On This Day

Historical Events on May 2

Historic Event

1194 King Richard I of England gives Portsmouth its first Royal Charter

  • 1230 William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny is hanged by Prince Llywelyn the Great
  • 1335 Otto the Merry, Duke of Austria, becomes Duke of Carinthia
  • 1345 "Quaden Maendach" in Ghent: battles between fullers & weavers

Historic Expedition

1497 John Cabot's expedition departs Bristol searching for new lands across the Atlantic

  • 1526 German evangelical monarchy joins Schmalkaldic League
  • 1595 King Philip II names Albrecht of Austria land guardian of Netherlands
  • 1598 France & Spain sign Peace of Vervins
  • 1668 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, 1st peace of Aachen: ends War of Devolution, French-Spanish war in The Netherlands

Historic Event

1670 King Charles II gives royal charter to the Hudson's Bay Company

  • 1672 John Maitland becomes Duke of Lauderdale and Earl of March.
  • 1703 Portugal signs treaty with England to become a Great Covenant
  • 1749 Empress Maria Theresa signs "Haugwitzschen State reform"
  • 1750 Carlo Goldoni's "La Botega di Caffè" premieres in Mantua
  • 1776 France & Spain agreed to give weapons to American rebels

Historic Discovery

1780 William Herschel discovers 1st binary star, Xi Ursae Majoris

Historic Event

1783 Architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant is promoted by brevet to Major of Engineers in recognition of his service to American liberty

  • 1808 Uprising against French occupation begins in Madrid
  • 1809 Dartmoor Prison in England opens to house French prisoners of war
  • 1824 Goethe visits Ettersberg (Buchenwald)
  • 1829 After anchoring nearby, Captain Charles Fremantle of HMS Challenger, declares the Swan River Colony in Australia
  • 1833 Russian Tsar Nicolas I bans public sale of serfs
  • 1845 Argentinian Domingo Sarmiento publishes his anti-tyranny work "Facundo Civilización y Barbarie"
  • 1853 Franconi's Hippodrome opens in New York City
  • 1863 South defeats North in Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia

Historic Event

1863 Stonewall Jackson attacking Chancellorsville is wounded by his own men

  • 1866 Peruvian defenders fight off Spanish fleet at the Battle of Callao
  • 1869 The Folies Trévise (later cabaret hall Folies Bergère) opens as an opera house in Paris, France
  • 1876 Ross Barnes hit 1st home run in National League
  • 1876 The April Uprising breaks out in Bulgaria
  • 1878 US stops minting 20 cent coin
  • 1885 "Good Housekeeping" magazine is 1st published
  • 1885 Congo Free State formed by King Leopold II of Belgium

Music History

1887 Gioachino Rossini's corpse transferred to Santa Croce, Florence

Historic Invention

1887 Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film (used in Thomas Edison's Kinetoscope)

Treaty of Interest

1889 Abyssinian Emperor Menelik II and Italy sign Treaty of Wichale

  • 1890 Territory of Oklahoma created

Historic Event

1900 George Bernard Shaw's "You Never Can Tell" premieres in London

  • 1903 29th Kentucky Derby: Hal Booker riding Judge Himes wins in 2:09
  • 1904 30th Kentucky Derby: Shorty Prior riding Elwood wins in 2:08.50

Historic Publication

1905 French newspapers publish lists of Jules Verne's unpublished work

  • 1906 32nd Kentucky Derby: Roscoe Troxler aboard Sir Huon wins in 2:08.8

Historic Event

1906 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia dismisses his moderate Prime Minister Witte and appoints Ivan Goremykin, a conservative bureaucrat

  • 1907 Jules baron de Trooz forms Belgian government
  • 1908 1908 "Take me out to the Ball Game" registered for copyright.

Baseball Record

1909 Honus Wagner steals his way around bases in 1st inning against Cubs

  • 1911 French troops occupy Fès El Bali, Morocco
  • 1915 Bronx, New York City; Old Fordham Road renamed Landing Road
  • 1916 In the Bronx, New York City: 2nd Ave & Bronx Terrace renamed Bronx Blvd; Seward Place renamed Sycamore Ave; Herald Ave renamed Dickinson Ave; Monroe & Selwyn Avenue named
  • 1917 Cin Fred Tooney & Chic's Hippo Vaughn pitch duel no-hitter, Vaughn gives up 2 hits & a run in 10th, so Cin wins 1-0
  • 1918 General Motors acquires the Chevrolet Motor Company of Delaware.
  • 1920 1st game of National Negro Baseball League played in Indianapolis
  • 1921 Start of 3rd anti-German revolt in Upper Silesia
  • 1922 WBAP-AM begins broadcasting from Fort Worth, Texas

