goes #1 & stays #1 for 31 weeks
  • 1959 Jan de Quay becomes premier of Netherlands
  • 1959 The USS Triton, the first submarine with two nuclear reactors, is completed
  • 1960 Alan Freed & eight other DJs accused of taking radio payola
  • 1960 Belgian parliament requires rest day for self employed
  • 1960 SF Giants rookie Juan Marichal beats Philadelphia Phillies, 2-0 on debut at Candlestick Park; first National League hurler since 1900 to debut with a one-hitter
  • 1960 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 33,222 m
  • 1961 New pier opens in Scheveningen, the Netherlands
  • 1962 "Bravo, Giovanni" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 76 performances
  • 1962 "John Birch Society" by Chad Mitchell Trio hits #99
  • 1962 87th Preakness: John Rotz aboard Greek Money wins in 1:56.2
  • 1962 Indonesian paratroopers land in New Guinea

Sports History

1962 Stan Musial breaks Honus Wagner's NL hit record with 3,431

  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Christmas Island (atmospheric)
  • 1964 US diplomats find at least 40 secret microphones in Moscow embassy
  • 1965 Patricia R. Harris named 1st US black female ambassador (Luxembourg)
  • 1965 West Ham United of England win 5th European Cup Winner's Cup against 1860 München of West Germany 2-0 in London
  • 1967 USSR ratifies treaty with Britain & US banning nuclear weapons in space
  • 1968 20th Emmy Awards: "Get Smart", "Mission Impossible" & Barbara Bain win
  • 1968 Frank Howard fails to homer, after hitting 10 in 6 consecutive games
  • 1968 Pirate Radio Brumble of Northern England 1st heard
  • 1971 USSR launches Mars 2, 1st spacecraft to crash land on Mars
  • 1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1972 WMAV TV channel 18 in Oxford, MS (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1972 25th Cannes Film Festival: "The Working Class Goes to Heaven" directed by Elio Petri and "The Mattei Affair" directed by Francesco Rosi jointly awarded the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film
  • 1973 "Daisy A Day" by Jud Strunk hits #14
  • 1973 "Smith" opens at Eden Theater NYC for 17 performances
  • 1973 98th Preakness: Ron Turcotte aboard Secretariat wins in 1:54 - fastest Preakness race ever (recognized 2012)
  • 1974 Stanley Cup Final, The Spectrum, Philadelphia, PA: Goaltender Bernie Parent and the Flyers shut out the Boston Bruins, 1-0, to win series 4-2, become 1st "expansion" team to win Stanley Cup; Parent named playoff MVP
  • 1974 Valeri Giscard d'Estaing wins French presidential election

Emmy Awards

1975 27th Emmy Awards: "The Mary Tyler Moore Show", Robert Blake & Jean Marsh win

  • 1975 Farm truck packed with wedding party struck by a train, killing 66 in truck, 40 miles south of Poona, India
  • 1976 Gold ownership legalized in Australia
  • 1976 Senate establishes permanent Select Committee on Intelligence
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Film Premiere

1977 Film "Smokey & the Bandit" starring Burt Reynolds, Sally Field and Jackie Gleason premieres in NYC

  • 1979 "In The Navy" by Village People hits #3
  • 1979 104th Preakness: Ron Franklin aboard Spectacular Bid wins in 1:54.2
  • 1980 "Blackstone" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 104 performances

Film & TV History

1980 Ringo & Barbara Bach are involved in a car crash

  • 1981 Pirate Jim Bibby gives up a leadoff single to Brave Terry Harper, then retires next 27 batters
  • 1981 5 British Army soldiers are killed when their armoured vehicle is ripped apart by a Provisional Irish Republican Army roadside bomb near Bessbrook, County Armagh

Film & TV History

1982 Sophia Loren jailed in Naples, Italy for tax evasion

  • 1983 NASA launches Intelsat V satellite, no. 506

Music History

1983 Weird Al Yankovic gives live performance at Wax Museum in Washington, D.C.

  • 1983 36th Cannes Film Festival: "Narayama Bushiko" directed by Shohei Imamura wins the Palme d'Or
  • 1984 "King Of Suede" by Weird Al Yankovic hits #62

Sports History

1984 109th Preakness: Puerto Rican jockey Ángel Cordero Jr., aboard Gate Dancer wins his second Pimlico classic

  • 1984 STS 41-D vehicle moves to launch pad

Sports History

1984 Stanley Cup Final, Northlands Coliseum, Edmonton, AL: Wayne Gretzky scores twice as Edmonton Oilers beat NY Islanders, 5-2 for a 4-1 series win; Oilers first SC title

Sports History

1984 Pat LaFontaine scores 2 goals within 22 sec in an NHL playoff game

  • 1986 Anti-apartheid activist Hélène Pastoors sentenced to 10 yrs in South Africa
  • 1986 39th Cannes Film Festival: "The Mission" directed by Roland Joffe wins the Palme d'Or
  • 1987 40th Cannes Film Festival: "Sous le soleil de Satan" directed by Maurice Pialat wins the Palme d'Or
  • 1988 Red Sox retire Bobby Doerr's #1
  • 1988 Carlos Lehder Rivas, of Colombia's Medellin drug cartel, is convicted in Florida for smuggling more than 3 tons of cocaine into US
  • 1989 Dow Jones Avg passes 2,500 mark for 1st time, closes at 2,501.1

TV Show Appearance

1989 Sue Ellen's (Linda Gray) last appearance on TV show "Dallas"

Film Premiere

1989 "Do the Right Thing", directed by Spike Lee, starring Danny Aiello and Ossie Davis premieres at the Cannes Film Festival

