On This Day

Historical Events on May 22

  • 760 14th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet

Murder of Interest

1176 Murder attempt by "Assassins" on Saladin near Aleppo

  • 1200 Treaty of Le Goulet signed between France and England
  • 1370 Jews are expelled and massacred in Brussels, Belgium
  • 1377 Pope Gregory XI issues five papal bulls to denounce the doctrines of English theologian John Wycliffe
  • 1455 Opening battle in England's 30-year Wars of the Roses. Richard of York takes St Albans, capturing King Henry VI
  • 1526 Pope Clemens VII, France, Genoa, Venice, Florence & Milan form Anti-French League of Cognac
  • 1570 1st atlas 'Theatrum Orbis Terrarum' (Theatre of the World), published by Abraham Ortelius in Antwerp with 70 maps
  • 1594 Siege of Spanish held city of Groningen begins led by Dutch and English army led by Maurice of Orange

Historic Event

1629 Emperor Ferdinand II & Danish King Christian IV sign Peace of Lubeck

  • 1659 France, England & Netherlands sign "Hedges Concerto" treaty

Canonization

1712 Pope Pius V is canonized by Pope Clement XI

  • 1746 Russia and Austria sign treaty of cooperation
  • 1761 1st life insurance policy in North America issued in Philadelphia
  • 1762 Sweden and Prussia sign the Treaty of Hamburg, reaffirming the status quo that existed before the Seven Years' War
  • 1784 Ceylonese student leader Pieter Quint Ondaatje demands democracy

Historic Event

1799 Napoleon makes statement in support of re-establishing Jerusalem for Jews

  • 1803 1st US public library opens in Connecticut

Historic Event

1807 Former US Vice President Aaron Burr is tried for treason in Richmond, Virginia (acquitted)

  • 1807 Townsend Speakman 1st sells fruit-flavored carbonated drinks in Philadelphia
  • 1819 1st steam propelled vessel to cross Atlantic (Savannah leaves Ga)
  • 1826 HMS Beagle departs on its first voyage to survey Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego

Music History

1836 Felix Mendelssohn's oratorio "St Paul" premieres in Dusseldorf

  • 1840 The transporting of British convicts to the New South Wales colony is abolished
  • 1842 Farmers Lester Howe and Henry Wetsel discover Howe Caverns in New York state when they stumble upon a large gaping hole in the ground
  • 1843 1st wagon train with 700 - 1000 migrants, departs Independence, Missouri for Oregon

Historic Invention

1849 Abraham Lincoln receives a patent (only US President to do so) for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions

  • 1856 Violence in the US Senate, South Carolina rep Brooks uses a cane on Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner
  • 1858 Confederación Granadina (now Colombia) forms
  • 1863 War Department establishes Bureau of Colored Troops
  • 1864 Battle of North Anna River, Virginia (Totopotamy River, Haw's Shop, Hanovertown)
  • 1868 Train robbery at Marshfield, Indiana by the Reno Brothers Gang, who make off with $98,000
  • 1872 Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners (except for 500)
  • 1877 3rd Kentucky Derby: Billy Walker aboard Baden-Baden wins in 2:38
  • 1883 Cubs' Billy Sunday's 1st at bat, begins 14 consecutive strikes out
  • 1884 1-armed pitcher Hugh Daily fanned 13 hitters
  • 1885 13th Preakness: Jim McLaughlin aboard Tecumseh wins in 2:49
  • 1888 Leroy Buffington patents a system to build skyscrapers
  • 1892 Dr Washington Sheffield invents the toothpaste tube
  • 1893 Montreal Athletic Association beat Ottawa Generals 2-1, in 1st Cup Game
  • 1897 The Blackwall Tunnel, London, under the River Thames is officially opened
  • 1900 Associated Press organizes in NYC as non-profit news cooperative
  • 1900 Edwin S Votey patents pneumatic piano player
  • 1902 36th Belmont: John Bullman aboard Mastermam wins in 2:22.6