Sports History

1923 MLB Washington Senator Walter Johnson pitches his 100th shutout, beats Yanks 3-0

  • 1924 Netherlands refuses to recognize USSR
  • 1925 Kezar Stadium opens in San Francisco's Golden Gate Park
  • 1926 US military intervenes in Nicaragua
  • 1927 International Economic Conference (52 countries including USSR) opens
  • 1927 Pulitzer prize awarded to Louis Bromfield (Early Autumn)
  • 1927 U.S. Supreme Court's "Buck v. Bell", permits forced sterilizations of various "unfits" by states' authorities where such surgeries are practiced for eugenic reasons
  • 1928 KPQ-AM in Wenatchee WA begins radio transmissions

Music History

1929 Billie Holiday (14) and her mother are arrested for prostitution following a raid of a brothel in Harlem

  • 1930 Des Moines (Western League) defeats Wichita 13-6 to open 1st ballpark with permanently installed lights

Radio Premiere

1932 Jack Benny's 1st radio show premieres (NBC Blue Network)

  • 1932 Pulitzer prize awarded to Pearl S Buck (Good Earth)

Historic Event

1933 In Germany, Adolf Hitler bans trade unions

  • 1934 Nazi Germany begins People's Court
  • 1936 Sergei Prokofiev's musical "Peter and the Wolf" premieres in Moscow
  • 1936 62nd Kentucky Derby: Ira Hanford aboard Bold Venture wins in 2:03.6

Historic Event

1936 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie and family flee Abyssinia

Music Recording

1938 American singer Ella Fitzgerald records "A-Tisket, A-Tasket" with Chick Webb and His Orchestra

Historic Event

1938 Pulitzer prize awarded to Thornton Wilder for his play "Our Town"

Sports History

1939 New York Yankee Lou Gehrig ends 2,130 consecutive game streak, Yanks beat Detroit Tigers 22-2

  • 1941 FCC approves regular scheduled commercial TV broadcasts to begin July 1
  • 1941 Nazi occupied Netherlands lays off Jewish journalists

Sports History

1941 MLB player Ted Williams' lowest average (.308) in year he hit over .400

  • 1942 68th Kentucky Derby: Wayne D Wright aboard Shut Out wins in 2:04.4
  • 1942 Japanese troops occupy Mandalay, Burma
  • 1943 German troops vacate Jefna, Tunisia
  • 1944 WABD (WNEW, now WNYW) TV channel 5 in NYC (DUM/MET/FOX) 1st broadcast
  • 1945 Allies occupy Wismar, Northern Germany

Historic Event

1945 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina & Princess Juliana reach Gilze-Rijen

  • 1945 More than 1,000,000 German soldiers officially surrender to the Western Allies in Italy and Austria
  • 1945 Yugoslav troops occupy Trieste, Italy
  • 1946 The "Battle of Alcatraz" takes place, killing two guards and three inmates

Film Release

1946 "The Postman Always Rings Twice" film based on the novel by James M. Cain, directed by Tay Garnett and starring Lana Turner and John Garfield is released

Historic Event

1947 Eugene O'Neill's "Moon for the Misbegotten" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1949 Arthur Miller wins Pulitzer Prize for "Death of a Salesman"

  • 1949 Bolivian state of siege proclaimed
  • 1949 Don Newcombe, 1st start, shuts out Cincinnati on 5 hits to win 3-0
  • 1950 Carlo Terron's "Giuditta" premieres in Milan
  • 1950 Dutch 1st Chamber accept Laws on immigration
  • 1950 Dutch PM Malan recognizes South-Africa but not People's Republic of China
  • 1952 John Cage's "Water Music" (for a solo pianist, using a piano, a radio, whistles, water containers, and a deck of cards) premieres in New York City
  • 1952 1st scheduled jet airliner passenger service began with a British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) Comet from London to Johannesburg carrying 36 passengers [1]
  • 1953 79th Kentucky Derby: Hank Moreno aboard Dark Star wins in 2:02
  • 1953 Feisal II installed as King of Iraq
  • 1953 Hussein I installed as King of Jordan

Baseball Record

1954 Stan Musial hits 5 HRs in a doubleheader

  • 1955 India proposal to discrimination against Dalits or "Untouchables" punishable

Historic Event

1955 Pulitzer prize awarded Tennessee Williams for (Cat on Hot Tin Roof)

  • 1955 WGBH TV channel 2 in Boston, MA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 US Lab detects high-temperature microwave radiation from Venus
  • 1956 US Methodist church disallows racial separation