Sports History

1990 115th Preakness: Pat Day aboard Summer Squall wins in 1:53.6

Television Finale

1990 "Elvis" TV Drama about early life of Elvis Presley last airs on ABC

  • 1991 "Buddy - The Buddy Holly Story" closes at Shubert NYC after 225 performances
  • 1991 Willy T. Ribbs overcomes numerous mechanical problems in qualifying to become first African-American driver to make Indianapolis 500 starting grid
  • 1992 27th Amendment ratified, prohibits Congress from raising its salary
  • 1992 Amy Fisher shoots Mary Jo Buttafuoco in the face in an altercation over an affair with her husband, in Massapequa, New York
  • 1992 Englishman Dave Gauder, 224 lbs, pulls 196 ton jumbo jet, 3 inches
  • 1992 US VP Dan Quayle attacks Murphy Brown for being a single mother and as a poor example of family values

Album Release

1992 "Some Gave All" debut album by Billy Ray Cyrus is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1993)

  • 1993 Boeing 727 crashes into mountain at Medellin Colombia, kills 132
  • 1993 Dow Jones closes above 3,500 for 1st time (3,500.03)
  • 1994 Final Episode of TV drama "LA Law" after 8 year run
  • 1994 Egyptian actor Omar Sharif suffers a mild heart attack
  • 1994 Tennis star Jennifer Capriati (18), checks into a drug rehab center

Daytime Emmy Awards

1995 Emmy 22nd Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 15th time

  • 1995 World's youngest doctor, Balamurali Ambati, 17, graduates Mount Sinai
  • 1996 STS 77 (Endeavour 11), launches into orbit

Film Premiere

1997 "The Lost World: Jurassic Park", directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Jeff Goldblum and Julianne Moore, premieres in the US

  • 1998 Rapper DMX releases his debut studio album"It's Dark and Hell Is Hot", debuts at No. 1 Billboard 2000 Chart

Film Release

1999 "Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace", directed by George Lucas, starring Ewan McGregor, Natalie Portman and Liam Neeson, is released in cinemas

  • 1999 Lazio of Italy win 39th European Cup Winner's Cup against Mallorca of Spain 2-1 in Birmingham
  • 1999 Andrew Motion is appointed British Poet Laureate for 10 years, the first to request a definite term
  • 2001 126th Preakness: Gary Stevens aboard Point Given wins in 1:55.40
  • 2001 Manchester United lose 3-1 to Tottenham at White Hart Lane but win English Premier League title for the 3rd consecutive season
  • 2004 NHL Western Conference Final: Calgary Flames beat San Jose Sharks, 4 games to 2
  • 2005 TV political comedy "The Thick of It" created by Armando Iannucci, starring Peter Capaldi and Chris Langham premieres on BBC 4
  • 2007 132nd Preakness: Robby Albarado aboard Curlin wins in 1:53.46

Film Premiere

2007 "Sicko" a documentary on the US health care system, directed by Michael Moore has its premiere at the Cannes Film festival.

Film Premiere

2007 "Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End", directed by Gore Verbinksi, starring Johnny Depp, Keira Knightley and Orlando Bloom premieres in Anaheim - most expensive film ($300 million) made at the time

  • 2007 Coen brothers film "No Country for Old Men", based on the Cormac McCarthy novel, starring Tommy Lee Jones, Javier Bardem and Josh Brolin premieres at the Cannes Film Festival (Best Picture 2008)
  • 2007 NHL Eastern Conference Final: Ottawa Senators beat Buffalo Sabres, 4 games to 1
  • 2007 In an all South African final the Bulls (Pretoria) edge the home team Sharks, 20-19 in Durban for their first Super 14 Rugby title; Bulls flyhalf Derick Hougaard boots 2 penalties & 2 conversions
  • 2007 English FA Cup Final, Wembley Stadium, London (89,826): Chelsea beats Manchester United, 1 – 0 (a.e.t.); Didier Drogba scores 116' winner for Blues' 4th title
  • 2008 NHL Western Conference Final: Detroit Red Wings beat Dallas Stars, 4 games to 2
  • 2009 Sri Lanka announces victory in its 25-year war against the terrorist organisation, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam

Television Premiere

2009 TV musical show "Glee" starring Jane Lynch, Michael Morrison, Lea Michele and an ensemble cast premieres on Fox

Historic Event

2011 Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer, project to search for dark matter, led by Samuel C. C. Ting, installed on the International Space Station

  • 2012 137th Preakness: Mario Gutierrez aboard Ill Have Another wins in 1:55.94

Sports History

2012 UEFA Champions League Final, Munich: Chelsea beats Bayern Munich, 4-3 on penalties after a 1–1 draw at the end of extra time; Blues' first title

  • 2013 Sweden defeats Switzerland to win the 2013 World Ice Hockey Championship

Music Awards

2013 21st Billboard Music Awards: Taylor Swift, Red win

  • 2014 Decorated Dutch coach Louis van Gaal confirmed as manager of Manchester United; Ryan Giggs named assistant, confirms retirement as a player at age 40 after 963 games and English record 22 major trophies

Historic Event

2015 Historic first handshake between Prince Charles and Sinn Féin leader Gerry Adams at the National University of Ireland in Galway

  • 2015 UK inflation is recorded as a negative for the first time since 1960
  • 2016 EgyptAir flight MS804 goes missing over the Mediterranean on route Paris to Cairo

Film & TV History

2018 American actress Meghan Markle marries Prince Harry at a ceremony in Windsor Castle, making her a member of the British royal family