Treaty of Interest

1902 US President Theodore Roosevelt signs a treaty with Mexico under which both countries agree to submit a long-standing dispute over interest payments to the Court of Arbitration at The Hague

  • 1903 Launch of the White Star Liner SS Ionic.
  • 1905 Royal Academy in Delft Holland becomes Technical High School
  • 1906 31st Preakness: Walter Miller aboard Whimsical wins in 1:45
  • 1906 Wright Brothers are granted a patent for their "flying machine," having applied for one 3 years earlier (patent no. 821,393)
  • 1906 A British garrison leaves Esquimalt, on the Pacific coast, after a military occupation that began in 1858: the last British soldiers stationed in Canada
  • 1907 Albert Trott takes two hat-tricks in an innings, Middlesex v Somerset
  • 1907 Plaza Cinema opens in Ottawa, Kansas, the world's oldest purpose-built movie theatre [1]
  • 1909 1st San Francisco fireboat, David Scannell, launched
  • 1911 Braves pitcher, Cliff Curtis, loses his 23rd game in a row
  • 1915 Local train collides with troop train killing 226 in Gretna, Scotland
  • 1915 Lassen Peak erupts with a powerful force, only mountain other than Mount St. Helens, to erupt in the continental US during the 20th century
  • 1916 Battle of Verdun: French troops assault Fort Douaumont but fail to recapture it after hours of dogged fighting

Historic Event

1919 A. E. Douglass establishes the relative dates of two archaeological sites using ancient wood samples, marking a major step forward in the dating of archaeological sites

  • 1926 "Five Foot Two, Eyes of Blue" by Gene Austin hits #1

Historic Event

1926 Chiang Kai-shek replaces communists in Guomindang China

  • 1926 Dutch Communist Party expels David Wijnkoop
  • 1927 8.3 Nan-Shan earthquake strikes Tsinghai, China, over 40,900 killed
  • 1927 Dodgers beat Phillies, 20-4
  • 1928 US Congress accept Jones-White Merchant Naval Act

Baseball Record

1930 Yankees' future Baseball Hall of Fame 1st baseman Lou Gehrig becomes first to hit 3 HRs three times as NY outscores Philadelphia A's, 20-13; teams combine for then-record 10 homers

  • 1931 Canned rattlesnake meat 1st goes on sale in Florida
  • 1933 First modern sighting of the Loch Ness Monster by Aldie and John Mackay saw "something resembling a whale"
  • 1933 World Trade Day/National Maritime Day 1st celebrated
  • 1936 Aer Lingus (Aer Loingeas) is founded by the Irish government as the national airline of the Republic of Ireland
  • 1938 Dodgers announce contracts to install lights at Ebbets Field
  • 1940 Dutch Premier De Geer begins working with Nazis

Historic Event

1940 UK Premier Winston Churchill flies to Paris to decide with General Maxime Weygand a strategy to save the city

  • 1941 British troops attack Baghdad
  • 1942 Mexico declares war on Nazi-Germany & Japan
  • 1942 The Steel Workers Organizing Committee disbands, and a new trade union, the United Steelworkers, is formed
  • 1943 RAF scatters 1st copies of "The Flying Hollander"
  • 1945 6th US Marine division reaches suburbs of Naha Okinawa
  • 1945 NSB-Fuhrer Rost van Tonningen makes failed suicide attempt
  • 1946 Yankees turn triple-play & defeat Tigers 5-3
  • 1946 First US rocket (WAC Corporal) to reach edge of space fired from White Sands Missile Range New Mexico
  • 1947 "Truman Doctrine" goes into effect, aiding Turkey and Greece
  • 1947 1st US ballistic missile fired
  • 1950 Celal Bayar elected President of Turkey
  • 1950 Dutch poet Gerrit Achterberg wins PC Hooft prize