Assassination Attempt

1957 Gangster Frank Costello escapes an assassination attempt made by rival mobsters

Film Release

1957 First Hammer color horror film released "The Curse of Frankenstein" starring Peter Cushing and Christopher Lee

  • 1958 Yanks threaten to broadcast games nationwide if NL goes ahead with plans to broadcast, games into NYC
  • 1959 85th Kentucky Derby: Bill Shoemaker aboard Tomy Lee wins in 2:02.2
  • 1960 Harry Belafonte 2nd Carnegie Hall performance
  • 1960 Pulitzer prize awarded to Al Drury (Advice & Consent)
  • 1960 House investigating committee, looking into payola questions
  • 1962 OAS strikes in Algeria
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1962 WMHT TV channel 17 in Schenectady-Alby-Tro, NY (PBS) 1st broadcast
  • 1962 European Cup Final, Amsterdam: Eusébio scores twice as defending champions Benfica beat Real Madrid, 5-3; Puskás, hits all 3 for Madrid

Historic Event

1963 Children's crusade begins in Birmingham, Alabama. More than 600 African American school children arrested for marching against segregation, organised by James Bevel and the SCLC

  • 1964 90th Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack aboard Northern Dancer wins in 2:00
  • 1964 Beatles' "Beatles' 2nd Album" goes #1 & stays #1 for 5 weeks
  • 1964 Mad Dog Vachon beats Verne Gagne in Omaha, to become NWA champ
  • 1964 First ascent of Shishapangma the fourteenth highest mountain in the world and lowest of the Eight-thousanders
  • 1965 "New Faces of 1965" opens at Booth Theater NYC for 52 performances
  • 1965 Early Bird satellite goes into commercial service
  • 1966 Pulitzer prize awarded Arthur M Schlesinger Jr (Thousand Days)

Sports History

1967 Stanley Cup Final, Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, ON: Terry Sawchuk makes 40 saves as Toronto Maple Leafs beat Montreal Canadiens, 3-1 in Game 6 to take title, 4-2

  • 1968 Roger Sessions' 8th Symphony premiers in New York City with William Steinberg conducting the New York Philharmonic
  • 1968 22nd NBA Championship: Boston Celtics beat LA Lakers, 4 games to 2
  • 1968 Gold reaches then record high ($39.35 per ounce) in London
  • 1968 Israeli television begins transmitting
  • 1969 British liner Queen Elizabeth II leaves Southampton on maiden voyage to NY
  • 1970 1st woman jockey at Kentucky Derby (Diane Crump)
  • 1970 96th Kentucky Derby: Mike Manganello on Dust Commander wins 2:03.4
  • 1970 KOAI (now KNAZ) TV channel 2 in Flagstaff, AZ (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • 1972 126 killed in an electrical fire in Sunshine Silver mine, Kellogg, Idaho
  • 1972 Lt General Vernon A Walters, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

1974 Former US Vice President Spiro Agnew disbarred

  • 1974 Six Catholic civilians killed and eighteen wounded when the UVF explode a bomb at Rose & Crown Bar on Ormeau Road, Belfast
  • 1975 Apple records closes down

Music Premiere

1977 Revival of Rodgers & Hammerstein's musical "The King & I"', with Yul Brynner reprising the role he created in 1951, opens at Uris Theater, NYC; runs for 695 performances

  • 1978 1978 NFL Draft: Earl Campbell from University of Texas first pick by Houston Oilers
  • 1979 "Quadrophenia" premieres in London
  • 1979 -May 10] Vivekananda (Sri Lanka) begins nonstop ride, cycling 187 hrs, 28 min, around Vihara Maha Devi Park, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  • 1980 Joseph Doherty & 3 other IRA men arrested for murder

Music History

1980 Pink Floyd's "Another Brick in Wall (Part II)" is banned in South Africa

  • 1980 Pope John Paul II begins African tour
  • 1980 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1981 107th Kentucky Derby: Jorge Velásquez on Pleasant Colony wins in 2:02
  • 1981 Radio Shack re-releases Model III TRSDOS 1.3 with 2 fixes
  • 1982 Falklands War: Argentine cruiser General Belgrano sunk by British submarine Conqueror, killing more than 350 men
  • 1983 6.7 earthquake injures 487 in Coalinga, California

Music Premiere

1984 Stephen Sondheim's musical "Sunday in the Park with George", a fictionalized version of painter Georges Seurat's relationship with his grandson, starring Mandy Patinkin, opens at Booth Theater, NYC; runs for 604 performances, wins a Pulitzer Prize for Drama