Music History

1950 Richard Strauss' "4 Last Songs" (4 letzte Lieder) in London

Historic Event

1953 US President Eisenhower signs Offshore Oil Bill

  • 1953 Yankee Irv Noren hits into a triple-play, Yanks beat Wash 12-4
  • 1954 79th Preakness: Johnny Adams aboard Hasty Road wins in 1:57.4
  • 1954 KREX TV channel 5 in Grand Junction, CO (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 Robert Zimmerman aka Bob Dylan is Bar Mitzvahed
  • 1955 Oldest man to drive in the Grand Prix (aged 55) finishes 6th

Television Finale

1956 "Bob Hope Show" last airs on NBC-TV

  • 1956 KRIS TV channel 6 in Corpus Christi, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1957 KBTX TV channel 3 in Bryan, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1957 Red Sox set AL record by smashing 4 HRs in 6th inning in 11-0 win
  • 1957 South Africa's government approves race separation in universities
  • 1958 Influential modernist skyscraper the Seagram Building designed by Mies van der Rohe officially opens in Manhattan, New York
  • 1959 Benjamin O Davis Jr becomes 1st black major general in US Air Force
  • 1960 Tsunami generated by a magnitude 9.4-9.6 earthquake in Chile strikes Hilo, Hawaii at 01:04 AM, severely damaging virtually all coastal towns between the 37th and 44th parallels
  • 1960 A magnitude 9.4-9.6 earthquake strikes near the city of Valdivia in Chile, the strongest ever recorded, causing multiple tsunamis and killing 1,000-7,000 people
  • 1961 "Mother-In-Law" by Ernie K-Doe hits #1
  • 1961 "Touchables In Brooklyn" by Dickie Goodman hits #42
  • 1961 1st revolving restaurant (Top Of The Needle in Seattle) opens
  • 1962 Netherlands telephone network becomes completely automated
  • 1962 Major Robert A Rushworth, USAF, takes X-15 to 30,600m

Baseball Record

1962 Roger Maris walks 5 times (record 4 intentionally) in a 9 inning game

  • 1962 Continental Airlines Flight 11 crashes after bombs explode on board
  • 1963 Greek parliament leader Lambrakis injured

Sports History

1963 Mickey Mantle hits a ball off Yankee Stadium's facade

  • 1963 European Cup Final, Wembley Stadium, London: José Altafini scores twice as AC Milan edge Benfica, 2-1 for first title to an Italian club

Historic Event

1964 LBJ presents "Great Society"

  • 1965 "Super-cali-fragil-istic-expi-ali-docious", from the film "Mary Poppin" hits #66
  • 1965 Beatles' "Ticket to Ride" single goes #1
  • 1965 Mad Dog Vachon beats Igor Vodic in Omaha, to become NWA champ

Historic Event

1967 Egyptian President Nasser closes the Straits of Tiran to Israel

  • 1967 Fire at L'Innovation department store kills 322 (Brussels, Belgium)

Baseball Record

1968 Pittsburgh Pirates future Baseball HOF outfielder Willie Stargell hits 3 HRs, a double and a single in a 13-6 rout of the Chicago Cubs at Wrigley Field

  • 1969 Stafford & Cernan pilot Apollo 10 LEM 9.4 mi(15km) above lunar surface
  • 1970 Arab terrorists kill 9 children & 3 adults on a school bus
  • 1970 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1970 Mel Stottlemyre sets record by walking 11, but wins 2-0
  • 1971 A British soldier is killed by members of the Official Irish Republican Army in Belfast
  • 1972 Ceylon becomes Republic of Sri Lanka as its constitution is ratified
  • 1972 Ton Sijbrands becomes world checkers champion
  • 1972 US President Nixon begins visit to Moscow
  • 1972 Over 400 women in Derry attack the offices of Official Sinn Féin in Derry, North Ireland, following the shooting of William Best by the Official Irish Republican Army
  • 1973 President Nixon confesses his role in Watergate cover-up
  • 1974 Ruffian begins her racing career as a filly and dies 14 months later
  • 1974 Soccer team Veendam forms
  • 1974 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1975 8th ABA Championship: Kentucky Colonels beat Ind Pacers, 4 games to 1
  • 1976 NASA launches space vehicle S-179
  • 1976 St Louis Cardinal Reggie Smith hits 3 HR

The Orient Express

1977 Final European scheduled run of the Orient Express (after 94 years)

  • 1977 Red Sox (6) & Brewers (5) tie single game HR record of 11

Election of Interest

1979 Canadians elect conservatives, Joseph Clark replaces Pierre Trudeau as the 16th Prime Minister of Canada

  • 1979 Commencement of 1st ICC Trophy (PNG v East Africa & Singapore v Argentina)

Film & TV History

1979 1st ACE Cable Awards: "Emmet Otter's Jug-Band Christmas" by Jim Henson and HBO

  • 1981 Soyuz 40 returns to Earth
  • 1983 Toronto Blue Jay Cliff Johnson hits record 18th pinch hit HR

Sports History

1985 Pete Rose 2,108th run passes Hank Aaron as NL run scoring leader

  • 1985 US sailor Michael L Walker arrested for spying for USSR

Film Premiere

1985 "A View to a Kill", 14th James Bond film, last to star Roger Moore, also starring Grace Jones and Christopher Walken, premieres in San Francisco

Music History

1986 American singer and actress calls David Letterman an a**hole on his "Late Night" TV program (NBC)

  • 1987 30 killed in a Texas tornado

LPGA Championship

1988 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Jack Nicklaus GC: Sherri Turner birdies final 2 holes to win her only major title, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Amy Alcott

  • 1988 Károly Grósz succeeds party leader Janos Kádár in Hungary
  • 1990 Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,852.23
  • 1990 Microsoft releases Windows 3.0
  • 1990 North & South Yemen merge to form Republic of Yemen

Baseball Record

1990 Andre Dawson receives a record 5 intentional walks in a game

Sports History

1990 Deion Sanders becomes involved in a dispute with Chicago White Sox catcher Carlton Fisk, one of the most infamous incidents of Sanders' baseball career

  • 1991 NFL Owners agree to add 2 teams in 1994
  • 1991 Roh Jai Bong resigns as premier of South Korea
  • 1992 California Angels, are involved in a bus crash, in New Jersey
  • 1992 India launches its Agni rocket

TV Show Appearance

1992 Johnny Carson's final appearance as host of "The Tonight Show"

  • 1992 NHL Clarence Campbell Conference Final: Chicago Blackhawks beat Edmonton Oilers, 4 games to 0

Boxing Title Fight

1993 Riddick Bowe TKOs Jesse Ferguson in 2 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1994 Toronto NBA franchise unveils name "Raptors" & logo

Film & TV History

1995 TV sitcom Laverne & Shirley 20th anniversary reunion special, televised

  • 1996 "Tartuffe: Born Again" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 29 performances

Daytime Emmy Awards

1996 Emmy 23rd Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 16th time

  • 1996 4th UEFA Champions League Final: Juventus beats Ajax (1-1, 4-2 on penalties) at Rome
  • 1997 Kelly Flinn, US Air Force's first female bomber pilot certified for combat, accepts a general discharge in order to avoid a court martial
  • 1997 "Closer" play by Patrick Marber starring Clive Owen, opens at the Royal National Theatre in London

Historic Event

1998 Lewinsky scandal: a federal judge rules that United States Secret Service agents can be compelled to testify before a grand jury concerning the scandal, involving President Bill Clinton

  • 2001 NHL Eastern Conference Final: New Jersey Devils beat Pittsburgh Penguins, 4 games to 1