  • 1984 MLB Cleveland Indians' infielder Andre Thornton ties record for most walks (6 in 16 innings)

Baseball Record

1984 New York Yankee Don Mattingly's single breaks up Chicago White Sox pitcher Lamarr Hoyt's perfect game bid, at Comiskey Park

  • 1984 US performs underground nuclear test "Orkney" at Nevada Test Site, with an estimated 250 ton yield
  • 1985 US performs underground nuclear test "Towanda" at Nevada Test Site, with an estimated 150 ton yield
  • 1986 Transportation Expo 86 opens in Vancouver, BC
  • 1987 113th Kentucky Derby: Chris McCarron aboard Alysheba wins in 2:03.4
  • 1988 Baltimore Orioles sign a 15 year lease to remain in Baltimore and get a new park

Historic Event

1988 David Mamet's "Speed-the-Plow" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1988 Jackson Pollock's "Search" sold for $4,800,000

Sports History

1988 Reds manager Pete Rose is suspended for 30 days for pushing an umpire

Album Release

1989 "Killin' Time" debut album by Clint Black is released (Billboard Album of the Year, 1990)

  • 1990 "Some Americans Abroad" opens at Vivian Beaumont NYC for 62 performances
  • 1990 South Africa & African National Congress open talks to end apartheid

Catholic Encyclical

1991 Pope John Paul II's encyclical on Centesimus annus

  • 1992 Allen Toussaint's musical revue "High Rollers Social & Pleasure Club" closes at the Helen Hayes Theater, NYC, after 13 performances

Sports History

1992 118th Kentucky Derby: Pat Day aboard Lil E Tee wins in 2:03

  • 1992 Yugoslav Army seizes Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic
  • 1993 "5 Guys Named Moe" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC after 445 performances
  • 1993 "Candida" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 45 performances
  • 1993 Lanford Wilson's play "Redwood Curtain" closes at Brooks Atkinson Theatre NYC after 40 performances
  • 1993 "Tango Passion" closes at Longacre Theater NYC after 5 performances
  • 1994 Bus crashes into a tree at Gdańsk Poland, 32 killed
  • 1994 Dr Kervokian found innocent on assisting suicides
  • 1994 Michael Bolton found to have plagurized Isley Bros "Love is Wonderful Thing"
  • 1995 "Hamlet" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 121 performances
  • 1995 Expos bat out of order against Mets in 6th inning
  • 1995 Serbian missiles exploded in the heart of Zagreb, killing six
  • 1997 Mercury Mail announces its 1 millionth internet subscriber

Film & TV History

1997 Police arrest transsexual prostitute Atisone Seiuli with Eddie Murphy

  • 1997 Republic of Texas security chief Robert Scheidt surrenders

Film Release

1997 "Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery", starring Mike Myers and Elizabeth Hurley, is released

  • 1998 124th Kentucky Derby: Kent Desormeaux aboard Real Quiet wins in 2:02.20
  • 1998 Battle of Hogwarts: fictional battle that ended the Second Wizarding War with the death of Lord Voldemort at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry
  • 1999 Panamanian election, 1999: Mireya Moscoso becomes the first woman to be elected President of Panama

Sports History

1999 John Elway announces his retirement from the NFL

  • 2000 Her Royal Highness Princess Margriet of the Netherlands unveils the Man With Two Hats monument in Apeldoorn and the other in Ottawa on May 11, 2000. Symbolically linking both Netherlands and Canada for their assistance throughout World War II.

Historic Event

2000 President Bill Clinton announces that accurate GPS access would no longer be restricted to the United States military

  • 2002 Marad massacre of eight Hindus near Palakkad in Kerala
  • 2004 Yelwa massacre of more than 630 nomad Muslims by Christians in Nigeria
  • 2008 Cyclone Nargis makes landfall in Myanmar killing over 130,000 people and leaving millions of people homeless

Film Release

2008 First film in the Marvel Cinematic Universe released "Iron Man" directed by Jon Favreau, starring Robert Downey Jr. as Tony Stark

  • 2009 135th Kentucky Derby: Calvin Borel wins aboard 50-1 long shot Mine That Bird

Historic Event

2011 Osama bin Laden, the suspected mastermind behind the September 11 attacks and the FBI's most wanted man is killed by US special forces in Abbottabad, Pakistan

  • 2011 The 2011 E. coli O104:H4 outbreak strikes Europe, mostly in Germany, leaving more than 30 people dead and many others sick from the bacteria outbreak.