Sports History

2001 Laureus World Sports Awards, Grimaldi Forum, Monaco: Sportsman: Tiger Woods; Sportswoman: Cathy Freeman; Team: French Men's National Football team

  • 2002 The remains of missing Chandra Levy are found in Rock Creek Park, Washington, D.C.
  • 2002 American civil rights movement: a jury in Birmingham, Alabama, convicts former Ku Klux Klan member Bobby Frank Cherry of the 1963 murders of four girls in the bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church

Music Awards

2002 37th Academy of Country Music Awards: Brooks & Dunn, Martina McBride & Alan Jackson win

Appointment of Interest

2002 Mike Babcock is named head coach of the Anaheim Mighty Ducks

Golf Tournament

2003 In Fort Worth, Texas, Annika Sörenstam becomes the first woman to play the PGA Tour in 58 years.

Historic Event

2004 Manmohan Singh becomes the 13th Prime Minister of India

  • 2004 The U.S. town of Hallam, Nebraska, is wiped out by a powerful F4 tornado that broke a width record at an astounding 2.5 miles wide. It also kills one local resident.

Cannes Film Festival

2004 57th Cannes Film Festival: "Fahrenheit 9/11", directed by Michael Moore wins the Palme d'Or. First documentary to win.

  • 2004 NHL Eastern Conference Final: Tampa Bay Lightning beat Philadelphia Flyers, 4 games to 3
  • 2004 Super Rugby Final, Canberra: ACT Brumbies claim their 2nd title with a 47-38 win over Canterbury Crusaders; Brumbies wingers Mark Gerrard (3) and Joe Roff (2) combine for 5 tries

Sports History

2004 English FA Cup Final, Millennium Stadium, Cardiff (71,350): Manchester United beats Millwall, 3-0; Ruud van Nistelrooy scores 2 and Cristiano Ronaldo 1 in Red Devils' 11th title win

  • 2005 58th Cannes Film Festival: "The Child" directed by Jean-Pierre Dardenne and Luc Dardenne wins the Palme d'Or
  • 2006 Results from the Montenegrin independence referendum, 2006 are announced. 55.4% of voters vote to become independent from the Serbia and Montenegro Union.

Sports History

2006 Laureus World Sports Awards, Parque del Fórum, Barcelona, Spain: Sportsman: Roger Federer; Sportswoman: Janica Kostelić; Team: Renault F1 team

  • 2007 NHL Western Conference Final: Anaheim Ducks beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 2

Historic Event

2010 Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus' remains are reburied in Frombork Cathedral, Poland after a 200 year search for his tomb

Sports History

2010 UEFA Champions League Final, Madrid: Internazionale beats Bayern Munich, 2-0; Inter's 3rd title and first treble (Italian Serie A & Cup)

  • 2011 An EF5 Tornado strikes the US city of Joplin, Missouri killing at least 158 people, the single deadliest US tornado since modern record keeping began in 1950

Music Awards

2011 19th Billboard Music Awards: Eminem, Recovery win

  • 2011 64th Cannes Film Festival: "The Tree of Life" directed by Terrence Malick wins the Palme d'Or
  • 2011 57th British Academy Television Awards: "Harry & Paul" Best Comedy, "Sherlock" Best Drama
  • 2012 14 people die and 30 are injured in train collision in India
  • 2012 Philip Philips is crowned the eleventh American Idol
  • 2012 NHL Western Conference Finals: Los Angeles Kings beat Phoenix Coyotes, 4 games to 1
  • 2013 British Army Fusilier Lee Rigby is murdered near the Royal Artillery Barracks in London by two Islamic terrorists, Michael Adebolajo and Michael Adebowale.
  • 2014 Royal Thai Armed Forces, led by General Prayut Chan-o-cha stage a coup in Thailand, suspending the kingdom's constitution and taking control of the government, the 12th since the country's first coup in 1932

Album Release

2015 Daniel Johns releases “Talk”, his debut album as a solo artist